Beyond Greenspace: linking ecological, socioeconomic and health data to deepen our understanding of relationships between nature, health and wellbeing

Lead Research Organisation: University of Exeter
Department Name: Peninsula Medical School

Abstract

Existing evidence indicates that natural environments may be a significant positive resource for health and wellbeing. For example they provide opportunities for physical activity and for rest and relaxation. However, the evidence for this is mixed and not entirely clear. This might be partly due to the fact that much of the research has considered natural areas generically as ‘greenspace’, where all environments, from urban parks to wild moorland to forests, are considered equal. Contemporary environmental and health policy also reflect this generalisation of natural environments.



This project will address these important knowledge and policy gaps by using the power of existing (secondary) UK data resources. It will geographically link data from large scale surveys (including 2011 Census, Understanding Society and 1958 birth cohort) with national and local ecological datasets.



The research will also investigate how these relationships differ by rural/urban context and socio-economic status. The research team will work with key policy and practice partners, and will implement a series of activities to ensure that the research is effective and beneficial. It is anticipated that deepening our understanding of nature-health relationships will lead to evidence-based policy and practice development, and consequent health and environmental improvement and protection.


Planned Impact

This research involving three key project partners has the potential to result in tangible advances in methodology and knowledge which will be of immediate relevance for health and environmental management, policy and practice. Specifically we expect the following sector-oriented impacts:

Health and Social Care Sector: There is increasing interest in: 1) the environmental determinants of health; and 2) how natural environments can be used to support good health. This research will contribute further understanding in relation to both these points. The evidential outcomes will assist organisations including
a) NHS organisations
b) Public Health England and public health departments in their new local authority setting
c) the new Health and Wellbeing Boards
d) innovative social enterprises using natural environments therapeutically (e.g. Dementia Adventure)

We will work with existing practice/policy partners from the health sector to ensure effective dissemination of findings.

Environmental Management & Policy: The research will benefit those involved in the management of the natural environment though the development of novel methodologies and new, more comprehensive evidence on benefits of environments. Beneficiaries will include:
a) Natural England (project partner)
b) Forest Research (project partner) and consequently Forestry Commission
c) Cornwall Wildlife Trust (project partner) and consequently other Wildlife Trusts
d) Defra, Environment Agency, Countryside Council for Wales
d) Local Nature Partnerships (project researchers are involved in the new Cornwall LNP)
e) Managers of protected/designated areas such as National Park Authorities and Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty
f) Landscape designers/architects

The evidence will allow these and other bodies that manage natural environments to develop and improve appropriate national and local responses to policies set out in the 2010 DEFRA white paper 'The Natural Choice' and guidance such as Natural England's Accessible Natural Greenspace Standard. The research will also directly benefit environmental and health/social charities through the provision of clear evidence facilitating the most effective allocation of resources and development of interventions and programmes resulting in maximised benefit to the environment, society and individual. Further beneficiaries include local community groups seeking to protect, manage and use their natural environment under the new Localism Act.

Environmental/health data management and use: A primary aim of this research is to develop methodologies for geographical linkage of data from mixed sources. Advances in this field would be of interest to a wide range of data creators and users; academic, public, private and third sector. Currently much relevant evidence is silo-ed according to disciplinary origin, created using different methodologies, is at varying scales and can be unavailable to many research end-users. This project will attempt to overcome many of these issues; primarily by bringing methods and evidence to a wide range of users and highlighting the value of secondary data.

Non-academic research organisations: The project will facilitate the development of cooperative research between academic and public organisations including Natural England and Forest Research, enabling mutual skill development, for instance through a researcher exchange, the building of research capacity and sharing of methods and data.

Pathways to Impact describes our comprehensive impact strategy, which includes: academic papers in high impact journals and presentations at international conferences; policy-relevant evidence briefing sheets based on key findings; stakeholder engagement conferences; media communications; web dissemination.
 
Description Objectives
In this project, we achieved our objectives to develop small-area environmental indices, and to analyse them with secondary health data to investigate the interconnection between nature, health and wellbeing. The environmental indicators include measures such as the percentage of landcover that is broadleaf woodland, arable, urban etc., and measures of biodiversity and landcover diversity. We have combined these environmental data with population and survey data on health and wellbeing in order to address our key research question for the project: "How is residence in proximity to different types of natural environment that vary in type and quality associated with health and wellbeing?"

