'Bordercrossing': Transational nobility, political and confessional loyalty in the Polish-German borderlands, ca. 1600-1720

Lead Research Organisation: University of Aberdeen
Department Name: School of Divinity, History and Philosop

Abstract

Building on my previous research on the Western borderlands of Poland-Lithuania, this project will use a new, transnational approach to the interaction between the political and religious cultures of the multi-national Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and Brandenburg-Prussia. In particular, the book will address the relationship between religion and politics more generally, analyse the morality of political agents and the impact of ideas on political and social action.
Before the partitions of Poland at the end of eighteenth century, the German-Polish border was one of the most stable in early modern Europe, allowing for communication and an exchange of ideas and populations in both directions. Nationalist historiography of the last two centuries, however, has done much to construct a picture of intense hostility and re-project it into earlier history. Since the 1990s, German-Polish contacts across the border have intensified and much constructive work has been done by historians on all sides to escape old prejudices, though much remains to be done. My previous work on the political culture and identities of Royal Prussia, a province of the Polish crown from 1454-1772/93, on Brandenburg-Prussia (I am currently finishing a history of early modern Brandenburg-Prussia for Palgrave) and on political and religious thought in Poland-Lithuania, position me well to launch a transnational study of key political agents between the multi-national Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and its western neighbours.
The pacemaker for change was an eminently mobile noble society, renowned for its tendency to cross political and religious boundaries, contributing to the transfer of ideas but also political and religious practice, thus shaping society in the borderlands as well as policies projected from the centre. An example of such a figure was the Calvinist magnate and later governor of Ducal Prussia, Boguslaw Radziwill, one of the richest men in the commonwealth with connections to several European ruling houses, whose political manoeuvring between Poland, Lithuania, Sweden and Prussia has not been analysed from this binary perspective before. On the basis of ego-documents such as his autobiography and correspondence, Radziwill's role will be explored within the context of a multi-confessional society and the multi-polar power structures of north-eastern Europe. His role will be explored within the wider context of other border families, such as the Lutheran Goltz family, the multi-confessional and multi-lingual Przebendowski and Denhoff, who regularly crossed borders and allegiances, and owned land on both sides of the Polish-Pomeranian/ Polish-Prussian divide. Too often in the past such figures have been dealt with as traitors to their supposed national states; this study will attempt to reconstruct the complex cultural and political world they inhabited.
The book will not take a traditional international relations approach to Polish-German relations, but derives its perspectives from recent work on the history of cultural transfer and a cultural history of politics which takes account of symbolic systems on the macro-level, as well as the meaning of these on the micro-level of personal decision-making, such as the choice of political and religious allegiances. The perspective from the periphery, rather than the centre, will dominate this analysis, as the study will be firmly set into the context of the commonwealth's border provinces, where patronage networks, confessional and military pressures created often unexpected alliances. The analysis and role of these loyalties in early modern politics has gained fresh relevance for Europe in the 21st-century where - although actual border crossings seemed to have lost their former significance in a united Europe - people are keen to assert their cultural, religious and social differences and distinctions with a new sense of urgency.

Planned Impact

The study will have an impact on policy-making bodies in the UK, Germany, Poland and the EU in general, who consider matters of migration, civic identity, the duties of citizenship and national, religious and cultural allegiances. It will raise awareness of the role of borders and peripheries for central policy-making.
My work will attract attention to the longstanding multi-cultural legacy of East Central Europe, whose image has often suffered from the memory of 200 years of aggressive and often intolerant nationalism. These echoes still influence historiography, projecting the picture of an 'intolerant' Catholic and 'backward' Poland both in the media and in public consciousness. Against the background of a large Polish immigration to the UK since the expansion of the EU eastwards, such images can prove particularly problematic and need to be set into a historical context. Historical analysis breaks down the 'otherness' which dominates the view of East Central Europe so strongly formed also by the traditions of the Cold War and helps to discover the close ties which linked earlier Polish-Lithuanian traditions to the rest of Europe, not least through extensive religious and political networks, to which universities, courts and diplomatic contacts lent their support. Temporary or lasting migration - the crossing of borders - was often the norm among early modern transnational elites as well as groups of lower ranking than the nobility. Despite the distance in historic time, the process of defending familiar allegiances, as well as adopting new ones, remains part of human nature. The topicality of migration and border crossing today needs historical foundations.
This analysis will also impact on the work of the German Historical Institute in Warsaw and other bodies involved in the improvement of German-Polish relations, including several initiatives of the 'border region', such as the Polish-German University in Frankfurt/Oder, where I maintain contacts. It will further the understanding of the peripheral perspective people adopt when they live far from the political and economic centre, yet create a centre in the periphery, which binds them with rather different loyalties to their regions.
I intend using my research for greater impact by contributing to popular journals and magazines, in Poland such as Mowia Wieki (a popular history magazine with a large distribution) for which I have written before, and aim talks at a wider public audience in local associations, such as the Nairn Literary Society, POSK (the Polish Centre in London) or the Edinburgh Goethe Institute, helping to create a closer understanding of people who cross borders by coming to Britain and Germany. I also have connections mainly through Polish students at the university, the Aberdeen Polish Association, and encounters with Poles in the city due to my knowledge of the Polish language. Our director of research has been active in establishing a knowledge exchange network (KENNOS) in which representatives of Aberdeen City Council are involved, and who will find my expertise on Poland useful for policies involving the local Polish community.
With the publication of an annotated translation of Radziwill's autobiography into English (planned for the longer term) my work shall have an impact on a wider reading public interested in biographies and self-documents, as well as Central Europe in general.
 
