Sedentism and Resource Management in the Neolithic of Western Iran

Lead Research Organisation: University of Reading
Department Name: Archaeology

Abstract

Sedentism and Resource Management in the Neolithic of the Central Zagros

One of the most significant transformations in history took place after the last Ice Age, from c. 14,000 BC (all dates calibrated BC), when human communities began to settle down in villages and to exploit intensively the resources around them, including plants and animals. In time people changed from being mobile hunter-foragers to settled farmers and stock-keepers, with domesticated crops and animals. Often called the Neolithic transformation, this fundamental development in the human condition steadily spread across much of the world and led ultimately, through surplus accumulation and social differentiation, to the emergence of towns, cities, and empires, thus shaping the modern world.

One region where these developments occurred early is Southwest Asia (also called the Middle East or Near East). In recent decades there has been much work on Neolithic developments in this region through excavations in Turkey, northern plains of Iraq, Syria, Jordan, and Israel, which have demonstrated the great variability in local trajectories of development from hunter-forager to village-farmer. One area that has not been investigated since the 1970s is the Zagros Mountain region and hilly flanks of western Iran and eastern Iraq. Earlier work in this region was of key importance in exploring the Neolithic transformation, with excavations at sites such as Jarmo, Asiab, Sarab, Ali Kosh, and Ganj Dareh in the 1950s-70s. These researches indicated that Neolithic communities changed to sedentary lifestyles and began using fired ceramics, the earliest in Southwest Asia, by c. 7900 BC. Study of the plant and animal remains suggested that communities favoured use of lentils, peas, and nuts over cereals and that wild goat were intensively hunted. There was arguable evidence for domestication of goat by c. 7900 BC.

Since 1979 there has been almost no fieldwork concerning the Neolithic of this area and the evidence is now decades out of date compared to the rest of Southwest Asia and beyond. The Central Zagros Archaeological Project (CZAP) is a UK-Iraqi-Iranian programme, focusing on the Neolithic period, run by the University of Reading, Bu Ali Sina University, Iran, and Sulaimaniyah Antiquities Directorate, Iraq. Supported by the British Academy, excavations were conducted in 2008 at two Early Neolithic sites, Sheikh-e Abad and Jani, with highly productive results. 14C dates indicate that the sites were occupied from c. 10,000 to 7500 BC.

The objectives are to investigate research questions within the Early Neolithic of the central Zagros. How did early sedentism take place and did it develop from temporary and seasonal to permanent and year-round? How was architecture constructed and how was early village space used and socialised? What was the role of ritual and human burial in social cohesion at this time? What modes of animal husbandry were employed, including intensive hunting, herding, and domestication of goats, native in the wild to the Zagros? What plant resources were exploited and how? What is the absolute chronology of development in the Zagros Neolithic? These questions will be addressed through excavation at the sites of Sheikh-e Abad, Jani, Bestansur and Shimshara.

Results from this research will be of value in situating the central Zagros within the Neolithic transformation in Southwest Asia, and will serve as a model for the application of inter-disciplinary approaches to archaeological questions. The research will assist in placing our own species within a rich context of ecological and social change that characterised the Neolithic transformation following the end of the last Ice Age, one of the most impactful episodes in human history.

Planned Impact

Who will benefit from this research? 1. Those in government, and more widely, interested in improving UK-Iran relations 2. Museums and heritage bodies in Iran 3. Charities such as the British Institute for Persian Studies (BIPS), the Iran Heritage Foundation (IHF) 4. The wider public, in the UK, Iran, and globally, interested in an important episode in human history 5. Staff working on the project How will they benefit? The research will benefit wide sectors of society in the UK, Iran, and globally. At the broadest level, as a project of collaborative engagement with academics in Iran, the project stands as an example of how cultural and intellectual interaction can transcend the political barriers that are often imposed between our two countries. UK academics working in Iran are in the vanguard of diplomatic engagement, and can serve to improve the atmosphere of UK-Iran relations, thus to benefit the governments and peoples of both countries. Local and national museums in Iran will benefit from the input of new material and interpretations to enhance their exhibitions. Iran's developing heritage industry will benefit from the presentation of Sheikh-e Abad as a visitor attraction, close to the UNESCO World Heritage Site of Bisotun. Charities such as BIPS and IHF, as well as the British Academy, will benefit from involvement with a successful collaborative UK-Iran project, likely to enhance positive attitudes within the UK and Iran to such organisations and their work. All staff working on the project, from Iran and the UK, will benefit from involvement in a collaborative engagement, both in terms of enhancing their knowledge and experience and as regards the development of specific and generic skills which will be of benefit to them in future careers, within archaeology and beyond. The wider public will benefit from a significant increase in the publicly accessible knowledge-base concerning the origins of sedentism and animal-management, a major episode in human history. What will be done to ensure that they benefit? All potential beneficiaries will benefit from a programme of outreach in the UK and Iran directed by the PI and Co-I and administered by the Data Manager/Project Assistant, whose remit will include administration of outreach. Meetings of the Steering Committee will prioritise impact and outreach as a recurrent agenda item to ensure that opportunities are being maximised. Government officials and diplomats interested in UK-Iran relations will be engaged through invitation to public lectures, workshops, conferences, and exhibitions arising from the project, taking place in the UK and Iran. Museums in Iran and the UK will be kept informed of opportunities for engagement and displays relating to the project. As official government institutions, museums in Iran at local and national levels will be intimately involved in the project. Charities such as BIPS and IHF will be engaged and invited to support and participate in its public events. Staff working on the project will develop skills and expertise through training and guidance provided by the PI, Co-I, and more senior members of the project, partly in-field in Iran and partly through established programmes of skills development at UCL and University of Reading. The wider public will benefit from opportunities to attend lectures, workshops and exhibitions concerning the project, in the UK and Iran. A major exhibition will be mounted at the Institute of Archaeology UCL and University of Reading, with public opening ceremonies, to mark the conclusion of the project. The public will be able to engage with the project by means of the project website, components of which will be designed for the public, and through a programme of outreach via the media. Within Iran, the public will benefit directly from the creation of the site of Sheikh-e

