Catchment Hydrology, Resources, Economics and Management (ChREAM): Integrated Modelling of WFD Impacts upon Rural Land Use & Farm Incomes

Lead Research Organisation: University of East Anglia
Department Name: Environmental Sciences

Abstract

This project combines natural science and socio-economic research to assess the costs and benefits to the rural community of changing farming practices to produce a healthy and sustainable river environment of good amenity value. A key focus of the project is to examine how (within a context of reforms to the Common Agricultural Policy and complicating issues such as climate variability and non-agricultural sources of pollution) the implementation of the EU Water Framework Directive is likely to affect agricultural activities (eg due to possible restrictions on fertiliser use or faecal matter outputs from livestock) and so impact upon incomes within already fragile farming communities.



The research will also assess the potential water amenity and recreational benefits arising from such policies and compare this to their likely cost. Central to the methodology will be an interdisciplinary framework that combines water quality modelling with farm surveys and economic analyses to provide an integrated study of this multifaceted issue. The project will build upon the findings from a number of previous studies and focus on a case study of the Humber catchment (which covers a fifth of the area of England from the midlands to north Yorkshire and across to the east coast).

Publications

10 25 50
 
Description (i) The ChREAM (Catchment Hydrology, Resources, Economics and Management) analysis shows that market, policy and environmental drivers all significantly influence agricultural land use. For example, forecast climate change is likely to increase farm incomes in those (mainly upland) areas which are currently disadvantaged by lower temperatures and higher rainfalls.



(ii) FIO levels cannot be adequately controlled through purely rural land use measures such as reductions in livestock intensities, urban measures are the major issue here.



(iii) significant improvements in river water quality can be generated by policies aimed at altering agricultural land use, but that these will lower farm incomes.



iv) The major potential beneficiaries of such river improvements are in urban areas. Comparison of these and the prior results suggest that such schemes would pass cost - benefit rules but would cause a marked redistribution of welfare from rural to urban populations raising concerns about the equity implications of satisfying WFD requirements.



(v) Within any given locality, the value of additional river quality enhancements diminishes significantly once an initial river is improved.
Exploitation Route Turn research findings into a tool for decision makers
Sectors Agriculture, Food and Drink,Environment,Leisure Activities, including Sports, Recreation and Tourism,Government, Democracy and Justice

URL http://www.cserge.ac.uk/past-research-projects/
 
Description SEER findings under pin both the UK National Ecosystem Assessment (which in turn supports the 2011 Environment White Paper) and the 'State of Natural Capital' reports from the Natural Capital Committee (which underpin the Governments ongoing 25 Year Plan for the Environment)
First Year Of Impact 2011
Sector Agriculture, Food and Drink,Communities and Social Services/Policy,Environment,Government, Democracy and Justice
Impact Types Cultural,Societal,Economic

 
Description A common approach for valuing water quality across the EU 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/parliamentarians
Results and Impact Presentation to the Advisory Board and Policy Executive

Unknown
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
 
Description Analyzing water framework directive impacts using a multinomial logit land use model 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Paper prepared for presentation at the 107th EAAE Seminar "Modelling of Agricultural

and Rural Development Policies". Sevilla, Spain, January 29th -February 1st, 2008

Unknown
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2008
 
Description AquaMoney - UK case study : integrating revealed and stated preference approaches to valuing benefits of the water framework directive 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Second Plenary AquaMoney Meeting

Unknown
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
 
Description Background and proposed methodology 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Presentation given at the first economic analysis meeting of the UK National Ecosystem Assessment (NEA).

Informing collaborators of the proposed methodology sparked discussion and debate around ways forward
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
 
Description Catchment hydrology, resources, economics and management (ChREAM) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Presented by Ian Bateman to Axis 2/ Ecosystems Group

Unknown
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2008
URL http://www.uea.ac.uk/env/cserge/research/relu/index
 
Description Catchment hydrology, resources, economics and management (ChREAM) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/parliamentarians
Results and Impact Presentation to HRH Prince Charles and other visiting dignitaries.

