An investigation into the synergistic impact of sublethal exposure to industrial chemicals on the learning capacity and performance of bees

Lead Research Organisation: University of Dundee
Department Name: Neuroscience

Abstract

The continual pressure for increased efficiency that has driven the spread of large crop monocultures has in turn increased the risk of pest damage to crops and driven down the density and diversity of natural pollinators and predators. As a result, we find ourselves critically dependent upon pesticides to protect vulnerable crops and the bees to pollinate them. Honeybee populations worldwide are in crisis and bumblebees species and populations are in decline. For honeybees, identified threats include changing climatic conditions and attack by various mites and diseases. Exposure to the varied cocktail of pesticides upon which we rely to protect crops could also be harming beneficial pollinators. Ironically, the miticides used to protect honeybees from mites may also be harmful to bees. The nervous system of all animals operates by the rapid transmission of information between brain cells (neurons) across the brain. Neurons communicate using chemical messengers (e.g. acetylcholine, ACh), to which a neighbouring neuron responds using specific receptors (e.g. ACh receptors, AChRs). To ensure that the message is received only once, excess ACh is rapidly inactivated. The recipient neuron passes this information on to the next neuron and so information spreads rapidly across the brain. This 'excitatory' brain activity is tempered by opposing (inhibitory) activity, whereby some neurons do not respond. Balancing these two opposing signals provides control and limits dangerous hyperactivity in the brain. Many pesticides act by interfering with information flow in the insect brain. Some increase ACh release, or inhibit its removal, while others directly stimulate AChRs or remove the brake by blocking the inhibition. Collectively and at sub-toxic levels, pesticides may act together to alter brain activity as seen for two miticides; Checkmite and Apistan. At low levels, pesticides might trigger hyperactivity to initiate epileptic seizures, mood disorders or altered learning and memory. These sub-toxic effects are poorly understood and the potential for synergy between pesticides is largely unknown. We hypothesise that the chronic exposure of honeybees to miticides combines with sub-toxic agricultural pesticides to disturb critical bee behaviours such as foraging, navigation and communication. Understanding the molecular mechanisms involved in potential synergistic actions of pesticides on behaviour requires a simplified, yet robust, model. To achieve this, we will perform studies directly on neurons purified from bee brains and cultured in the laboratory. These cultures will be used to analyse neuronal responses to pesticides, both alone and in combination. For more long-term and widespread utility (screening and monitoring), we propose to develop novel honeybee cell lines. Results from the neuronal screening approach will be validated using brain slices to monitor electrical brain activity. Using these techniques, we can study the molecular basis of learning and memory and how this is affected by pesticide exposure. To explore the consequences of combined sub-toxic exposures on honeybee and bumblebee health we will investigate their ability to perform learning tasks. We will also assess their navigation, foraging and communication skills using a range of techniques including radio frequency identification tagging of individual bees and decoding the honeybee waggle dance. In addition, we will work in partnership with the Scottish Beekeepers Association (SBA) on a 3-year survey of the impact of environmental chemicals on colony performance. SBA members will also support our data collection with regard to honeybee foraging. This project is a unique opportunity to develop a network of UK scientists with complementary skills and shared goals to address the issues of insect pollinator loss.

Technical Summary

Many industrial and household pesticides act on the insect nervous system. However, significant 'off-target' toxicity can also occur in beneficial insects, including bees. The major classes of nervous system insecticide used in the UK act on synaptic transmission. They include potentiation of voltage-gated sodium channels (pyrethroids), inhibition of acetylcholinesterase (organophosphates & carbamates), activation of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (neonicotinoids) or blocking inhibitory receptor function (thymol, fipronil, avermectins). If present in combination, such agents have potential for additive or synergistic effects. Similarly, fungicides and herbicides have been reported to exhibit unexplained synergy with insecticides. Our multi-disciplinary study will investigate the potential synergistic interactions of industrial agents on bee health using a diverse range of experimental approaches. At the molecular level, quantitative fluorescence assays will use medium throughput screening of cultured bee brain neurons to investigate interactions at the cellular level. These studies will be complemented by brain slice electrophysiology to investigate interactions at the neural network level and the consequences for synaptic plasticity. Results from these screening techniques will feed into behavioural tests of individuals and colonies using a range of learning paradigms in both honeybees and bumblebees. Potential effects of pesticide exposure on bee locomotion, foraging ability and navigation will be determined in laboratory and field experiments. Information generated by the coordinated efforts of all 5 laboratories will be augmented by a survey of experienced amateur beekeepers. Results from this programme will contribute significantly to the development of a co-ordinated strategy on pesticide use to minimise harmful effects to bees. Finally, we aim to develop several bee cell lines that are desperately needed for the rapid screening of future pesticides.

Planned Impact

Our goal is to obtain a better understanding of factors contributing to the decline in insect pollinators, including native pollinators such as bumblebees and cultivated honeybees. Success in this goal will have a profound impact on agriculture and in sustaining agricultural diversity. It is hard to overstate the importance of insect pollinators such as bees. It has been estimated that pollination by managed honeybees contributes £165 million per year to the UK economy. Given that many wildflowers also rely on native insect pollinators, our research will also have an impact on environmental biodiversity and food security. Success in reversing the decline in insect pollinators will have widespread benefits, from commercial farming to domestic honey production by amateur beekeepers. Preservation of insect pollinator density and diversity will have a major impact on UK food yields and economic strength. It is hoped that the information generated from this study will enable strategic decisions to be taken with respect to the development of a coordinated policy on the local use of pesticides. Such policies may empower local authorities to orchestrate the use of diverse pesticides with the intention of maximising their effectiveness, whilst limiting their potential for additive toxicity on non-target species, such as bees. We will also provide advice for beekeepers on best practice of the administration of miticides, from the point of view of minimising potential synergistic effects with the most commonly encountered agricultural and domestic pesticides. It is hoped that the initiation of such policy planning will be provoked by our findings within 5 years. A timely response is essential given the consequences of a continued decline in bee populations. Our research may reveal that pesticides do not appear to contribute significantly to bee species decline. Nevertheless, our contribution to the knowledge base will be both significant and valuable. Furthermore, we will ave formed a new research network bridging the gap between molecular neuroscience and ecology, which will provide a driving force to facilitate the advancement of our understanding of insect pollinators in the environment. If we identify major synergistic interactions between miticides and pesticides, these would have an immediate impact on our economy and food security. Moreover, novel synergistic interactions amongst household pesticides could also have significant implications for human health should they also occur in mammals. There are also implications for synergistic interactions that may occur between multiple natural toxins (possibly interacting with pesticides) produced by toxic blooms of algae and cyanobacteria. These blooms are becoming increasingly common as a result of climate change and may become a major environmental challenge in the future. Key outputs from this research will be the production of novel honeybee cell lines and the publication of our findings in international peer-reviewed journals. The provision of cell lines for screening was a goal that was encouraged at the Insect Pollinator Initiative meeting. To ensure rapid dissemination of our published findings, the applicants will engage the public via University and funding agency press Offices and by presentations to the general public in Dundee, Newcastle and London. We also plan to deliver our findings directly to our collaborators, the Scottish Beekeepers Association (SBA). Results obtained from the SBA surveys will be collated on a yearly basis and a summary will be posted on the SBA's website for open access. With the SBA so intimately involved in this project, they will be perfectly placed to disseminate advice among their ~1000 members particularly with regard to any miticide contribution to the current honeybee problems.