Publications

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Bendrey R (2014) Care in the community? Interpretations of a fractured goat bone from Neolithic Jarmo, Iraq. in International journal of paleopathology

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Bendrey R (2014) Environmental archaeologies of Neolithisation: Europe in Environmental Archaeology

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Cooper E (2018) Spring Excavations in Kurdistan: Bestansur 2017 in The Canadian Society for Mesopotamian Studies Journal

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De Reu, J. 3D recording of ground stones at Bestansur in Archaeometry

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Matthews W (2014) Early Farmers

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Matthews, Dr. Roger; Matthews, Wendy; Mohammadifar, Yaghoub (2013) The Earliest Neolithic of Iran: 2008 Excavations at Sheikh-e Abad and Jani

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Richardson A (2019) Pre-Pottery Clay Innovation in the Zagros Foothills PRE-POTTERY CLAY INNOVATION in Oxford Journal of Archaeology

 
Description The project's excavations at the Neolithic sites of Bestansur and Shimshara in Iraqi Kurdistan have brought to light dramatic new evidence for the earliest stages in the transition from hunting and foraging to animal herding and plant cultivation, in the period 8000-7000 BC. Excavations at Bestansur have investigated an extraordinary cultic building with traces of painted wall plaster and the remains of at least 55 human individuals buried under the floors of a central room.

Through this research we are tracking the early domestication and management of animal species such as goat and sheep, as well as the transition from plant gathering to plant cultivation. We are also investigating the process of sedentarisation by early settled communities.
Exploitation Route We plan to take these findings forward both by using them as a platform for further phases of research in the area into the Neolithic transition, and also as the basis for an ambitious programme of outreach and impact centring on a new exhibition hall in Slemani Museum and on-site displays at the site of Bestansur.
Sectors Education,Culture, Heritage, Museums and Collections

URL http://www.czap.org/
 
Description We have been conducting local outreach and impact in Iraqi Kurdistan since the start of our research and fieldwork there in 2012, in collaboration with colleagues from Slemani Museum in Sulaimaniyah, Iraqi Kurdistan. This programme has so far involved mutliple organised visits to the site of Bestansur by groups of school pupils, school teachers, local villagers and tourists. Key non-academic stake-holders include: local villagers and farmers; inhabitants of major local towns and cities, in particular Sulaimaniyah; visitors to the region coming from other parts of Iraqi Kurdistan and Iraq; visitors to the region coming from outside Iraq; the global community interested in the origins and early development of farming and village life and the prehistoric past of Iraqi Kurdistan. We are currently preparing an application to the AHRC Follow-On Funding scheme for a programme of museum exhibition and on-site information directly drawing on the research conducted in this project. We have also applied to the DCMS Cultural Protection Fund but unfortunately were not successful. We will re-work the application and re-apply this year (2017). The application involves major re-design of the Prehistory Gallery in Slemani Museum and construction of a site Visitor Centre at Bestansur. We are also delighted that the Iraqi Government submitted a nomination for Bestansur to the UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List, now approved: https://whc.unesco.org/en/tentativelists/6172/
First Year Of Impact 2016
Sector Education,Culture, Heritage, Museums and Collections
Impact Types Cultural,Societal

 
Description Dr Wendy Matthews, AHRC South West and Wales Doctoral Training Partnership University of Reading Academic Lead and Management Board Representative
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
Impact AHRC SWW DTP PGR research is impacting policy and practice across a wide range of sectors from precision farming and heritage management to cultural heritage and well-being.
URL https://www.sww-ahdtp.ac.uk
 
Description BISI Research Grant
Amount £3,000 (GBP)
Organisation British Institute for the Study of Iraq 
Sector Learned Society
Country Unknown
Start 04/2017 
End 06/2017
 
Description BISI Research Grant
Amount £2,000 (GBP)
Organisation British Institute for the Study of Iraq 
Sector Learned Society
Country Unknown
Start 06/2016 
End 03/2017
 
Description British Academy International Partnership Award
Amount £30,000 (GBP)
Organisation The British Academy 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2015 
End 12/2018
 
Description British Academy postdoctoral fellowship
Amount £120,000 (GBP)
Organisation The British Academy 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2018 
End 12/2020
 
Description British Institute of Persian Studies Research Grant
Amount £6,000 (GBP)
Organisation British Institute of Persian Studies 
Sector Learned Society
Country United Kingdom
Start 08/2016 
End 07/2017
 
Description ERC Advanced Grant
Amount € 2,500,000 (EUR)
Organisation European Commission 
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 10/2018 
End 09/2023
 
Description G A Wainwright Fellowship in Near Eastern Archaeology
Amount £100,000 (GBP)
Organisation University of Oxford 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2015 
End 12/2017
 
Description Horizon2020 Marie Sklodowska-Curie Individual Fellowship
Amount € 183,455 (EUR)
Funding ID 702529 
Organisation European Commission 
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 06/2016 
End 05/2018
 
Description NERC Life Sciences Mass Spectrometry Facility
Amount £15,160 (GBP)
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2011 
End 12/2014
 
