The Board of Longitude 1714-1828: Science, innovation and empire in the Georgian world

Lead Research Organisation: University of Cambridge
Department Name: History and Philosophy Of Science

Abstract

The proposed project will result in the first comprehensive history of the British Board of Longitude, examining its changing role as an influential player in Georgian culture. As a collaboration between the Deparment of History and Philosophy of Science at the University of Cambridge and the National Maritime Museum (NMM), the project will also have a range of outputs aimed at academic and broader audiences, including exhibitions and displays, talks and events, publications and web resources.

The project research will bring together two unique resources. The Board of Longitude papers in Cambridge University Library offer rich but underused evidence of British ingenuity and invention during the industrial revolution. They will be researched alongside the internationally important collection of instruments and other material evidence of the Board's activities at the NMM.

The 1714 Longitude Act was a turning point in British history: for the first time the government used legislation to address a specific scientific problem. It offered a £20,000 prize for a practical method of determining longitude at sea, and a Board of Longitude, including leaders of maritime, scientific, academic and commercial networks, was created to judge claims and encourage invention. The Board operated until the nineteenth century with major effects on innovation, creativity, and state and commercial patronage systems. Yet there has been no major assessment of this significant institution. Our detailed study will address fundamental questions about Georgian science and society, examining the culture of invention and the notion of precision during this period of industrial progress and commercial revolution. Its findings will help to reassess histories of the long eighteenth century.

The research will concentrate on two key themes:

a) Precision, patronage, instrumentation and the state
The Board's novel role as a semi-governmental organisation encouraging creativity and innovatin is an early instance of state intervention in science and technology. Surviving materials reveal the creativity fostered: not just successful schemes but also those considered impracticable. The Board's members and activities placed it within wide-ranging political, commercial and scientific networks, ensuring wide influence.

b) Field trials, navigation, exploration and international networks
Innovative navigational technologies and techniques needed long-distance sea trials. This linked the Board with such bodies as the Admiralty and influential trading corporations, including the East India Company. Two methods for finding longitude were developed by the 1760s, yet the Board's work continued until 1828, with a changing remit in a period of political upheaval and commercial expansion. The Board itself gained influence in the formation of voyages of exploration, notably expansion into the Pacific, the search for the Northwest Passage, and mapping stars in the southern hemisphere.

While the Department of the History and Philosophy of Science provides the ideal academic context within which to carry out this project, the NMM provides both an important complementary context through its collections and staff expertise and an ideal location from which to disseminate the project findings through displays and temporary exhibitions and through related activities. These will include the exploitation of the project results within the Museum's successful learning programme, which offers activities for formal and informal learners, and enhancing access to the Museum's collections and research for users worldwide through related publications, media coverage and web resources.

Planned Impact

The project's impact beyond academic circles will be achieved through the exploitation of the research findings in a range of outputs delivered at or produced by the National Maritime Museum (NMM). The target audiences will include:
- current museum visitors
- those attending events taking place as part of the museum's learning programme
- users of the museum's website
- all potential audiences interested in the museum's core subjects

The public engagement activities will begin during the early phase of the project (from 2011 onwards), with a major series of activities in 2014 as part of the celebration of the 300th anniversary of the Longitude Act. The activities will include:
- two temporary exhibitions in the Royal Observatory, Greenwich
- feeding the research into long-term displays and temporary exhibitions (both during and after the project timeframe)
- learning activities, including talks, tours, object handling sessions and workshops
- a major conference in 2014
- publications for non-specialist audiences
- creating online resources
- obtaining media coverage for aspects of the project findings

Since the project falls within many of the NMM's core themes, its findings will feed into the activities being programmed and delivered by core museum staff, who will also train and provide support for the project staff. They in turn will have the opportunity to help plan and deliver activities, including public events and the creation of exhibitions and online resources. These public engagement activities will be a key element of the project research assistant's role in the final year of the project.

All engagement activities will be planned, monitored and evaluated using well established procedures already in place at the NMM.

