Wheat Genomics for Sustainable Agriculture

Lead Research Organisation: John Innes Centre
Department Name: Cell and Develop Biology

Abstract

Securing food supply on a global scale requires solutions to a complex set of unprecedented problems, including rising demand due to major population increases and social mobility, global climate change, rising energy costs and land, water and nutrient limitations. Finding and implementing these solutions is a top priority for governments and scientists worldwide, and has been articulated as a key BBSRC strategic objective. Opportunities for plant science to contribute to global food security include increasing the yield and quality of crops, combatting diseases, enabling maximal crop productivity in sub-optimal growth conditions, and increasing maximal yield potential. Utilising non- food components of food crops, such as cell wall material and waste products of food production to produce energy and industrial feedstocks, has a major role in reaching sustainability and maximising overall yield of renewable resources from limited land and soils. Grass crops are essential for human existence by directly or indirectly serving as the primary source of human nutrition. Wheat, rice and coarse grains such as maize are the most important crops for human food production, therefore increasing grain production sustainably is a critically important strategic and scientific objective. Wheat is the main arable crop in the UK, planted on 60% of arable land, with an annual farm gate value of ~£2.5b and a processed product value of approximately £150bn. Yield increases in wheat are slowing compared to past gains achieved primarily through improved agronomy and also in relation to other grain crops, notably maize. Genetic and transgenic improvement of wheat is therefore a very high priority in the UK and world- wide, and large international programmes for wheat genetic improvement are underway. A high quality genomics sequence provides a complete, accurate and durable record of genes, predicted proteins and other genomic elements that today are a fundamental foundation for neay all areas of biological research. This proposal describes a UK component of an international coordinated wheat genome sequencing project that will make decisive and innovative contributions to sequencing the wheat genome and supporting crop improvement through genomics.

Technical Summary

Bread wheat has an exceptionally complex genome comprised of three independently- maintained genomes, each of which is approximately 6 Gb- more that the entire human genome. Wheat genes are found predominantly as small (1-4) clusters, with an average density of between 1 gene/86kb in proximal regions and 1gene/180 kb in distal regions of the chromosome. Genes and gene islands are separated by extensive tracts of nested retrotransposon repeats comprising approximately 85% of the genome. The gene content of diploid grasses is approximately 30-35,000 suggesting bread wheat has approximately three times this number of genes. The scale and complexity of this genome requires a large coordinated effort and the development and application of new technologies. Work in the International Wheat Genome Sequencing Consortium aims to generate accurate sequences of nearly all genes, annotate these and place them in a syntenic framework. Four chromosomes will be sequenced to high quality reference standards using a combination of established methods and novel sequencing technologies. Re-sequencing methods will be developed to access sequence variation in the Triticeae in concert with the pre-breeding programme. Finally, bioinformatics resources for the long- term maintenance and analysis of the sequence will be established.

Planned Impact

The transformative effect of access to high quality genome sequence that is carefully analyzed, and directly and freely available to all users, is well known. Wheat is one of the three major crop plants of global importance, and the predicted impact of a high quality wheat genome resource on crop improvement will be profound, as genomics provides a framework for new breeding methods that are substantially faster and more effective. The wheat genome project will have two immediate impacts on a wide range of new research in wheat by researchers world-wide, and on the application of genomics to breeding and crop improvement by the breeding and agricultural biotechnology industries. Thus plant and crop scientists working in academia and industry are direct beneficiaries of the outcomes of the project. The impact of a genome sequence to these researchers will be profound. Access to and systematic study of all proteins sequence variation in the Triticeae, global gene expression, and the systems-level analysis of biological functions will transform research in crop improvement. Because many agronomic traits in wheat, such as yield and abiotic stress responses, are due to the effects of many genes, such traits will now be accessible to the full range of experimentation possible in modern biology. Consequently progress towards increasing yield stability and sustainable production will be substantially accelerated. The agricultural biotechnology and crop breeding industries, and bioinformatics and computer scientists working on genome assembly and analysis, will benefit from a similar revolutionary effect of genomics seen in rice and maize breeding. A key impact will be the direct and permanent improvements in the rate and scope of wheat breeding, leading to the production of new wheat varieties that can maintain high levels of productivity with reduced inputs. Research funding organizations are also direct beneficiaries of this project by enabling transformative research in wheat improvement, particularly through international collaborations. The impact is a major tangible contribution to meeting important societal goals in food security and sustainable production world-wide. Many indirect beneficiaries of the research can be predicted. Wheat growers will benefit from new varieties that will be more productive and with new end-uses, leading to more stable incomes and diversified production. By addressing the environmental sustainability of crop production through new genomics- lead research in nutrient- and water- use efficiency, the major environmental footprint of wheat production could be reduced, having a beneficial impact on the ecology and sustainability of the agricultural landscape. Other indirect beneficiaries are food processors, who will have access to affordable and a more secure supply of a global staple product. In turn consumers will benefit from more stable prices and access to a staple food.
 
