Becoming Coolies: Rethinking the Origins of the Indian Labour Diaspora, 1772-1920.

Lead Research Organisation: University of Edinburgh
Department Name: Sch of History, Classics and Archaeology

Abstract

Between the 1830s and 1920s over 1.3 million Indians migrated as indentured labourers to locations across the world. Criticised both at the time and since as a 'new system of slavery', this 'first wave' of Indian labour migration has been negatively portrayed as the cynical exploitation of a passive Indian labour force. Those who migrated have been presented as the victims of colonial coercion and dupes of unscrupulous middle men, who exhibited no role in the decision making process, and no influence over their individual or collective outcomes. As a result nineteenth-century Indian labour mobility has often been regarded as qualitatively different to, and disconnected from, a 'second wave' of voluntary, skilled Indian migration, beginning in the 1950s, which is often regarded as the 'legitimate' root of the modern day Indian Diaspora. This project sets out to dispute such assumptions by seeking to understand nineteenth-century indentured labour migration around the Indian Ocean in the context of a longer and more diverse history of Indian labour mobility. By situating indentured labour alongside the contemporaneous migrations of soldiers, slaves and service providers from the Indian subcontinent, it will explore the extent to which existing networks, connections and communities helped to shape the processes and experiences of indenture. Drawing upon previously misinterpreted or under-utilised resources in India, Britain, France, Mauritius, Réunion, Sri Lanka and South Africa - including the personal correspondence of migrants themselves - it will assess the degree to which indentured labourers were able to make conscious and informed decisions about if, when and where to migrate. It will also explore the ways in which migrant labourers in the Indian Ocean were able to improve their status and renegotiate real or imposed identities by moving between different categories of labour, and how far they could utilise kinship and other networks to take control of the souces of labour supply. Convict indents, emigration certificates, ship registers and migrants' letters will be used to suggest a broader and more varied movement of Indians overseas than has hitherto been realised. By tracing the vitally important continuities and interconnections between different forms of labour migration, and placing migrant agency, experiences and outcomes at the centre of the analysis, this project will explore the processes of migration in a way that goes beyond the reproduction of conventional colonial and nationalist tropes of indentured victimhood, exploitation and abuse. Instead it will offer a new approach to the migrant experience that seeks to understand the impetuses and consequences of migration from a subaltern perspective, opening up possibilities for radically reinterpreting the nature and importance of migrant agency in the early formation of the Indian Diaspora.

Planned Impact

In rethinking the nature and origins of nineteenth-century Indian labour migration, the proposed research will be of interest to a range of non-academic users, such as: public history organisations interested in labour, migration, and globalisation; communities and interest groups concerned with the 'roots' of the modern Indian diaspora; and individuals tracing personal family histories. The project team will both build on existing connections with relevant communities, groups and institutions, and develop new links during the course of the project to bring their findings to a wide audience outside academia. They will be supported in this by a the Centre for South Asian Studies Scotland (http://www.csas.ed.ac.uk), the Edinburgh India Institute (http://www.edinburgh-india-institute.ed.ac.uk), and the University of Leeds' Arts Engaged programme, (http://www.leeds.ac.uk/arts/homepage/343/impact_and_innovation).

Collaboration will be a key element of the dissemination and impact strategy, and will include public events (lectures/workshops), and the provision of informational materials (pamphlets, work sheets, display materials). A number of key partners have already been identified, including the National Library of Scotland, the Wilberforce Institute for the Study of Slavery and Emancipation (WISE, Hull) and Wilberforce House Museum, the Bernie Grant Arts Centre and Marcus Garvey Library (London). Discussions with local and national history societies will form an important ongoing part of the research process and will shape the nature of the impact activities undertaken. These will include the Thoresby Society (Leeds); The Raphael Samuel History Centre (London), the British Black and Asian Studies Association (BASA, London), Wilberforce Institute for the Study of Slavery and Emancipation (WISE, Hull), Black History Month and the Historical Association.

The project's main non-academic output will be a public facing website hosting a range of resources. As well as a blog providing regular project updates, there will be primary sources, images, maps, contextual material, short articles, bibliographies, useful links and section specifically aimed at schools. The latter will contain 'discussion packs' suitable for use in a classroom setting, and ideas and guidance for micro-research projects.

An online database of names of labour migrants in the Indian Ocean will also be created. This will be suitable for use in genealogic research and will be publicised through specific Indian Ocean genealogical web groups such as 'Imaugen. Cercle de Généalogie Maurice-Rodrigues' (bilingual, English/French) and 'GenBourbon. Cercle Généalogique de Bourbon' (French), as well as by contributions to relevant threads and lists on websites such as www.ancestry.com.

The project will target particular media outlets relating to Diaspora Indians, such as Sunrise radio station and Mauritius Now radio, and newspapers such as Mauritius Now and Mauritius News, with whom Carter has established connections. Publicity for the project will be sought through the non-academic press, including the Sunday supplements of major newspapers, Times Higher Education Supplement, Times Literary Supplement, BBC History Magazine, History Today etc.

Given the resonances between this project and current debates about child labour, migrant labour contracts (e.g. in the Gulf) and people-trafficking, especially with regard to issues such as participation, agency and opportunity, the project's findings may also be relevant to public, NGO and governmental policy. Articles on www.historyandpolicy.org, and dialogue with organisations such as Human Rights Watch, Amnesty International and Anti-Slavery.org will explore this possibility.

Publications

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Andrea Major (2017) Introduction in South Asian Studies

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Ashutosh Kumar (2017) South African Indian Diaspora

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Ashutosh Kumar (2017) Bhartiya Rashtravad Banam Girmit Pratha in Pratiman

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Carter M (2017) Pulled through Time: Art and the Indian Labour Migrant in South Asian Studies

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Carter M (2017) Towards a workers' history of the Chagos archipelago in Journal of the Indian Ocean Region

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Crispin Bates (2017) La grande peur des cipayes

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Crispin Bates (2017) Migration in the time of empire in Open Democracy

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Kumar A (2016) Feeding the Girmitiya: Food and Drink on Indentured Ships to the Sugar Colonies in Gastronomica: The Journal of Critical Food Studies

 
Title 100 years of Indentured Migration 
Description An exhibition curated by PDRA Dr. Ashutosh Kumar at the Nehru Memorial Museum and Library New Delhi in March 2017. The exhibition described the history of Indian indentured labour migration across the globe, with illustrations and photographic reproductions. 
Type Of Art Artistic/Creative Exhibition 
Year Produced 2017 
Impact The exhibition was viewed by approximately 200 visitors and both the exhibition and associated conference were reported in the Newsletter of the NML and Indians newspapers. See http://indianexpress.com/article/research/indenture-system-ended-a-century-ago-but-indians-still-face-racism-in-british-colonies-4596378/ Visitors to the exhibition included civil servants, journalists, postgraduates, academics, schoolteachers and members of the general public. Footage from the conference was uploaded to Youtube and was also broadcast on Rajya TV. 
URL http://www.coolitude.shca.ed.ac.uk/news/coverage-becoming-coolies-associated-conference-nehru-memori...
 
Title Cool!tude by Danny Flynn 
Description An exhibition of screen prints featuring evocative re-renderings of nineteenth century migrant portraits taken by colonial officials. The photographs were taken from PDRA Marina Carter's research on Mauritius immigration registers and the exhibition was informed by her writings on this theme. 
Type Of Art Artwork 
Year Produced 2015 
Impact The screen prints were exhibited on in parallel with academic conferences held in UK (Leeds and Edinburgh) and India (Centre for the Study of Developing Societies, New Delhi, Marc 2016) and also at entirely public venues such as the G511ERY in Tottenham, London (October 2015). The prints generated considerable surprise and discussion amongst visitors, most of whom were previously unaware of the history of Indian indentured labour migration in the colonial era. An essay ('Pulled through Time: Art and the Indian Labour Migrant') describing how the artwork was conceived and created was published by Marina Carter and Danny Flynn in the journal South Asian Studies, volume 33, 2017 - issue 1. Issue 28 of UNCERTAIN STATES, a lens-based artist collective discussing and promoting photography, also published an article entitled 'Distant Gazes' featuring the impact activities of the 'Becoming Coolies' research team, authored by Professor Reza Tavakol. This was inspired by Flynn's screen prints exhibited in G511ERY. Reza's article reproduces some of the historical photographs of Indian migrants to Mauritius, derived from the research of PDRA Marina Carter. The newspaper is distributed free of charge at Turner Contemporary, Margate, Tate Britain Reading Room and V & A London, Baltic Newcastle, Ikon Birmingham, Open Eye Liverpool and numerous other art galleries and museums around the UK. 
URL https://g511ery.co.uk/pages/coolitude
 
