Understanding how a complex intervention works: designing large-scale vaccination programs

Lead Research Organisation: University of Glasgow
Department Name: Faculty of Biomedical and Life Sciences

Abstract

Large-scale public health interventions are often required to prevent, control and eliminate infectious diseases. As substantial resources are needed to implement large-scale programs, it is critical that interventions are designed to be both effective and efficient. With recent advances in the scientific theory of infectious diseases, we now have a good understanding of how infectious diseases spread and persist in different communities. However, there currently remains a gap in the application of this knowledge to the design and management of large-scale disease control programs. There are usually few accompanying studies that analyse how complex interventions are really working, and important opportunities are missed to learn why programs succeed in some circumstances but not in others.

Rabies is a horrific disease that causes an estimated 55,000 human deaths in Asia and Africa each year, mainly in children, as the result of bites from rabid dogs. To prevent human rabies, it is necessary to control the disease in dogs. The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation (BMGF) has recently provided $10M to support extensive, long-term rabies vaccination programs of domestic dogs in Tanzania, Philippines, and South Africa, to demonstrate the feasibility and effectiveness of dog vaccination in preventing human rabies. This intervention provides a rare and important opportunity to learn about the large-scale control of rabies, the design of vaccination programs, and the adaptive management of a substantial public health intervention. This project will use the considerable amounts of information generated from the BMGF program (e.g. on the number/density of dogs, proportion of dogs vaccinated, pattern of rabies cases) to carry out in-depth analyses of data to understand how and why vaccination succeeds or fails to control disease in different areas. This information will then be used to provide support for improving the design, efficiency and sustainability of the intervention as it is rolled out. The project brings together a diverse and experienced team of scientists and public-health experts working in close partnership with the BMGF program to provide timely feed-back of information required for improved implementation of the program in the field.

An improved understanding of how complex health interventions work and how they can be enhanced has widespread application and implications, not only for rabies, but also for the control of many other infectious diseases.

Technical Summary

Despite possessing a sophisticated understanding of the theory underlying many aspects of the dynamics and control of infectious diseases, this knowledge is only rarely applied directly to the design and management of large-scale public health interventions. Substantial resources are routinely invested in disease control programs, but without accompanying studies that analyse how these complex interventions are really working, important opportunities are missed to learn why these programs succeed in some circumstances but not in others. As a consequence, the effectiveness and impact of these interventions can be diminished.
Rabies is a horrific zoonosis responsible for an estimated 55,000 human deaths in Asia and Africa each year, mainly in children. The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation (BMGF) have recently provided $10M to support extensive, long-term rabies vaccination programs of domestic dogs in Tanzania, the Philippines, and the Republic of South Africa, to demonstrate the feasibility and effectiveness of dog vaccination in preventing human rabies. This intervention provides a rare and important opportunity to learn about the large-scale control of rabies, the design of efficient and effective vaccination programs, and the adaptive management of the roll-out of a substantial public health intervention. The BMGF vaccination program will generate a wealth of spatial data on dog population size and distribution, vaccination coverage, and rabies incidence, but resources do not exist within this program to undertake sophisticated in-depth analyses of these data.

Here, we have assembled an experienced, multi-disciplinary team of epidemiologists, modellers, veterinarians, virologists, and public-health workers to chaperone these field vaccination programs. The team will conduct real-time modelling and analysis of the implementation and performance of this program to learn how the intervention works, and through a process of feedback, improve its efficiency, effectiveness, and likely sustainability. While most of the primary data will be generated through the BMGF program we are requesting limited resources for the acquisition of additional data where the resulting added-value is significant ? namely trace-back contact studies, and genome sequencing of selected rabies isolates to enhance our understanding of the origins and circulation of rabies virus in the study areas. Our proposed project will deliver enhanced understanding of the relationship between population size and required vaccination coverage, algorithms that prioritise the order and importance of vaccinating different parts of the study areas, the interval between pulse vaccination events, the cause of local control failures and the design of appropriate response actions.

Publications

10 25 50
 
Description Bali mass dog vaccination strategy
Geographic Reach Asia 
Policy Influence Type Participation in advisory committee
Impact We have advised on the roll out of three mass dog vaccinations. Most recently we worked closely with the FAO in Indonesia to evaluate the rabies situation and model scenarios for prospects for rabies elimination. A report was prepared for the FAO: Townsend, S., & Hampson, K. Impacts of island-wide mass dog vaccination in Bali, Indonesia and prospects for achieving freedom from rabies, 15th March 2012. Findings were presented to decision makers, including the Indonesian and Balinese governments and local academics during a formal planning meeting for the rabies control programme. The findings were taken on board by the FAO. We estimated impacts of campaigns using an epidemiological model: The overall trajectory towards eradication appears very promising especially if gaps are addressed in a third campaign currently underway. However, if control measures lapse, there is a more than 30% chance that within three years rabies will re-emerge to an endemic situation with around 55 human deaths per year occurring on the basis of the relationship between confirmed cases and human deaths. Over a ten-year time horizon, under the best-case scenario of rapid eradication from Bali as a result of a 3rd comprehensive vaccination campaign, approximately 550 human rabies deaths would therefore be averted in contrast to the endemic situation. Whereas if control measures are maintained, but not to the level required for eradication, low levels of rabies persistence would avert around 440 human rabies deaths but would require indefinite administration of expensive post-exposure prophylaxes (~$1.5 million/year). Excerpt taken from: 'Emergence of rabies in Bali and strategies for elimination by mass dog vaccination' by Townsend et al, submitted to PNAS.
URL http://www.gla.ac.uk/colleges/mvls/researchimpact/internationaldevelopment/
 
Description Bangladesh rabies control programme
Geographic Reach Asia 
Policy Influence Type Participation in advisory committee
 
Description Contributions to a training manual on rabies for primary school teachers for eventual inclusion of rabies in school health education activities in Tanzania (in collaboration with Ministries of Health, Social Welfare, Education, Livestock)
Geographic Reach Africa 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
 
Description Contributions to development of the WHO-OIE-FAO document 'Rationale for investing in the global elimination of dog-mediated human rabies'
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
 
Description Contributions to the draft dossier for countries/regions to complete for declaration of elimination of rabies as a public health problem to WHO
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
 
Description Contributions to version 3 of the Canine Rabies Blueprint, including revisions of the Communications Plan and compilation of a new section on Rabies Surveillance
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
URL http://caninerabiesblueprint.org/
 
Description Kenya Canine Rabies Control National Plan
Geographic Reach Africa 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guidance committee
 
Description Livestock Modernization Initiative
Geographic Reach Africa 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
URL http://agriprofocus.com/upload/post/Tanzania_Livestock_Modernization_Initiative1437567817.pdf
 
Description Mobile phone rabies surveillance system in Tanzania
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact The mobile phone rabies surveillance system has been established in SE Tanzania over the last 2 years, to improve monitoring of vaccine stocks, animal bite patients and the confirmation of suspect cases. SMS alerts were also used to remind patients to come for treatment, and this significantly improved patient compliance, potentially preventing rabies deaths in SE Tanzania. More details available from Zac Mtema's PhD thesis, and arising publications which are in preparation.
 