Description The archival research which I completed between 2011 and 2014 was a vital basis for the monograph I am still in the course of completing. My focus has, due to the vast amount of the material, focused now almost exclusively on one figure, the prominent politician and military leader Boguslaw Radziwill, a magnate from Lithuania, who was also governor of Ducal Prussia from 1657 under the rule of Frederick William the Great Elector. The double role of this politician, who crossed the Polish-Lithuanian-Prussian borders, was multi-lingual, a Calvinist with many enemies in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, where he was seen by many as a foreigner and even traitor, despite his large networks of support and patronage in Lithuania and Belarus, is at the core of the political and intellectual biography I am writing. This case study has interesting results for wider issues of migration, opposition, religious non-conformity, social interaction in times of war and disaster. It teaches us about the mentality of people who have conflicting and multiple identities and allegiances, which can be easily transferred to modern day migration issues in a world full of unrest, upheaval, forced and economic migration. It shows how individuals follow certain behavioural patterns, hold up often quite stubbornly legacies, heritage and values which clash with those of another society. The study showcases the dilemmas of policy-makers and major political and military actors in times of fundamental crisis, and explains individual agency in a wider social and political structure of the state and the reasons for the decline of its power.
Exploitation Route The study will contribute to a growing body of historical studies on the decisive moments of European history in the seventeenth century 'global crisis' period. German and Polish/Lithuanian scholarship have very polarised views of this historical figure, which relate to a still too narrowly nationally defined vision of the history of their past. The example of this transnational biography will inspire historians to look beyond such narrow patterns. Modern history will thus benefit from the findings in early modern history's almost naturally transnational approach to cultural transfer and its impact on the transfer of other ideas: political, economic and administrative.
The research project has also inspired me to branch out into public outreach activities, leading a SUII funded project to debate East European migration, looking esp. at the role of heritage as a facilitator of integration. A series of roundtables and school public engagement events are scheduled over the next 6 months to transfer my experience with cultural transfer and the obstacles experienced in it, to a hotly debated topic in present day Scotland. This will transfer my insight into the conflicting double life of a historical 'border-crosser' to contemporary issues. Benefactors will be my collaborators and audience from charities, NGOs, policy-makers at council and Scottish parliament level, as well as a wider audience. The first event is linked to the University of Aberdeen's Being Human Festival, which is funded by the AHRC. The URL is above, with a link to the first event.
Sectors Communities and Social Services/Policy,Creative Economy,Education,Government, Democracy and Justice,Culture, Heritage, Museums and Collections

URL http://www.scottishinsight.ac.uk/Programmes/Programmes20142015/LinkingNorthernCommunities.aspx
 
Description 1. Lecture 2. Impact report Meeting with Lithuanian cultural attache to discuss future cooperation on Lithuanian history events following information on my work on Lithuanian-Prussian border crossing nobles 3. Dissemination of findings in several conferences, papers, invited papers, key notes, symposia, congresses between the UK, the US, Germany and Poland, where the main audience interested and engaged with my research is located. 4. Successful follow-up application for funding an public outreach/engagement project with knowledge transfer elements (roundtables with NGOs, charities, policy-makers, the public, involving also academia, as well as a school project which includes CPD for teachers on East European migration into Scotland, contact hours with pupils in a primary and a secondary school in Aberdeen and Edinburgh, an exhibition and a seminar, production of briefing papers and a presentation to the cross-party group on Poland of the Scottish parliament are planned.
First Year Of Impact 2011
Sector Communities and Social Services/Policy,Creative Economy,Education,Government, Democracy and Justice,Culture, Heritage, Museums and Collections
Impact Types Cultural,Societal