Description NERC Life Sciences Mass Spectrometry Facility
Amount £9,399 (GBP)
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2016 
End 09/2017
 
Description NERC Radiocarbon Facility (ref. NF/2016/2/5)
Amount £2,415 (GBP)
Funding ID NF/2016/2/5 
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Department NERC Radiocarbon Facility (Environment)
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start  
 
Description National Geographic Society Europe Explorer
Amount $21,200 (USD)
Funding ID HJ-R005-17 
Organisation National Geographic 
Sector Private
Country United States
Start 04/2017 
End 03/2018
 
Description Outreach Grant
Amount £500 (GBP)
Organisation British Institute for the Study of Iraq 
Sector Learned Society
Country Unknown
Start 04/2017 
End 12/2017
 
Description Oxford Radiocarbon Laboratory
Amount £2,500 (GBP)
Organisation University of Oxford 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 11/2017 
End 01/2018
 
Description Research Grant
Amount $74,000 (CAD)
Organisation Government of Canada 
Sector Public
Country Canada
Start 03/2016 
End 06/2019
 
Description Research grant
Amount £15,000 (GBP)
Organisation Society of Antiquaries of London 
Sector Learned Society
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2018 
End 09/2020
 
Description Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC) Insight Development Grant
Amount $74,010 (USD)
Funding ID CAN. 2015-2017 
Organisation Government of Canada 
Department SSHRC - Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council
Sector Public
Country Canada
Start 04/2017 
End 04/2019
 
Description University of Reading Undergraduate Research Opportunities Programme (UROP)
Amount £1,320 (GBP)
Organisation University of Reading 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 07/2014 
End 09/2014
 
Description Wainwright Fellowship Sam Walsh
Amount £10,000 (GBP)
Organisation University of Oxford 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 05/2017 
End 11/2017
 
Title micro-CT Sam Walsh 
Description micro-CT facility at the Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Genetics to conduct a pilot study of pathology, taphonomy, and morphology of the human remains. 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact None yet 
 
Title pXRF 
Description Purchase of a portable X-ray fluorescence analyser (Niton XL3t GOLDD+) has led to the development of calibrations and best working practices for the non-destructive analysis of a range of archaeological materials, including: sediments, in-situ residues, clays, cherts, obsidians, etc. The availability of the instrument has led to the training of c. 25 individual researchers across the University of Reading in the application of pXRF techniques and the collaborative development of methodologies for pXRF use across a wide range of archaeological, environmental and geological research areas. 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2012 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact The results of the research methodologies developed have informed a range of the outputs discussed under publication and engagement, and will continue to inform further publications, including the project monograph. 
 
Title CZAP Database 
Description Integrated database of archaeological excavation data, designed in Microsoft Access to hold records and facilitate data analysis 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact Data to be lodged with the Archaeology Data Service and discussions of database construction to contribute to the project monograph. 
 
Title CZAP Library 
Description Collation of literature references, URL links and pdfs of academic works relating to the project, its interdisciplinary methodologies and the Neolithic archaeology of Iraq and Iran, constructed using Endnote and shared between the research team. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact The database has facilitated and will continue to facilitate members of the research team in their production of outputs. 
 
Description A. Bogaard and M. Charles: archaeobotany, Oxford 
Organisation University of Oxford
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Access to archaeobotanical data and samples from CZAP sites, and opportunities for research students.
Collaborator Contribution Prof Amy Bogaard and Dr Mike Charles have provided advice and support for archaeobotanical analyses.
Impact This collaboration has informed all publications of the archaeobotanical remains and will contribute to the project monograph.
Start Year 2011
 
Description A. Evin, pig teeth, CNRS 
Organisation National Center for Scientific Research (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique CNRS)
Country France 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Provided access to pig teeth samples for Dr Allowen Evin (CNRS and University of Aberdeen) for broad-reach analysis.
Collaborator Contribution Provided results of pig teeth geometric morphometric analysis to CZAP.
Impact To inform future outputs.
Start Year 2012
 
Description D. Bradley - cattle DNA, Dublin 
Organisation Trinity College Dublin
Country Ireland 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The research team have provided access to DNA results for broad-reach analysis of cattle DNA.
Collaborator Contribution Prof Dan Bradley had undertaken DNA analysis of cattle bone fragments from CZAP sites.
Impact This will inform future outputs.
Start Year 2012
 
Description Early administration in Mesopotamia 
Organisation University of Oxford
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Research into uses of clay in early Mesopotamian administration
Collaborator Contribution Use of portable X-ray fluorescence and academic input
Impact None yet
Start Year 2016
 
Description Erbil University 
Organisation University of Kurdistan Hewler
Country Iraq 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The team have provided field, recording and lab training for undergraduate and postgraduate students from Hawler University.
Collaborator Contribution In return, the students have contributed to the fieldwork conducted by the project.
Impact This collaboration will contribute to the project monograph.
Start Year 2012
 
Description Faculty of Geography, University of Tehran, Iran 
Organisation University of Tehran
Department Faculty of Geography
Country Iran, Islamic Republic of 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Collaboration in interdisciplinary fieldwork and analyses on palaeoenvironmemt and society in Iran.
Collaborator Contribution Collaboration in interdisciplinary fieldwork and analyses on palaeoenvironmemt and society in Iran.
Impact British Academy International Partnership and Mobility Award (£30K) Multi-disciplinary: archaeological excavation and materials analysis; palaeoclimatology (speleothems, stable isotopic analyses); palaeoenviornmental (pollen, palaeoethnobotany, micro morphology); GIS, remote sensing, geography, geology and geomorphology in regions of archaeological sites.
Start Year 2015
 