Description Rabies Elimination Regional Policy planning - Latin America
Geographic Reach South America 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
Impact Improved collection of surveillance data, and implementation of vaccination programmes aiming to eliminate rabies - particularly in Mexico and Brazil. Research subsequently informed a national stakeholder meeting in Mexico.
 
Description Step-wise approach for rabies elimination
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Participation in advisory committee
 
Description Tanzania Canine Rabies Control Plan (in collaboration with Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries Development and Ministry of Health and Social Welfare)
Geographic Reach Africa 
Policy Influence Type Participation in advisory committee
 
Description Tanzania National Rabies Control and Elimination Strategy (NARCES), final draft February 2017 (Key co-authors: J Changalucha, K Lushasi, S Maganga, L Sikana, Z Mtema).
Geographic Reach Africa 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a national consultation
 
Description Technical advice was provided to The Boston Consulting Group for the preparation of the Rabies Vaccine Investment Strategy to the Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunization
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Participation in advisory committee
 
Description WHO International Expert Consultation on Rabies
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guidance committee
Impact We drafted chapters and guidelines, which included many insights from all the MRC work, as part of the development of a full document on rabies and its prevention, which is used as WHO guidelines and policy
URL http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/85346/1/9789240690943_eng.pdf
 
Description BBSRC Impact Accelerator Award
Amount £10,000 (GBP)
Organisation Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) 
Department BBSRC Impact Award
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK)
Start 01/2016 
End 12/2016
 
Description Consultancy for Dr Zacharia Mtema
Amount SFr. 20,000 (CHF)
Organisation UBS Optimus Foundation 
Sector Private
Country Switzerland, Swiss Confederation
Start 10/2014 
End 10/2015
 
Description Consultancy for FAO
Amount £8,379 (GBP)
Organisation Food and Agricultural Organisation (FAO) 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country Italy, Italian Republic
Start 01/2012 
End 04/2012
 
Description Consultancy for PAHO
Amount $30,000 (USD)
Organisation Pan American Health Organization 
Sector Public
Country United States of America
Start 01/2015 
End 06/2015
 
Description Epidemiological and Cost-effectiveness modeling for rabies
Amount $135,610 (USD)
Organisation World Health Organization (WHO) 
Sector Public
Country Global
Start 12/2016 
End 01/2018
 
Description Grand Challenges
Amount $97,606 (USD)
Organisation Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United States of America
Start 12/2015 
End 09/2016
 
Description ISSF Catalyst Award
Amount £25,701 (GBP)
Organisation Wellcome Trust 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK)
Start  
 
Description ISSF Catalyst Award - tracing transmission pathways of endemic canine rabies
Amount £25,701 (GBP)
Organisation Wellcome Trust 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK)
Start  
 
Description Lord Kelvin Smith PhD studentship - Jane Coutts
Amount £76,652 (GBP)
Organisation University of Glasgow 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK)
Start 09/2014 
End 09/2018
 
Description MRC studentship awarded as part of University of Glasgow Doctoral Training Programme - Laurie Baker
Amount £89,250 (GBP)
Organisation Medical Research Council (MRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK)
Start 01/2015 
End 01/2019
 
Description Master's Training Fellowship in Public Health and Tropical Medicine - Kennedy Lushasi
Amount £92,791 (GBP)
Organisation Wellcome Trust 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK)
Start 10/2014 
End 03/2016
 
Description Pan American Health Organization consultancy - University of Glasgow
Amount $30,000 (USD)
Organisation Pan American Health Organization 
Sector Public
Country United States of America
Start  
 
Description Subcontract for Tanzanian component of 'UBS Optimus Foundation - CARE: Communities Against Rabies Exposure Project' (UG is co-applicant within the Global Alliance for Rabies Control)
Amount £94,119 (GBP)
Organisation UBS Optimus Foundation 
Sector Private
Country Switzerland, Swiss Confederation
Start 04/2011 
End 03/2016
 
Description Wellcome Trust Career Development Fellowship
Amount £807,908 (GBP)
Organisation Wellcome Trust 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK)
Start 01/2011 
End 01/2017
 
Description Wellcome Trust Enhancement Award
Amount £120,208 (GBP)
Organisation Wellcome Trust 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK)
Start  
 
Description Wellcome Trust Master's Training Fellowship - Joel Changalucha
Amount £110,738 (GBP)
Organisation Wellcome Trust 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK)
Start  
 
Description Wellcome Trust Master's Training Fellowship - Kennedy Lushasi
Amount £92,791 (GBP)
Organisation Wellcome Trust 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK)
Start  
 
Title Rabies spread and control simulation model 
Description Spatially explicit stochastic simulation model of rabies spread, onto which vaccination strategies can be tested 
Type Of Material Computer model/algorithm 
Year Produced 2011 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Strategy guidance for mass vaccination campaign in Bali, Indonesia Economic analysis of rabies control activities in Bali 
URL http://www.gla.ac.uk/researchinstitutes/bahcm/research/impact/headline_350342_en.html
 
Title Reconstruction of endemic transmission trees 
Description New approach for reconstructing transmission trees from partially observed data Methodology described in manuscript Mollentze et al. 
Type Of Material Data analysis technique 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact Surveillance and control methods for rabies in KZN, South Africa 
 
Title The Wise Monkey Portal 
Description The Wise Monkey Portal is a system for managing large-scale disease control and surveillance programs. Data can be entered at any time and from any place, is safely and securely stored, and is collated centrally enabling real-time assessment. 
Type Of Material Data handling & control 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact TBC 
URL http://www.wisemonkeyfoundation.org/
 
Description Bangladesh rabies control project 
Organisation Ministry of Health and Family Welfare; Government of the People's Republic of Bangladesh
Country Bangladesh, People's Republic of 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Planning vaccination programme Local PhD project development and student supervision Visit to Bangladesh
Collaborator Contribution PhD project funding, development and student supervision Costs for visit to Bangladesh
Impact PhD studentship funded by Government of Bangladesh on 'The relationship between vaccinating domestic dogs against rabies and the public demand for post-exposure prophylaxis in Bangladesh'
Start Year 2012
 