Description Trying to add to previous reports is horrible here as I seem to can't use the return key. So hope that if this is actually read anytime by anyone it will make sense. As described elsewhere, we are closing in identifying the major haplotypes and functional variation underpinning major traits that have been selected for and combined using breeding. This will revolutionise wheat breeding we are developing new whole genome and BAC- based sequence resources for creating new improved assemblies of the wheat genome. This is providing a key new foundation for many aspects of wheat research, in particular it is accelerating the breeding process and providing ways for identifying useful new genes in wild relatives of wheat
Exploitation Route the data from this project is made freely available to users world-wide by our partners EBI is useful formats
Sectors Agriculture, Food and Drink

 
Description Since first added the impacts of our work on wheat genomics continue to develop internationally. Our BBSRC-funded work is now coordinated internationally, and our genomics strategies and innovations are being taken up widely. Our focus on sequencing major parents of UK breeding populations, and in-depth genomic analyses of pedigrees, is going to be extremely creative and useful for breeders and academics. This project is generating new genomic resources for bread wheat. these include steadily increased accuracy and coverage of genome sequence assemblies, an new database for data visualisation and distribution, and functional genomics resources The plant breeding industry is actively engaged in the project, through annual training programmes, by helping in the selection of wheat lines to sequence, and in establishing a network for communicating ideas and plans for applying genomics to breeding
First Year Of Impact 2017
Sector Agriculture, Food and Drink
Impact Types Economic

 
Title wheat genome assembly at EBI 
Description European Bioinformatics Institute Ensembl Genomes 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact This database is providing access to the first complete and annotated genome assembly of wheat 
URL http://plants.ensembl.org/Triticum_aestivum/Info/Index
 
Description Wheat genome sequencing 
Organisation Earlham Institute
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We are working together to sequence and annotate multiple wheat genomes. This involves its applications to wheat improvement by engagement with international wheat improvement organisations, principally CIMMYT and the International Wheat Yield Programme. One goal goal is to provide genomics expertise for these groups to accelerate their breeding programmes. We also work directly with UK wheat breeders.
Collaborator Contribution TGAC provide the lion's share of the expertise and sequencing capacity. I provide connections and strategy.
Impact Too soon to tell, but has led to a joint applications to ODA and Grand Challenge Funds with international wheat breeders and researchers to support breeding
Start Year 2015
 
Description Wheat genome sequencing 
Organisation University of Western Australia
Country Australia 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We are working together to sequence and annotate multiple wheat genomes. This involves its applications to wheat improvement by engagement with international wheat improvement organisations, principally CIMMYT and the International Wheat Yield Programme. One goal goal is to provide genomics expertise for these groups to accelerate their breeding programmes. We also work directly with UK wheat breeders.
Collaborator Contribution TGAC provide the lion's share of the expertise and sequencing capacity. I provide connections and strategy.
Impact Too soon to tell, but has led to a joint applications to ODA and Grand Challenge Funds with international wheat breeders and researchers to support breeding
Start Year 2015
 
