In-Visible Difference: Dance, Disability and Law

Lead Research Organisation: Coventry University
Department Name: Art and Design

Abstract

This Project sets out to extend current thinking about the making, status, ownership and value of work by performance artists in the 21st century. It will do so by focusing on one art form; dance, and specifically dance made and performed by disabled dance artists. By considering different theoretical and practical perceptions of creation, interpretation and authorship, and different perspectives on the role of law in relation to creative practice, the Project will investigate how existing theoretical and legal frameworks might help or hinder the participation of disabled dance artists in mainstream performance. We will align that enquiry within models of disability articulated by disabled people and by the law; and we will draw on empirical observation of the construction of dance as developed by choreographers and dancers and map that on to the legal framework. In so doing, the Project will both uncover and discover new ways of thinking about how dance made and performed by disabled dance artists contributes to our cultural life, and it will seek to lay the foundations for a new theoretical framework for transforming the legal landscape. The Project will thus have much wider application and impact, by identifying new models for recognising intellectual property and what the implications might be for those working within the cultural and legal communities, within and beyond the Academy.

Disabled dance has been chosen as a case study because dancers with disabilities confront particular challenges. Despite many within the professional dance community supporting the removal of labels such as 'inclusive', which categorise disabled performers as 'other', there is still a long way to go before disabled artists are fully integrated within mainstream performance. Adding to their relative invisibility is a dearth of robust models for identifying authorship and ownership of dance's intellectual property. The Project will critically evaluate relevant regulatory frameworks, including copyright, the legal/medical framework for disability and human rights within the UK, the European Union, and internationally. It will assess the extent to which these frameworks are complementary and/or conflictory, rhetorical or practical, and the degree to which they encourage creativity and its dissemination.

The Project will bring together researchers from two different disciplines - dance and law - and draws on concepts and methods from the arts and social sciences. We will conduct our research in collaboration with dance artists, both disabled and non-disabled, and with arts professionals and policymakers, to discover how artists view their role in the creative process in relation to others, and their experience of embodiment and bodily habitus. We will then disseminate the research via scholarly publications, policy papers and via a series of public events, some in conjunction with performances, to establish positive dialogues with and between stakeholders, including dance artists, educators and policymakers. A core component in the Project is therefore the knowledge exchange between researchers and practitioners and the distribution of knowledge across different discipline areas. This will raise awareness of the particular challenges and opportunities faced by disabled people and strengthen the case for change (where necessary) in working practices and the legal frameworks that underpin the artists' work. Above all the Project will seek to empower disabled dance artists and strengthen their place in our cultural milieu.

Planned Impact

The Project will have a number of impacts beyond the Academy:
The third sector: Dance companies, independent dance artists, and other arts practitioners with and without disabilities will be the principal beneficiaries of this research. The direct involvement in the dissemination activities of artists and those who work with artists (producers, company managers, programmers, arts funders, rehearsal directors etc) will encourage them to contribute to the debate and share their experiences of making and performing work. The research team already has close links with many within the dance sector; these contacts will be built on to ensure that artists are able to connect with the project through the Project website, blog and Facebook site, and are supported to attend public events. In addition, the participation in the Project of the disabled dance artists will foster better understanding of their work by the academic community as well as by funders, policy makers and the research community in general. By offering artists a clearer understanding of IPR, the Project may have longer-term economic benefits for artists, enabling dance makers and performers to register and exploit their work. The Project will thus give increased visibility to dance as an artform and increased understanding of how dances are choreographed, and the different ways in which dancers contribute to the making and performing of work.

Others who will benefit include the National Dance Agencies and organisations such as the Foundation for Community Dance who act as advocates for the community dance sector and have a special focus on dance and disabled people through their Potential strategic programme. The Project will invite Ken Bartlett, Creative Director of the Foundation, to be involved in public events and will ensure that the work of the Project is disseminated through the Foundation's networks. Although the focus of the work will be on the UK context it is likely to be of great interest to the dance and disability networks in Europe, particularly Scandinavia, North America (VSA) and South America, with whom the team have direct contacts.

