An atlas of hillforts in Britain and Ireland

Lead Research Organisation: University of Edinburgh
Department Name: Sch of History, Classics and Archaeology

Abstract

Hillforts are the most impressive field legacy from the Iron Age across many areas of England, Wales, Scotland, Northern Ireland and Eire. Although precision is not possible, it is likely that there are over 4000 in Ireland and Britain. Any academic or popular account of later prehistory from c. 1000 BC has to include a discussion of hillforts as the dominant monument type: their forms and architecture, possible functions, relationships with their setting and archaeological surroundings. Over recent years within Iron Age studies the importance of 'regionalisation' has emerged again as an important theme and one which requires information and data to be available at both the local level and at regional and inter-regional scales. There is no integrated system that will provide this information for hillforts, although a wide variety of sources exist in digital and paper form. These sources however are diverse, often difficult to access, and hard to integrate to produce wider interpretations and new research questions, since all previous syntheses have generally been at 'national' (i.e. Ireland, England) scales. Furthermore, most of the ways in which these sites are usually described are based on upstanding examples, but it is now essential to incorporate many ploughed-down remains, only visible as cropmarks, into understandings of these sites.

This project will create an online interactive database that will include standardised information on all hillforts in the UK and Eire and enable interrogation and analysis at a range of scales from an individual hillfort to the whole collection. The database will be linked to Google Earth/Maps so that the locations of hillforts can be seen within their landscape contexts. At the close of the project, the data file will be available for re-use in a variety of software. The information held will be a compilation of all existing sources, re-structured to provide maximum achievable consistency and the ability to search all hillforts, evaluating and comparing them on meaningful characteristics such as number and configuration of ramparts, ditches and entrances. Evaluation, analysis and interpretation will take place at local, regional and inter-regional scales and the outcomes will be a paper atlas of hillforts, where cartographic presentation will be matched by succinct analytical texts. These will include extensive discussion on the structuring of the data, including consideration of what is and is not a hillfort and why, together with the interpretation of analyses and patterns established at the different scales and visualised through a series of maps and plans. The results will feed significantly into discussions of regionality and how hillforts fit with other data and interpretations. This work will be mirrored by a critical re-assessment of the dating evidence for these sites, including isotopic and other scientific determinations, numismatic and artefactual data, and documentary sources: these monuments are used in both the first millennia BC and AD, and evaluation of the chronological range of these sites at a variety of scales will allow closer readings of patterns through time, to match the spatial focus highlighted above. The analysis of this set of sites across the whole of Britain and Ireland - something not previously-attempted - will generate new configurations of information on similarities and differences amongst sites that will challenge prevailing views.

Hillforts are of great interest to a large range of audiences, sometimes just for their intrinsic archaeological value but often as part of wider landscape, historical and environmental interests. Further to encourage the breadth of this participation, the database will be configured as a hillfort-wiki, capable of accepting user-generated content so that additional text and images can be attached to any hillfort, separately from the core data generated by the project,

Planned Impact

A wide range of users outside the academic community will benefit from this research. The results will be fed back into the publicly-accessible national monuments records of England, Wales, Scotland, Northern Ireland and Eire, so that they will all have an enhanced resource to make available to their wide range of clients. This will include more information than present systems contain and be more useable for research-type queries based on characteristics of the monuments. All of these record systems are widely consulted for a range of reasons from development control and related interests within the planning system through to public interest; and the data researched, calibrated and standardized during this project would be a core part of that resource. This enhancement of the resource also links with the private and professional heritage sectors, including archaeological consultants and contractors, who use these resources for desk-based assessments and other purposes in the applied world of 'polluter-pays' archaeology. The integration of 'cropmark' data from the lowland arable zones will represent a particular enhancement to be offered by this project. The aim is to make the final data available as a file that can be re-used within a range of software and, therefore, be as widely accessible as possible.

Policy makers, for example state heritage organizations, National Trusts, National Parks and local authorities, will be interested in this resource especially because it will include (separately and identifiably) user generated content, i.e. information from various specialists and input by the general public. With the current interest in public participation in heritage and landscape management this will provide an important source for opinions concerning hillforts and their place in peoples' lives and communities.

Hillforts of various forms are an international phenomenon occurring over large areas of Europe from the Iberian peninsular to east-central Europe. Britain and Ireland however possess one of the longest- and best-studied data-sets, and some of the most innovative approaches to this suite of sites, so that the standardisation that this portal will offer will be international in its significance. Beneficiaries of this research would include the Iron Age academic archaeological and heritage communities from Spain and Portugal eastwards, for all of whom sites equivalent to insular hillforts are an important key to the comprehension of the regional Iron Ages.

In many areas of rural Britain and Ireland, tourism and associated recreation for example in the form of hill-walking helps underpin local economies. There are numerous cases from the south coast of England to the northern Highlands and west to the Dingle peninsula, of conspicuous or reasonably-preserved hill-forts being targets for such recreational use. By making accessible information on these sites, it is hoped that this project may simultaneously encourage responsible tourism and the sustainability of these key monuments whilst also disseminating information about them that helps to distributes visits to them around more examples, thereby deflecting potential damage from footfall at some 'honeypot' sites, while also encouraging enjoyment and educational use of these important monuments.

Publications

10 25 50
 
Description Drawing on a wide variety of published and online resources and archives, and supplemented by limited ground-truthing of the field evidence, the project team has collected data on some 4147 individual sites considered to be certain or probable hillforts. This exercise has involved the team in standardising information produced by the application of a range of different recording methods and schemes of description across five countries (Ireland, Northern Ireland, Wales, England and Scotland) which all have somewhat divergent systems of data recording and structuring, hindering the identification of broader-scale comparisons and patterning in the.characteristics of these sites.