Publications

10 25 50
 
Description Honeybees and other insect pollinators are known to be declining in North America and Europe. Two of the major threats to honeybee health, Varroa destructor and Nosema ceranae have transferred from their native Eastern honeybee host, Apis cerana, to the Western honeybee, Apis mellifera. Varroa destructor has colonized most parts of the world in a short time. Nosema ceranae is spreading into areas where N. apis already exists. N. ceranae has been reported to cause an asymptomatic infection that may lead, ultimately, to colony collapse. Moreover, it has been shown to interact with pesticides to weaken bees further.

It is thought that there may be a temperature barrier to its infiltration into countries in colder climates. In this study, 71 colonies from Scottish Beekeeper's Association members have been screened for the presence of N. apis and N. ceranae across Scotland. We find that only 11/71 of colonies tested positive for spores by microscopy. However, 80.2% of colonies screened by PCR revealed the presence of both N. ceranae and N. apis, with only 4.2% or 7% having either strain alone and 18.3% being Nosema free.

A range of geographically separated colonies testing positive for N. ceranae were sequenced to confirm their identity. All 9 sequences confirmed the presence of N. ceranae and indicated the presence of a single variant. Furthermore, 2 of the spore-containing colonies had only N. ceranae present and these exhibited the presence of smaller spores. Differential quantification of the PCR product revealed N. ceranae to be the dominant species in all 7 samples tested.

In conclusion, N. ceranae is widespread in Scotland where it exists in combination with the endemic N. apis. A single variant, identical to that found in France (DQ374655) except for the addition of a single nucleotide polymorphism, is present in Scotland.

On the risk from neonicotinoids, we have shown that they can reach the bee brain within days at levels sufficient to block brain activity. This does not kill the cells or the bees but it makes them less able to learn to associated floral scent with nectar reward. This impacts whole bumblebee colonies as they are poor foragers and the colony performs poorly.
Individual neonicotinoids can not be pooled for assessment purposes as they activate distinct cell types and exert distinct effects on bees. In particular, despite being the most potent, clothianidin is not toxic to bumblebee colonies at field-relevant levels. Finally, the discovery of neonicotinoids in most honey samples collected globally (Mitchell 2017) lead me to reflect about the risk of chronic exposure and highlight the potential for interactions between the different neonicotinoid-like insecticides and other chemicals.
Exploitation Route Beekeepers should include the screening for Nosema ceranae in their disease monitoring of UK honeybee colonies.

Neonicotinoid use should be avoided as much as possible. Policy change may be required, but further research to compare the toxicity of neonicotinoids to its potential replacements is needed before a ban is implemented.
The mechanistic reasons why clothianidin, despite being the most potent and toxic (at high levels) neonicotinoid, is not toxic to bumblebee colonies, is important. Understanding how to produce newer neonicotinoids with limited toxic effects is now critical. Our lead, will provide a mechanistic opportunity to understand this process and so inform the synthesis of safer, yet effective, pesticides.
Furthermore, our application of cell biology and pharmacology will enable people to follow this paradigm to understand, given a known exposure dose, frequency of exposure and period of exposures, it is possible to determine the actual circulating dose achieved. From this, the acute and chronic effects may be investigated physiologically.
Sectors Agriculture, Food and Drink,Chemicals,Environment

URL http://discovery.dundee.ac.uk/portal/en/research/honeybee-colony-losses-and-threats-in-scotland-20122017(e7982b47-b1a1-4476-b47b-4d8e8291dc09)/export.html
 
Description These findings have been used by the Environmental Audit Committee, EFSA and the media to inform the public on possible threats to bees. Our latest publication (Moffat 2016) was cited by the Expert Committee on Pesticides as evidence to support a reversal of the UK position on the neonicotinoids. This advice was adopted by Michael Gove in his announcement that the UK would support the EU moratorium even after Brexit.
First Year Of Impact 2017
Sector Agriculture, Food and Drink,Chemicals,Environment,Government, Democracy and Justice
Impact Types Cultural,Economic,Policy & public services

 
Description Corresponence with Rt. Hon Sir Menzies Campbell MP
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Implementation circular/rapid advice/letter to e.g. Ministry of Health
 
Description Evidence used by Expert Committee on Pesticides to inform Michael Gove on his decision to support the moratorium on neonicotinoids after Brexit.
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Citation in systematic reviews
URL https://www.gov.uk/government/news/environment-secretary-backs-further-restrictions-on-neonicotinoid...
 
Description IPI project Parliamentary discussion
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a national consultation
 
Description Invitation to join EFSA committee (Multiple Stressors in Bees, MUST-B)
Geographic Reach Asia 
Policy Influence Type Participation in advisory committee
 
Description Motion S4M-01881: Alison Johnstone, Lothian, Scottish Green Party, Date Lodged: 31/01/2012
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
 
Description Nosema ceranae identification technique
Geographic Reach Asia 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact The technique to distinguish Nosema ceranae from Nosema apis (by microscopy) has been requested by a carniolan bee rearing station (via Sarah Waring ) in the Italian Alps (a cross border project and are also involved in the German-led Smartbees research programme) to enable them to monitor the spread of Nosema ceranae.
 
Description Parliamentary PostNote: Protecting insect pollinators from pesticide risk.
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Implementation circular/rapid advice/letter to e.g. Ministry of Health
 
Description Parliamentary discussion - Environmental Audit Committee
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Participation in advisory committee
 
Description Tavish Scott MSP discussion
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
 
Description Tavish Scott MSP discussion
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
 
Description Tavish Scott MSP visit
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Implementation circular/rapid advice/letter to e.g. Ministry of Health
 
Description Award given to enable DR Connolly to train a team of beekeepers in the techniques required to identify Nosema spores (microscopy) and to identify a range of disease threats to honeybees. SASA will collaborate and provide lab facilities.
Amount £18,905 (GBP)
Organisation Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2013 
End 09/2014
 
Description To analyse the honeybee overwintering losses (2011-13) and investigate correlations with weather, geographical features and land use.
Amount £3,320 (GBP)
Organisation Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2013 
End 09/2014
 
Title Patch-clamp recordings from Kenyon cells in acutely isolated bee brain 
Description A new method to record from neurons in a semi-intact bee brain 
Type Of Material Physiological assessment or outcome measure 
Year Produced 2013 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact None known 
URL http://www.nature.com/protocolexchange/protocols/2664
 
Title Sequence of Nosema ceranae variant found in Scotland 
Description This sequence shows intraspecific variation in the 16S SSU of N. ceranae. It is most related to G2 but contains a single nucleotide polymorphism A31C that makes it unique, but present in all samples from Scotland. Sequence is listed in Genbank JQ406638. 
Type Of Material Computer model/algorithm 
Provided To Others? No  
 
Description Beelines Steering Group 
Organisation University of Edinburgh
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The objectives of the steering group will be to: • Advise on the progress of the research • Advise on dissemination/public engagement in the following areas: o Policy o The feasibility of applying for funding for an exhibition to disseminate the findings of the research to a wider public
Collaborator Contribution The objectives of the steering group will be to: • Advise on dissemination/public engagement in the following areas: o Policy o Development of downloadable lesson plans on 'Bees and Society' for primary school children within the framework of the Scottish Curriculum for Excellence o The feasibility of applying for funding for an exhibition to disseminate the findings of the research to a wider public
Impact None yet.
Start Year 2015
 
