SIBA: Stone interchanges in the Bahama archipelago

Lead Research Organisation: University of Oxford
Department Name: School of Archaeology

Abstract

Stone tools are the hallmark of prehistoric settlements around the world: in the Caribbean, as elsewhere, they were essential for basic tasks (e.g., food processing, wood carving) and also fulfilled roles as prestige objects. Being entirely limestone islands, the vast Bahama (Lucayan) archipelago-comprising over 720 islands-is unique in the Caribbean in entirely lacking hard stone (flint, basalt, jadeitite). Was this lack of such a critical resource a contributing factor in their late settlement post-AD 600, despite being surrounded by islands with occupation going back millennia? And once settled, how was access to hard stone achieved, and what does this tell us about people's abilities to adapt to challenging environments?

Project SIBA ('stone' in Classic Taino dialect) aims to answer these questions by bringing together a multi-disciplinary group of leading researchers in a comprehensive study of the largest corpus of Lucayan stone artefacts ever assembled: >300 'exotics' held in 8 international museums. Our aim is to characterise the regional social networks that bound the Lucayan archipelago to the wider Caribbean region, and potentially to the continental mainland, and so provide an understanding of the creation and maintenance of indigenous exchange networks, and their concomitant economic, cultural and socio-political impacts. One direct means of exploring these issues is through the study of the imported material culture itself, including identifying each artefact's provenance through its diagnostic chemical and isotope 'signature' via state-of-the-art geochemical techniques. Distinctive iconography is a complementary means of 'sourcing' artefacts; conversely, the absence of convincing stylistic and petrological comparanda from neighbouring regions would imply the local reworking of stone in the creation of a distinctive Lucayan cannon, expanding understanding of local carving styles, which are themselves poorly known. The project remit works both at the micro- and macro-scale to explore the connections between people and the stones they worked, traded and valued. It aims to better understand resilience and sustainability in resource-poor island contexts, and to question the core-periphery relations that have dominated discourse in Bahamian archaeology.

Often seen both geographically and culturally as peripheral to the large-scale cacicazgos (chiefdoms) of the Greater Antilles, the Bahamas/TCI were initially (~AD 600) used as seasonal outposts by groups from Hispaniola and Cuba, to harvest the rich marine and salt resources. Permanent villages were only established around AD 1000. Initially, access to igneous or metamorphic stone was not an issue, because seasonal groups must have transported such basic necessities with them. Once permanent settlements were established, settlers likely maintained contact with their homeland for a variety of reasons, access to stone materials among them. Later, when independent polities emerged, an exchange network must have been established, with stone exotics imported not solely as necessities, but as valuables and high status goods used to differentiate the emerging Lucayan cacical (chiefly) hierarchies. Would these exchanges have echoed the original sources of the migrating group, or would the Lucayans have sought more far flung connections to emphasise their growing independence?

Working in collaboration with 8 project partner institutions, including the National Museums of both the Bahamas and Turks and Caicos Islands, the project will provide the first comprehensive regional overview of stone interchanges within the Lucayan archipelago, integrating the region into Caribbean-wide discourse on exchange and interaction, and significantly augmenting artefact information, and so enhancing museums' abilities to display and interpret their collections to diverse audiences. The results will contribute directly to planned museum exhibits, workshops and educational outreach.

Planned Impact

Project benefits and beneficiaries range across a wide range of areas and remits:

1/Harnessing the potential of underutilised museum collections
Stone artefacts, such as celts, are among the most common artefacts in museum collections, whether from the Caribbean or Europe. Often recovered as surface finds-hence with little stratigraphic or contextual information-they frequently languish in museum shelves, sometimes dozens to a box, with at best cursory information when displayed at all. Yet there is great potential for these collections to contribute invaluable data to debates of past interactions/exchanges and value systems, through an engagement with their materiality (manufacture, style, material properties, etc.). Now, with the emergence of non-invasive techniques that can inform on provenance histories, the data collected can enhance museum records and displays, directly benefitting visitors, curators and researchers, while ensuring the best care for the artefacts. The research highlights the benefit of long-term museum care and storage of cultural patrimony, most especially of objects whose value is not immediately apparent due to the paucity of associated information. Bringing these little known collections to wider attention by utilising their inherent research potential goes some way to justify the investment of care that continues to go into their safe keeping, underscoring collections management, and enhancing institutional documentation and interpretation.