A major effort has gone into building a complex database to enable the project team to capture the extreme diversity apparent in these sites from the Northern Isles of Scotland and the Atlantic coastlands of Ireland south to the hinterland of the English Channel and efforts are continuing to identify, characterize, map and evaluate a wide range of the characteristics of such sites across Britain and Ireland. A first tranche of these were presented at a public conference held in Edinburgh in June 2017 and shall also be incorporated into a paper Atlas which is now being assembled; this is due for delivery to Edinburgh University Press in March 2019. Overall, the Project team has been able to produce new interpretations of the spatial distributions of hillforts based on a range of their key characteristics in ways which have not previously been possible, including consideration of the changes to their configurations through time. These outcomes will modify perspectives on hillforts which have largely been considered as a set across Britain and Ireland in terms of their current appearance and form, by taking into consideration their evolution through time (where this is known). The Atlas cartography (increasingly now available as a component of the online Atlas) will replace maps for Britain that in large measure still depend on 1960s data made available through the Ordnance Survey, and now demonstrate locally significant distributions of this category of monuments in areas of eastern Britain where the essence of the evidence is conserved as cropmark archaeology (which has here been integrated into our database) and a more widespread scatter of sites in such topographic settings within the zone of likely destruction of archaeological sites as upstanding monuments. Elsewhere, at least locally, the application of standard thresholds in terms of areal extent, scale of enclosure and topographic setting for the acceptance of sites as hillforts has produced moderate declines in the number of retained sites, notably in some western regions (e.g. Cornwall, Pembrokeshire). For the first time, at least for larger size cohorts (over 1ha in extent; a residual problem concerns the 60k-strong series of raths and ringworks in Ireland) it is now possible to map Irish distributions alongside those for the British mainland, including juxtaposing evidence for certain categories of sites (notably coastal promontory forts) traditionally considered entirely separately in different archaeological traditions. While certain special characteristics of limited number of hillforts (e.g. the presence of guard chambers in their entrance-works) have long been mapped and discussed as a set, the data assembled by the Project Team means that many more attributes of these sites (e.g. styles of enclosure architecture and details thereof) can now be mapped and examined as sets of evidence, This aspect will be taken forward in the forthcoming paper Atlas.

We were also able to initiate and in some measure directly support a successful and innovative Citizen Science campaign that connected large numbers of the general public with hillforts in a critical way by facilitating them to submit data which has enriched the project and which has contributed to allowing certain amateur groups further to develop their interests in hillforts, to the extent of seeking additional funds from other sources (e.g. Heritage Lottery Fund) to take forward research on local series of such sites.

We are also in course of further developing a webmapping application that will enable the project to make its complex dataset freely available via Oxford University to a range of users from the general public to specialist researchers. This application is designed to enable such users in future to build queries, to export data, and to interact spatially with hillfort information contained in maps and satellite imagery. We have licensed this application via Creative Commons.

The Project organised a very successful conference in collaboration with the Department for Continuing Education of Oxford University in late 2015 which brought together the general public and hillfort experts to discuss the latest findings and ideas on a variety of topics concerning hillforts including their dating and distribution. A further conference was held in Edinburgh University on 23-25 June 2017 which revisited and extended the 2015 themes through presentations and extended discussion sessions. The papers from it are being ingathered (deadline 1/4/18) for publication with British Archaeological Reports.
Exploitation Route There are numerous ways in which the results of this project can be taken forward - this was always one of the intentions. The information we have collated is now freely available via data downloads from the webmapping application and will be in future from the Archaeological Data Service at York University, or indirectly via the National Monuments Records of the individual countries within Britain and Ireland and/or the Historic Environment Records of the local authorities. New analyses will be able to be carried out and interpretations can be carried out by anyone in and beyond tertiary education and indeed professional archaeological employment. Our georeferenced data will be available to compare and contrast with other suites of information in ways that could not be done before, and which will in future be able to take overviews and understanding of hillforts beyond the new synthesis that will be contained in the Atlas now in development.. Integration with wikimedia will allow the future deposition of digital images of hillforts, indexed by atlas number, by members of the public and professional archaeologists.
Sectors Environment,Leisure Activities, including Sports, Recreation and Tourism,Culture, Heritage, Museums and Collections

URL https://hillforts.arch.ox.ac.uk/
 
Description The research findings are not yet finalised, in that the paper Atlas is still in preparation by the C-Is, but the online version of the Atlas has been available since the final conference held in June 2017. The key non-academic impacts have been through the adoption of our methodology by a variety of archaeological groups through our Citizen Science initiative. The project is keen for the data to continue to be re-used in as many ways as possible as it will be the most detailed and complete dataset on hillforts in existence. The potential of this as a research tool has been shown through the work of Simon Maddison for his MSc dissertation (GIS and Spatial Analysis at UCL). Using downloaded Atlas data Simon has used a spatial analytical technique called Percolation Analysis to investigate the spatial distribution of hillforts and the possibilities of there being spatial groupings among them. Simon's work was reported by him at the Project final conference which took place in Edinburgh on June 23rd-25th 2017. The Project has worked in close association with national and local data repositories, mainly National Monuments Records and regional Historic Environment Records. The data they provided has been restructured and considerably enhanced in a variety of ways The Project will provide all data suppliers with a csv copy of the database which they can re-use in whatever way is appropriate for their needs and systems. An important component of the Project has been its Citizen Science programme whereby individuals and groups have been encouraged and supported to survey hillforts in the field. A Survey Form with Notes for Guidance was developed and made available through an early Project website. Considerable publicity surrounded the launch including being on the BBC News website, several local radio stations and national publications (with international interest in e.g. Der Speigel, Germany) . Team members gave over 40 talks and training sessions to local archaeological societies and other groups. In total 305 surveys were returned (84% in England) along with a wealth of ancillary information such as photographs, plans and unpublished writings. This information was checked against the formal data in the database and incorporated as appropriate. One major outcome of the Citizen Science is that the Chilterns AONB Board, who co-ordinated several groups to carry out surveys, have now been awarded a significant sum by the Heritage lottery Fund to work on the 21 hillforts in their area based on the work with the Atlas.
First Year Of Impact 2017
Sector Environment,Culture, Heritage, Museums and Collections
Impact Types Cultural