Title Great Little Man - Coolitude 
Description A collaboration with Japanese bookbinder Eri Funizaki which was displayed at the Saatchi Gallery in London in February 2017. This fine-bound artists' book sees 'Great Little Man' (who previously appeared in the books: 'Life in a Box', 'Stepping Out of a Box' and 'Life Out of a Box') feature as an anti-hero embarking upon a constantly interrupted journey during which he experiences cleansing and rebirth through acts of resistance and violence as he attempts to move around freely in a savage landscape full of borders and controlling powers. The text is inspired by Danny Flynn's work with historian Marina Carter and a team of academics from Leeds and Edinburgh Universities on the issues of diaspora, challenging existing assumptions held toward migrants. Further details here: http://www.coolitude.shca.ed.ac.uk/news/coolitude-display-saatchi-gallery and at https://g511ery.co.uk/pages/artists-books 
Type Of Art Artwork 
Year Produced 2017 
Impact An audience of several hundred distinguished artists and critics attended a reception and subsequent exhibition. The exhibition encouraged them to think about the themes and context of the 'Becoming Coolies' research project. Artists' book by Flynn and Funazaki are exhibited in the Tate Gallery and appeared in the Royal Academy Summer Exhibition in 2017. The project's influences over such renowned artists garnered considerable public attention. 
URL http://www.craftscouncil.org.uk/collect-catalogue-sample-2017/files/assets/common/downloads/Collect%...
 
Title India Inked! 
Description Students from Park View School exhibited experimental screen-process printed images, designed under the guidance of the artist Danny Flynn, in response to historical photographs derived from the research work of the AHRC funded 'Becoming Coolies' project. Venue: G511ERY Tottenham, November 4th 2016. 
Type Of Art Artwork 
Year Produced 2016 
Impact A class of 30 students from the Park View School Tottenham participated. 
 
Title Juxtapositions and Broon Scots - Marina Carter Danny Flynn and Herman Rodrigues 
Description The project exhibition 'Juxtapositions' and 'Coolitude' screen prints were placed alongside a new photographic display of Scots of Indian origin, produced by renowned Edinburgh-based photograph Herman Rodrigues in order to provoke comparisons between the past and present among audiences. The exhibition was held in Edinburgh in conjunction with the Edinburgh Festival of Indian Films and Documentaries. 
Type Of Art Artistic/Creative Exhibition 
Year Produced 2016 
Impact Distinguished guests were present, including the renowned Indian Actor Om Puri, and representatives from various Edinburgh-based embassies at the opening reception for the Film Festival and Exhibition. Approximately 100 were present. Footage from the September 2016 Juxtapositions and Broone Scotts exhibition feature in this video of highlights from the Edinburgh Festival of Indian Films and Documentaries. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VhYNSaeNOeE 
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VhYNSaeNOeE
 
Title Juxtapositions: Re-envisioning the Indian Labour Diaspora 
Description The Juxtapositions exhibition challenged a wide range of stereotypes about historical Indian subaltern diasporas featuring a selection of images and texts about indentured migration alongside the less well known Indian slave and convict diasporas. Each panel offered viewers two images or a combination of texts and images which implicitly contradict perceived wisdoms, for example one panel depicts two tombstones - one of a French Governor, crudely chiselled, contrasting with the beautiful sculpted headstone of an Indian mason, who died at around the same time, in the late 18th century; both can be found in the same cemetery in Mauritius. Another panel featurs textual claims about the 'ignorance' and 'helplessness' of Indian migrants juxtaposed with an image of a successful 'coolie' with his family, in front of his capacious dwelling. The Exhibition was displayed in public spaces in parallel with academic conferences held in Leeds and New Delhi, and in Edinburgh at the Edinburgh Mela (Sept 2017) and alongside 'Broon Scots' and 'Coolitude' at the Edinburgh Festival of Indian Films and Documentaries (Sept 2016). 
Type Of Art Artistic/Creative Exhibition 
Year Produced 2016 
Impact Viewers at the exhibition were invited to carefully interrogate these visual messages and gave us their opinions and some remarks about what they had learnt, on a remarks sheet which we placed in a prominent position wherever the exhibition was shown. 
URL http://www.coolitude.shca.ed.ac.uk/news/coverage-juxtapositions-exhibition-efifd-video
 
Title KANN: Sugar Cane and Field Labourers A Collaboration between Art and History 
Description At an open event at the Mauritius Cafe of Marcel & Sons in The Artworks in July 2017. Panels were on display from a larger exhibition which aimed to offer visitors an opportunity to understand the whys and wherefores of sugar cane labour in the colonial period, through slavery and indenture, and to evoke the perspectives and daily lives of workers through documents, photographs and contemporary art works. 
Type Of Art Artistic/Creative Exhibition 
Year Produced 2017 
Impact This pop-up exhibition was viewed by visitors multiple customers of the cafe and discussions were excited with the cafe owners, who are themselves of Mauritian decent. 
 
Title Labour Migration and Mauritius 
Description A display of panels at the Mauritius Cafe of Marcel & Sons in The Artworks from August to October 2015. The aim was to tell the story of the migratory origins of the population of Mauritius through examples of individual lives. 
Type Of Art Artistic/Creative Exhibition 
Year Produced 2015 
Impact This exhibition was viewed by an audience of several hundreds of customers of the cafe over a period of several months. Discussions were excited with the cafe owners, who are themselves of Mauritian decent. 
 
Title Notes on Migration by Jyothidas K V and Sarojini Lewis 
Description Exhibition at the Clark House Initiative Project Room, Mumbai, 14-04-2017 to 20-05-2017. A combination of archival photographs and graphic art describing how certain memories of migration transcend the border of nations and geographical distance, with examples from Dresden, Germany, India, and Surinam. 
Type Of Art Artwork 
Year Produced 2017 
Impact Danny Flynn's Cool!tude exhibition, using images from the 'Becoming Coolies' research project, inspired this exhibition of graphic art by Sarojini Lewis, which in turn inspired a collaboration with Jyothidas K V: an artist/researcher currently pursuing his PhD in Visual Studies from School of Arts and Aesthetics, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi. Sarojini Lewis reflects upon the influence the 'Becoming Coolies' project had on her work in her own JNU M.Phil. thesis and in a forthcoming academic article. 
 
Title Our Holy Waters & Mine by Andil Gosine 
Description A display of 12 prints of mason jars which were used to confront the viewer with deliberately depersonalized objects alongside abstractions of archival photos or ship names written on the emigration passes of Indian migrants. Mason jars are common household objects, now commodified into "retro cool" - Gosine claims these functional jars (similar to the one his own ancestor kept, filled with Ganges holy water), create a re-labelled meaningful identity that flows from the past, but is also fluid. Although crossing the 'kala pani' (the black sea) has been interpreted as a traumatic rupture in the lives of Indian migrants, in Gosine's art, we see the subtleties that extend the personal, interwoven with a transoceanic past. The artwork was exhibited at G511ery in the Seven Sisters Road, Tottenham, in November 2016. 
Type Of Art Artwork 
Year Produced 2016 
Impact Andil Gosine produced this exhibition at the invitation of 'Becoming Coolies' project. The work asks how we can make memory meaningful to each of us in the present and visitors to the Gallery (including a class of 30 children from Park View School Tottenham) took to this message very effectively. 
 
