Political Cultures in South Asia

Lead Research Organisation: University College London
Department Name: Anthropology

Abstract

This project is part of an international joint research programme which envisions new anthropological strategies to study ideas and practices of democracy and popular politics cross-culturally. By focusing on the legal and economic aspects of local cultures of popular sovereignty in India, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Nepal it complements research currently conducted by the programme on leadership, law and order and democratic legitimacy in South Asia (AISMA - FP7-Ideas-ERC). More specifically the topics to be researched in six ethnographic settings relate to 'cultures of litigiousness' - political ethnographies in the courts - and 'business cultures' and politics. The project will generate new empirical data and will integrate case-specific knowledge into a cross-regional framework. Central to the research is the production of policy relevant research in the fields of democracy, development and security in collaboration with the Department for International Development (DFID).

Publications

10 25 50
 
Description The project complements research conducted by AISMA ('An Anthropological Investigation of Muscular Politics' - funded by ERC) which mapped the relation between crime and democratic politics in South Asia. More specifically it focuses on the legal and economic aspects of cultures of popular sovereignty in six sites in India, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Nepal and UK (London, Tower Hamlets). Fieldwork and analysis of data for this project covered the following research spheres:

Research sphere 1: 'Cultures of litigiousness' and politics.
Investigators mapped out out local cultures of litigiousness and their choreographies within courts of law, from the Supreme to the Session Court level in Delhi, Dhaka and Islamabad to district courts, caste/community panchayats and informal processes of adjudication by strongmen. One of the leading research questions is: where do people get justice from?

Research sphere 2: 'Mafia South Asian style': ethnographies of extra-legal forms of accumulation.

We bridge political economy analysis and in depth anthropological investigations to examining the workings of a variety of il/legal economic sectors popularly referred to with the term 'mafia' - as in coal, water, sand, land, quarries, meat, oil and not the least in cinema. How do such mafia-like formations work? Who controls and regulates them? Who loses out and who gains from them? What are the implications of economic illegality for party politics?

Key Findings:
• There is a marked juridicialization of social and political conflicts and the simultaneous employment of legal and extra-legal systems of justice both in rural and urban settings
• Justice and impunity are highly commodified
• Ballooning black economies are governed by extra-legal entities. These are contexts ripe for `private protection industries ('mafias') to spring up
• The mafias are at the apex of much more extensive criminal economic systems which in order to function need to be symbiotically related to formal, registered and regulated institutions and 'the political' sphere.
• The 'mafias' we encountered in the field do not have long-running histories. These are often new entities that make strategic use of caste and community kinship connections and cultural idioms but are not necessarily structured by them.
Exploitation Route Publications and wider dissemination in UK and India, Pakistan and Bangladesh. Engagement with Dfid.
Sectors Creative Economy,Environment,Government, Democracy and Justice,Security and Diplomacy

 
Description - Investigators have used insights garnered from this project to transfer specialist knowledge and provide scholarly advice to legal experts dealing with Indian, Pakistani and Bangladeshi immigration and asylum cases of political nature and with ramification legal battles in London/UK courts and in France. Members of the team also engaged British, French and Belgium officers in charge of granting asylum status in their respective country. - DIFD (Department of International Development) was identified at the inception of the project as one of the main beneficiaries of our research outside academia. 'Organised crime' remains a neglected concept in the study of political corruption. Our work shows how local 'mafias' and their bosses govern corruption transactions through muscular systems of political and economic governance. Knowledge of such systems of enforcement, their organization and temporalities is crucial to understand the persistence of poor service delivery in the studied settings and beyond them. These emerging findings have been transferred via: 1) The Advisory Board: As member of the Advisory Board, Dr Evans (DFID's central Research and Evidence Division Director) directly collaborated with the team in forging stakeholders reference groups in India, Pakistan and Bangladesh and connected the project with a wide range of organisations, including the World Bank, specialised anti-corruption, elections watch and transparency agencies, as well as organisations and NGOs working on conflict, corruption and violence. 2) In loco collaboration with researchers: Various members of the research team have maintained regular contacts and provide regular debriefs to DFID representatives in Delhi, Islamabad and Dhaka over the past four years. 3) Workshops: We held the first policy oriented workshop at the DFID India's office in January 2013. Relevant researchers within DFID, DFID NGO programme and UK government in Delhi were present. We had run workshops with in loco stake holders and academics in Bangladesh (Sylhet March 2015) and Pakistan (Lahore, February 2016) and planning a workshop at Dfid headquarters in London in 2016. 4) Working papers: The analysis/writing up phase of the project started in September 2014. We produced a number of Working Papers which have been circulated to the DFID team. Since the beginning of the project a bimonthly newsletter provided regular updates from the field investigators to the members of the research programme and collaborators.
First Year Of Impact 2013
Sector Government, Democracy and Justice
Impact Types Societal,Policy & public services

