Continuing Bonds: Exploring the meaning and legacy of death through past and contemporary practice.

Lead Research Organisation: University of Bradford
Department Name: Sch of Life Sciences

Abstract

This project will examine a dialogue about death and dying between the clinical and historical disciplines. The aim of the project is two-fold: to demonstrate tangibly how archaeology can inform our current attitudes to death and dying, and thereby help shape policy and practice; and to explore the value of collaboration between health care professionals and archaeologists. The diverse methods of dealing with death and the dead uncovered by archaeologists will bring a different perspective to our current attitudes and therefore contribute towards a necessary re-examination of today's taboo status of death as an inevitable human experience.

Death is rarely discussed in everyday life mostly for fear of the emotions it raises. This has considerable consequences for individuals and families in decision-making in illness and frailty of old age. The fundamental hypothesis underpinning this work is that through introducing the topic of death through archaeological examples, discussions of death can become more commonplace, more emotionally detached and hopefully more familiar. Through bringing this topic back into the conversational realm, many fears can be alleviated and practicalities and preferences can be discussed.

Through creating a compendium of insights into death through time, particularly the fundamental resonance of bereavement, loss and commemoration, the project will shape thinking on how contemporary practice and historical perspectives can be mutually informed. It offers a more enlightened approach to a fundamental and inevitable moment in our human lives.

The project will test out this approach with both lay audiences and with students and professionals in health, social and spiritual care, including nursing students, spiritual care practitioners, counsellors, and medical students. It will seek to use materials to prompt reflection and examination of participants' own familial and cultural approaches to death, commemoration and continuing bonds with those that have died. It will also draw on the past to explore the concept of ancestors, and how this relates to contemporary considerations of legacy, continuing bonds, and the prospect of ourselves as ancestors of future generations. This will be achieved through a series of thematic workshops with the stakeholder groups and an action research approach, with each workshop informing future workshops, as well as working towards an exhibition intended for the public. Stakeholder workshops will run in conjunction with two 'Dying Awareness Week' events on the theme of Continuing Bonds, which will include a public audience, and will be the primary dissemination event for exhibition materials.

Towards the close of the project, an exploratory workshop will be held with secondary teachers, to assess the viability of introducing material into schools as part of a 'Death Education', with this the focus of work beyond the current project.
The project will provide a foundation for further interdisciplinary approaches to fundamental issues of life and death, demonstrating how disciplines which are apparently diverse can aid, inform, and mutually benefit from each other.

This project builds on an existing programme of research undertaken by the PI and CoIs, which has developed networks between archaeology and healthcare, and explored the ideas raised here with stakeholders, including palliative nurses, spiritual care practitioners, and academics in health care, receiving overwhelming support for project development. A successful pilot workshop has also taken place, organised by CoI(1) during Dying Awareness Week (May 2014), where the PI delivered a keynote lecture. The networks and support for this research are in place and growing, creating an exciting and new interdisciplinary approach to attitudes to death, dying, legacy, and memory, and a tangible demonstration of the impact of humanities research.

Planned Impact

Who will benefit from this research?

1) Public sector groups, including health-care professionals, spiritual care practitioners, counsellors and teachers
2) The Dying Matters coalition
3) Policy-making bodies around NHS and care settings
4) Wider public

How will they benefit from this research?

1) The project will inform the practice of nurses and other healthcare professionals in their work with dying patients and their families, improving confidence though an increased understanding of historical and cultural approaches to death, legacy and memory. Previous research has demonstrated the utility of narratives in enabling healthcare professionals to contextualise grief and loss. Our hypothesis is that an increased understanding of historical and cultural approaches to death, legacy and memory through facilitating exploration and discussion of dying, death, mortuary rituals will help practitioners examine their own attitudes and current practices. This in turn will lead to improved confidence, courage and thereby compassionate care of the dying and their families (DH 2012). A longer term impact will be on secondary teachers: during the final phase of the project, an exploratory meeting will assess the value of the project in working towards a 'Death Education'.

2) The Dying Matters Coalition, who strive to "help people talk more openly about dying, death and bereavement, and to make plans for the end of life" (Dying.Matters, 2013), will benefit through the provision of a new and innovative approach to dealing with death, desperately called for by researchers and policy-makers alike (Moon, 2010, DH, 2008, Cox et al., 2013). The establishment of dialogue and discussion about current issues surrounding death are often accompanied by strong emotions and polarised debate; research that informs this discussion using historical narratives based on archaeological findings will provide additional tools to contribute perspective to the discussion.

