Becoming Coolies: Rethinking the Origins of the Indian Labour Diaspora, 1772-1920.

Lead Research Organisation: University of Edinburgh
Department Name: Sch of History, Classics and Archaeology

Abstract

Between the 1830s and 1920s over 1.3 million Indians migrated as indentured labourers to locations across the world. Criticised both at the time and since as a 'new system of slavery', this 'first wave' of Indian labour migration has been negatively portrayed as the cynical exploitation of a passive Indian labour force. Those who migrated have been presented as the victims of colonial coercion and dupes of unscrupulous middle men, who exhibited no role in the decision making process, and no influence over their individual or collective outcomes. As a result nineteenth-century Indian labour mobility has often been regarded as qualitatively different to, and disconnected from, a 'second wave' of voluntary, skilled Indian migration, beginning in the 1950s, which is often regarded as the 'legitimate' root of the modern day Indian Diaspora. This project sets out to dispute such assumptions by seeking to understand nineteenth-century indentured labour migration around the Indian Ocean in the context of a longer and more diverse history of Indian labour mobility. By situating indentured labour alongside the contemporaneous migrations of soldiers, slaves and service providers from the Indian subcontinent, it will explore the extent to which existing networks, connections and communities helped to shape the processes and experiences of indenture. Drawing upon previously misinterpreted or under-utilised resources in India, Britain, France, Mauritius, Réunion, Sri Lanka and South Africa - including the personal correspondence of migrants themselves - it will assess the degree to which indentured labourers were able to make conscious and informed decisions about if, when and where to migrate. It will also explore the ways in which migrant labourers in the Indian Ocean were able to improve their status and renegotiate real or imposed identities by moving between different categories of labour, and how far they could utilise kinship and other networks to take control of the souces of labour supply. Convict indents, emigration certificates, ship registers and migrants' letters will be used to suggest a broader and more varied movement of Indians overseas than has hitherto been realised. By tracing the vitally important continuities and interconnections between different forms of labour migration, and placing migrant agency, experiences and outcomes at the centre of the analysis, this project will explore the processes of migration in a way that goes beyond the reproduction of conventional colonial and nationalist tropes of indentured victimhood, exploitation and abuse. Instead it will offer a new approach to the migrant experience that seeks to understand the impetuses and consequences of migration from a subaltern perspective, opening up possibilities for radically reinterpreting the nature and importance of migrant agency in the early formation of the Indian Diaspora.

Planned Impact

In rethinking the nature and origins of nineteenth-century Indian labour migration, the proposed research will be of interest to a range of non-academic users, such as: public history organisations interested in labour, migration, and globalisation; communities and interest groups concerned with the 'roots' of the modern Indian diaspora; and individuals tracing personal family histories. The project team will both build on existing connections with relevant communities, groups and institutions, and develop new links during the course of the project to bring their findings to a wide audience outside academia. They will be supported in this by a the Centre for South Asian Studies Scotland (http://www.csas.ed.ac.uk), the Edinburgh India Institute (http://www.edinburgh-india-institute.ed.ac.uk), and the University of Leeds' Arts Engaged programme, (http://www.leeds.ac.uk/arts/homepage/343/impact_and_innovation).

Collaboration will be a key element of the dissemination and impact strategy, and will include public events (lectures/workshops), and the provision of informational materials (pamphlets, work sheets, display materials). A number of key partners have already been identified, including the National Library of Scotland, the Wilberforce Institute for the Study of Slavery and Emancipation (WISE, Hull) and Wilberforce House Museum, the Bernie Grant Arts Centre and Marcus Garvey Library (London). Discussions with local and national history societies will form an important ongoing part of the research process and will shape the nature of the impact activities undertaken. These will include the Thoresby Society (Leeds); The Raphael Samuel History Centre (London), the British Black and Asian Studies Association (BASA, London), Wilberforce Institute for the Study of Slavery and Emancipation (WISE, Hull), Black History Month and the Historical Association.

