Text and Meaning: Contributions to a Revised Dictionary of Medieval Irish

Lead Research Organisation: Queen's University of Belfast
Department Name: Sch of Arts, English and Languages

Abstract

In western Scotland and Ireland, Gaelic languages which are remnants of the ancient Celtic languages of these islands, continue to be spoken in an unbroken tradition down to the present day. There exists in Gaelic one of the oldest and richest vernacular literatures in the medieval world stretching back to the sixth century. A vast body of material has survived through the ages and is preserved in libraries in Ireland, Britain and continental Europe. It contains a wide range of material dating from the 7th to the 17th centuries including secular law texts, religious explorations of Heaven and Hell, accounts of the history of the world, exquisite poetry and a body of narrative tales unparalleled anywhere in the world. These texts are written in earlier forms of Gaelic and would be largely impenetrable even to modern Gaelic speakers without the work of generations of scholars who have edited, translated and interpreted the texts.

The primary tool for the interpretation of these texts has been the Royal Irish Academy's Dictionary of the Irish Language, which was published as 23 separate volumes starting in 1913 and ending in 1976. The completed dictionary runs to over 2000 pages and contains over 35,000 entries. It is the most authoritative and comprehensive dictionary of Irish and is widely considered of immense importance to Celtic and Irish scholarship around the world. Unfortunately, the vast majority of the Dictionary is now between 40 and 100 years old and many entries are well out of date. The proposed project will address this problem by examining 100 new textual editions that were not available to the original compilers of the Dictionary. In many cases these are texts that were completely unknown to the compilers while in other cases more recent and more authoritative editions have surpassed earlier efforts. The project will uncover previously unrecorded words, excise ghost words and suggest new or revised definitions, thereby providing scholars with a more comprehensive and authoritative source than was ever available before, and this will have significant impact on the quality of new textual scholarship for decades to come. In recent years, project staff have added words such as griogchan 'constellation', indladad 'pampering', and ainmesc 'alcohol free', to the Dictionary, as well as borrowings from French and English such as crosboga 'crossbow'. Research has also turned up occasional ironies, such as idirlion, the Modern Irish word for 'Internet', which is shown to have originally meant 'trap'.

The Dictionary was brought into the 21st century in 2007 with the publication, funded by the AHRC, of an electronic edition (www.dil.ie). This made it much more accessible to scholars working in all areas associated with medieval Ireland and Scotland including linguists, historians, textual scholars, archaeologists, folklorists, Indo-Europeanists, and scholars of comparative literature and religion. The new revised Dictionary will contain much new information on words relating to agriculture, medicine, law, music, religion and society that will be of particular interest to historians and archaeologists nationally and internationally, and will trace the origin and development of words over a period of a thousand years.

The Dictionary will be published online and a version will be made freely available for mobile devices. The general user will be able to subscribe to 'Word of the Day' which will introduce them to some of the more significant words and concepts in the early language. The rich vocabulary of the Dictionary is ripe for exploitation by creative writers and thinkers in the modern languages, and project staff will collaborate with authors, translators and terminologists to enable them to reinvigorate the vocabulary of the modern Gaelic languages, which suffered marginalisation and impoverishment in the 19th century, through active engagement with the earlier language.

Planned Impact

The proposed project will provide a comprehensive view of the Gaelic languages of Ireland and Scotland from the seventh century to the seventeenth. In addition to its contribution to the scholarly study of the medieval language, it will constitute an unparalleled resource for the enrichment and understanding of the modern languages of these two countries.

The key, non-academic beneficiaries of this research will be writers and translators working in Irish and Scottish Gaelic, as well as language planners engaged in the creation of new terminology in the two languages. The general public in the UK, Ireland and overseas, whether they speak Gaelic or not, will also benefit directly and indirectly from the analysis proposed here.

The electronic Dictionary has enormous potential to contribute to the cultural life of the general public, challenge fixed ideas about Gaelic culture and raise the profile of the Gaelic literary and intellectual tradition. It has already proved to be of considerable interest worldwide with nearly 23000 hits on the site daily, over a third of which come from the US and a quarter from the UK and Ireland (see Case for Support fn. 1). The resource will be enhanced in this new project in order to make it more accessible to the general user (see Pathways to Impact). This enhancement will enable all users to trace the rich history of the language and its speakers stretching back over 1500 years. Changes in the vocabulary often point to interaction with neighbouring peoples including Anglo-Saxons, Welsh, Norse, Latin, Anglo-Norman French and English and reflects innovation as well as colonization. Innovations in vocabulary reflect and record changes in social organisation, religion, dress, medicine, education, music, agriculture, economic activity and much more, all of which can shed light on the lives and thoughts of Gaelic-speaking peoples. By communicating a history of the Gaelic world in terms of single words, we hope to convey something of the complexity and diversity of Gaelic cultural heritage to audiences that might expect to find only conservatism and tradition.

The demise of Gaelic aristocracies in the 17th and 18th centuries led to the gradual marginalisation and impoverishment of Gaelic-speaking peoples and their culture in Ireland and Scotland. This was inevitably accompanied by a loss of status for the languages which resulted in stunted growth in the lexicon and eventual decline. The languages now have varying degrees of state recognition in the three jurisdictions in which they remain (Ireland, Northern Ireland and Scotland), and sustained efforts have been made to modernise the languages and create terminology appropriate for modern life. Creative writers, translators and terminologists/lexicographers all have a role to play in the revitalisation of language through its vocabulary and the electronic Dictionary can contribute to this agenda by providing access to the rich storehouse of words that have fallen out of use. Through a collaborative programme we hope to empower writers and language planners to augment the expressiveness of the modern languages through an exploration of the continued relevance of historical terms and so to contribute to the sustainability of the languages in the face of increasing influence of English on the lexicon.