Research capability
The research team included several early career researchers, and a wide range of disciplinary backgrounds. This project facilitated capability development in two key areas. Firstly, researchers attended specialist training courses, which were put into practice in various aspects of the project, from statistical training to a course on how evidence from research can inform policy. Secondly, regular team meetings provided the opportunity for discussion of research methods and approach, both in terms of practicalities and the underlying concepts driving the research. Working across such a diversity of researchers, with differing ideas and research conventions, presented us with some significant challenges to overcome, but proved to be crucial to address our research questions which cross natural and social science boundaries.

Challenges of longitudinal environment-health secondary data analysis
It is apparent that research investigating relationships between the natural environment and health needs to develop further the use of longitudinal data. This type of data follows the same people over time and gives us more powerful evidence than that based on cross-sectional (snapshot) data. We have successfully used the British Household Panel Survey (BHPS)/Understanding Society longitudinal datasets for this purpose. However, it is clear that a major challenge for this work is the availability of longitudinal, geographical environmental data that have been collected and processed consistently over time to match with longitudinal health data. For example, whilst we have excellent data from the BHPS from 1991-2008, we have only been able to match this with land cover data for 2007. Land cover data sets have changed over time due to changes in environmental science technology and methods, making comparison between years difficult. We are working with data providers and other researchers to develop approaches to address these challenges.

Findings
Two papers describing results of the research are already published in peer-reviewed journals. One describes preliminary analyses relating to the changes in neighbourhood green space when people move home to their mental health. We showed that people moving to a greener urban area report better mental health, which stays improved for at least three years subsequently. The other published paper shows that people living nearer the coast in England are more likely to meet physical activity guidelines than those living further inland. Further findings are under peer review or in preparation and relate to a) relationships in rural contexts, b) local case study analyses and c) additional longitudinal analyses.
Exploitation Route In terms of academic routes, we envisage the outcomes of this research being taken forward by ourselves and other researchers investigating the links between nature, health and wellbeing. The small-area environmental indices developed (or variants of them) have the potential to be used with various cohort and survey datasets. The questions generated through, for example, our analyses of 2011 census data, can be approached using more complex individual level data, e.g. investigating specific relationships between health and biodiversity.

The project has generated a lot of interest among non-academic audiences, particularly in the natural environment sector, both governmental and non-governmental. We are working with Defra to carry forward some of the research outcomes looking at the health and wellbeing aspects of the natural environment, and more locally have been invited to participate in the activities of the Cornwall Conservation Strategy Committee. We are also working closely with Natural England and Public Health England to take this research forward in a manner that will be beneficial for both environmental and health user communities.
Sectors Environment,Leisure Activities, including Sports, Recreation and Tourism,Government, Democracy and Justice

URL https://beyondgreenspace.wordpress.com/
 
Description Beyond Greenspace has led to a wide array of impacts with different audiences and non-academic collaborators. This has arisen through a fairly 'organic' process, through a number of routes. Firstly, the involvement of non-academic partners (particularly Natural England, Forest Research and Cornwall Wildlife Trust) in the project advisory board meant that we had the opportunity to discuss the research in-depth with individuals from these organisations, and to involve them in its progress. This has led to, for example, us being invited to talk with Cornwall's Conservation Strategy Committee about how to include human health as an aspect of the strategy for nature conservation in the county. On a national scale, our engagement with Natural England and Defra has led to a Defra Fellowship for one of the project team members, who has gone on to form new relationships with health and environmental policy makers at national government level, with the intent that our research will feed into how health is considered in natural environment policy. We have also recently co-produced a large funding proposal for research that will build on Beyond Greenspace, in collaboration with Natural England, Natural Resources Wales and Forest Research, and organisations including National Trust and other NGOs. This process has increased our engagement with these agencies and will ensure that our existing research is considered in their future policy developments. Second, publicity generated from our research publications has been widespread, especially with the release of longitudinal research using the British Household Panel Survey. The short film produced through the project has received a large number of views, and gives us a useful, generic vehicle to support discussion of this and related research with various audiences. Third, we have established an excellent online presence, capitalising on social media routes including Twitter (#beyondgreenspace) and the project blog. We have now updated the blog so that it will be used into the future by ourselves and guest bloggers to present and debate our research and related activity in an accessible manner. The blog has received nearly 9000 page views to date (March 2017), and receives spikes in activity whenever we post new stories. More widely, PI Ben Wheeler has participated in a Guardian online debate as 'guest expert'. Finally, the project has led to specific impact opportunities, notably two ESRC IAA awards to work directly with Cornwall Council; this project was instigated by the Council environment department themselves as a direct result of their interest in the Beyond Greenspace project. We are working with the Council and other relevant stakeholders to consider how the health evidence can feed into local policy and practice, such as how urban parks are maintained to support both biodiversity and human health. Another notable opportunity is our work with WHO to inform development of suggested urban greenspace indicators for the European Region, based on research findings from this and other projects (report published Nov 2016).
First Year Of Impact 2013
Sector Communities and Social Services/Policy,Environment,Healthcare,Government, Democracy and Justice
Impact Types Cultural,Societal,Policy & public services