 
Description UCL Global Challenge
Amount £850 (GBP)
Organisation University College London 
Department Grand Challenges Global Health
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK)
Start 07/2016 
End 12/2016
 
Description King's College (University of Cambridge) 2012-2014 
Organisation University of Cambridge
Department King's College Cambridge
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK) 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Seconded for two years Research Fellow Anastasia Piliviasky
Collaborator Contribution Allow research and expertise in the field of crime and politics in Rajasthan
Impact Edit volume with members of team by Anastasia Piliviasky - Patronage as Politics In South Asia
Start Year 2012
 
Description University of Madras - David Picherit 
Organisation University of Madras
Country India, Republic of 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Dr David Picherit taught and presented a series of lectures during his affiliation to the Department (2012-2013) r
Collaborator Contribution Provided affiliation and intellectual environment for Dr David Picherit during his research in South India for the project 'Political Cultures in South Asia'
Impact NA
Start Year 2012
 
Description University of Oslo - Arild Ruud - International Co-Investigator 
Organisation University of Oslo
Country Norway, Kingdom of 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Cover the salary for Prof. Arild Ruud (at 25 % FTE his salary fully funded by the University of Oslo) research in the project Political Cultures in South Asia
Collaborator Contribution Ruud's ethnographic expertise of Bangladesh are crucial to the project. His research responsibilities includes the coordination of staff (co-mentoring of the Post-Doctoral Researcher based in Syleth ) and impact activities in Bangladesh
Impact NA
Start Year 2012
 
Description "Electoral adjudication and impunity in a provincial town in Western Uttar Pradesh 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact discussion about election malpractices in South Asia
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description - Lucia Michelutti - Mafia Raj: The Rule of Strongmen in South Asia, Lums, Lahore (Pakistan), 16th February 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Discussion of output: 'Mafia Raj'. The rule of bossism in South Asia. Team presentation. Discussion sparked questions about gender politics and impact of muscular politics on the lives of ordinary people across the subcontinent.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description A Human Democracy (Talk by A. Piliavsky, Meeting of the Cambridge Vic e-Chancellor's Circle of Advisors in Delhi 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact talked was very well received and sparked discussion afterwards

rise visibility of project and UK research on India in South Asia
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Amid Fun & Frolic, India Serious on Ballot (media) A. Piliavsky, olumn in THE TIMES OF INDIA, 6 December 2013., p2 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact rise profile of project

Increased request for further information
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Arild Ruud - Blogs Blogs (all fokusindia.no, a Norwegian language blog on India and South Asia affairs) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact India, av Joar Hoel Larsen. Book review. fokusindia.no 27 January 2016 Odd-even, virker det? fokusindia.no 17 January 2016 En overraskende vending. fokusindia.no 8 December 2015 Mot normalt. fokusindia.no 3 September 2015 Modis akilleshæl. fokusindia.no 31 May 2015 Pakistan og Kina, bhai-bhai. fokusindia.no 23 April 2015 Kashmir, vårløsning eller skred? fokusindia.no 25 February 2015 Kejriwal, zindabad! fokusindia.no 10 February 2015 Obama goes to Delhi. fokusindia.no 5 February 2015 Frende er frende værst. fokusindia.no 5 January 2015
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014,2015
 