Description Bangladesh rabies control project 
Organisation World Society for the Protection of Animals (WSPA)
Country Canada 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Planning vaccination programme Local PhD project development and student supervision Visit to Bangladesh
Collaborator Contribution PhD project funding, development and student supervision Costs for visit to Bangladesh
Impact PhD studentship funded by Government of Bangladesh on 'The relationship between vaccinating domestic dogs against rabies and the public demand for post-exposure prophylaxis in Bangladesh'
Start Year 2012
 
Description Bohol follow up study 
Organisation Global Alliance for Rabies Control
Country United States of America 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Study design Data analysis Data management software training and support
Collaborator Contribution Data management software Data collection and entry Data access Staff Significant intellectual input
Impact Data collection still in progress
Start Year 2012
 
Description Bohol follow up study 
Organisation Government of the Republic of the Philippines
Department Bohol Province
Country Philippines, Republic of the 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Study design Data analysis Data management software training and support
Collaborator Contribution Data management software Data collection and entry Data access Staff Significant intellectual input
Impact Data collection still in progress
Start Year 2012
 
Description Bohol follow up study 
Organisation Wise Monkey Foundation
Country United States of America 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Study design Data analysis Data management software training and support
Collaborator Contribution Data management software Data collection and entry Data access Staff Significant intellectual input
Impact Data collection still in progress
Start Year 2012
 
Description Dog population management research 
Organisation International Companion Animal Management Coalition (ICAM)
Country Global 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Expertise Academic partner Intellectual input Data
Collaborator Contribution Staff Intellectual input Data
Impact Review in preperation
Start Year 2013
 
Description Dumaguete City rabies control, Philippines 
Organisation Animal Welfare Coalition (AWC), Philippines
Country Philippines, Republic of the 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Data analysis and modelling GIS training of staff
Collaborator Contribution Data access
Impact Manuscript in prep Multi-disciplinary: Vets, epidemiologists
Start Year 2012
 
Description Dumaguete City rabies control, Philippines 
Organisation Government of the Republic of the Philippines
Department Dumaguete City Veterinary Office
Country Philippines, Republic of the 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Data analysis and modelling GIS training of staff
Collaborator Contribution Data access
Impact Manuscript in prep Multi-disciplinary: Vets, epidemiologists
Start Year 2012
 
Description Economic evaluation of elimination of rabies from Bali 
Organisation Royal Veterinary College (RVC)
Department Veterinary Epidemiology and Public Health Group
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK) 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Modelling of vaccination scenarios
Collaborator Contribution Economic analysis and report writing
Impact WSPA/RVC report: 'Economic evaluation of rabies control in the province of Bali, Indonesia'
Start Year 2011
 
Description Economic evaluation of elimination of rabies from Bali 
Organisation World Society for the Protection of Animals (WSPA)
Country Canada 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Modelling of vaccination scenarios
Collaborator Contribution Economic analysis and report writing
Impact WSPA/RVC report: 'Economic evaluation of rabies control in the province of Bali, Indonesia'
Start Year 2011
 
Description Elimination of rabies from Bali 
Organisation Bali Animal Welfare Association (BAWA)
Country Indonesia, Republic of 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Data analysis, epidemiological modelling, informal training of staff in statistics and GIS
Collaborator Contribution Data access Intellectual input Office facilities in Bali
Impact PMCID: PMC3749988 PMCID: PMC3693035 PMCID: PMC3647408 Townsend, S., & Hampson, K. Impacts of island-wide mass dog vaccination in Bali, Indonesia and prospects for achieving freedom from rabies, Prepared for the FAO, 15th March 2012. Knobel, D., Townsend, S., & Hampson, K. Preliminary evaluation and recommendations from the Bali mass dog rabies vaccination campaign, Report prepared for the FAO, 15th February 2011. Multidisciplinary: policy-makers, epidemiologists, modellers, vets, doctors, animal welfare organisations
Start Year 2010
 
Description Elimination of rabies from Bali 
Organisation Food and Agricultural Organisation (FAO)
Country Italy, Italian Republic 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Data analysis, epidemiological modelling, informal training of staff in statistics and GIS
Collaborator Contribution Data access Intellectual input Office facilities in Bali
Impact PMCID: PMC3749988 PMCID: PMC3693035 PMCID: PMC3647408 Townsend, S., & Hampson, K. Impacts of island-wide mass dog vaccination in Bali, Indonesia and prospects for achieving freedom from rabies, Prepared for the FAO, 15th March 2012. Knobel, D., Townsend, S., & Hampson, K. Preliminary evaluation and recommendations from the Bali mass dog rabies vaccination campaign, Report prepared for the FAO, 15th February 2011. Multidisciplinary: policy-makers, epidemiologists, modellers, vets, doctors, animal welfare organisations
Start Year 2010
 
Description Elimination of rabies from Bali 
Organisation Government of Bali
Department Disease Investigation Center
Country Indonesia, Republic of 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Data analysis, epidemiological modelling, informal training of staff in statistics and GIS
Collaborator Contribution Data access Intellectual input Office facilities in Bali
Impact PMCID: PMC3749988 PMCID: PMC3693035 PMCID: PMC3647408 Townsend, S., & Hampson, K. Impacts of island-wide mass dog vaccination in Bali, Indonesia and prospects for achieving freedom from rabies, Prepared for the FAO, 15th March 2012. Knobel, D., Townsend, S., & Hampson, K. Preliminary evaluation and recommendations from the Bali mass dog rabies vaccination campaign, Report prepared for the FAO, 15th February 2011. Multidisciplinary: policy-makers, epidemiologists, modellers, vets, doctors, animal welfare organisations
Start Year 2010
 
Description Elimination of rabies from Bali 
Organisation Government of Indonesia
Department Ministry of Agriculture; Government of Indonesia
Country Indonesia, Republic of 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Data analysis, epidemiological modelling, informal training of staff in statistics and GIS
Collaborator Contribution Data access Intellectual input Office facilities in Bali
Impact PMCID: PMC3749988 PMCID: PMC3693035 PMCID: PMC3647408 Townsend, S., & Hampson, K. Impacts of island-wide mass dog vaccination in Bali, Indonesia and prospects for achieving freedom from rabies, Prepared for the FAO, 15th March 2012. Knobel, D., Townsend, S., & Hampson, K. Preliminary evaluation and recommendations from the Bali mass dog rabies vaccination campaign, Report prepared for the FAO, 15th February 2011. Multidisciplinary: policy-makers, epidemiologists, modellers, vets, doctors, animal welfare organisations
Start Year 2010
 