 
Description Defra evidence statement March 2017
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Implementation circular/rapid advice/letter to e.g. Ministry of Health
URL https://beyondgreenspace.net/2017/03/09/defra-evidence-statement-on-the-links-between-natural-enviro...
 
Description ESRC IAA Social Policy Network on Biodiversity, health and wellbeing in Cornwall's public open spaces
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
URL http://www.ecehh.org/news/council-partnership/
 
Description Input to Urban Green Infrastructure POSTNote
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Implementation circular/rapid advice/letter to e.g. Ministry of Health
URL http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/research/briefing-papers/POST-PN-448/urban-green-infr...
 
Description Membership of Cornwall Conservation Strategy Committee
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guidance committee
 
Description POSTNote Green space and health
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Implementation circular/rapid advice/letter to e.g. Ministry of Health
URL http://researchbriefings.parliament.uk/ResearchBriefing/Summary/POST-PN-0538
 
Description Defra Tender
Amount £29,069 (GBP)
Funding ID RFQ 23820 
Organisation Department For Environment, Food And Rural Affairs (DEFRA) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK)
Start 02/2017 
End 04/2017
 
Description ESRC Impact Acceleration Awards (University of Exeter)
Amount £1,926 (GBP)
Organisation Economic and Social Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK)
Start 07/2015 
End 12/2015
 
Description ESRC Research Seminars Competition
Amount £29,582 (GBP)
Funding ID ES/M001709/1 
Organisation Economic and Social Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK)
Start 10/2014 
End 04/2017
 
Description Horizons 2020 (H2020-PHC-2015-two-stage)
Amount € 5,998,671 (EUR)
Funding ID 666773 
Organisation European Commission 
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 01/2015 
End 06/2020
 
Description Social Science Research Fellowship on the Natural Environment and Human Health
Amount £98,574 (GBP)
Funding ID BEO109 
Organisation Department For Environment, Food And Rural Affairs (DEFRA) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK)
Start 12/2014 
End 11/2015
 
Description University of Exeter ESRC Impact Acceleration Account
Amount £18,740 (GBP)
Organisation Economic and Social Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK)
Start 07/2016 
End 12/2016
 
Description WHO Consultancy - Urban Greenspace Indicators
Amount £2,653 (GBP)
Funding ID 2015/532204 
Organisation World Health Organization (WHO) 
Sector Public
Country Global
Start 07/2015 
End 08/2015
 
Description WWT PhD Strudentship
Amount £35,818 (GBP)
Organisation Wildfowl and Wetlands Trust 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK)
Start 10/2017 
End 09/2020
 
Title Carstairs Index 2011 
Description The Carstairs Deprivation Index calculated for the Census 2011, for Lower-layer Super Output Areas and DataZones (GB). 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2014 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Standard socio-economic deprivation index updated to 2011 and made available to the research community via the UK Data Service. 
URL http://discover.ukdataservice.ac.uk/catalogue/?sn=851497&type=Data%20catalogue
 