Policy makers and policy processes: The research will be disseminated to policy makers via the PI, CI, researchers and the Advisory Group. Both the PI and CI have extensive links with policy makers at local and International level as do the other members of the research team. These existing links will be used to feed into the policy process. The Advisory Group will be selected in part for their links to relevant organisations and individuals and to advise on pathways to engage with policy makers during the currency of the project.

A multi-stakeholder hub: The capacity that will be built via the Research Assistants and PhD studentships, together with the links forged with stakeholders through the research forum during the Project will form a lasting focal point for dialogue concerning the place of disabled dance within the local and international community. It will have the capability to link in a sustained way the many different interests in the area of disabled dance. At a time of significant changes and developments within the professional arts sector, the legal frameworks that govern IP including copyright, as well as the arts and humanities research community, the Project will build productive relationships with those outside the academic sector to ensure that the research can have a lasting impact on those who are directly involved in the creative and cultural industries.

Links with the newly formed creative hubs: Additionally, the Project will identify where there can be useful links with non-HE partners who are participating in the newly formed AHRC KE Creative Hubs, and in the future RCUK-funded centre for Copyright and New Business Models in the Digital Age, to identify where knowledge can be pooled and to maximise the impact of the research.
 
Title Famuli - Duet choreographed by Kate Marsh and Welly O'Brien 
Description Dance performance (duet) choreographed by Kate Marsh and Welly O'Brien. 
Type Of Art Performance (Music, Dance, Drama, etc) 
Year Produced 2015 
Impact The process of making and performing this work was important to Marsh's PhD research. The performance of the work allowed for conversations that are central to the project to extend into non-academic (artistic and public) contexts. 
URL http://www.marshwello.dance/Home/
 
Description We have discovered that the dance community and particularly the disabled dance community are in need of considerably more information about copyright and intellectual property law to be able to develop and sustain their careers. We have also discovered that audiences are largely ill informed about the work and greater support is needed for programming venues, producers and professional organisations to find methods to encourage more informed audience engagement. We have developed a number of policy briefs and other documents specifically targeted towards the professional arts sector to support artists in their work to help them thrive and sustain their careers.
Exploitation Route Disabled dance artists are already making changes to their working practices and are studying contracts and other legal documents to ensure that they are fully consenting to the conditions in which they are working. Our publications are widely disseminated and target a range of potential users and audiences, and they are written to ensure maximum accessibility.
Sectors Communities and Social Services/Policy,Creative Economy,Education,Culture, Heritage, Museums and Collections

URL http://www.invisibledifference.org.uk
 
Description They have had a direct impact on the professional disabled dance community who are actively adopting our advice that has emerged through the research to inform their contractual agreements with venues, arts organisations and other commissioners of their work. We have also been granted funding for a follow-on project: Resilience and Inclusion: Dancers as Agents of Change. For this we are developing an on-line toolkit for (disabled) dance artists to elaborate on the legal frameworks relevant to their work, and for venue programmers to explain the legal frameworks that might be helpful in tackling the hurdles faced when programming disabled dance.
Sector Creative Economy
Impact Types Cultural,Economic

 
Description Response to Arts Council England consultation
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
URL http://data.parliament.uk/writtenevidence/committeeevidence.svc/evidencedocument/culture-media-and-s...
 
Description Response to Arts Council report - The Value of Arts and Culture to People and Society
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Implementation circular/rapid advice/letter to e.g. Ministry of Health
 
Description Waelde, C. and Brown, A. , Submission to Inquiry: Creative Industries Scotland 2015,
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
URL https://www.parliament.uk/business/committees/committees-a-z/commons-select/scottish-affairs-committ...
 