Description Ashraf Hoque Blog 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact 'Bangladesh blogger killing have roots in independence struggle'. The Conversation, 13 May 2015
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL https://theconversation.com/bangladesh-blogger-killings-have-roots-in-independence-struggle-41717
 
Description Ashraf Hoque 'The Artist' in Mafia Raj: the rule of Strongmen in South Asia. Project Team meeting Bangladesh 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Project Team meeting - Democratic Cultures - Bangladesh - engagement with local academics
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Ashraf Hoque - Guest Speaker on Shamaj Views: 'Tower Hamlets: History, Local Politics, and Trial of Lutfur Rahman' on Betar Bangla Radio 1503AM, April 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Guest Speaker on Shamaj Views: 'Tower Hamlets: History, Local Politics, and Trial of Lutfur Rahman' on Betar Bangla Radio 1503AM, April 2015
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL https://soundcloud.com/shamajviews/tower-hamlets-history-local-politics-and-trial-of-lutfur-rahman#t...
 
Description Ashraf Hoque - Guest Speaker on Shamaj Views: 'Tower Hamlets: History, Local Politics, and Trial of Lutfur Rahman' on Betar Bangla Radio 1503AM, April 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Guest Speaker on Shamaj Views: 'Tower Hamlets: History, Local Politics, and Trial of Lutfur Rahman' on Betar Bangla Radio 1503AM, April 2015
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL https://soundcloud.com/shamajviews/tower-hamlets-history-local-politics-and-trial-of-lutfur-rahman#t...
 
Description Ashraf Hoque -Guest Speaker on Shamaj Views: 'Political Blackness and Solidarity' on Betar Bangla Radio 1503AM, February 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Guest Speaker on Shamaj Views: 'Political Blackness and Solidarity' on Betar Bangla Radio 1503AM, February 2015
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL https://soundcloud.com/shamajviews/political-blackness-and-solidarity
 
Description Ashraf Hoque, The Conversation 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Blog Ashraf Hoque, The Conversation
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://scroll.in/author/1926
 
Description Ashraf Hoque. Meanings of Citizenship in South Asia, Oxford Department of International Development, University of Oxford, May 28, 2015: 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact 50 people attended conference. Topic: citizenship in South Asia.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Barbara Harriss White - THE WILD EAST - London School of Economics 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Talks at the London School of Economics - about 50 persons were present. Lively discussion on the relation between politics and criminal economies.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Barbara Harriss White - THE WILD EAST - Oxford University - Queen Elisabeth House 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Seminar Talk - south Asian Seminar
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Barbara Harriss-White on Demonetisation (Part 1) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Barbara Harriss-White on Demonetisation (Part 1) and (Part)
Interview in Indian newspaper Madras Courier
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.madrascourier.com/barbara-harriss-white-on-demonetisation-part-1/
 
Description Blog on Bangladesh Election Campaing 2014 by Arild Ruud 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Intense Debate on the blog

Increased interest in the Elections in Bangladesh
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL https://mygoldenbengal.wordpress.com/2014/01/24/
 