The project's main non-academic output will be a public facing website hosting a range of resources. As well as a blog providing regular project updates, there will be primary sources, images, maps, contextual material, short articles, bibliographies, useful links and section specifically aimed at schools. The latter will contain 'discussion packs' suitable for use in a classroom setting, and ideas and guidance for micro-research projects.

An online database of names of labour migrants in the Indian Ocean will also be created. This will be suitable for use in genealogic research and will be publicised through specific Indian Ocean genealogical web groups such as 'Imaugen. Cercle de Généalogie Maurice-Rodrigues' (bilingual, English/French) and 'GenBourbon. Cercle Généalogique de Bourbon' (French), as well as by contributions to relevant threads and lists on websites such as www.ancestry.com.

The project will target particular media outlets relating to Diaspora Indians, such as Sunrise radio station and Mauritius Now radio, and newspapers such as Mauritius Now and Mauritius News, with whom Carter has established connections. Publicity for the project will be sought through the non-academic press, including the Sunday supplements of major newspapers, Times Higher Education Supplement, Times Literary Supplement, BBC History Magazine, History Today etc.

Given the resonances between this project and current debates about child labour, migrant labour contracts (e.g. in the Gulf) and people-trafficking, especially with regard to issues such as participation, agency and opportunity, the project's findings may also be relevant to public, NGO and governmental policy. Articles on www.historyandpolicy.org, and dialogue with organisations such as Human Rights Watch, Amnesty International and Anti-Slavery.org will explore this possibility.
 
Description The project has only just commenced, so it is too early to state the key findings.
Exploitation Route The project has only just commenced, so it is too early to state the key findings.
Sectors Creative Economy,Education,Government, Democracy and Justice,Culture, Heritage, Museums and Collections

 
Description The project has only just commenced, so it is too early to summarise the impact effects. We can claim however to have already organised a number of public events which engaged significantly with members of the public. Feedback is still being collated and more events will follow this year.
First Year Of Impact 2015
Sector Creative Economy,Education,Government, Democracy and Justice,Culture, Heritage, Museums and Collections
Impact Types Cultural,Societal,Policy & public services

 
Description 'Slave Castes', 'Coolies' and Colonial Discourses of 'Unfree' Labour' - presentation by Dr Andrea Major 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Presentation at a panel on 'Caste and Labour' at the 24th European Conference on South Asian Studies, held in Warsaw on the 27th-30th July 2016
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description 'The AHRC "Becoming Coolies" research project' - presentation by Prof Crispin Bates 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Project presentation given at conference Celebrating 155 years of Indians in South Africa: Ethnicity, Race and Citizenship at the University of KwaZulu Natal, Durban South Africa, November 11th-15th 2016.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description 'The Limits of Trust: The Procurer in Colonial Accounts of Slave-Trafficking in India, 1774-1843' - conference presentation by Dr Andrea Major 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact In Panel on Trust and the Indian Labour Diaspora at the Madison Wisconsin South Asia Conference 22nd October 2015
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description ''Ignorant and Helpless Beings': India, Empire and the Origins of the 'Coolie' Stereotype' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Conference presentation at a panel on Indentured Identities, at BASAS Conference, April 2016 (University of Cambridge)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description '(En)gendering Migration: Narratives from South Asia and Beyond' Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation paper presentation
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact The interdisciplinary workshop was one of several events organised in Kolkata, intended to highlight the university's on going research on India, in collaboration with Indian partners. The workshop consisted of two sessions, in which five papers were presented and then discussed by eight leading experts. Each session was followed by questions, posed to the panellists by members of the audience (including staff and postgraduates from various institutes and departments across Kolkata). The agenda of the conference was to encourage the abandonment of conventional push-pull explanations in favour of the ethnographic study of networks and intermediaries who connected together the worker and employer. This new approach, it was proposed, is necessary to escape from old clichés and enable the rethinking of the role of women in migration in India.
Significant outcomes included requests for further participation/involvement, plans made for future activity, audience reported change in views/behaviours, and own/colleagues' reported change in views.

To be added
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL https://uoeindia.wordpress.com/2015/02/21/engendering-migration-narratives-from-south-asia-and-beyon...
 