Description Elimination of rabies from Bali 
Organisation University of Sydney
Department Faculty of Veterinary Science
Country Australia, Commonwealth of 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Data analysis, epidemiological modelling, informal training of staff in statistics and GIS
Collaborator Contribution Data access Intellectual input Office facilities in Bali
Impact PMCID: PMC3749988 PMCID: PMC3693035 PMCID: PMC3647408 Townsend, S., & Hampson, K. Impacts of island-wide mass dog vaccination in Bali, Indonesia and prospects for achieving freedom from rabies, Prepared for the FAO, 15th March 2012. Knobel, D., Townsend, S., & Hampson, K. Preliminary evaluation and recommendations from the Bali mass dog rabies vaccination campaign, Report prepared for the FAO, 15th February 2011. Multidisciplinary: policy-makers, epidemiologists, modellers, vets, doctors, animal welfare organisations
Start Year 2010
 
Description Elimination of rabies from Bali 
Organisation World Society for the Protection of Animals (WSPA)
Country Canada 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Data analysis, epidemiological modelling, informal training of staff in statistics and GIS
Collaborator Contribution Data access Intellectual input Office facilities in Bali
Impact PMCID: PMC3749988 PMCID: PMC3693035 PMCID: PMC3647408 Townsend, S., & Hampson, K. Impacts of island-wide mass dog vaccination in Bali, Indonesia and prospects for achieving freedom from rabies, Prepared for the FAO, 15th March 2012. Knobel, D., Townsend, S., & Hampson, K. Preliminary evaluation and recommendations from the Bali mass dog rabies vaccination campaign, Report prepared for the FAO, 15th February 2011. Multidisciplinary: policy-makers, epidemiologists, modellers, vets, doctors, animal welfare organisations
Start Year 2010
 
Description Epidemiological and Cost-effectiveness modeling for rabies 
Organisation University of Cambridge
Department Department of Biochemistry
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK) 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Analysis, modelling and leading the consortium
Collaborator Contribution Analysis and economic modeling
Impact Development of a modelling consortium to provide inputs to support the Gavi Vaccine Investment strategy and the WHO Business plan for zero rabies deaths by 2030
Start Year 2016
 
Description Epidemiological and Cost-effectiveness modeling for rabies 
Organisation World Health Organization (WHO)
Department Neglected Zoonotic Diseases
Country Global 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Analysis, modelling and leading the consortium
Collaborator Contribution Analysis and economic modeling
Impact Development of a modelling consortium to provide inputs to support the Gavi Vaccine Investment strategy and the WHO Business plan for zero rabies deaths by 2030
Start Year 2016
 
Description GARC Asia rabies elimination projects 
Organisation Centre for Indonesian Veterinary Analytical Studies (CIVAS)
Country Indonesia, Republic of 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution GIS training of staff Data management training of staff Data management software Data mapping and analysis
Collaborator Contribution Data access Intellectual input Implementation of data management software Coordination of training workshops
Impact Preparation of figures for accepted manuscript "Implementation of an intersectoral program to eliminate human and canine rabies: The Bohol Rabies Prevention and Elimination Project" Co-authorship on accepted manuscript "Surveillance guidelines for disease elimination: a case study of canine rabies" Data management systems implemented in vet offices Multi-disciplinary - modellers, GIS cartographer, medics, vets
Start Year 2011
 
Description GARC Asia rabies elimination projects 
Organisation Global Alliance for Rabies Control
Country United States of America 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution GIS training of staff Data management training of staff Data management software Data mapping and analysis
Collaborator Contribution Data access Intellectual input Implementation of data management software Coordination of training workshops
Impact Preparation of figures for accepted manuscript "Implementation of an intersectoral program to eliminate human and canine rabies: The Bohol Rabies Prevention and Elimination Project" Co-authorship on accepted manuscript "Surveillance guidelines for disease elimination: a case study of canine rabies" Data management systems implemented in vet offices Multi-disciplinary - modellers, GIS cartographer, medics, vets
Start Year 2011
 
Description GARC Asia rabies elimination projects 
Organisation Government of Indonesia
Department Ministry of Agriculture; Government of Indonesia
Country Indonesia, Republic of 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution GIS training of staff Data management training of staff Data management software Data mapping and analysis
Collaborator Contribution Data access Intellectual input Implementation of data management software Coordination of training workshops
Impact Preparation of figures for accepted manuscript "Implementation of an intersectoral program to eliminate human and canine rabies: The Bohol Rabies Prevention and Elimination Project" Co-authorship on accepted manuscript "Surveillance guidelines for disease elimination: a case study of canine rabies" Data management systems implemented in vet offices Multi-disciplinary - modellers, GIS cartographer, medics, vets
Start Year 2011
 
Description GARC Asia rabies elimination projects 
Organisation Government of the Republic of the Philippines
Department Bohol Province
Country Philippines, Republic of the 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution GIS training of staff Data management training of staff Data management software Data mapping and analysis
Collaborator Contribution Data access Intellectual input Implementation of data management software Coordination of training workshops
Impact Preparation of figures for accepted manuscript "Implementation of an intersectoral program to eliminate human and canine rabies: The Bohol Rabies Prevention and Elimination Project" Co-authorship on accepted manuscript "Surveillance guidelines for disease elimination: a case study of canine rabies" Data management systems implemented in vet offices Multi-disciplinary - modellers, GIS cartographer, medics, vets
Start Year 2011
 
Description GARC Asia rabies elimination projects 
Organisation Wise Monkey Foundation
Country United States of America 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution GIS training of staff Data management training of staff Data management software Data mapping and analysis
Collaborator Contribution Data access Intellectual input Implementation of data management software Coordination of training workshops
Impact Preparation of figures for accepted manuscript "Implementation of an intersectoral program to eliminate human and canine rabies: The Bohol Rabies Prevention and Elimination Project" Co-authorship on accepted manuscript "Surveillance guidelines for disease elimination: a case study of canine rabies" Data management systems implemented in vet offices Multi-disciplinary - modellers, GIS cartographer, medics, vets
Start Year 2011
 
Description Gates Foundation project in Kwa Zulu Natal, South Africa 
Organisation Government of South Africa
Department Veterinary Services in Kwa Zulu Natal
Country South Africa, Republic of 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Data mapping and analysis
Collaborator Contribution Data access
Impact Figures for meetings and campaign planning
Start Year 2010
 
Description Gates Foundation project in Kwa Zulu Natal, South Africa 
Organisation University of Pretoria
Country South Africa, Republic of 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Data mapping and analysis
Collaborator Contribution Data access
Impact Figures for meetings and campaign planning
Start Year 2010
 
Description Gates Foundation project in Kwa Zulu Natal, South Africa 
Organisation World Health Organization (WHO)
Country Global 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Data mapping and analysis
Collaborator Contribution Data access
Impact Figures for meetings and campaign planning
Start Year 2010
 
