Artefacts of Encounter: Cross-cultural exchange on early European voyages into Polynesia (1765-1840) and socio-cultural transformation

Lead Research Organisation: University of Cambridge
Department Name: Museum of Archaeology & Anthropology

Abstract

This three-year project uses artefacts as primary evidence of the nature of encounters between European explorers and Polynesian islanders on more than thirty Pacific voyages from 1765 to 1840, and the transformations - both immediate and long-term - that they engendered.



These artefacts include the objects they acquired, many of which survive in museums, as well as the intellectual and artistic traditions into which these important exchanges were immediately and subsequently incorporated.



Whereas research focused on artefacts is often said to treat cultures as museum exhibits, fixed in an eternal ethnographic present, this project turns such assumptions around by demonstrating that artefacts, of all forms of evidence, are key to understanding how socio-cultural change unfolds. It considers not only technological developments, and the expansion of people's knowledge of each other's worlds, but also the ways in which their most basic assumptions about existence were challenged - in some cases abandoned or transformed.



Marshalling a range of material connected to the voyages into relational databases, the research team will also collaborate with members of present-day Polynesian communities interested in museum collections to shed new light on cross-cultural dynamism in the context of European imperial expansion and its far-reaching effects.

Publications

10 25 50

publication icon
Amiria Salmond (Author) (2014) Artefacts of Encounter: the Cook-Voyage Collections in Cambridge in Journal of Museum Ethnography

publication icon
Baker, Kriselle; Rankin, Elizabeth (2011) Fiona Pardington: The Pressure of Sunlight Falling

publication icon
Billie Lythberg (Author) (2012) 'Niu Warrior Casula' in Art Monthly Australia

publication icon
Billie Lythberg (Author) (2013) Polyvocal Tongan barkcloths: contemporary ngatu and nomenclature at the Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa in Tuhinga: Records of the Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa

publication icon
Billie Lythberg (Author) (2013) 'New Works at Home AKL' in Art Monthly Australia

publication icon
Billie Lythberg (Author) (2013) 'The American Museum of Natural History Database' in Journal of Museum Ethnography

publication icon
Billie Lythberg (Author) (2013) 'Art in Oceania' in Art Monthly Australia

publication icon
Brunt, Peter; Thomas, Nicholas; Mallon, Sean (2012) Art in Oceania: A New History

 
Title 'Maori artist George Nuku and the Facing the Sea Gallery' 
Description Produced and edited (2010-11) three short films documenting conservation of Maori war canoe collected by Thomas Brisbane in 1820s. These films are available on-line (see link above) and form part of the AV-displays for newly renovated 'Facing the Sea' galleries at National Museums of Scotland, Edinburgh (opened July 2011). 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2011 
 