Description Clarinda Still, University of Oxford (organised by the Oxford India Society), 2nd May 2015: 'India's Daughter: attitudes towards gender based violence in India'. Presentation on 'Caste and Rape' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact University of Oxford (organised by the Oxford India Society), 2nd May 2015: 'India's Daughter: attitudes towards gender based violence in India'. Presentation on 'Caste and Rape' and participation in a panel discussion with film director, Leslee Udwin and policy maker and feminist activist, Dr Devaki Jain. Audience: approx. 300 people including journalists, students, civil society, academics. South Asian countries reported to.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Clarinda Still: 'Rape and honour: A resurgence of patriarchy across the classes and castes?' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact University of East Anglia, conference Gender Relations and Rising Inequalities, 6th - 8th July 2015. Paper presentation entitled: 'Rape and honour: A resurgence of patriarchy across the classes and castes?'. Audience approx. 70 people, mainly academics but also development practitioners.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description David Gellner - 'New Identity Politics and the 2012 Collapse of Nepal's Constituent Assembly: When the Dominant Becomes Other'; 4th Annual Kathmandu Conference on Nepal and the Himalaya 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact 'New Identity Politics and the 2012 Collapse of Nepal's Constituent Assembly: When the Dominant Becomes Other'; 4th Annual Kathmandu Conference on Nepal and the Himalaya. Shanker Hotel, Kathmandu, Nepal; c. 200 conference attendees (mostly students and faculty from Nepal, and academics working on Nepal); Nepal.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description David Gellner - Ethnogenesis and Open Borders: Reflections on Nepal's Tarai-Madhesh and What Went Wrong in India Nepal Relations'; National Institute of Advanced Studies (NIAS), Indian Institute of Science Campus, Bengaluru (Bangalore) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact attended by academics attached to NIAS, interested public, and some Indian civil service officers on special course at NIAS, about 70 in all; India/Nepal.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description David Gellner, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok; 16th Feb 2015; 'Borderlands in Northern South Asia'; Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand; a 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact (1) Lecture, to students and faculty at Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok; 16th Feb 2015; 'Borderlands in Northern South Asia'; Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand; attendance c. 120; India/Nepal
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description David Picherit - Criminal politics in South Asia. NORIA (Network of Researchers in International Affairs) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Criminal politics in South Asia. NORIA (Network of Researchers in International Affairs). Lively debate about the nature of crime in South asia
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description David Picherit, Political violence and subaltern studies. Department of Anthropology Paris Ouest Nanterre La Défense, France. 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Political violence and subaltern studies. Department of Anthropology Paris Ouest Nanterre La Défense, France. 15 march 2015.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description David Picherit, Strongmen in South India - Talk 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact Strongmen in South India. Laboratoire d'Ethnologie et de Sociologie Comparative, University Paris Ouest Nanterre La Défense, France.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description David Picherit, The making of debt-bondage: a political perspective. Labour Market Trends in India and Youth Employment: Some Concerns 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact The making of debt-bondage: a political perspective. Labour Market Trends in India and Youth Employment: Some Concerns.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Doing Research on 'muscular politics'. ERC, "Ethics in research - new challenges from the Social Sciences", Brussels, 26-27 November 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation on the ethics of doing research on powerful illegal actors. Issues of anonymisation and protection of sources.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Doing ethnographic fieldwork in Pak istan - For doctoral Students (Paul Rollier) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Teaching workshop about how do to do fieldwork in Pakistan

Increased interest in doing anthropological research in Pakistan
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Election Observer Nepal (2013) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/parliamentarians
Results and Impact Article in Asian Affairs