 
Description Advisory Board membership, Scottish Archaeological Research Framework, Regional Frameworks under auspices of Soceity of Antiquaries of Scotland
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
 
Title Webmapping application 
Description The Webmapping application will be a powerful research tool that will enable researchers to download filtered data taken from the project's main database in csv format which they can then use in a variety of software applications. Wikipedia is often a first port-of-call for people beginning research in a new topic - the Atlas pages (one per hillfort) will be a useful tool that provides information and references for each site plus a link to the Webmapping database. 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact At the time of writing, this is still in development, following the completion of data inputting for the main project database. The intention is that it will be publically available to researchers online through the University of Oxford. . 
 
Title Atlas of Hillforts of Britain and Ireland database 
Description For data collection the team used an online database built in FileMaker Pro v11 to enable dispersed data entry. This contained c. 120 fields of information in four tables and includes pick lists, radio buttons and text fields. The final version will include over 4,100 records. The database is structured hierarchically with main tabs covering all aspects of hillforts such as landscape, dating, investigations, enclosing works and entrances, and in many instances with sub-tabs to capture detail. The original intention was to convert this database to an open public version and link it to Google Earth as an important outcome of the project. However, the School of Archaeology, Oxford, has recently invested in a map server and is developing a series of ESRI WebMapping applications for large projects. This web-based GIS mapping will enable more powerful real-time mapping and spatial visualisation of the Atlas data together with powerful searching functionality. The results of searches can be as reports, .pdfs and csv files. It is hoped to be able to develop a mobile version of this with GPS functionality so that proximity to individual hillforts can be determined and appropriate data accessed. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact See answers to other questions re: giving public access to the data we have collected and sifted. The database will be archived with the Archaeology Data Service and will be accessible through that service. Data will also be lodged with the relevant national heritage agencies' historic environment services (e.g. Historic England, Historic Environment Scotland) and will be incorporated into their records. The Atlas data has been incorporated into the Irish Heritage Council's Heritage Maps. Web analytics indicate that the site is hugely successful. As of 1st February 2018, it had received 33,063,174 hits, 10,735,510 page views and 193,680 visitors (128,636 unique IP addresses). The average page views per visitor was 55.43, indicating extensive engagement with the data, and the average visit lasted 04:53. The geographic footprint is also impressive: there have been visitors from over 176 countries. 
URL https://hillforts.arch.ox.ac.uk/
 
Description Local Authority sites and monuments records 
Organisation Association of Local Government Archaeological Officers
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK) 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution In return for furnishing the information as detailed below, the Project will provide the HERs with a copy of the final database in csv format. This will allow each HER to assess what fields of information they want to incorporate into their own databases and to manipulate the data according to their needs. this will include making this information public through their publicly-accessible online sites and monuments records or by other means of their choice. .
Collaborator Contribution The 84 HERs in England and the four in Wales have provided digital data for relevant sites as requested by the Project team (i.e. on all enclosures and enclosed sites dating from the Bronze age, the Late Bronze Age and the Iron Age). This has enabled project team members to assess a wide range of sites and has thus helped to determine which to include in the project database. The HERs also contain descriptive data, administrative data and references, all of which have been assessed and incorporated into the project database where appropriate.
Impact Outputs will include the transfer of the archaeological data in the Project database to the sites and monuments records as listed above.
Start Year 2012
 
Description National Monuments Records 
Organisation English Heritage
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK) 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution The Project will provide the NMRs with a copy of its final database in csv format. This will allow each NMR to assess what fields of information they want to incorporate into their own databases and to manipulate the data according to their needs. We envisage this initiative will also include making selected information available via their own public sites and mnouments records (e.g. canmore in Scotland)..
Collaborator Contribution The National Monument Records as detailed above either directly or (in the case of Ireland) through our collaboration with Professor W O'Brien, UC Cork, provided support and guidance for the Project in the process of data acquisition and assessment with particular reference to their own holdings.. In addressing the questions of clarity and ambiguous data which arose with many sitesd individual NMRs were invaluable in resolving the issues.
Impact The project will input data to the National Sites and Monuments Records as detailed above.
Start Year 2012
 
Description National Monuments Records 
Organisation Royal Commission on Ancient and Historic Monuments of Wales
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK) 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution The Project will provide the NMRs with a copy of its final database in csv format. This will allow each NMR to assess what fields of information they want to incorporate into their own databases and to manipulate the data according to their needs. We envisage this initiative will also include making selected information available via their own public sites and mnouments records (e.g. canmore in Scotland)..
Collaborator Contribution The National Monument Records as detailed above either directly or (in the case of Ireland) through our collaboration with Professor W O'Brien, UC Cork, provided support and guidance for the Project in the process of data acquisition and assessment with particular reference to their own holdings.. In addressing the questions of clarity and ambiguous data which arose with many sitesd individual NMRs were invaluable in resolving the issues.
Impact The project will input data to the National Sites and Monuments Records as detailed above.
Start Year 2012
 
Description National Monuments Records 
Organisation Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK) 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution The Project will provide the NMRs with a copy of its final database in csv format. This will allow each NMR to assess what fields of information they want to incorporate into their own databases and to manipulate the data according to their needs. We envisage this initiative will also include making selected information available via their own public sites and mnouments records (e.g. canmore in Scotland)..
Collaborator Contribution The National Monument Records as detailed above either directly or (in the case of Ireland) through our collaboration with Professor W O'Brien, UC Cork, provided support and guidance for the Project in the process of data acquisition and assessment with particular reference to their own holdings.. In addressing the questions of clarity and ambiguous data which arose with many sitesd individual NMRs were invaluable in resolving the issues.
Impact The project will input data to the National Sites and Monuments Records as detailed above.
Start Year 2012
 