Description Beyond academia, the findings of the Artefacts of Encounter project continue to be exploited and developed by a wide range of stakeholder groups, organisations and individuals in the UK and beyond. In particular, the project's commitment to building relationships between ethnographic museums in the UK and Europe and the Pacific communities whose cultural treasures they hold, continues to generate a wealth of knowledge-sharing and creative initiatives benefiting museum professionals, visitors and researchers, while simultaneously stimulating artistic production and cultural revitalization in Polynesia. Having established close ties with a host of museums including institutions in Russia, Germany, Italy, France, Spain, Estonia and the Netherlands, the University of Cambridge Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology (MAA) assembled a successful collaborative bid for €2.3 m of ERC funding over 5 years for the Pacific Presences project (2013-18), an initiative involving five national-level museums in five countries that extends the work begun during Artefacts of Encounter in new directions. Ongoing cooperation and knowledge exchange with a wider range of these institutions has also led to MAA's participation in a Creative Europe project involving 10 museums, which has received €2 million over 2014-18. Further specific partnerships include collaboration with the new Museum of World Cultures in Barcelona, where MAA staff have advised on Oceania displays and provided a group of objects researched by the project on medium term loan for public display. The project generated a successful exhibition at a leading UK public art gallery: 'Tapa: barkcloth paintings from the Pacific' was shown at the Ikon Gallery, Birmingham over May-July 2013 and in a scaled down form at MAA in Cambridge in 2014; artefacts researched by the project were also loaned to a major barkcloth-focused exhibition in Cologne over 2013-14. In MAA itself, a special permanent public exhibition dedicated to the project's findings has been actively used as a teaching resource by school groups in the Cambridge area as well as being enjoyed by museum visitors. Project researchers' work on the major international touring exhibition 'Mana Maori' at the Museum Volkenkunde Leiden (2010-11) and at the Linden Museum in Stuttgart (2012) enhanced relations between museums and diplomatic representatives from Europe and the Pacific, especially New Zealand diplomatic staff in London, the Netherlands and Germany. These ties generated financial and practical support for public educational programming building on the project's research, including hosting indigenous Pacific groups taking part in exhibition opening ceremonies and running outreach workshops. Talks, seminars and Pacific community group visits to museums and collections in London, Antwerp, Florence, Paris, Leiden, Stuttgart and New York (including orientation programs offered by Polynesian community representatives to primary and secondary school age students) helped enhance public interest in the Pacific and its peoples, as well as developing the confidence and professional skills of community members through these unprecedented opportunities to research, reflect and engage with the public on the significance of their own cultures in a global context. These project activities enhanced awareness of the wealth of Polynesian cultural patrimony distributed among museum collections internationally, as well as of the present-day plight of some of these cultures who face the loss of their territory through climate change. Project researchers' close involvement with UK-based non-profit voluntary Polynesian community organisations including Ngati Ranana (the London Maori Club), Beats of Polynesia and Kohanga Reo o Ranana also worked to extend knowledge of, and participation in, Maori and Pacific arts and culture to UK and European audiences. The KIWA digital research environment developed by the project has attracted international attention as a ground-breaking platform for digital reciprocation and knowledge exchange between museums and communities. The process of building the system raised issues of intellectual and cultural property and copyright, stimulating debates that have impacted on policies and public services of the museums we engaged with as well as the communities with whom we worked. Collaborative initiatives have been launched between KIWA's developers and museums in the UK, New Zealand and Canada, and plans are underway to further develop the resource as part of a project involving several museums and archives in the UK and New Zealand. These innovations have in turn been recognised by other UK and international organisations, many of which have invited members of the research team and its research partner organisations to give talks, develop projects and contribute to publications promoting the extension of such initiatives in other regional and national centres. Project Technical Lead Carl Hogsden, for example, has contributed to the development of a new learning research agenda for natural history museums in the UK, at the invitation of King's College London and the Natural History Museum. Face-to-face collaborations between project researchers and particular Pacific community groups have had deep and far-reaching impacts on artistic practice and ongoing projects of cultural and economic revitalisation. Project Partner Toi Hauiti's involvement strengthened community identity as the platform for exploring tribal economic development solutions. With project support the group exploited digital technologies to present Maori artefacts as triggers for social, cultural and economic innovation, and as vehicles for knowledge sharing and exchange with museums internationally. Their involvement in the project has led some younger members of the community to opt for tertiary study and career paths in museums and academia. Toi Hauiti's visits and public presentations in UK, European, and US museums have put the Hauiti people and their projects on the 'world stage'. Hauiti artists have made works inspired by ancestral artefacts that were rediscovered through the project, and have exhibited them internationally, building reputations and careers. A model for engaging indigenous communities in digital projects has emerged from this work, which will impact public services and policy making and has potential to change organisational culture and practices in museums internationally. Tongan contemporary arts collective, No'o Fakataha, developed a reciprocal relationship with project members, sharing and discussing project findings and enhancing their research capacity. To date three solo exhibitions and ten group exhibitions have included artworks produced in conversation with significant 18th century Tongan artefacts rediscovered by the project. These have been material in the artists securing Research and Development funding from New Zealand's arts council Creative NZ to produce work and travel overseas to exhibit works and present to conferences. Members are contributing to the Bruni d'Entrecasteaux and Malaspina volumes arising from Artefacts of Encounter (in preparation). The project's finding the only extant 18th century Tongan feathered headdress, intact barkcloth, and tukifala percussion instruments has been disseminated through public lectures to Tongan communities in Auckland, and to artists and subject specialists in NZ and Tonga, catalysing both artistic revitalisation and conversations pertaining to identity, political economy, and history making in Tonga. (Addendum 2016) Work on the project's summative book, Artefacts of Encounter, was prolonged to incorporate further detailed investigation of the collections of Cambridge's Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology. The book was completed in 2015 and is now copy-edited, proofed and indexed. It will be published jointly by the University of Otago Press and the University of Hawaii Press in around June 2016. The project has also underpinned curatorial research by the PI towards a major exhibition, 'Oceania', scheduled to take place across the main galleries of the Royal Academy, London, in Autumn, 2016.
First Year Of Impact 2010
Sector Communities and Social Services/Policy,Creative Economy,Digital/Communication/Information Technologies (including Software),Education,Environment,Leisure Activities, including Sports, Recreation and Tourism,Culture, Heritage, Museums and Collections,Security and Diplomacy
Impact Types Cultural,Societal,Economic