Description Pollinator Conservation Group 
Organisation University of Cambridge
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Committee set up by University of Cambridge to identify the key questions for protecting insect pollinators.
Start Year 2012
 
Description Expertise needed: New research exposes secret cocktail of toxic pesticides in hedgerows and wildflowers (SMC) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Expert opinion provided on David et al (neonicotinoids in the field)

Story picked up by:

New research exposes hidden cocktail of bee-killing pesticides in hedgerows and wildflowers (Web)
Ecologist - 05/01/2016

Follow up interview with Oliver Moody (Science Correspondent at The Times)

New evidence of damage caused to bees by pesticide use, researchers claim (Web)
Farming Online - 05/01/2016

No safe haven for bees (Web)
Herald Scotland - 06/01/2016

New research shows secret cocktail of toxic pesticides in hedgerows and wildflowers (Web)
Pro Landscaper - 05/01/2016

New evidence of damage caused to bees by pesticide use (Web)
Western Morning News - 05/01/2016
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description "Bees" Posted on September 25, 2012 by Lindsay Sekulowicz 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Participants in your research or patient groups
Results and Impact A poem by artist in residence (St. Andrews University) on our project on the bees. He sits in his office, talking into the phone. His wife would have to take the dogs out, because he couldn't get home early that day because the bees had been stolen. I wondered if that was the way it had happened, and tried hard to imagine the figures covering and moving the hives at night. How did they manage to take them all away without being seen - they must have had a van, and smoke. White-van-white-veiled-ghost-man. Transporting the hives ...
Poem

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description 21st September Public Podcast by Lindsay Sekulowicz 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Participants in your research or patient groups
Results and Impact Podcast wriitten by Lindsay Sekulowicz and presented by Eddie Bolger on the research project at Dundee.

A summary (in their own words/pronouniations) of the problems of species declines, focussing on the insect pollinators and the research from the Dundee project (that includes Newcastle, RHUL and UCL) into the effect of pesticides on bees. Podcast by mercyonline.co.uk/podcasts at http://soundcloud.com/mercyuk/21-september-podcast

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Advice given to Tasha Singh for BBC1 documentary "Food: Truth or Scare" 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Interview on the issues of pesticides in food production, their risk to the environment and human health.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Adviser to Buglife 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact To review scientific manuscripts on the risk from pesticides to enable Buglife to make an appropriate response to their supporters and the general public.

Response on the relevance of the publications made to the public, government and their supporters.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description All Party Parliamentary Group on Pesticides 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Government working group meeting with 'stakeholders'

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description Article by Jack Nightingale in 'The Scottish Beekeeper' July 2012, vol 89, no. 7. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Participants in your research or patient groups
Results and Impact Article regarding the results of our SBA survey on overwintering success of honeybee colonies in Scotland 2011-12. The results indicate severe bee losses are not evenly distributed across Scotland, but are concentrated in the east of Scotland. This article discusses the implications of our findings.

See also the letter by Magnus Peterson which follows up on our finding and matches it with historical data. Research by Dr Chris Connolly at Dundee University suggests a strong east/west divide in winter colony losses in Scotland, the divide is so marked it is raising eyebrows up and down the country. ...... Information dissemination

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Article for 'Honey Colony' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Article published on site accessed by UK beekeepers

Article published
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Article for 'The Scottish Beekeeper' 90th Anniversary edition 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Magazine sent to all SBA members (over 1100).

Good feedback received from beekeepers
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Article in American Chemical Society 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Participants in your research or patient groups
Results and Impact Featured Articles



'Europe to Ban Neonicotinoid Pesticides for 2 Years'



By Jeffrey M. Perkel ""What we need is an empirical testing of toxicity of the neonicotinoids alongside their alternatives so that we can determine which is the safest way forward to less toxic chemical approaches to pest control," says Christopher Connolly, Reader in Neurobiology at the University of Dundee, who lead one peer-reviewed study." Article May 2013 Vol. 2, issue 5.

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Article in HeraldScotland 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Newspaper article "Bumblebee brains impaired by low levels of pesticides"

Not known
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.heraldscotland.com/news/environment/bumblebee-brains-impaired-by-low-levels-of-pesticides...
 
Description Article in New Scientist 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Interview to explain and provide evidence for an article on bee health.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Article in Telegraph on Dundee research 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Article on risk of neonicotinoids to honeybees and the results from the brain electrophysiology "If bees are exposed to these neonicotinoids their ability to learn and remember is impaired. If they cannot do that they cannot feed and the whole colony suffers," she said.



The University of Dundee, that also looked at the results, concluded for the first time that neonicotinoids have a direct impact on the actual physiology of bees' brains. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/earth/earthnews/9957303/Pesticides-damage-the-brains-of-bees.html

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://www.telegraph.co.uk/earth/earthnews/9957303/Pesticides-damage-the-brains-of-bees.html
 
Description Article in The Courier 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Increased knowledge of the research findings and their impact

NFU praised the study and said they needed to consider the findings carefully.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.thecourier.co.uk/business/farming/scottish-study-claims-to-prove-pesticides-are-harming-b...
 
Description Article in The Scottish Farmer 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Comments on recent article (David et al) for farmers.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Article in the French Tribune 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Neonicotinoid Pesticides Damage Brain of HoneyBees: Study Submitted by Raoul Girard A published study in the Nature Communications by scientists from the University of Dundee and Newcastle University has shed light on the fact that neonicotinoids and organophosphate miticides can cause cognitive damage in bees.



Researchers have explained that there is a possibility of an "epileptic-type" hyperactivity spurt, followed by a closure of neurons. According to them, the bee stays alive but its brain lobes fail to communicate with each other.
http://frenchtribune.com/teneur/1317029-neonicotinoid-pesticides-damage-brain-honeybees-study

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://frenchtribune.com/teneur/1317029-neonicotinoid-pesticides-damage-brain-honeybees-study
 
Description Articles about the Stephen Fry award for public engagement and the research project 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Newspaper:

The Herald: http://www.heraldscotland.com/comment/herald-view/time-for-bee-friending.23134275

Compute Scotland: http://www.computescotland.com/bee-neuroscientist-awarded-6839.php

TV: BBC Scotland.

Radio: Radio Tay and Wave 102

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.computescotland.com/bee-neuroscientist-awarded-6839.php
 
Description Attendance at a workshop at EFSA headquarters (Parma, Italy) to develop priorities on the multiple stressors to bees. 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Expert meeting to determine the key priorities for EFSA to improve bee health.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description BBC Countryfile magazine 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Advice provided for the article on the risks facing insect pollinators

None known
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description BBC News 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Neonicotinoid pesticides 'damage brains of bees'

By Rebecca Morelle Science reporter, BBC World Service Commonly used pesticides are damaging honey bee brains, studies suggest.



Scientists have found that two types of chemicals called neonicotinoids and coumaphos are interfering with the insect's ability to learn and remember.



Experiments revealed that exposure was also lowering brain activity, especially when the two pesticides were used in combination.