Publications

10 25 50
 
Description This project has conducted research into the vocabulary of the Gaelic language of medieval Ireland and Scotland. Staff on the project have exhaustively analysed over 75 textual editions and many shorter texts to produce new material for the revision of the Dictionary of the Irish Language which is an essential tool for the study of medieval Gaelic language and culture for the period c.700-c.1700 CE. The research has uncovered previous misunderstandings which led to the creation of ghost words, has discovered or produced new or more authoritative definitions of words, and has contributed new knowledge about Irish grammar, as well as uncovering and defining previously unknown words. It resulted in the publication of a significantly revised electronic dictionary in 2019 (www.dil.ie) which includes approximately 4000 new and revised entries.
Exploitation Route As an online dictionary, our findings will be widely used within the academic community working on the language, literature and history of medieval Ireland and Scotland. The opportunity exists for other researchers to develop the analysis of the lexicon in individual studies, and to apply our findings directly to textual studies and new textual editions. The more authoritative entries that we will provide will enable scholars to gain greater insight into the texts that they are studying and be assured that the revised entries incorporate the most recent scholarship in the field. The revised dictionary also ensures that the most recent and authoritative scholarship on the Irish lexicon is available to scholars internationally working on linguistics, Indo-European, comparative religion etc. In addition, the electronic Dictionary has already been used by scholars working on part of speech taggers for medieval Irish and we envision that the additional material provided by this project will be of further assistance to researchers in this area.
Sectors Education,Culture, Heritage, Museums and Collections

URL http://www.dil.ie/
 
Description The project has maintained a dedicated Twitter account (@eDIL_Dictionary) which has 4,236 followers and a Facebook page which has 1,838 followers. A Word of the Week feature highlighted a different word from the dictionary every week over 247 weeks and attracted a large number of followers through Facebook. We developed a concise version of the Dictionary aimed at the general public (www.dil.ie/concise). This version displays only the headword and associated definitions, omitting other material which would be difficult to follow for non-specialists. The Word of the Week is featured on this version as well as a list of suggested searches. Members of the team gave ten lectures and interactive presentations for the general public including as part of the 'Being Human' Festival and Cambridge's 'Festival of Ideas'. Project staff wrote a book of general interest under the title 'A history of Ireland in 100 words' (Dublin 2019) with the aim of examining the history of Ireland from a different perspective than is normally given. The book draws primarily for its material on the contents of the Dictionary. It provides insights into political and economic history, but also into the daily life of people, through the words that people used to describe the world around them. The book was shortlisted for an Irish Book Award (for the Best Irish-published Book of the Year), and was featured as the cover article in the Irish Times Weekend magazine (9 November 2019) and was named as the Irish Times Book of the Day (2 December 2019). Published in November 2019, the book is now in its third print run. Ten entries from the book were selected to be displayed on banners to be displayed by Dublin City Council in prime areas of the capital, including O'Connell Street, during the St Patrick's Day celebrations of 2020. These will be seen by thousands of people daily and some appear along the route of the televised St Patrick's Day parade. An associated Twitter campaign is gathering feedback from the public. An exhibition, comprising extracts and artwork, from the book was launched in March 2020 at Pearse Street Library, Dublin, before moving to the Civic Offices in Wood Quay and will travel to further library locations in the coming months. Several schools' resources have been developed and four workshops for teachers were held to introduce them to teachers: in Cambridge (December 2018); Cork (February and November 2019), and Belfast (August 2019). Feedback from teachers has been very positive, citing the usefulness of the material for classroom-based assessments and transition year projects (within the Republic of Ireland) and for Higher and Extended Project Qualifications in the UK. Schools resources can be accessed at https://www.asnc.cam.ac.uk/schools/index.htm. Four further workshops were held in Dublin in October and November 2019, as part of the History Festival and the Dublin Book Festival, including one directed at school pupils and their teachers (http://www.dublinbookfestival.com/whatwordsreveal/); it had an audience of 90.
First Year Of Impact 2015
Sector Education,Culture, Heritage, Museums and Collections
Impact Types Cultural

 
Description A History of Ireland in a Few Inspirational Words
Amount € 4,850 (EUR)
Organisation Government of Ireland 
Sector Public
Country Ireland
Start 10/2020 
End 03/2021
 
Description Arts and Humanities Impact Fund
Amount £9,600 (GBP)
Organisation University of Cambridge 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2018 
End 09/2019
 
Description Developing a Digital Framework for the Medieval Gaelic World
Amount £24,137 (GBP)
Funding ID AH/V00235X/1 
Organisation Arts & Humanities Research Council (AHRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 08/2020 
End 06/2021
 
Description Research Project Grant
Amount £229,345 (GBP)
Funding ID RPG-2015-089 
Organisation The Leverhulme Trust 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2015 
End 09/2018
 
Description Research Student Development Fund of the University of Cambridge
Amount £5,000 (GBP)
Organisation University of Cambridge 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 08/2016 
End 07/2017
 
