The Power and the Water: Connecting Pasts with Futures

Lead Research Organisation: University of Bristol
Department Name: School of Humanities

Abstract

'The Power and the Water: Connecting Pasts with Futures' examines the nature of environmental 'connectivities' since industrialization and how their legacies challenge us in the early 21st century. Environmental connectivity denotes our understanding of how place, livelihood and community is moulded by interacting processes of multiple spatial scale and different durations, that link local actions to the 'planetary system'. These understandings relate to how infrastructure and its environmental impacts generate new distances but, equally, fresh bonds between places, peoples, institutions and cultures. Our understanding of connectivity also engages with how the construction and sustainment of human communities creates a landscape that can facilitate or interrupt the interactions of species, biodiversity and the resilience of socio-cultural and natural worlds.
We will examine how different environmental narratives are deployed in particular places and contexts; how these narratives interact; how they seek to link communities and their environmental impacts; how they connect designated environmental 'experts' and a variety of publics and policymakers; and how, in turn, they shape identities and forge new communities of understanding, shared infrastructure and political action. We will also consider shared negative experiences that affect community resilience, social learning and environmental policy response.
We will examine how notions of the 'environmental' and 'natural' categorize spaces and demarcate what is worthy of protection, privileging certain ideas of what is valued in nature and how ecological and socio-cultural connections work. In particular, we explore the transformative role of technology across a range of liquid and energy environments - from the manipulation of the Tyne and proposed harnessing of the Severn to the drainage of Peak District mines and massive electricity delivery systems such as pylons.
We can do fullest justice to these questions and this approach through a series of integrated studies that probe key aspects of environmental connectivity in the 20th century and beyond (backwards and forwards). This will allow us to appreciate commonalities and contrasts in environmental experience, and how these relate to specific times, places and communities, as well as social, educational and informational experiences.
The project consists of 3 strands focusing on different types of connectivity, all rooted in considerations of power and energy. 1. River systems and their connected bio-physical, energetic, commercial and cultural flows (with reference to Tyne and Severn). 2. Infrastructure and energy systems/sectors and their connected sites of generation, transmission and consumption (with reference to the national grid's emergence and the energy environments of 20th century Somerset). 3. The infrastructure of constructed watercourses and how they connect notions of natural and cultural heritage and watercourses above and below ground (with reference to soughs [drainage channels/artificial rivers] in Derbyshire's former lead mining district).
Each strand contributes to the generation of consequential new syntheses of environmental history and environmental thought in Britain, demonstrating the historical development and contingency of 'environmental connectivity', but also their place- and context-specific character. These endeavours hook up with themes highlighted in the 'Care for the Future' and 'Connected Communities' programmes. What kind of future envisioning, and possibilities for progress toward sustainable development or risks of degradation and dissolution, are associated with particular forms of environmental connectivity? How far are people and communities aware of connections undergirding their lives? What kind of responsibilities and ideas of stewardship/ownership has this conferred on individuals, systems of knowledge generation, institutions, and, indeed, the 'forces of nature'.

Planned Impact

Among the most valuable contributions that historically-minded research in the arts and humanities can bring to understanding perceptions of '(the) environment', processes of environmental change, and questions of environmental sustainability, is to situate them within their wider social, cultural, economic, political, scientific, technological - and temporal - contexts. By identifying differing meanings and articulations that have been given to perceptions of environmental change in different societies and among different groups in different contexts, whether local, national and international, we can come to a better understanding of how they emerge, how they shape behaviour and response, how and why they are durable or prone to surprise.

These insights can help current managers and policymakers appreciate the perceptions and socio-cultural interpretations that act as levers or barriers to managing the 'environment' and engaging various publics in the management of change. Equally, the findings of historical research improve our comprehension of how human agency has long been central to processes of environmental change, just as human action has been intensively shaped by the context of environmental challenges and opportunities. Moreover, a firmer grasp of how places and publics shape environmental discourse can help with developing more effective communication and awareness of the narratives that inform policy.

This project both expands and refines our efforts to provide a vital, yet still largely missing link, between humanities research and the delivery of environmental policy. Academic expertise of the kind we have assembled for this project is often difficult for managers to access and will help them to develop connections and sustainable working relationships with parts of the academic community outside of usual partnerships.