Title The Waves that came from Ternate by Sarojini Lewis 
Description An exhibition of graphic art on the experience of Indian indentured labour migration, held at StTroom den Haag, The Hague, Dec 2017-Feb 2018. 
Type Of Art Artwork 
Year Produced 2018 
Impact Sarojini Lewis has written about the influence the 'Becoming Coolies' project had on her work in her Jawaharlal Nehru University MPhil thesis, in a forthcoming article, and on her blog at http://sarojinilewis.blogspot.co.uk/ 
URL https://www.stroom.nl/activiteiten/kleine_presentatie.php?kt_id=1583524
 
Description Research for the project was conducted in archives in London, South Africa, Mauritius, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Malaysia, Pakistan, and in archives in New Delhi, Assam, and North India. Our key findings were as follows:
1. The dependence of European colonies in the Indian Ocean upon South Asian slave labour in the late 18th and early 19th centuries has been underestimated.
2. The beginnings of the recruitment of South Asians for work overseas was often predicated upon stereotypical assumptions concerning racial difference and the supposed docility of Indian workers.
3. Opposition to indenture in the early decades of the trade was more than just a continuation of anti-slavery sentiment, being embedded in wider debates about conditions in India and the subcontinent's place in the empire.
4. Debates about indenture intersected with debates about other contemporaneous movements of people, including white emigration, convict transportation, and repatriation schemes, as part of a wider imperial realignment of labour.
5. Discussions about recruitment of Indian labour in places where it did not take hold (e.g. New South Wales) provide an alternative perspective of indenture debates that reveal more nuanced attitudes to the system.
6. Indentured plantation labour, although it garners most attention in the historiography, amounted to only a small portion of the South Asians who migrated to work around the Indian Ocean region during the colonial era.
7. Religious beliefs posed no barrier to migration overseas, although social customs could make it difficult for migrant workers to reintegrate if they returned home.
8. The labour contract - or indenture - was modelled upon contracts employed in the military. It imposed specific obligations on both employers and employees. It was a significant innovation in the Indian economy, as contracts hitherto were unwritten and could be upheld only by informal means. Despite this innovation, informal self-organisation and the collective mobilisation of workers remained commonplace.
9. South Asians, usually from the same communities as the migrants themselves, played a dominant role in the recruitment process, both in migration within Indian and overseas.
10. Labour migrants - especially after 1857 - came from all sections of Indian society, not only from low status groups - as is often assumed
11. Many labour migrants evinced a surprisingly sophisticated knowledge of the employment opportunities available to them overseas, and often re-migrated from one colony to another. The 'agency' and enterprise of labour migrants has thus been underestimated.
12. Indentured labour migrants were encouraged to settle and acquire land, in most colonial destinations, and the majority of indentured workers chose to remain rather than return to India.
13. There were significant remittances home throughout the colonial period, allowing many families to acquire land in their native villages.
14. Working conditions were harsh, especially in the decades immediately following the abolition of slavery. However, by the 1890s labour ordinances guaranteed workers numerous rights which they often bravely sought to uphold by means of complaints, petitions and legal process. This began well before Indian nationalist agitations on the labour issue and long before the foundation of the ILO and the development of organised trade unionism.
15. The advent of the steam ship, along with medical innovations (influenced by indigenous practices), dramatically improved the experience of overseas labour migrants in the second half of the 19th century.
16. The protests of workers played an important and neglected role in civilising the conditions of labour.
17. The campaigns of ex-indentured workers overseas had a mutually profound influence on the ideology of leading Indian nationalist politicians.
18. There was considerable competition between different colonies, and the Government of India itself did not seek to encourage overseas labour migration. Thus the Government of Madras Presidency refused to permit indentured recruitment for Sri Lanka (Ceylon) and denied warrants for arrest of absconding labours from Ceylonese plantations.
19. Migration overseas continued extensively even after the abolition of the indentured labour contract - most notably to Malaysia, under strict pre-conditions, including a minimum wage.
20. A very considerable volume of 'free migration', outwith the purview of the government, took place, especially to Myanmar and South Africa, the extent of which can be deduced only indirectly from census statistics, oral histories, petitions, criminal and inquest reports etc. This was often 'circular' in nature, with migrants to Myanmar (in particular) migrating to work for only a limited period before returning home.
21. Caste discrimination and gender discrimination were significantly diluted or otherwise modified by the experience of migration
22. Very large numbers of migrant workers returned home during the Great Depression, again during the second world war, and again after independence when in some countries they faced discrimination. As a consequence, the true contribution of South Asian migrant workers to the development of Indian Ocean economy has been widely underestimated.
Exploitation Route Through a total of 22 publications to date - including two monographs (with more forthcoming) - and a total of 78 conference presentations and other engagement activities, the findings of the project were communicated to a wide audience. Our project website has had nearly 1,000 new visitors each year, and articles in the online special issue of the Journal South Asian Studies devoted to the project have been downloaded 1,500 times to date. The two books already published by our PDRAs have been acclaimed, with Ashutosh Kumar's COOLIES OF EMPIRE being made a core text in the MA programme at India's elite postgraduate school Jawaharlal Nehru University, and Marina Carter's co-authored CHAGOS: A HISTORY being described in one review as a 'a comprehensive piece of scholarship' as well as an invitation to new research.
Four panels were organised in international professional conferences in Europe and North America (BASAS, EASAS, and twice at the Madison Wisconsin South Asia Conference) and five major conferences were organised in Delhi (x2), London, Leeds, and Edinburgh (each with audiences of 30-50). This ensured that leading academic experts in the field were engaged in our research. As a result, we have substantially nuanced public and academic debate on the themes of this research project both in Britain, India and the several countries of the Indian Ocean that received Indian labour migration in the colonial era. Revisionary perspectives that stress the diversity of experiences and agency of workers have thus become more acceptable, challenging simplistic nationalist histories of Indian overseas labour migration.
Towards the end of the project we participated in multiple public conferences to mark the abolition of Indian indentured labour migration held in various countries around the world. There will be more such conferences in 1918-1920 at which we expect the findings of our research to be represented and discussed.
Oxford University Press, New Delhi, are commissioning a new book series - edited by the PI and with members of the 'Becoming Coolies' research team on the editorial board - in order to foreground revisionary perspectives on the history of the Indian diaspora. Six of the volumes in this series will be co-authored or co-edited by members of the research team and a further six volumes are being contributed by researchers sympathetic to the aims of the project. Three PhD students have commenced or are about to commence research at Edinburgh and Leeds Universities, inspired by the project. Finally, following on from lectures given in Singapore, Kuala Lumpur and Japan, Bates has been invited on a Visiting Professorship to the University of Tokyo in 2019, where he will collaborate with Chinese historians to explore ways in which methodologies and theories arising from our research on the Indian diaspora can be applied in studying the history of the equally large migration of Chinese labourers overseas in the 19th and early 20th centuries.
Sectors Creative Economy,Education,Government, Democracy and Justice,Culture, Heritage, Museums and Collections

URL http://www.coolitude.shca.ed.ac.uk
 
Description We organised a total of two exhibitions in India, and five in the UK (listed on the project website), as well as poetry readings, which engaged significantly with large numbers of the public. The last of these ('Juxtopositions') was held at the Edinburgh Mela in Edinburgh at the beginning of September 2017 (http://www.edinburgh-mela.co.uk). An exhibition was also held at the Edinburgh Festival of Indian Films & Documentaries in September in September 2016, which was visited by the celebrity Indian actor the late Om Puri. Three of these exhibitions have been made available online at www.coolitude.shca.ed.ac.uk/exhibitions in order to make them accessible to a widest possible audience. The project inspired the screen prints of Danny Flynn ('Cool!tude)'), which was included in several of these exhibitions, and informed his award-winning collaborative work 'Great Little Man - Coolitude' with Japanese bookbinder Eri Funizaki which was displayed at the Saatchi Gallery in London in February 2017. The Cool!tude screen prints further inspired Professor Reza Tavakol to author an article entitled 'Distant Gazes' which was published in Issue 28 of Uncertain States, a newspaper which charts new developments in studies of photography and which is distributed free to art galleries and museums around the UK. Collaborative art projects were undertaken at London and Leeds in 2016 with Andil Gosine of York University, Toronto and with art student Sarojini Lewis whose exposure to the research impact activities of the 'Becoming Coolies' project has informed her subsequent work as can be seen from the numerous exhibitions she has been involved with in 2017 and 2018. These include 'Notes on Migration' April-May 2017 at Mumbai, India, and 'The Waves that came from Ternate' at the Hague, Dec 2017-Feb 2018. Sarojini describes these transformative activities on her popular online blog: http://sarojinilewis.blogspot.co.uk/ and in a forthcoming publication of the research team. Many of the visitors to our project website at www.coolitude.shca.ed.ac.uk have traced their ancestry in our online database and genealogy pages, and we acquired 1,234 followers (the majority from India, secondly the UK) for our project Facebook page 'Global South Asians' in which updates on project activities were inter-woven with news event around the Indian diaspora. All of these posts have been tweeted and many have been re-tweeted and re-posted to Facebook pages run by diasporic Indian communities. The project website also provided samples of extracts from archives visited by the project and illustrations of the life stories of successful migrants, which have been used by students. The project website has attracted more than 800 new users each year since its inception. Lectures on the themes of the research were given at major public events - including a convention celebrating the Indian Diaspora in Trinidad (by Bates) and the Edinburgh International Arts Festival (by Major). A schools project was conceived by Carter and workshops were organised with teacher Alex Costello at Park View School which led to two exhibitions in 2016 and 2017, each involving a total of 30 students; a Student Resource book on the themes of the project was also published and made available free to download. Pop-up exhibitions were twice held at Artworks, in London, each of which ran for several months. Our 'Migration and 'Coolie' Identity' exhibition and poetry reading held at Artworks, Elephant & Castle, London, on 10th October 2015 was recorded and broadcast twice by Radio On and the 'Wirebender' produced an introduction to the event which can be read and listened to here: http://www.radio-on-berlin.com/?p=5579. Contributions were made to a newsletter produced by a prominent NGO devoted to memorialising Indian indentured migration in Mauritius. PI Bates and Co-I Major both contributed essays to Open Democracy - a website which connects academic research to issues of public policy - and an essay highlighting the research of the Becoming Coolies project 'The Legacy of Indian Migration to European Colonies' was published in The Economist (2/9/2017). Recordings of lectures and discussion from the project conference held at the Nehru Memorial Library New Delhi were broadcast on Rajya Sabha TV in India. A keynote lecture given by the PI in Guwahati, Assam, was reported in local Assamese newspapers. We expect further public events celebrating 100 years since the abolition of Indian indentured labour will be held in Surinam, Guadeloupe, Mauritius and elsewhere in 2018, at which the findings of the 'Becoming Coolies' project will be highlighted. Finally, a play inspired by the project has been conceived by a London-based theatre company ('Border Crossings') for which follow-on funding is being sought.
First Year Of Impact 2015
Sector Creative Economy,Education,Government, Democracy and Justice,Culture, Heritage, Museums and Collections
Impact Types Cultural,Societal,Policy & public services