Description Defining Medieval Words for Modern Audiences 
Organisation Aberystwyth University
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Sharon Arbuthnot presented a paper 'English in an Irish Dictionary: Thinking about Definitions and Translations in the Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language', as part of a session on 'Defining Medieval Words for Modern Audiences' at the International Medieval Congress, Leeds, 2016. In informal discussion, editorial methods, opportunities for impact and issues of sustainability were raised and experiences shared.
Collaborator Contribution Other papers in the session were presented by Heather Pagan (Anglo-Norman Dictionary) and Patricia Stewart (OED). The session was organised by the OED.
Impact This collaboration was not multi-disciplinary The main outcome was the conference paper 'English in an Irish Dictionary: Thinking about Definitions and Translations in the Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language
Start Year 2016
 
Description Defining Medieval Words for Modern Audiences 
Organisation Oxford University Press
Department Oxford English Dictionary
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Sharon Arbuthnot presented a paper 'English in an Irish Dictionary: Thinking about Definitions and Translations in the Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language', as part of a session on 'Defining Medieval Words for Modern Audiences' at the International Medieval Congress, Leeds, 2016. In informal discussion, editorial methods, opportunities for impact and issues of sustainability were raised and experiences shared.
Collaborator Contribution Other papers in the session were presented by Heather Pagan (Anglo-Norman Dictionary) and Patricia Stewart (OED). The session was organised by the OED.
Impact This collaboration was not multi-disciplinary The main outcome was the conference paper 'English in an Irish Dictionary: Thinking about Definitions and Translations in the Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language
Start Year 2016
 
Description H.M. Chadwick Lecture 
Organisation Oxford University Press
Department Oxford English Dictionary
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution In March 2017, eDIL were involved in the organisation of the H.M. Chadwick Lecture on Lexicography, which was held in the Department of Anglo-Saxon, Norse, and Celtic, University of Cambridge.
Collaborator Contribution The lecture was delivered jointly by Dr Anthony Harvey, Dictionary of Medieval Latin from Celtic Sources, Royal Irish Academy, and Dr Philip Durkin, Oxford English Dictionary, and was entitled 'Spoken Through: How Scholarly Dictionaries mediate the Past'.
Impact This event attracted around 80 attendees, drawn mainly from the staff and student bodies of the University of Cambridge. It helped build on previous collaborations with both speakers such as the sessions presented at the Irish Conference of Medievalists (2015) and the International Congress of Medievalists (2016). The lecture itself will be published as part of ASNC Departmental Chadwick Lecture series in March 2018.
Start Year 2017
 
Description H.M. Chadwick Lecture 
Organisation Royal Irish Academy (RIA)
Country Ireland 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution In March 2017, eDIL were involved in the organisation of the H.M. Chadwick Lecture on Lexicography, which was held in the Department of Anglo-Saxon, Norse, and Celtic, University of Cambridge.
Collaborator Contribution The lecture was delivered jointly by Dr Anthony Harvey, Dictionary of Medieval Latin from Celtic Sources, Royal Irish Academy, and Dr Philip Durkin, Oxford English Dictionary, and was entitled 'Spoken Through: How Scholarly Dictionaries mediate the Past'.
Impact This event attracted around 80 attendees, drawn mainly from the staff and student bodies of the University of Cambridge. It helped build on previous collaborations with both speakers such as the sessions presented at the Irish Conference of Medievalists (2015) and the International Congress of Medievalists (2016). The lecture itself will be published as part of ASNC Departmental Chadwick Lecture series in March 2018.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Lexicography and Loanwords in Britain and Ireland 
Organisation Aberystwyth University
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Sharon Arbuthnot presented a paper entitled '''Bastard' but not 'Contract': Towards a Policy for Admitting Loanwords into the Dictionary of the Irish Language' as part of a session on 'Lexicography and Loanwords in Britain and Ireland' at the 25th International Medieval Congress, Leeds. Professor Máire Ní Mhaonaigh chair the session.
Collaborator Contribution Other papers in the sessions were presented by Dr Richard Dance, PI of the GERSUM Project which is based at the University of Cambridge and is investigating the Scandinavian influence of English vocabulary, and Dr Heather Pagan, of the Dictionary of Anglo-Norman, University of Aberystwyth.
Impact Collaborations with both the GERSUM project and the Dictionary of Anglo-Norman have continued. Máire Ní Mhaonaigh and Richard Dance co-organised an event in association with the Festival of Ideas, University of Cambridge, in October 2017 (see under Engagement Activities). Also, Sharon Arbuthnot and Heather Pagan are currently preparing an application for a Research Networking grant with the aim of holding a series of workshops involving a broader group of lexicographical projects based in Ireland and the United Kingdom.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Lexicography and Loanwords in Britain and Ireland 
Organisation University of Cambridge
Department Department of Anglo-Saxon, Norse and Celtic
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Sharon Arbuthnot presented a paper entitled '''Bastard' but not 'Contract': Towards a Policy for Admitting Loanwords into the Dictionary of the Irish Language' as part of a session on 'Lexicography and Loanwords in Britain and Ireland' at the 25th International Medieval Congress, Leeds. Professor Máire Ní Mhaonaigh chair the session.
Collaborator Contribution Other papers in the sessions were presented by Dr Richard Dance, PI of the GERSUM Project which is based at the University of Cambridge and is investigating the Scandinavian influence of English vocabulary, and Dr Heather Pagan, of the Dictionary of Anglo-Norman, University of Aberystwyth.
Impact Collaborations with both the GERSUM project and the Dictionary of Anglo-Norman have continued. Máire Ní Mhaonaigh and Richard Dance co-organised an event in association with the Festival of Ideas, University of Cambridge, in October 2017 (see under Engagement Activities). Also, Sharon Arbuthnot and Heather Pagan are currently preparing an application for a Research Networking grant with the aim of holding a series of workshops involving a broader group of lexicographical projects based in Ireland and the United Kingdom.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Projects in Celtic Lexicography 
Organisation Aberystwyth University
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Projects in Celtic Lexicography is an ongoing collaboration between the Dictionary of Medieval Latin from Celtic Sources (DMLCS), the Digital Archive of Scottish Gaelic (DASG), Faclair na Gàidhlig/the Historical Dictionary of Scottish Gaelic, Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru/ Dictionary of the Welsh Language and eDIL. The purpose is to share information on best practice and funding opportunities, to offer a platform for disseminating information on progress and to work together in raising awareness of the lexicographical work being carried out on Celtic languages. The eDIL team maintains a strong presence within the group and is keen to participate in external events. sharing best practices, funding possibilities,
Collaborator Contribution Partners have been instrumental in extending the range of projects involved in the collaboration, arranging opportunities for eDIL to present papers at seminars and conference, organising workshops at which plans and practices of other members have been shared, and providing advice and support when called upon. Opportunities which have arisen through this collaboration are listed below
Impact Participation in a session entitled 'Projects in Celtic Lexicography'at the 29th Irish Conference of Medievalists, University College, Dublin (2016) Presentation at Ceardlann um Dhigitiú, Royal Irish Academy, Dublin (2016) Participation in Workshop on Use of Unpublished Manuscript Materials in Dictionaries, hosted by Faclair na Gàidhlig (2015) The collaboration is not multi-disciplinary Participation in Technical Workshop, hosted by Faclair na Gàidhlig (2015)
Start Year 2015
 