 
Description 'Pacific Presences: Oceanic Art and European Museums'
Amount £2,120,987 (GBP)
Funding ID 324146 
Organisation European Research Council (ERC) 
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 04/2013 
End 03/2018
 
Description Artefacts of Encounter: Cross-Cultural Exchange in Historical and Interdisciplinary Perspective
Amount £15,000 (GBP)
Organisation University of British Columbia 
Department Peter Wall Institute of Advanced Studies
Sector Academic/University
Country Canada
Start 04/2013 
End 05/2013
 
Description Te Ataakura: Re-connecting voyage collections in archives and museums through the creation of digital taonga
Amount £130,000 (GBP)
Funding ID 10-RF-35 
Organisation Nga Pae o te Maramatanga (NPM), New Zealand's Maori Centre of Research Excellence 
Sector Public
Country New Zealand
Start 07/2010 
End 06/2012
 
Title Kiwa: Object Encounters 
Description Tabulated records of authored and dated "encounters" between project team researchers and specific objects held in institutional collections. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2013 
Provided To Others? Yes  
 
Description AHRC-funded ?Board of Longitude 1714-28' project 
Organisation Arts & Humanities Research Council (AHRC)
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK) 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Productive collaborative relationship with members of AHRC-funded ?Board of Longitude 1714-28? project which is co-hosted by Dept of History and Philosophy of Science, University of Cambridge and National Maritime Museum, Greenwich. Maia Nuku joined members at an inter-disciplinary workshop at Huntingdon Library in California, participated in their public seminar series at CRASSH, University of Cambridge and contributed a feature to publication outcome ?Things: Material culture of the long eighteenth century?, eds. S. Schaffer and A. Cracciun (Forthcoming 2014). Dr. Richard Dunn (Curator of Scientific Instruments) and Dr Heloise-Finch-Boyer (Curator of the History of Science & Technology) from the National Maritime Museum in Greenwich also consulted on Tupaia and early Polynesian navigation as research for their major exhibition ?Longitude? (2014).
Start Year 2012
 
Description Virtual Repatriation: Bringing our treasures home ? Pilot Project 
Organisation Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa
Country New Zealand 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution The Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa (Te Papa) was awarded a funding grant by Ngä Pae o te Märamatanga: New Zealand?s Mäori Centre of Research Excellence to undertake a scoping exercise with respect to the creation of an International Database/Inventory of Mäori taonga held in overseas museums and institutions. At the invitation of Arapata Hakiwai, Curator Maori at the Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa, International Co-investigator Salmond was appointed to the Steering Group.
Start Year 2011
 
Description 'A god image from the Cook Islands' 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Paper presented as part of the Museum of Archaeology & Anthropology lunchtime seminar series.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
 
Description 'Artefacts of Encounter and KIWA' 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact A seminar given to the MPhil in Anthropology students at Cambridge University.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
 
Description 'Artefacts of Encounter and Te Ataakura' 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Invited seminar paper to Nga Pae o te Maramatanga's International Research Advisory Panel Symposium, Auckland.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
 
Description 'Artefacts of Encounter at MAA' 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact A seminar presented to University College London's anthropology department. Audience included staff and students.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
 
Description 'Artefacts of Encounter' 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Talk given at a workshop organised by the Artefacts of Encounter project to members of the local Maori community in Tolaga Bay, New Zealand.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
 
Description 'Artefacts of Encounter' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Participants in your research or patient groups
Results and Impact A presentation to Museum staff at the Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa.