 
Description Membership in the Cross Party Group on Poland in the Scottish Parliament in Edinburgh
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
Impact Improvement of conditions for Polish migrants, influence on parliament to press for security of EU citizens in Scotland after Brexit. Awareness of politicians, cultural programmes supported and shared, education lobbying to allow Polish teachers in Scotland.
URL http://www.parliament.scot/msps/poland.aspx
 
Description International Exchange Fellowship
Amount £830 (GBP)
Organisation The Royal Society 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United Kingdom
Start 08/2016 
End 09/2016
 
Description Linking Northern Communities socially, culturally and economically: East European Immigration in Scotland
Amount £18,000 (GBP)
Organisation Scottish Universities Insight Institute 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2014 
End 04/2015
 
Description AHRC Creating Living Knowledge. Enacting the Past: Stories for the Colony to the Tatras 
Organisation Arts & Humanities Research Council (AHRC)
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Member of the Advisory Board and advice on parts of the Project (Polish migration and Polish Song and Story Group), help with networking regarding collection of life stories of Polish migrants.
Collaborator Contribution Leadership of the project, main organisation. See the project which is has been successful and is funded by the AHRC.
Impact Not yet.
Start Year 2015
 
Description Being Human Festival 2015 
Organisation Arts & Humanities Research Council (AHRC)
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Roundtable on Issue of Migration, related to the idea of crossing borders, divided allegiances, crossing cultural and linguistic borders. In the context of the AHRC-funded Being Human Festival, I organised a public roundtable in the Aberdeen Science Centre under the topic "Home Abroad? Models and Opportunities of East European Migrant Integration in Scotland" with several speakers on Roma, Slovak, Polish and other East European migrants. I formulated the topic and sought out contributors, organised the venue through the Being Human Festival Organisation (Hub status) at the University of Aberdeen, and introduced the speakers, led the discussion. Invited the Polish-Scottish Choir of Aberdeen for a musical contribution. Attendance: ca. 55
Collaborator Contribution The two speakers gave papers: Dr Daniela Sime: Roma Families' Engagement with Education in Glasgow's Govanhill Area Professor Rebecca Kay: No Longer Poles Apart? East European Community Integration and the Polish model
Impact Membership in the Cross-Party Group on Poland in the Scottish Parliament AHRC-funded collaborative project at the University of Aberdeen "Creating Living Knowledge, Enacting the Past: Stories for the Colony to the Tatras" builds on these activities via Dr Elizabeth Curtis, who participated in the original project, Linking Northern Communities, funded by the Scottish Universities Insight Institute in 2014-15, and continue to work with me on the Being Human events. Presentation of the public engagement project "Home Abroad" at the Being Human event in June 2016 at Senate House, University of London Disciplines involved: Sociology, Politics, History, Cultural Studies
Start Year 2015
 
Description Linking Northern Communities socially, culturally and economically: Polish and East European Immigration in Scotland 
Organisation Heriot-Watt University
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Public engagement and outreach activities involving the universities of Aberdeen (History, Education, Sociology), the School of Management and Languages at Heriot Watt, Edinburgh, a series of stakeholders and policy-makers, such as the Edinburgh-based Polish Cultural Festival Association (funded by Poland's Foreign Office and the Heritage Lottery Fund),the Polish-Scottish Cultural Association, Fife Migrants Forum, FENIKS (Counselling Service for Polish migrants), local migrant organisations, the Scottish Family Business Association, the Cross Party Group in the Scottish Parliament on Poland, and representatives from Scottish Voluntary Organisations such as the Migration Network, as well as local artists and Polish and Lithuanian Associations/Student Association. The objective is to engage with Polish and other East European migration to Scotland and explore the potential for social, cultural and economic growth in Scotland. Despite a twenty-fold increase of Polish immigration to Scotland since the early 2000s, the largest increase in any part of the UK, public and voluntary organisations, charities and councils have few resources to address urgent issues of East European immigration for the social and economic benefit of both the migrant and host community. There is no directory of expertise which could indicate the potential benefit of these migrants for the local community. The goal is to develop models for future policy-making (also vis-à-vis migrants from other countries) and improve understanding of the potential social and economic benefits that could be derived from the presence of these communities and their heritage. Planned events and outputs: outreach into schools which are under pressure from large numbers of Polish pupils who bring different views of their heritage (e.g. Scottish and Polish perspectives on WWII), policy papers for MSPs/councils, seminars with the business community on particular features of the Polish migrant market, public roundtables events on the sustainability of Polish-Scottish business and tourism to Scotland.
Collaborator Contribution Networking, contribution to roundtable, CPD for teachers in schools, use of heritage and history for mutual education of pupils about migrants, policy briefings, publications.
Impact Multidisciplinary public outreach, knowledge transfer activities 1. Roundtable discussion, planned for 17 November at Satrosphere in Aberdeen: http://www.satrosphere.net/36_Whats-On.html?article_id=119 School project and further roundtables are planned until April 2015 Other events to follow.
Start Year 2014
 