Description '155 Years of Indians in South Africa' Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation paper presentation
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Although the focus of the conference was on South Africa, the participation of scholars beyond South Africa enabled researchers in the field of diaspora studies to reflect on broader theoretical issues in conceptualising the Indian diaspora. The conference aimed to bring together researchers and academics to engage in critical discussion on a range of themes and topics that relate to South African Indians.

The decision was made at the end of the conference to establish a centre for Indian Studies, within the University of Kwa-Zulu-Natal. Participants in the "Becoming Coolies" project were recruited. The project agenda stimulated considerable interest in the academic audience. The most significant impacts were thus requests for further participation/involvement, plans made for future activity, audience reported change in views/behaviours, own/colleagues' reported change in views, decision made or influenced, and requests for further information.

To be added
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://nidan.ukzn.ac.za/Call-for-Paper/celebrating-155-years-of-indians-in-south-africa.aspx
 
Description 'Agency and Resistance amongst Assamese Tea Plantation Workers, 1860-1940' - presentation by Prof Crispin Bates 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Presentation at at the conference Indentured Lives: Rethinking the Experience of Indian Overseas Labour Migration, 1800-1920 held in Edinburgh on 8th-9th September 2016.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description 'An Indian Perspective on the word 'Coolie" - conference presentation by Ashutosh Kumar 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Conference presentation at international Conference on 'Back to the Future?' Interrogating the Contemporary Use of Imperial Terms in the Academy, Institute of Commonwealth Studies, University of London, October 9, London.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description 'Back to the Future: Rethinking Imperial terms in Academia' Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation paper presentation
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact The 'Back to the Future: Rethinking Imperial terms in Academia' conference considered the use of the term 'coolie' in academic discourse: situating it, deconstructing it, and discussing it both as a negative stereotype of the past and a possible focus of identity formation in the future. The most significant outcomes were requests for further participation/involvement, plans made for future activity, audience reported change in views/behaviours, own/colleagues' reported change in views, decision made or influenced, and requests for further information.

To be added
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description 'Becoming Coolies': aspects of gender and colonial overseas labour migration - lecture given by Prof. Crispin Bates at conference on (En)gendering Migration: Narratives from South Asia and Beyond, held at the Institute of Development Studies, Kolkata, February 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact This was an interdisciplinary conference involving historians and development practitioners, which collectively explored issues concerning the role of women in migration in the past and present. Apart from the audience of circa 100 at the conference itself, blogs and interviews were published online in order to reach the widest possible audience.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.mediablog.ed.ac.uk/wp/india/2015/02/21/engendering-migration-narratives-from-south-asia-a...
 
Description 'Becoming Coolies: Aspects of Gender and Colonial Overseas Labour Migration' - presentation by Prof C Bates and Dr M Carter at CSDS, Delhi 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation at International Conference on Becoming Indentured: Rethinking Labour Migration from India to the Sugar Colonies, 1830-1920, 27-28 March 2016 at Centre for the Study of Developing Societies (CSDS), Delhi.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description 'Caste and Labour' - conference panel organised by Dr Andrea Major 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Panel at at the 24th European Conference on South Asian Studies, held in Warsaw on the 27th-30th July 2016 (organised by Andrea Major)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description 'Cool!tude' Exhibition 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Project members co-organised this gallery exhibition on the theme of 'Cool!tude' designed by Danny Flynn at G511ery, in Tottenham, North London. The opening launch on the evening of the 10th included a poetry recital by the 'voice of Cool!tude' Khal Torabully. The exhibition, which ran over four days, featured evocative re-renderings of nineteenth century migrant portraits taken by colonial officials. The purpose was to promote in the public mind a more positive view of Indian overseas labour migration, than has hitherto been the case. The most significant impacts included audience reported change in views/behaviours and plans made for future activity.