3) Changes in our stakeholder groups have the potential to inform future policy and planning in terms of treatment of our dying and dead, particularly around teaching medical and nursing professionals, as well as around hospital, hospice, care home and community settings. We anticipate that changes in attitudes will inform policy, planning and practice.

4) The project will contribute to an attitude change towards death and a breakdown of the current taboo of death as a subject, potentially allowing discussion of the topic in a more objective and less emotive way thus enabling people to think about their own death, legacy and bonds with their ancestors, both past and future, through participation in our Continuing Bonds workshops, accessing our project website, and through dissemination events, such as Death Café and Café Scientifique events. This has the potential for broader impact on issues of wellbeing, enabling both better deaths and better life (SGHD 2008). It will also provide new material for public talks and lectures, providing cultural enrichment for those interested in our human past.

References:
Cox, K., Bird, L., Arthur, A., Kennedy, S., Pollock, K., Kumar, A., Stanton, W. & Seymour, J. 2013. Public attitudes to death and dying in the UK: a review of published literature. BMJ Support Palliat Care, 3, 37-45.
DH 2008. End of life care strategy: promoting high quality care for all adults at the end of life. London: Department of Health.
Moon, P. J. 2010. Pedagogy of mortality: a concept in progress. Journal of Loss & Trauma, 15, 325-338.
SGHD: Scottish Government Health Directorates, 2008. Living and Dying Well: a national action plan for palliative and end of life care in Scotland. Edinburgh: SGHD.
 
Title Continuing Bonds Dying Matters Week Exhibition, Leicester Cathedral 
Description Exhibition compiled by Lindsey Büster, Christina Faull and the Continuing Bonds team as part of Dying Matters Awareness week. The exhibition featured materials from the project as well as prompts for audience responses. 
Type Of Art Artistic/Creative Exhibition 
Year Produced 2017 
Impact Members of the public engaged with the exhibition through writing of 'Post-it' notes within the exhibition, as well as through social media using #continuingbonds. The exhibition has since been requested for display at Kettering Hospital. 
 
Title Continuing Bonds Dying Matters Week Online Exhibition 
Description An online version of a physical exhibition displayed at Leicester Cathedral. Compiled by Lindsey Büster, Christina Faull and project team, and supported by University of Bradford placement student, Haaroon Ahmed. 
Type Of Art Artistic/Creative Exhibition 
Year Produced 2017 
Impact Increased public awareness of project and engagement with the Dying Matters Awareness Week agenda. 
URL https://continuingbonds.live/online-exhibition/
 
Title Continuing Bonds Dying Matters week exhibition 
Description A portable exhibition based on project materials, aimed at prompting discussion around death and dying as part of Dying Matters Awareness week. Presented at 'Let's Talk Death' events in Bradford at the University of Bradford, Marie Curie Hospice Bradford, Sunbridge Wells, Speakers Corner and The Life Centre. Compiled by Lindsey Büster. Supported by University of Bradford placement student Haaroon Ahmed. 
Type Of Art Artistic/Creative Exhibition 
Year Produced 2017 
Impact Public engagement with members of the public around the topics of death and dying, as well as increased awareness of project. 
 
Title Continuing Bonds artwork 
Description A collaborative piece of artwork featuring the hand prints of our workshop participants. As with their participation in the workshops, their handprints are both highly personal and individual, while also being anonymous. The artwork recalls some of the earliest archaeological artworks seen in cave paintings. Designed and led by Lindsey Büster. 
Type Of Art Artwork 
Year Produced 2016 
Impact The artwork is valuable in providing a transition activity at the end of our workshops, which deal with death and dying. As well as producing a creative piece of artwork, the role of participating is valuable - leaving a permanent imprint of engagement with the project. As well as being both personal and anonymous, and recalling ancient cave paintings, the art work also speaks to the common use of the motif of a hand in palliative care work. 
 
Title Workshop laminates 
Description Laminates. Images of archaeological and ethnographic materials are drawn together to create a resource. Compiled by Lindsey Büster. 
Type Of Art Image 
Year Produced 2016 
Impact We are monitoring long-term impact. The laminates are one of the main tools used during our workshops which aim to change values, attitudes and beliefs around death and dying. 
 