Publications

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Dunn R (2012) Advertisements as science texts in Endeavour

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Morrison-Low, Alison D.; Dupre, Sven; Johnston, Stephen; Strano, Giorgio (2011) From Earth-bound to Satellite: Telescopes, Skills and Networks

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Morrison-Low, Alison D.; Dupre, Sven; Johnston, Stephen; Strano, Giorgio (2011) From Earth-bound to Satellite: Telescopes, Skills and Networks

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Nicky Reeves (Author) (2011) Review of Morzer Bruyns, Sextants at Greenwich

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Rebekah Higgitt (Co-Author) (2013) The benefits of hindsight

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Richard Dunn (Author) (2011) review of Rachel Hewitt, Map of a Nation

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Richard Dunn (Author) (2013) Review of Andrea Wulf, Chasing Venus: The Race to Measure the Heavens in Journal of the history of astronomy

 
Title Longitude 
Description An exhibition installation in the Whipple Museum, Cambridge, on the career of longitude and its practices in the eighteenth century 
Type Of Art Artistic/Creative Exhibition 
Year Produced 2012 
Impact Public attending the Whipple Museum could see a display about the history and artifacts of the eighteenth century longitude project 
 
Description Conference grant
Amount £100 (GBP)
Organisation British Society for Eighteenth Century Studies (BSECS) 
Sector Learned Society
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK)
Start 01/2013 
End 12/2013
 
Description Conference grant
Amount £100 (GBP)
Organisation British Society for Eighteenth Century Studies (BSECS) 
Sector Learned Society
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK)
Start 01/2013 
End 12/2013
 
Description National Maritime Museum, Greenwich, internship
Amount £1,500 (GBP)
Organisation National Maritime Museum 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK)
Start 01/2012 
End 12/2012
 
Description National Maritime Museum, Greenwich, internship
Amount £1,500 (GBP)
Organisation National Maritime Museum 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK)
Start 01/2012 
End 12/2012
 
Description Navigating Eighteenth Century Science and Technology: the Board of Longitude
Amount £376,308 (GBP)
Organisation Jisc 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK)
Start 01/2011 
End 12/2013
 
Description Navigating Eighteenth Century Science and Technology: the Board of Longitude
Amount £376,308 (GBP)
Organisation Jisc 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK)
Start 01/2011 
End 12/2013
 
Description Things: material cultures of the long eighteenth century
Amount £1,500 (GBP)
Organisation University of Cambridge 
Department Centre for Research in the Arts, Social Sciences and Humanities (CRASSH)
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK)
Start 01/2012 
End 12/2013
 
Description Things: material cultures of the long eighteenth century
Amount £1,500 (GBP)
Organisation University of Cambridge 
Department Centre for Research in the Arts, Social Sciences and Humanities (CRASSH)
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK)
Start 01/2012 
End 12/2013
 
Title Longitude database 
Description Database of biographical and chronological information about the career of the Board of Longitude and its activities 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact Improved control over prosopography and educational programming of longitude material 
 
Title Navigating eighteenth century science and technology 
Description Digitisation of all the manuscripts of the Board of Longitude and related materials in the archives of the Royal Greenwich Observatory and the National Maritime Museum 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2013 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Major publicity for AHRC project on Board of Longitude; access for any researcher to the entire manuscript holdings of the Board and related material; use in education and outreach through Cambridge Digital Library and through National Maritime Museum 
 
Description LongiNumiEt 
Organisation Maison des Sciences de l'Homme
Country France, French Republic 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Project to digitise the minutes of the Bureau des Longitudes: collaboration with Maison des Sciences de l'Homme, Lorraine
Start Year 2013
 
Description Navigating 18th century Science and Technology 
Organisation University of Cambridge
Department Cambridge University Library
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK) 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Collaboration with Cambridge University Library on a JISC project to digitize all the papers of the Board of Longitude and associated materials from the papers of the Royal Greenwich Observatory and the National Maritime Museum
Start Year 2011
 
Description Acting at a distance 
Form Of Engagement Activity Scientific meeting (conference/symposium etc.)
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Type Of Presentation Keynote/Invited Speaker
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact On the maritime and scientific aspects of the transit of Venus expeditions: major public and keynote lecture delivered to large public audience