Description AHRC Collaborative Doctoral Award
Amount £68,648 (GBP)
Organisation Arts & Humanities Research Council (AHRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2017 
End 01/2020
 
Description AHRC Follow-on Funding for Impact and Engagement
Amount £69,583 (GBP)
Funding ID AH/P003702/1 
Organisation Arts & Humanities Research Council (AHRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2016 
End 09/2017
 
Description British Council Exchange Programme
Amount £4,787 (GBP)
Organisation British Council 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2017 
End 04/2018
 
Description Coventry University PhD Studentships
Amount £84,000 (GBP)
Organisation Coventry University 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2016 
End 09/2019
 
Description Performing Empowerment: Disability, Dance, and Inclusive Development in Post-Conflict Sri Lanka
Amount £38,946 (GBP)
Funding ID AH/P008178/2 
Organisation Arts & Humanities Research Council (AHRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2017 
End 09/2018
 
Description Kate Marsh research visit to Australia for collaboration with Critical Path 
Organisation Critical Path Institute
Country United States 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Two week research residency with three Australian artists developing a choreographic practice. Using practice and research to interrogate individual and collective practices and make research links between multi-disciplinary organisations.
Collaborator Contribution Supported by Metal Culture, Arts Council, England - research to be disseminated through these organisations and C-DaRE
Impact This collaboration will result in a research film , documenting the processes and the aim is that this will be used to disseminate findings and investigate potential further research areas.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Marsh, K. , Finding Your Way, Animated Community Dance Magazine 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Article in industry magazine
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Archaism in the Law of Innovation, Innovation in the Law: New Challenges, New Perspectives. Edinburgh University, 1-2 December 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact discussions followed preentation about role of law in this area.

n/a
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Authorship and the Voice of Disability in Dance, Liverpool Hope University, 11 February 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Discussion followed the presentation.

n/a. Much of our conference papers have been to share information.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Beyond the Tipping Point? Dance, Disability and Law November 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation workshop facilitator
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact We hosted a two day conference at Coventry University as our final public engagement event for our project. The two days provided ample opportunity for participants to listen to conference papers and join in conversations, as well as view performances by the artists we have worked with on the project.

Many of the audience from the dance sector were intrigued by the legal frameworks that operate within dance. It was apparent that the artists have their own ways of understanding issues such as copyright and they were receptive to the legal panel's discussions regarding copyright law and how to protect their work. Additionally, the panel provided information to the audience with regard to human rights obligations and how medical law views disability. This information was welcomed by the audience
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Brown, A., Harmon, S., and Waelde, C., SCRIPT: A Legacy of Vitality 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Article about the project in SCRIPTed industry magazine.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL https://script-ed.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/06/brown_harmon_waelde.pdf
 
Description Brown, A., InVisible Difference, LES NewsXchange newsletter 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Discucssions with industry association (Licensing Executive Society) which publishes journal about having disability as a focus of an event. This did not come about but it was an opportunity to further disseminate within industry leaders the need for engagement with dance and disability in events with an IP and commercial focus.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Copyright, Performers and Creativity 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Mathilde Pavis presented at the Law Postgraduate Research Conference, University of Exeter.

Talk sparked questions and discussion afterwards
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Dance and Disciplines, The International Conference on Educational, Cultural and Disability Studies, Liverpool Hope University 1-2 July 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Discussion relating to how dance relates with other disciplines.

n/a
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Dance and Law: From Indifference to Rapport Digital Echoes Conference, Institute for Creative Enterprise, Coventry, 13 February 2015. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Discussions surrounding how the law interacts with the creative process.

Interest from artists/people involved in creative industry to how the law interacts with their faily process.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Dance, Deaf and Disabled People 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Kate Marsh introduced InVisible Difference at the "National Networking Day: Dance, Deaf and Disabled People". This event was hosted by The Foundation for Community Dance and National Inclusive Dance Network held at The Richard Attenborough Centre - Leicester.

After, more people have joined the project's mailing list and want further information on our events.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Dance, Disability and the Law: an Interdisciplinary Approach to Creativity 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation paper presentation
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This paper will explore the extent to which copyright and human rights regimes engage with disability and laws relating to it. It will discuss human rights in respect of the protection of the moral and material interests of the author, sharing in cultural life, freedom of expression and prevention from discrimination, building on rights in international and European instruments.