Description The project has just entered its final phase, which deals with analysis and evaluation. Our results are therefore still preliminary at this current time. Key findings so far include that of the respondents to our evaluation survey: 94% agreed that archaeological materials can be used to facilitate discussions about death, dying, bereavement and loss, or training in this area; 83% agreed that the workshops made them think about death, dying and bereavement in different ways; and 57% agreed that the workshops will impact how they approach death, dying and bereavement in their professional practice. These results are immediately post-workshop. Results of surveys taken 1-3 months after workshop participation will assess how this valuable this has been longer term (analysis is ongoing).
Exploitation Route Heath and social care professionals and students: Our evidence suggests that workshop participants will think differently about death dying and bereavement as a result of the workshops, impacting on both their personal and professional lives. A change has taken place around expectations of what is considered to be the 'right' or 'normal' way to treat the dead, with perceptions and biases challenged through exposure to the diverse nature of practices from archaeological and ethnographic sources. Furthermore, our results suggest that confidence levels around talking about death and dying are improved for those who were not confident at the outset. The Dying Matter Coalition: our approach has demonstrated that there is value in using archaeology to encourage discussion around death and dying, so helping the agenda to encourage more people to discuss their thoughts, wishes and plans ahead of the last phases of life. In particular, our public engagement activities have received positive feedback around willingness to discuss death. We anticipate that for policy-making bodies and educators, changes in attitudes will inform future policy, planning and practice. For academic audiences, other archaeologists are interested in our findings around the use of archaeology with different audiences, particularly around health and social care areas. We are also contributing towards understanding of interdisciplinary research, through the integration of archaeology, nursing, palliative medicine, and psychology - we anticipate that our findings around such a diverse multi disciplinary team will inform future research projects.
Sectors Education,Healthcare,Leisure Activities, including Sports, Recreation and Tourism,Culture, Heritage, Museums and Collections

URL http://www.continuingbonds.live
 
Description Our immediate audience is a non-academic one, as our workshop participants are health and social care professionals and students. Changes in attitudes and understandings have been brought about through our workshops and we are beginning to gather evidence for subsequent changes in personal opinion and professional practice. Through time, we hope that this will also impact on policy and planning. Our research has also involved engagement events and meetings with educators: a workshop with participants at the National Association for Palliative Care Educators conference gained support for the potential use of project ideas for palliative care education; preliminary meetings and work with secondary schools is investigating whether our resources have the potential to inform a 'death education' in schools and build resilience in young people. Members of the public have been engaged in our Dying Matters Week exhibitions and events, and some have reported later that involvement had led to immediate conversations at home and in the workplace around death and dying, helping to normalise discussions around these problematic topics.
First Year Of Impact 2017
Sector Healthcare,Culture, Heritage, Museums and Collections
Impact Types Cultural,Societal,Policy & public services

 
Description Continued professional development: running of a project work for CRUSE Bereavement Support (Skipton)
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact Eleven out of 28 participants reported that the workshop had made them feel more confident in talking about death, dying and bereavement (DDB), and the same number reported that it had impacted the way they would approach DDB in the future. 26/28 said they would recommend the workshop to a colleague.
 
Description Continued professional development: running of two project workshops for Wakefield Hospice
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact For most participants there was a perceived value in terms of Continued Professional Development, with 14/21 saying they would recommend the workshop to a colleague. However, this was our least successful in terms of chanced confidence levels for participants, something we are investigating further.
 
Description Running workshop as part of CPD for Bradford Bereavement Service
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact Influenced the training of bereavement counsellors. Participants reported an immediate change in their attitudes, values and beliefs around death - long term change is yet to be quantified.
 
Description COLLABORATION, CAPACITY AND IP DEVELOPMENT GRANTS: CAPACITY DEVELOPMENT. Death, Bereavement and Loss Resources for Young People
Amount £19,819 (GBP)
Organisation University of Bradford 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2018 
End 06/2018
 
Description Museum and Universities Partnership Initiative project - led by Lindsey Büster
Amount £800 (GBP)
Organisation Arts Council England 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 05/2017 
End 01/2018
 
Description Co-production 
Organisation Bradford Bereavement Support
PI Contribution A collaboration which explores the potential use of Continuing Bonds resources for school groups.
Collaborator Contribution University of Bradford, staff time (PI, CoI and postdoctoral support); MYMUP, working on developing the resources; Speakers' Corner Bradford, local community group working with us on community involvement of young people; Bradford Bereavement Services and Child Bereavement UK, working on bereavement support and resilience-building in our project.
Impact The project has only just begun so outcomes are yet to come to fruition.
Start Year 2018
 