Description Wheat genomics collaboration 
Organisation EMBL European Bioinformatics Institute (EMBL - EBI)
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution In the framework of the international wheat pan genome project we contribute 5 wheat genome assemblies, annotation pipelines, and transcriptome data for gene annotation and gene expression measurements.
Collaborator Contribution The partnership brings together several groups who are assembling and annotating wheat genomes, primarily as part of national programmes. The plan is to develop approaches to comparing wheat genomes to identify how breeding has influenced the composition of gene families, gene expression and genome structures
Impact The project has only recently been initiated. Major progress is expected in mid 2017, with joint annotations forming and long-range scaffolding providing the foundations of analyses
Start Year 2017
 
Description Wheat genomics collaboration 
Organisation Earlham Institute
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution In the framework of the international wheat pan genome project we contribute 5 wheat genome assemblies, annotation pipelines, and transcriptome data for gene annotation and gene expression measurements.
Collaborator Contribution The partnership brings together several groups who are assembling and annotating wheat genomes, primarily as part of national programmes. The plan is to develop approaches to comparing wheat genomes to identify how breeding has influenced the composition of gene families, gene expression and genome structures
Impact The project has only recently been initiated. Major progress is expected in mid 2017, with joint annotations forming and long-range scaffolding providing the foundations of analyses
Start Year 2017
 
Description Wheat genomics collaboration 
Organisation French National Institute of Agricultural Research
Country France 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution In the framework of the international wheat pan genome project we contribute 5 wheat genome assemblies, annotation pipelines, and transcriptome data for gene annotation and gene expression measurements.
Collaborator Contribution The partnership brings together several groups who are assembling and annotating wheat genomes, primarily as part of national programmes. The plan is to develop approaches to comparing wheat genomes to identify how breeding has influenced the composition of gene families, gene expression and genome structures
Impact The project has only recently been initiated. Major progress is expected in mid 2017, with joint annotations forming and long-range scaffolding providing the foundations of analyses
Start Year 2017
 
Description Wheat genomics collaboration 
Organisation Helmholtz Zentrum München
Country Germany 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution In the framework of the international wheat pan genome project we contribute 5 wheat genome assemblies, annotation pipelines, and transcriptome data for gene annotation and gene expression measurements.
Collaborator Contribution The partnership brings together several groups who are assembling and annotating wheat genomes, primarily as part of national programmes. The plan is to develop approaches to comparing wheat genomes to identify how breeding has influenced the composition of gene families, gene expression and genome structures
Impact The project has only recently been initiated. Major progress is expected in mid 2017, with joint annotations forming and long-range scaffolding providing the foundations of analyses
Start Year 2017
 
Description Wheat genomics collaboration 
Organisation John Innes Centre
Department The Sainsbury Laboratory
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution In the framework of the international wheat pan genome project we contribute 5 wheat genome assemblies, annotation pipelines, and transcriptome data for gene annotation and gene expression measurements.
Collaborator Contribution The partnership brings together several groups who are assembling and annotating wheat genomes, primarily as part of national programmes. The plan is to develop approaches to comparing wheat genomes to identify how breeding has influenced the composition of gene families, gene expression and genome structures
Impact The project has only recently been initiated. Major progress is expected in mid 2017, with joint annotations forming and long-range scaffolding providing the foundations of analyses
Start Year 2017
 
Description Wheat genomics collaboration 
Organisation Leibniz Association
Department Leibniz Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research
Country Germany 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution In the framework of the international wheat pan genome project we contribute 5 wheat genome assemblies, annotation pipelines, and transcriptome data for gene annotation and gene expression measurements.
Collaborator Contribution The partnership brings together several groups who are assembling and annotating wheat genomes, primarily as part of national programmes. The plan is to develop approaches to comparing wheat genomes to identify how breeding has influenced the composition of gene families, gene expression and genome structures
Impact The project has only recently been initiated. Major progress is expected in mid 2017, with joint annotations forming and long-range scaffolding providing the foundations of analyses
Start Year 2017
 