BILETA hosts an annual conference in March/April each year. It is hosted by a law school and has taken place in a variety of locations: England & Wales, Northern Ireland, Scotland, The Netherlands and Malta.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Dance, law and disability: exploring issues of visibility and invisibility in the world of disabled dance artists 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Presentation at the Nordic Network of Disability Research, Turku, Finland on 30th-31st May 2013.

Presentation given on 31 May 2013
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Dance, law and disability; exploring issues of visibility and invisibility in the work of disabled dance artists 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Presentation given at Nordic conference, NNDR, Finland

This conference was an international networking opportunity and dissemination of research.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://nndr2013.fi/
 
Description Disability and the Dancing Body: A Symposium on Ownership, Identity and Difference in Dance 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Developed ideas for research questions beyond InVisible Difference.
Enhaned understanding of research questions with regard to cultural heritage and audience.
Provided the research team with perspectives on impact of our own research and wider research/dialogues being conducted elsewhere.

Very successful engagment with audience. Event was free but was a 'sell out' in advance of the day. Feedback provided by audience was very positive. Many reported an interest in learning about legal rights they did not know they had. Several audience members expressed interest in being involved in the project. Many attendees expressed pleasure at being able to talk about the issues rather than being talked at by a panel of experts.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Disability: Access to and Engagement in the Arts. What Can the Law Do?, University of Aberdeen, 4 October 2013 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Discussion followed the presentation about the research, how the law operates with the creative field.

n/a
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Disabled Dance: Cultural Heritage, Audience Literacy and Legal Contributions, Social-Legal Studies Association Annual Conference, University of Warwick, 1 April 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Stimulated discussion surrounding cultural heritage and how disabled dance can be preserved within it.

The audience was interested in the intersection between law, dance and disability. Discussion followed presentation surrounding issues identified. Echoing the response at other legal themed conferences, pulling together the three disciplines was a cause of intrigue, and many of the questions reflected this. Many of the audience had not considered such intersections before and expressed this.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description From 'Broken Bodies' to 'Woken Bodies': Enhancing Bioethics Outcomes with Insights from Disabled Dance, European Association of Centres of Medical Ethics, Lille, France, 2-4 October 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact challenged bioethics way of thinking about disability from the medialised view of disability to a more 'differently-abled' view.

Discussion surrounding the shifting perception of disability.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Harmon, S. , Broadening the Medical Ethics Perspective Through Dance, Mason Institute blog ? 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Blog post highlighting some of the project's research, aimed at interdisciplinary research network.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description InVisible Difference poster presentation 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Poster presentation by Mathilde Pavis to ignite discussion about the project and the presenter's PhD project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description InVisible Difference poster presentation, University of Exeter Showcase your Research - poster presentation 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact questions relating to poster/invisible difference project and also related to team member's PhD.

n/a
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description InVisible Difference, Disability and the Dancing Body: A Symposium on Ownership, Identity and Difference in Dance, in SCRIPTed 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Report on the InVisible Difference symposium in SCRIPTed industry magazine.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description InVisible Difference: Disability, Dance and Law, Lancaster Disability Studies Conference - poster presentation 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Questions posed to the team member attending the conference about the research and the poster.

n/a. Poster presentation intended to summarise our work in a short time.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description InVisible Difference: Disability, Dance and Law, Socio-Legal Studies Association Annual Conference poster presentation 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact questions from those who looked at/read poster. Discussion surrounding legal issues as this was a legal conference.

n/a
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description InVisible Difference: How the Academy Can Support the Disabled Dancer 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Presentation to Avoidance in the Academy conference at Liverpool Hope University.

Presentation called InVisible Difference: How the Academy Can Support the Disabled Dancer to mixed discipline audience. We had some deep questions posed by the audience, one of whom is a leading expert in the disability studies. It is difficult to assess impact however, as this was not a 'typical' audience for our research. There were observations relating to the unusual nature of our interdisciplinar approach and that it was refreshing to see such an interdisciplinary approach. The presentation was very well attended by conference attendees. Further, the audience expressed an interest in how the law intersected with the dance theme and asked some probing questions on legal implications relating to disability/choreography.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Innovation, Creativity, and Addressing Societal Problems: Looking Beyond Geography and Intellectual Property, Association for Advancement of Teaching and Research in Intellectual Property, Cape Town, South Africa, 28 September 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Discussion followed relating to physical/intellectual disability.

