GCRF Development Award: Rights for Time

Lead Research Organisation: University of Birmingham
Department Name: English Drama American and Canadian Stu

Abstract

Humanitarian policy and practice is driven by the immediacy of crisis and urgency. But in contexts of protracted conflict and displacement, it is often the hidden damage that takes place over time that sets the terms for future violence, change, and possible peace. The Rights for Time/Time for Rights (RfT) Network will co-create, co-evaluate and support the dissemination of a new understanding of how time conditions war, displacement, and violence, and shifts the possibilities and frame of action for humanitarian protection and human rights.

Our focus on time responds to gaps identified by our overseas partners in the Protection in Contexts of Conflict and Displacement theme. One of the major stumbling-blocks to protection is the failure to measure and identify needs and
problems not currently obvious to external actors in policy, law, and in local contexts. Aid and protection that reacts to only the most 'recent' abuse or threat not only fails to understand the nature of injury, but limits the sustainability of possible solutions. Uncovering layers of time and hidden damage will reveal the specific needs of the most vulnerable and disenfranchised. Multiple, layered and even simultaneous experiences of violence, displacement, and generational trauma persist into future generations, creating new challenges and blocking change.

To address this, we are proposing a new global, mobile, interdisciplinary, and multi-directional approach to uncover and focus on modern conflict, violence, and uprootedness within a longer time frame. Drawing together in-country partners and academic experts from the arts and humanities, the psy-sciences, neuroscience, medical anthropology, refugee studies, gender studies, human rights, transitional justice, and humanitarian law, and protection policy, we will meet these challenges by developing interdisciplinary, peer-to-peer, case-based research. We have chosen to work both within and across specific contexts where the long periods of violence produce enduring and intractable challenges, particularly for vulnerable communities and groups, such as women and girls. Conflict in Lebanon, Rwanda, Kenya, Jordan and the Gaza Strip and West Bank, has resulted in patterns of forced displacement that span generations. Memory legacies are acute, and trauma is ever-present.

We will develop the concept of Rights for Time to build a network that can bring the hidden legacies of conflict directly into humanitarian protection and human rights policy and practice. Co-Investigators based at the universities of Birmingham, KCL, SOAS, UCL and at the Hashemite University (Jordan) and the Lebanese American University will work with a series of Project Partners, including Wangu Kanju, We Love Reading, BLAST, the African Initiative for Mankind Progress and the Kigali Center for Photography to identify, pilot and commission a series of initial case studies, followed by longer projects, to generate new evidence bases, develop new policy, practice and law in action and make the forms of injury of protracted violence culturally visible at local, national and international levels. In doing so, partner countries will have the necessary tools and an increased ability to develop effective protection solutions
for those most affected by conflict and violence, especially vulnerable groups.

This Development Award will allow us to deepen and strengthen our partnerships, particularly with NGOs, charities and community groups in the LMICs mentioned above. It will also facilitate extensive planning and the formulation of key policies, to be adopted across the Network, particularly around ethics/safeguarding and gender and inclusivity. We will also develop a communications plan for the RfT Network, including the launch of an initial project website, to raise awareness and encourage engagement with the project.

Publications

10 25 50
 
Description Investigating and mobilising peace and trust for sustainable development via the UK's international Rights for Time Research Network
Amount £49,054 (GBP)
Funding ID AH/W009676/1 
Organisation Arts & Humanities Research Council (AHRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 02/2022 
End 07/2023
 
Description The CARE Project: Building Sexual Violence Survivors' Capacity to Evidence and Research (C)rimes and (A)dvocate for Effective (Re)sponses
Amount £168,710 (GBP)
Funding ID ES/T010207/1 
Organisation Economic and Social Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 11/2019 
End 12/2020
 
Description Thinking Like Hannah Arendt: Crisis-Thinking from the 20th Century for Today
Amount £200,000 (GBP)
Organisation The Leverhulme Trust 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United Kingdom
Start 08/2021 
End 08/2023
 
Description Time for Rights/Rights for Time: Responding to the times of violence, conflict, and displacement
Amount £1,867,627 (GBP)
Funding ID AH/T008091/1 
Organisation Arts & Humanities Research Council (AHRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 03/2020 
End 03/2024
 
Description Visualising Justice on Sexual Violence in Kenya: Stimulating inclusion, Peace and Public Engagement through the Creative Economy
Amount £130,862 (GBP)
Funding ID AH/W006510/1 
Organisation Arts & Humanities Research Council (AHRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 11/2021 
End 10/2022
 