Description Co-production 
Organisation Child Bereavement UK
PI Contribution A collaboration which explores the potential use of Continuing Bonds resources for school groups.
Collaborator Contribution University of Bradford, staff time (PI, CoI and postdoctoral support); MYMUP, working on developing the resources; Speakers' Corner Bradford, local community group working with us on community involvement of young people; Bradford Bereavement Services and Child Bereavement UK, working on bereavement support and resilience-building in our project.
Impact The project has only just begun so outcomes are yet to come to fruition.
Start Year 2018
 
Description Co-production 
Organisation Speakers Corner Bradford
PI Contribution A collaboration which explores the potential use of Continuing Bonds resources for school groups.
Collaborator Contribution University of Bradford, staff time (PI, CoI and postdoctoral support); MYMUP, working on developing the resources; Speakers' Corner Bradford, local community group working with us on community involvement of young people; Bradford Bereavement Services and Child Bereavement UK, working on bereavement support and resilience-building in our project.
Impact The project has only just begun so outcomes are yet to come to fruition.
Start Year 2018
 
Description Co-production 
Organisation University of Bradford
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution A collaboration which explores the potential use of Continuing Bonds resources for school groups.
Collaborator Contribution University of Bradford, staff time (PI, CoI and postdoctoral support); MYMUP, working on developing the resources; Speakers' Corner Bradford, local community group working with us on community involvement of young people; Bradford Bereavement Services and Child Bereavement UK, working on bereavement support and resilience-building in our project.
Impact The project has only just begun so outcomes are yet to come to fruition.
Start Year 2018
 
Description Co-production 
Organisation University of Wolverhampton
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution A collaboration which explores the potential use of Continuing Bonds resources for school groups.
Collaborator Contribution University of Bradford, staff time (PI, CoI and postdoctoral support); MYMUP, working on developing the resources; Speakers' Corner Bradford, local community group working with us on community involvement of young people; Bradford Bereavement Services and Child Bereavement UK, working on bereavement support and resilience-building in our project.
Impact The project has only just begun so outcomes are yet to come to fruition.
Start Year 2018
 
Description Death, Dying and Bereavement: Past, Present and Future (Museum and Universities Partnership Initiative project) 
Organisation Bradford Metropolitan District Council
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Project led by Lindsey Büster. Contributed project leadership and organisation, time in kind, as well as room hire and refreshments for project meeting.
Collaborator Contribution Time contributed by project partners: Leeds Museums and Galleries, University of York, York Minster and Bradford Museums and Galleries. Room hire and refreshments provided by York Minster
Impact Three collaborative meetings, research network established, webpage (https://ddbyorkshire.wordpress.com), project report, attendance at MUPI closing conference in Birmingham (02-02-2018)
Start Year 2017
 
Description Death, Dying and Bereavement: Past, Present and Future (Museum and Universities Partnership Initiative project) 
Organisation Leeds Museums and Galleries
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Project led by Lindsey Büster. Contributed project leadership and organisation, time in kind, as well as room hire and refreshments for project meeting.
Collaborator Contribution Time contributed by project partners: Leeds Museums and Galleries, University of York, York Minster and Bradford Museums and Galleries. Room hire and refreshments provided by York Minster
Impact Three collaborative meetings, research network established, webpage (https://ddbyorkshire.wordpress.com), project report, attendance at MUPI closing conference in Birmingham (02-02-2018)
Start Year 2017
 
Description Death, Dying and Bereavement: Past, Present and Future (Museum and Universities Partnership Initiative project) 
Organisation University of York
Department Institute for the Public Understanding of the Past
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Project led by Lindsey Büster. Contributed project leadership and organisation, time in kind, as well as room hire and refreshments for project meeting.
Collaborator Contribution Time contributed by project partners: Leeds Museums and Galleries, University of York, York Minster and Bradford Museums and Galleries. Room hire and refreshments provided by York Minster
Impact Three collaborative meetings, research network established, webpage (https://ddbyorkshire.wordpress.com), project report, attendance at MUPI closing conference in Birmingham (02-02-2018)
Start Year 2017
 
Description Death, Dying and Bereavement: Past, Present and Future (Museum and Universities Partnership Initiative project) 
Organisation York Army Museum
PI Contribution Project led by Lindsey Büster. Contributed project leadership and organisation, time in kind, as well as room hire and refreshments for project meeting.
Collaborator Contribution Time contributed by project partners: Leeds Museums and Galleries, University of York, York Minster and Bradford Museums and Galleries. Room hire and refreshments provided by York Minster
Impact Three collaborative meetings, research network established, webpage (https://ddbyorkshire.wordpress.com), project report, attendance at MUPI closing conference in Birmingham (02-02-2018)
Start Year 2017
 