Discussion afterwards relating to disability. Further dissemination of materials for project conference.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://atrip2015.com/
 
Description Intellectual Property Law, Disability and Performance, No Limits International Theatre Festival, Berlin, 8-9 November 2013 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Questions from audience relating to how intellectual property law can assist artists in their respective fields.

n/a. Many of the participants at this conference has little or not knowledge of the legal issues surrounding ownership of their work and the presenter noted that many of the questions posed to her following the presentation were from people who were seeking clarificiation on legal issues relating to dance/making work/protecting their work.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Intersections Expert Forum November 2013 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The individuals in attendance discussed themes in groups and then one speaker from each group provided the discussion's key points to the wider audience. This stimulated thinking into other areas the research team had not yet considered within those contexts e.g. audience responses to work.

We were able to incorporate topics and issues highlighted by the audience into our research questions e.g. how the audience engages with the work and why they may find it difficult to engage with disability in a meaningful way.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Invisible Difference: Dance, Disability and Law 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation on the embarkation of the project

National Networking Day - Dance, Deaf & Disabled People, organised by FCD

Wed 6 March in Leicester
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Invisible Difference: Dance, Disability and Law 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation workshop facilitator
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation given on the work of the project

In March 2013, Dance4 will publish the results of a landmark research project carried out to assess training provision and progression routes that currently exist for young disabled dancers in England.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Invited talk 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Whatley presented 'Transmitting Inclusion in Dance' at the Royal Conservatoire of Scotland, Glasgow. This led to and invitation for a follow-up discussion with a particular focus on the young dancers training to be dancers with 'unseen' disabilities.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Is There Any-Body on Stage? A Legal (mis)Understanding of Performances, International Congress of the Association for the Advancement of Teaching and Research in Intellectual Property Law, Cape Town, South Africa, 27 September 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Questions followed the presentation. This was a presentation given as presenter had won award for paper and was invited to present her research as a guest.

Presenter invited to give her paper as award winner for article written as part of AHRC InVisible DIfference project. This gave the team member the opportunity to speak about her PhD research, and the project more widely, to an audience of internationally renowned intellectual property lawyers.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Let's Dance! But Who Owns It?, Dancing Economies Conference, Egham, 21 February 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Questions followed the presentation surrounding ownership and the legal consequences of ownership in dance/commissioned works.

n/a. Discussions follow and we intend to show audiences another way of thinking, but it is difficult to assess notable impacts.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Marsh, K. , 11 Million Reasons, People Dancing crowdfunding campaign 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Supporters
Results and Impact Public-facing crowd-funding campaign for a photography project featuring dancers with disabilities.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.communitydance.org.uk/developing-participation/11-million-reasons-to-dance/photography-ex...
 
Description Marsh, K. , Do you "do" disabled dancing?, South East Dance newsletter 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Entry in regional dance organisation newsletter to raise awareness of some of the questions at the core of the project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://southeastdance.org.uk/blog/do-you-do-disabled-dancing/
 
Description Policy Brief A Bioethics Perspective Through Disabled Dance A Policy Brief for Ethics Educators and Practitioners 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This briefing paper was devised for bio-ethicists to offer an alternative view of disability, rather than it being simply medicalised.

We have no means to assess how often the briefing papers are downloaded. However the policy papers were printed off and provided to the audience at our 2015 conference at Coventry University. It should be noted that we had audience members as if they could keep the policy papers and some took additional copies to show colleagues.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.invisibledifference.org.uk/media/papers/Policy_brief_bioethics.pdf
 
Description Policy Brief Asserting Copyright 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Policy brief relating to copyright. Intended to summarise copyright law to make it clearer and more accessible to artists and how they can utilise copyright laws to support their work.