Description AIMPO 
Organisation African Initiative for Mankind Progress Organization
Country Rwanda 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution The team is building capacity to develop funding proposals and conduct arts and humanities research in Rwanda about humanitarian protection initiatives, in furtherance of economic and social wefare of people in Rwanda.
Collaborator Contribution Contributed to the development of the Rights for Time research network plus.
Impact Multidisciplinary research is underway in collaboration with this partner. The disciplines include the English and Law.
Start Year 2020
 
Description Aiyal 
Organisation Ajyal Foundation for Education
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution The team is building capacity to develop funding proposals and conduct arts and humanities research in Palestine about humanitarian protection initiatives, in furtherance of economic and social welfare of people in Palestine.
Collaborator Contribution Contributed to the development of the Rights for Time research network plus.
Impact Multidisciplinary research is underway in collaboration with this partner. The disciplines include the English, and Psychology.
Start Year 2020
 
Description Centre for Lebanese Studies 
Organisation Centre for Lebanese Studies
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution The team is building each other's capacity to develop funding proposals and conduct arts and humanities research in Jordan about humanitarian protection initiatives, in furtherance of economic and social welfare of people in Lebanon.
Collaborator Contribution Contributed to the development of the Rights for Time research network plus. Case study research is underway in Lebanon on refugee policy.
Impact Multidisciplinary research is underway in collaboration with this partner. The disciplines include the Politics, English, and Law.
Start Year 2020
 
Description Centre for Lebanese Studies 
Organisation Centre for Lebanese Studies
Country Lebanon 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution The team is building each other's capacity to develop funding proposals and conduct arts and humanities research in Jordan about humanitarian protection initiatives, in furtherance of economic and social welfare of people in Lebanon.
Collaborator Contribution Contributed to the development of the Rights for Time research network plus. Case study research is underway in Lebanon on refugee policy.
Impact Multidisciplinary research is underway in collaboration with this partner. The disciplines include the Politics, English, and Law.
Start Year 2020
 
Description Kigali Photo Centre, Rwanda 
Organisation Kigali Center for Photography
Country Rwanda 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution The team is building capacity to develop funding proposals and conduct arts and humanities research in Rwanda about humanitarian protection initiatives, in furtherance of economic and social welfare of people in Rwanda.
Collaborator Contribution Contributed to the development of the Rights for Time research network plus, and a case study participatory photography project.
Impact Multidisciplinary research is underway in collaboration with this partner. The disciplines include the English, and Law.
Start Year 2020
 
Description PTC 
Organisation Palestine Trauma Centre UK
Department Palestine Trauma Centre UK, Gaza
Country Palestine, State of 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution The team is building each other's capacity to develop funding proposals and conduct arts and humanities research in Jordan about humanitarian protection initiatives, in furtherance of economic and social welfare of people in the OT Palestine.
Collaborator Contribution Contributed to the development of the Rights for Time research network plus; Co-designed and is delivering a research case study on a humanitarian protection initiative in Gaza.
Impact Multidisciplinary research is underway in collaboration with this partner. The disciplines include the English, and Psychology.
Start Year 2020
 
Description Wangu Kanja Foundation, Kenya 
Organisation Wangu Kanja Foundation
Country Kenya 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Thsi project was conducted in collaboration with partners in Kenya, including the Wangu Kanja Foundation.
Collaborator Contribution This Kenyan partner contributed to the design of the study, data analysis, and dissemination, which has included written outputs and workshops.
Impact *1 policy brief (see publications section of form) *1 research report (see publication section of form) *3 research articles (see publication section of form) *2 webinars
Start Year 2019
 
Description Living with the pandemic: Gender based violence 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Patterns of sex offending against adults and children in Kenya signal compounding harms arising from the Covid-19 pandemic. In particular, emerging evidence from Kenya suggests that child victims are younger, more likely to be victimized by a neighbor in a private residence, and in the daytime, compared to pre-pandemic. We conclude that situational crime prevention strategies that focus on providing alternative safe venues to reduce offending opportunities must be a central part of a public health approach to reduce children's vulnerability during crises such as COVID-19.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.facebook.com/unibirmingham/videos/1757756671057585/
 
Description Time under lockdown 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact Confinement for people living in the gloabal south is not only geographical but also extends to temporal trajectories and itineraries. Temporal uncertainty, lockdowns, closed borders and crackdowns in the name of COVID 19 have made futures even more precarious, uncertain and fuzzy. We will draw on case studies from Lebanon, Kenya, and Jordon, as well as allude to wider displacement in the Euro-Mediterranean zone.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020