Section not completed
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description 'Artefacts of Encounter' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact A paper presented at the meeting of the Pacific Arts Association in the Cook Islands.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description 'Artefacts of Encounter' 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact A presentation highlighting the work of the project to museum curators at the Bishop Museum in Hawaii.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
 
Description 'Artefacts of Encounter: Building KIWA' 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Paper presented at a Digital Humanities Workshop at the Centre for Research in the arts, social sciences and humanities at the University of Cambridge.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
 
Description 'Artefacts of Encounter: Early Voyages to Polynesia' 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Invited by Professor Simon Schaffer to present research to members of AHRC-funded 'Board of Longitude 1714-28' project to explore synergies with the Artefacts of Encounter project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
 
Description 'Artefacts of Encounter: Pacific Collections in Madrid' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Presentation on the project to conference delegates at the Pacific Arts Association, Europe meeting.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description 'Artefacts of Encounter: Relating to, and through, Polynesian Collections' 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact A paper presented at a workshop co-organised by International Investigator Salmond that brought together international specialists in anthropology, history, the history of science and art history, to discuss methodological issues and recent thinking on the role of artefacts, broadly construed, in encounters between different peoples across space and time. As well as assembling an august group of scholars working on topics relating to the project, this event brought the project team together with their two official Project Partners: the Reciprocal Research Network (based at the Museum of Anthropology, University of British Columbia [UBC] and incorporating a number of Canadian First Nations bands); and Toi Hauiti, who sent a delegation of some 15 members of their M_ori tribal group. The workshop focused on the kinds of objects that emerge in situations of "cross-cultural contact," with a focus on late-eighteenth-century encounters in the Americas and the Pacific and their still-unfolding legacy. Three days of discussions were held at UBC Vancouver, including presentations, round-table conversations, and two public lectures.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
 
Description 'Born-digital taonga' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact A lecture for the Museums and Cultural Heritage post-graduate programme at Auckland University.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description 'Communities reconnecting with taonga: Toi Hauiti and Artefacts of Encounter' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Lecture for the Museums and Cultural Heritage post-graduate programme at Auckland University.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description 'Community Collaborations: reclaiming frameworks of cultural knowledge' 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact A paper presented at the Artefacts of Encounter workshop organised at the Project's conclusion in May 2013.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
 
Description 'Connecting People and Artefacts through Digital Research Environments' 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Conference paper delivered to the National Digital Forum, Wellington, New Zealand.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
 
Description 'Contact Networks for Digital Reciprocation' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Paper presented at the Revisiting the Contact Zone conference, Linkoping, Sweden which considered how museums were utilising digital technologies in their relationships with indigenous stakeholders.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description 'Contact Networks for Digital Reciprocation' 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact A seminar presented to staff and students at the Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, Cambridge.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
 
Description 'Curating and Collecting taonga' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact A lecture for the Museums and Cultural Heritage post-graduate programme at Auckland University.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description 'Defining Taonga tuku iho' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact A lecture for the Museums and Cultural Heritage post-graduate programme at the University of Auckland.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description 'Diasporic Objects: Working with Pacific Collections' 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact A presentation and discussion as part of the MPhil in Anthropology a the University of Cambridge.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
 
Description 'Digital Reciprocation and Contact Networks' 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact A paper given as part of a cross-museum seminar focusing on digital technologies. The work of the Artefacts of Encounter project was used as a case study.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
 
Description 'Digital Technologies and Artefacts of Encounter' 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact A paper presented at the Digital Subjects Cultural Objects workshop organised as part of the Artefacts of Encounter project in Auckland.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
 
Description 'Encounters in 18th century Polynesia' 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Invited to present a paper as part of the Material Visual and Digital Culture seminar series at University College London.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
 
Description 'Estonia's Pacific Collections' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Lecture at the Museum Ethnographers Group Conference in Edinburgh in April 2012, focusing on research carried out in Estonia.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description 'From taonga overseas to overseas taonga here' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Lecture for the Museums and Cultural Heritage post-graduate programme at Auckland University.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description 'Introduction to Auckland Museum's Maori Collections' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Lecture for the Museums and Cultural Heritage post-gradate programme at Auckland University.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description 'Introduction to Auckland Museum's Maori Collections' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Lecture for the Museums and Cultural Heritage post-gradate programme at Auckland University.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description 'Islanders: art and history in the Pacific' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact The William Fagg Memorial Lecture.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description 'KIWA and Artefacts of Encounter' 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Invited seminar presentation to the staff of Auckland Museum.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
 
Description 'KIWA: Contact Networks and Digital Reciprocation' 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact A paper presented at the workshop organised as part of the Artefacts of Encounter project in Vancouver.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
 
Description 'KIWA: Reflections on Artefacts of Encounter' 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact A paper presented at the workshop organised to mark the conclusion of the Artefacts of Encounter Project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
 
Description 'Missionary Heritage in New Caledonia' 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Short paper presented at a workshop entitled: Who Cares? Missionary Heritage held in Edinburgh in November 2012.