Description "Hillforts of the long Iron Age in Scotland and Beyond" - invited lecture given at University of Guelph, Canada by Professor Ian Ralston 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Professor Ralston was invited to give the Guelph Centre for Scottish Studies St Andrews Lecture on a strand of his Hillforts research. This was aimed at members of the general public, but included other audience members from a variety of backgrounds.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://www.uoguelph.ca/arts/history/events/st-andrews-lecture-dr-ian-ralston
 
Description 'Do hillforts exist?... and if so how do we record them' - invited talk by Dr Ian Brown to the Oxford University Archaeological Society at the Institute of Archaeology, Oxford 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Talk given by Dr Brown on an aspect of Hillforts research on 23rd October 2013
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description 'Forts and Frontiers' - invited talk by Mr Stratford Halliday to Archaeology Scotland Summer School, Airth, Falkirk Council 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited talk given by Mr Halliday on an aspect of the Hillforts research to Summer School students. Students are Archaeology Scotland members and were from a wide variety of backgrounds.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description 'Forts' - invited presentation and round table discussion by Mr Stratford Halliday at the Highland Archaeology Festival 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited presentation and roundtable discussion on 'Forts' by Mr Stratford Halliday at the Highland Archaeology Festival on 15th October 2016.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description 'Mapping Hillforts: problems and progress' - invited talk given by Dr Ian Brown to the Bath and Camerton Archaeological Society 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited talk given by Dr Brown on 7th January 2016.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description 'New resource for exploring Scotland's hillforts' in History Scotland, Vol. 15, No. 5. September/October 2017. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Article entitled 'New resource for exploring Scotland's hillforts' in History Scotland, Vol. 15, No. 5. September/October 2017.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description 'Scotland's ancient past - from stone monuments to metal-detected treasure' invited lecture at the University of Toronto given by Professor Ian Ralston 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Professor Ralston was invited to give the University of Toronto's St Andrew's Lecture: supported by St Andrew's Society of Toronto. This was aimed at members of the public, but attracted audience members from a variety of backgrounds.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://stmikes.utoronto.ca/event/scotlands-ancient-past-from-stone-monuments-to-metal-detected-trea...
 
Description 'Surveying and Understanding Hillforts' continuing education course 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Gary Lock is teaching a continuing education class which meets weekly for 2 hours over 7 weeks.

Unknown
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL https://www.conted.ox.ac.uk/courses/details.php?id=V400-470&Category=400
 
Description 'The Hillforts of Britain and Ireland - how regionally varied are they?' as part of the Symposium: 'Historical ecology, heterarchy and multitemporal dynamics' - participation by Prof Ian Ralston and Prof Gary Lock in the 81st Annual Meeting of the Society of American Archaeology 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Discussion of aspects of Hillforts research as part of the symposium 'Historical ecology, heterarchy and multitemporal dynamics' by Prof Ralston and Lock.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description 'Un projet pour préparer un nouvel Atlas des enceintes de la Grande-Bretagne et de l'Irelande: premières conclusions', 40ieme colloque international de l'Association française pour l'étude de l'âge du Fer 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Professor Ian Ralston gave a paper at Architectures de l' l'âge du Fer en Europe occidental et central, the annual conference of the ASSOCIATION FRANCAISE POUR L'ETUDE DE L'AGE DU FER - the major annual conference for professional archaeologists working on the Iron Age of continental Europe west of the Rhine. There is an associated French-run project based at the Ecole Normale Superieure, Paris which as been seeking funds to roll out a similar project at the European scale and to which we have been acting as informal advisors.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description A talk by Dr Strat Halliday on Forts and Fortifications: regional patterns in the Scottish Iron Age, in Peebles, Peeblesshire, to the Peeblesshire Archaeological Society. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A talk by Dr Strat Halliday on 18th January 2018 on Forts and Fortifications: regional patterns in the Scottish Iron Age, in Peebles, Peeblesshire, to the Peeblesshire Archaeological Society, attended by professional and amateur archaeologists and members of the general public.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description AHRC Hillforts Atlas Final conference 23-25 June 2017: titled The Atlas of Hillforts of Britain and Ireland: results, implications and wider contexts 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Conference on the finding of the Hillforts project which launched the online atlas, from which an edited volume of papers will be published. Attendance included Cultural heritage managers, citizen science participants, and national learned society members as well as professional and amateur archaeologists and students. This included the following papers "The Hillforts of Britain and Ireland - the background to the Atlas project" by Prof Ian Ralston, "Hillforts of England & Wales - an overview; diversity captured" by Dr Ian Brown, "The Hillfort in prehistoric Ireland" by Dr James O'Driscoll, "Building a chronology of hillforts for Britain and Ireland" by Mr Jonathan Horn, "The Atlas of Hillforts of Britain and Ireland: results, implications and wider contexts" by Dr Strat Halliday, "A GIS-based investigation of morphological directionality at hillforts in Britain: the visual perspective" by Dr Jessica Murray, "Aspects of the Atlas: Citizen Science and the online database" by Prof Gary Lock, and a practical demonstration and exhibition of the online Atlas by John Pouncett.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Archaeological Survey and the Bronze Age and Iron Age Landscape. Castletown Community, Caithness 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Stratford Halliday gave a talk to the Castletown Community, Caithness, on 25/06/2015, on a broad prehistoric settlement topic but embracing the 'Hillforts' scope of the Atlas . The audience consisted of a community archaeological group of approximately 30 individuals drawn from a wide range of backgrounds and professions, engaged on an archaeological survey project. Outcomes included education in the broadest sense to a group that included postgraduate distant learning students from Aberdeen.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Archaeology Above and Below 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Ian Brown gave a talk at 'Archaeology Above and Below', a community archaeology conference in Tulsk, Ireland on 4-6/04/2014

Unknown
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.rathcroghanconference.com/archaeology-above--below-2014.html
 
Description Attendance at the American Association of the Advancement of Science iannual meeting in Austin, Texas, 15th - 18th February 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact The project team were funded by the AHRC as the only Arts & Humanities project on the UKRI stand at the American Association for the Advancement of Science conference in Austin Texas from the evening of 15th to 18th Feb.