Our research programme on environmental connectivities related to liquid and energy environments is particularly timely for a number of reasons, which include, but are not limited to the following. Firstly, two of our partners, Northumbrian Water and the Quantock Hills AONB Service, are preparing for 'periodic' five-year review of their management plans for the 2015-20 period; this presents us with a unique opportunity to make a meaningful contribution through our projects on the Tyne and Somerset's energy environments. Secondly, our studies of the Severn Barrage and equally contested nuclear and wind energy projects in adjacent Somerset are equally of the moment in view of current UK government efforts to tackle climate change and meet EU carbon emission reduction targets (that 15% of total UK energy consumption derive from renewable sources by 2020 and 60% by 2050). Thirdly, the Peak District National Park's Biodiversity Action Plan for river habitats highlights sough drainage and its impact on river flows and the development of mitigation strategies as a priority research area. Fourthly, the demand for and contestation of major infrastructure development and efforts (such as the National Ecosystem Assessment 2) to anticipate changes in land use and demand for ecosystem services makes a historically-informed understanding of changing attitudes toward the local and national reception of large-scale projects particularly timely, and of high interest to policymakers and the National Trust, another partnership established over previous projects.

Our wide range of partners and associates share our belief that environmental history can have a material impact on policy planning and stimulate productive thinking about their activities. However, we have been working with them long enough to know that, for all the advance attention we can give to pathways to impact, and the wider dissemination of research findings and collaborative activities, the best ideas usually result from the actual process of working together on the ground and in tandem with the emergence of the research findings.
 
Description Through its publications, public engagement activities and other activities (reported on the project website: http://powerwaterproject.net/), the project has demonstrated the intimate connections between water and power in British environmental history, from the surfing of the Severn Bore to the post-industrial clean-up of the River Tyne. Two doctoral theses, for example, have been completed on aspects of energy history, examining the emergence of the National Grid and the harnessing of tidal energy in the Severn estuary. A project book, which is underway, will knit together the various project themes and strands
Exploitation Route N/A
Sectors Energy,Environment,Leisure Activities, including Sports, Recreation and Tourism

 
Description The research on Derbyshire soughs by CI Georgina Endfield and PDRA Carry van Lieshout informed the latest strategy for the Derwent Valley Mills UNESCO World Heritage Site (2016): G. Endfield & C. Van Lieshout, 'Strategic objective 10C: Investigate the impact of human modifications to the hydrological landscape of the Derwent Valley and identify strategies for improved water management' (p. 84); G. Endfield, A.J. Howard and L. Veale, 'Strategic objective 10D. Elucidate the flood history of the Derwent Valley as a guide to the potential impact of future climate change upon the historic environment resource' (p. 85):
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
URL http://www.derwentvalleymills.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/12/DVM_Research_Framework_2016.pdf
 
Description Consultancy work (Tyne Rivers Trust) 
Organisation Tyne Rivers Trust
Country Unknown 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution PDRA Leona Skelton completed 22 hours of consultancy work between November 2015 and May 2016 as part of Tyne Rivers Trust's Heritage Lottery funded Water Vole Heritage Project, transcribing oral history interviews, training volunteer interviewers and liaising with Northumberland Archives to make the recorded interviews publicly available, including developing pdf files for the Archives' website to assist people with special needs to engage with the audio-visual recordings taken from the oral history interviews.
Collaborator Contribution N/A
Impact Oral history interview transcription
Start Year 2015
 
Description Steering committee membership (Tyne Rivers Trust) 
Organisation Tyne Rivers Trust
Country Unknown 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution PDRA Leona Skelton served on the Steering Committee that submitted a Heritage Lottery Fund bid for a Tyne-specific Education Programme (summer 2016).
Collaborator Contribution N/A
Impact Heritage Lottery Fund application (unsuccessful, but being prepared for re-submission).
Start Year 2016
 
Description The past, present and future of the River Tyne 
Organisation Northumbrian Water
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution A funded researcher provided the oral history interviewing expertise and experience to conduct the Kielder Oral History Project on the North Branchg of the Tyne/Kielder Water/Kielder Forest.
Collaborator Contribution Access to interviewees and facilities; staff time for briefings and field trips.
Impact Kielder Oral History Project Tour of Howdon Sewage Treatment Works
Start Year 2010
 