Description BG Advisory board non-academic collaborators 
Organisation Forest Research
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK) 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Collaborations have developed with all three organisations represented on the project advisory board. We have provided input to various activities related to the human health and wellbeing impacts of their work, such as contributing insights on the latest evidence on nature and health. We have also been involved in mutually beneficial joint research activities.
Collaborator Contribution All three partners have provided invaluable insights into relevant policy and practice issues to help make the research as relevant to their own organisations and other users as possible. All have contributed in kind, in terms of attendance at advisory board meetings, speaking at events, and commenting on research progress throughout the project.
Impact Joint publication with Natural England using their MENE data - White et al, Preventive Medicine 2014. Disciplines of individuals involved in that piece of work include psychology, geography, epidemiology, quantitative social science, ecotoxicology, environment/health policy.
Start Year 2012
 
Description BG Advisory board non-academic collaborators 
Organisation Natural England
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK) 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Collaborations have developed with all three organisations represented on the project advisory board. We have provided input to various activities related to the human health and wellbeing impacts of their work, such as contributing insights on the latest evidence on nature and health. We have also been involved in mutually beneficial joint research activities.
Collaborator Contribution All three partners have provided invaluable insights into relevant policy and practice issues to help make the research as relevant to their own organisations and other users as possible. All have contributed in kind, in terms of attendance at advisory board meetings, speaking at events, and commenting on research progress throughout the project.
Impact Joint publication with Natural England using their MENE data - White et al, Preventive Medicine 2014. Disciplines of individuals involved in that piece of work include psychology, geography, epidemiology, quantitative social science, ecotoxicology, environment/health policy.
Start Year 2012
 
Description BG Advisory board non-academic collaborators 
Organisation The Wildlife Trusts
Department Cornwall Wildlife Trust
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK) 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Collaborations have developed with all three organisations represented on the project advisory board. We have provided input to various activities related to the human health and wellbeing impacts of their work, such as contributing insights on the latest evidence on nature and health. We have also been involved in mutually beneficial joint research activities.
Collaborator Contribution All three partners have provided invaluable insights into relevant policy and practice issues to help make the research as relevant to their own organisations and other users as possible. All have contributed in kind, in terms of attendance at advisory board meetings, speaking at events, and commenting on research progress throughout the project.
Impact Joint publication with Natural England using their MENE data - White et al, Preventive Medicine 2014. Disciplines of individuals involved in that piece of work include psychology, geography, epidemiology, quantitative social science, ecotoxicology, environment/health policy.
Start Year 2012
 
Description Cornwall Council Ecology/Public Open Space 
Organisation Cornwall Council
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK) 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Provision of evidence to support decision making, management and investment in public open space in Cornwall for the benefit of biodiversity and human health and wellbeing.
Collaborator Contribution Fully engaged partners in projects to investigate how our research can inform relevant Council policies and strategies.
Impact Multi-disciplinary projects including epidemiology, public engagement, sociology, geography, environmental science, ecology, public health, psychology, economics.
Start Year 2015
 
Description Public Health Dorset 
Organisation Dorset County Council
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK) 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Invitations to B Wheeler and R Lovell to contribute to various activities including presentation at Dorset Health & Wellbeing Board, contribution to expert workshop on Healthy Places Futures for Dorset and Dorset Local Nature Partnership AGM.
Collaborator Contribution Access to high level policy makers in Dorset public health and environmental authorities, and opportunities to work on the value of our evidence to inform their activities.
Impact Multi-disciplinary - public health, ecology, environmental science, planning.
Start Year 2016
 
Description Aquatic biodiversity and human health and wellbeing workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Discussions of project findings with wide group of researchers, policy and practice communities from ecology and health perspectives.

Follow up with potential non-academic and academic collaborators.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Attendance and presentations at Defra ministerial workshops for 25 year plan 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Dr Becca Lovell presented at and participated in Defra workshops as a part of her fellowship, building on work from Beyond Greenspace. These plans are still in development, but should hopefully end up including natural environment/health considerations.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Beyond Greenspace Blog 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The blog has had nearly 2000 page views so far in 2014, mostly UK but with significant numbers from many other countries. Stats indicate hundreds of 'click-throughs' to related sites of our own and others we link to.
Updated Sept 2015: We have continued to update the blog, including with research findings published following the end of the project, and related activities. We have now logged >5000 page views, and in 2015 to date have had 783 unique visitors to the blog. The release of findings and the Beyond Greenspace short film in June 2015 has had around 400 page views, and the short film viewed >300 times.