Publication of results and proceedings
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
 
Description Airy, Challis and the Northumberland telescope 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Public talk during Cambridge Science Festival on the Cambridge Observatory reflecting telescope built in the 1830s as a response to the predicament of British astronomy at the period of the disappearance of the Board of Longitude

Audience interest in the history of Cambridge Observatory and its wider context
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description All a-Board 
Form Of Engagement Activity Scientific meeting (conference/symposium etc.)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Workshop Facilitator
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Workshop for historians of government, administration and empire to compare eighteenth century systems of state organisation: forty delegates attended a workshop at the University of Cambridge

Selected contributions will be published in an edited volume
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description Artefacts 
Form Of Engagement Activity Scientific meeting (conference/symposium etc.)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Keynote/Invited Speaker
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact On the varied uses of scientific artefacts in eighteenth century culture: inauguration of new series of workshops on material culture in the eighteenth century

Series of workshops, contionuing; and forthcoming publication of workshop proceedings
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description Artefacts of encounter 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Delivery of a talk on a collaborative project on artefacts and instruments collected and encountered in eighteenth century European voyages in the south Pacific

Collaboration on a museum-based project on Pacific materials collected in the eighteenth century
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Astronomical delegates and long range science 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact On astronomical expeditions and maritime travel: delivery of lecture at conference on scientific instructions for traveller

INteraction with historians of travel and science
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description Basic tools, brilliant curiosities and black boxes 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact On the technologies involved in the eighteenth century project on maritime longitude: delivery of talk to Scientific Instrument Commission

Interaction with experts in history of scientific instruments
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description Bessel and Baily: the influence of Prussian precision and accuracy on London pendulum research 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Delivery of a onference paper on precision science sponsored by the Board of Longitude in the 1820s

Debate on the meaning of precision in pendulum research under the aegis of the Board of Longitude
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Between astronomer, timekeeper and logbook 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact on marine chronometers and other devices as aspects of discipline in the longitude project: delivery of talk to postgraduate conference

interaction with student colleagues and researchers
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Big institution meets small personal archive 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact On the use of Barrington's archives in the re-interpretation of the history of the Board of Longitude: contribution to Maritime and Oceanic History workshop at Cambridge History Faculty

Discussion with historians and maritime experts
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description Bored of Longitude? 
Form Of Engagement Activity Scientific meeting (conference/symposium etc.)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Paper Presentation
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact On the historiography of the eighteenth century longitude project: contribution to discussion at Research Day of University College London, Science and Technology Studies

Contribution to profile of research at University College London
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description Bursting the bubble 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact presentation of a paper on John Harrison's timekeepers

discussion of the material dimensions of the debate on reception of the marine timekeepers
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Clocks and courts 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact presentation of a paper on seventeenth century attempts to perfect the marine timekeeper

debate on the antecedents of eighteenth century horological enterprise
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Early modern measurement 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Seminar class on the philosophical implications of eighteenth century techniques of measurement and observation

Development of relations with the SPEAP programme at Sciences Po, Paris
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Eighteenth century instruments: handling sessions 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact Classes on eighteenth century navigation and astronomy using museum collections: 30 science and history students introduced to the working and meaning of instrumentation

Improved understanding of past instrumentation and material culture
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description Empires of longitude: international perspectives on naavigation, mapping and science 
Form Of Engagement Activity Scientific meeting (conference/symposium etc.)
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Organisation of symposium on the history of navigation and longitude at 24th International Congress of History of Science, Technology and Medicine

Major discussion on the history of longitude within the context of the history of science and technology
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Equipping voyages of scientific exploration 
Form Of Engagement Activity Scientific meeting (conference/symposium etc.)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Paper Presentation
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact On Astronomer Royal Nevil Maskelyne's role in the preparations for exploratory expeditions: contribution to meeting at Institute of Geography, Edinburgh University

discussion with historians and geographers on instruments of exploration
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description Everything is illuminated: candles, funerals and sensuous technology in 18th century London 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Delivery of a seminar paper on the transmission of instrument making expertise in eighteenth century London