Description G. Larson, Durham University 
Organisation Durham University
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Provision of access to DNA data for broad-scale project.
Collaborator Contribution Greger Larson provided analysis of pig DNA.
Impact Contributing to future publications.
Start Year 2012
 
Description I. Bull - GC/MS, Bristol 
Organisation University of Bristol
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Collaboration in analysis of results of GC/MS analyses
Collaborator Contribution Training in GC/MS analysis of coprolites
Impact Contributing to publications (Matthews, W et al. 2013, 2014. in Early Farmers and future publications).
Start Year 2011
 
Description IICAH - J Johnson 
Organisation University of Delaware
Department Iraqi Institute for the Conservation of Antiquities and Heritage (IICAH)
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The research team has provided access to archaeological materials for Jessica Johnson, Academic Director of IICAH, and hands-on on-site training and practice opportunities for a Kurdish graduate of the IICAH conservation training program.
Collaborator Contribution In return, IICAH have conserved c.25 fragile artefacts from the project's investigations and provided on-site conservation training for the research team.
Impact Discussion of conservation methodologies and issues will contribute to the project monograph.
Start Year 2014
 
Description J. Evans, NIGL 
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council
Department NERC Isotope Geosciences Laboratory
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Provision of access to data to contribute to broad-scale research.
Collaborator Contribution Prof Jane Evans has provided assistance with the analysis of strontium isotopes.
Impact Contributed to ethnoarchaeological outputs listed under publications and future publications.
Start Year 2012
 
Description Konya Regional Archaeological Survey Project (KRASP) 
Organisation University of Oxford
Department Institute of Archaeology
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Providing pXRF expertise
Collaborator Contribution Academic context survey in central Turkey
Impact None yet
Start Year 2017
 
Description N. Sykes - fallow deer DNA, Nottingham 
Organisation University of Nottingham
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Provided access fallow deer DNA data to Dr Naomi Sykes for broad-reach analysis.
Collaborator Contribution Conducted analysis of fallow deer DNA for samples from CZAP sites.
Impact This analysis will inform future outputs, including the project monograph.
Start Year 2012
 
Description Nature Iraq 
Organisation Nature Iraq
Country Iraq 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution The team have provided information on the ecology of Neolithic Iraq.
Collaborator Contribution In return, the NGO have provided information on the modern flora and fauna of Iraq and assisted in the collection of modern plant samples in the region.
Impact The results of this collaboration will inform future publications, including the project monograph.
Start Year 2012
 
Description Patterns of metal procurement, manufacture and exchange in Early Bronze Age northwestern Anatolia 
Organisation British Institute at Ankara
PI Contribution Providing pXRF expertise
Collaborator Contribution Academic context of study of metallurgy
Impact None yet
Start Year 2017
 
Description Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences 
Organisation Directorate Earth and History of life
Country Belgium 
Sector Learned Society 
PI Contribution Corpus of material to study from new fieldwork
Collaborator Contribution specialist identification of bioarchaeological materials
Impact multi-disciplinary- zooarchaeology, palaeoethnobontany
Start Year 2015
 
Description Sulaimaniyah Directorate 
Organisation Sulaymaniyah Antiquities Directorate
Country Iraq 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Under agreement with the Sulaimaniyah Antiquities Directorate and the General Director of Antiquities and Heritage, KRG, the research team continue to provide access to all materials to the Directorate, contribute all artefacts to the Directorate and Musuem, and provide training and education opportunities to professionals from the Directorate and the Sulaimaniyah Museum on research methods and theory.
Collaborator Contribution This collaboration has provided permission to conduct archaeological investigations in and around the sites of Bestansur, Shimshara and Zarzi in Iraqi Kurdistan, including permission to import equipment and export archaeological samples. The Directorate has provided representatives to facilitate all aspects of the fieldwork.
Impact This partnerships underpins all related outputs on the sites of Bestansur, Shimshara and Zarzi and are reported under the relevant sections.
Start Year 2012
 
Description Sulaimanyah University 
Organisation Sulaimaniyah University
Country Iraq 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The CZAP team have provided archaeological field, recording and lab analysis training for undergraduate and postgraduate students.
Collaborator Contribution Sulaimaniyah University have provided advice and guidance on local geology and sediments.
Impact The guidance provided will inform the analysis of material to be published in the project monograph.
Start Year 2012
 
Description The Cultural Heritage Network (CHN) (Nahrein Network project) 
Organisation Sulaimani Polytechnic University
PI Contribution Workshops and joint cultural activities in KRG, Iraq Roger Matthews with Rozhen Mohammad-Amin (Digital Cultural Heritage Research Group of Sulaimani Polytechnic University) and Ruth Young (Leicester University)
Collaborator Contribution Hosting event, co-organising
Impact Public engagement activities
Start Year 2019
 
Description UBC - Dr Lisa Cooper 
Organisation University of British Columbia
Country Canada 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The research team have provided infrastructure and administrative support to facilitate archaeological investigations by Lisa Cooper of UBC.
Collaborator Contribution Dr Lisa Cooper and team have provided analysis of the post-Neolithic materials from Bestansur, excavating and examining Late Assyrian levels at the site.
Impact The collaboration has contributed to seasonal archive reports and will form a portion of the project monograph.
Start Year 2012
 
Description 10th International Congress on the Archaeology of the Ancient Near East, Vienna 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Dr Wendy Matthews gave a presentation in the Congress Theme Transformations & Migrations on 'Transforming lifeways and place: Early built environments in the Neolithic of the Zagros (Iran, Iraq)' which reported on the outstanding architectural innovations and complexity of the sites excavated in the AHRC project and scientific analyses of the transformations in technology, built environments and social relations and interactions with increasing sedentism and privatisation. The importance of this region in global developments was widely recognised.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.orea.oeaw.ac.at/10icaane.html
 
Description Archaeobotany discussion group 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact "Exploring patterns in the preservation and recovery of charred plant remains across western Asia: recent insights from Iraq and Jordan". Archaeobotany Discussion Group (27th November 2017, University of Oxford)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Archaeology blog, Reading 2013 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Update on the ongoing work by the CZAP team, on the Department of Archaeology new pages, leading to reshares of the new story on Facebook.