Description Gates Foundation project in Tanzania 
Organisation World Health Organization (WHO)
Country Global 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Mobile phone surveillance system development and training of government personnel Masters and PhD students Data analysis Surveys Project coordinator provided with 2 weeks in Glasgow to conduct data review and take part in discussions Workshops on rabies surveillance
Collaborator Contribution Data access Personnel
Impact Zacharia Mtema PhD thesis 'Integrated disease surveillance and response systems to resource limited settings' and manuscripts in preparation Sambo Maganga MSc thesis 'Epidemiological dynamics of rabies in Tanzania and its impacts on local communities' and manuscript in press at PLoS NTDs Surveys across Gates zone Mobile phone surveillance system, which is in the process of being integrated into the government disease surveillance system Data analysis for progress report to National Institute for Medical Research in Tanzania Data analysis for Gates project meeting reports
Start Year 2010
 
Description Gates Foundation project in the Visayas, Philippines 
Organisation Animal Welfare Coalition (AWC), Philippines
Department Visayas Rabies Elimination Project
Country Philippines, Republic of the 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution employment of research assistant GIS training of staff survey design and costs
Collaborator Contribution hosting and supervising research assistant coordination and supervision of surveys organisation of GIS training
Impact Dog population survey of the Camotes Islands, Visayas, Philippines GIS training of government rabies control personnel Household survey of Region 6, Visayas, Philippines - manuscript on the survey data analysis and modelling of rabies transmission in preparation, title: 'Causes and consequences of low rabies vaccination coverage in dog populations of the Visayas, Philippines' Multi-disciplinary - medics, vets, animal welfare
Start Year 2010
 
Description Gates Foundation project in the Visayas, Philippines 
Organisation Government of the Republic of the Philippines
Department Visayas Region
Country Philippines, Republic of the 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution employment of research assistant GIS training of staff survey design and costs
Collaborator Contribution hosting and supervising research assistant coordination and supervision of surveys organisation of GIS training
Impact Dog population survey of the Camotes Islands, Visayas, Philippines GIS training of government rabies control personnel Household survey of Region 6, Visayas, Philippines - manuscript on the survey data analysis and modelling of rabies transmission in preparation, title: 'Causes and consequences of low rabies vaccination coverage in dog populations of the Visayas, Philippines' Multi-disciplinary - medics, vets, animal welfare
Start Year 2010
 
Description Gates Foundation project in the Visayas, Philippines 
Organisation World Health Organization (WHO)
Country Global 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution employment of research assistant GIS training of staff survey design and costs
Collaborator Contribution hosting and supervising research assistant coordination and supervision of surveys organisation of GIS training
Impact Dog population survey of the Camotes Islands, Visayas, Philippines GIS training of government rabies control personnel Household survey of Region 6, Visayas, Philippines - manuscript on the survey data analysis and modelling of rabies transmission in preparation, title: 'Causes and consequences of low rabies vaccination coverage in dog populations of the Visayas, Philippines' Multi-disciplinary - medics, vets, animal welfare
Start Year 2010
 
Description Gates Foundation project in the Visayas, Philippines 
Organisation World Society for the Protection of Animals (WSPA)
Country Canada 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution employment of research assistant GIS training of staff survey design and costs
Collaborator Contribution hosting and supervising research assistant coordination and supervision of surveys organisation of GIS training
Impact Dog population survey of the Camotes Islands, Visayas, Philippines GIS training of government rabies control personnel Household survey of Region 6, Visayas, Philippines - manuscript on the survey data analysis and modelling of rabies transmission in preparation, title: 'Causes and consequences of low rabies vaccination coverage in dog populations of the Visayas, Philippines' Multi-disciplinary - medics, vets, animal welfare
Start Year 2010
 
Description Jamshedpur rabies and dog population control 
Organisation Association for Prevention and Control of Rabies in India (APCRI)
Country India, Republic of 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Data management Survey design
Collaborator Contribution Field project implementation Data management software Coordination
Impact Not yet as project is still in early stages
Start Year 2013
 
Description Jamshedpur rabies and dog population control 
Organisation Global Alliance for Rabies Control
Country United States of America 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Data management Survey design
Collaborator Contribution Field project implementation Data management software Coordination
Impact Not yet as project is still in early stages
Start Year 2013
 
Description Jamshedpur rabies and dog population control 
Organisation Humane Society International
Country United States of America 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Data management Survey design
Collaborator Contribution Field project implementation Data management software Coordination
Impact Not yet as project is still in early stages
Start Year 2013
 
Description Jamshedpur rabies and dog population control 
Organisation Nature Conservation Research Centre (NCRC)
Country Ghana, Republic of 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Data management Survey design
Collaborator Contribution Field project implementation Data management software Coordination
Impact Not yet as project is still in early stages
Start Year 2013
 
Description Jamshedpur rabies and dog population control 
Organisation Wise Monkey Foundation
Country United States of America 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Data management Survey design
Collaborator Contribution Field project implementation Data management software Coordination
Impact Not yet as project is still in early stages
Start Year 2013
 
Description Kenya Rabies Elimination Research 
Organisation Kenyan Institute for Medical Research (KEMRI)
Country Kenya, Republic of 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Mentoring and technical advice and support for publication development
Collaborator Contribution Implementation of field research and project development
Impact Wellcome Trust fellowship to Dr Thumbi Mwangi
Start Year 2015
 
Description Latin American rabies prevention and control 
Organisation Pan American Health Organization
Country United States of America 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Data cleaning, visualisation, analysis and modelling to be conducted, recommendations to be made on rabies surveillance and control
Collaborator Contribution Data, expertise
Impact Expected outcomes: Publication/s Presentation at REDIPRA
Start Year 2014
 
Description Maintaining freedom from rabies in Japan 
Organisation Rakuno Gakuen University
Country Japan 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Discussions during visit made by Dr. Kohei Makita on rabies incursion prevention and potential control strategies for Japan, involving Katie Hampson, Sunny Townsend and Sarah Cleaveland Supervision of postgraduate student Hazumu Kadowaki by Katie Hampson exploring data on rabies vaccination and incursions.
Collaborator Contribution Intellectual, data provision
Impact Expected outcomes: Masters thesis Policy recommendations for Japanese government Publication/s
Start Year 2013
 
Description Mission Rabies 
Organisation Mission Rabies
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK) 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Technical support
Collaborator Contribution Project implementation
Impact http://www.missionrabies.com/theteam/
Start Year 2013
 