 
Description College of Humanities and Social Science Knowledge Exchange and Impact Fund
Amount £4,410 (GBP)
Organisation University of Edinburgh 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 03/2016 
End 06/2016
 
Description College of Humanities and Social Science Knowledge Exchange and Impact Fund
Amount £6,000 (GBP)
Organisation University of Edinburgh 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 08/2017 
End 09/2017
 
Description IGNITE Impact and Knowledge Exchange Fund
Amount £1,780 (GBP)
Organisation University of Leeds 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2017 
End 08/2017
 
Description School of History Impact Fund
Amount £1,000 (GBP)
Organisation University of Leeds 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2016 
End 08/2017
 
Description School of History, Classics and Archaeology Impact Fund
Amount £1,000 (GBP)
Organisation University of Edinburgh 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2016 
End 08/2017
 
Description School of History, Classics and Archaeology Publications Fund
Amount £620 (GBP)
Organisation University of Edinburgh 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 02/2018 
End 03/2018
 
Title Search for People 
Description A webpage presenting a carefully selected and redacted sample of 4,600 Migrants who left from Calcutta (Kolkata) to work in sugar plantations Mauritius, Natal (South Africa), Trinidad and Guyana between 1857 and 1869. The database was compiled for research on immediate post-1857 migration from north India. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact The website is continuously used as one of several online resources available to citizens of former British sugar colonies who are researching the history of their ancestors. There have been more than 800 new users of the site since its inception. 
URL http://www.coolitude.shca.ed.ac.uk/people-search
 
Description Conference: 100 Years since the end of indenture 
Organisation Nehru Memorial Museum and Library
PI Contribution PDRA Ashutosh curated an exhibition at the NMML and organised a parallel conference in which members of the project team participated.
Collaborator Contribution The NMML provided the printing and manufacturing costs of the exhibition, the venue, plus food and drink over the course of two days.
Impact An edited historical volume on the End of Indenture, edited by Maurits Hassan Khan, Marina Carter, Crispin Bates, and Goolam Vahed will be published in 2018 in a newly commissioned Oxford University Press series on the Indian Diaspora. The exhibition and conference reported in the Indian press and film clips from the conference were uploaded on Youtube and broadcast on Rajya TV.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Conference: Becoming Indentured: Rethinking Labour Migration in Colonial India 
Organisation Centre for Study of Developing Societies (CSDS)
Country India 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution PDRA Ashutosh Kumar organised a conference on behalf of the 'Becoming Coolies' project at CSDS on 28-29 March 2016. PDRA Marina Carter also organised a parallel exhibition entitled 'Juxtapositions: Re-envisioning the Indian Labour Diaspora' which ran from March 26th until April 2nd.
Collaborator Contribution CSDS provided a venue for both the conference and exhibition, along with catering facilities. Accommodation for conference delegates was provided gratis in the nearby Guest Houses of the University of Delhi.
Impact Selected Essays from the Conference will appear in a volume edited by Crispin Bates entitled INDENTURE AND AFTER: GENDER, AGENCY AND RESISTANCE. This will be published in 2018 a new series on the Indian Diaspora, commissioned by the 'Becoming Coolies' project with Oxford University Press.
Start Year 2016
 
Description Khal Torabully - Mauritian and French Poet 
Organisation University of Lyon
Country France 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Khal/s poetryhas been influenced by PDRA Marina Carter's historical research on indentured labour migration to his home country, Mauritius. Both she and PI have previously worked together to publish a collection of Khal's poetry from Anthem Press.
Collaborator Contribution Khal Torabully invented the concept of 'Coolitude', on which he has written several poetic works, acclaimed by the poet of négritude Aimé Césaire. Khal's work helped inspire the 'Becoming Coolies' project and he flew from France to UK to read extracts of his poetry at every conference and event organised by the project.
Impact Marina Carter & Khal Torabully are co-editing a book entitled 'Coolitude: Resonances and Afterlives' - to be published by Oxford University Press in 2018. The book will include both literary and historical criticism.
Start Year 2015
 
Description 'Slave Castes', 'Coolies' and Colonial Discourses of 'Unfree' Labour' - presentation by Dr Andrea Major 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Presentation at a panel on 'Caste and Labour' at the 24th European Conference on South Asian Studies, held in Warsaw on the 27th-30th July 2016
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description 'The AHRC "Becoming Coolies" research project' - presentation by Prof Crispin Bates 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Project presentation given at conference Celebrating 155 years of Indians in South Africa: Ethnicity, Race and Citizenship at the University of KwaZulu Natal, Durban South Africa, November 11th-15th 2016.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description 'The Limits of Trust: The Procurer in Colonial Accounts of Slave-Trafficking in India, 1774-1843' - conference presentation by Dr Andrea Major 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact In Panel on Trust and the Indian Labour Diaspora at the Madison Wisconsin South Asia Conference 22nd October 2015
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description ''Ignorant and Helpless Beings': India, Empire and the Origins of the 'Coolie' Stereotype' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Conference presentation at a panel on Indentured Identities, at BASAS Conference, April 2016 (University of Cambridge)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description '(En)gendering Migration: Narratives from South Asia and Beyond' Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation paper presentation
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact The interdisciplinary workshop was one of several events organised in Kolkata, intended to highlight the university's on going research on India, in collaboration with Indian partners. The workshop consisted of two sessions, in which five papers were presented and then discussed by eight leading experts. Each session was followed by questions, posed to the panellists by members of the audience (including staff and postgraduates from various institutes and departments across Kolkata). The agenda of the conference was to encourage the abandonment of conventional push-pull explanations in favour of the ethnographic study of networks and intermediaries who connected together the worker and employer. This new approach, it was proposed, is necessary to escape from old clichés and enable the rethinking of the role of women in migration in India.
Significant outcomes included requests for further participation/involvement, plans made for future activity, audience reported change in views/behaviours, and own/colleagues' reported change in views.

To be added
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL https://uoeindia.wordpress.com/2015/02/21/engendering-migration-narratives-from-south-asia-and-beyon...
 
Description '155 Years of Indians in South Africa' Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation paper presentation
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Although the focus of the conference was on South Africa, the participation of scholars beyond South Africa enabled researchers in the field of diaspora studies to reflect on broader theoretical issues in conceptualising the Indian diaspora. The conference aimed to bring together researchers and academics to engage in critical discussion on a range of themes and topics that relate to South African Indians.