2/Making museum collections accessible to diverse audiences
Web and museum-based exhibits are planned project outputs, with workshops and associated outreach activities aimed at a range of audiences-from school groups/college students to the general public. Institutions within both the Bahamas (Antiques, Monuments and Museums Corporation [AMMC], Gerace Research Centre, College of The Bahamas) and Turks and Caicos (Turks and Caicos National Museum [TCNM]) have expressed particular interest in making the results accessible to their diverse audiences-both local and international. This will have a variety of impacts-from exhibits in the 'out' islands and using local collections to enhance school curriculums to contributing to more informed tourism (economically critical to the Bahamas/TCI).

3/Building collaborative links (multi-institutional, cross-disciplinary)
The project develops collaborative networks between colleagues in diverse international venues, including eight museums (four of which are national museums: TCNM, AMMC, National Museum of the American Indian, and National Museum of Natural History), and two academic institutions (Vrije Universiteit, Netherlands; Universidad de Granada, Spain). The project partner museums and cultural organisations are the direct stakeholders in the project, and through them, their local, target audiences as well as the wider international community, including academic as well as public sector beneficiaries (e.g., Caribbeanists, archaeologists, Bahamian/TCI diaspora). Working in collaboration with these various stakeholders bridges different sectors and their remits, enhancing information across regional boundaries and disciplines.

4/The value of cultural heritage (policy and practice)
The project has the full support of the AMMC and TCNM (both project partners in the study), who advise their governments on archaeological and cultural heritage management and protection. Raising wider public awareness of these artefacts, and through them, of the Lucayan past, works to enforce the importance of local Bah/TCI heritage, which in turn, can impact on future public policy and legislation for cultural resource management. There is a need to do this, as indigenous heritage is not as prominent, and perhaps not as valued, as aspects of the historic, colonial past - and tourist industry development on the islands has had a history of destroying archaeological sites largely unimpeded.

Publications

10 25 50
 
Title Illustrations for educational package 
Description Illustrations depicting specific aspects of Lucayan life, as informed by the results of the SIBA project as well as the wider archaeology of the Lucayan region (The Bahamas/Turks and Caicos Islands), have been commissioned for inclusion in the project's educational output - including school packs and posters. 
Type Of Art Artwork 
Year Produced 2019 
Impact As part of the project's educational initiative, the illustrations will enhance the information made available to island schools - through posters, information packages and web content (through the SIBA project web pages). In collaboration with the National Museums of The Bahamas and Turks and Caicos Islands, over 220 schools will be targeted. 
 
Title SIBA Illustrations featured in Turks and Caicos National Museum exhibition 
Description Illustrations commissioned as part of the SIBA education package are featured in the permanent gallery space dedicated to the Lucayans. 
Type Of Art Artistic/Creative Exhibition 
Year Produced 2019 
Impact Based on the latest research into the Lucayan past, the commissioned illustrations provide a fresh, insightful and engaging way in which a wide audience (from school kids to the general public to academics) can explore island prehistory. The images are featured in a display panel discussing Lucayan trade networks, and contextualise some of the artefacts on display in the gallery. 
URL https://www.tcmuseum.org/culture-history/lucayans/
 