Description Projects in Celtic Lexicography 
Organisation Royal Irish Academy (RIA)
Country Ireland 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Projects in Celtic Lexicography is an ongoing collaboration between the Dictionary of Medieval Latin from Celtic Sources (DMLCS), the Digital Archive of Scottish Gaelic (DASG), Faclair na Gàidhlig/the Historical Dictionary of Scottish Gaelic, Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru/ Dictionary of the Welsh Language and eDIL. The purpose is to share information on best practice and funding opportunities, to offer a platform for disseminating information on progress and to work together in raising awareness of the lexicographical work being carried out on Celtic languages. The eDIL team maintains a strong presence within the group and is keen to participate in external events. sharing best practices, funding possibilities,
Collaborator Contribution Partners have been instrumental in extending the range of projects involved in the collaboration, arranging opportunities for eDIL to present papers at seminars and conference, organising workshops at which plans and practices of other members have been shared, and providing advice and support when called upon. Opportunities which have arisen through this collaboration are listed below
Impact Participation in a session entitled 'Projects in Celtic Lexicography'at the 29th Irish Conference of Medievalists, University College, Dublin (2016) Presentation at Ceardlann um Dhigitiú, Royal Irish Academy, Dublin (2016) Participation in Workshop on Use of Unpublished Manuscript Materials in Dictionaries, hosted by Faclair na Gàidhlig (2015) The collaboration is not multi-disciplinary Participation in Technical Workshop, hosted by Faclair na Gàidhlig (2015)
Start Year 2015
 
Description Projects in Celtic Lexicography 
Organisation University of Glasgow
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Projects in Celtic Lexicography is an ongoing collaboration between the Dictionary of Medieval Latin from Celtic Sources (DMLCS), the Digital Archive of Scottish Gaelic (DASG), Faclair na Gàidhlig/the Historical Dictionary of Scottish Gaelic, Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru/ Dictionary of the Welsh Language and eDIL. The purpose is to share information on best practice and funding opportunities, to offer a platform for disseminating information on progress and to work together in raising awareness of the lexicographical work being carried out on Celtic languages. The eDIL team maintains a strong presence within the group and is keen to participate in external events. sharing best practices, funding possibilities,
Collaborator Contribution Partners have been instrumental in extending the range of projects involved in the collaboration, arranging opportunities for eDIL to present papers at seminars and conference, organising workshops at which plans and practices of other members have been shared, and providing advice and support when called upon. Opportunities which have arisen through this collaboration are listed below
Impact Participation in a session entitled 'Projects in Celtic Lexicography'at the 29th Irish Conference of Medievalists, University College, Dublin (2016) Presentation at Ceardlann um Dhigitiú, Royal Irish Academy, Dublin (2016) Participation in Workshop on Use of Unpublished Manuscript Materials in Dictionaries, hosted by Faclair na Gàidhlig (2015) The collaboration is not multi-disciplinary Participation in Technical Workshop, hosted by Faclair na Gàidhlig (2015)
Start Year 2015
 
Description A Guide to Using eDIL for Manuscript-based Research 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Professor Máire Ní Mhaonaigh spoke at 'Palaeography and Manuscript-based Research', an intensive postgraduate workshop held annually at University College, Cork. A major component of the talk was explaining how the wildcard and grammatical search functions of eDIL can be used to suggest candidates where manuscripts readings are uncertain. The event was well-attended and the benefits of using these functions of eDIL to improve further editions of medieval Irish texts were clearly taken onboard.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.ucc.ie/en/smg/postgrad/
 
Description Atlas Obscura 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact In this article, Dr Artbuthnot describes the lost words that have been entered into the revised electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.atlasobscura.com/articles/medieval-irish-dictionary-updated
 