The news story was followed by an increase in expressions of interest in ways to get involved by University of Reading students.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description BABAO talk Sam Walsh 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact BABAO: Life, death, and burial in the Neolithic of the central Zagros, Iraq'. 19th Annual Conference of the British Association for Biological Anthropology and Osteoarchaeology. Liverpool, LJMU. (8th Sept 2017)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description BANEA 2017 talk 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Talk on Eastern Fertile Crescent
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Bendrey and Elliott: Archaeology Research Seminar, Reading 2013 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Stimulated discussion of and interest in methodologies

n/a
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Bendrey, Elliott, Whitlam and Matthews: ICAZ Paper, Argentina, 2014. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact R. Bendrey's presentation was followed by questions session and subsequent engagement with audience, discussing possible future activities

Prompted discussion of ideas and possible future collaborations
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.icaz2014argentina.com/inicio/
 
Description Bendrey: 8ICAANE paper, Warsaw 2012 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Stimulated interest in and discussion of the early results of the project and CZAP volume 1

Prompted the sharing of information with other projects
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Bendrey: AEA 2011 paper, Amsterdam 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Talk prompted discussions regarding the project

n/a
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description Bendrey: Cardiff seminar, 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Prompted discussion and questions

n/a
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Bendrey: Nottingham Research Seminar, 2013 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Prompted discussion and network building

Forged reciprocal relationships between institutions
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description CZAP Website 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact CZAP website constructed to make details of the project available to the public, beyond the reach of published media.

The website has reached nearly 4000 individual users, from 94 countries and territories around the world, including 16% of all visitors from Asia. 30% of all traffic on the website is from returning visitors, seeking further information.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012,2013,2014
URL http://www.czap.org
 
Description CZAP: Booklet, spring 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Production of a booklet in English and Kurdish introducing local adults and children to archaeology and the first farmers of the region, distributed to teachers and through the Sulaimaniyah Museum, sparking interest and visits to the site.

n/a
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description CZAP: Directorate presentations, Sulaimaniyah Jan 2012 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentations by all CZAP research team to the Sulaimaniyah Directorate of Antiquities and Heritage and Sulaimaniyah Museum staff to introduce the project led to interest in the project, discussions and questions and involvement of individuals in the project.

Several individuals engaged with the project and have contributed to research and publications.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description CZAP: First Lady's Visit, Spring 2012 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Site and labs tour and presentations to Hero Talibani, married to former President of Iraq, and ambassador for cultural heritage in Kurdistan, with notable governmental officials and UNESCO. Resulting in increased media coverage in Kurdistan and support for the project.

Provided the catalyst for the documentary on the project's work.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description CZAP: History Teachers Site and Labs Tour, Spring 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Visit to site by 29 Kurdish history and chemistry school teachers and 4 regional History and Chemistry Education Supervisors, to learn about the archaeology of the region and archaeological techniques, to inform teaching in schools. The teachers engaged, asked many questions and were keen to deliver the information to their classes.

Following the tour, a teacher arranged for a second visit by science teachers from across the region, to learn more about the techniques we apply.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description CZAP: Khak TV Documentary, 2012-2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Filming by Khak TV for documentary of excavations in Kurdistan, to be broadcast on KurdSat.

Awaiting broadcast.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012,2013,2014
 
Description CZAP: Press Conference, Sulaimaniyah Spring 2012 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Broadcast of CZAP discussions of investigations at Bestansur on KurdSat led to public awareness of the site, increase in site visitors and discussion with regional professionals.

Engaged local and regional professionals, bringing public from across the region to engage with the archaeology and heritage, and resulting in filming for documentary.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description CZAP: Science Teachers Site and Lab Tour, Spring 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Workshop for c. 25 Kurdish science teachers, to inform their teaching in schools across the region, resulted in keen engagement, many questions and lively discussion of the methodologies applied in archaeology.

Science teachers expressed intention to deliver information to their students.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description CZAP: WMF workshop, Summer 2013 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Workshop at Bestansur run on behalf of the World Monuments Fund, for American, Kurdish and Iraqi professionals (including conservators from Babylon), to train in archaeological methodologies and best practice. Leading to extended question and answer session, sharing of experience and knowledge and development of plans for future working practices.