The research is detailed in two papers in Nature Communications and the Journal of Experimental Biology. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-21958547

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-21958547
 
Description BBC Newsnight 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Pre-recorded interview on the EU moratorium an evidence on the effects of neonicotinoids TV programme

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description BBC Radio 4 'World at One' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Live radio interview discussing the EU moratorium on the use of the neonicotinoids. Research into the effects of neonicotinoids

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description BBC Radio Scotland interview on our paper (Moffat 2016) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Live radio interview on the findings of our manuscript.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description BBC World TV News 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach international
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Live interview on EU moratorium on the neonicotinoids Commentary on the EU moratorium

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description BBKA Spring Convention 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Participants in your research or patient groups
Results and Impact Presentation of IPI project results to BBKA members (~60) at the Spring Convention at Harper Adams University Field relevant levels of neonicotinoids have adverse effects on honeybee and bumblebee brain function, behaviour and performance. Abstract in BBKA report and dialogue of questions/answers recorded and published

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description BBS World Service live interview 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Live radio interview at BBC Glasgow studios

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description BBSRC Case Study 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact BBSRC case report on our engagement project with beekeepers to train them to screen for bee diseases.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.bbsrc.ac.uk/news/impact/pollinators-research-benefits-policy-making-environment/
 
Description Bee scare buzzes into Tweeddale 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact A STUDY into the survival of struggling honey bees has found the Tweed Valley is amongst the worst for mortality rates. The research by the University of Dundee has prompted for greater action to tackle the decline of the species.



The science team, with help from members of the Scottish Beekeepers Association, studied more than 600 colonies across the country in 2011/12. Of 274 colonies examined in the east of the country, 58, or 21 per cent, failed. By contrast, just 14 of 286 colonies failed in the west, a smaller decline of about five per cent.



But more worrying, locally, is that the Tweed Valley population was decimated by just under 20 per cent - one of the worst hit areas in the country.

Scientists believe the presence of intensive agriculture and large areas of oilseed rape in the east could be linked to the poorer results for the area................

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Bees in eastern Scotland have lower survival rate, researchers say 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact University of Dundee researchers have warned of a "striking" difference in honey bee survival rates between the east and west of Scotland.



Scientists studied more than 600 colonies across the country over 12 months.



Of 274 colonies examined in the east of the country, 58, or 21%, failed, while only 14 of 286 colonies failed in the west, a decline of about 5%. Intensive agriculture in the east could be linked to the poorer results for the area.

However, they criticised the way data on pesticide use is gathered - or not gathered - saying the current system makes it impossible to properly determine what is causing honey bees to die. It could be that the lack of natural habitat is the cause. Dr Connolly is demanding the centralised recording of data so that the "multiple threats" to bees can be analysed properly. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-scotland-tayside-central-21575172

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-scotland-tayside-central-21575172
 
Description Blog article for The Biochemist. 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact "Environmental Pharmacology: How safe is our chemical jungle?" Blog about how pharmacology may offer new insight into the assessment of risk from industrial chemicals used in our environment.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://thebiochemistblog.com/2017/10/20/environmental-pharmacology-how-safe-is-our-chemical-jungle/
 
Description Chris Moffat article in 'Buzzword' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact None yet
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Chris Moffat talk toBBCT 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Supporters
Results and Impact Stimulated interest in helping with future research projects

A request for an article for publication in their newsletter "Buzzword"
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Coffin Road 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Advised Peter May in his writing of a novel based on our research into the effects of Neonicotinoids on bees. Interview given to Sunday Mail for 2 page article on the novel and the science behind it.
Follow up media coverage was extensive, with the research being discussed on the BBC Radio 2 Book Club with Simon Mayo (01/02/16).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015,2016
URL https://www.facebook.com/petermayauthor
 
Description Comment on the Scottish Pollinator Strategy 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Expert advice given on the draft document provided by Scottish Natural Heritage.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.snh.gov.uk/consultations/our-consultations/
 
Description Comments on countryfile 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact BBC Countryfile online article on discussions on the neonicotinoid ban
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Contribution to University of Dundee brochure on why to engage with stakeholders. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Contribution to the narrative on why it is important to engage with the public, providing a case study of the BBSRC-funded research into the neonicotinoids.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Crest Award supervision 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Hosted a 'Crest Award' project for BB (aged 11, Stirling). Project

involved the isolation of bee abdomens and microscopic evaluation of

Nosema infection from colonies around Scotland. This work contributed to

the discovery of the existence of a major honeybee disease in Scotland

(manuscript under review). samples for PCR analysis

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description Documentary on Citizen Science 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Documentary made for presentation to The Wellcome Trust

Documentary made
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Dundee High School 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Over 100 school children attended and asked questions

Children were to speak to parents about their use of pesticides in the home and garden.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Dunkeld Cafe Science. 17th November 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Talk not yet given.

No impacts yet
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Emma Marangoni MSc dissertation 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact To help a student from Edinburgh University studying an MSc in Environmental Sustainability, working on her dissertation, concerning conflicts involving different views on what counts as evidence, and looking at the debate surrounding pollinators and neonicotinoid pesticides as a case study.


The student benefitted from a new perspective to consider.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Evidence given at the House of Commons Environmental Audit Committee inquiry into insects and insecticides 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Evidence has been provided in writing (http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201213/cmselect/cmenvaud/writev/668/contents.htm) and in person at the inquiry meeting on 28th November 2012, 2.15pm and video recording available on the Parliamentary TV archive site

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Expert advice on European Academies Science Advisory Council report on neonicotinoids 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact No result known yet.

After this interview I was contacted by BBC News (website) to discuss the results of our latest paper (Moffat 2015) and they sent a copy to Syngenta for comment.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://foreignaffairs.co.nz/2015/04/09/expert-reaction-to-report-on-pollinators-and-neonicotinoids-p...
 
Description Expert opinion given on new review (Godfray et al 2015) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Comments made on updated review of
Godfray, H.C.J., Blacquiere, T., Field, L.M., Hails, R.S. Petrokofsky, G., Potts, S.G. Raine, N.E., Vanbergen, A.J., McLean, A.R. 2014. A restatement of the natural science evidence base concerning neonicotinoid insecticides and insect pollinators. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, Biological Sciences 281, 20140558 [DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2014.0558].

Not yet published
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Expert opinion on new study from Goulson lab (December 2015) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Supporters
Results and Impact Expert opinion on research paper form Goulson lab requested by The Soil Association.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description France 5 TV story 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Interview on IPI project looking into the role of pesticides Recording also available for a long time at:

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
 
Description Friends of Botanic Garden talk 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Sparked questions and informed future policy for "Bonnie Dundee" group which in turn is part of the "Beautiful Scotland" campaign to provide planting in Dundee and Scotland.

I have been invited to meet with the volunteers and council staff to help eliminate insecticide use in Dundee and move to pollinator friendly flowers.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Friends of Dundee Botanic Gardens 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Supporters
Results and Impact Not yet published
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Guardian article on Dundee research paper (Damian Carrington) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The new findings on the effect of pesticides on bee brains showed that within 20 minutes of exposure to neonicotinoids the neurons in the major learning centre of the brain stopped firing. Christopher Connolly at the University of Dundee, who led the peer-reviewed work published in the online journal Nature Communications, said it was the first to show the pesticides had a direct impact on pollinator brain physiology. http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/2013/mar/27/pesticide-bees-scent-food-neocotinoid



Several hundred newspaper other press articles published across the globe.

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/2013/mar/27/pesticide-bees-scent-food-neocotinoid
 
Description Guardian newspaper article 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Bee-harming pesticides banned in Europe

EU member states vote ushers in continent-wide suspension of neonicotinoid pesticides

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Honeybee parasite found in Scotland 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Article published on 'Planet Earth Online' A parasite affecting honeybees has been spotted in Scotland for the first time, potentially posing a new threat to our battered bee population. http://planetearth.nerc.ac.uk/news/story.aspx?id=1367

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://planetearth.nerc.ac.uk/news/story.aspx?id=1367
 
Description I F*****g love Science.com 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Research paper findings published on IFL Science received ~19,000 Facebook Likes, >800 comments and >7,000 Forwards.