Description 'A source of environmental concern: The River Tyne's court books, 1644-1834', 'Environment, Law and History' blogspot (David Schorr, Tel Aviv University, Israel 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Blogspot based on project research of Dr Leona Skelton (post-doc, Bristol University): 'A source of environmental concern: The Tyne's River Court Books, 1644-1834', 'Environment, Law and History' blogspot (David Schorr, Tel Aviv University), http://environmentlawhistory.blogspot.co.uk/2014/09/a-source-of-environmental-concern-tynes.html
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description 'Between cultural and natural heritage, and human and natural archive', Exploring the Past to Understand the Present and Anticipate the Future, 1st Franco-British (AHRC/Labex) Research Workshop, Val d'Oise, France 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Paper based on project research findings by Dr Marianna Dudley (post-doctoral researcher, Bristol University)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description 'Beyond the barrage: Harnessing the power of the tides in the Severn Estuary' (poster), Severn Estuary Forum, Severn Estuary Partnership, Cardiff 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Poster based on project research findings by Alexander Portch (Project Student, Bristol University)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description 'British rivers: Flow, ownership and modern water', 'Civic matter: Infrastructure as Politic' seminar series, Centre for Research in the Arts, Social Sciences and Humanities, University of Cambridge, UK 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Paper based on project research findings by Dr Marianna Dudley (post-doc, Bristol University)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description 'Contested subterranean waterways: Lead mining soughs and water conflict in Derbyshire's Derwent Valley', International Conference on Waterscapes and Historic Canals as Cultural Heritage, Venice, Italy 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Paper based on project research findings by Professor Georgina Endfield (co-investigator, Nottingham University) and Dr Carry van Lieshout (post-doctoral researcher, Nottingham University). A chapter based on this talk/research ('Contested subterranean waterscapes: lead mining sough disputes in Derbyshire's Derwent Valley') will be published in an edited collection of essays (Routledge, 2017)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.unesco.org/new/en/media-services/single-view/news/waterscapes_and_historic_canals_as_a_cu...
 