Description Social Science Week University of Aberdeen 
Organisation Economic and Social Research Council
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Social Science Week 2016, organised by University of Aberdeen's public outreach department, funded by the ESRC I organised the roundtable (public) at the Aberdeen Science Centre, invited speakers and advertised it under the title "Still Home Abroad After the EU referendum? Polish Integration after Brexit" on 9 November 2016 I also gave an interview about the issues involved on SHMU FM, the local community radio in Aberdeen, in Polish (Sniadanie po polsku), on 7 November 2016.
Collaborator Contribution Roundtable involving Magda Czarnecka (Project Development Manager Feniks Counselling Services), Anna Ruszel (Regional Director Scotland at International Business Club & Risk Management) and Dr Chris Moreh (Research Fellow at the Centre for Population Change at the University of Southampton). Short presentations on migration data (Moreh) and result from interviews with Polish migrants on a set of questions relating to their situation after the Brexit vote. Comparison of England and Scotland.
Impact Interview on public radio Cross-Party Group on Poland in the Scottish Government, continued membership Network development, preparation for the next roundtable in 2017, again as application to the AHRC Being Human programme Discplines: Cultural and social history, sociology.
Start Year 2016
 
Description 'Dynastic Self-Fashioning in the Polish-Lithuanian-Prussian Borderlands: the case of Prince Boguslaw Radziwill, 1620-1669. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Paper to be delivered at a conference on Dynasties and Dynasticism 1400 -1700, Oxford University, March 2016, organised by the Oxford Jagiellonian project
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description 'Magnate, governor, soldier, spy' - the power networks of a seventeenth-century Lithuanian nobleman: Boguslaw Radziwill (1620-69)' 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Paper presented to the Forum for Early Modern Central Europe, London (School of Slavonic and East European Studies, UCL) on 29 February 2012

The paper gave me an opportunity to present new ideas to a specialist audience, as well as a more generally interested audience, testing the clarity of my theses, the relevance of my topic, the structures and research results after archival visits.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
URL http://www.ucl.ac.uk/ssees/research/research-centres/centre-for-study-of-central-europe/forum-on-ear...
 
Description Boguslaw Radziwill, uklad kiejdanski i Brandenburgia, Paper at the International Conference, The Treaty of Kiejdany (1655) and its Consequences 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact International conference on the Treaty of Kiejdany of 1655, in the Monastery of Jasna Góra, Czestochowa, Poland, 2-5 December 2015
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.jasnagora.com/wydarzenie-9792
 
Description Confessionalisation in seventeenth-century Lithuania? The case of the Protestant Radziwills, and acting as consultant for the project Konformita a konflikt v kulture raného novoveku 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation keynote/invited speaker
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact The bulk of the audience were postgraduate students and junior researchers, but also some more senior colleagues from the Universities of Olomouc, Brno and Prague, as well as some UK visitors.

The numbers of the audience exceeded expectations, as many students and even colleagues from neighbouring universities in the Czech republic turned up. The project is connected to consultation activity to help Olomouc put together a publication on Reformation/Counter-Reformation in the city of Olomouc.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.historie.upol.cz/grantove-projekty.php
 
Description Exhibition 'Germans in Britain', Migration Museum UK, shown at the Sir Duncan Rice Library University of Aberdeen 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Exhibition highlighting the problems of migrants, here in a historical context, of Germans in Britain, put together by the Migration Museum London, travelling exhibition panels, 18August to 24 September, University of Aberdeen, Sir Duncan Rice Library building
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description History Kolloquium 2014: Ideentransfer und Grenzgaengertum zwischen Polen-Litauen und Preussen 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact The invitation was personally to me to present my research at the University of Halle-Wittenberg's History colloquy, a regular meeting of the peers, colleagues, postgraduate students and the wider public.