In spite of all the difficulties, the November 2013 elections in Nepal passed off for the most part peacefully and with fewer irregularities than ever before in Nepal. The electoral system was the same as the system used in 2008, with a combination of First Past the Post and Proportional Representation. The results were a defeat for the Maoists, who went from being the biggest single party to the third biggest party. The victors were the two older established parties, the Nepali Congress and the Unified Marxist-Leninists, who seem to have benefitted from the voters dissatisfaction with the Maoists' showing in government. The second big losers in the election were the parties who favoured an ethnic-based solution to Nepal's problems, though the relationship between the Madheshis and the centre remains an unsolved problem.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Governance and Maintenance of Gender Relations: A Comparative Study of Law and Society (Dhaka) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact 'Governance and Maintenance of Gender Relations: A Comparative Study of Law and Society, University of Dhaka, Department of Law & The British Council, February 23, 2015: 'Brushing with Organised Crime and Democracy: the art of "making do" in South Asia'
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Lucia Michelutti 'Theologies of protection. Desi Mafia and the 'Offer One Can't Refuse'. Seminar. Gottingen University, 6th May 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Seminar at Gottingen University. Discussion about Mafia Indian Style and issues of security and insecurity.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Lucia Michelutti - - Mafia Raj: The Rule of Strongmen in South Asia, Institute of Advance Studies, UCL, 10th February 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Discussion of preliminary findings project 'South Asian political Cultures'. Questions focus on the challenges of doing research on powerful illegal actors.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Lucia Michelutti - Bossism in South Asia. Project team meeting. Sylhet (Bangladesh), 20-24th March 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Project team meeting in Bangladesh. Engagement with local academics and discussion about South Asian Bossism.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Lucia Michelutti - How to study extortion, University of Copenhagen and Dignity, 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact How to study things which are supposed to stay secret? How to study extortion? The talk spark discussion on methodology and the ethics of participant observation.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Lucia Michelutti - Mafia Raj: The Rule of Strongmen in South Asia, FCC College, Lahore (Pakistan). 17th February 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Discussion of team project output: 'Mafia Raj': The rule of Bosses in South Asia. Lively discussion which sparked questions about the impact of the research on systems of 'criminal political' governance which affect the lives of ordinary people across South Asia.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Lucia Michelutti - Talk Lady Dabang. Project team meeting, Bergen, 15th June 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Writing workshop: output: Mafia Raj. The rule of bosses in South Asia. Book Manuscript
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Lucia Michelutti - Talk Lady Dabang. Project team meeting, Bergen, 15th June 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Writing workshop: output: Mafia Raj. The rule of bosses in South Asia. Book Manuscript
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Media Briefings: http://www.dhak atribune.com/search/ node/arild%20engelsen 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Rise profile of project and our research

Reported higher interest from colleagues and public
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.dhakatribune.com/search/node/arild%20engelsen
 
Description Nicolas Martin -Rural Elites and the Limits of Scheduled Caste assertiveness in rural Malwa, Punjab 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Department of Conflict and Development Studies, Ghent, Belgium, 21st of February 2016.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Nicolas Martin, 'Private Greed versus the Public Good in the Indian Punjab' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Paper presented at workshop on 'Public Authority, Sovereignty and Violent Contestation in South Asia' in Ghent, Belgium, 11-12 June 2015
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Panel at Development Studies Association Conference Oxford - September ' Bossism in South Asia' organised by Lucia Michelutti and Barbara Harriss-White 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact 'The art of bossing': the impact of muscular politics on everyday lives across South Asia

Author: Lucia Michelutti (University College London) email
Short Abstract

Presentation book manuscript 'Mafia Raj': The rule of Bosses in South Asia' by Lucia Michelutti, Ashraf Hoque, Nicolas Martin, David Picherit, Paul Rollier, Aril Ruud and Clarinda Still.
Long Abstract

Through 'the figure of the boss', we map out ethnographically how bosses and aspiring bosses rule; their statecraft techniques and contingent legitimaties across India, Pakistan and Bangladesh. We highlight local spheres of criminality and their relations (or autonomy) with formal politics in seven settings. In the talk we argue that a focus on the 'de facto' micro-dynamics of (criminal) power (rather than on 'state effects' and 'discourse of corruption') unravels how bosses exercise control over people's lives; the systems of intimidation and uncertainty they create; and help to shed light on the opportunities and fantasies of power that such systems forge. In particular we focus on the impacts of bossism on the everyday lives of citizens and discuss how and why 'Mafia Raj' regimes remain largely uncontested and go hand in hand with competitive electoral democracies and high level of popular political participation.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.nomadit.co.uk/dsa/dsa2016/panels.php5?PanelID=4585
 