A public debate has been stimulated.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL https://www.facebook.com/IFeakingLoveScience/posts/1033066576714353
 
Description Informal discussions with the Graduate Women Scotland East Study Group on the science behind the novel 'Coffin Road' 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Taking questions from a reading group on the science behind 'Coffin Road' and how the process of interaction between an author and a scientists works to deliver a credible story line.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Insect pollinators: linking research and policy 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Organized by the Science & Innovation network, Department of Business

Innovation & Skills and the Foreign & Commonwealth Office. Included

stakeholders from BBKA, BBSRC, DEFRA, FERA, HSE, NFU, POST and

Scottish Government. none

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Institute talk to SASA 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach regional
Primary Audience Participants in your research or patient groups
Results and Impact Science and Advice for Scottish Agriculture (SASA) Controlling excitability in the brain and the potential effects of pesticides on

human and insect health none

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
 
Description Interview by Spanish Media 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Interview on the threats to bees to inform the Spanish public about the global problem of pollinator losses
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://one.lavanguardia.com/
 
Description Interview for CNN (honeybee fertility) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Interview for CNN on honeybee fertility and other threats to their health.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Interview for Reuters (Kate Kelland) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Interview on our latest publication (Moffat 2016) and this story was picked up by multiple media outlets.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Interview for The Guardian about our manuscript (Moffat 2016) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Interview for newspaper article on the findings of our study.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2016/apr/28/
 
Description Interview for The Independent 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Article in The Independent.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Interview for The Organic Radio Show (New York) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Live radio interview on the multiple stressors to bees and our research in particular.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Interview for article in Sunday Mail 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Interview on the general problems face by bees.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Interview for newspaper article in El Pais. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Interview with Miguel Criado on the neonicotinoids
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://elpais.com/elpais/2017/10/05/ciencia/1507209390_988942.html
 
Description Interview on STV 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Story about Scottish Wildlife Trust's call for a moratorium on the use of neonicotinoids and the research being carried out in our lab.

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://player.stv.tv/programmes/news-at-six-dundee-tayside-full/2013-01-09-1800/ and it starts at 14...
 
Description Interview on Swiss Public Radio 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Radio discussion with Katharina Bochsler about my article published in Science on the need to monitor pesticide use and its consequences better.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Interview on the Kelly Cutrara Show on Talk Radio AM640 in Toronto. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Interview about the science in my Perspectives article published in Science.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Interview to 3rd year students making a programme on our research paper (Moffat 2016) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact Advice provided to students and interviewed by them in order to make a public film explaining our research paper.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://youtu.be/p5GUdm4CrCk
 
Description Interview to The Guardian on the EPA findings on the risk from neonicotinoids 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Article published in The Guardian, including my expert comments.

A follow up interview was provided to Erik Stokstad (Science).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2016/jan/06/honeybee-populations-decline-pesticides-united-st...
 
Description Interview with Naked Scientists' (University of Cambridge) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact A Radio broadcast was made for deliver to the BBC and ABC (Australia's no.1 radio station).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Interview with Oregon Department of Agriculture 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Interview and requested copy of our latest manuscript (Moffat 2016) provided as evidence.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Invitation to talk to Barnhill Rock Garden (23/3/16) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Talk not given yet
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Invitation to talk to Scottish Wildlife Trust Group (19/10/15, Aberfeldy) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Supporters
Results and Impact Talk not yet given, however a contact has been made for future help in our bee research by the provision of field sites.

Talk not yet given
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Invited seminar Southampton University 28/01/13 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Seminar on bee research to School of Biological Sciences New contacts for future research projects

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://www.parliament.uk/post
 
Description Invited seminar at St.Andrews 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach local
Primary Audience Participants in your research or patient groups
Results and Impact University of St. Andrews, School of Medical Sciences Controlling excitability in the brain and the potential effects of pesticides on human

and insect health none

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
 
Description Invited seminar at University of Aberdeen 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Participants in your research or patient groups
Results and Impact University of Aberdeen, Institute of Medical Sciences Controlling excitability in the brain and the potential effects of pesticides on human and insect health none

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description Invited seminar for CECHR 13/02/13 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Seminar for researchers from University of Dundee, James Hutton Institute (Dundee and Aberdeen) and University of St. Andrews. none

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Live Radio interview on BBC Radio Scotland with Mhairi Stuart 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact None known
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Live radio interviews 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact BBC Scotland

BBC Ireland

RTE "Moonie Show" Interviews on research funding from IPI. none

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
 
Description Media coverage of recent paper (Moffat 2015) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Examples of media coverage:

http://www.clickgreen.org.uk/research/data/125972-study-links-pesticide-use-to-dying-colonies-of-zombie-bees-.html

http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/04/150430113351.htm

http://www.sanantoniopost.com/index.php/sid/232454937

http://www.taipeitimes.com/News/editorials/archives/2015/04/26/2003616800/2



Many requests for the pdf received.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/04/150430113351.htm
 
Description Membership of 'Beelines' steering group 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Steering group chaired by Rebecca Marsland (Edinburgh) to advise on policy, research, public engagement and the provision of a lesson plan 'Bees and Society' for primary schools, within the framework of the Scottish Curriculum for Excellence.
Results of this engagement will follow.


None yet.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.san.ed.ac.uk/research/grants_and_projects/current_projects/beelines
 
Description Membership of Urban Pollinators Conservation Delivery Group 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Committee is to develop strategies to protect urban pollinators by providing advice to, and engagement of, the public.

Project is ongoing 2014-17.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Nature article 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Participants in your research or patient groups
Results and Impact Review of the evidence for and against the neonicotinoids Experts lined up to criticize the field study. Neuroscientist Christopher Connolly of the University of Dundee, UK, who has studied the effect of neonicotinoids in bee brains, says that the control colonies themselves were contaminated with the pesticides, and that thiamethoxam was detected in two of the three bee groups tested, even though it was not used in the experiment. Goulson agrees, saying of the study:"In many ways, it was appalling." No one from DEFRA was available to talk to Nature.

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Nature news comments (on Rundlof 2015 and Kessler 2015) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact My comments contributed to the media coverage of these 2 studies (one of which was funded by this BBSRC grant).

High level of media activity resulted, including coverage by IFL Science (http://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/bees-prefer-nectar-laced-pesticides)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.nature.com/news/bee-studies-stir-up-pesticide-debate-1.17366
 
Description Neonicotinoid Conference (Organised and chaired by Connolly & Wright) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation workshop facilitator
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Over 100 attendees from academics, industrial scientists, policymakers, media and the public.

Over 1000 views of You Tube final discussion.

over 900 views on YouTube
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6pbCGDWed68
 
Description Newspaper article (Sunday Times, 08/04/12) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Commentary on the role of pesticides in the decline of insects none

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Newspaper article about my article published in Science. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Interview about the ubiquitous presence of the neonicotinoids globally and what this meant to the environment.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.ibtimes.co.uk/pesticide-that-wiping-out-bees-found-75-worlds-honey-1642026
 
Description Newspaper articles (June-July 2010) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Many articles (22nd June 2010) and several subsequently, including The Times,

The Telegraph, The Guardian, Daily Mail, LeMonde (France 28th July 2010;

includes the daily cartoon featuring the bee story). Includes daily cartoon in Le Monde featuring a tagged bee. none

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
 
Description Nominated and shortlisted for the Scottish Life Science Awards (in Community Engagement) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact The talk sparked many questions.
On line story - http://www.scottish-enterprise.com/knowledge-hub/articles/comment/bee-ambitious

Video clip - https://savav.app.box.com/s/xbx8bkoppvn6z7prjm5okjqt923sv9at

Impacts yet to be determined
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.scottish-enterprise.com/knowledge-hub/articles/comment/bee-ambitious
 
Description Online article in 'Farming Futures' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact None known.