Description The results of the project (anticipated 2020) will directly inform a wide variety of sectors - from cultural (museums, and their audiences) to educational (inform on school curriculums). Meetings with the direct stakeholders - the national museums of the Bahamas and Turks and Caicos Islands as well as representative from the Bahamas Ministry of Education - were held in Nassau, Bahamas in August 2017, in order to establish a schedule for the educational element central to the project's outreach aims. Two further workshops were held in August 2018 and January 2020, which further refined and clarified the content of the educational pack. Over the course of 2019, illustrator briefs for 10 images, commissioned from the artist Merald Clark, were circulated to a panel of stakeholders (the AMMC, TCNM, The Bahamas Ministry of Education) and regional archaeology experts; the feedback was unanimously positive. The project dissemination focuses on posters and detailed teachers packages, which will be sent to 220 schools across The Bahamas and Turks and Caicos; in this way, SIBA results will feed directly into the development of the new curriculum, and will provide teachers with the resources to teach modules on the regions' early inhabitants. Further, display panels featuring the new artwork will be provided to the smaller, local museums spanning the archipelago, facilitating a practical and economic way of refreshing the content.
First Year Of Impact 2020
Sector Education,Culture, Heritage, Museums and Collections
Impact Types Cultural,Societal,Policy & public services

 
Description ESRC IAA Strategic Impact Capacity Building Fund
Amount £2,000 (GBP)
Funding ID ESRC IAA Strategic Impact Capacity Building Fund 
Organisation University of Oxford 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 08/2018 
End 03/2019
 
Title SIBA: Photographic inventories of museum collections 
Description Extensive photographic inventories were taken during each museum research visit, not only to provide a clear artefact record for the purposes of the research project (from entire artefact documentation to details such as carving scars, resin/adhesive remains, pitch staining, etc.), but to provide as detailed a record of the condition of the artefacts for the museums involved. The project generated over 20,000 images, with up to 6 views of each study artefact. Composite artefact images showing multiple views of each artefact have been, or are in the process of being (as of March 2020), forwarded to the participating museums. Where applicable, these are to be featured on the institution's web pages, and as part of their database inventories and collection documentation. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2020 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact The photographic inventories serve both to document the condition of each artefact (and as such are relevant to the artefact's history files), as well as a visual record for the purposes of database inventories (which, in some museums, are not yet fully established). As such, sharing these visual records with the museums involved has immediate and future impact for their collection documentation aims. 
 
Description Antiques Monuments and Museum Corporation, Nassau, New Providence, Bahamas 
Organisation Antiquities Monuments and Museums Corporation
Country Bahamas 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution The project's study of the pre-Columbian stone artefacts in the collections of the AMMC provides detailed information to the museum for their long-term records - from extensive photography to thorough material identification (via laser ablation and, for selected artefacts, EPMA/SEM). Together with the artefact studies completed on the collections of other project partner institutions, the results collectively build a detailed picture of the networks that bound the Lucayan archipelago to the wider Caribbean region - benefitting all partners in their interpretation of their collections for their visiting public.
Collaborator Contribution The AMMC enabled access to relevant collections for the project team, providing a dedicated work space for the study, the support of their staff in finding artefacts in the museum store, and permissions to analyse the selected artefacts with various techniques.
Impact Anticipated: integration of results into displays, catalogues and web pages; curriculum education packages and school posters; national and international publications
Start Year 2017
 
Description Gerace Research Center, San Salvador, Bahamas 
Organisation Gerace Research Center
Country Bahamas 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution The project's study of the pre-Columbian stone artefacts in the collections of the Gerace Research Center provides detailed information to the Center for its long-term records - from extensive photography to thorough material identification (via pXRF, laser ablation and, for selected artefacts, EPMA/SEM). Together with the artefact studies completed on the collections of other project partner institutions, the results collectively build a detailed picture of the networks that bound the Lucayan archipelago to the wider Caribbean region - benefitting all partners in their interpretation of their collections for their visiting public.
Collaborator Contribution The GRC supported a visit of Bahamian archaeologists Drs. Mary Jane Berman and Perry Gnivecki, to select and then courier relevant artefacts from the GRC on San Salvador to the AMMC in Nassau, New Providence for the study.
Impact Anticipated: integration of results into displays and web pages; national and international publications
Start Year 2017
 