The AAAS conference is a world leading-event and draws some 8000 delegates, ranging from leading scientists and policy-makers to others with more general interests. 947 attendees visited the UK stand, where we were one of three projects highlighted. Demonstrations included to local schoolchildren and their parents (the exhibitions were publicly-accessible for some of the time). We also demonstrated the Atlas Online at the VIP special event in the Hilton Ballroom on the Saturday evening and to the general admission thereafter (approx 570 attendees).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Bath Archaeological Society, Bath: Mapping hillforts: problems and progress 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Ian Brown gave a talk to approximately 40 members of the general public, local society members/amateur archaeologists, and project citizen scientists at the Bath Archaeological Society on 07/01/2016. Outcomes included a change of views, and new and continuing participation through citizen science.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Caer Drewyn and its Environs - invited lecture by Dr I Brown to Corwen and District Archaeological Society. Corwen 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Caer Drewyn and its Environs- invited talk by Dr I Brown, plus update on Hillfort Atlas project and outcomes, to Corwen and District Archaeological Society. Corwen, Denbighshire. Owain Glyndwr Hotel on 10 October 2017.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Chess Valley Archaeology and History Society 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Ian Brown led a field visit to Whelpley Hill, Bucks with Chess Valley Archaeology and History Society on 27/11/2013

Unknown
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Chester Archaeological Society: Mapping hillforts: problems and progress 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Gary Lock gave a presentation to approximately 80 members of the general public, local society members/amateur archaeologists and project citizen scientists at the Chester Archaeological Society on 05/12/2015. Outcomes included a change of views and further participation through citizen science.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.chesterarchaeolsoc.org.uk/lectures.html
 
Description Chiltern hillforts field visit - Pulpit Hill and Boddington 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Ian Brown led a field visit for the Chilterns Hillforts Group on 10/9/2013. Since then, they have submitted a bid to the Heritage Lottery Fund for support to research, promote and conserve hillforts in the Chilterns, and as a result, the Chilterns Conservation Board was awarded £50,200 to pursue this project. Some of the significant impacts of this activity have been research and active conservation of field monuments.

Unknown
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Chilterns AONB First Hillforts Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Gary Lock and Ian Brown gave presentations at the Chilterns AONB First Hillforts Conference on 29/11/2013

Unknown
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://www.chilternsaonb.org/about-chilterns/historic-environment/hillforts.html
 
Description Chilterns AONB Second Hillforts Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Gary Lock and Ian Brown gave presentations at the Second Chilterns Hillforts Conference. Since then, the Chilterns Hillforts Group submitted a bid to the Heritage Lottery Fund for support to research, promote and conserve hillforts in the Chilterns, and as a result, the Chilterns Conservation Board was awarded £50,200 to pursue this project.

Unknown
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.chilternsaonb.org/about-chilterns/historic-environment/hillforts.html
 
Description Community Landscape Archaeology Survey Project AGM, Northampton: Mapping hillforts: problems and progress 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Gary Lock gave a presentation to approximately 60 members of the public, local society members/amateur archaeologists and project citizen scientists at the Community Landscape Archaeology Survey Project Annual General Meeting in Northampton on 07/10/2015. Outcomes included a change of views and further participation through citizen science.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Conference organisation, 'The hillforts of Britain and Ireland. When? Where? And Why?' Held at University of Oxford Department for Continuing Education 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The project team organised the conference 'The hillforts of Britain and Ireland. When? Where? And Why?', held at the University of Oxford Department for Continuing Education, Oxford, on 27/11/2015-29/11/2015. It was attended by approximately 85 people, including undergraduate and postgraduate students, academics, heritage professionals, members of the general public, amateur archaeologists and project citizen scientists. Outcomes included a change of views, and continuing and new participation through citizen science.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Continuing Education, weekend class December 2012 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Gary Lock participated in a continuing education event.

Unknown
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Council for British Archaeology South Midlands Group day school on the Iron Age, Buckingham: Mapping hillforts: problems and progress 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Gary Lock gave a presentation to approximately 60 members of the general public, local society members/amateur archaeologists and project citizen scientists at the Council for British Archaeology day school in Buckingham on 17/10/2015. Outcomes of the activity included a change of views and further participation through citizen science.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.archaeologyuk.org/cbasm/
 
Description Defining Hillforts - experiences and reflections in England, Wales and the Isle of Man - invited lecture by Dr I Brown at University College, Cork 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Defining Hillforts - experiences and reflections in England, Wales and the Isle of Man, invited talk by Dr I Brown based on Hillfort Atlas, advising on project and outcomes,. Lecture at University College Cork, Ireland, on 5 February 2018.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description European Association of Archaeologists session and paper: Session entitled 'Mapping the enclosed sites of later prehistoric Europe', paper entitled: 'Compiling an atlas of British and Irish hillforts: some issues' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Gary Lock and Ian Ralston organised a session and delivered a presentation to an audience of approximately 30/40 (varied over time) comprising undergraduate students, postgraduate students, academics and heritage professionals, members of the EAA, at the European Association of Archaeologists in Glasgow on 05/09/2015. Outcomes included a change of views and possible future collaboration.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://eaaglasgow2015.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/08/EAA-GLASGOW-FULL-PROGRAMME.pdf
 
Description Exhibition of the Atlas at the Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, London by John Pouncett 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Engagement with policy makers over applicability of this technology for governance, on 7th September 2017. Considered to represent good value for money.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Eynsham History Society 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Gary Lock gave a presentation at Eynsham History Society in October 2013

Unknown
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Festival of Archaeology event at Wantage Museum 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Gary Lock took part in an event at Wantage Museum.