Participants expressed intention to apply the taught interdisciplinary methodologies elsewhere.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://www.wmf.org/video/heritage-management-training-erbil-iraq
 
Description Conference paper AEA Robin Bendrey 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Bendrey R, Fournié G, and Pfeiffer D U. Animal domestication and zoonotic disease: modelling brucellosis transmission in Neolithic goat populations. Association for Environmental Archaeology Conference 2017, University of Edinburgh. 1-3 December 2017.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Conference paper ASOR Lisa Cooper Alanta 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Lisa Cooper, "Investigations of a Late Assyrian Context at Bestansur, Sulaimaniyah Province, Iraqi Kurdistan," American Schools of Oriental Research Annual Meeting, Atlanta, November 21st, 2015.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Conference paper ASOR Lisa Cooper Boston 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Lisa Cooper, "Archaeological Reflections of Identity in the Late Assyrian Remains at Bestansur, Kurdistan," American Schools of Oriental Research Annual Meeting, Boston, November 16th, 2017.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Conference paper BANEA Robin Bendrey 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Bendrey R. Mountain ecology, early goat husbandry, and human sedentarization in the Neolithic Zagros uplands. British Association for Near Eastern Archaeology Annual Conference 2017, Glasgow, 4-6 January 2017.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Cooper: 9ICAANE paper, Basel 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Followed by questions and discussions of the site.

n/a
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Cooper: Graduate Seminar, Vancouver 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Led to questions and discussions of future work.

n/a
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Dr Wendy Matthews, Co-chair Society of American Archaeology Symposium Session 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Co-Chair of a session and co-presenter of two papers on The Archaeology of Livestock dung building on AHRC funded research and EU H2020 Marie Sklowdoska Curie Fellowship research 'Microarchaeodung' with Dr Marta Portillo Ramirez, University of Reading
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.saa.org/Home/tabid/36/Default.aspx
 
Description Dr Wendy Matthews, Developing International Geoarchaeology Conference, Newcastle University School of History, Classics and Archaeology 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Dr Wendy Matthews gave a conference paper on 'Developing high-resolution theoretically-informed Geoarchaeology: Interdisciplinary approaches to changing human-fire relations in early agricultural environments and communities'. New interdisciplinary collaborations and links developed with PGRs and Academic staff in International Universities.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://conferences.ncl.ac.uk/dig2017/
 
Description Dr Wendy Matthews, Housing and Cities Academic Forum, School of Architecture, University of Reading 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Short presentation by Dr Wendy Matthews on 'Sustainable energy and construction and Health and the Built Environment: 10,000 years of experimentation' based on AHRC and other research by WM in the Middle East to members of the ESRC Housing Evidence Centre CACHE, architects and urban planners, and academic staff Prosperity and Resilience Research Theme, University of Reading. The outcome was new knowledge and contacts in building bridges between past, present and future research on the key issues in WMs presentation towards future funding applications and impact plans.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://blogs.reading.ac.uk/the-forum/event/housing-and-cities-academic-forum/
 
Description Elliott and Bendrey: AEA 2012 poster presentation, Reading 2012 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Prompted discussion of the project's ethnoarchaeological approaches

Leading to publication in conference proceedings (open access)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.reading.ac.uk/archaeology/conferences/AEA/
 
Description Elliott and Whitlam: AEA 2011 poster, Amsterdam 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Prompted discussion and questions

n/a
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description Elliott and Whitlam: UKAS poster, Reading 2011 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Prompted questions and discussion of the project

n/a
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description Elliott, Bendrey and Whitlam: 9ICAANE Paper, Basel 2014. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Presentation stimulated interest in the project and ethnoarchaeological methodologies.

Paper leading to publication
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL https://9icaane.unibas.ch/
 
Description Elliott, Whitlam and Bendrey: SARG Seminar, Reading 2013 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact Prompted methodological discussions

n/a
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Elliott: 8ICAANE paper, Warsaw, 2012 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Talk prompted discussion of methodological approaches

Led to development of plans for future collaboration
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Elliott: SAGES Conference, Reading 2013 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact Led to discussions of the project

n/a
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Elliott: University of Reading Research Conference poster, 2013 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Prompted discussion of work, short-listed for prize

n/a
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Galawezh School visit, Bestansur 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Visit to site, tour and introduction to the archaeology of the Neolithic for 31 school pupils and 9 teachers from Galawezh School, Sulaimniyah City, sparked questions about the archaeological processes and discussion of their local history.

Expressed desire to return, as soon as possible, with more children.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Ingrid Iversen BANEA paper 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Snails on a Neolithic mound: the molluscs of Bestansur.
Presentation given at BANEA 15, London (January 8 2015)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Integrated Microscopy Approaches in Archaeobotany 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Dr Wendy Matthews gave a paper on new high-resolution integrated archaeobotany developed in the AHRC project in a paper entitled:
'Humans and Fire: changing relations in early sedentary agricultural communities. New evidence from micro-contextual analysis of burnt remains'.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://blogs.reading.ac.uk/integrated-microscopy-approaches-in-archaeobotany/imaa-2017/
 
Description Invited seminar Robin Bendrey Edinburgh 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Bendrey R. Cautionary tales of the unintended: animal domestication and zoonotic disease emergence. Edinburgh University Archaeology Society, University of Edinburg. 20 March 2017.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Invited seminar Robin Bendrey Edinburgh 2 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Bendrey R. High on a hill was a lonely goat herd: the emergence of animal husbandry in the Neolithic Zagros mountains. University of Edinburgh, Archaeology Seminar Series. 26 January 2017.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Invited seminar Robin Bendrey Glasgow 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Bendrey R. Ecologies of domestication: Human-goat-environment interactions at the start of farming in the Neolithic Zagros. University of Glasgow Archaeology research Seminar Series, Spring 2018. 10 January 2018.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Iversen and Bendrey: BANEA paper, Reading, 2014. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Prompted methodological discussion and interest in the project

Promoted more integrated ways of working
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.reading.ac.uk/archaeology/Conferences/BANEA/
 
Description Jadid Online, 2011 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Jadid Online article on Early Human Communities in the Zagros in Farsi and English, with a slideshow of images from Sheikh-e Abad, raising the international profile of the project's work.

n/a
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
URL http://www.jadidonline.com/story/03062011/frnk/iran_sheikhiabad_archaeology_eng
 
Description Karagol School teachers' visit, Bestansur 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Visit by 15 teachers from Karagol School, to learn more about the activities, to disseminate to their students. This informal and unexpected site visit and tour led to an extended question and answer session.