Workshop led to a major international conference held at the University of Cambridge in 2014.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description 'Museum Interventions' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact A lecture for the Museums and Cultural Heritage post-graduate programme at the University of Auckland.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description 'Museums and the Internet: Digital Reciprocation' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Lecture given as part of a conference entitled 'The Shape of Things' held at Leicester University.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description 'Out of Place: Art and History in Oceania' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Invited lecture at the Bard Graduate Centre in New York.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description 'Out of the Box: Working with Pacific Collections' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A lecture given as part of the University of Cambridge's Festival of Science in March 2012.

Section not completed
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description 'Pacific Art in European Museums' 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Invited to participate in 'Ngai Tai Research & Capability' an event which aimed to showcase and celebrate the postgraduate research capacity within network of those affiliated to Maori tribe or iwi, Ngai Tai.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
 
Description 'Pacific Presences: European Museums and Oceanic Art 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Invited lecture to the Department of Anthropology at SOAS
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description 'Pacific Presences: Oceanic Art and European Museums' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Invited lecture at the Institute of Historical Research, University of London
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description 'Pare Kura: a spectacular feather headdress' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Report highlighting research relating to MAA collections, focusing on a spectacular feather and human hair headdress from the Cook Islands, collected by English missionaries in the 1820s.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description 'Te Ataakura' 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact A seminar paper given at the Nga Pae o te Maramatanga's International Research Advisory Panel Symposium.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
 
Description 'Te Maori, Te Maori:Te Hokinga Mai' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Invited lecture for the Museums and Cultural Heritage post-graduate programme at the University of Auckland.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description 'Te Rauata: A digital resource for Toi Hauiti' 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact A talk given to Maori community members regarding the building of the bespoke digital resource created as part of the Artefacts of Encounter project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
 
Description 'The Legacies of Bernard Smith' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Keynote lecture delivered at the University of Melbourne, Australia
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description 'The Wharenui as a taonga and house of stories' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact A lecture for the Museums and Cultural Heritage post-graduate programme at the University of Auckland.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description 'Toi o Tamaki - Maori Art at the Auckland Art Gallery' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact A lecture for the Museums and Cultural Heritage post-graduate programme at Auckland University.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description 'Tongan Feathered Headdresses in Madrid and Vienna' 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact A presentation to the Tonga Research Association in Auckland, New Zealand.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
 
Description 'Unravelling the Spanish legacy' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Lecture based on new findings discovered through research visits to the Museo de America in Madrid. Presented at the Pacific Arts Association, Europe conference.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description 'Unwrapping Gods' 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact A presentation to staff and students as part of the Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology's lunchtime seminar series.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
 
Description 'Unwrapping Polynesia' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Member of panel presenting in session entitled 'Power of the Pacific in European museums' at the European Society for Oceanists conference.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description 'Unwrapping gods: illuminating encounters with gods, comets and missionaries' 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Invited presentation to the inter-disciplinary workshop 'Things: Material Cultures of the Long Eighteenth Century', co-hosted by Professor Adriana Craciun (Department of English, University California Riverside) and Professor Simon Schaffer (History and Philosophy of Science, University of Cambridge).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
 
Description 'Walking Back into the Future: Maori Art Past into Present' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Evening presentation to Art Fund UK members at reception hosted by His Excellency, High Commissioner for New Zealand, Derek Leaske.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description 'Working with communities using contact networks' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact A lecture given as part of the 'Brave New Worlds - Transforming Museum Ethnography through Technology' conference organised by the Museum Ethnographers Group.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description 'Worshipping Things' 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Lunchtime event for 'Things: Early Modern Material Culture' seminar series in which two papers are presented around a central theme; co-presented with Dr. Mary Laven (History Faculty, University of Cambridge).

Podcast available: http://sms.cam.ac.uk/media/1336969
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
 
Description Anthropology, Translation, and the 'crisis of Otherness' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact First of a series of four invited lectures addressing theoretical and methodological topics explored in the project, at the Post Graduate Program in Anthropology, Universidade Federal de São Carlos, Brazil. This lecture rehearsed the vigorous challenges to anthropology laid down by postcolonial activists and scholars in the 1980s and 1990s, and framed the discipline's current interest in questions of ontology as a response to this 'crisis of Otherness'.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Artefacts of Encounter or Artefacts of Engagement? 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact A paper presented at the Artefacts of Encounter workshop organised to mark the conclusion of the project in May 2013.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
 