Description Transmission dynamics of rabies in Kwa Zulu Natal, South Africa 
Organisation Government of South Africa
Department Department of Agriculture, Forestry & Fisheries (DAFF)
Country South Africa, Republic of 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Hosting Masters student for 2 months to provide training in epidemiological and phylogenetic data analysis
Collaborator Contribution Intellectual input Masters student, Theodorus Mollentze
Impact Masters project "Transmission Dynamics of Rabies in Kwa Zulu Natal" Manuscript in review at PRSB 'A Bayesian approach for inferring the dynamics of partially observed endemic infectious diseases from space-time-genetic data' by Theodorus Mollentze et al. Multi-disciplinary: Vets, molecular epidemiologists, modellers, statisticians
Start Year 2010
 
Description Transmission dynamics of rabies in Kwa Zulu Natal, South Africa 
Organisation University of Pretoria
Department Microbiology & Plant Pathology Pretoria
Country South Africa, Republic of 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Hosting Masters student for 2 months to provide training in epidemiological and phylogenetic data analysis
Collaborator Contribution Intellectual input Masters student, Theodorus Mollentze
Impact Masters project "Transmission Dynamics of Rabies in Kwa Zulu Natal" Manuscript in review at PRSB 'A Bayesian approach for inferring the dynamics of partially observed endemic infectious diseases from space-time-genetic data' by Theodorus Mollentze et al. Multi-disciplinary: Vets, molecular epidemiologists, modellers, statisticians
Start Year 2010
 
Description Wise Monkey - data management for rabies control projects and studies 
Organisation Global Alliance for Rabies Control
Country United States of America 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Liaison with rabies projects Implementation and training in the field
Collaborator Contribution Database design and development Implementation in the field Rabies project coordinators
Impact http://www.wisemonkeyfoundation.org/
Start Year 2011
 
Description Wise Monkey - data management for rabies control projects and studies 
Organisation Wise Monkey Foundation
Country United States of America 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Liaison with rabies projects Implementation and training in the field
Collaborator Contribution Database design and development Implementation in the field Rabies project coordinators
Impact http://www.wisemonkeyfoundation.org/
Start Year 2011
 
Title Mobile phone-based surveillance system in Tanzania 
Description The mobile phone-based surveillance system was developed in consultation with public health and veterinary stakeholders from research institutes and government authorities across Southern Tanzania. Most health and veterinary facilities had no internet access and unreliable power, but mobile phone reception was widely available and local workers all already owned mobile phones. The system was developed to use the Global System for Mobile communication (GSM) and General Packet Radio Service (GPRS) network infrastructure, which is widely available from mobile phone network providers in Tanzania, with coverage strength and quality largely determined by proximity to a network tower. The system comprises a centralized server with a MySQL database for data storage and management, and client-side java enabled mobile phone handsets running open source software (openXdata). 
Type Of Technology Webtool/Application 
Year Produced 2011 
Impact Improved surveillance of rabies in Tanzania and improved healthcare for people bitten by suspect dogs which has resulted in lives saved. Publications in preparation. 
URL http://www.esurveillance.or.tz/
 
Title Wise Monkey Portal for monitoring rabies surveillance and control 
Description The Wise Monkey Portal hosts web applications in a controlled environment and offered in a 'Software As A Service' model. The software services, and associated data, are centrally hosted in the cloud. 
Type Of Technology Webtool/Application 
Year Produced 2010 
Impact Improved data management for rabies related research projects in Tanzania and the Philippines 
URL http://www.wisemonkeyfoundation.org/
 
Company Name Wise Monkey Foundation 
Description http://www.wisemonkeyfoundation.org/about.html 
Year Established 2012 
Impact Adopted by local governments, NGOs and researchers in Indonesia, the Philippines, India and Tanzania for improved management and security of rabies related data
Website http://www.wisemonkeyfoundation.org/about.html
 
Description The impacts of rabies and benefits of prevention 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Presentation at the WHO Global conference: Global elimination of dog-mediated human rabies, the time is now. Geneva, Switzerland, December 2015
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.who.int/rabies/international_conference_dog_mediated_human_rabies/en/
 
Description 1st International Conference on Dog population Management 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact 1st International Conference on Dog Population Management 2012, fera, York, September 4-8, 2012

Talk by Katie Hampson: 'The role of Dog Population Management in the Control of Rabies',
Talk by Sarah Cleaveland: "Partners for Rabies Prevention"



Reinforcement and development of collaborations
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
URL https://secure.fera.defra.gov.uk/dogs2012/index.cfm
 
Description Article for online newspaper The Conversation 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact TBC
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL https://theconversation.com/rabies-a-global-killer-that-dog-jabs-can-eliminate-32289
 
Description British Ecological Society 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation at: British Ecological Society Annual meeting, thematic session: Using ecology to guide public health policy, Edinburgh, UK, December 2015. From disease ecology to disease control: science, policy and practice of rabies elimination. (KH)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Data Management Training Course with GARC 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Workshop Facilitator
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Health professionals
Results and Impact Three day course in using the Wise Monkey Portal and an intro to GIS and mapping using data from the database:

Details: GARC CARE Project Data Management Training Course, Laguna, Philippines, 10-12 July 2012

Attended by 10 trainees from Philippines and Indonesia

Database is being used by vet and health practitioners
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description David Livingstone and the Scottish Encounter with Tropical Disease 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Keynote/Invited Speaker
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact >200 members of the public
Glasgow, Feb 2013
Talk by Sarah Cleaveland "Tropical veterinary diseases"


TBC
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://www.gla.ac.uk/researchinstitutes/iii/wtcmp/davidlivingstonesymposium/
 
Description Dr. Maziku visit to Glasgow 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Workshop Facilitator
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Health professionals
Results and Impact Invited national coordinator of the WHO-Gates rabies elimination demonstration project in Tanzania, Dr. Matthew Maziku, to the University of Glasgow for discussions and a workshop on developing a framework for evaluating rabies elimination programs.

Dr. Maziku supported implementation of rabies vaccination coverage surveys in Tanzania and is championing the incorporation of a developed mobile phone surveillance system into the disease surveillance system of the Tanzanian government
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Engaging with Bangladesh rabies control coordinators 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/parliamentarians
Results and Impact Discussion of rabies epidemiology and control with about 10 people involved in the planning and implementation of a national rabies elimination project in Bangladesh

Presentation given entitled 'Independent data analysis & modelling support for rabies control programmes'

Established collaboration
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Engaging with the Bali rabies control programme 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Rabies Control Workshop (Udayana University & Bali Animal Welfare Association). Bali, Indonesia, Sept 2010.