Description BBC NI website 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Interview with Greg Toner and Máire Ní Mhaonaigh following launch of the Dictionary.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-northern-ireland-49579940
 
Description Banners in Dublin streets 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact A set of 10 bilingual banners were displayed by Dublin City Council on lamp posts at prominent locations in Dublin in the build up to St Patrick's week celebrations, including on O'Connell Street (outside the GPO), Pearse Street and Merrion Square (home to Government buildings, the National Gallery and the Natural History Museum). Each banner contains an illustration from A History of Ireland in 100 Words, a key word, and a short teaser. The banners attracted media attention and were picked up, for example, by the Irish Independent.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.ria.ie/history-ireland-100-words-lamp-post-banner-campaign
 
Description Blas interview 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Interview with Professor Greg Toner on BBC Radio Ulster's Blas (Irish-language programme), broadcast 10 March 2020.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Celtic Knot Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Dr Sharon Arbuthnot presented an interactive session at Celtic Knot Conference, the first Wikipedia Language conference organised in collaboration between the University of Edinburgh and Wikimedia UK. The aim of the conference was to showcase innovative approaches to open education, open knowledge and open data and the eDIL session included an introduction to the project and the efforts being made to engage with individuals and groups outside the academic community. The event had a capacity of 25 and all places were quickly booked in advance. Participants included those working with Wikimedia and other online resources worldwide, as well as a number of Irish and Gaelic language students and members of the wider public. Useful discussion followed, focussing on impact strategies and ways of strengthening the project's online presence.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://wikimedia.org.uk/wiki/Celtic_Knot_Conference_2017
 
Description Cover story 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Our work featured as the cover story in the Irish Times weekend magazine. A three-page article featured examples from the book, A History of Ireland in 100 Words.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.irishtimes.com/culture/books/b%C3%A9arla-punt-fliuch-a-history-of-ireland-in-10-little-w...
 
Description Demonstration of the new eDIL website, University of Cambridge 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Demonstration of the new eDIL website at an event hosted by the Department of Anglo-Saxon, Norse and Celtic, University of Cambridge, with the intention of raising awareness of the resource and highlighting eDIL's usefulness to other academic disciplines. Feedback on the day and subsequently though eDIL's social media sites, as well as website data collected since the event, showed demonstrable widening of the user-base.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Exhibition 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact This is an exhibition based on A History of Ireland in 100 Words. It was launched 4 March 2020 in Pearse Street Library, Dublin, before moving to Wood Quay (Civic Offices). It features 10 display panels based on entries in the book, together with illustrations by the artist Joe McLaren, as well as introductory material on the book.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.ria.ie/history-ireland-100-words-touring-exhibition
 
Description Festival of Ideas 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact In October 2017, Professor Máire Ní Mhaonaigh, along with Dr Richard Dance of the GERSUM Project, presented an event entitled 'True Relatives and False Friends: Understanding Old Words and their Meanings', at the University of Cambridge, Festival of Ideas. The stated aim of the festival is to encourage the public to explore the arts, humanities and social sciences, meet academics, and engage via a thought-provoking and creative series of free events'. The event in question followed a quiz-format in part and was intended to introduce participants to the concepts of loanwords and of languages in contact and to give them a framework within which to think about their own language. Feedback was extremely positive and the prospect of hosting similar events in the future has been raised.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.festivalofideas.cam.ac.uk/events/true-relatives-and-false-friends-understanding-old-word...
 
Description Fiontar presentation 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact In October 2017, Professor Máire Ní Mhaonaigh addressed an audience made up of staff and students from the Fiontar unit at Dublin City University. Those in attendance were mainly working in or studying for qualifications in Modern Irish translation. The intention was to highlight the potential of eDIL as a resource in which vocabulary can be located and revived to meet the demands of modern language. By the end, there was an obvious willingness to consult eDIL in the future and enthusiasm for the idea for reviving native words and phrases as opposed to coining new terminology.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Interactive quiz-based presentation, 'Words You Didn't Know You Needed' 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Dr Sharon Arbuthnot and Prof. Gregory Toner presented an interactive quiz-based event, entitled 'Words You Didn't Know You Needed', as part of the Being Human Festival of the Humanities, organised by the School of Advanced Studies, University of London, the British Academy and the AHRC. The event was held in Belfast and was well-publicised in advance in the local newspapers and on radio. An enthusiastic audience participated in the interactive poll and feedback was extremely positive, many audience-members expressing an interest in learning more about both medieval and modern Irish.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://beinghumanfestival.org/event/words-you-didnt-know-you-needed/
 
Description Interactive quiz-based presentation, Festival of Ideas, University of Cambridge 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Professor Máire Ní Mhaonaigh, along with Dr Richard Dance of the AHRC-funded GERSUM Project, presented an event entitled 'The Long and the Short of it: Words and Their Extremities in the Languages of Early Medieval Britain and Ireland', at the University of Cambridge, Festival of Ideas. The stated aim of the festival is to 'encourage the public to explore the arts, humanities and social sciences, meet academics, and engage via a thought-provoking and creative series of free events'. The event was lively, well-attended and generated a good deal of follow-up discussion in person and on social media.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.festivalofideas.cam.ac.uk
 
