Improving the control of liver fluke infection in cattle in the UK

Lead Research Organisation: Moredun Research Institute
Department Name: Vaccines and Diagnostics

Abstract

Liver fluke is a common parasite that affects sheep and cattle in the UK. It is found throughout the world and in some countries it affects humans too, causing serious and sometimes fatal disease.
Fluke infected cattle lose weight, become anaemic, lethargic and stop being productive. This has a serious effect on the welfare of the animal and serious economic consequences for the farmer. It is thought that fluke costs UK agriculture at least £300million pounds a year through direct losses, but real costs are probably much higher.
Fluke has become much more common over the past 10 years, due in part to our changing weather patterns, wet summers and mild winters favour the development of the parasite and its vector - a mud snail, found commonly throughout Britain. In a recent study we found 75% of dairy herds had evidence of fluke infection. Future climate change is predicted to have a significant impact on prevalence of infection, changing the epidemiology and increasing incidence of disease. Increased cattle movements and changes to both farm management and environmental schemes are exacerbating the problem. A limited range of drugs is available to control fasciolosis. Only one drug - triclabendazole (TCBZ), is effective against early and late juvenile and adult stages of the parasite and is used extensively for prophylaxis and treatment of disease. There is growing evidence of resistance to TCBZ in fluke populations, moreover the European Medicines Agency has recently revised its advice on drugs used to treat fluke such that they are now contra-indicated in dairy animals.
Targeted use of drugs, at specific times of year will slow the development of drug resistance and reduce the overall quantity of drug used, but a better understanding of the epidemiology and transmission of disease is vital if we are to develop control programmes that rely on improved on farm management practises rather than depending solely on drugs. This ultimately will be a sustainable and cost-effective way to control both clinical and sub-clinical disease in cattle and is the express desire of the livestock industry.
Specifically requested by the farming industry, the purpose of this project is to produce new, sustainable, bespoke control programmes for beef and dairy farms, to reduce losses associated with fluke infection.
In order to achieve this we must first develop diagnostic tests to identify infected herds. We already have good tools that we can use on milk samples to detect infected dairy herds but we need similar tests that are appropriate for beef herds. In addition we are aware of a newly emerging parasite problem, the rumen fluke. It is not clear if this parasite causes disease but it has the potential to interfere with the diagnostic tests we are developing for fluke. Therefore we will also develop a molecular test for rumen fluke.
Secondly we will develop a system to categorise snail habitats that can be used to analyse satellite maps on a regional geographic scale to obviate the need to visit every farm to investigate snail habitat. We will also investigate how cow behaviour affects how the parasite gets to a snail host and from the snail host back to the cow.
These are risk factors for fluke infection on a farm. Other risk factors, particularly husbandry practices, physical and environmental factors will be obtained from a study of 250 farms and these data fed into statistical and mathematical models to determine theoretically which of these factors are the most important in determining whether a farm has fluke or not. Concurrently we will assess the cost-benefit of changing these practices. Finally we will conduct a trial to evaluate if changing farm practice is effective in reducing levels of infection. We are working in partnership with the Agricultural Levy boards of the UK to implement improved control of fluke infection to benefit animal health, welfare and profitability of livestock farming in the UK.

Technical Summary

Requested by the farming industry, the purpose of this project is to produce new, sustainable, bespoke control programmes for beef and dairy farms, to reduce losses associated with F. hepatica. This is a focussed, integrated project combining cutting-edge mathematical and economic models, informed by data collected from the field culminating in farm level intervention programmes to fully evaluate the theoretical outputs from the models. The project is divided into five interlinked workpackages:
WP1: Development and validation of herd level diagnostic tests, to identify farms with fluke infection and to discriminate between Fasciola and paramphistome infection
WP2: Field level classification of snail habitats and identification of factors that influence contacts between cows, snails and the parasite.
WP3: Identification of on farm risk factors for F. hepatica infection in dairy and beef enterprises and development of statistical and mathematical models to predict the likely benefits of implementing changes to farm practice on fluke prevalence
WP4: An economic analysis to define costs of fluke infection at herd and national level
WP5: Evaluation of on-farm intervention programme on reducing prevalence of fluke infection on dairy and beef farms.
The disease is of such importance and relevance to the industry that all five UK agricultural levy boards are making significant contributions to this project. To ensure the outputs of the research are fed back to the industry the final component of the project is an implementation and impact programme in collaboration with the levy boards.