Artists have expressed an interest in learning about their legal rights to protect work and welcomed information pertaining to this. However the policy papers were printed off and provided to the audience at our 2015 conference at Coventry University. It should be noted that we had audience members as if they could keep the policy papers and some took additional copies to show colleagues.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.invisibledifference.org.uk/media/papers/Policy_brief_copyright_5.pdf
 
Description Policy Brief Collaboration and Copyright 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact We created this policy brief in response to interview comments that it is now always clear how working in larger groups can affect copyright, e.g. where work is commissioned

We have no function to see how often our briefing papers have been downloaded but they are created in response to findings from interviews. However the policy papers were printed off and provided to the audience at our 2015 conference at Coventry University. It should be noted that we had audience members as if they could keep the policy papers and some took additional copies to show colleagues.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.invisibledifference.org.uk/media/papers/Policy_brief_collaboration_and_copyright_5.pdf
 
Description Policy Brief Human Rights and Culture: Human Rights Obligations on States in Respect of Dance Made and Performed by Dancers With Disabilities 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact To provide further information to policy makers on their obligations under the law on disabled dancers.

No way of assessing how often the policy briefs have been downloaded from our website. However the policy papers were printed off and provided to the audience at our 2015 conference at Coventry University. It should be noted that we had audience members as if they could keep the policy papers and some took additional copies to show colleagues.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.invisibledifference.org.uk/media/papers/Policy_brief_human_rights_and_culture_4.pdf
 
Description Policy Brief The UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact A policy brief describing how the UN Convention on thr Rights of Persons with Disabilities could support disabled dancers.

We have no way of assessing how often the policy briefs have been downloaded from the website. However the policy papers were printed off and provided to the audience at our 2015 conference at Coventry University. It should be noted that we had audience members as if they could keep the policy papers and some took additional copies to show colleagues.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.invisibledifference.org.uk/media/papers/Policy_Brief_CRPD_2.pdf
 
Description Policy Brief for Dancers 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Briefing document for dancers.

We have no facilitity to see how often the document has been downloaded. However the policy papers were printed off and provided to the audience at our 2015 conference at Coventry University. It should be noted that we had audience members as if they could keep the policy papers and some took additional copies to show colleagues.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.invisibledifference.org.uk/media/papers/Policy_brief_dancers_final_4.pdf
 
Description Policy Brief for Supporters of Dance 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact A policy brief for supporters of dance on how they can assist artists.

We have no method of assessing how often our policy briefs have been downloaded but they have been created in response to comments arising at interviews and the information that people ask for. However the policy papers were printed off and provided to the audience at our 2015 conference at Coventry University. It should be noted that we had audience members as if they could keep the policy papers and some took additional copies to show colleagues.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.invisibledifference.org.uk/media/papers/Policy_brief_supporters_of_dance_final_2.pdf
 
Description Policy Brief for Venues: Providing Space. Obligations and Approaches to Dancers with Different Bodies. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact We have published a number of policy briefs on the project website to assist artist/policy makers on the subject we have researched.

The documents are on the website but we have no facility to assess how often they have been downloaded. However the policy papers were printed off and provided to the audience at our 2015 conference at Coventry University. It should be noted that we had audience members as if they could keep the policy papers and some took additional copies to show colleagues.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.invisibledifference.org.uk/media/papers/dance_Policy_brief_venues.pdf
 
Description Policy Brief: Copyright Royalties vs Public Funding for Dance Made and Performed by Dancers with Disabilities 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Supporters
Results and Impact Policy brief for funders of dance by by disabled people.

We have no way of assessing how often the policy briefs have been downloaded from the website. However the policy papers were printed off and provided to the audience at our 2015 conference at Coventry University. It should be noted that we had audience members as if they could keep the policy papers and some took additional copies to show colleagues.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.invisibledifference.org.uk/media/papers/Policy_brief_royalities_9.pdf
 
Description Presentation at DocPerform2 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Whatley's presentation led to discussion with QUT, Australia, re Ausstage and the inclusion of work by disabled artists - now to be developed into a chapter in a book on disability arts.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Presentation at Royal Central School of Speech and Drama 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Presentation at Royal Central School of Speech and Drama.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Presentation at University of Edinburgh 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Presentation to Empirical Legal Research Network by Hannah Donaldson
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Presenting InVisible Difference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact Project talk given to the Empirical Legal Research Network at the University of Edinburgh.