Description 'Debating energy, constructing landscape: Energy development and the visual in Somerset, England, 1900-1929', paper at Centre for History and Economics, Magdalene College/Kings College, University of Cambridge, UK 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Paper based on project research findings by Dr Jill Payne (post-doc, Cambridge University)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description 'Degeneration and regeneration on the River Tyne', presentation to Clean Tyne Project Steering Committee, Gateshead, UK 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact 'Degeneration and regeneration on the Tyne' was a presentation at Gateshead Council Offices (19 June 2014) by project post-doc Dr Leona Skelton (Bristol University) to the Steering Committee of the Clean Tyne Project, which includes representatives of the Tyne Rivers Trust, Gateshead Council, South Tyneside Council, Newcastle City Council and Northumbrian Water.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description 'Degeneration and regeneration on the Tyne', presentation to Tyne Rivers Trust, Corbridge, UK 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact 'Degeneration and regeneration on the Tyne' was a presentation given by project post-doc Dr Leona Skelton (Bristol University) to Tyne Rivers Trust (6 June 2014), which led to an invitation to join the Trust's 'Tyne-Specific Education Programme Steering Committee', which involved further presentations on 25 November 2014 and on 20 January, 10 February and 14 May 2015.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description 'Down the rabbit hole: Encounters with the inner earth', Symposium on 'Spaces of Attunement: Life, Matter and the Dance of Encounters', Cardiff University, UK 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Paper based on project research findings by Dr Carry van Lieshout (post-doc, Nottingham University)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description 'Energy disconnections: The development of landscape rights and energy production realities in south west England since the 1870s', European Society for Environmental History, annual conference, Versailles, France 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Paper based on project research findings by Dr Jill Payne, post-doctoral researcher, University of Cambridge. This paper is being worked up into an article for submission to a scholarly journal, provisionally entitled 'No country for old (or new) industry: writing energy development out of the landscape in Somerset, England, after 1919'.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description 'Fluvial pathways: Forging geographic, social, economic, ecological and cultural connections within the River Tyne catchment', European Society for Environmental History, annual conference, Versailles, France 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Paper based on project research findings by Dr Leona Skelton, post-doctoral researcher, Bristol University
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description 'Following the flow: Recreation and conflict on British rivers', European Society for Environmental History, annual conference, Versailles, France 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Paper based on project research findings by Dr Marianna Dudley, post-doctoral researcher, Bristol University
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description 'Harvesting oral histories: Life, work and fog on the Tyne', Workshop on 'Telling Environmental Stories: The Value of Oral History to Environmental History', La Trobe University, Melbourne, Australia 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Paper based on project research by Dr Leona Skelton (post-doc, Bristol University)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description 'Hidden river history', Festival of Nature exhibit, Bristol 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact 'Hidden River History' was a stall at the annual Bristol-based 'Festival of Nature presenting the project team's work on local river history.
Hundreds of people stopped by the exhibit to ask questions and interact with our display objects.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description 'Into the Mud' (participatory on-site creative arts event, funded by AHRC 'Connected Communities Festival' 2015, in conjunction with artist Tana West), Severn Beach, Bristol, UK 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Engagement with place pottery making workshop led by Tana West using Severn estuary mud: an on-site collaboration between the 'Power and Water' project and fellow AHRC project 'Towards Hydrocitizenship' (Connected Communities programme). Attendees included members of the community group, Ideal Action and the pottery made by workshop participants will be on display at an exhibition at Royal Fort House, University of Bristol, 14-18 March 2016.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description 'Investigating our subterranean heritage: Socio-cultural perspectives on Derbyshire's soughs', AGM of Peak District Mines Historical Society, Matlock, Derbyshire, UK 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Paper based on project research by Professor Georgina Endfield (project co-investigator, University of Nottingham) and Dr Carry van Lieshout (post-doc, Nottingham University)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description 'Knowing place: Recreational use of British rivers', Round Table on Global Environmental History, Inaugural Birmingham Seminar for Environmental Humanities, Birmingham University, UK 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Paper based on project research findings by Dr Marianna Dudley (post-doc, Bristol University)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description 'Mapping Somerset's energy landscapes', 'Space and Time' Workshop, Bristol University, UK 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Paper based on project research by Dr Jill Payne (post-doc, Cambridge University)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description 'Mapping historical energy protest in Somerset, UK', International Conference of Historical Geographers, London 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Paper based on project research findings by post-doctoral researcher Dr Jill Payne (University of Cambridge) and Project Students Kayt Button (University of Cambridge) and Alexander Portch (University of Bristol)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description 'Mapping the local response to a national strategy: How the British Electrical Grid was built and developed - A Southwest England case study' - Workshop on Energy History, Harvard University, USA 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Paper delivered at Energy History Workshop by Kayt Button, Research Student (Cambridge University) on Project
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description 'Muddying the waters: Recreational conflict and rights of use on British rivers', Environmentalism from Below Workshop. University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Paper based on project research findings by Dr Marianna Dudley (post-doctoral researcher, Bristol University)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description 'Restoring flow?: Soughs as pathways of connectivity', European Society for Environmental History, annual conference, Versailles, France 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Paper based on project research findings by Dr Carry van Lieshout, post-doctoral researcher at Nottingham University
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description 'River or ruin?: Connecting histories with publics', Exploring the Past to Understand the Present and Anticipate the Future', 1st Franco-British (AHRC/Labex) Research Workshop, Val d'Oise, France 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Paper based on project research findings by post-doctoral researcher Dr Carry van Lieshout (Nottingham University)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description 'Salmonscapes: Restoration, re-inscription and contestation on the River Tyne', International Conference on Waterscapes and Historic Canals as a Cultural Heritage, Venice, Italy 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Paper based on project research findings by Professor Peter Coates (Principal Investigator, Bristol University). A reworked version is included as an essay ('he last salmon and the last ship: visions of heritage on the Tyne') in an edited collection to be published by Routledge in 2017.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.unesco.org/new/en/media-services/single-view/news/waterscapes_and_historic_canals_as_a_cu...
 
Description 'Somerset's energy landscape', Bristol Bright Night, At-Bristol Science Centre, Bristol, UK 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Project post-doc Dr Jill Payne (University of Cambridge) gave this talk as an accompaniment to 'Tickertape: Waterscape', a public art installation in conjunction with artist Eloise Govier, Millennium Square Bristol, itself part of Bristol Bright Night (itself part of the Europe-wide annual Researchers' Night).