The decision was made at the end of the conference to establish a centre for Indian Studies, within the University of Kwa-Zulu-Natal. Participants in the "Becoming Coolies" project were recruited. The project agenda stimulated considerable interest in the academic audience. The most significant impacts were thus requests for further participation/involvement, plans made for future activity, audience reported change in views/behaviours, own/colleagues' reported change in views, decision made or influenced, and requests for further information.

To be added
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://nidan.ukzn.ac.za/Call-for-Paper/celebrating-155-years-of-indians-in-south-africa.aspx
 
Description 'Agency and Resistance amongst Assamese Tea Plantation Workers, 1860-1940' - presentation by Prof Crispin Bates 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Presentation at at the conference Indentured Lives: Rethinking the Experience of Indian Overseas Labour Migration, 1800-1920 held in Edinburgh on 8th-9th September 2016.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description 'An Indian Perspective on the word 'Coolie" - conference presentation by Ashutosh Kumar 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Conference presentation at international Conference on 'Back to the Future?' Interrogating the Contemporary Use of Imperial Terms in the Academy, Institute of Commonwealth Studies, University of London, October 9, London.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description 'Back to the Future: Rethinking Imperial terms in Academia' Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation paper presentation
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact The 'Back to the Future: Rethinking Imperial terms in Academia' conference considered the use of the term 'coolie' in academic discourse: situating it, deconstructing it, and discussing it both as a negative stereotype of the past and a possible focus of identity formation in the future. The most significant outcomes were requests for further participation/involvement, plans made for future activity, audience reported change in views/behaviours, own/colleagues' reported change in views, decision made or influenced, and requests for further information.

To be added
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description 'Becoming Coolies: Aspects of Gender and Colonial Overseas Labour Migration' - presentation by Prof C Bates and Dr M Carter at CSDS, Delhi 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation at International Conference on Becoming Indentured: Rethinking Labour Migration from India to the Sugar Colonies, 1830-1920, 27-28 March 2016 at Centre for the Study of Developing Societies (CSDS), Delhi.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description 'Caste and Labour' - conference panel organised by Dr Andrea Major 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Panel at at the 24th European Conference on South Asian Studies, held in Warsaw on the 27th-30th July 2016 (organised by Andrea Major)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description 'Cool!tude' Exhibition 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Project members co-organised this gallery exhibition on the theme of 'Cool!tude' designed by Danny Flynn at G511ery, in Tottenham, North London. The opening launch on the evening of the 10th included a poetry recital by the 'voice of Cool!tude' Khal Torabully. The exhibition, which ran over four days, featured evocative re-renderings of nineteenth century migrant portraits taken by colonial officials. The purpose was to promote in the public mind a more positive view of Indian overseas labour migration, than has hitherto been the case. The most significant impacts included audience reported change in views/behaviours and plans made for future activity.

To be added
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.coolitude.shca.ed.ac.uk/?q=node/27
 
Description 'Gandhi as Girmitiya' - presentation by Ashutosh Kumar 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Conference presentation at international Conference on 'Celebrating 155 Years of Indians in South Africa Ethnicity, Race and Citizenship: Place of Indians in the New South Africa',12-14 November, University of Kwazulu, Durban, South Africa.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description 'Great Little Man (featuring Coolitude)', a collaborative exhibition at the Saatchi Gallery 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact 'Great Little Man (featuring Coolitude)', a collaborative exhibition by the artists Danny Flynn and Eri Funazaki, Saatchi Gallery, King's Road, London SW3, 1st -7th February 2016.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description 'Hill Coolies': the Indian Indentured Labourer and the Colonial Imagination ' - conference presentation by Dr Andrea Major 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Conference presentation at 'Indentured Lives' Conference held in Edinburgh on 8th-9th September 2016.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description 'Ignorant and Helpless Beings': India, Empire and the Origins of the 'Coolie' Stereotype - conference presentation by Dr Andrea Major 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Conference presentation at Becoming Indentured: Rethinking Labour Migration from India to the Sugar Colonies, 1830-1920, 27-28 March at Centre for the Study of Developing Societies (CSDS), New Delhi
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description 'Images of Indenture', art exhibition featuring the work of Danny Flynn, Andil Gosine and Sarojini Lewis - organised by Dr A Major 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact 'Images of Indenture', art exhibition featuring the work of Danny Flynn, Andil Gosine and Sarojini Lewis, Michael Sadler Building, University of Leeds 27-29 June 2016
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description 'Juxtapositions' Exhibition and Stand at the Edinburgh Mela, Scotland on 1-3 September 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact 'Juxtapositions' Exhibition and Stand at the Edinburgh Mela, Scotland on 1-3 September 2017. The stall featured a series of pre-printed banners, designed by the graphic artist Danny Flynn. These banners depict photographs of Indian migrants in colonial times, overlaid with text which relates to their experiences. On the desk we had a series of flyers describing the exhibition and the 'Becoming Coolies' research project, which directed people to our project website and facebook page. There was also a Schools booklet, outlining the history of Indian overseas indentured labour migration, for use in classrooms (this will be downloadable from the website). The stall was set up and managed by Dr. Marina Carter and the graphic artist Danny Flynn.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description 'Juxtapositions: Coolitude and Broon Scots', exhibition at the University of Edinburgh 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Poster exhibition of 'Juxtapositions: Coolitude and Broon Scots', Chrystal Macmillan Building, University of Edinburgh, 7th-9th September2016 (organised by Prof. Crispin Bates and Francesca Kaufman)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description 'Mobile Peasants and Indenture' by Ashutosh Kumar 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Conference presentation at at International Conference on 'Becoming Indentured: Rethinking Labour Migration from India to the Sugar Colonies, 1830-1920', 27-28 March at Centre for the Study of Developing Societies (CSDS), Delhi
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description 'Naukari, Network and Indenture' - presentation by Ashutosh Kumar 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Conference presentation at Colloque International : L'engagisme Dans Les Colonies Européennes, Résistances Et Mémoire(S), Xixe-Xxie Siècles, 20 Et 21 Octobre 2016, Université De Nantes.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description 'Remigration of Indian Subalterns in the Colonial Indian Ocean' - presentation by Prof C Bates and Dr M Carter at the University of Leeds 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Presentation at the conference 'After Slavery: Labour and Migration in the Post-Emancipation World', University of Leeds, 27-29 June 2016.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description 'The South Asian Labour Diaspora In The Colonial Era: Networks, Trust And Intermediaries' - keynote lecture by Prof Crispin Bates 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Keynote lecture given at "Becoming Indentured: Rethinking Labour Migration from India to the Sugar Colonies", 1830-1920, 27-28 March 2016 at Centre for the Study of Developing Societies (CSDS), New Delhi
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description 'Transnationalism, intermediaries, and the myths of identity in Indian Ocean migration' - keynote lecture by Prof Crispin Bates 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Keynote lecture given at International Cross-Disciplinary Conference "Power and Identity": The Graduate Program on Global Society (GSP), The University of Tokyo, Monday 9 January, 2017, Komaba Campus, Tokyo.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://sites.google.com/site/gspconference2017/home
 
Description 'Trust and Intermediaries in the Indian Labour Diaspora' - presentation by Prof C Bates and Dr M Carter at the Madison Wisconsin South Asia conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Panel presentation in Panel on Trust and the Indian Labour Diaspora, 22nd October 2015
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description 'Trust and the Indian Labour Diaspora' - panel discussion 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Conference panel at Madison Wisconsin South Asia Conference 22nd October 2015 (organised by Crispin Bates and Yoshina Hurogobin)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://southasiaconference.wisc.edu/about-archive.htm#acc-panel-339
 
Description 'Writing the Girmitiya Experience' - by Ashutosh Kumar 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Conference presentation at International Conference on ' Indentured Lives', 9-10 September at University of Edinburgh, UK.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description An East Indian Slave Trade? Rethinking Indian Indentured Labour Migration - Festival Lecture by Dr A Major 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Lecture given at University of Edinburgh as part of the Edinburgh International Festival and Fringe, 16th August 2016
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Ashutosh Kumar presented a paper at the Nehru Memorial Museum and Library, New Delhi. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Ashutosh Kumar presented a paper entitled 'Making Laws for "Coolies": Indian Emigration Acts, 1837-1922' at a national conference on 'Colonialism and the Law in Colonial India, Nehru Memorial Museum and Library, New Delhi, 29-30 November 2018. Plans were finalised for a future publication on this theme.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://nehrumemorial.nic.in/en/news/721-colonialism-and-law-in-modern-india.html
 
Description Banner exhibition at Centre for the Study of Developing Societies (CSDS), 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact 'Juxtapositions: re-envisioning the Indian Labour Diaspora', banner exhibition at Centre for the Study of Developing Societies (CSDS), New Delhi, 26 March - April 2nd 2016 (organised by Marina Carter and Danny Flynn)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://www.britishcouncil.in/programmes/arts/visual-art-and-museums/museums/juxtapositions-re-envis...
 