To be added
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.coolitude.shca.ed.ac.uk/?q=node/27
 
Description 'Gandhi as Girmitiya' - presentation by Ashutosh Kumar 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Conference presentation at international Conference on 'Celebrating 155 Years of Indians in South Africa Ethnicity, Race and Citizenship: Place of Indians in the New South Africa',12-14 November, University of Kwazulu, Durban, South Africa.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description 'Great Little Man (featuring Coolitude)', a collaborative exhibition at the Saatchi Gallery 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact 'Great Little Man (featuring Coolitude)', a collaborative exhibition by the artists Danny Flynn and Eri Funazaki, Saatchi Gallery, King's Road, London SW3, 1st -7th February 2016.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description 'Hill Coolies': the Indian Indentured Labourer and the Colonial Imagination ' - conference presentation by Dr Andrea Major 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Conference presentation at 'Indentured Lives' Conference held in Edinburgh on 8th-9th September 2016.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description 'Ignorant and Helpless Beings': India, Empire and the Origins of the 'Coolie' Stereotype' - conference presentation by Dr Andrea Major 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Conference presentation at Becoming Indentured: Rethinking Labour Migration from India to the Sugar Colonies, 1830-1920, 27-28 March at Centre for the Study of Developing Societies (CSDS), New Delhi
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description 'Images of Indenture', art exhibition featuring the work of Danny Flynn, Andil Gosine and Sarojini Lewis - organised by Dr A Major 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact 'Images of Indenture', art exhibition featuring the work of Danny Flynn, Andil Gosine and Sarojini Lewis, Michael Sadler Building, University of Leeds 27-29 June 2016
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description 'Juxtapositions: Coolitude and Broon Scots', exhibition at the University of Edinburgh 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Poster exhibition of 'Juxtapositions: Coolitude and Broon Scots', Chrystal Macmillan Building, University of Edinburgh, 7th-9th September2016 (organised by Prof. Crispin Bates and Francesca Kaufman)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description 'Mobile Peasants and Indenture' by Ashutosh Kumar 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Conference presentation at at International Conference on 'Becoming Indentured: Rethinking Labour Migration from India to the Sugar Colonies, 1830-1920', 27-28 March at Centre for the Study of Developing Societies (CSDS), Delhi
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description 'Naukari, Network and Indenture' - presentation by Ashutosh Kumar 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Conference presentation at Colloque International : L'engagisme Dans Les Colonies Européennes, Résistances Et Mémoire(S), Xixe-Xxie Siècles, 20 Et 21 Octobre 2016, Université De Nantes.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description 'Remigration of Indian Subalterns in the Colonial Indian Ocean' - presentation by Prof C Bates and Dr M Carter at the University of Leeds 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Presentation at the conference 'After Slavery: Labour and Migration in the Post-Emancipation World', University of Leeds, 27-29 June 2016.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description 'The South Asian Labour Diaspora In The Colonial Era: Networks, Trust And Intermediaries' - keynote lecture by Prof Crispin Bates 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Keynote lecture given at "Becoming Indentured: Rethinking Labour Migration from India to the Sugar Colonies", 1830-1920, 27-28 March 2016 at Centre for the Study of Developing Societies (CSDS), New Delhi
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description 'The South Asian Labour Diaspora' - Lecture by Prof Crispin Bates at Department of History, Peshawar University, Pakistan, Thursday 9th March 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact The lecture was given to an audience of approximately 60 consisting mostly of staff and undergraduate students. For security reasons the University has not had any external speakers for several years. The event therefore had quite an impact. During the talk I related my current research to broader trends within the discipline of history. The head of department commented subsequently that the lecture greatly encouraged their efforts to move away from teaching conventional national history towards social and subaltern history and the adoption of new methodologies in their research. After the event I met with students who expressed similar enthusiasm.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description 'Transnationalism, intermediaries, and the myths of identity in Indian Ocean migration' - keynote lecture by Prof Crispin Bates 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Keynote lecture given at International Cross-Disciplinary Conference "Power and Identity": The Graduate Program on Global Society (GSP), The University of Tokyo, Monday 9 January, 2017, Komaba Campus, Tokyo.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://sites.google.com/site/gspconference2017/home
 