NFU contacted me to learn about the findings and then praised the work in the Courier
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.farmingfutures.org.uk/blog/bee-brains-and-colony-health-jeopardised-neonicotinoid-exposur...
 
Description Opinion on bee threats submitted to Scottish Pollinator initiative. 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Evidence provided to help shape Scotland's pollinator strategy.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description POSTnote and POSTbox contributions 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Type Of Presentation Keynote/Invited Speaker
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Houses of Parliament (Parliamentary Office of Science & Technology) information for MP's. Neonicotinoid insecticides

Highly toxic to insects, but of low toxicity to vertebrates, they act by disrupting the insect nervous system. However, major concerns have arisen about how pollinating insects are affected by neonicotinoids (clothianidin, imidacloprid and thiamethoxam).
POSTnote and POSTbox articles

www.parliament.uk/post

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://www.parliament.uk/post
 
Description Parliamentary Office of Science & Technology presentation in Houses of Parliament 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Raised new questions to policymakers, MP's and Lords in the debate(s) on pesticide use and regulation.

Policymakers, MP's and Lords now realise the potential for unforeseen risk from the use of multiple pesticides and the need for their local use to be recorded by Government.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Parliamentary discussion 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact IPI bee/pesticide project discussed during Parliamentary debate on 25/01/11

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description Perth U3A 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Over 100 U3A members attended and asked many questions.

Many would give up their use of pesticides in the garden.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Planet Earth online article 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Participants in your research or patient groups
Results and Impact Bee brain study reveals pesticide effect



27 March 2013, by Alex Peel The brain function of important pollinators can be affected by pesticides even at low concentrations, say scientists.

Bees



The study, published in Nature Communications, finds that neonicotinoid and organophosphate pesticides disturb the function of the honeybees' learning centre in the brain.

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://planetearth.nerc.ac.uk/news/story.aspx?id=1420
 
Description Presentation to International Union of Pharmacologists (IUPHAR) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Talk to International Union of Pharmacologists to persuade them to support the development of a database on pesticides. To include pharmacological detail to inform scientists, the media and the public of the detailed potency of pesticides on insects. Lay guidance will be provided to ensure a full understanding and likely risks from each compound.

Once established, the committee will be available for comment on likely risks to the environment without any bias. This will be a considered and collective commentary and will take around 6 months before a reliable response can be provided. This will allow a scientific voice of reason to be heard about the polarised debate that rares currently.
The IUPHAR Executive offered their full support and financial support for the project will commence immediately.

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.iuphar-db.org/
 
Description Presentation to Parliament, organised by 38 Degrees. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Presentation to MPs at Parliament on the threats to bees. Several MPs (~20) present for talk and over 100 attended to give their support. The MP's present all signed a letter to the PM urging that that all scientific evidence is considered.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Presentation to Primary 7 shool children at Wormit Primary School. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Talk and games with school children to explain our research and what they could do at home to help bees. The questions went on for about 30 minutes and the children took home a quiz to ID insect pollinators and an advice sheet for their parents on how to garden for pollinators.
The class used this information to submit to the First Lego League and won the best project prize. They also adapted the advice leaflet I prepared and sent this 'Create a Garden Nature Reserve' leaflet to The First Minister, Nicola Sturgeon, and received a reply and has forwarded it to MSP Roseanna Cunningham, Cabinet Secretary for Environment, Climate Change and Land Reform.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.fifedirect.org.uk/news/index.cfm?fuseaction=news.display&objectid=50162B18-BDF3-E2D0-F579...
 
Description Public broadcast on the radio station Deutschlandfunk 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Radio interview on the risks of neonicotinoids to insect pollinators. Discussion of the neonicotinoid issue and the upcoming conference (The Imoact of Pesticides on Bee Health, 22-24/01/14) to discuss this issue. none

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Public debate funded by British Science Association "Does it matter who funds science?" 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact A debate (at St. Andrews university) on the UK funding mechanisms, highlighting the need for non-Research Council funding avenues and the safeguarding required to maintain independence and scientific credibility with the public.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://risweb.st-andrews.ac.uk/portal/en/activities/future-debates-panel-discussion-does-it-matter-...
 
Description Public lecture to Ayr Beekeepng Association 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Talk on research into pesticides and results of SBA surveys

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Public presentation to 'Bonnie Dundee' Dundee's Britain in Bloom gardeners 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Talk sparked interest in adapting the Dundee's 'Britain in Bloom' to address the plight of insect pollinators by avoiding pesticides and planting only insect pollinator friendly plants.

Keen interest in changing their practices to provide for insect pollinators and also to collaborate in future on a public garden to educate the public.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Public talk CropWorld 2010 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact To "CropWorld 2010" The decline of the honeybee and potential for pesticide involvement none

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
 
Description Public talk TO Peebles Beekeepers Association 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Peebles Beekeepers Association "Getting excited about the

environment" A talk on the potential impact of environmental toxins to human and

animal health. none

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description Public talk at National Honey Show 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact National Honey Show Learning to forage in the floral supermarket. Invited speaker. none

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description Public talk to Association of Independent Crop Consultants 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Association of Independent Crop Consultants The decline of the honeybee and potential for pesticide involvement none

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description Public talk to Ayr & West Beekeepers Association 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Ayr & West Beekeepers Association "Getting excited about the environment" A talk on the potential impact of environmental toxins to human and animal health none

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description Public talk to British Beekeepers Association 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Talk to British Beekeepers Influence of nutrition and pesticides on bee learning and memory None

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description Public talk to British Beekeepers Association 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Talk given to the British Beekeepers Association Beekeepers The decline of the honeybee and potential for pesticide involvement None

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description Public talk to British Beekeepers Association (Spring Convention) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact British Beekeepers Association Spring Convention An investigation into the synergistic impact of sub-lethal exposure to industrial chemicals on the learning capacity and performance of bees. none

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description Public talk to Bucks County Beekeepers Association 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Bucks County Beekeepers Association none

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description Public talk to Dunblane Beekeepers Association 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Dunblane Beekeepers Association The current risks of pesticides to bee health none

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Public talk to Dundee residents 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact DT Public seminar series "Getting over-excited by the environment?

The impact of pesticides on the nervous system of insects and man." none

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Public talk to Edinburgh & Midlothian Beekeepers Association 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Edinburgh & Midlothian Beekeepers Association "Getting excited about the environment" A talk on the potential impact of environmental toxins to human and animal health none

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description Public talk to Fife Beekeepers Association 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Fife Beekeepers Association, "Getting excited about the environment" A talk on the potential impact of environmental toxins to human and animal health none

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description Public talk to Forfar U3A 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Talk about our research and the multiple threats to pollinators
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Public talk to Fortingall Beekeepers Association 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Fortingall Beekeepers Association "Getting excited about the environment" A talk on the potential impact of environmental toxins to human and animal health.

