Characterising the Higgs boson to search for new physics

Lead Research Organisation: Imperial College London
Department Name: Dept of Physics

Abstract

The discovery of the Higgs boson by the ATLAS and CMS detectors was the greatest success of the first run of the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN and represented a huge step forward in the experimental verification of the Standard Model (SM) of particle physics. In proton-proton collisions, the Higgs boson is produced and subsequently decays via a number of different processes. The SM, our best description of the fundamental interaction of particles, accurately predicts the rate at which each of these processes occurs.

Despite the remarkable success of the SM, we know it to be an incomplete picture. For example, it provides no explanation for the existence of dark matter. The LHC uniquely offers the opportunity to study Higgs production and decay and allow us to see how well nature agrees with the theoretical predictions. Any deviation from the predictions will be a clear sign of the existence of new physics and provide hints as to where physicists should be looking next. Moreover, if dark matter interacts with the Higgs boson, additional decays of the Higgs boson to dark matter particles will produce detectable signatures at the LHC, providing a link between the SM and dark matter. This research programme proposed is to probe potential new physics with the Higgs boson through a series of precision couplings and properties measurements building towards a full characterisation of the Higgs boson.

These measurements are a major focus of the LHC, CERN and in general of the European strategy for particle physics. The measurements can be interpreted in a number of theoretical models proposed to extend the SM. The aim of this research is to connect precision Higgs measurements with physics beyond the SM in order to fully characterise the Higgs boson which will be a key consideration in the design of future experiments in the search for new physics.

Publications

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Lyons L (2018) Statistical issues in searches for new phenomena in High Energy Physics in Journal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle Physics