Description Wheat genomics collaboration 
Organisation University of California, Davis
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution In the framework of the international wheat pan genome project we contribute 5 wheat genome assemblies, annotation pipelines, and transcriptome data for gene annotation and gene expression measurements.
Collaborator Contribution The partnership brings together several groups who are assembling and annotating wheat genomes, primarily as part of national programmes. The plan is to develop approaches to comparing wheat genomes to identify how breeding has influenced the composition of gene families, gene expression and genome structures
Impact The project has only recently been initiated. Major progress is expected in mid 2017, with joint annotations forming and long-range scaffolding providing the foundations of analyses
Start Year 2017
 
Description Wheat genomics collaboration 
Organisation University of Saskatchewan
Country Canada 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution In the framework of the international wheat pan genome project we contribute 5 wheat genome assemblies, annotation pipelines, and transcriptome data for gene annotation and gene expression measurements.
Collaborator Contribution The partnership brings together several groups who are assembling and annotating wheat genomes, primarily as part of national programmes. The plan is to develop approaches to comparing wheat genomes to identify how breeding has influenced the composition of gene families, gene expression and genome structures
Impact The project has only recently been initiated. Major progress is expected in mid 2017, with joint annotations forming and long-range scaffolding providing the foundations of analyses
Start Year 2017
 
Description Wheat genomics collaboration 
Organisation University of Western Australia
Country Australia 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution In the framework of the international wheat pan genome project we contribute 5 wheat genome assemblies, annotation pipelines, and transcriptome data for gene annotation and gene expression measurements.
Collaborator Contribution The partnership brings together several groups who are assembling and annotating wheat genomes, primarily as part of national programmes. The plan is to develop approaches to comparing wheat genomes to identify how breeding has influenced the composition of gene families, gene expression and genome structures
Impact The project has only recently been initiated. Major progress is expected in mid 2017, with joint annotations forming and long-range scaffolding providing the foundations of analyses
Start Year 2017
 
Description Wheat genomics collaboration 
Organisation University of Zurich
Country Switzerland 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution In the framework of the international wheat pan genome project we contribute 5 wheat genome assemblies, annotation pipelines, and transcriptome data for gene annotation and gene expression measurements.
Collaborator Contribution The partnership brings together several groups who are assembling and annotating wheat genomes, primarily as part of national programmes. The plan is to develop approaches to comparing wheat genomes to identify how breeding has influenced the composition of gene families, gene expression and genome structures
Impact The project has only recently been initiated. Major progress is expected in mid 2017, with joint annotations forming and long-range scaffolding providing the foundations of analyses
Start Year 2017
 
Description Agritech discussions with the purpose of forming an AgriTech centre 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Prof Bevan contributed to discussions with Agritech at Rothamsted with the aim to form an AgriTech centre.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Attended Intrepid kick-off meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact During this meeting prof Bevan participated in various discussions identify and to establish potential future collaborations.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Attended San Diego Plant and Animal genome Meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Prof Bevan discussed wheat pan-genomics with international group wheat genomics with Chinese colleagues to identify future potential collaborations.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Collaboration with Bayer Crop Sciences 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact JIC and Bayer discussed joint research project aimed at implementing DA1 technology to control seed size in oilseed rape.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Discussions on wheat genomics in Shanghai and Beijing 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Prof Bevan had discussions in Shanghai and Beijing about future wheat work with CAAS colleagues.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Engagement with companies and breeders on new marker technologies 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Two distinct objectives were addressed in these activities. First, we discussed and established a collaboration with Population Genetic Technologies Ltd, owners of IP related to primer technologies to be used. We obtained a licence to use several of the patents, and established a business connection that could be used to commercialise any product generated from the project
In a second set of engagement activities, initial discussions with wheat breeders occurred in order to understand the costs, scale and precision of the their genotyping work
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Engagement with not for profit organisations: NFU Crop Board 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact Prof Bevan contributed to the meeting with the NFU Crop Board providing update on advances in crop improvement and crop protection.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Evaluation of JIC as a strategic partner 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Prof Bevan participated in a meeting with industry to evaluate the JIC as a strategic partner.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description JIC-in-China symposium 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Prof Bevan attended the JIC-in-China symposium in 2015 for discussions of potential collaborations and gave a talk.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Newspaper commentaries about wheat genome sequencing progress 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Mike Bevan provided newspaper commentaries about wheat genome sequencing progress.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
URL http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424127887324205404578147823815273136.html
 