Description National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC, USA 
Organisation National Museum of Natural History
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The project's study of the pre-Columbian stone artefacts in the collections of the NMNH provides detailed information to the museum for their long-term records - from extensive photography to thorough material identification (via pXRF, laser ablation and, for selected artefacts, EPMA/SEM). Together with the artefact studies completed on the collections of other project partner institutions, the results collectively build a detailed picture of the networks that bound the Lucayan archipelago to the wider Caribbean region - benefitting all partners in their interpretation of their collections for their visiting public.
Collaborator Contribution The NMNH enabled access to relevant collections for the project team, providing a dedicated work space for the study, the support of their staff in taking pieces out of storage or off display, and permissions to analyse the selected artefacts with various techniques.
Impact Anticipated: integration of results into displays, catalogues and web pages; national and international publications
Start Year 2017
 
Description National Museum of the American Indian, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC, USA 
Organisation Smithsonian Institution
Department National Museum of the American Indian
Country United States 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution The project's study of the pre-Columbian stone artefacts in the collections of the NMAI provides detailed information to the museum for their long-term records - from extensive photography to thorough material identification (via pXRF, laser ablation and, for selected artefacts, EPMA/SEM). Together with the artefact studies completed on the collections of other project partner institutions, the results collectively build a detailed picture of the networks that bound the Lucayan archipelago to the wider Caribbean region - benefitting all partners in their interpretation of their collections for their visiting public.
Collaborator Contribution The NMAI enabled access to relevant collections for the project team, providing a dedicated work space for the study, the support of their staff in taking pieces out of storage or off display, and permissions to analyse the selected artefacts with various techniques.
Impact Anticipated: integration of results into displays, catalogues and web pages; national and international publications
Start Year 2017
 
Description Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University, Cambridge, USA 
Organisation Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology
Country United States 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution The project's study of the pre-Columbian stone artefacts in the collections of the PMAE provides detailed information to the museum for their long-term records - from extensive photography to thorough material identification (via pXRF, laser ablation and, for selected artefacts, EPMA/SEM). Together with the artefact studies completed on the collections of other project partner institutions, the results collectively build a detailed picture of the networks that bound the Lucayan archipelago to the wider Caribbean region - benefitting all partners in their interpretation of their collections for their visiting public.
Collaborator Contribution The PMAE enabled access to relevant collections for the project team, provided a dedicated work space for the study, the support of their staff in taking pieces out of storage and off display, and permissions to analyse the selected artefacts with various techniques.
Impact Anticipated: integration of results into displays, catalogues and web pages; national and international publications
Start Year 2017
 
Description Peabody Museum of Natural History, Yale University, New Haven, USA 
Organisation Peabody Museum of Natural History
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The project's study of the pre-Columbian stone artefacts in the collections of the PMNH provides detailed information to the museum for their long-term records - from extensive photography to thorough material identification (via pXRF, laser ablation and, for selected artefacts, EPMA/SEM). Together with the artefact studies completed on the collections of other project partner institutions, the results collectively build a detailed picture of the networks that bound the Lucayan archipelago to the wider Caribbean region - benefitting all partners in their interpretation of their collections for their visiting public.
Collaborator Contribution The PMNH enabled access to relevant collections for the project team, providing a dedicated work space for the study, the support of their staff in taking pieces out of storage or off display, and permissions to analyse the selected artefacts with various techniques.
Impact Anticipated: integration of results into displays, catalogues and web pages; national and international publications
Start Year 2017
 
Description Turks and Caicos National Museum, Cockburn Town, Grand Turk, Turks and Caicos Islands 
Organisation Turks and Caicos National Museum
Country Turks and Caicos Islands 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution The project's study of the pre-Columbian stone artefacts in the collections of the TCNM provides detailed information to the museum for their long-term records - from extensive photography to thorough material identification (via pXRF, laser ablation and, for selected artefacts, EPMA/SEM). Together with the artefact studies completed on the collections of other project partner institutions, the results collectively build a detailed picture of the networks that bound the Lucayan archipelago to the wider Caribbean region - benefitting all partners in their interpretation of their collections for their visiting public.
Collaborator Contribution The TCNM enables access to relevant collections for the project team, providing a dedicated work space for the study, the support of their staff in taking pieces off display, and permissions to analyse the selected artefacts with various techniques.
Impact Anticipated: integration of results into displays; contribution to the school curriculum via education packages and posters; national and international publications
Start Year 2017
 