Exchange with other graduate researchers in history of instrumentation and the scientific community in the eighteenth century
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Exhibiting longitude: the longitude lunatic in Hogarth's A Rake's Progress 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact On the figure of the longitude projector in the final print of Hogarth's 'Rake's progress': delivery of paper to major international conference

Discussion with collaborators and experts in history of science
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description Explaining Hogarth's longitude lunatic; or it's not longitude that matters, it's what you do with it that counts 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Presentation to the Oxford History Faculty of a paper on the representation by Hogarth of the longitude lunatic in Bedlam and its cultural meanings

Discussion with eighteenth century historians on iconography of lunacy
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Feeling between the lines 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Presentation at a major workshop on global histories of science of a paper on navigational practices in eighteenth century maritime culture

debate on global navigational practices
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Fixing longitude 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Presentation at the launch event of the JISC project "Navigating eighteenth century science and technology" On the digitization of the archive of the Board of Longitude

Interest in the launch of the Cambridge Digital Library website
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Foundation of the Royal Observatory 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Interview with BBC London News on the role of Greenwich Observatory in the search for longitude

Audience interest in the Royal Observatory Greenwich
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Friends from foreign parts 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Presentation of a paper on international correspondents and collaborators of the Board of Longitude

Debate on the international dimensions of the longitude project
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description George Graham and the Board of Longitude 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact Workshop discussion on the relationship between the instrument maker George Graham and the longitude project in the first half of the eighteenth century

Increased expertise in the role of Graham's enterprise in the longitude project
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Georgian patents for scientific instruments 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact Presentation of new work on patents taken out for scientific instruments between 1735 and 1830, with biographical details on those who took out patents and some of their connexions with the Board of Longitude

Debate about the role of patent records in future research on the Board of Longitude
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Heaving a little ballast: Seaborne astronomy in the late-eighteenth century 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact delivery of talk on eighteenth century nautical astronomy

exchanges with historians of scientific instruments
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Hero or villain? Nevil Maskelyne's posthumous reputation 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Talk at Royal Society of London on the historiography of Nevil Maskelyne's achievements

Discussion on the history of astronomy with members of the audience
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Hero, villain or something in between? 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact On Nevil Maskelyne's role in the discovery of longitude: delivery of talk to the Royal Society

Public engagement with history of longitude and of Maskelyne's repute
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description Horology workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact Workshop discussion of current research in the history of eighteenth century horology and cataloguing of chronometers in the collections of the National Maritime Museum: very useful training in history and practice of clockmaking and conservation

Incorporation of horological expertise and historiography into research outputs
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
 
Description How Britannia came to rule the waves 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Newspaper interview and article on the revised history of the discovery of longitude and the AHRC Board of longitude project: increased publicity for AHRC project

Outreach to newspaper readers
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
 
Description If the Love of Money cannot be said to be the Case, they must be no better than as if out of their Senses': or Hogarth's longitude lunatic between credit and credibility 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Presentation of a conference paper on the fiscal and epistemic significance of the representation of longitude and lunacy in the eighteenth century

discussions with eighteenth century historians on the background to Hogarth's representation of Bedlam
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description In pursuit of the ephemeral and the durable: weights, measures and the figure of the Earth 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Presentation of a paper on metrology and pendulum experiments sponsored by the Board of Longitude in the early nineteenth century

Discussion of the role of standardisation in the work of the Board of Longitude
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description In search of international longitudinarians 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Presentation of a paper on the role of overseas longitude projectors in the eighteenth century

discussion of international dimensions of the longitude project
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Instrumenting order 
Form Of Engagement Activity Scientific meeting (conference/symposium etc.)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Paper Presentation
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact on the astronomical education of mariners in the later eighteenth century: contribution to workshop on instruments of exploration at Edinburgh Institute of Geography

discussion with historians and historical geographers
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description Instruments of exploration at Greenwich 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact contribution to workshop at Royal Geographical Society, London, on Geography, technology and exploration since 1780

interaction with colleagues in geography and history
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Into the breeches 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact On the re-interpretation of the reputation of Nevil Maskelyne in the historiography of longitude