The research that informed this talk is being taken further in the shape of an article to be submitted to a scholarly journal, provisionally entitled 'Debating energy, constructing landscape: energy development, landscape protection and the visual in Somerset, England, before 1939'.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description 'Subterranean water conflicts and the vertical geography of flow: The drainage of the Derbyshire lead mines', International Conference of Historical Geographers, London 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Paper based on project research findings by post-doctoral researcher Dr Carry van Lieshout (University of Nottingham)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description 'Surfing the Severn Bore: River of Many Voices', Workshop on 'Telling environmental stories: The value of oral history to environmental history', La Trobe University, Melbourne, Australia 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Paper based on project research findings by Dr Marianna Dudley (post-doc, Bristol University)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description 'The River Tyne's great floods:Reconnecting pasts with futures' - Paper delivered at Workshop on 'Floods as Heritage: The Heritage Value of Floods', University of Limoges, France 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Research paper delivered by Dr Leona Skelton, Post-Doctoral Research Assistant (University of Bristol)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description 'The Tyne Talks: Environmental History from the View of the River', temporary public exhibition, Low Light Heritage Centre, North Shields, Newcastle, UK 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact This exhibition (12-30 June 2015) presented the project research findings of Dr Leona Skelton (post-doc, Bristol University) about the environmental history of the River Tyne.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description 'The environmental history of the Tyne', Rivers of the Anthropocene Workshop, University of Newcastle, Newcastle, UK 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Paper based on project research findings by post-doctoral researcher Dr Leona Skelton (Bristol University)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description 'The installation, maintenance and regulation of sewers in 16th and 17th century British towns', International Conference on Urban History. Lisbon, Portugal 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Paper based on project research findings by Dr Leona Skelton (post-doctoral researcher, Bristol University)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description 'Tickertape: Waterscape@ - public art installation, Millennium Square, Bristol, UK 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact 'Tickertape: Waterscape' was a public art installation representing a collaboration between project post-doc Dr Jill Payne (Cambridge University) and artist Eloise Govier, installed as part of Bristol Bright Night, an annual event held in September that is part of the Europe-wide Researchers' Night.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description 'Tinkering with the Tyne', Workshop on 'Ruling Climate: The Theory and Practice of Environmental Governmentality, 1500-1800', University of Warwick, UK 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Paper based on project research findings by Dr Leona Skelton (post-doc researcher, Bristol University)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description 'Tyne after Tyne: Reconnecting river pasts with presents and futures', 'Rains, Rivers and Reservoirs: An International, Interdisciplinary Conference' organized by the British Council and Newton Fund, Sao Paulo, Brazil 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Paper based on project research findings delivered by Dr Leona Skelton (Bristol University)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description 'Vertical property regimes in Britain's metal mining areas: An historical perspective', Royal Geographical Society-Institute of British Geographers, annual conference, Exeter, UK 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Paper based on project research findings by post-doctoral researcher Dr Carry van Lieshout (University of Nottingham)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description 'Water, Water': Bristol Bright Night, At-Bristol Science Centre, Bristol 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact 'Water, Water' was a street theatre collaboration between Dr Marianna Dudley (post-doc, Bristol University), writer Katherine Mitchell and Bristol University drama students, based on Dr Dudley's research, performed at various locations around Bristol Harbourside as part of the annual Bristol Bright Night (part of Europe-wide, EC funded Researchers' Night), first held in September 2014 and repeated in September 2015.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014,2015
 
Description 'What have we done to the river and what has the river done to us? The Tyne's environmental story, 1530-2015', Northumbria University, Newcastle 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited seminar paper at Geography Department of Northumbria University, based on project research findings by Dr Leona Skelton (post-doctoral researcher, Bristol University)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Blog by project research student on website of UK Energy Research Centre (UKERC) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Project research student Alexander Portch was commissioned to write a blog on his doctoral research ('The rise and fall [and rise again] of tidal power in the Severn Estuary - but still nothing built') for the website of the UK Energy Research Centre, which 'goes out to around 1,600 subscribers across academic, private & third sector and government in UK energy research'.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.ukerc.ac.uk/network/network-news/guest-blog-the-rise-and-fall-and-rise-again-of-tidal-pow...
 
Description Book promotion for 'Tyne after Tyne' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact 1-hour lecture followed by 30-minute Q&A as part of book promotion ('Tyne after Tyne) at a public meeting of the North East Labour History Society, Old George Pub, Newcastle.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://nelh.net/event/tyne-after-tyne-an-environmental-history-of-a-rivers-battle-for-protection-152...
 
Description Conference contribution (London) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact CI Georgina Endfield (Nottingham; now Liverpool) and PDRA Carry Van Lieshout gave a paper based on their sough research ('Volatile landscapes: legal conflicts over lead mining soughs in the Derbyshire Peak District, 1650s - 1830s') at the annual conference of the Royal Geographical Society-Institute of British Geographers (London, 2016). This paper is currently being written up for a special issue of the journal 'Political Geography'.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.rgs.org/NR/rdonlyres/9E2A0BF0-2363-4B96-9A62-E9D26F853C27/0/AC2016programmebookforweblowr...
 