Unknown
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description From Castle O'er to Cairn Pat: a sense of place in a Galloway Iron Age 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Presentation at Whithorn Trust event 'The Iron Age in Galloway' and guiding in sites on The Machars the following day.

Unknown
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://ninian.org/content/whithorn-lecture
 
Description Guiding for Royal Archaeological Institute field trip in Peeblesshire 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Unknown
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Hill Forts Study Group AGM 2012 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Gary Lock and Ian Ralston gave a presentation on the project at the Hill Forts Study Group AGM, 10/11/2012.

Unknown
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
URL http://www.hillfortsstudygroup.org.uk/AGM%202012%20AGENDA.pdf
 
Description Hill Forts Study Group AGM 2013 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Gary Lock participated in the Hill Forts Study Group AGM in November 2013

Unknown
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Hillfort Atlas of Britain and Ireland 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Presentation to 1st Millennia Study Group, University of Edinburgh, 14/01/2014

Unknown
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.ed.ac.uk/schools-departments/history-classics-archaeology/news-events/events/fms-meetings
 
Description Hillfort Atlas of Great Britain and Ireland - invited talk by Mr Stratford Halliday to the Trimontium Trust, Newstead 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact Invited talk given by Dr Halliday on 6th October 2016, giving an overview of the project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Hillfort Study Group Annual General Meeting, Oxford 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact The Hillfort Study Group held its Annual General Meeting in Oxford on 14/11/2015. The project members presented to an audience of approximately 30 undergraduate students, postgraduate students, academics and heritage professionals. Outcomes included a change of views and continuing collaboration.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Introduction to Galloway 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Talk at the Hillfort Study Group's spring field trip, Portpatrick, 09/05/2014

Unknown
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.hillfortsstudygroup.org.uk/hfsgevents.html
 
Description Invited Lecture and Demo by Prof Gary Lock on the Atlas to the Diploma and Advanced Diploma group, Dept. for Continuing Education, University of Oxford. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Atlas lecture and demonstration by Prof Gary Lock on the 26th October 2017, to the Diploma and Advanced Diploma group, Dept. for Continuing Education, University of Oxford. Professional archaeologists in attendance left with an amplified skill set.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Invited talk by Prof Gary Lock to the Hanney History Group, Oxfordshire, on Ridgeway Hillforts and the Atlas. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Invited talk by Prof Gary Lock on 24th October 2017 to Hanney History Group, Oxfordshire, on Ridgeway Hillforts and the Atlas.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Invited talk by Prof Gary Lock: on Moel y Gaer and the Atlas, at Kellogg College, Oxford. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Invited talk by Prof Gary Lock on 9th June 2017,on Moel y Gaer and the Atlas, at Kellogg College, Oxford.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Invited talks by Prof Gary Lock on Ridgeway and Moel y Gaer and the Atlas to the Falkland Stewardship Trust, East Lomond Hillfort in Context Day, Falkland, Fife. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited talks given by Prof Gary Lock on Gary Lock on 11th November 2017 to The Falkland Stewardship Trust, East Lomond Hillfort in Context Day, Falkland, Fife: two talks on Ridgeway and Moel y Gaer plus Atlas. Audience included amateur archaeologists plus local government archaeologists, impact on influencing policy and research strategy on hillforts.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description It's well knownprehistoric man liked gravel soils 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Talk at Birnie Day Conference, Elgin, 7/12/2013

Unknown
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description John Pouncett invited talk on Atlas of Hillforts of Britain and Ireland, paper and demo presented to Geomob, London 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Given by John Pouncett, 25th October 2017, talk and demon on Atlas of Hillforts of Britain and Ireland, paper presented to Geomob, London .Audience comprised of web developers and spatial technologists.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Moncrieffe Hillfort excavation and survey 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Working with AOC Archaeology in a community project developing observation skills on hillforts for volunteers

Unknown
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description New Forest Survey Group 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Gary Lock gave a presentation to the New Forest Survey Group, 10/2/14

Unknown
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Oxford University Archaeological Society lecture 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact Ian Brown gave a lecture to the Oxford University Archaeological Society on 21/10/2013

Unknown
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://www.arch.ox.ac.uk/events/events/1858.html
 