Journalist interview for public magazine article
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description Isaac Newton's time 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Presentation at a Maritime History Seminar in London of a paper on the influence of Newton on the development of chronometric and astronomic methods for longitude at sea

discussion of Newton's relationship with the development of maritime longitude
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description John Pringle's Copley Medal Discourses 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact On the relation between naval science and the activities of fellows of the Royal Society in the 1770s: contribution to a major conference at the National Maritime Museum to mark the 350th anniversary of the Royal Society

Useful feedback from conference audience
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
 
Description Joseph Banks between natural history and astronomy 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact On the related projects in astronomy and in natural history pursued through the Royal Society under Banks' presidency: plenary keynote lecture at major international conference on Joseph Banks

Interaction with colleagues in history of science and navigation at National Maritime Museum
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description King's astronomer, professor or public servant? 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Presentation to the Flamsteed Society on the role of the first Astronomer Royal John Flamsteed

Public interest in the foundation and early work of the Royal Observatory
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Lists, Letters and Longitude 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation to staff seminar at the National Maritime Museum on the uses of astronomy in eighteenth century scientific expeditions

discussion on the astronomical work of maritime science
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Lists, Letters and Longitude: Expeditionary Astronomy in Theory and Practice 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Presentation at an international conference at the Huntington Library, Caliornia, on the uses of astronomy in eighteenth century scientific expeditions

Debate on the literary aspects of expedition narratives in the eighteenth century
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Longitude and survey: international relations 
Form Of Engagement Activity Scientific meeting (conference/symposium etc.)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Workshop Facilitator
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact International workshop at National Maritime Museum, Greenwich, on the international dimensions of surveying and maritime longitude between the seventeenth and nineteenth centuries, including presentations on Dutch and French experience of the determination of longitude

Interaction with international colleagues working on history of longitude in comparative contexts
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Longitude inscrib'd 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact On early pamphlets concerned with the longitude problem: delivery of talk at major international conference

interaction with colleague sin history of science
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Longitude inscrib'd: early pamphlet solutions to the longitude problem 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Delivery of an international conference paper on the publications about longitude issued in early eighteenth century Britain

debate on the role of print in the debate about the longitude problem
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Longitude inscrib'd: solving the longitude problem through instrument, image and text 
Form Of Engagement Activity Scientific meeting (conference/symposium etc.)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Paper Presentation
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact On the use of images and print in early published solutions to the longitude problem: contribution to postgraduate conference of British Society for History of Science

discussion with colleagues and postgraduates
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description Making Time Fit 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact On the significance and value of chronometers in later eighteenth century maritime expeditions: delivery of paper to conference on Joseph Banks and empire

Interaction with historians of empire, travel and natural history at National Maritime Museum
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description Making time fit 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Workshop paper in preparation for publication of a collective book on the changing experience of time in history: the paper explored the career of time management and the use of marine chronometers in late eighteenth century scientific voyages

Forthcoming publication on the history of time
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Material culture in the long eighteenth century 
Form Of Engagement Activity Scientific meeting (conference/symposium etc.)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Two workshops, in Cambridge and at the Huntington Library, California, to analyse and discuss the role of material cultures in eighteenth century social and scientific enterprises

Forthcoming publication of the proceedings
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Measuring the universe 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Exhibition on the scientific activities to observe the Transit of Venus in the eighteenth century

Audience interest in the Transit of Venus and its scientific significance
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Navigating 18th century Science and Technology: the Board of Longitude 
Form Of Engagement Activity Scientific meeting (conference/symposium etc.)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Workshop Facilitator
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Public conference to launch the new JISC funded digital website of the archives of the Board of Longitude

Public interest in the Cambridge Digital Library website
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Navigating eighteenth century science and technology: JISC digitisation project 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Report on project to digitize the manuscripts of the Board of Longitude and associated documents, at a Royal Society meeting on the Origins of Science as a Visual Pursuit