Planned Impact

This project, aimed at "Improving the control of liver fluke infection in cattle in the UK", will benefit the commercial private sector, policy makers and the wider public.
Commercial impact
Liver fluke has been identified as a threat to animal welfare, productivity and profitability by the agricultural industry; this proposal is submitted with full support from the 5 UK Levy Boards. Fasciolosis is a significant constraint on beef and milk production in the UK. The parasite affects feed conversion, growth rates and milk yield and has a negative impact on farmers' incomes, abattoir profitability (in 2010 this was estimated to cost the industry about £3.2million in England, Wales and Scotland) and availability of meat and dairy products for export and home consumption. Cereal costs are increasing world wide - this is severely affecting the cost and profitability of producing beef and dairy and appears to be driving a move to grass reared beef. Grass-fed cattle are at an increased risk of exposure to liver fluke. In addition, warmer and wetter winters, environmental protection schemes, resistance of liver fluke to drugs, and the potential withdrawal of treatment products from the market may add to the risk of infection and limit the options for disease control. The outputs from this project will directly benefit beef and dairy farmers, enabling them to improve fluke control on their farms, reducing reliance on blanket drug treatment and improving productivity and biological efficiency. Abattoirs will have a secure supply of animals with reduced waste, dairy processing companies will benefit from improved milk yield and the retail sector will benefit from improved local production. Overall this will benefit the wider UK economy.
Policy impact
The UK has international (Kyoto Protocol) and domestic (Climate Change Act 2008) targets to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Enteric fermentation in ruminants makes a significant contribution to agricultural GHG emissions (http://www.decc.gov.uk/en/content/cms/statistics/climate_stats/gg_emissions/gg_emissions.aspx). Disease management has been specifically identified as a tool to improve agricultural productivity whilst reducing GHG emissions (Foresight. The Future of Food and Farming, 2011). This project will produce validated protocols, epidemiological and economic models and robust guidelines for detection and management of liver fluke on cattle farms, which will contribute to the dual policy aim of providing food security whilst limiting agriculture's carbon footprint. Another policy goal of the UK and devolved governments is to protect the country's Ecosystem Services. For example, it is part of Defra's business plan to establish nature improvement areas (http://www.number10.gov.uk/wp-content/uploads/2012/05/DEFRA-2012-Business-Plan.pdf). However, environmental protection schemes may result in unintended side effects as shown by the increase in liver fluke risk in association with the Agri-environment schemes that encourage wetter grassland conditions for breeding and migrating birds and invertebrates, including liver fluke host snails. Improved understanding of on-farm risk factors for liver fluke, including snail ecology, will help policy makers to balance demands from competing ecosystem services, such as food production and conservation of biodiversity. Involvement of the Levy Boards will ensure direct dissemination of the outputs to both commercial beneficiaries and policy makers.
Wider public
The reliable availability of affordable and healthy food is in the interest of the wider public. Beef and dairy product supplies, their quality, environmental impact and price depend on an international balance of trade which will be affected by the prevalence of fasciolosis. Our economic models will include an assessment of impacts on national markets and hence indicate consumer benefits from a more secure supply of food, produced to higher environmental and welfare standards.

Publications

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Fairweather, I (2020) Composite Fasciola hepatica faecal egg sedimentation test for cattle. in International Journal for Parasitology - Drugs & Drug Resistance

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Graham-Brown J (2019) Composite faecal egg sedimentation test for cattle. in The Veterinary record

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Kelley JM (2016) Current Threat of Triclabendazole Resistance in Fasciola hepatica. in Trends in parasitology

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Millar M (2017) Rumen fluke in South American camelids in Great Britain. in The Veterinary record

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Morgan ER (2018) 100 Questions in Livestock Helminthology Research in Trends in Parasitology

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Van Dijk J (2015) Towards cost-effective fluke control in cattle. in The Veterinary record