Description Finding ourselves: Writers exploring legacies of indenture 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This event, held on 09/10/2015, involved public readings from the writings of literary authors who have published on the experience of indenture and migration. The authors involved were: Gaiutra Bahadur, Clem Seecharan, Jan Lowe Shinebourne and Khal Torabully. The readings were followed by a Q&A session and a reception. The most significant outcomes were requests for further participation/involvement, plans made for future activity, audience reported change in views/behaviours, and own/colleagues' reported change in views.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Forcing the archive: Subaltern migrants 'of Ceylon' in the Indian Ocean World of the 18th-19th centuries' - presentation by Dr M Carter with N Wickramasinghe at the University of Edinburgh 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Presentation given at the international conference on 'Indentured Lives: Rethinking the Experience of Indian Overseas Labour Migration, 1800-1920', 8-10 September, University of Edinburgh, UK.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Gallery exhibition and poetry reading 'Cool!tudes' 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Gallery exhibition 'Cool!tudes' at G511ERY ,Tottenham, London
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description India Inked: Students from Park View School exhibition 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact India Inked: Students from Park View School exhibit experimental screen-process printed images in response to historical photographs derived from the research work of the AHRC funded 'Becoming Coolies' project. Friday 4th November 2016, 6-9pm.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Invited Paper delivered by Crispin Bates on 'Migration, the End of Empire, and the Re-ethnicisation of Nations in the Indian Ocean region' in seminar series on 'New Racism' at Zinbunken, the University of Kyoto, 1 July 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Invited Paper on 'Migration, the End of Empire, and the Re-ethnicisation of Nations in the Indian Ocean region' in seminar series on 'New Racism' at Zinbunken, the University of Kyoto, 1 July 2017. New methodologies were explained and groundwork was laid for future research collaboration with researchers in Japan.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Journeying into Indenture: Remarkable Stories of Returnee Indian Migrants to Mauritius - presentation by Dr M Carter with V Govinden at the University of Edinburgh 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Presentation given by Prof Bates at the international conference "Indentured Lives: Rethinking the Experience of Indian Overseas Labour Migration, 1800-1920", 8-10 September, University of Edinburgh, UK.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Kann Exhibition at The Artworks, Elephant & Castle, London on 18 July 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Kann Exhibition at The Artworks, Elephant & Castle, London on 18 July 2017
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Keynote Lecture delivered by Crispin Bates on 'Transnationalism, intermediaries, and the myths of identity in Indian Ocean migration' at International Conference on 'Power and Identity', The Graduate Program on Global Society (GSP), University of Tokyo, 8-9 March 2017. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Keynote Lecture delivered by Crispin Bates on 'Transnationalism, intermediaries, and the myths of identity in Indian Ocean migration' at International Conference on 'Power and Identity', The Graduate Program on Global Society (GSP), University of Tokyo, 8-9 March 2017. New methodologies were explained and groundwork was laid for future research collaboration.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Keynote lecture delivered by Crispin Bates on 'Bihari Overseas Labour Migration 1857-1869: origins, intermediaries, and the role of trust' at ADRI Silver Jubilee Conference, Bihar and Jharkhand: Shared History to Shared Vision, Patna, 24-27 March 2017. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Keynote lecture delivered by Crispin Bates on 'Bihari Overseas Labour Migration 1857-1869: origins, intermediaries, and the role of trust' at ADRI Silver Jubilee Conference, Bihar and Jharkhand: Shared History to Shared Vision, Patna, 24-27 March 2017. The conference and accompanying exhibition were open to the public and journalists attended including Doordashan, the national TV channel, who recorded selected sessions for streaming online. The President of India inaugurated the conference.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://adri25.org
 
Description Keynote lecture delivered by Crispin Bates on 'The End of Indenture in Assam' (with Linajyoti Medhi) and 'The End of Indenture in Mauritius' (with Marina Carter and V. Govinden), at Challenging Perspectives on the Indian Diaspora: A Global Conference on Diaspora Studies and Policies, organised by the University of Amsterdam and International Institute of Social Studies, The Hague, 5-7 October 2017. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Keynote lecture delivered by Crispin Bates on 'The End of Indenture in Assam' (with Linajyoti Medhi) and 'The End of Indenture in Mauritius' (with Marina Carter and V. Govinden), at Challenging Perspectives on the Indian Diaspora: A Global Conference on Diaspora Studies and Policies, organised by the University of Amsterdam and International Institute of Social Studies, The Hague, 5-7 October 2017. The conference proceedings will be published. A key outcome was engagement with representatives of the Indian diasporic community.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://gcids2017.org
 
Description Keynote lecture delivered by Crispin Bates on 'The South Asian Labour Diaspora In The Colonial Era: Networks, Trust And Intermediaries' at international conference on 'Rethinking Colonialism and Globalisation' funded by the Indian Council of Social Science Research, Dakshin-Kamrup College, Guwahati, 21-23 April 2016. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Keynote lecture on 'The South Asian Labour Diaspora In The Colonial Era: Networks, Trust And Intermediaries' at international conference on 'Rethinking Colonialism and Globalisation' funded by the Indian Council of Social Science Research, Dakshin-Kamrup College, Guwahati, 21-23 April 2016. The conference proceedings were reported in a series of articles in Assamese newspapers.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Lecture delivered by Crispin Bates on "'Becoming Coolies': aspects of gender and colonial overseas labour migration" at conference on (En)gendering Migration: Narratives from South Asia and Beyond, held at the Institute of Development Studies, Kolkata, February 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact This was an interdisciplinary conference involving historians and development practitioners, which collectively explored issues concerning the role of women in migration in the past and present. Apart from the audience of circa 100 at the conference itself, blogs and interviews were published online in order to reach the widest possible audience.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.mediablog.ed.ac.uk/wp/india/2015/02/21/engendering-migration-narratives-from-south-asia-a...
 
Description Lecture delivered by Crispin Bates on 'Researching the Humanities and Social Sciences' in the Department of International Relations, University of Peshawar, 8 March 2017. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Lecture delivered by Crispin Bates on 'Researching the Humanities and Social Sciences' in the Department of International Relations, University of Peshawar, 8 March 2017. Students were inspired to consider diaspora in their field of interests.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Lecture delivered by Crispin Bates on 'The South Asian Global Labour Diaspora' in the Department of History, University of Peshawar, Pakistan, 10 March 2017. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Lecture on 'The South Asian Global Labour Diaspora' in the Department of History, University of Peshawar, Pakistan, 10 March 2017. New methodologies were explained to Peshwar University History staff and students, who were inspired to incorporate them in teaching and research.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Lecture delivered by Crispin Bates on 'The South Asian Labour Diaspora' at Department of History, Peshawar University, Pakistan, Thursday 9th March 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact The lecture was given to an audience of approximately 60 consisting mostly of staff and undergraduate students. For security reasons the University has not had any external speakers for several years. The event therefore had quite an impact. During the talk I related my current research to broader trends within the discipline of history. The head of department commented subsequently that the lecture greatly encouraged their efforts to move away from teaching conventional national history towards social and subaltern history and the adoption of new methodologies in their research. After the event I met with students who expressed similar enthusiasm.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Migration and Coolitude; Identity Poetry Recital and Exhibition 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Supporters
Results and Impact The project team co-organised this lunchtime poetry recital and exhibition at Marcel & Sons (Elephant & Castle, London) on Saturday 10th October. A feast of Mauritian inspired delights accompanied a small exhibition entitled Migration and 'Coolie' identity, which gave an introduction to the history of nineteenth century migration to Mauritius. Poet Khal Torabully brought the subject to life with a thought-provoking introduction to Coolitude. The most significant outcomes were requests for further participation/involvement, audience reported change in views/behaviours, and requests for further information.