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description Public talk to Hexham Beekeepers Association 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Hexham Beekeepers Association, talk, October - pesticides on bee learning and memory (GW). Influence of nutrition and pesticides on bee learning and memory none

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description Public talk to Probus (Broughty Ferry group) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Talk to retired businessmen on the threats to insect pollinators.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Radio 5 Live 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Live radio debate (with Julian Little, Bayer) on the risks of neonicotinoids to pollinators

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Recorded interview - Radio Tay 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach regional
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Recorded interview on bee decline

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
 
Description Registered users only Bee scare buzzes into Tweeddale 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Peeblesshire News article:

A study into the survival of struggling honey bees has found the Tweed Valley is amongst the worst for mortality rates. A study into the survival of struggling honey bees has found the Tweed Valley is amongst the worst for mortality rates.

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://www.peeblesshirenews.com/news/roundup/articles/2013/03/09/449378-bee-scare-buzzes-into-tweedd...
 
Description SBA article on honey yield 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact SB article on the honey yield on honeybee colonies in Scotland in 2015.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description SBA article on overwintering 2014-15 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact A report in the Scottish Beekeeper (December 2015) on Scottish colony survival rates over the winter of 2014-15.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description STV interview on EU moratorium 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Discussion of our research and the EU decision

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Science Media Centre expert comments (on Rundlof 2015 and Kessler 2015) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Widespread distribution of comments, for example:

http://www.sciencemediacentre.org/expert-reaction-to-report-on-pollinators-and-neonicotinoids-published-by-the-european-academies-science-advisory-council-easac/

http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2015/apr/22/bees-may-become-addicted-to-nicotine-like-pesticides-study-finds)

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-32399907

Further requests for expert advise have followed (eg. on the proposed feasibility and ethical issues surrounding a plan for the first human head transplant next year).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.sciencemediacentre.org/expert-reaction-to-report-on-pollinators-and-neonicotinoids-publis...
 
Description Science News for Students 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Why are bees vanishing?



Scientists find a combination of threats may explain declining honeybee populations

by Alison Pearce Stevens

9:39am, January 10, 2014
Explanation of the treats to bees and other pollinators https://student.societyforscience.org/article/why-are-bees-vanishing-pesticides-disease-other-threats

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL https://student.societyforscience.org/article/why-are-bees-vanishing-pesticides-disease-other-threat...
 
Description Scientific Advisor on novel (Coffin Road) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact This was to advise on the scientific accuracy and help devise a credible plot for the novel. The novel is about pesticides and bees (details and author's name is confidential at this stage). Book is due to be launched in January 2016. Although this is fiction, it will play an important role in reaching a new and larger audience to think about this issue.

Novel not yet published
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Scientists comment on UK government decision to authorise the limited use of two neonicotinoid pesticides 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Not known
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Scientists comment on new study on neonicotinoid toxicity to honeybees, as published in Proceedings of the Royal Society B Wednesday 18 November 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Science Media Centre coverage:

BBC (quotes Scott Hayward, Christopher Connolly, Peter Campbell, Alan Dewar)
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-34846629

Press Association (quotes Christopher Connolly, Scott Hayward)
e.g. https://uk.news.yahoo.com/nicotine-pesticides-damaging-bee-colonies-study-believes-000143134.html#2y3iANk

Times (quotes Christopher Connolly, Scott Hayward)
http://www.thetimes.co.uk/tto/science/article4616636.ece

Clips

BBC (quotes Scott Hayward, Christopher Connolly, Peter Campbell, Alan Dewar)
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-34846629

Story picked up by Oliver Moody (Science Correspondent at The Times) and telephone interview given.

expert reaction to new study on neonicotinoid toxicity to ...
www.sciencemediacentre.org/expert-reaction-to-new-study-on-neonicoti...

http://www.sciencemediacentre.org/tag/bees-neonicotinoids/. Dr Christopher Connolly, Reader in the Medical Research Institute, University of Dundee, said:.
Bees and pesticides 'missing link' found - BBC News
www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-34846629

French researchers say neonicotinoid pesticides harm individual honeybees, but ... His comments were echoed by Dr Christopher Connolly of the University of ...
Nicotine-liked pesticides damaging bee colonies, study finds
www.westernmorningnews.co.uk/Nicotine-liked...bee.../story.html

The bees counteract the immediate impact of neonicotinoid pesticides by producing ... Commenting on the new research, Dr Christopher Connolly, from the ...
Nicotine-like pesticides damaging bee colonies, new study ...
https://uk.news.yahoo.com/nicotine-pesticides-damaging-bee-colonies-st...

The bees counteract the immediate impact of neonicotinoid pesticides by producing ... Commenting on the new research, Dr Christopher Connolly, from the ...
Bees and pesticides 'missing link' - Britainweekly.com
britainweekly.com/scitechnology/.../bees-and-pesticides-missing-link/

French researchers contend neonicotinoid pesticides mistreat particular honeybees, ... His comments were echoed by Dr Christopher Connolly of a University of ...
The Financialexpress-bd
www.thefinancialexpress-bd.com/2015/11/18/118578/print

Another study found neonicotinoids had a negative effect on bees in the wild. ... Commenting on the research, Dr Christopher Connolly of the University of ...
Bees and pesticides 'missing link' found | Travel and Life
travelandlife.net > Living

French researchers say neonicotinoid pesticides hurt individual honeybees, ... His comments were echoed by Dr St. Christopher Little Mo Connolly of the ...
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.thetimes.co.uk/tto/science/article4616636.ece
 
Description Scientists' letter to government published in The Daily Telegraph, 26 June 2013 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact 1 page advert intended to alert the public and government to the issues and way forward. "You don't have to be a scientist

to work out why we need

a Bee Action Plan. But it helps.

LEADING UK SCIENTISTS ARE CALLING ON THE GOVERNMENT

TO IMPLEMENT A COMPREHENSIVE BEE ACTION PLAN"

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Scottish Beekeepers Magazine article (August 2012) 'Investigation of winter loss rates' 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Based on our observation in the SBA survey for overwintering of honeybees in Scotland, these authors assess whether the observed difference in east v west survival rates correlates with foraging on oilseed rape (OSR). Using historical data not previously analysed in this way, they find a 2-fold increase in overwintering failures when colonies had foraged on OSR. This was true for all years on which they held data: 2006-7, 2007-8 and 2010-11.

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Scottish Beekeepers Magazine article (August 2012) Results of SBA overwintering failures (OSR 2011-12) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Following on from our discovery of the honeybee decline being predominant in the east of Scotland (compared to the west), we have analysed the honeybee losses with respect to their foraging on oilseed rape (OSR). We find that approximately 30% of colonies foraging on OSR fail to successfully overwinter (2011-12) compared to an overwintering failure of ~16% in bees not exposed to OSR.



See also: Magnus Peterson and Alison Gray (University of Strathclyde) have reported ("The Scottish Beekeeper") identical results for 2006-7 (29% v 15%), 2007-2008 (35% v 19%) and 2010-11 (30% v 15%).

Together, these findings identify that losses are greater in the east of Scotland, begin in parallel with the increased/altered use of neonicotinoids and correlate with foraging on OSR. These are the first independent field surveys to explore honeybee survival rates in relation to OSR crops. Does this also hold true for other pollinators? Information dissemination and clear identification of correlation of OSR with honeybee declines in Scotland over the last 3-5 years.