Description Death, Dying and Bereavement: Past, Present and Future (Museum and Universities Partnership Initiative project) 
Organisation York Cemetery Trust
PI Contribution Project led by Lindsey Büster. Contributed project leadership and organisation, time in kind, as well as room hire and refreshments for project meeting.
Collaborator Contribution Time contributed by project partners: Leeds Museums and Galleries, University of York, York Minster and Bradford Museums and Galleries. Room hire and refreshments provided by York Minster
Impact Three collaborative meetings, research network established, webpage (https://ddbyorkshire.wordpress.com), project report, attendance at MUPI closing conference in Birmingham (02-02-2018)
Start Year 2017
 
Description Death, Dying and Bereavement: Past, Present and Future (Museum and Universities Partnership Initiative project) 
Organisation York Minster
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Project led by Lindsey Büster. Contributed project leadership and organisation, time in kind, as well as room hire and refreshments for project meeting.
Collaborator Contribution Time contributed by project partners: Leeds Museums and Galleries, University of York, York Minster and Bradford Museums and Galleries. Room hire and refreshments provided by York Minster
Impact Three collaborative meetings, research network established, webpage (https://ddbyorkshire.wordpress.com), project report, attendance at MUPI closing conference in Birmingham (02-02-2018)
Start Year 2017
 
Description Grave Goods project 
Organisation University of Manchester
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Collaboration with the AHRC Grave Goods project - two joint conference papers delivered. Planning for future research.
Collaborator Contribution Collaboration with the AHRC Grave Goods project - two joint conference papers delivered. Planning for future research.
Impact Conference papers at: Death, Dying and Bereavement in the 21st Century Conference; Theoretical Archaeology Group Conference
Start Year 2016
 
Description Grave Goods project 
Organisation University of Reading
Department Institute for Environmental Analytics
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Collaboration with the AHRC Grave Goods project - two joint conference papers delivered. Planning for future research.
Collaborator Contribution Collaboration with the AHRC Grave Goods project - two joint conference papers delivered. Planning for future research.
Impact Conference papers at: Death, Dying and Bereavement in the 21st Century Conference; Theoretical Archaeology Group Conference
Start Year 2016
 
Description 'i' newspaper / The Independent 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Article written by Lindsey Büster and Jennifer Dayes, entitled 'Can the Victorians teach us how to talk about death?' in I Newspaper run by The Independent (Thursday 17th August 2017, p. 31). International readership.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.independent.co.uk/life-style/health-and-families/death-rites-of-the-past-grieving-bereave...
 
Description Annual Bereavement Conference - Bereavement Support: Striving for Excellence 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Paper delivered by Laura Green to over 200 delegates at the Bradford Bereavement Conference.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.bradfordhospitals.nhs.uk/book-your-place-at-bereavement-conference
 
Description Archaeology and Creative Writing Workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact A workshop run by Karina Croucher, Melanie Giles and Kath Mackay, and supported by Lindsey Büster. This workshop followed involvement with the ARHC Crossing Over Network. The workshop took place in Hull with members of the public. Participants reported a change in understanding of objects and the dead and their role in inspiring creative writing. Also a forum for talking about death and dying, prompted through the engagement with archaeological objects.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description BBC Radio interview 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact 10 minute radio interview for BCB about the project
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Bradford Community Broadcast - Drive Time Show 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Radio discussion with Lindsey Büster and Karina Croucher during Dying Matter Awareness Week 2017.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Continuing Bonds Blog 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Dreaming, death and legacy. Blog written by Jennifer Dayes, Dec 2016. Encouraged social media engagement, including Twitter.
Death and Culture Conference - thoughts and observations, written by Karina Croucher Sept 2016, raising profile for the project.
Continuing Bonds or why David Bowie and archaeology have more in common than we think Blog written by Lindsey Buster, Sept 2016, raising profile, with social media engagement, leading to enquires.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://continuingbonds.live/blog/
 
Description Continuing Bonds Dying Matters Week Public Workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact A version of our Continuing Bonds workshop delivered to members of the public during Dying Matters Awareness Week.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Continuing Bonds Newsletter 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Newsletter to participants with project updates, compiled by Christina Faull
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://continuingbonds.live/workshops/
 
Description Continuing Bonds Website 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Project website to provide project information. Developed by Lindsey Buster and Jennie Dayes
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016,2017
URL http://www.continuingbonds.live
 