Blog posts through the year have provoked discussion, instigated contact from readers (public, academic and non-academic organisations) and broadened awareness of the project and research issue.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013,2014,2015
URL http://beyondgreenspace.wordpress.com/
 
Description Beyond Greenspace Liverpool Jan 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Workshop organised by us in collaboration with the Heseltine Centre for Public Policy & Practice -"Beyond Greenspace: How can nature create healthier and wealthier places?" Talks generated much discussion and interaction, with academic and non-academic oranisations. To be followed up as below.

Developing relationship with Liverpool region partners (Mersey Forest, CCG, Academic Health Science Network, local authority greenspace managers) will lead to opportunities for future collaborations and involvement with non-academic partners. Merseyside activities will form a regional case study for a related project that we have underway with Defra. We were also invited to join a 'Centre of Excellence' on linking nature and health being established by various organisations involved in the event.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL https://www.liv.ac.uk/heseltine-institute/events/fresh-thinking/beyond-greenspace/
 
Description Beyond Greenspace Research: Beaches, Biodiversity and Bats 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Talk delivered at "Building a healthier south west: best practice in health and planning", a regional conference primarily aimed at planning and public health professionals.

Plymouth, 28/2/2013.

Discussion of the research at this event led to several requests for further information to support activities e.g. RSPB for input to biodiversity/planning links.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Beyond Greenspace Understanding Society Podcast 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Discussed the project and the importance of Understanding Society for this research in an audio podcast recorded for a general/non-academic audience on the USoc website.

Unknown
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL https://www.understandingsociety.ac.uk/podcasts/2014/12
 
Description Blue space, health and well-being. British Science Festival. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact 60ish members of the public attended the session we did at the British Science Festival hosted at the University of Birmingham and then discussion with approx 6 members of teh public after the talk in one-to-one follow ups.

None known
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description British Destination Conference 2013: The Great British Outdoors: Health & Well-Being from our Natural Environments 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation the potential benefits of nature for health and wellbeing to attendees at this tourism-focused meeting, flagging up the potential for selling the health and wellbeing benefits of natural visitor destinations.

n/a
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description European Maritime Day 2013: Health & wellbeing from coastal environments 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/parliamentarians
Results and Impact Presentation to this session organised by the Joint Programming Initiative "healthy and productive seas and oceans" (JPI Oceans), European Marine Board.

As part of connections developing with the European Marine Board prior to and during the conference, with the research agenda partly informed by this project, the European Centre for Environment and Human Health subsequently hosted a two day workshop on the oceans and human health with a number of delegates from across Europe. This is part of an ongoing process discussing the development of European research and policy on oceans and human health.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://www.marineboard.eu/news-archive/211-emb-co-organizes-a-workshop-on-oceans-human-health-in-cor...
 
Description Guardian online Q&A 26/9/2013 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Online live chat Q&A on the topic "How can city populations reconnect with the environment?" instigated an interesting, informative debate between members of the panel and website visitors from the UK and elsewhere.

Following the live chat, several participants got in touch to discuss our research and potential future collaborations.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://www.theguardian.com/sustainable-business/city-population-reconnect-environment-live-chat
 
Description House of Lords Rural Economy Research Group 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Dr Ben Wheeler and Dr Becca Lovell were invited to speak at the annual meeting of the House of Lords Rural Economy Research Group, c.20 peers landowners, and agriculture industry representatives on rural natural environments and health and wellbeing. This initiated significant discussions through the evening and engaged the attendees with the research.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL https://beyondgreenspace.wordpress.com/2015/10/30/englands-green-and-pleasant-and-healthy-land/
 
Description Local stakeholder event, Falmouth April 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This local stakeholders event included a half day of discussion around the research project, and related work/policy from speakers from Natural England, Forestry Commission and an environmental consultancy. Positive feedback was received, and indications of what research would be useful to support various user communities.

Follow-up contacts from various organisations interested in the results of the research, and the potential to be involved in future projects as non-academic partners.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Mer et Sante: Health and Wellbeing from Coastal Environments: From experimental to population level evidence 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Project discussed during this talk to a French conference on the sea and health, instigating discussion and connections.