Description Paper presented at the conference The Hillforts of Britain and Ireland. When? Where? And Why?, held at University of Oxford Department for Continuing Education, Oxford. Paper entitled 'A game of two halves: forts and fortification in Scotland'. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Simon Wood and Stratford Halliday delivered a paper at the conference The Hillforts of Britain and Ireland. When? Where? And Why? held at University of Oxford Department for Continuing Education, Oxford, on 28/11/2015. There was an audience of approximately 85 individuals, including undergraduate and postgraduate students, academics, heritage professionals, members of the general public, amateur archaeologists and project citizen scientists. Outcomes included a change of views, and continuing and new participation through citizen science.
Simon Wood has completed a funded PhD informally associated with the project on the Hillforts of western Scotland and has now taken up archaeological employment with Hertfordshire Council.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Paper presented at the conference The Hillforts of Britain and Ireland. When? Where? And Why?, held at University of Oxford Department for Continuing Education, Oxford. Paper entitled 'A multi-regional analysis of hillfort location and morphology'. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Jessica Murray delivered a paper at the conference The Hillforts of Britain and Ireland. When? Where? And Why? held at University of Oxford Department for Continuing Education, Oxford, on 29/11/2015. There was an audience of approximately 85 individuals, including undergraduate and postgraduate students, academics, heritage professionals, members of the general public, amateur archaeologists and project citizen scientists. Outcomes included a change of views, and continuing and new participation through citizen science.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Paper presented at the conference The Hillforts of Britain and Ireland. When? Where? And Why?, held at University of Oxford Department for Continuing Education, Oxford. Paper entitled 'Capturing Diversity: The Atlas of Hillforts Project' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Gary Lock and Ian Ralston delivered a paper to an audience of approximately 85 undergraduate and postgraduate students, academics, heritage professionals, members of the general public, amateur archaeologists and project citizen scientists at the conference The Hillforts of Britain and Ireland. When? Where? And Why? held at University of Oxford Department for Continuing Education, Oxford, on 29/11/2015. Outcomes included a change of views and continuing and new participation through citizen science. Lock and Ralston were the organisers of this conference, which was directly related to the AHRC Hillfort Atlas project, and which was organised through the Dept of Continung Education, University of Oxford.The vast majority of speakers at the conference were either Project members, Advisory Board members, members of the Hillforts Study group (in association with which the project has been run) Citizen Science participants or otherwise associated with the project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Paper presented at the conference The Hillforts of Britain and Ireland. When? Where? And Why?, held at University of Oxford Department for Continuing Education, Oxford. Paper entitled 'Recent research on hillfort chronology in Ireland'. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Billy O'Brien delivered a paper at the conference The Hillforts of Britain and Ireland. When? Where? And Why? held at University of Oxford Department for Continuing Education, Oxford, on 28/11/2015. There was an audience of approximately 85 individuals, including undergraduate and postgraduate students, academics, heritage professionals, members of the general public, amateur archaeologists and project citizen scientists. Outcomes included a change of views, and continuing and new participation through citizen science.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Paper presented at the conference The Hillforts of Britain and Ireland. When? Where? And Why?, held at University of Oxford Department for Continuing Education, Oxford. Paper entitled 'The dating of hillforts in Britain and Ireland'. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact J A Horn (PhD student on the project working on chronological aspects) delivered a paper at the conference The Hillforts of Britain and Ireland. When? Where? And Why? held at University of Oxford Department for Continuing Education, Oxford, on 29/11/2015. There was an audience of approximately 85 individuals, including undergraduate and postgraduate students, academics, heritage professionals, members of the general public, amateur archaeologists and project citizen scientists. Outcomes included a change of views, and continuing and new participation through citizen science.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Pendon Museum 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Gary Lock gave a presentation at Pendon Museum.

Unknown
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Prehistoric settlement and subsistence: what we know, what we don't know, what we would like to know 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation paper presentation
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Presentation at Building Ancient Lives Day Seminar, Edinburgh, 26/03/2014

Unknown
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Ravensburgh Castle Hillfort Project, new surveys, new investigations - invited lecture by Dr I Brown for Ampthill and District Local History and Archaeological Society 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Ravensburgh Castle Hillfort Project, new surveys, new investigations, plus update on Hillfort Atlas project and outcomes, by Dr I Brown, invited guest speaker to annual Lecture and luncheon of Ampthill and District Local History and Archaeological Society. Ampthill, Hertfordshire on 20 January 2018. c. 60+ present
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Ravensburgh Castle and other Hillforts - invited talk by Dr I Brown to Warden, Fellows and MCR members, Keble College, Oxford. Keble College 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Supporters
Results and Impact Ravensburgh Castle and other Hillforts:. Lecture by Dr I Brown, including update on Hillforts Atlas project and outcomes, to Warden, Fellows and MCR members, Keble College, Oxford. Keble College. c. 15 present, on 17 November 17.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Research Students Iron Age seminar, Liverpool: An Atlas of Hillforts of Britain and Ireland 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Gary Lock gave a presentation to approximately 45 research students on 13/06/2015. Outcomes included a change of views, requests for further information, and offers of data for the project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Ridgeway Hillforts and the Atlas - a talk given by Prof Gary Lock at Benson Village Hall, Oxfordshire,Thames Valley Network University of the Third Age study day: 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Talk given by Prof Gary Lock on November 15th 2017, Benson Village Hall, Oxfordshire,Thames Valley Network University of the Third Age study day, on Ridgeway Hillforts and the Atlas.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, Aberdeen: Antiquaries and Archaeologists in the Depiction of the Hard Edges of Time 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Stratford Halliday gave a presentation to an audience of approximately 20, including professional practitioners, students, informed amateurs and retired professionals from other disciplines at the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, Aberdeen, on 14/02/2015. Outcomes included informing the audience about a strand of research into the recording of hillforts over the last two hundred years.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, Edinburgh: Antiquaries and Archaeologists in the Depiction of the Hard Edges of Time 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Stratford Halliday gave a presentation to an audience of approximately 125, including professional practitioners, students, informed amateurs and retired professionals from other disciplines at the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, Aberdeen, on 13/02/2015. Outcomes included informing the audience about a strand of research into the recording of hillforts over the last two hundred years.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description South Cadbury Day 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Prof Gary Lock took part in South Cadbury Day event, November 2012

Unknown
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Stoke-on-Trent Museum Archaeological Society, Stoke: Mapping hillforts: problems and progress 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Gary Lock gave a presentation to approximately 40 members of the general public, local society members/amateur archaeologists and project citizen scientists at the Stoke-on-Trent Museum Archaeological Society on 08/01/2015. Outcomes included a change of views and further participation through citizen science.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.stokearchaeologysociety.org.uk/html/lectures.html
 
Description Surrey Archaeological Society 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Paula Levick gave a presentation to the Surrey Archaeological Society on 26/10/2013

Unknown
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Survey of Hillforts 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Members of the public have been invited to take part in an ongoing "citizen science" project to map the Iron Age hillforts of Britain and Ireland. Instructions for participants can be found on the project website (http://www.arch.ox.ac.uk/hillforts-atlas-survey.html).