Increased expertise in managing visual materials in the context of digital humanities
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Nevil Maskelyne and the instruments of scientific exploration 1760-1800 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact delivery of a conference paper at international history of science conference in Philadelphia, USA, on the use of scientific equipment in explorations led by the Astronomer Royal Nevil Maskelyne

discussion of the importance of instrumentation in eighteenth century scientific expeditions
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Nevil Maskelyne at the Royal Observatory 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Talk to the Purton Historical Society at the Royal Observatory Greenwich on the career of the Astronomer Royal Nevil Maskelyne

engagement with school students on history of astronomy
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Nevil Maskelyne: the man who weighed the Earth 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact On the project of the Astronomer Royal Nevil Maskelyne to determine the effect of mountains on the alignment of nearby plumb lines in the 1770s: talk at Westminster School

interaction with school students
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description Newton and the Longitude 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Contribution to the Gravity Fields festival at Grantham: on Isaac Newton's role in the formation of the eighteenth century longitude project

Link between Board of Longitude project and outreach activities around the Gravity Fields festival
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Newton et les longitudes 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Presentation at a workshop at the Universit? Lorraine in Nancy on the role of Newton as a figure of scientific authority in the history of the Board of Longitude

Collaboration with the Nancy-based project to digitise the papers of the Bureau des Longitudes
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description North by Northwest? 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact On the uses and problems of compass navigation in Arctic exploration: delivery of talk to National Maritime Museum conference on modern navigation

Interaction with experts in maritime history
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Oceanic Enterprise: Location, Longitude and Maritime Cultures 1770 - 1830 
Form Of Engagement Activity Scientific meeting (conference/symposium etc.)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Workshop Facilitator
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact International Conference on longitude, scientific travel, and international expeditions in the later eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries

publication of papers selected from the conference
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Playmobil and its discontents 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact On design strategies for a museum exhibition on eighteenth century longitude: presentation in seminar series on history of science

Useful feedback for work in museum curation
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description Precision, perfection and the reality of eighteenth century instruments at sea 
Form Of Engagement Activity Scientific meeting (conference/symposium etc.)
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Conference paper on the transport, maintenance and repair of scientific instruments used at sea during the eighteenth century

Discussion of the transport of instruments in the eighteenth century with colleagues
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Primary source: Board of Longitude 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact teaching seminars and supervisions on the primary materials in the Board of Longitude archives: between 5 and 10 students trained in reading, understanding and commenting on primary source materials in the history of Longitude

Improved understanding of the history of longitude and navigation among natural sciences students
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description Ramsden and the longitude project 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact delivery of talk about the interaction between instrument makers and the Board of Longitude

improved understanding of the role of longitude instrument makers
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description Reading between the lines 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Presentation at a major international conference at the university of Liverpool on the global eighteenth century of a paper on chronometers and navigation in the late eighteenth century

discussion with other historians on the global eighteenth century networks and their links with chronometer development
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Redefining the early nature and nomenclature of the Board of Longitude 
Form Of Engagement Activity Scientific meeting (conference/symposium etc.)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Paper Presentation
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact On the changes in the work of the Commissioners of Longitude in the earlier eighteenth century: contribution to annual conference of British Society for History of Science

discussion with historians of science
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description Revisiting and revising Maskelyne's reputation 
Form Of Engagement Activity Scientific meeting (conference/symposium etc.)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Paper Presentation
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The historiography of the career of Astronomer Royal Nevil Maskelyne: contribution to public meeting at National Maritime Museum on the career of Maskelyne

publication of proceedings of conference
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description Science prizes: what are they for? 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The Longitude prizes as model for subsequent science prizes: post on the Guardian science website

Discussion with NESTA and other organisations involved in the 2014 Longitude Prize scheme
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Sir Isaac's Moon: Newtonian physics in the quest for longitude 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact Talk at Oxford University undergraduate physics conference

interaction with university physics students
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Sounding in silence: the mechanics of discipline in the early nineteenth-century Royal Navy 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact On depth sounding devices and the uses of naval discipline in a presentation to National Maritime Museum staff

communication and discussion of information about Museum holdings of depth sounding equipment
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Technology, tools and toys: selling scientific instruments in early modern London 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Presentation to the London University economic and social history seminar a paper on the marketing of scientific instruments in eighteenth century London

debate on the development of the instrument market in the eighteenth century
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Telescopes: real and imagined 
Form Of Engagement Activity Scientific meeting (conference/symposium etc.)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Paper Presentation
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact On optical and astronomical instruments used in the search for longitude at sea: presentation for ongoing research group on histories of material culture