'Dynamics of Rabies and Implications for Control: application to the Bali outbreak' Katie Hampson

'Modelling interventions for rabies control' Sunny Townsend, Katie Hampson and Dan Haydon

Established collaborations
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
 
Description Establishing links with Philippines Gates project coordinators 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/parliamentarians
Results and Impact Presentation and discussion 'Understanding how a complex intervention works: designing large-scale vaccination programs'.
Presented at WHO Country Office, Manila, Department of Health, Manila and Bureau of Animal Industry, Manila, August 2010.

Established collaboration
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
 
Description European Meeting on Viral Zoonoses 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Keynote/Invited Speaker
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Audience ~200
St. Raphael, France, October 2011 - keynote presentation by Sarah Cleaveland "Ecology of viral zoonoses: From Individuals to Ecosystems"

TBC
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description FAO/GARC Workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Keynote/Invited Speaker
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Rome, Italy
6-8 November 2012
S. Cleaveland talk: "Development of the Progressive Control Pathway for Rabies".

Document 'DEVELOPING A
STEPWISE APPROACH FOR
RABIES PREVENTION AND CONTROL'
http://www.fao.org/docrep/019/i3467e/i3467e.pdf
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Financial Chronicle Article 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact NA
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://www.mydigitalfc.com/knowledge/infection-and-importance-inoculation-239
 
Description Financial Chronicle article 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact TBC
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://www.mydigitalfc.com/knowledge/infection-and-importance-inoculation-239
 
Description From disease ecology to disease control: science, policy and practice of rabies elimination. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Invited talk at the British Ecological Society Annual meeting, thematic session: Using ecology to guide public health policy, Edinburgh, UK, December 2015
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description GPS and GIS training courses in Manila and Bohol, the Philippines 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Health professionals
Results and Impact 2011: 2 week-long courses attended by ~20 government veterinary and health professionals
2014: 3 week-long courses attended by ~30 government veterinary and health professionals

Maps made by participants have improved in quality, and they continue to seek support
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011,2014
 
Description Gates meetings 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/parliamentarians
Results and Impact about 20 people from WHO, Health and Agriculture departments of governments involved in Gates Foundation rabies elimination demonstration projects

Collaborations with projects
Contribution to discussion of projects and plans for future activities
Reporting on the latest research conducted as part of the grant
Lobbying governments to improve their surveillance and data management systems
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011,2012,2013,2014
URL http://www.who.int/rabies/bmgf_who_project/en/
 
Description Glasgow Science Festival 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact K Hampson participation as expert for event: Zombie Science: Brain of the Dead

TBC
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://glasgowsciencefestival.org.uk/events/sciencefestival/events/adult/headline_325418_en.html
 
Description Glasgow University's Professor Sarah Cleaveland on her quest to eliminate rabies 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Herald Scotland article on Prof Sarah Cleaveland, "Glasgow University's Professor Sarah Cleaveland on her quest to eliminate rabies": http://bit.ly/29WbT51
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.heraldscotland.com/news/14552485.Glasgow_University__39_s_Professor_Sarah_Cleaveland_on_h...
 
Description Herald Scotland article 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact TBC
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://www.heraldscotland.com/comment/columnists/agenda-the-eradication-of-infectious-disease.215375...
 
Description Launch of the Global Alliance for Rabies Control "End Rabies Now" Campaign at the House of Lords - February 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Participation at the launch of the Global Alliance for Rabies Control "End Rabies Now" Campaign at the House of Lords - February 2016 (SC). Discussions with the British Veterinary Association, WHO and World Animal Protection regarding advocacy and funding for rabies elimination campaigns.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Lessons in Controlling infections in dogs 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Guinea worm research workshop, University of Exeter, January 2017
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description OIE Global Conference on Rabies 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Keynote/Invited Speaker
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/parliamentarians
Results and Impact Audience ~400
Seoul, Korea. September 2011
Talks presented by Sarah Cleaveland:
'Reassessment of the Global Burden of Canine Rabies: Human and Animal Costs'
"Impacts of animal rabies: tourism, recreation and wildlife conservation"

Data collection for global burden study
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description OIE Global Conference on Wildlife 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Keynote/Invited Speaker
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Audience ~300
Paris, February 2011
Talk by Sarah Cleaveland "Domestic animal health programs to protect wildlife".

27. Cleaveland S. , Keyyu J., Auty H., Lembo T., Hampson K., Lankester F.J. and Kazwala R. (2012) Domestic animal health programs to protect wildlife. Compendium of the OIE Global Coference on Wildlife, 23-25 February 2011, Paris, OIE, pp. 91-100.
http://www.oie.int/doc/ged/D12062.pdf
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description OIE-WHO joint meeting on rabies vaccines and biologicals 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact Participation in OIE-WHO joint meeting on rabies vaccines and biologicals, Geneva, Switzerland, October 2015, contributing to discussion of establishment of rabies vaccine banks with private and public sector stakeholders as part of global elimination strategies
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description One Health for the Real World: partnership and pragmatism 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Cleaveland S. One Health for the Real World: partnership and pragmatism. ZSL One Health in the Real World. London, UK. 17-18 March 2016
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description PRP meetings 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Identification and prioritisation of goals for rabies elimination efforts


development of a joint declaration from WHO, FAO and OIE on the global elimination of rabies
http://rabiesalliance.org/media/press/who-oie-and-fao-unite-to-end-rabies
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010,2011,2012,2013
 
Description Pan-African Network for the Control of Rabies 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation at conference on the Pan-African Network for the Control of Rabies, South Africa, June 2015, on the step-wise approach to rabies control and elimination. Meeting brought together representatives from countries across sub-Saharan Africa to discuss development of regional rabies control and elimination strategies.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Partners for Rabies Prevention 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation at meeting of the Partners for Rabies Prevention, Wolfsberg, Switzerland, May 2015 on "Rabies control and elimination: research perspectives"
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Planning meeting with Bali government and FAO 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Keynote/Invited Speaker
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Policymakers/parliamentarians
Results and Impact Presented modelling results and data analysis to rabies control programme implementers

Contributed to securing support for a continued vaccination of Bali
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Planning meeting with Indonesian government and FAO 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Keynote/Invited Speaker
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/parliamentarians
Results and Impact Presented modelling study and data analysis results to policy makers in the Ministry of Agriculture

Contributed to securing support for a continued vaccination of Bali
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Pre-REDIPRA (Meeting of Rabies Directors of Latin America and the Caribbean) 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact Pre-REDIPRA (Meeting of Rabies Directors of Latin America and the Caribbean) Seminar: improving surveillance to guide elimination of rabies from Latin America and the Caribbean, Pan-American Health Organization/ PANAFTOSA, Brazil, September 2015
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.panaftosa.org/redipra15/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=81&Itemid=78&lang=en
 
Description Prof. Sarah Cleaveland OBE | Extended Interview 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact BBC Radio Scotland Interview with Prof Sarah Cleaveland, "Prof. Sarah Cleaveland OBE | Extended Interview": http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p0400673
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p0400673
 
Description RCVS open day presentation 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Talk stimulated interest and awareness about rabies as a major cause of non-malaria febrile illness, including approaches for dog management in rabies control.