Unknown
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
URL http://www.uea.ac.uk/env/cserge/research/relu/index
 
Description Catchment hydrology, resources, economics and management (ChREAM) integrated modelling of WFD impacts on rural land use and farm incomes 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/parliamentarians
Results and Impact RELU workshop on expert systems for natural resources management

Interest n tools potentially useful to other projects
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2009
URL http://www.relu.ac.uk/events/RELU%20workshop%20on%20Expert%20Systems%20summary.pdf
 
Description Catchment hydrology, resources, economics and management : ChREAM 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Supporters
Results and Impact PDF Poster

Unknown
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2007
URL http://www.uea.ac.uk/env/cserge/
 
Description Farm land use modelling in the ChREAM project 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Farm Production Modelling Workshop

Research ideas and potential inputs collected
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2007
 
Description Integrated modelling of WFD impacts upon rural land use and farm incomes 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Powerpoint presentation

Unknown
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2007
URL http://www.uea.ac.uk/env/cserge/research/relu/ChREAM_MFTF_presentation.pdf
 
Description Land use change : economic and water quality impacts 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Northern Rural Network and RELU conference Rural Land Use in the North: Future Challenges

outcomes from the days discussion were fed into the Government's Foresight project on land use.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2009
URL http://www.relu.ac.uk/events/Majorprogrammeevents.htm
 
Description Modelling and valuing the impacts of the water framework directive 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Presented by Ian Bateman at the People and the Rural Environment Forum

Unknown
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2008
URL http://www.uea.ac.uk/env/cserge/research/relu/index
 
Description Modelling the full effects of policy, market or environmental change 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/parliamentarians
Results and Impact Presentation to the Right Hon. Hilary Benn, Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, John Innes Research Centre

Unknown
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
 
Description Predicting faecal organism pollution in riverine environments in response to land use changes 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Presentation to the Environmental Social Science Lunchtime seminar series.

Interest in water quality locally
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2008
 
Description Preferences : from construction to discovery? 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Presented to the Research Seminar Series, Commerce Division.

N/A
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2006
 
Description Proposals for a trans-EU common design aquamoney study 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact The third plenary AquaMoney meeting

Unknown
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
 
Description Reducing gains/loss asymmetry : a virtual reality choice experiment (VRCE) valuing land use change 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Paper presented at the ESRC Preference Elicitation Group (PEG) workshop: 'Responding to anomalies in stated preference studies'.

Sparked discussion and questions regarding VR
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2008
URL http://www.ucl.ac.uk/~ucesswo/PEG%20Workshop%2005-12-06.htm
 
Description Structural agricultural land use modelling : a spatial analysis using high-resolution data 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact 11th Occasional California Workshop on Environmental and Natural Resource Economics

Higher than expected interest
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2009
 
Description The ecosystem services approach to economic planning : is there a role for economics in biodiversity conservation? 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/parliamentarians
Results and Impact Presented to the Communist Party of China's Central Committee (CPCCC) and the Chinese Ministry of Environmental Protection as part of the Senior Chinese Policy Maker Study Visit: "Low-carbon industrialisation and ecologically balanced environments"

Unknown
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
 
Description The way forward 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Presentation given at the first economic analysis meeting of the National Ecosystem Assessment (NEA).

Debate around how the economic analysis should proceed.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
 
Description Using geographical information systems (GIS) and virtual reality (VR) to bring the environment into economic analyses 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact The School of Geography and Environmental Science (SGES) seminar series

Unknown
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
 
Description Valuing environmental costs and benefits 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/parliamentarians
Results and Impact Presentation to the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) : advanced leadership programme for officials of the Chinese Government.

Unknown
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
 
Description Valuing environmental preferences : new tools for policy appraisal 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact DEFRA seminar : economic valuation of the environment : policy applications

Unknown
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
 
Description Valuing spatially dispersed environmental goods : a structural and econometric model 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Presentation by Silvia Ferrini at the EAERE 2008 conference in Gothenburg

Unknown
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2008
 
Description Valuing the non-market benefits of water quality improvements in rivers and wetlands : incorporating spatial and visual complexity 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/parliamentarians
Results and Impact Presented at Wetlands and Aquatic Ecosystems: Their Functions and Values, a knowledge exchange workshop for research scientists and practitioners from Europe and Southern Africa.

Unknown
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2009
 
Description Which crops will we grow in the future? 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Presentation at the Royal Norfolk Show 1-2 July 2009.

Expressions of interest in environmental research at the UEA
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2009