Description Planning meeting for wheat pan-genomics 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact There have been three meetings to scope out and plan activities in wheat pan-genomics. In Jan 2017 we met at the Plant & Animal Genome Conference to scope out interest, again in Cambridge in June 2017 to review progress, and most recently at PAG in Jan 2018. The value of these coordination meetings is to ensure BBSRC-funded research in wheat synergises with related work elsewhere in the world.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.monogram.ac.uk/docs/MN2017/Bioinformatics/3_10%20Genomes%20Project%20-%20Pozniak_Cristoba...
 
Description Presentation at PAG conference San Diego USA 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact I presented our latest data on comparative gene expression between diploid and hexaploid wheat lines
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Press article entitled: 'First whole genome analysis of the polyploid bread wheat genome.' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Mike Beven wrote a press article entitled: 'First whole genome analysis of the polyploid bread wheat genome.'
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Press article entitled: 'New slice of the wheat genome could help feed growing global population'. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Mike Bevan wrote a press article entitled: 'New slice of the wheat genome could help feed growing global population'.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
URL http://blogs.scientificamerican.com/observations/2012/11/28/new-slice-of-wheat-genome-could-help-fee...
 
Description Press article entitled: 'Wheat genome sequence analysis.' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Mike Bevan wrote a press article entitled: 'Wheat genome sequence analysis.'
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
URL http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/11/121128143545.htm
 
Description Press article for BBC entitled: 'Wheat genome's key parts unlocked in new study.' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Mike Bevan wrote a press article for the BBC entitled: 'Wheat genome's key parts unlocked in new study.'
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Press article in Farmers Weekly 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Mike Bevan wrote a press article in Farmers Weekly entitled:'Wheat genome breakthrough offers food security boost'.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
URL http://www.fwi.co.uk/articles/29/11/2012/136475/wheat-genome-breakthrough-offers-food-security-boost...
 
Description Press article in National Association of Wheat Growers 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Mike Bevan wrote a press article in National Association of Wheat Growers entitled: 'Scientists announce stride towards wheat genome sequence'.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
URL http://www.wheatworld.org/news-events/2012/11/scientists-announce-strides-toward-wheat-genome-sequen...
 
Description Press conference with George Freeman MP and and Sir Lesek Borysiewicz with local and national TV and radio covering the event 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Prof Bevan contributed to a press conference with George Freeman MP and and Sir Lesek Borysiewicz. Local and National TV and radio covered the event. The impacts involve creating a network or researchers and industrialists to address the Govt's agri-tech strategy, and contributing to the formation of that strategy.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Press release in National Science Foundation entitled: 'International team generates major breakthrough in deciphering bread wheat's genetic code'. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Mike Bevan participated in a press release in National Science Foundation entitled: 'International team generates major breakthrough in deciphering bread wheat's genetic code'.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
URL http://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=126008
 
Description San Diego Plant and Animal Genome Meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact During this meeting Prof Bevan discussed wheat genomics with Chinese colleagues.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description TV interview with BBC Look East 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Mike Bevan participated in a television interview with BBC Look East.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Wheat genomics planning in New York 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Prof Bevan attended a wheat genomics planning meeting in New York.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description planning wheat genome analyses 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact An annual meeting to plan multiple aspects of wheat genome and epigenome sequencing
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018