Description University of Granada, Granada, Spain 
Organisation University of Granada
Country Spain 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution SIBA facilitates access to relevant artefacts for the EPMA/SEM study.
Collaborator Contribution Prof. Garcia-Casco is a leading expert in the field of Caribbean petrology, and is undertaking the EPMA/SEM study as part of this project.
Impact Anticipated: integration of results into displays, catalogues and web pages; national and international publications
Start Year 2017
 
Description A conference presentation by Alice Knaf at the European Association of Archaeologists, Bern, Switzerland 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Conference presentation by Alice Knaf regarding SIBA methodologies and preliminary results, entitled 'A provenance study of Lucayan pre-colonial jadeite celts: unraveling mobility networks in the Greater Caribbean), with co-authors Ostapkowicz and Davies.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.e-a-a.org/eaa2019
 
Description A conference presentation by Professor Davies at The International Association for Caribbean Archaeology, Barbados from July 21 - 27, 2019. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Present preliminary outcome of the SIBA project and to make active Caribbean around the world aware of the methodological developments.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://blogs.uoregon.edu/iaca/41-2/
 
Description Conference paper - Society of American Archaeology, Albuquerque [2019]; Ostapkowicz 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A paper on "Function and Ceremony: Lucayan adzes, axes and celts" was an invited contribution presented by Ostapkowicz at the session "Advances in the Archaeology of the Bahama Archipelago", held at the Society of American Archaeology conference.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Conference paper - Society of American Archaeology, Albuquerque [2019]; Pouncett, Slayton, Davies, Garcia Casco and Ostapkowicz 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Paper presented by John Pouncett, co-authored by Emma Slayton, Gareth Davies, Antonio Garcia Casco and Joanna Ostapkowicz, and entitled "SIBA: Stone interchanges within the Bahama archipelago." This was an invited contribution to the session "Advances in the Archaeology of the Bahama Archipelago", held at the Society of American Archaeology conference.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Conference paper - Society of American Archaeology, Albuquerque [2019]; Schulting, Ostapkowicz, Pateman, Keegan, Brock, Snoeck, Delancy 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Paper presented by Rick Schulting, co-authored by Joanna Ostapkowicz, Michael Pateman, William Keegan, Fiona Brock, Cristophe Snoeck and Kelly Delancy, and entitled "Bone of the Lucayans: Radiocarbon dating of human remains from the Bahamian Archipelago." This was an invited contribution to the session "Advances in the Archaeology of the Bahama Archipelago", held at the Society of American Archaeology conference.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Conference paper - Society of American Archaeology, Albuquerque [2019]; Snoeck, Schulting, Pateman, Keegan and Ostapkowicz 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Paper presented by Christophe Snoeck, and co-authored by Rick Schulting, Michael Pateman, William Keegan and Joanna Ostapkowicz, and entitled "Origins of Bahamian settlers buried in wet and dry caves." This was an invited contribution to the session "Advances in the Archaeology of the Bahama Archipelago", held at the Society of American Archaeology conference.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Conference paper - Society of American Archaeology, Vancouver, Canada [2017] 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A paper on "Lucayan Connections: Core and Periphery in the Bahama/Turks and Caicos Archipelago" was an invited contribution presented by Ostapkowicz at the session "Identity and change: archaeological interaction across archipelagos, inland seas and oceans", held at the Society of American Archaeology conference.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.saa.org/Portals/0/SAA/MEETINGS/2017%20Abstracts/Individual%20Level%20Abstracts_M-P.pdf
 
Description Conference paper - Society of American Archaeology, Washington, DC [2018] 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact An invited paper entitled "SIBA: the research potential of Bahamian/Turks and Caicos museum collections" will be presented by Alice Knaf at the session "Contextualising Museum Collections at the Smithsonian Institution", held at the Society of American Archaeology conference in Washington, DC
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.saa.org/Portals/0/SAA/Annualmeeting/PrelimProgram2018_Final.pdf
 