Discussions with parliamentarians regarding potential opportunities for highlighting the problems of zoonotic diseases and engagement of UK government within global initiatives on zoonoses control
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.rcvs.org.uk/news-and-events/news/rcvs-day-an-updated-charter-and-a-royal-accolade/
 
Description RITA meeting 2011 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Rabies in The Americas (RITA) XXII Conference, San Juan, Puerto Rico, October 2011

Talk: 'Factors Influencing the Success of Vaccination in Controlling Rabies' Katie Hampson

reinforcement and development of collaborations
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description Rabies surveillance workshop (Tanzania 2013) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Health professionals
Results and Impact About 60 animal and human health professionals from across Tanzania and members of the Ministries of Health and Agriculture attended a workshop run by the research team on rabies and a mobile phone surveillance system which had been supporting their rabies related activities over the previous 2 years

There was much engaged discussion and feedback on the surveillance system, and plans emerged to ensure its sustainability
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Rabies-free Visayas 2011 meeting. Manila 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Health professionals
Results and Impact Update and discussion of involvement of the project in efforts towards a rabies-free Visayas, attended by chief veterinarians and doctors from each region of the Visayas

Myself and the project officially introduced to people who run the government rabies diagnostic laboratories in the region which is important for setting up sample access for sequencing
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description SACIDS-NIMR-Afrique One Conference on One Health 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Keynote/Invited Speaker
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Arusha, April 2013
Talk given by Sarah Cleaveland "The changing landscape of rabies epidemiology and control"

TBC
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://www.sacids.org/kms/frontend/index.php?m=119
 
Description SEARG meetings 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Paper Presentation
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Health professionals
Results and Impact Southern and Eastern African Rabies Group (SEARG) meeting

2011, Maputo:
'Transmission dynamics and control of rabies in Tanzania' Sunny Townsend, Hawthorne Beyer, Katie Hampson, Tiziana Lembo, Sarah Cleaveland, Dan Haydon
'Using mobile phones for rabies surveillance in Tanzania' Zacharia Mtema, Lwitiko Sikana, Khadija Said, Alpha Malishee, Maganga Sambo, Sarah Cleaveland, Tiziana Lembo, Katie Hampson
'Burden of Rabies discussion' Katie Hampson and Maganga Sambo
'Evaluation of cost-effective post-exposure vaccination regimens in Africa', Katie Hampson


2013, Dar es Salaam
Sarah Cleaveland "The relevance of research in the design of national rabies control programmes"
T. Lembo: "The Rabies Blueprint"
K. Brunker: "The Landscape Epidemiology of Rabies Virus"
M. Sambo: "Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices (KAP) related to rabies and its prevention and control: A community survey in Tanzania"
K. Lushashi: "Rabies control and prevention in Pemba Island"
L. Sikana: "Experiences from mobile phone surveillance in southern Tanzania"

Data collection for global burden study
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011,2013
URL http://www.searg.info
 
Description Seminar: improving surveillance to guide elimination of rabies from Latin America and the Caribbean 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Pre-REDIPRA (Meeting of Rabies Directors of Latin America and the Caribbean) Seminar: improving surveillance to guide elimination of rabies from Latin America and the Caribbean, Pan-American Health Organization/ PANAFTOSA, Brazil, September 2015. Invited seminar and participation in regional meeting to establish priorities for rabies control activitie sin the region.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.panaftosa.org/redipra15/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=59&Itemid=80&lang=en
 
Description Society of Biology Teachers Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Keynote/Invited Speaker
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Glasgow, June
Talk given by Sarah Cleaveland "Plagues, predators and pathogens: Infectious diseases in their natural context"

>100 teachers
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Swedish Veterinary Congress 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Keynote/Invited Speaker
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Health professionals
Results and Impact Swedish Veterinary Congress (organised by the Swedish Veterinary Association),
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, November 2013,
T. Lembo, S. Townsend, S. Cleaveland, K. Hampson: "Improving public health by vaccination of animals, rabies as an example".

TBC
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Third International One Health Congress 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Co-chaired panel on the utility of modelling for disease control at Third International One Health Congress, Amsterdam, Netherlands, March 2015. Presented paper on: Heterogeneity in the spread and control of disease: consequences for the elimination of canine rabies. (KH)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Tools and guidance to support rabies elimination. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Invited talk at working group: Partners for Rabies Prevention (PRP) Annual Meeting, Wolfsberg, Switzerland, May 2016
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://rabiesalliance.org/uploads/documents/PRP2016/Minutes_from_the_Partners_for_Rabies_Prevention...
 
Description WHO Rabies Expert Consultation 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Keynote/Invited Speaker
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/parliamentarians
Results and Impact Geneva, 2012
Katie Hampson "Rabies Burden"

TBC
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description WHO consultation on rabies 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact TBC
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description WHO-OIE-FAO-GARC meeting on the "Global Elimination of Canine-Mediated Rabies - The Time is Now" 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Meeting brought together representatives from countries across the world to establish a strategy and set target dates for the global elimination of canine rabies.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.oie.int/eng/RABIES2015/presentation.html
 
Description World Rabies Day Webinars 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Paper Presentation
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Health professionals
Results and Impact 2nd and 3rd Annual World Rabies Day Webinar Sep 2011 and 2012
http://www.worldrabiesday.org/EN/events/wrd-webinar.html

Talk 2011: 'Highlighting Knowledge Gaps in the Global Burden of Canine Rabies. World Rabies Day Webinar, September 2011' Katie Hampson

Talk 2012: 'Surveillance guidelines for rabies elimination programmes', Sunny Townsend

100s of people from over 60 countries from multiple sectors involved in rabies control and prevention attend these webinars as they are free and online

Practical questions came from all over the world
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011,2012
 
Description World Rabies Day, Bohol 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Health professionals
Results and Impact About 70 doctors from the island of Bohol
Educated on the cost-effectiveness of human rabies post-exposure vaccine use, to help reduce their costs and improve delivery to animal bite patients

Indication from some doctors that they may change their practices
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description World Vet Congress 2011 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Paper Presentation
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact 30th World Veterinary Congress 2011, Cape Town, South Africa, 10-14 October

Talk entitled 'Modelling interventions for rabies elimination in developing countries'

Approached by 2 people interested in the collaborations
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011