Teachers expressed intention to package and deliver the information to their students.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Keynote lecture 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Amy Richardson: Keynote - Scales of interaction in ancient worlds, Graduate Archaeology at Oxford Conference 2019, Oxford.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Keynote lecture 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Roger Matthews: Keynote - Mobility in the Ancient Near East, 11th International Congress for the Archaeology of the Ancient Near East 2018, Ludwig Maximilians University, Munich.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Kurdsat news story, 2012 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact News story on the KurdSat channel (broadcast across the Iraqi Kurdistan region), repeated throughout a day of news cycles and posted online, increasing visitor numbers at the site and enquiries at the Sulaimaniyah Museum.

Led to increase in local awareness of and interest the project, and desire to find out more, including 364 views of the news story online.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
URL http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BaZh_g8KE38&feature=plcp
 
Description Lecture 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Amy Richardson: Early Neolithic mobility of people and things in the Central Zagros: the evidence from Bestansur, International Congress on the Archaeology of the Ancient Near East 2018, Ludwig Maximilians University, Munich.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Lecture 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Seminar on Early Neolithic of Iraq/Iran at Oxford University
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Lecture 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Wendy Matthews: Sustainability of Early Sedentism: A Case-Study from the Central Zagros, Iraq and Iran, BANEA Annual Conference 2019, University of Liverpool.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Matthews W Neolithisation and its consequences: A global view (University of Tehran) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact c. 60-80 academic staff, professional practitioners, Masters and PhD students attended the paper presented by Dr Wendy Matthews on Early built environments and settled life in the Neolithic of the Central Zagros', at the International Symposium on 'Neolithisation and its consequences: A global view from and to Iran', hosted by the Department and Institute of Archaeology, University of Tehran, Iran's national Institute of Humanities and Cultural Studies, Society of Iranian Archaeology and Deutsches Archaeogische Institute. This paper and the following discussions lead to the development of future plans for international collaboration and research at a range of levels.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Matthews W Palaeoenvironmemt and Society International Workshop (UoTehran) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact c. 80 academic staff, Masters and PhD students and professional practitioners attended this International Workshop on Palaeoenvironment and Society. The paper presented by Dr Wendy Matthews on 'Reconstructing Ecosystems and Ecological strategies:
Integrating off-site and on-site data', based on AHRC funded research, sparked considerable interest in micro-analytical techniques and request for future involvement in these research areas, and was supported by the British Academy International Partnership award.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Matthews, Matthews et al: Agriculture presentation 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Presentations stimulated synergies with Agriculture, Policy and Development at Reading, leading to cross-disciplinary discussions

Forged cross-departmental networks
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Matthews, R. et al.: 8ICAANE, Warsaw 2012 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Led to questions and further discussions of the project

Increased international interest in the project
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Matthews, R. et al.: BANEA, Manchester 2012 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Led to discussions of the project and questions

n/a
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Matthews, R. et al.: Glasgow University Archaeology Seminar, 2012 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Seminar led to discussions of the project

n/a
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Matthews, R. et al.: Kurdistan Conference paper, Athens 2013 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Paper followed by questions and discussions of the project

n/a
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Matthews, R. et al.: Plenary Lecture, Tehran 2013 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Led to engagement with sites and discussion of research methodologies with international early career archaeologists

Increased interest in approaches
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Matthews, R. et al.: Vladimir Lukonin Lecture, BM 2012 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Lecture led to discussions of the broader framework of the project and results

Raised number of queries fro information
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Matthews, R.: ASOR paper, Chicago 2012 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Led to discussions following paper

Increased international interest
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Matthews, R.: British Museum paper, 2011 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Provoked questions and discussion of the project and its approaches

Increased interest in the project
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description Matthews, R.: Nanjing paper, China 2012 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Paper followed by discussion of methodologies and comparable themes

n/a
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Matthews, R.: SOAS seminar, London 2013 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Paper followed by discussions of the CZAP approaches and results

n/a
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Matthews, R.: South Oxfordshire Archaeology Group lecture, 2013. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Public lecture to South Oxfordshire Archaeology Group, prompted discussion and questions, engaging audience.

Increased public interest in the project, an extensive write up in an extended issue of the South Oxfrdshire Archaeology Group Messenger newsletter and feedback from the audience that "this was one of the best talks we have ever had".
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Matthews, R.: Tbilisi paper, 2011 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Paper led to discussion and questions about the project

Increase in international interest in the project
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description Matthews, W. Cambridge ANE Seminar Series 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact c. 30 PhD students and staff attended this seminar that discussed 'Early sedentism, resource management and ritual in the Central Zagros of Iraq and Iran' in the University of Cambridge Ancient Near east Seminar Series, including researchers in Iraq. It sparked increased interest in the complexity of the built environment c. 7,700 BC, and request for participation in training of Iraqi's in archaeological investigations, supported by DCMS.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Matthews, W. TOPOI paper, Berlin 2011 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Paper prompted lively debate and enquiries regarding the project

n/a
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description Matthews, W. et al.: ICAANE paper, Basel 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Paper provoked interest in and discussions of the project and its approaches

n/a
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Matthews, W., Matthews, R., Bendrey, Elliott, Richardson and Whitlam: AEA 2012 paper, Reading 2012 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Talk prompted interest in and discussion of the project and its core methodologies