Description Interview with the Irish News 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Prof. Toner (PI of the eDIL Project) was interviewed by the Irish News in April 2014. He drew attention to the academic aims of the project, some interesting finds, and hopes that the Dictionary might be more widely used for the enrichment of modern Irish. The link to the online version of the interview was circulated widely on social media and generated a good deal of positive comment.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.irishnews.com//old-words-make-comeback-as-iris/
 
Description Interview, BBC Radio 3, 'Free Thinking: Lost Words and Language' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Dr Sharon Arbuthnot took part in an invited interview as part of the BBC3 weekly series 'Free Thinking'. The half-hour segment was conducted together with Dr Rhona Alcorn (Scottish Language Dictionaries) and explored issues such as the purpose and importance of dictionaries, how general users can access historical dictionaries, and the work being done to update, expand and maintain these resources. The interview raised the profile of the eDIL project as was shown by an increase in personal correspondence, especially from members of the public based in mainland Europe and in the US, and an increase in social media activity (for the week in question, the project Facebook page attracted almost four times the average number of new followers in a week, while the Twitter feed attracted twice as many new followers as usual).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/m00013xg
 
Description Irish News interview with Toner 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact An interview with Prof. Greg Toner following the publication of the Concise electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Launch and demonstration of new eDIL website, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Demonstration of the search facilities of the new eDIL website to scholars, students and general public with the intention of raising awareness of the resource and highlighting its usefulness in particular to representatives of other academic disciplines (such as history, archaeology, cultural studies) and to modern language planners and translators (who might locate and revitalise obsolete terminology). Feedback on the day and subsequently though eDIL's social media sites, as well as website data collected since the event, showed demonstrable widening of the user-base.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Life in Early Medieval Ireland 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Sharon Arbuthnot, Máire Ní Mhaonaigh, with Aidan O'Sullivan, University College Dublin and UCD colleagues, 'Life in Early Medieval Ireland the Craft of Archaeology and the Power of Words', University of Cambridge, Science Festival,
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.sciencefestival.cam.ac.uk/events/everyday-life-medieval-ireland-craft-archaeology-and-po...
 
Description Manuscript Workshop, University College Cork 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Dr Marie-Luise Theuerkauf led a session entitled 'From Manuscript to Dictionary: How to Use eDIL for Manuscript Research' as part of larger workshop on manuscript study and scholarly editing. The event was attended by c. 20 postgraduate students, mostly from University College Cork. As the information was felt to be of relevance to students and academics more generally, Dr Theuerkauf was invited to return later in the year to present to a wider audience that would include e.g. historians and archaeologists (see separate entry).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Motherfoclóir 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact In this popular podcast, Dr Sharon Arbuthnot is interviewed about the History of Ireland in 100 Words. She talks about the writing process and life in early Ireland.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.headstuff.org/motherfocloir/113-word-up-a-history-of-ireland-in-100-words-with-dr-sharon...
 
Description Nasc sanasaíochta (Irish Times) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Review article on History of Ireland in 100 words, in Irish Times, Nov 4, 2019.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.irishtimes.com/culture/tuarasc%C3%A1il/nasc-sanasa%C3%ADochta-le-stair-na-h%C3%A9ireann-...
 
Description Online blog, 'Modern Words from Medieval Ireland' 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact A blog by Dr Sharon Arbuthnot, entitled 'Modern Words from Medieval Ireland', was published on the website of the Being Human Festival of the Humanities. The aim was to draw attention to the event taking place in Belfast (see separate entry) but the blog was used as an opportunity to outline the work of the project, to showcase some of the amusing and informative entries in the dictionary and to present also some medieval words that could be revived for use in Modern Irish. The blog was circulated widely and there was increased interest in the project's social media platforms (for the week in question, the project Facebook page attracted almost four times the average number of new followers in a week, while the Twitter feed attracted twice as many new followers as usual). Dr Arbuthnot also received a significant amount of personal correspondence asking for advice on searching the dictionary and on the meanings and uses of particular items of vocabulary.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://beinghumanfestival.org
 