Description 'Trust and Intermediaries in the Indian Labour Diaspora' - presentation by Prof C Bates and Dr M Carter at the Madison Wisconsin South Asia conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Panel presentation in Panel on Trust and the Indian Labour Diaspora, 22nd October 2015
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description 'Trust and the Indian Labour Diaspora' - panel discussion 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Conference panel at Madison Wisconsin South Asia Conference 22nd October 2015 (organised by Crispin Bates and Yoshina Hurogobin)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://southasiaconference.wisc.edu/about-archive.htm#acc-panel-339
 
Description 'Writing the Girmitiya Experience' - by Ashutosh Kumar 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Conference presentation at International Conference on ' Indentured Lives', 9-10 September at University of Edinburgh, UK.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description An East Indian Slave Trade? Rethinking Indian Indentured Labour Migration - Festival Lecture by Dr A Major 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Lecture given at University of Edinburgh as part of the Edinburgh International Festival and Fringe, 16th August 2016
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Banner exhibition at Centre for the Study of Developing Societies (CSDS), 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact 'Juxtapositions: re-envisioning the Indian Labour Diaspora', banner exhibition at Centre for the Study of Developing Societies (CSDS), New Delhi, 26 March - April 2nd 2016 (organised by Marina Carter and Danny Flynn)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://www.britishcouncil.in/programmes/arts/visual-art-and-museums/museums/juxtapositions-re-envis...
 
Description Finding ourselves: Writers exploring legacies of indenture 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This event, held on 09/10/2015, involved public readings from the writings of literary authors who have published on the experience of indenture and migration. The authors involved were: Gaiutra Bahadur, Clem Seecharan, Jan Lowe Shinebourne and Khal Torabully. The readings were followed by a Q&A session and a reception. The most significant outcomes were requests for further participation/involvement, plans made for future activity, audience reported change in views/behaviours, and own/colleagues' reported change in views.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Forcing the archive: Subaltern migrants 'of Ceylon' in the Indian Ocean World of the 18th-19th centuries' - presentation by Dr M Carter with N Wickramasinghe at the University of Edinburgh 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Presentation given at the international conference on 'Indentured Lives: Rethinking the Experience of Indian Overseas Labour Migration, 1800-1920', 8-10 September, University of Edinburgh, UK.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Gallery exhibition and poetry reading 'Cool!tudes' 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Gallery exhibition 'Cool!tudes' at G511ERY ,Tottenham, London
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description India Inked: Students from Park View School exhibition 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact India Inked: Students from Park View School exhibit experimental screen-process printed images in response to historical photographs derived from the research work of the AHRC funded 'Becoming Coolies' project. Friday 4th November 2016, 6-9pm.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Journeying into Indenture: Remarkable Stories of Returnee Indian Migrants to Mauritius - presentation by Dr M Carter with V Govinden at the University of Edinburgh 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Presentation given by Prof Bates at the international conference "Indentured Lives: Rethinking the Experience of Indian Overseas Labour Migration, 1800-1920", 8-10 September, University of Edinburgh, UK.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Migration and Coolitude; Identity Poetry Recital and Exhibition 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Supporters
Results and Impact The project team co-organised this lunchtime poetry recital and exhibition at Marcel & Sons (Elephant & Castle, London) on Saturday 10th October. A feast of Mauritian inspired delights accompanied a small exhibition entitled Migration and 'Coolie' identity, which gave an introduction to the history of nineteenth century migration to Mauritius. Poet Khal Torabully brought the subject to life with a thought-provoking introduction to Coolitude. The most significant outcomes were requests for further participation/involvement, audience reported change in views/behaviours, and requests for further information.

To be added
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.coolitude.shca.ed.ac.uk/?q=node/26
 
Description Panel Discussion on 'Hundred Years of the End of the Indian Indentureship' with Dr A Kumar 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Panel Discussion on 'Hundred Years of the End of the Indian Indentureship' on Rajya Sabha TV, Government of India, 13th January 2017. Some part of the discussion can be watch at the following link: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0a1P5aB6b7g

All proceedings of panel discussion will be available shortly on Rajya Sabha TV archives and on You tube.

http://nehrumemorial.nic.in/en/news.html
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://nehrumemorial.nic.in/en/news.html
 
Description Panel on 'Networks of Trust and Information in Global Labour Migration', Madison-Wisconsin Annual Conference on South Asia 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation paper presentation
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact This annual conference brings together over 700 scholars and other interested parties from around the world for a series of academic panels, roundtable sessions, association meetings and other events such as film screenings and dramatic performances. The most significant impacts of the panel were plans made for future activity, own/colleagues' reported change in views and requests for further information.