 
Description Project outcomes Y1:
WP1 - Copro-antigen test evaluated in cattle against faecal egg counts. Copro-antigen test no better than FEC and not effective with composite samples. Composite faecal egg counts, sampling 40 animals, making 4x10 animal composites using 10g faeces most cost-efficient method of identifying and semi-quantifying level of infection in beef herds.
WP2 - Cattle grazing behaviour and snail distribution analysed on four test farms. Snail and grass samples evaluated for evidence of fluke infection. Snails were only found in poor (rushy/wet) ground. Low numbers of snails found this year - unusually dry year. Cattle tended to defaecate more frequently on improved pasture or around water courses.
WP3 - Lists of dairy and beef farms in England and Wales obtained from DEFRA and permission sought to contact them. Questionnaire developed and trialled. 250 farms in Shropshire/Staffordshire contacted; 10 farms visited and sampled to date.
WP4 - A herd level economic model has been parameterised for dairy, grower, suckler and finisher enterprises. Development of a national economic model is under way.
Exploitation Route We aim to provide scientific evidence to support best practice advice on liver fluke control in cattle, which will be taken forward into practice by the industry, farmers, SQPs and veterinarians
Sectors Agriculture, Food and Drink

 
Description Members of the consortium continue to participate or organise workshops and presentations to farmers groups, industry, vets through CPD and the public. This has raised awareness of the impact of fluke infection in cattle, in terms of disease and welfare of individual animals but also the economic impact of sub-clinical infection. Members also organised a successful Twitter forum on improving fluke control in cattle, under the auspices of the industry group, COWS (Control of Cattle Parasites Sustainably), 24th Sept 2015. Since then, we have reported outputs in the farming press, when appropriate, and held a very successful farmer meeting at Hillsborough, NI, under the auspices of one of our levy funders, AgriSearch NI.
First Year Of Impact 2017
Sector Agriculture, Food and Drink
Impact Types Economic

 
Description Rapid evidence assessment on endemic disease and GHGs, submitted 2016
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a national consultation
URL http://www.climatexchange.org.uk/files/7414/6054/5380/Livestock_Health_and_GHG.pdf
 
Description Scottish Government Call-down Request for rapid evidence assessment of GHG mitigation options associated with sustainable endemic disease control in livestock
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
 
Description Updated Sustainable Control of Parasites in Sheep Liver Fluke Section
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
 
Description AHDB PhD Studentship
Amount £66,000 (GBP)
Funding ID EBLEX54 
Organisation Agricultural and Horticulture Development Board 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2015 
End 09/2018
 
Description 'Be-efficient' Stakeholder event, SRUC GreenCow Facility, Edinburgh 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Practiacl event/workshop on improving efficiency of beef production, 3 x short talks on fluke control in cattle, lively Q&A, good feedback
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description 8th Apr VetCel Group, Alloa, 23rd July 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Good discussion and Q&A after talk

Offer of help & samples for cattle fluke project
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description AHDA Animal Health Roadshow, Stirling 25th March, Cookstown NI 19th April 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Invited talk to AHDA Roadshow, national organisation representing animal health SQPs, on latest liver fluke research, good Q&A, positive feedback
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description AHDA Conference 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited talk on environmental aspects of fluke control at annual Animal Health Distributors' Conference, Jan 2017. AHDA represents animal health professionals who are qualified to sell veterinary products, including anthelmintics and flukicides and are a very influential grouping in terms of good practice for sustainable disease control.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description AgriScot 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Gave an invited talk on liver fluke control in sheep and cattle at AgriScot industry event at Royal Highland Showgrounds, Ingliston, 16th Nov
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Animal Health Distributors Annual Conference 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Invited talk on sustainable parasite control to national body representing Suitbaly Qualified Persons (SQPs), who prescribe and sell veterinary products
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Animal Health Distributors Annual Conference, Birmingham 28-29th Jan 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Good engagement with SQPs & vets who prescribe & sell veterinary products

Audience better informed on current thinking & liver fluke research
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Animal Health Distributors' Association SQP Roadshow 2014 x 5 - Penrith, 12th Mar; N. Yorkshire, 13th Mar; Elgin, 24th Mar; Stirling, 25th Mar; Cookstown NI 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Good engagement with SQPs who prescribe and sell veterinary products