Description Participation in Technical Workshop, hosted by Faclair na Gàidhlig 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Knowledge- and experience-sharing workshop intended to assist the team behind Faclair na Gàidhlig (the Historical Dictionary of Scottish Gaelic) establish best practice for a digital dictionary. Having developed and subsequently revised a search engine and website, eDIL had a major contribution to make and has maintained close links with Faclair na Gàidhlig and a number of other dictionary projects.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Participation in Workshop on Use of Unpublished Manuscript Materials in Dictionaries, hosted by Faclair na Gàidhlig 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Contributed expert opinion at a workshop hosted by Faclair na Gàidhlig (the Historical Dictionary for Scottish Gaelic) on the selection and treatment of unpublished manuscript materials in the creation of a dictionary. This reinforced eDIL's links to related dictionary projects and paved the way for future collaboration. Points raised also served to inform future eDIL policy.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Pearse Street roundtable 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Round table discussion on History of Ireland in 100 Words with Prof. Greg Toner and Prof. Máire Ní Mhaonaigh, chaired by Prof. Alan Titley, held in Pearse Street Library, Dublin, 4 March 2020.The talk covered a wide range of topics dealing with life in medieval Ireland and coincided with the launch of an exhibition arising out of the volume, A History of Ireland in 100 Words.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Presentation at Ceardlann um Dhigitiú, Royal Irish Academy, Dublin 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Participation in day of presentations and workshops on current digitization projects related to Irish and Scottish Gaelic. The event included also contributions from other dictionary/corpus linguistics project such as Foclóir na Nua-Ghaeilge, Faclair na Gàidhlig, Dachaigh airson Stòras na Gàidhlig (DASG), and teanglann.ie/foclóir.ie. Insights into issues, practices and strategies were exchanged and networks reinforced.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Presentation to An Coiste Téarmaíochta (Irish-Language Teminology Committee) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact An interactive session which formed part of an official meeting of the Irish-language terminology committee intended to encourage the body to consult eDIL when drafting new vocabulary and to consider the dictionary as a storehouse of words and phrases suitable for the revitalisation and enrichment of the modern Irish language. The committee expressed willingness not only to refer to eDIL when responding to requests for new terminology but also to collaborate further with the eDIL Project team.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Presentation, 'Revised eDIL', University College Cork 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Dr Marie-Luise Theurerkauf delivered an informal presentation on how eDIL could be searched effectively for material to use in research, in teaching and in activities aimed at non-academic audiences. The event was attended mainly by postgraduate students and staff representing a number of different disciplines within the university and there was lengthy discussion afterwards, exploring the opportunities for scholars who are not specialists in Irish.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Presentation, Cambridge Irish Studies Group 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Prof. Máire Ní Mhaonaigh and Dr Sharon Arbuthnot gave a presentation on 'Text-speak and French Turkeys: Exploring Ireland's History Through Some Early Irish Words'. The material was drawn mainly from the general-interest book (provisionally entitled 'A History of Ireland in 100 Words'), written by members of the eDIL team, which will be published by the Royal Irish Academy in 2019. The presentation was extremely well-attended and followed by an extended, engaged discussion and lively 'buzz' on social media. New contacts were made with scholars working on related digital projects and these will be drawn upon in the preparation of resource packages for schools on which the eDIL team is currently working (see separate entry).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Presentation, Tionól, Dublin Institute of Advanced Studies 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Prof. Greg Toner and Prof. Máire Ní Mhaonaigh talked through some of the changes that would be made to the dictionary in the 2019 update, drawing particular attention to new entries, corrections and deletions, but highlighting also improvements in the search facilities of the website. The period for discussion was used mainly to reflect on the impact that the digitisation and subsequent expansion and emendation of the dictionary content had had on the discipline of Irish Studies and more generally.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Press announcement, RTÉ website 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact To coincide with the television interview conducted with Prof. Gregory Toner (see separate entry), an announcement about the release of the Concise edition of the dictionary appeared on the website of Ireland's national television and radio broadcaster RTÉ. Over the course of that weekend, numbers of unique visitors to the eDIL website rose by around one third and posts on social media indicated that first-time users were exploring the site.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.rte.ie/news/nuacht/2019/0301/1033753-focloir-nua-mean-ghaeilge-agus-sean-ghaeilge-ar-fai...
 
Description Pupils (Dublin) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Sharon Arbuthnot and Máire Ní Mhaonaigh, 'French Turkeys and Roof-holes, What Words Reveal: Medieval Ireland and the Outside World, Dublin Book Festival for Schools event, Royal Irish Academy, Dublin, 15 November 2019. They presented a range of words and concepts both borrowed into and from Irish to school pupils raising their awareness of Ireland's extended and intense contacts with neighbouring countries and beyond.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.ria.ie/french-turkeys-and-roof-holes-what-words-reveal-medieval-ireland-and-outside-worl...
 
Description RTE Brainstorm 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Article by Sharon Arbuthnot for RTE's online platform, Brainstorm, showcasing some of the findings of the project and highlighting the publication of A History of Ireland in 100 Words.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.rte.ie/brainstorm/2019/1021/1084677-whiskey-dancing-insults-the-history-of-ireland-in-10...
 
Description Raidio na Gaeltachta interview 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Interview with Prof. Máire Ní Mhaonaigh in anticipation of the launch of the travelling exhibition associated with the volume A History of Ireland in 100 Words. Medieval words which still have resonance in the modern world were discussed, including 'taoiseach', as well as the many words for washing in Early Irish.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Raidio na Life interview 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Interview with Prof. Máire Ní Mhaonaigh and Prof. Greg Toner about the book, History of Ireland in 100 Words, and associated exhibition and Dublin banner campaign.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Sean O'Rourke interview 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Appearance by Sharon Arbuthnot on Sean O'Rourke show talking about History of Ireland in 100 Words. 12 minute slot on RTE Radio 1 in their peak-time news/opinion slot.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Sunday Times on Dictionary launch 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Sunday Times coverage of launch of new edition of the Dictionary including discussion of Latin origins of the word leprechan. Half page article on 8/9/2019.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description TV interview, Nuacht, TG4 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Professor Gregory Toner was interviewed for the Irish-language television programme Nuacht to publicise the release of the Concise edition of the dictionary (which contains only headwords and definitions) and drive interested members of the Irish-speaking general public to the website. On the weekend of the broadcast, numbers of unique visitors to the eDIL website rose by around one third and posts on social media indicated that first-time users were exploring the site.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://tg4.ie/ga/player/baile/?pid=6009009675001&teideal=Nuacht%20TG4&series=Nuacht%20TG4&dlft=35
 