Description Paul Rollier "The social life of earthquakes in South Asia", as part of "Conference HSG Awareness Nepal" 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact • type: presentation to general public
• date: 21st May 2015
• title: "the social life of earthquakes in South Asia", as part of "Conference HSG Awareness Nepal".
• place: University of St Gallen (Switzerland)
• type of audience: scientific community, students
• number of guests: 40
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Paul Rollier : "The vanishing wrestler: illegality and criminal mediation in urban Pakistan" 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact • type: presentation to general public
• date: Jan. 8th 2015
• title: "The vanishing wrestler: illegality and criminal mediation in urban Pakistan"
• place: Center for the Study of Pakistan Seminar Series, SOAS (University of London).
• type of audience: scientific community, students
• number of guests: a few dozens
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Paul Rollier, Group presentation on 'Muscular Politics' in South Asia 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact • type: presentation to general public
• date: 17 Feb. 2016
• title: Group presentation on Muscular Politics in South Asia
• place: Forman Christian College, Lahore, Pakistan
• type of audience: scientific community
• number of guests: 30
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Paul Rollier, Group presentation on 'Muscular Politics' in South Asia 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact • type: presentation to general public
• date: 16 Feb. 2016
• title: Group presentation on 'Muscular Politics' in South Asia
• place: Lahore University of Management Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan
• type of audience: scientific community
• number of guests: 25
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Paul Rollier, Law, land, words: the attack on Joseph Colony in Lahore (Conference on Urbanism, Exclusion and Change in South Asia) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact • type: presentation to general public
• date: March 6th 2016
• title: Law, land, words: the attack on Joseph Colony in Lahore (Conference on Urbanism, Exclusion and Change in South Asia)
• place: Lahore University of Management Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan
• type of audience: scientific community
• number of guests: 30
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Paul Rollier, Of blasphemy and arson: violence against Christians in contemporary Pakistan 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact • type: presentation to general public
• date: Nov 2, 2015
• title: Of blasphemy and arson: violence against Christians in contemporary Pakistan
• place: Department of Culture Studies and Oriental Languages, University of Oslo, Norway
• type of audience: scientific community,students
• number of guests: 30
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Paul Rollier, Presentation on social marginalization of Christians and Shias in Pakistan, for a group of French and Belgium officers in charge of granting asylum status in their respective country. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact • type: presentation
• date: 26 Feb. 2016
• title: Presentation on social marginalization of Christians and Shias in Pakistan, for a group of French and Belgium officers in charge of granting asylum status in their respective country.
• place: OFPRA (Office français de protection des réfugiés et apatrides)
• type of audience: policy makers
• number of guests : 15
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Paul Rollier, Sectarian conflict and Shia identities in Pakistan 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact • type: presentation to general public
• date: 19 Nov. 2015
• title: Sectarian conflict and Shia identities in Pakistan
• place: Observatoire de l'Afghanistan et du Pakistan, Direction Générale des Relations Internationales et de la Stratégie, France.
• type of audience: scientific community, policy makers
• number of guests: 15
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Paul Rollier, Sectarianism and the politics of Shii ritual in contemporary Pakistan 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact • type: presentation to general public
• date: 3rd nov. 2015
• title: Sectarianism and the politics of Shii ritual in contemporary Pakistan
• place: Asia Network, Norwegian Institute of International Affairs (NUPI), Norway.
• type of audience: scientific community, civil society, policy makers
• number of guests: 20
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Presentation 'Competing visions of Muslim identity in contemporary Pakistan' (Paul Rollier, Institute of Islamic Studies, Freie Universität, Berlin) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact talk sparked questions and discussion

Increased request about information about research findings
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Presentation 'Election Crimes in India' - By Lucia Michelutti University of Oxford 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact talked spared questions and discussion after all on the role of organized crime in Indian politics and in particular elections

Interest from other colleagues and press
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Presentation 'What is democracy' By A. Ruud, Barisal University, Bangladesh 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Lively discussion

Increased interest in the project
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Presentation of project (Political Cultures in South Asia) By Lucia Michelutti, University of Hyderabad 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Share information about rise of criminal politics in South asia

Collaboration with local academics and activists
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Presentation of project and discussion with Dfid India New Delhi 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Research collaboration with Dfid India on everyday violence and gender and the relation between business and poltiics

Interest from Dfid Bangladesh and Dfid Pakistan
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Project Presentation 'Muscular Politics in India' - Centre for Social Development (CDS), Hyderabad 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/parliamentarians
Results and Impact Shared information about our research on culture of litigiousness and politics in South Asia with academic and law practitioners

Increased interest in our research and further collaboration
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Sovereignty and kinship across India and Venezuela. Invited Talked (Lucia Michelutti).Doing Politics Making Kinship, International workshop, Free Berlin University 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation keynote/invited speaker
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Discussion on kinship and politics

Increase in request for further information
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.ethnologie.uni-bayreuth.de/de/news/Doing-Politics---Makin-Kinship/Doing-politics-making-k...
 