Description Education outputs workshop hosted by the Turks and Caicos National Museum (Sept 2018) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A meeting, hosted by the Turks and Caicos National Museum, and including colleagues from the National Museum of the Bahamas (Antiquities, Monuments and Museums Corporation) and the University of Florida, was held in August 2018. The meeting included a conference call to colleagues at The Bahamas Ministry of Education. The aim was to review plans for the educational outputs, including posters and school packs.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://myemail.constantcontact.com/September-2018-Newsletter---ArtiFacts.html?soid=1112003119365&ai...
 
Description Educational outputs workshop hosted by the National Museum of the Bahamas (Antiquities, Monuments and Museums Corporation)(January 2020) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A meeting, hosted by the National Museum of the Bahamas (Antiquities, Monuments, and Museums Corporation), and involving representatives from the Turks and Caicos National Museum and The Bahamas Ministry of Education, was held on 15 January 2020. The aims were to review progress made towards educational outputs on project SIBA, including posters and school packs.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Gerace Research Centre (January 2020) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact An invited presentation was made on Lucayan prehistory at the Gerace Research Center on San Salvador, The Bahamas to an audience consisting of the local general public as well as the international researchers and undergraduate and graduate students staying at the Center. This generated interest in the local as well as regional prehistory of The Bahamas.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://en-gb.facebook.com/GeraceResearchCentre
 
Description Invited Talk; Geochemical characterisation and discrimination applying decision tree to precolonial jadeite jade sources in the Greater Caribbean 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited talk: Archäometrie und Denkmalpflege, Hamburg, March 2018 Geochemical characterisation and discrimination applying decision tree to precolonial jadeite jade sources in the Greater Caribbean
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://indico.desy.de/indico/event/18645/
 
Description Invited contribution to week long workshop: Intersecting worlds: The interplay of cultures and technology. Contribution entitled-New Methods and techniques in isotope geochemistry 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact 60 leading international researchers invited to a week long closed workshop to discuss the methodologies that are being or can be used to examine the immediate and long lasting influence of European expansion at the end of the 15th century and the impact on indigenous societies.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL http://www.lorentzcenter.nl/lc/web/2019/1100/info.php3?wsid=1100
 
Description Invited presentation at international conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation at the European Association of Archaeologists, Maastricht, The Netherlands, 2017, A new provenancing tool: "Non-invasive" portable laser ablation sampling for subsequent trace element and multi-isotope analyses, Knaf, A.C.S., Koornneef, J.M., Davies, G.R.
Invited contribution to a session on Caribbean Archaeology
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Z13-suZwJEQ&feature=youtu.be
 
Description Presentations by Gareth Davies at the International network on Jade Cultures, Athens workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Two talks given by Gareth Davies at the International Network on Jade Cultures workshop held in Athens, Greece, before an international audience of colleagues (primarily European, but also colleagues form the US, Japan and Taiwan).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Society of Natural Scientific Archaeology and Archaeometry Symposium, Hamburg, Germany 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Geochemical Characterization and discrimination applying random forest to precolonial jadeite jade sources in the Greater Caribbean; Knaf, A.C.S., Habiba, H., Shafie, T., Koornneef, J.M., Hertwig, A., Cárdenas-Párraga, J., Harlow, G.E., García-Casco, A., Schertl, H.-P., Maresch, W.V., Hofman, C.L., Brandes, U., Davies, G.R.
Keynote presentation discussing methods required to provenance jadeitite
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Talk presentation: A new provenancing tool: "Non-invasive" portable laser ablation sampling for subsequent trace element and multi-isotope analyses 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation of co-authored paper at the European Association of Archaeologists
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.eaa2017maastricht.nl/
 
Description invited talk, GeoBremen Sept. 2017, Bremen 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation of an invited talk to a professional audience "Non-invasive" portable laser ablation sampling of art and archaeological materials with subsequent trace element and multi-isotope analyses
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.marum.de/en/Research/GeoBremen-2017.html