To be added
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://southasiaconference.wisc.edu/
 
Description Panel presentation 'Caste and Labour' by Prof Crispin Bates 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact 'Uncasting and Recasting the Indian Labour Migrant' (co-authored with Marina Carter) in a panel at the 24th European Conference on South Asian Studies, held in Warsaw on the 27th-30th July 2016
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Poster exhibition and lunchtime poetry celebration of Coolitude and Labour Migration to Mauritius 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Poster exhibition on 'Labour Migration to Mauritius' at Marcel & Sons café, Artworks, Elephant & Castle, London, 4th June-31st October 2015 (organiser: Marina Carter and Rosalind Parr). Migration & 'Coolie' Identity a lunchtime celebration of Coolitude with a poetry reading by Khal Torabully on the theme of 'Coolitude' at Marcel & Sons, Artworks, Elephant & Castle, London, 10th October 2015. Introduced by Prof. Crispin Bates.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Presentation on 'The South Asian Diaspora' by Prof Crispin Bates 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Keynote lecture given at the conference 'Rethinking Colonialism and Globalisation' conference (21-23 April 2016), hosted by the Indian Council of Social Science Research at Dakshin-Kamrup college, Guwahati, India. [Scans are available of three reports in Hindi from The Assam Tribune newpaper]
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Project conference - 'Back to the Future?' Interrogating the Contemporary Use of Imperial Terms in the Academy 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Project conference at the Institute of Commonwealth Studies, University of London, October 9, London (organised by Crispin Bates, Andrea Major and Maria Kaladeen, ICS)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Project conference - 'Indentured Lives: Rethinking the Experience of Indian Overseas Labour Migration, 1800-1920' 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Project conference at the University of Edinburgh, School of History, Classics and Archaeology, 8th-9th September 2016 (organised by Prof Crispin Bates)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Project conference - After Slavery: labour and migration in the post-emancipation world 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Project conference at University of Leeds 27-29 June 2016 (organised by Andrea Major)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Project conference - Becoming Indentured: Rethinking Labour Migration from India to the Sugar Colonies 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Project conference 27-28 March 2016 at Centre for the Study of Developing Societies (CSDS), New Delhi (organised by Ashutosh Kumar
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Public Readings of Diasporic Literature 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact 'Finding Ourselves: writers exploring the legacies of indenture'. Public Readings of Diasporic Literature, featuring Khal Torabully, Clem Seecharan, Gaiutra Bahadur, Jan Lowe Shinebourne, Institute of Commonwealth Studies, University of London, 9 October 2016, London. (co-organised with ICS).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Radio Free Berlin recording with Prof C Bates 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Featured on Radio Free Berlin on 13th February 2106 and on other dates.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.radio-on-berlin.com/?s=Torabully
 
Description The Mauritian Indentured Labour Experience Exhibition 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Dr Marina Carter and Prof. Crispin Bates co-organised a small poster exhibition on 'The Mauritian Indentured Labour Experience' at Marcel & Sons (Elephant & Castle, London), which ran from 4th June-31st October 2015 and reached an audience of approximately 2,500. The most significant outcomes were requests for further participation/involvement, audience reported change in views/behaviours, and requests for further information.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description The Origins of Indian Overseas Labour migration and the role of intermediaries - seminar by Prof Crispin Bates 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Seminar given at the Graduate School of African and Asian Studies at Kyoto University on 18th January 2016
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description The South Asian Labour Diaspora: Networks and Intermediaries - Seminar by Prof Crispin Bates 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Seminar given at the Institute for the Study of Global Issues, Graduate School of Social Sciences, Hitosubashi University on 15th October 2016.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016