Description Teachers workshop (Belfast) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact 'Researching Heritage in the Classroom', Workshop for Teachers, Belfast, 29th August. Demonstration of classroom materials to teachers and evaluation activity.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Teachers workshop, Cork 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Máire Ní Mhaonaigh, Workshop for Teachers, introducing classroom resources, University College Cork, 23 November 2019; part of a series of workshops introducing materials on early Ireland to school teachers in Ireland.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Teachers' Workshop, University College Cork 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Secondary-school teachers of Irish and/or History attended the workshop, which was run by Prof. Máire Ní Mhaonaigh and Dr Rebecca Shercliff of the University of Cambridge, and
Dr Caitríona Ó Dochartaigh of University College Cork. The purpose was to present resources which had already been designed for use in English schools, and to receive feedback from teachers as to how to adapt these for the Irish school system, as well as gathering ideas for further resources to develop. The teachers' feedback highlighted concerns around a lack of material for Transition-year projects, and especially material in Irish for Irish-language teaching. The pre-existing resources relating to Vikings and to medieval manuscripts were particularly well-received by the teachers and will now be translated into Irish by UCC, to be trialled by our group of teachers in the coming months, after which further feedback will be sought. The next resources to be developed will focus on place-names and local heritage, another key area of interest to arise from the discussion. The day successfully resulted in all teachers agreeing to remain involved.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Words and Archaeology (Dublin) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Sharon Arbuthnot and Máire Ní Mhaonaigh, with Aidan O'Sullivan, Brendan O'Neill, Maeve L'Estrange and Dolores Kearney (University College Dublin Archaeology), presented a general, illustrated talk entitled 'Words, Images, and Everyday Objects', as part of History Festival, Royal Irish Academy, 17 October 2019. Drawing on a combination of archaeological and textual evidence, they explored such topics as house-types, furniture, washing, food and textiles with an audience make up of members of the general public.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.ria.ie/words-images-and-everyday-objects-connecting-past
 
Description Workshop for Societas Celtologica Nordica 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact In September 2017, Professor Máire Ní Mhaonaigh ran a workshop entitled 'Getting the Most out of eDIL' at the 16th International Symposium of Societas Celtologica Nordica, The Arctic University of Norway. The aim was to introduce eDIL as a resource and demonstrate the potential of the search functions of the electronic dictionary to those working in Celtic Studies and in related academic fields. Questions were relevant and showed that the eDIL website was already being extensively used. There were also some suggestions regarding search functions which users would like to see introduced in the future.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Writing the Script, Dublin 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Sharon Arbuthnot, Máire Ní Mhaonaigh and Timothy O'Neill, 'Writing the Script: Letters and Literacy in Medieval Ireland', workshop, Royal Irish Academy, Dublin organised by Dublin Book Festival, 15 November 2019 (also offered as part of the History Festival, October 2019). The development of writing and the technology associated with it and book production were explored from ogam inscriptions (fourth century) to modern text-speak in Irish which draws on manuscript abbreviations.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Wuffing Study Day 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Máire Ní Mhaonaigh, 'Medieval Ireland: Story and History, Wuffing Education Study Day, Sutton Hoo, 16 March 2019. A series of four interrelated lectures drawing on words and texts from medieval Ireland to illustrate different aspects of medieval Irish culture and society.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://wuffingeducation.co.uk/information/events/2019a/ireland/?doing_wp_cron=1583858999.5797901153...
 
Description article published on the website of the Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact In response to a request from the Arts and Humanities Research Council, Professor Máire Ní Mhaonaigh, CI of the 'Text and Meaning' project, contributed a piece entitled 'The Unsilent Saint: St Patrick and the Irish Language'. This was published in the Research section of the AHRC website, highlighting the work of the project, and appeared simultaneously on the websites of St John's College, Cambridge, the Department of Anglo-Saxon, Norse and Celtic, University of Cambridge, and the School of Arts, English and Languages, Queen's University Belfast. Links posted on the Facebook and Twitter accounts were widely shared and ensuing discussing clearly raised the profile of the project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.ahrc.ac.uk/research/readwatchlisten/features/the-unsilent-saint-st-patrick-and-the-irish-...
 
Description eDIL Twitter account and Facebook page 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Since July 2015, the project has maintained a dedicated Twitter account and Facebook page. The Facebook page features 'Word of the Week', regular updates on progress and events relating to the eDIL project and other relevant posts. The Twitter account is updated daily and, in addition to 'Word of the Week' and other news, highlights topical, amusing and informative words, quotes and usages from within the existing dictionary and newly found. As of March 2019, the Twitter account has 2,985 followers and the Facebook page has 1,580. Only a small proportion of our followers are currently working in academia; as far as can be established, most followers are members of the general public, often with Irish or Scottish ancestry. Geographically, the greater part is based in Western Europe, the United States and Canada, but Russia, China and South America are also well-represented. There is a high level of interaction, especially on the Twitter account, and obvious interest in both the language itself and in the project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015,2016,2017,2018
URL https://twitter.com
 
Description eDIL Workshop for historians and archaeologists 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Professor Gregory Toner offered a workshop at the 30th Irish Conference of Medievalists targeted specifically at historians and archaeologists. The aim was to encourage scholars in these disciplines to use the dictionary, employing English search-terms, to enhance their understanding of material culture, social practices, political organisation and so on. Although the audience was smaller than envisaged, those who attended were receptive to the idea of exploring this category evidence.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://www.maynoothuniversity.ie/news-events/icm-2016-30th-irish-conference-medievalists
 
Description journal.ie article 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Article in journal.ie on 'What does old Irish tell us about life in ancient Ireland?', containing a selection of unusual words from the Dictionary.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.thejournal.ie/readme/the-irish-for-what-does-old-irish-tell-us-about-ancient-ireland-450...