Description Talk by Ashraf Hoque Ashraf Hoque: "The Politics of Pragmatism: local elections in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets" and Sanjay Kumar: "Electoral malpractices in Indian Election: Evidences from recent Assembly Elections. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact As above
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Talk By Lucia Michelutti Doing ethnographies across Areas Studies (South Asia and Latin America). Social Sciences and Area Specialisation in Research Methods Teaching: Linking Research and Teaching Practice, University of Oxford 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact discussion on comparative research and methodology

Further request of information
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description Talk and workshop on Myth and Criminality - Transgresser, manœuvrer, héroïser : Fabrique des violences économiques et politiques organized by David Picherit and Lucia Michelutti- Nanterre Univeristy Paris 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Transgresser, manœuvrer, héroïser : Fabrique des violences économiques et politiques
Presenters and papers:
Michelutti Lucia, UCL - Picherit David CNRS - LESC Gangster Heroes: Myth Scripting in South Asia
LamotteMartin, Laboratoire d'Anthropologie Sociale, Paris, Les fils de Carlos : Histoire d'une sanctification gangster?
Bathaïe Azita, Aix-Marseille Université, CNRS, IDEMEC, LabexMed << Ce ne sont pas mes héros ! >>. La fabrique du héros national afghan et les
problèmes de légitimation dans la période de (re)construction
Rollier Paul, University of St. Gallen Blasphemy and the production of religious difference in Pakistan: Mumtaz Qadri
Hoque Ashraf, University College of London The heroic self-made man: the mastaan in Bangladesh
Debos Marielle, Institut de Sciences Politiques, Université Paris Nanterre Governing the inter-war in Chad: impunity and 'unnumbered decrees' in the
margins of the war
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://calenda.org/386777?file=1
 
Description Talk by Ashraf Hoque The Politics of Pragmatism: the Bangladeshi community in Tower Hamlets - UCL 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact The Politics of Pragmatism: the Bangladeshi community in Tower Hamlets
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.soas.ac.uk/migrationdiaspora/seminarsevents/seminarseries/21jan2015-the-politics-of-prag...
 
Description Talk by Lucia Michelutti 'Mafia Raj: The rule of bosses in South Asia' - seminar - Sussex University 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Talk with academics and post graduate students
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://freeuniversitybrighton.org/events/mafia-raj-the-rule-of-bosses-in-south-asia/
 
Description Talk by Lucia Michelutti 'The age of the boss' - Madison University South Asian Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Talk about role of charisma and personalistic politics
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Talk by Paul Rollier - University of Olso 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Title of lecture: Religious Belonging in Pakistan: Ritual, language, and the production of 'minorities'

Sectarian attacks, Islamist militancy and the marginalization of Pakistan's religious minorities are often understood as proceeding from an undue emphasis on Sunni Islam at the heart of Pakistani nationalism. Mainstream analyses tend to privilege a top-down, security-orientated view of religious formations that conceal much of the everyday processes and reasoning through which ordinary Pakistanis come to think about and perform religious belonging.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.facebook.com/events/1721491234808304/
 
Description Talks by David Picherit: "Like a drug - Fun, hope and violence in Andhra Pradesh elections" Clarinda Still & Srinivas Dusi: "Vote-buying in elections in rural South India" 14.20; Nicolas Martin: "A 'Two Track' democracy? Violence and coercion in Punjab Block Samiti elections" Satendra Kumar: "Elections and political imagination: The culture of political participation in a North Indian village"; Shashank Chaturvedi, David N. Gellner and Sanjay Kumar Pandey: "The evolution o 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Workshop on electoral malpractices in South Asia - presenting project results
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016