To be added
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.coolitude.shca.ed.ac.uk/?q=node/26
 
Description North Indian Overseas Labour Migration 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A lecture given at the Institute for South Asian Studies, University of Singapore in August 2017. The institute staff consists mostly of policy oriented experts in economics, politics and international relations. An extended discussion followed in which they were persuaded of the relevance of historical perspectives. An invitation was extended for me to re-visit in 2019 as a Senior Research Fellow of the Institute.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Panel Discussion involving Ashutosh Kumar on 'Hundred Years of the End of the Indian Indentureship' on Rajya Sabha TV, Government of India, 13th January 2017. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact Panel Discussion involving Ashutosh Kumar on 'Hundred Years of the End of the Indian Indentureship' on Rajya Sabha TV, Government of India, 13th January 2017. Some parts of the discussion can be watched at the following link: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0a1P5aB6b7g . All proceedings of panel discussion will be available shortly on Rajya Sabha TV archives and on You tube.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://nehrumemorial.nic.in/en/news.html
 
Description Panel Discussion on 'Hundred Years of the End of the Indian Indentureship' with Dr A Kumar 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Panel Discussion on 'Hundred Years of the End of the Indian Indentureship' on Rajya Sabha TV, Government of India, 13th January 2017. Some part of the discussion can be watch at the following link: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0a1P5aB6b7g

All proceedings of panel discussion will be available shortly on Rajya Sabha TV archives and on You tube.

http://nehrumemorial.nic.in/en/news.html
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://nehrumemorial.nic.in/en/news.html
 
Description Panel on 'Networks of Trust and Information in Global Labour Migration', Madison-Wisconsin Annual Conference on South Asia 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation paper presentation
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact This annual conference brings together over 700 scholars and other interested parties from around the world for a series of academic panels, roundtable sessions, association meetings and other events such as film screenings and dramatic performances. The most significant impacts of the panel were plans made for future activity, own/colleagues' reported change in views and requests for further information.

To be added
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://southasiaconference.wisc.edu/
 
Description Panel presentation 'Caste and Labour' by Prof Crispin Bates 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact 'Uncasting and Recasting the Indian Labour Migrant' (co-authored with Marina Carter) in a panel at the 24th European Conference on South Asian Studies, held in Warsaw on the 27th-30th July 2016
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Paper delivered by Andrea Major on 'After Slavery? Indenture and the globalisation of Indian labour' at "Connected Histories of Empire and Struggle" conference, Edinburgh, 20 April 2017. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Paper delivered by Andrea Major on 'After Slavery? Indenture and the globalisation of Indian labour' at "Connected Histories of Empire and Struggle" conference, Edinburgh, 20 April 2017.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Paper delivered by Andrea Major on 'The Coolie Question' : Great Britain and the Indenture system at 'Hundred Years of the End of the Indian Indentureship' conference, New Delhi, 28-29 March 2017. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Paper delivered by Andrea Major on 'The Coolie Question' : Great Britain and the Indenture system at 'Hundred Years of the End of the Indian Indentureship' conference, New Delhi, 28-29 March 2017.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Paper delivered by Ashutosh Kumar at International Conference in Surninam 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Ashutosh Kumar presented a conference paper entitled 'Girmit: Peasants' understanding of the indenture system' at an international conference on Slavery, Indentured Labour, Migration, Diaspora and Identity Formation, Paramaribo, Suriname, 18-23 June 2018. Around 200 people attended a discussion on indentured and its Diaspora in Surinam which sparked many questions and queries. The audience demanded that the organisers i.e. the University of Surinam should introduce courses on the history of Indentured labour migration -currently missing from curricula - at undergraduate level to PhD and post-doctorate level.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://ufrr.br/nupepa/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=165:conference-on-slavery-indentu...
 
Description Paper delivered by Ashutosh Kumar on "A Hundred Years of the End of the Indian Indentureship", The Nehru Memorial Museum and Library, New Delhi, 28-29 March 2017. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Paper delivered by Ashutosh Jumar on "Hundred Years of the End of the Indian Indentureship", The Nehru Memorial Museum and Library, New Delhi, 28-29 March 2017. An outcome was an edited volume.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://nehrumemorial.nic.in/en/events/month.calendar/2017/03/14/-.html
 
Description Paper delivered by Ashutosh Kumar on 'An Indian Perspective on the word 'Coolie" ' at international Conference on 'Back to the Future?' Interrogating the Contemporary Use of Imperial Terms in the Academy, Institute of Commonwealth Studies, University of London, London, 9 October 2015. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Paper delivered by Ashutosh Kumar on 'An Indian Perspective on the word 'Coolie" ' at international Conference on 'Back to the Future?' Interrogating the Contemporary Use of Imperial Terms in the Academy, Institute of Commonwealth Studies, University of London, London, 9 October 2015.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Paper delivered by Ashutosh Kumar on 'Becoming Indentured: Rethinking Labour Migration from India to the Sugar Colonies, 1830-1920', Centre for the Study of Developing Societies (CSDS), Delhi, 27-28 March 2016. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Paper delivered by Ashutosh Kumar on 'Becoming Indentured: Rethinking Labour Migration from India to the Sugar Colonies, 1830-1920', Centre for the Study of Developing Societies (CSDS), Delhi, 27-28 March 2016. This led to the publication of an edited volume.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Paper delivered by Ashutosh Kumar on 'Gandhi and Indenture', a talk invited by Geo Research Forum, Department of Geography, University of Delhi, New Delhi, 23rd February 2017. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Paper delivered by Ashutosh Kumar on 'Gandhi and Indenture', a talk invited by Geo Research Forum, Department of Geography, University of Delhi, New Delhi, 23rd February 2017.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Paper delivered by Ashutosh Kumar on 'Gandhi as Girmitiya' at international Conference on 'Celebrating 155 Years of Indians in South Africa Ethnicity, Race and Citizenship: Place of Indians in the New South Africa', University of Kwazulu, Durban, South Africa, 12-14 November 2015. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact 'Gandhi as Girmitiya', paper delivered by Ashutosh Kumar at international Conference on 'Celebrating 155 Years of Indians in South Africa Ethnicity, Race and Citizenship: Place of Indians in the New South Africa', University of Kwazulu, Durban, South Africa, 12-14 November 2015. This activity led to a chapter in an edited volume.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Paper delivered by Ashutosh Kumar on 'Indians Against the Indenture System' at an International Conference on Hundred Years of the End of the Indenture System: A Centennial Commemoration, at Nehru Memorial Museum and Library, New Delhi, 27-28 March 2017. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Paper delivered by Ashutosh Kumar on 'Indians Against the Indenture System' at an International Conference on Hundred Years of the End of the Indenture System: A Centennial Commemoration, at Nehru Memorial Museum and Library, New Delhi, 27-28 March 2017. An outcome was a chapter in an edited volume.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Paper delivered by Ashutosh Kumar on 'Mobile Peasants and Indenture' at International Conference on 'Becoming Indentured: Rethinking Labour Migration from India to the Sugar Colonies, 1830-1920', Centre for the Study of Developing Societies (CSDS), Delhi, 27-28 March 2016. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Paper delivered by Ashutosh Kumar on 'Mobile Peasants and Indenture' at International Conference on 'Becoming Indentured: Rethinking Labour Migration from India to the Sugar Colonies, 1830-1920', Centre for the Study of Developing Societies (CSDS), Delhi, 27-28 March 2016. An outcome was the publication of an article in South Asian Studies.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Paper delivered by Ashutosh Kumar on 'Naukari, Network and Indenture' at Colloque International : L'engagisme Dans Les Colonies Européennes, Résistances Et Mémoire(S), Xixe-Xxie Siècles, Université De Nantes, 20th and 21st October 2016. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Paper delivered by Ashutosh Kumar on 'Naukari, Network and Indenture' at Colloque International : L'engagisme Dans Les Colonies Européennes, Résistances Et Mémoire(S), Xixe-Xxie Siècles, Université De Nantes, 20th and 21st October 2016. This led to the publication of a chapter in an edited volume.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Paper delivered by Ashutosh Kumar on 'Writing the Girmitiya Experience' at International Conference on ' Indentured Lives', University of Edinburgh, UK, 9-10 September 2016. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Paper delivered by Ashutosh Kumar on 'Writing the Girmitiya Experience' at International Conference on ' Indentured Lives', University of Edinburgh, UK, 9-10 September 2016. An outcome was the publication of a book chapter.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://indenturedlives.wordpress.com
 