Interested & informed Q&A after each talk
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Animal Health Distributors' Roadshow, Stirling 11th May 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Delivered presentation on anthelmintic resistance and SCOPS/COWS principles to regional SQP CPD event
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description BBSRC AHRC meeting, Birmingham 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Invited talk on Livestock Resaerch at BBSRC Animal Health Research Club final meeting
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description BBSRC Workshop on Antimicrobial Resistance, Barcelona Jan 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Contribution to a BBSRC workshop 'Runninfg to stand still' on AMR in medicine and agriculture
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description BBSRC-IPA stakeholder event, AFBI Hillsborough 12th Oct 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The BBSRC-IPA liver fluke project team organised and delivered a 1-day industry stakeholder workshop at AFBI, Hillsborough on 12th October, the meeting was publicised and reported in teh farming press and was particularly well received
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Bimeda Fluke webinar 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Bimeda fluke webinar for SQPs
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description British Cattle Veterinary Association Winter meeting, Leicester, 19th Feb 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation followed by good Q&A session afterwards

Good engagement with veterinarians and offer of help/collaboration with ongoing cattle fluke project
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description British Cattle Veterinary Association, Annual Conference, Harrogate, 17th Oct 2013 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited talk to cattle vets, lots of discussion and Q&A afterwards

Attending vets more aware of current state-of-the art with respect to fluke epidemiology, diagnosis and control options. Report published in Cattle Practice
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Delivered CPD session fro Norbrook 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Delivered CPD training in sustainable fluke control
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Developed and delivered SCOPS/COWS fluke webinar 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Developed and delivered a SCOPS/COWS-sanctioned webinar to farmers & vets
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description ELSEG 21st Jan 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Discussing agri-environment schemes & conservation grazing
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Elanco Liver Fluke Awareness Campaign, August 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Participated in expert panel discussion on Elanco Fluke Awareness Survey & Campaign, and subsequent Press Launch at Elanco HQ, good coverage in farming press, positive feedback
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Farm event at SRUC Hill Station, Kirkton 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Gave 2 short talks at farm event on SRUC Hill asnd Mountain Research Station, Kirkton, Crianlarich
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Farm walk & Talk, SRUC Kirkton 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Farm walk & talk, discussing fluke risk & agri-environment schemes
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Farm walk & talk, Cheshire 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact ~15 local farm clients, vets & industry reps attended 2-day farm walk & talk, discussing liver fluke & rumen fluke control on a dairy farm.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Farm walk & talk, Cumbrian Farmer Network 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Farm walk & talk in Keswick, discussing sustainable fluke control, risk assessment etc.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Farm walk & talk, Shetland 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Farm walk & talk at QMS Monitor Farm, Shetland
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Farmer meeting, Peebles 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Talk about sustainabel fluke control
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Farmers' talks at Moredun farm event, Dunkeld 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Gave 2 farmers' talks on fluke control at Moredun Foundation farm event, Dunkeld
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Farmgate Vets, Clients' Evening, Penrith, 8th Oct 2013 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Presentation stimulated good Q&A and discussion afterwards

Raised profile of the Institute and its ongoing research, with a specific focus on control of fluke in cattle
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Farming Connect Welsh liver fluke roadshow, Nov 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Developed and delivered a liver fluke control workshop for Farming Connect in Wales. There was a series of 6 events, I covered 4 of these (Welshpool, Llandeilo, Knighton & Newcastle Emlyn) and our BBSRC-IPA Lead, Prof. Diana Williams, delivered the remaining two.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Fluke talk, Ark Vets, Lockerbie 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited talk to farm vet clients tto discuss liver fluke control in an acknowledged hotspot
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Fluke talks at 2 farmers meetings 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Discussing sustainable fluke control with project teams
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Flukicide presentation to VMD 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Discussed flukicide use and issues with Veterinary Medicines Directorate
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Glanalmond College visit 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Hosted a visit from Glenalmond College Highers Class plus teachers to discuss and help in running a scholl project on liver fluke infection in wild deer
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Glenlivet Estate Farmers talk 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Invited talk about fluke control to a farm group at Glenlivet Estate in NE Scotland. Approx. 50 farmers, vets & land nmanagers attended, talk sparked good Q&A, feedback v positive
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Harper Adams Animal Health Symposium 8th Jan 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Animal Health Symposium at Harper Adams University
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Hosted 2 senior school pupils to gain experience of research science 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Hosted 2 x senior school pupils, who gained experience of research science and helped with field work
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Invited keynote lecture at Irish Soc Parasitology Annual Meeting, Belfast 26th June 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited keynote talk on anthelmintic resistance, lively discussion, good feedback
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Invited keynote lecture at Scandinavian & Baltic Soc Parasitology, 23rd April 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited keynote lecture on anthelmintic resistance, good discussion, positive feedback
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Invited seminar at National Sheep Associaation winter Fair, Melton Mowbray, Feb 5th 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Invited talk in NSA Seminar Series, good Q&A, positive feedback
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Invited talk on fluke risk & conservation grazing 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact Invited talk and research update on fluke risk and conservation grazing, to Ecosystems and Land Use Stakeholder Engagement Group
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Launch of Moredun 'Fight the Fluke' animation 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Launch of Moredun 'Fight the Fluke' animation at Malvern Show, July 2018
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.bing.com/videos/search?q=fight+the+fluke+animation&view=detail&mid=3CE42DE8EF983F02CCBA3...
 