Description Artefacts of Encounter: Ethnography's 'ontological turn' and 'cross-cultural translation' 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Invited presentation to the departmental seminar of the Department of Anthropology, University of Brasilia, Brazil. The seminar addressed theoretical and methodological issues explored in the project, in particular the roles played by bodies, gifts and other artefacts in situations of "cross-cultural encounter" in relation to language and translation.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
 
Description Artefacts of Encounter: Re-thinking Social Transformation 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Invited presentation to the departmental seminar of the Department of Anthropology, University of Sao Carlos, Brazil. The seminar discussed theoretical aspects of the Artefacts of Encounter project, in particular new approaches to questions surrounding the possibility of "intercultural understanding" opened by attention to questions of ontology (what different peoples hold to exist).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
 
Description Artefacts of Encounter: Theorizing Social Transformation 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Invited presentation on the project and related issues to the Institut für Ethnologie, Georg-August-Universität Göttingen.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
 
Description Digital Subjects, Cultural Objects 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Departmental seminar presentation at the Department of Anthropology, University of Auckland, discussing the Artefacts of Encounter project and particularly issues surrounding the interest on the part of present-day Pacific communities in digitising aspects of their heritage including artefacts associated with early European voyages of Pacific exploration.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
 
Description Incommensurability and untranslatability 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Third of a series of four invited lectures addressing theoretical and methodological topics explored in the project, at the Post Graduate Program in Anthropology, Universidade Federal de São Carlos, Brazil. This lecture explored the idea of 'incommensurable' or 'untranslatable' differences between people(s) in philosophy, history of science, and anthropology.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Introduction: Artefacts of Encounter 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Keynote presentation to the workshop Artefacts of Encounter: 1765-1840, the concluding event of the project. The presentation offered an overview of key project findings and plans for further research.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
 
Description Keynote 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Keynote lecture delivered at the European Society for Oceanists conference in 2012.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Keynote Lecture 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Keynote delivered at the 'Oceans' Conference held at the University of London.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Museums, Communities and the Internet: Digital reciprocation 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Seminar presented to the Museum Studies MA students at the University of Leicester.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
 
Description Museums, Communities and the Internet: Digital research environments 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact A lecture given as part of the Networked Humanities Conference.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Political Futures 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Fourth of a series of four invited lectures addressing theoretical and methodological topics explored in the project, at the Post Graduate Program in Anthropology, Universidade Federal de São Carlos, Brazil. This lecture addressed the politics of 'ontological' approaches in anthropology, particularly within postcolonial contexts.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description The Scotsman and the Maori 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Television documentary on present-day importance of historical ethnographic collections, with a focus on the films of James Ingram McDonald, commissioned by New Zealand's Dominion Museum. Featuring McDonald's descendants Anne and Amiria Salmond.

Documentary first screened on the public Maori Television channel on 23 April 2011. Open-access full-length video of documentary continuously available via Maori Television website: http://www.maoritelevision.com/tv/shows/pakipumeka-aotearoa/S02E001/scots
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
URL http://www.maoritelevision.com/tv/shows/pakipumeka-aotearoa/S02E001/scotsman-and-maori
 
Description Tupaia's Endeavour 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Tupaia's Endeavour is a documentary that interprets the fateful events of Captain Cook's arrival in the Pacific through the eyes of people of the Pacific. Tupaia was a Tahitian high priest who took the opportunity to board the Endeavour and accompany it into unchartered waters. He became a diplomat, politician, artist and interpreter on the voyage and to many Maori it appeared as if it was he, not Cook, who commanded the Endeavour. This is his story and, through him, a Pacific version of Cooks first voyage. Documentary featuring interviews with the PI and International Co-investigator in Cambridge, during which artefacts acquired on Cook's first voyage were examined together with noted Pacific artist Michel Tuffery.

Documentary featuring interviews with the PI and International Co-investigator in Cambridge, during which artefacts acquired on Cook's first voyage were examined together with noted Pacific artist Michel Tuffery.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
URL http://worldview.cba.org.uk/film/tupaias-endeavour/
 
Description What is anthropology's so-called 'ontological turn'? 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Second of a series of four invited lectures addressing theoretical and methodological topics explored in the project, at the Post Graduate Program in Anthropology, Universidade Federal de São Carlos, Brazil. This lecture explored anthropology's recent enthusiasm for discussing matters of 'ontology', including common themes among diverse 'ontological' approaches.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013