Description Continuing Bonds: Bradford Community Broadcast, Drive Time Show 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Interview during Dying Matters Awareness Week. Broadcast on local radio. Project approached afterwards by potential participants and interested members of the public.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014,2017
 
Description DMU Newsletter. Recruitment Article 1. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact Article published in DeMontfort University's newsletter. Some participation enquiries following publication.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description DMU Newsletter. Recruitment Article 2. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact Article published in DeMontfort University's newsletter. Some participation enquiries following publication.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Disillusionent with the Tourist blog post 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact A blog post written by Jennifer Dayes: Disillusionent with the Tourist
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://continuingbonds.live/blog/
 
Description Funeral Zone Blog Post 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Blog post written by Jess Hanson following an interview with Lindsey Büster
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.funeralzone.co.uk/blog/continuing-bonds
 
Description Funeral Zone Blog Post 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Blog post by Lindsey Büster entitled: Past and present: 10 funeral rituals remembering the dead
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.funeralzone.co.uk/blog/continuing-bonds
 
Description Guest Blog for the Remember Me project 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact A blog post written by Lindsey Büster: Enrgaving as Epitaph? Memorialising the Dead at the Sculptor's Cave, north-east Scotland.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://remembermeproject.wordpress.com/2017/06/06/engraving-as-epitaph-memorialising-the-dead-at-th...
 
Description Interview / dedicated radio programme with Bradford Community Radio for Dying Matters Week 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Dedicated programme on BCB Radio highlighting the project in the context of Dying Matters Awareness Week. Programme led by Carole Moss.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description LOROS Hospice Research Newsletter 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Patients, carers and/or patient groups
Results and Impact Article by Christina Faull on 'Continuing Bonds and Dying Matters Awareness Week 8th-14th May', in LOROS Research News (June 2017): 7. Aimed at patients and families, as well as professional and volunteer organisers.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Let's Talk Death 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Presentations delivered at Bradford's 'Let's Talk Death' events as part of Dying Matters Awareness week. Sparked discussion on the day and follow up emails from participants to our project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015,2016
 
Description Let's Talk Death - Death Cafes, Dying Matters Awareness Week 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact A series of Death Cafes run by Laura Middleton-Green and the Let's Talk Death group at the University of Bradford and Marie Curie Hospice. Participants felt motivated to continue the conversations prompted in the Death Cafes
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description MCN Education event 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation at The Bradford, Airedale, Wharfedale & Craven Palliative Care Managed Clinical Network, Education Event 7th December 2016, held at Marie Curie Centre, Bradford. The presentation primarily reached practitioners and highlighted our research, with an aim to also informing future workshop participants
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Museum University Partnerships Initative 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact This event is designed to bring universities (academics) and museums (heritage professionals) together to foster partnerships and collaborations which bring the results of cutting edge research projects to wider audiences and thus increase the impact and research of the former. In the case of Continuing Bonds, we were keen to foster links with regional museums in utilising their collections in the creation of bespoke temporary exhibitions which address issues surrounding death, dying and bereavement in the past and in contemporary society. Such exhibitions would prove particularly pertinent during national events such as Dying Matters Awareness week, held each May.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.publicengagement.ac.uk/work-with-us/current-projects/museum-university-partnerships-init...
 
Description National Association of Palliative Care Educators Annual Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Running of two workshops for palliative care educators, gaining feedback on the value of our research and using archaeological materials to discuss death, dying and bereavement to palliative educators. Run by Karina Croucher and Laura Green.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description The Conversation Article 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Online article in The Conversation, entitled 'What we can learn from death rites of the past will help us treat the dead and grieving better today'. Written by Lindsey Büster and Jennifer Dayes. International readership.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://theconversation.com/what-we-can-learn-from-death-rites-of-the-past-will-help-us-treat-the-de...
 
Description WOW Death Cafe 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Death Cafe during WOW (Women of the World) Festival, Bradford. Feedback was extremely positive, with participants stating how much they had gained from the conversations and how it would impact on their lives through their discussions at home and with families/friends/colleagues.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Workshop at Leeds Bereavement Forum Conference, Thackray Medical Museum, Leeds 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A project workshop delivered to a new audience of bereavement professionals and volunteers. Part of engagement events at a regional level, aimed at reaching new audiences.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description ehospice article - Dayes, J. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Continuing Bonds: Archaeology meets End-Of-Life Care article in online resource, ehospice. Contact made with interested researchers in the UK and beyond, including a potential visit from a contact in Denmark.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.ehospice.com/ArticleView/tabid/10686/ArticleId/21175/language/en-GB/Default.aspx