Planned publication of seminar presentation
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description The 1818 Longitude Act 
Form Of Engagement Activity Scientific meeting (conference/symposium etc.)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Paper Presentation
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact On the new longitude legislation of 1818 and the public funding of science: contribution to annual conference of British Society for History of Science

discussions with historians of science
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description The Admiralty's Observatories 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact On the observatories at Greenwich, the Cape of Good Hope and Rossbank: delivery of public lecture at National Maritime Museum

Interaction with museum visitors to displays
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description The Barrington papers 
Form Of Engagement Activity Scientific meeting (conference/symposium etc.)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Paper Presentation
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact On the manuscripts of Daines Barrington and the debate about parliamentary legislation for the longitude prize: contribution to postgraduate conference of British Society for History of Science

Interest from audience in historiography of longitude
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description The Barrington papers and the fate of John Harrison 
Form Of Engagement Activity Scientific meeting (conference/symposium etc.)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Paper Presentation
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact On the parliamentary debates about the award of the Longitude prize to John Harrison: presentation to the postgraduate forum of the Centre for Eighteenth Century Studies of the University of York

discussion with colleagues and postgraduates
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description The Board of Longitude in the early nineteenth century: negotiating authority and expertise 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Delivery of conference paper on the role of the Admiralty and the Board of Longitude in the encouragement of scientific expert advice in the 1820s

Interaction with colleagues at the National Maritime Museum
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description The Board, the Bureau and the 1818 Longitude Act 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Presentation at an international workshop at the Universit? Lorraine in Nancy on the French influence on the drafting of the 1818 Longitude Act

Collaboration with the Nancy group on a project to digitise the paper of the Bureau des Longitudes
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description The Bombay case 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact On the establishment of a new observatory by the East India Company in Bombay in the 1820s and the activities of the instrument makers and astronomers involved: contribution to a continuing serie sof the London Historical geographers' Group on infrastructure

Discussion with historical geographers and planning for further exchanges
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
 
Description The Economization of Time in the Pacific 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Presentation of a paper on the values of marine chronometers and of maritime discipline in eighteenth century voyages

discussion on the methods of organisation of ships and discipline in eighteenth century naval expeditions
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description The Longitude Act 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation of a talk at NESTA on the Longitude Act and various longitude projects

Incorporation of recommendations in plans for 2014 Longitude Prize
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description The Longitude prize 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Interview with BBC World Tonight on the Longitude prize as a precedent for the award of prizes in science and engineering

Publicity for work of AHRC project
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description The Nautical Almanac: an instrument of change 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact delivery of paper on the changes in the organisation of the Nautical Almanac during the period of the abolition of the Board of Longitude

Interactions with postgraduate students in history of science
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description The Nautical Almanac: an instrument of controversy 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact On the debates about the publication and accuracy of the Nautical Almanac in the earlier nineteenth century: delivery of talk to international experts in scientific instrumentation

Interaction with experts in history of instrumentation
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description The Royal Mint in the later eighteenth century 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact Presentation of new research on the management of the Royal Mint in the later eighteenth century and a comparison with institutional and practical changes in the Board of Longitude

Debate on variations between different institutions of state patronage and plans for further collaboration with research group at Lancaster University
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description The Venus transit expeditions 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact On the imperial and scientific implications of the Venus transit expeditions: contribution to a major conference marking the 350th anniversary of the Royal Society

Useful discussion with audience members
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
 
Description The Whipple Museum is full of rubbish 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Delivery of a talk on the planning and layout of a museum display on eighteenth century Longitude

Improvement in layout and design of new museum display
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description The crazy ideas the failed to solve the longitude problem 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Release of online BBC News Science and Environment report on the work of the Board of Longitude