The turn-out was very good for such a forum, with many people attending from other disciplines.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.histdata.uni-halle.de/texte/koll/kollog2014a.pdf
 
Description International Conference at the Brueckner Zentrum in Jena: Imaginations and Configurations of Polish Society - From the Middle Ages through the 20th Century 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation keynote/invited speaker
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact This is organised as a collaborative workshop/conference by the Polish Academy of Sciences (Institute of History) Warsaw, the University of Halle-Wittenberg, the Aleksander Brueckner Zentrum for Polish Studies at the University of Jena and the Geisteswissenschaftliche Zentrum fuer Ostmitteleuropa in Leipzig.

The turn-out will be numerous as this is a long conference with several sessions stretching from topics on the Polish Middle Ages to the present. It takes 3 days and takes place in two different German cities, inviting also public audiences.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.aleksander-brueckner-zentrum.org/veranstaltungen/detail/datum/2014/10/22/imaginations-and...
 
Description International Congress: The Landholding and Subjects of Boguslaw Radziwill in Lithuania and Belarus", Paper as part of a panel entitled "Political and Landed Estate Asset-Building in Lithuania, Ukraine, and Russia, 1560s to 1800", Annual Convention of ASSEES in Washington D.C., 19/11/2016, 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Annual Convention, academic audiences, incl. students and postgrads, publishers etc.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://aseees.org/convention/2016-theme
 
Description Membership Cross Party Group on Poland, Scottish Parliament 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Membership in and influence on policy-making in the Cross Party Group on Poland in the Scottish Parliament to influence decisions to lobby policy-makers on the way that migrants and immigrant populations from Poland are being supported in Scotland
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014,2015,2016
URL http://www.scottish.parliament.uk/msps/41818.aspx
 
Description Model Citizen, Traitor and Governor: the three lives of Boguslaw Radziwill (1620-69) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation paper presentation
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Paper given at the American Association for Slavonic, East European and Eurasian Studies' annual general meeting, Washington D.C. 19 November 2011

The paper attracted an international audience of specialists in the field, as well as postgraduate students and representatives from the local media, representatives from journals and publishers, who seek out cutting-edge research.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description Noble power brokerage and political ritual in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth: the Example of the Radziwill family 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation keynote/invited speaker
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Paper at the History Seminar at St Andrews University (Institute for Reformation Studies) on 12 April 2013

Paper to the Reformation Centre's public lecture series, mainly for university and postgraduate audiences, but open to the public.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://www.st-andrews.ac.uk/reformation/
 
Description PIASA Congress: Fifth World Congress on Polish Studies in Warsaw, June 20-23 2014, Paper on Radziwill's Self-importance: Communication, Cultural Capital and Ego-documents in the Life of the Lithuanian Magnateria 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Type Of Presentation paper presentation
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Conference session with three participants and one discussant/chair, which is held in parallel with many others. Discussion afterwards

The session was well visited, despite a lot of competition for audience due to parallel sessions and a great variety of disciplines. It gave me the opportunity to meet up with colleagues from Warsaw who I had not met for a while, who decided to attend my paper. This led to interesting catch-up meetings on the latest research we are conducting.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.piasa.org/events/congress2014-overview.htm
 
Description Paper at international conference: ? "Law and Toleration: the European Context of seventeenth-century Protestantism in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania", Renaissance Society of America's annual convention in Boston 2/4/2016, 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Academic audience and postdocs, international forum, recurring annual conference for Renaissance Studies.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.rsa.org/
 
Description Radio Interview with Shmu FM Aberdeen, Polish radio, Sniadanie po polsku, 30 Minutes 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Interview about the situation of Polish migration to Poland and my own research, historical links between Poland and Scotland
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://www.facebook.com/SniadaniePoPolsku/
 
Description Roundtable as part of the Being Human Festival on 18 November 2015: Home or Abroad? ) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Speakers: Professor Rebecca Kay, University of Glasgow and Dr Daniela Sime, University of Strathclyde chaired by Professor Karin Friedrich University of Aberdeen, at Satrosphere Science Centre, Aberdeen, short papers on the problems of integrating migrants from Eastern Europe in rural areas of Scotland and the particular problems of children from East European migrant families in Scotland
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.abdn.ac.uk/engage/public/ahrc-being-human-festival-nov--336.php
 
Description Sludzy dwóch panów? Boguslaw Radziwill jako gubernator Prus (1657-1669) [Servant of Two Lords, Boguslaw Radziwill as governor of Ducal Prussia], paper at international conference on 'The Princes Radziwill - Lithuania's richest magnate dynasty' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Public conference presentation at the Castle of the Lithuanian Grand Dukes in Vilnius, Lithuania ,12-14 November 2015
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.valdovurumai.lt/pl/zwiedzajacym/wydarzenia/miedz-ynarodowa-konferencja-naukowa-ksiazeta-r...