Led to an increase in queries regarding the project
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
URL http://www.reading.ac.uk/archaeology/conferences/AEA/
 
Description Matthews, W.: Arkeotek Workshop, Paris 2011 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Sparked methodological debate and questions

n/a
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description Matthews, W.: Department of Archaeology Research Seminar, Leicester 2011 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Paper was followed by questions and discussion

n/a
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description Matthews, W.: ERC InterArChive Symposium Paper, York 2013 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Prompted questions and in-depth methodological discussions

n/a
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Matthews, W.: Experimental Archaeology Conference paper, Reading 2011 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Followed by questions and methodological discussions

n/a
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description Matthews, W.: International Congress of Young Archaeologists workshop, Tehran 2013 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Workshop engaged an international audience with methodologies

Increased international interest in the project and its interdisciplinary methodological approaches
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Matthews, W.: John F Templeton Conference Paper, Catalhoyuk, Turkey, 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Paper sparked vibrant discussions

Invited for publication in I. Hodder (ed.) Religion, History and Place.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Matthews, W.: Kew presentation, 2013 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation to Director of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, leading to discussions of and engagement with the project

Strengthened links between the project and the Royal Botanic Gardens collections
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Museum Studies blog, Reading 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Museum Studies blog for the University of Reading, discussing ongoing work at Bestansur.

Reshared on both Facebook and Twitter.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Newcastle University seminar Sarah Elliott 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact April 2018

Scientific geo-ethnoarchaeology and its archaeological application to investigate farming, settlements and agriculture in the past (Newcastle University seminar series)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Outreach event Curiosity Carnival Oxford 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Outreach event, The archaeology of ancient farming. Curiosity Carnival (29th September 2017, Oxford, UK)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Richardson: 8ICAANE paper, Warsaw 2012 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Stimulated discussion and information sharing

Led to publication and participation in working groups
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description SAA paper Sarah Elliott 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Society for American Archaeology, Vancouver April 2017

A new multi-scalar, multi-methodology for the detection, identification and analysis of ancient animal dung.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description SESAME 12th Users Meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Synthesis of a range of analytical techniques used in archaeological projects in Jordan, Iraq, Iran and Turkey: X-ray diffraction, X-ray fluorescence, portable X-ray fluorescence, environmental scanning electron microscopy with energy dispersive X-ray analysis, IR spectroscopy and synchrotron based IR microscopy.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Sulaimaniyah University visit, Bestansur 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact Group of 22 students from Sulaimaniyah University visited the site and house, sparking lively discussions and much interest in the methodologies and results. Local workmen employed on the site engaged with the students, providing details of their experiences in Kurdish.

Students expressed a desire to be involved with archaeological excavations in future.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description TV Sharaea filming 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Visit by TV Sharaea "ahl almadeena" film crew, to gather footage for broadcast on Al Jazeera, which gathered a set of interviews and working shots introducing the site at Bestansur and the project's excavation activities.

The production team intended to incorporate the footage into a piece for international broadcast on Al Jazeera.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Talk 63 RAI Marburg 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Talk on city seals
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Talk on using pXRF to colleagues 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Demo of uses of pXRF
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description The Cyprus Institute, Nicosia, Cyprus 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Elliott, S. Signatures of human and animal occupation. Archaeological and ethnoarchaeological research in Jordan, Iraq and Iran.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description UBC talk Lisa Cooper 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Lisa Cooper, "Uncovering an Assyrian Frontier Post in Iraqi Kurdistan," in series entitled 'UBC Digs: Stories from UBC Archaeologists and Historians,' March 10th, 2016. School of Continuing Studies, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia (Canada).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description UN UNESCO UN HRC 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact As president of RASHID International, participating in meetings of the UN (New York), UNESCO (Paris), UN HRC (Geneva)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016,2017,2018
URL http://rashid-international.org
 
Description University of Reading Public Lecture Matthews and Matthews 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Public Lecture on 'Lost and Found: Excavating the First Farmers of Iraq and Iran, 10,000-7000 BC', by Roger Matthews and Wendy Matthews
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Vancouver Society talk Lisa Cooper 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Lisa Cooper, "New Discoveries from the Empire's Edge: Investigations of the Assyrian period Occupation at Bestansur, Iraqi Kurdistan." Vancouver Society of the Archaeological Institute of America, Vancouver, British Columbia (Canada). January 23rd, 2018.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Walsh, S. and Matthews, R.: Neolithic Bodies paper, London 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Paper was followed by discussion of the site and the project results

n/a
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Whitlam: 8ICAANE paper, Warsaw 2012 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Prompted discussions and questions

n/a
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Whitlam: Archaeobotanical Discussion Group paper, Oxford 2012 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact Prompted discussion of the project and its results

n/a
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Whitlam: Archaeobotanical Discussion Group paper, Oxford 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact Prompted discussions of the wider context and issues

n/a
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Whitlam: BANEA paper, Reading 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Stimulated discussion of methodologies and the project

n/a
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Whitlam: BANEA poster, Manchester 2012 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Prompted discussion of the project

n/a
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Whitlam: IWGP poster, Thessaloniki 2013 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Stimulated interest in and discussion of the ongoing research

Forged international research networks
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Whitlam: SAGES Conference paper, Reading 2013 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact Prompted inter-disciplinary discussions

n/a
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Whitlam: XVII USIPP paper, Spain, 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Stimulated discussion and questions

n/a
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014