Public interest in research on the history of the Board of Longitude archives
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description The devil is in the detail: Hogarth and Hockney on longitude and latitude 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Presentation of a talk on the imagery and technique of longitude in Hogarth's Rake's Progress and Hockney's stage designs at an international conference on Hockney and Hogarth

Discussion on the role of Hogarth's representation of longitude in Hockney's designs
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2009,2012
 
Description The known skill of the artist 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Delivery of a paper at international workshop on the material cultures of the long eighteenth century, discussing the role of the instrument maker in the status of eighteenth century astronomical devices

Discussion on the role of the author of instruments in evaluation of their importance
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description The latitude of the search for longitude in eighteenth-century Britain 
Form Of Engagement Activity Scientific meeting (conference/symposium etc.)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Paper Presentation
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact On aspects of the organisation and pursuit of the search for methods of determining longitude: presentation to British Maritime History Seminar at London University's Institute of Historical Research

discussion with collaborators and audience
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description The meaning of the 1714 Longitude Act 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact Presentation y an expert on the life of John Harrison of the interpretation of the terms of the 1714 Longitude Act and its implications for the reward system during the later eighteenth century

Debate on the terms of the 1714 act and the historiography of John Harrison
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description The self-fashioning of the Board of Longitude 
Form Of Engagement Activity Scientific meeting (conference/symposium etc.)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Paper Presentation
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact On the organization of the Board of Longitude following the 1714 Longitude act: presentation of work to a meeting on the role of government boards in eighteenth century administration

Contributions to be published in edited volume
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description The silent trade: on the boundaries of measurement 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Plenary lecture at an international conference on measurement on the role of quantification in early modern societies and its use in establishing position

Debate on the relation between navigational practice and accurate measurement
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description The telescope: technology, luxury and symbol 
Form Of Engagement Activity Scientific meeting (conference/symposium etc.)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Paper Presentation
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact On the possession of telescopes and their uses in the eighteenth century marketplace: seminar presentation to public discussion of material culture

Publication of proceedings of seminar series
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description The uses of Wikipedia 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact Presentation by the British Library's wikipedian-in-residence on the means to use Wikipedia as a means for dissemination of the Project's research results

improved wikipedia participation by project members
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Things are getting complicated 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact On material culture in the eighteenth century and its implications for the understanding of consumer behaviour: web presentation to Cambridge University on the seminar series associated with the project

Increased publicity for work on eighteenth century materials
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description Things: early modern material cultures 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Video presentation of a seminar series on early modern material cultures

Increased impact of the publicity around discussions of material culture and the sciences in the eighteenth century
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description This iridescent bubble of knowledge 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact On the figure of the longitude projector in Bedlam in the final figure of Hogarth's 'Rake's progress': delivery of presentation to professional art historians

Interaction with colleagues in art history
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description Thomas Young and the end of the Board of Longitude 
Form Of Engagement Activity Scientific meeting (conference/symposium etc.)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Paper Presentation
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact On the abolition of the Board of Longitude in 1828: contribution to annual conference of the British Society for the History of Science

discussion with postgraduate and senior colleagues in history of science
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description Transits of Venus 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Public talk at Radley College on the eighteenth century astronomical expeditions to observe the transit of Venus in 1761 and 1769

engagement with school students about history of astronomy
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Trial by water 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact On the eighteenth century development of navigation: presentation to members of the Royal Yacht Association

Useful exchanges with mariners and general public
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
 
Description Understanding things 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Presentation at a Mellon-funded workshop of a paper on the role of material culture in historical understanding of eighteenth century scientific objects

Discussion on the significance of material culture in the interpretation of eighteenth century sciences
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description What they didn't tell you about the Transits of Venus 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Post on Guardian Science Desk website with feedback

Increased interest in Transit of Venus events
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Where to place the Arnold/Earnshaw debates: trials, testimony and travel in the Board of Longitude's relationship with the clock-making trade 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Presentation of a paper on the controversy over the virtues of the marine chronometers of John Arnold and Thomas Earnshaw

Discussion of priority disputes in the eighteenth century
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012