Description Contribution by PDRA Leona Skelton to ESRC Festival of Social Science 'Fishing for Answers' public engagement initiative. A series of bar codes along the Tyne that people scan with their smartphones to hear stories about the history of angling. 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact A series of bar codes along the Tyne that people scan with their smartphones to hear stories about the history of angling. https://fishingforanswers.wordpress.com/2017/09/05/first-blog-post/
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://fishingforanswers.wordpress.com/2017/09/05/first-blog-post/
 
Description Forum (Sheffield) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact PDRA Leona Skelton gave a paper on her River Tyne research (on behalf of the Pennine Water Group, Sheffield University) at a Water Industry Forum Event at The Source Skills Academy, Sheffield.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Interview (Dr Marianna Dudley) for film produced by 'Bristol Loves Tides' project 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Based on her project research on water history, Dr Marianna Dudley (post-doc, Bristol University) was interviewed for an educational film that the 'Bristol Loves Tides' project (funded by Bristol Green Capital 2015) is making about water, tides and Bristol, for distribution in local secondary schools.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Interviews with Dr Leona Skelton (project post-doc, Bristol University) for articles in 'The Journal' (Newcastle), 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Dr Leona Skelton worked with Tony Henderson, the Environment Editor at Newcastle's local newspaper, 'The Journal', to disseminate her research findings. These were published as 'Charting how the flow of time has altered our beloved Tyne', The Journal, 17 January 2015, and 'Historian in Pennine Way walk for love of "her" river', The Journal, 6 May 2015.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.thejournal.co.uk/north-east-analysis/analysis-news/study-environmental-historian-investig...
 
Description Panel member and speaker (Dr Marianna Dudley) at 'Landscaping Change/Water' event, Arnolfini Gallery, Bristol 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Based on her post-doctoral research on local water history, Dr Marianna Dudley (Bristol University) was an invited panel member and speaker at the 'Landscaping Change/Water' event at Arnolfini Gallery, Bristol.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://landscapingchange.uk/events/water/
 
Description Panel member at 'Tidal turnings', Bristol Loves Tides (Bristol Green Capital 2015 funded project)/Towards Hydrocitizenship AHRC 'Connected Communities' project, Bristol, UK 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Dr Marianna Dudley (post-doc, Bristol University), based on her project expertise, was a panel member at the 'Tidal Turnings' event
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Panel session at the 2nd World Congress of Environmental Historians (Portugal, July 2014) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This panel session involving four members of the research team publicized the project's research activities to a wide international audience.

One of the presenters responded to a call for inclusion of papers in the conference proceedings, and this paper has been accepted.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.wceh2014.ecum.uminho.pt/images/editortexto/WCEH2014%20Program%20Changes2.pdf
 
Description Poster entitled 'Beyond the Barrage: Harnessing the power of the tides in the Severn Estuary' (2nd World Congress of Environmental Historians, Portugal, 2014) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Sparked discussion and further interest in the project.

N/A
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://powerwaterproject.net/?cat=57
 
Description Poster entitled 'From lead to tail: an environmental history of the Derbyshire soughs' (2nd World Congress of Environmental Historians, Portugal, 2014) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Sparked interest in project

N/A
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://powerwaterproject.net/?cat=57
 
Description Poster entitled 'The UK National Grid: Environmental impacts, consequences and connectivities' (2nd World Congress of Environmental Historians, Portugal, 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Sparked discussion and interest in the project

N/A
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://powerwaterproject.net/?cat=57
 
Description Public art exhibit (Welsh Assembly, Cardiff) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact PDRA Jill Payne (commentator) collaborated with artist Eloise Govier in an exploration of energy, consumption and waste in past, present and future Welsh landscapes, entitled 'Yn Perthyn i'r Tirwedd?/Belonging to the Landscape?', a public art exhibition at the Welsh Assembly's Pierhead Futures Gallery, 4-28 October 2016, sponsored by Joyce Watson AM.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://senedd.assembly.wales/mgCalendarEvent.aspx?Id=1679&RPID=0
 