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Scottish Beekeepers Magazine article (July 2012) - East v West divide (Peterson et al) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Participants in your research or patient groups
Results and Impact 'Identification of localised honeybee losses in Scotland'

We now have evidence for a 3- fold increase in honeybee colonies in the east of Scotland in 2011-2012 (to be published in full in SBA magazine shortly). This is a major advance in identifying possible causes. Serious losses (~20% of colonies) occurred in the east of Scotland in 2011-12, compared to only 6.1% losses in the west of Scotland. This discovery has spurred Magnus Peterson and Alison Gray.
Our research identifies the existence of a major threat to honeybee health that appears to be localised in the east of Scotland, but not the west. This discovery has now been corroborated by this independent study and identified that the difference in honeybee survival rates began around 4 years ago.




Our findings have been corroborated by independent researchers at the University of Strathclyde and disseminated to all Scottish Beekeepers Association members.

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Staffordshire University TV Production 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact TV documentary made by AS on the impact of pesticides on bees. Role of pesticides and other risks to bees Film recording

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description TV interview "Landward" BBC Scotland 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Interview with Dougie Vipond on the bee decline, general factors responsible and possible involvement of pesticides and nutrition. none

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description TV interview - BBC Countryfile 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Interview by Tom Heap on BBC Countryfile programme to discuss possible effects of pesticides on bees and the work going on at Royal Holloway University of London as part of the Insect Pollinator Initiative.

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description TV programme on the threats to bees (Eorpa) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Interview for TV programme for BBC Scotland (Eorpa).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.bbc.co.uk/iplayer/episode/b083ln53/eorpa-series-24-11-francepoland
 
Description Talk at Glasgow University (AGM pof animal handlers) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact An interactive talk on the biology of bees and their major threats.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Talk at Roslin Institute 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Research presentation on our work on pesticides

Potential collaborator found for studying gene networks
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Talk to Barnhill Rock Garden Group on bee health. 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact About 50 people attended the talk and discussions lasted for a long time, with many promising to change their gardening practices.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Talk to Bonnie Dundee 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact A talk to the Dundee 'Britain in Bloom' team and Dundee City Councillors on insect pollinators and their problems. The idea was to influence their planting decisions as finalists in the 'Britain in Bloom' competition 2015.

A big impact was made and the team/council are committed to putting insect pollination as a key aim for their plantings. They are keen to help establish a climate change garden and pollinator trails throughout the City.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Talk to Carse Association for Continuing Education 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Talk on the research carried out in my laboratory on the risk from pesticides.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.caceclasses.co.uk/product/exploring-the-carse/
 
Description Talk to Dundee Association of University Women 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Sparked 1 hour of questions afterwards and requests for advice on what to do to help pollinators.

none known
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Talk to Dunfermline & West Fife beekeepers Association 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact 40 beekeepers attended the talk and stayed for questions and discussion.

Further support gained for collaborative work on the project
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Talk to Lifelong Learning Dundee on the risk from pesticides and their mode of action. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Educating retired individuals with a non-scientific background into how neonicotinoids work and how best to support the pollinators.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://lifelonglearningdundee.org.uk/
 
Description Talk to Scottish Wildlife Trust (21/10/15) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Supporters
Results and Impact A talk given to SWT supporters and had good fedback that they had been motivated to form an action group and write collectively to their MP.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description The Conversation 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The article sparked interest in the issues.

Not known.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://theconversation.com/pesticide-safety-research-shouldnt-be-left-to-the-chemical-companies-that...
 
Description The Organic View Radio Show (2015) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Talk sparked interest.

Not known.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_h79xFhQ98o
 
Description University (Dundee & St. Andrews) Press release 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Press Release sparked interest from a number of organisations and the public.
http://www.sciencealert.com/world-s-most-widely-used-insecticide-proven-to-damage-bees-brains

http://www.thetimes.co.uk/tto/news/uk/scotland/article4343766.ece

http://www.care2.com/causes/heres-why-youre-seeing-fewer-bees-these-days.html

http://news.europawire.eu/research-neonicotinoid-insecticides-levels-accepted-in-agriculture-cause-both-impairment-of-bumblebees-brain-cells-and-subsequent-poor-performance-by-bee-colonies-7654321234567890/eu-press-release/2015/02/06/

http://www.farmingfutures.org.uk/blog/bee-brains-and-colony-health-jeopardised-neonicotinoid-exposure

https://syesworldview.wordpress.com/

http://www.planetexperts.com/study-confirms-neonicotinoid-insecticides-impair-bee-brains/

https://www.technology.org/2015/02/06/researchers-confirm-neonicotinoid-insecticides-impair-bees-brains/

http://phys.org/news/2015-02-neonicotinoid-insecticides-impair-bee-brains.html


http://www.ryot.org/bee-population-decline-insecticides/920661

http://theweek.com/speedreads/537864/innovation-week-app-managing-friends

http://news.discovery.com/animals/insects/bumblebees-brain-impaired-by-widely-used-insecticide-150205.htm

http://newsfeeding.net/news/researchers-confirm-that-neonicotinoid-insecticides-impair-bees-brains/

http://bumblebeeconservation.org/news

http://www.nzhealthtec.com/researchers-confirm-that-neonicotinoid-insecticides-impair-bees-brains/

http://commentspro.com/lead/255966

http://www.noodls.com/view/9CDE52A50F274E7E3881B7B6512BDC18E599B9D2?3062xxx1423127117

http://www.planetexperts.com/study-confirms-neonicotinoid-insecticides-impair-bee-brains/

https://syesworldview.wordpress.com/2015/02/07/researchers-confirm-that-neonicotinoid-insecticides-impair-bees-brains/

http://zoomhour.com/brain-impaired-by-widely-used-insecticide-bumblebees/


http://www.grahamhancock.com/news/index.php?node=46144

http://www.sciencealertz.blogspot.co.uk/2015/02/worlds-most-widely-used-insecticide.html

http://brainmysteries.com/neonicotinoid-insecticides-impair-bees-brains/

http://organichealth.co/worlds-most-widely-used-insecticide-proven-to-damage-bees-brains/

http://smallbluemarble.org.uk/bee-brains-and-colony-health-jeopardised-by-pesticide-exposure/

http://news.discovery.com/animals/insects/bumblebees-brain-impaired-by-widely-used-insecticide-150205.htm

http://earthfiles333.tumblr.com/


http://schnizzle.biz/259121/researchers-confirm-that-neonicotinoid-insecticides-impair-bees-brains/


The story reach IFLScience and have generated ~19,000 Facebook Likes, >800 comments and >7,000 Forwards.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Voice of Russia 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Live radio interview advertising the conference on the impact of pesticides on bee health What is the cause of the bee decline? What are the other risks? 22/01/13 - Live radio broadcast "Voice of Russia" (dubbed in Russian)

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Webinar for Campden BRI Members Interest Group. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Webinar given to the group by Skype on our research.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Wellcome News 67, 10-11 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact "How I got into" series article about how I got the idea to apply my research background to a completely different area. The idea being to stimulate interest in scientists using their skills and knowledge to deliver impact in novel ways. Article in 'Wellcome News'

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description Wild Day Out 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Over 6000 people visited our stall over 6 hours to learn about bees and many questions were asked.

Many children learnt how to distinguish honeybees, bumblebees and hoverflies.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description World at One (Radio 4) article on using hive monitors to record bees 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Programme included information on the bee decline and the use of novel technology to aid the research programme. http:/
Bee hive hums recorded to monitor insects' health

By Mark Ward

Technology correspondent, BBC News


none

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012