The project has received the following press coverage:
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/education-23203500
http://www.livescience.com/38022-citizen-scientists-map-ancient-hillforts.html
http://www.thesundaytimes.co.uk/sto/news/ireland/article1301846.ece
http://www.spiegel.de/wissenschaft/mensch/hillforts-waelle-in-grossbritannien-sollen-von-laien-kartiert-werden-a-910797.html
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013,2014
URL http://www.arch.ox.ac.uk/hillforts-atlas-survey.html
 
Description Surveys, surveyors, and the Hillfort Atlas of Britain and Ireland, 16/09/2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Talk at the West Linton Historical Society, West Linton.

Unknown.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.westlinton.org.uk/historical/programme
 
Description Surveys, surveyors, and the Hillfort Atlas of Britain and Ireland; 04/11/2013 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Talk at Border Archaeological Society, Berwick, 4/11/13

Unknown
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Surveys, surveyors, and the Hillfort Atlas of Britain and Ireland; 09/04/2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Talk at Edinburgh Archaeological Field Society, 09/04/2014

Unknown
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Surveys, surveyors, and the Hillfort Atlas of Britain and Ireland; 20/02/2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Talk at Peebles Archaeological Society, 20/02/2014

Unknown
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Surveys, surveyors, and the Hillfort Atlas of Britain and Ireland; 26/06/2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Talk as part of Perth Archaeology Month

Unknown
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Talk by Prof Ian Ralston on A New Overview of the later prehistoric Hillforts of Britain and Ireland, presented at Late Prehistoric Fortifications in Europe. Defensive, Symbolic and Territorial Aspects from the Chalcolithic to the Iron Age. Guimaraes, 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Talk presented by Prof Ian Ralston at an international conference under the auspices of the UISPP (Union internationale des sciences pre- et protohistoriques Commission on the Metal Ages and the Sociedad Martins Sarmento on 11th November 2017
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Talk by Strat Halliday titled "Is that a fort on yonder hill?" at Falkland Stewardship Trust, East Lomond Hillfort in Context Day 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Talk presented by Strat Halliday on 11th November 2017 titled Is that a fort on yonder hill? at Falkland Centre for Stewardship, Fife, to a conference titled 'East Lomond Hill in Context'. Audience included the general public, amateur archaeologists and local government archaeologists and influenced local policy and research strategy on Hillforts.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Talk presented by Dr Strat Halliday on Scottish Hillforts, paper presented in Blairgowrie, Perthshire, as part of a series of talks organised by Cateran's Common Wealth, a group stimulating local business; 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Talk presented by Strat Halliday on 25th July 2017 on Scottish Hillforts, paper presented in Blairgowrie, Perthshire, as part of a series of talks organised by Cateran's Common Wealth, a group stimulating local business, also attended by amateur archaeologists involved in local heritage tourism.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description The Atlas of Hillforts in Britain and Ireland - an exercise in Citizen Science' - talk given by Dr Ian Brown at 'Archaeology above and below conference' in 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Talk given by Dr Brown as part of the ArcLand conference at Rathcrogan Visitor Centre, Tulsk, Co Connaught, Ireland, on 5th April 2014. Dr Brown was also invited to chair the conference afternoon session on 5th April.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description The Marcham Society 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Gary Lock gave a presentation to the Marcham Society on 15/10/14

Unknown
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.marchamsociety.org.uk/programme.php
 
Description The investigation of two contrasting hillforts - Ravensburgh Castle, Hertfordshire and Moel Fodig, Denbighshire - invited talk by Dr I Brown at University College, Cork 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact The investigation of two contrasting hillforts - Ravensburgh Castle, Hertfordshire and Moel Fodig, Denbighshire, invited lecture given by Dr I Brown at University College, Cork, advising also on Hillforts project and outcomes, on 6 February 2018. c. 30 present.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Tour of Caer Drewyn Hillforts, Corwen, Denbighshire, by Dr I Brown, for Friends of Clwydian Range and Dee Valley Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Supporters
Results and Impact Tour of Caer Drewyn Hillforts, Corwen, Denbighshire, plus update on Hillfort Atlas project and outcomes, by Dr I Brown for Friends of Clwydian Range and Dee Valley Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. Corwen, Denbighshire. On site.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Tour of Ravensburgh Castle hillfort, Hertfordshire by Dr I Brown for Council of British Archaeology 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Tour of Ravensburgh Castle hillfort, Hertfordshire, with update on Hillfort Atlas project and outcomes, for Council for British Archaeology, (East) by Dr I Brown on 26 June 2016
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Tour of Ravensburgh Castle hillfort, Hertfordshire by Dr I Brown for Council of British Archaeology (South Midlands) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Tour of Ravensburgh Castle hillfort, Hertfordshire, plus update on Hillfort Atlas project and outcomes, by Dr I Brown, for Council for British Archaeology, (South Midlands). On site c. 15 present on 20 May 17.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description University of London Extra-mural Archaeology Society 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Gary Lock gave a presentation to the University of London Extra-mural Archaeology Society on 7/2/14.

Unknown
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Wallingford Historical and Archaeological Society 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Gary Lock gave a presentation at the Wallingford Historical and Archaeological Society.

Unknown
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://www.wallingford.co.uk/files/wfw_november_2013-web.pdf
 
Description Wiltshire Archaeological Society Fieldwork Group 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Gary Lock and Ian Brown gave a talk to the Wiltshire Archaeological Society Fieldwork Group on 23/11/2013

Unknown
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description invited talk and demonstration of the Online Atlas at the AGM of the Hillfort Study Group of Great Britain, Oxford by John Pouncett 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Dissemination of information on online Atlas by John Pouncett on 11th November 2017 to archaeologists with specialist interests in hillforts
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017