Description Paper given by Ashutosh Kumar at International Conference in Guadeloupe 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Ashutosh Kumar presented a paper 'Coolies of the Empire and Vision of Indenture' at the International Festival of Coolitude, Guadeloupe, 17-21 May 2018. Abour Around 150 people attended the workshop and Festival of 'Coolitude' and discussed the idea of coolitude and how 19th century migration can be understand through this concept. The audience supported this new way of looking at the 19th century movement of people across the oceans. Elements from the conference were streamed on Youtube.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.potomitan.info/ki_nov/coolitude_2018.php
 
Description Paper presented by Ashutosh Kumar in a panel at the 2018 annual conference of the American Association for Asian Studies 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Ashutosh Kumar presented a paper 'Making of Indentured Law' in a panel on Indian Indenture and Practices of Freedom Across the South Asian Diaspora: Lessons and Legacies, AAS 2018 Annual Conference, Washington DC, 22-25 March 2018. It was huge conference attended by more than 500 people. The panel discussed the issues of regulation and Laws related to 19th century labour migration from India to various sugar colonies. Many important queries and questions emerged during the discussion and scholars promised to introduce courses on Indentured Indians across the Asian and American Universities.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.asian-studies.org/asia-now/entryid/63/aas-2018-call-for-proposals-is-opennow-powered-by-c...
 
Description Participation in and presentations at a theatre workshop for the Great Experiment project, London, on 4-8 September 2017. 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Participation in and presentations at a theatre workshop for the Great Experiment project run by Border Crossings theatre company, London. The research team contributed to discussions and presented their research findings to inform the development of a play. In a blog post, the actor and writer Rosanna Lowe reflected on the contributions of the Becoming Coolies team: "Our other incredible resource and one of the most unique parts of the process was the involvement of three eminent historians, creators of the academic research project 'Becoming Coolies', which aimed to break down some of the stereotypes of Indian indentured labourers, examining their diversity and their personal agency in migration. Initially I think we were curious and a little concerned about how an interaction between performers and historians might work, as was Professor Crispin Bates, when he declared to us over Skype: 'My fear is that this could end up as a Mauritian Les Miserables' But once in the room together, there was a great generosity in the sharing process, with the performers benefitting from the historians' extraordinary expertise and the historians delighting in the performers' ability to bring history to life in unexpected ways." The team has now applied for an AHRC Follow on Funding grant to extend the impact of the project through a collaboration with Border Crossings.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://bordercrossingsblog.blogspot.co.uk/2017/10/the-great-experiment-guest-blog-on.html
 
Description Poster exhibition and lunchtime poetry celebration of Coolitude and Labour Migration to Mauritius 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Poster exhibition on 'Labour Migration to Mauritius' at Marcel & Sons café, Artworks, Elephant & Castle, London, 4th June-31st October 2015 (organiser: Marina Carter and Rosalind Parr). Migration & 'Coolie' Identity a lunchtime celebration of Coolitude with a poetry reading by Khal Torabully on the theme of 'Coolitude' at Marcel & Sons, Artworks, Elephant & Castle, London, 10th October 2015. Introduced by Prof. Crispin Bates.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Presentation delivered by Ashutosh Kumar on 'History Curriculum, Gandhi and Anti- Indenture Movement', National University of Educational Planning and Administration (NUEPA), New Delhi, 07 April 2017. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Presentation delivered by Ashutosh Kumar, 'History Curriculum, Gandhi and Anti- Indenture Movement', National University of Educational Planning and Administration (NUEPA), New Delhi, 07 April 2017.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Presentation delivered by Crispin Bates on the '"Becoming Coolies": the history of the Indian Oversea Labour Diaspora' at Indian Diaspora World Convention, Trinidad, 17-20 March 2017. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Presentation on the '"Becoming Coolies": the history of the Indian Oversea Labour Diaspora' at Indian Diaspora World Convention, Trinidad, 17-20 March 2017. The opening cultural programme of the conference, in which there were speeches by the Prime Ministers of Trinidad and Guyana amongst others, had an audience of about 1,000 and was broadcast live on national TV. The conference thereby achieved widespread newspaper coverage. Crispin Bates also participated in an after-conference outreach activity on another part of the island involving members of the public. Overall, the event achieved a very high level of public engagement. Numerous participants expressed particular interest in the specific findings of the 'Becoming Coolies' project and their possible applicability to Caribbean history and Indo-Caribbean conceptions of identity.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.indiandiasporacouncil.org/pdf/program-summary-100th-ani-abolition-of-indian-indenturedshi...
 
Description Presentation of impact projects of the Becoming Coolies Team, delivered at a workshop held at Tara Arts, London on 20 March 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation of impact projects of the Becoming Coolies Team at Workshop held at Tara Arts, London
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Presentation on 'The South Asian Diaspora' by Prof Crispin Bates 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Keynote lecture given at the conference 'Rethinking Colonialism and Globalisation' conference (21-23 April 2016), hosted by the Indian Council of Social Science Research at Dakshin-Kamrup college, Guwahati, India. [Scans are available of three reports in Hindi from The Assam Tribune newpaper]
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Project conference - 'Back to the Future?' Interrogating the Contemporary Use of Imperial Terms in the Academy 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Project conference at the Institute of Commonwealth Studies, University of London, October 9, London (organised by Crispin Bates, Andrea Major and Maria Kaladeen, ICS)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Project conference - 'Indentured Lives: Rethinking the Experience of Indian Overseas Labour Migration, 1800-1920' 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Project conference at the University of Edinburgh, School of History, Classics and Archaeology, 8th-9th September 2016 (organised by Prof Crispin Bates)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://indenturedlives.wordpress.com
 
Description Project conference - After Slavery: labour and migration in the post-emancipation world 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Project conference at University of Leeds 27-29 June 2016 (organised by Andrea Major)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Project conference - Becoming Indentured: Rethinking Labour Migration from India to the Sugar Colonies 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Project conference 27-28 March 2016 at Centre for the Study of Developing Societies (CSDS), New Delhi (organised by Ashutosh Kumar
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Public Readings of Diasporic Literature 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact 'Finding Ourselves: writers exploring the legacies of indenture'. Public Readings of Diasporic Literature, featuring Khal Torabully, Clem Seecharan, Gaiutra Bahadur, Jan Lowe Shinebourne, Institute of Commonwealth Studies, University of London, 9 October 2016, London. (co-organised with ICS).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Radio Free Berlin recording with Prof C Bates 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Featured on Radio Free Berlin on 13th February 2106 and on other dates.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.radio-on-berlin.com/?s=Torabully
 
Description Remembering Girmitiyas: A Photographic Exhibition, The Nehru Memorial Museum and Library, New Delhi, 24- 31 March 2017. 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact Remembering Girmitiyas: A Photographic Exhibition, The Nehru Memorial Museum and Library, New Delhi, 24- 31 March 2017. Curated by Dr. Ashutosh Kumar.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Schools Exhibition, Lordship Cafe, Tottenham, London on 14 July 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Schools Exhibition, Lordship Cafe, Tottenham, London on 14 July 2017
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Talk by Dr Ashutosh Kumar on 'Food and Health of Indentured Workers from India to the Sugar Colonies, 1830 - 1920', BASAS, Nottingham 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Talk by Dr Ashutosh Kumar on "Food and Health of Indentured Workers from India to the Sugar Colonies, 1830 - 1920", British Association for South Asian Studies (BASAS), annual conference, Nottingham, 19-21 April 2017
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description The Mauritian Indentured Labour Experience Exhibition 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Dr Marina Carter and Prof. Crispin Bates co-organised a small poster exhibition on 'The Mauritian Indentured Labour Experience' at Marcel & Sons (Elephant & Castle, London), which ran from 4th June-31st October 2015 and reached an audience of approximately 2,500. The most significant outcomes were requests for further participation/involvement, audience reported change in views/behaviours, and requests for further information.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description The Origins of Indian Overseas Labour migration and the role of intermediaries - seminar by Prof Crispin Bates 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Seminar given at the Graduate School of African and Asian Studies at Kyoto University on 18th January 2016
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description The South Asian Labour Diaspora: Networks and Intermediaries - Seminar by Prof Crispin Bates 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Seminar given at the Institute for the Study of Global Issues, Graduate School of Social Sciences, Hitosubashi University on 15th October 2016.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016