Description Public exhibition entitled 'Land and Water' (University of Bristol) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact PDRA Marianna Dudley organized an exhibition at the University of Bristol ('Land and Water') in collaboration with Tana West, which featured West's ceramics made from Severn estuary mud gathered at an AHRC Connected Communities programme-funded workshop at Severn Beach (June 2015).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.bristol.ac.uk/ias/diary/2016/mud.html
 
Description Public lecture and round table discussion by by former PDRA Leona Skelton: 'Tynesiders and the Tyne: Five Centuries of Negotiation' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact 40-minute public lecture by Leona Skelton and roundtable discussion at the conclusion of a Day School on local history (History, Heritage & the Environment) with the North East branch of the Workers' Educational Association (WEA), at Newcastle Public Library.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://nelh.net/event/wea-day-school-history-heritage-the-environment/
 
Description Public talk by Leona Skelton on 'Sanitation and Environmental Governance in 17th-Century Newcastle' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Talk at public symposium (War and Plague in 17th-Century Newcastle) at Newcastle's St Nicholas Cathedral.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014,2018
URL https://www.northumbria.ac.uk/about-us/news-events/events/2017/06/war-and-plague/
 
Description Seminar paper (Newcastle) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact PDRA Leona Skelton have a paper about the public perception of water engineers on the Tyne in the 19th century in a seminar series of the Department of Civil Engineering at Newcastle University, on behalf of the Pennine Water Group (Sheffield University).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Series of talks ('Mud') (University of Bristol) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This series of talks (a collaboration with the University of Bristol's Institute for Advanced Studies, 14-18 March 2016), including one by 'Power and Water' project PI, Peter Coates, accompanied the Tana West ceramics exhibition, 'Land and Water'.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.bristol.ac.uk/ias/diary/2016/mud.html
 
Description Severn Bore Oral History Session, Epney, Gloucestershire, Uk 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Project post-doc Dr Marianna Dudley (Bristol University) organized a meeting, to coincide with a 4-star Bore, of current and veteran Severn Bore surfers, at which they were interviewed about their Bore surfing experiences and wider issues relating to their sense of place and the history of the Severn estuary and its tidal rhythms. This oral history material will provide data for Dr Dudley's publications in progress.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Severn Water Colours: outdoor workshop at Ship's Graveyard, Sharpness, Gloucestershire, UK 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact This art workshop (organized by Dr Marianna Dudley, post-doc, Bristol University) explored environmental change and connection to place in collaboration with Bristol Folk House's 'The Versatility of Watercolour' adult education class. The artworks were made into postcards (print run of 400) displayed and distributed free of charge at the 'Power and Water' project stand at the Festival of Nature (2015).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Workshop (London) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact PDRA Leona Skelton have a paper based on her River Tyne research at the 'Future City Dialogues: Future of Water in Cities' workshop organized by the Shoreditch Trust, London, on behalf of the Pennine Water Group (Sheffield University).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Workshop (invited) (University of Lulea, Sweden) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact PDRA Leona Skelton delivered a paper ('The power of the water at the source of the River Tyne: hydro-electricity, the UK's largest man-made lake and four decades of aesthetic controversy') at the workshop 'Aesthetics of Energy Landscapes'. Discussions are underway for an edited collection of essays, based on the workshop.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Workshop on 'Aesthetics of energy landscapes' (Lulea University of Technology, Sweden) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact PDRA Marianna Dudley delivered a paper about her work on water-generated energy ('Harnessing the waves at Billia Croo: energy, environment and aesthetics in the Orkney Islands') and contributed to discussions about the potential for a publication related to the workshop's themes (possibly an edited volume with University of Virginia Press).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Workshop on 'Oral and environmental histories' (La Trobe University, Melbourne, Australia) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact PDRA Marianna Dudley gave a paper based on her project research with Severn bore surfers at an international workshop entitled 'Telling environmental stories: the value of oral history to environmental history'. An essay based on this talk ('River of many voices: oral and environmental histories of the Severn') will be included in the edited collection 'Telling environmental stories', eds. Katie Holmes/Heather Goodall, in Palgrave Macmillan's 'World Environmental History' series.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Workshop presentation (University of Newcastle-upon-Tyne) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact PDRA Leona Skelton gave a paper based on her project research on the River Tyne as part of a workshop hosted by interdisciplinary environmental research groups 'Coupled Human and Natural Systems': CHANS) and the 'Cluster for Transformative Research on the Anthropocene' at Newcastle University.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016