Presentation given to the staff at the University of Edinburgh's law school to inform about the project and provide details on how the empirical research conducted has informed our understanding of the law.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Re-embodying the Image: Structures for the Disabled Dancer in Performance, ITFR, University of Warwick, 28 July - 1 August 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Questions followed the sessions relating to dance made and performance by disabled artists.

No know impacts beyond questions from audience to expand their thinking around the subject.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Sarah Whatley Keynote. Disability and Performer Training, Zurich University of the Arts, Zurich, Switzerland 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Keynote talk: Moving Matters: Supporting disabled students in Higher Education, Disability and Performer Training, Zurich University of the Arts, Zurich, Switzerland.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://www.facebook.com/events/847605332043414/
 
Description Sarah Whatley and Kate Marsh. Guest speakers at Augmentation, Disability and Embodiment, Medical Humanities Research Centre, University of Leeds 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Augmentation, Disability and Embodiment, Medical Humanities Research Centre, University of Leeds
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://www.leeds.ac.uk/arts/info/20045/leeds_humanities_research_institute/2846/augmenting_the_body...
 
Description Shifting Boundaries, Shifting Aesthetics: Intersecting dance, disability and law 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation given at the Internacional Federation for Theatre Research, Barcelona 22-26 June 2013

The talk sparked questions and discussion
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Shifting Boundaries, Shifting Aesthetics; Intersecting Dance, Disability and Law, Creative Art, Creative Industries: Collaboration in Practice Manchester Metropolitan University 21-22 June 2013 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact discussion followed relating to how law, disability and dance intersect.

n/a. General discussion followed relating to the law's role in the research area of dance/disability
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Shifting Boundaries, Shifting Aesthetics; intersecting dance, disability and law 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Presentation given by Pavis, M and Marsh, K. at the Intersections Colloquium of Performance Research at Royal Central School of Speech and Drama

Presentation given on 17th January 2014
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Shifting the Barriers of Authorship and the Author/Performer Divide, UCL Laws postgraduate and early years researcher conference, 3 November 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Discussion afterwards relating to content of presentation and how the law interacts.

n/a.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Taking Charge - Finding a New Discourse for Understanding the Shifting Roles of Disabled People in Dance, New Visions on Dance: Symposium for emerging and early career researchers. New Visions on Dance, Middlesex University 12 October 2013 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Discussion follow presentation

Information requested from audience about project, discussions arose around role of disabled people in dance.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description What Can the Law Learn from Different Bodies? Shifting the Boundaries of Bodily Difference and Authorship, Exeter University Humanities Postgraduate Research Conference, University of Exeter 28 April 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Questions and discussion followed the presentation

n/a.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description What should be exceptional: copyright, human rights or taking disability seriously? 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation paper presentation
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A conference focussed on law aspects, this presentation detailed the issues of copyright and human rights on disabled dance.

The theme of the conference was: Is Intellectual Property a Lex Specialis? This presentation looked at IP law, HR and copyright.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Whatley, S. , Does Education Include? Animated Community Dance Magazine 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Article in community dance industry magazine to contribute to conversations about inclusive dance education.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.communitydance.org.uk/DB/animated-library/does-education-include?ed=32213
 
Description Who Values Dance Made by Disabled Artists? Empirical and Academic Research in Dance and Law, Royal Central School of Speech and Drama Intersections conference 16 January 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Discussion followed session surrounding aspects of research and observations conducted.

n/a
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Who Values Disabled Dance? Poster presentation, University of Exeter Showcase Your Research, Exeter - poster presentation 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Questions on poster, team research and research relating to team member's PhD (related to project).

n/a
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015