Part of the developing relationship with collaborators across Europe in developing work on Oceans and Human Health.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2009,2013
 
Description NCRM Research Methods Festival 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Talk inspired discussion and follow-up questions afterwards.

Talk filmed and published on the festival website.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.ncrm.ac.uk/resources/video/RMF2014/filmed.php?id=b345db7
 
Description NatCap Symposium 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Talk at Natural Capital Project Symposium 2016 (Stanford, U Minnesota, WWF & The Nature Conservancy). Plenary talk (audience c. 250) on Natural environments for population health and wellbeing: Longitudinal and spatial approaches and participation in expert workshop on integration of mental health into Natural Capital Assessment tools.
Resulted in ongoing work with international collaborators developing early stages of a model to integrate mental health values into the InVEST software tool.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://natcap2016.wordpress.com/
 
Description National stakeholder event, RGS June 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/parliamentarians
Results and Impact This was the key national stakeholder engagement event for the project, held at RGS in London. Of 50 attendees, around 15 were academic researchers with the remainder from a range of governmental and non-governmental organisations. The event including a panel discussion with lively debate, and extensive networking between key individuals from academia, government and NGOs in both environment and health fields.

The event instigated contact from various new collaborator/partner organisations. It also helped to build on relationships between the European Centre for Environment and Human Health and Defra, which is resulting in continuing work to use this evidence to inform environmental policy.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL https://storify.com/benedictwheeler/beyond-greenspace-symposium-june-2014
 
Description Natural environments for health and wellbeing: Inequalities and motivations 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited introductory lecture at 'Naturally Healthy' session at the launch conference of the Devon Local Nature Partnership. Audience included professionals from public health, local authority environment services, land managers and other particpants from various sectors. Inspired discussions for subsequent workshop.

Discussions on these issues have informed the development of the Naturally Healthy strand of activities of the Devon Local Nature Partnership. Beyond Greenspace is mentioned on the Devon LNP Naturally Health webpages, and the PI (Wheeler) was invited to peer review a scoping report on nature and health carried out by Devon Public Health.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.naturaldevon.org.uk/priorities-and-projects/naturally-healthy/naturally-healthy-documents...
 
Description Nature Connections 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited talk at Nature Connections 2016 - Is greenspace really good for you? Evidence on links between natural environments, health and wellbeing.
Enagaged with various NGO/public sector attendees at the conference, and have followed up with some re future work, linking evidence with practice.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Outdoors for All Working Group 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Drs Lovell and White have been members of and presented at Outdoors for All Working Group meetings (hosted by Natural England) discussing the evidence on health and wellbeing with national governmental agencies and key third sector organisations. These engagements are ongoing and have resulted in for example, inclusion of several organisations in future grant proposals and impact activities.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Presentation at FP7 PHENOTYPE final project conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Presentation developed collaborative relationships e.g. with Mark Nieuwenhuijsen (CREAL), PHENOTYPE PI

After the talk I had discussions around the project with a number of researchers and local practitioners (e.g. from Stoke-on-Trent local authority/public health)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Presentation at WHO Bonn, expert workshop on urban greenspace and health 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/parliamentarians
Results and Impact Participation in discussions on urban greenspace indicators followed by being invited to co-author a WHO publication on urban greenspace indicators for health applications, covering the WHO European region.

Publication in progress, will be released by end of 2015; indicates opportunities for WHO member states and local governments to monitor green space access with relevance to health.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Presentation to Dorset Health and Wellbeing Board 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Presentation of work to Dorset Health and Well being Board in support of Dorset Public Health and Dorset County Council's efforts to develop interventions using the natural environment to promote health. Presentation resulted in funding directed towards county wide initiative supported by Dorset Health and Well being Board and multiple CCGs.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description The coast: An under-researched public health resource? EurOCEAN 2014, Rome, Italy. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/parliamentarians
Results and Impact 80ish attendees at the EurOcean conference

We were invited to present as the work has directly fed into the "Rome Declaration" on EU research vision into Oceans and Human health
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description WHO expert workshops guiding work on green space and health 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Multiple invitations to WHO European Region European Centre for Environment and Health to advise on work around green space and health, including advisory groups on tools to assess greenspace in urban environments, and assessment of interventions to support and motivate greenspace use for health and wellbeing.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016,2017