Description Lewis & Harris Livestock keepers talk 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Invited talk to on fluke control Lewis & Harris Producers' Group, approx. 30 attendees, lively Q&A, good feedback
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description LiHRA meeting, Toulouse 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Meeting of teh Livestock Helminth Research Alliance (LiHRA) to discuss future EU collaboration and funding opportunities
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Livestock Health Scotland 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact 2-day farm talks in Argyll
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Livestock Health Workshop, Harper Adams University 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Discussing sustainable liver fluke ontyrol in sheep and cattle, plus hands-on parasite demonstrations
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Livestock industry stakeholder meeting, Moredun 15th June 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Hosted a livestock stakeholder meeting to discuss endemic disease and greenhouse gas emissions
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Manned Moredun stand at Royal Highland Show 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Manned Moredun stand, fielded questions about sustainable fluek control, practical hands-on parasitology demonstrations
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Manned Moredun stand at Welsh Sheep, Caernarfon 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Manned Moredun stand, discussing sustainable fluke control, hands-on parasite demonstrations
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description McCaskies client meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Invited talk on rumen fluke in cattle
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Meeting with Quality Meat Scotland, 24th Feb 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Meeting with John Scott and team at Quality Meat Scotland, red meat levy board, to discuss animal health issues.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Meeting with Scottish Government Agriculture & Climate Change Policy team, JHI Dundee, 16th Feb 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Participated in visit by SG Agriculture & Climate Change policy team to James Hutton Institute, Dundee, 15th Feb 2017
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Meeting with Scottish Govt Policy Teams to discuss reducing GHG emissions from livestock through improved animal health, 19th Jan 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact A small working group from SG Climate Change & Agriculture Team visited Moredun to discuss practical ways to reducing GHG emissions from livestock through sustainable endemic disease control, lively discussion and call-down request for further information
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Merck, Sharpe and Dohme Animal Health NI CPD series 2014 - 8th Oct Templepatric &; Cookstown; 9th Oct Omagh 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Discussion of regulations around flukicides and dairy cattle stimulated good engagement with vets & SQPs

Coverage in farming press
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Midlothian & Borders QMS Monitor Farms 25th July & 26th Sept 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Fluke talk to QMS Monitor farm group
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Moredun Animal Health Roadshows 2013 x 4 - Ruthin, 12th Nov; Brecon, 13th Nov; Buxton, 14th Nov; Hexham, 21st Nov 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Roadshow talks always prompt interested Q&A session

Positive feedback noted and recorded at each event
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Moredun Foundation Animal Health Roadshow Series 2015, Betwys-y-Coed, Brecon & Cold Ashby, Nov 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Annual Moredun Foundation Animal Health Roadshow, talk on fluke control x 3 to ~100 farmers, vets & SQPs, good discussion, positive feedback
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Moredun Foundation Regional Advisors Workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Invited presentation on ongoing fluke research to Moredun's Regional Advisors, a collection of farmers, vets & SQPs from across UK, lively discussions about future research & KE activities, good feedback
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Moredun Foundation roadshow, Launceston 7th Nov 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Gave talk on liver fluke controil in sheep and cattle on annual Moredun Foundation roadshow at request of local regional advisor
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Moredun Foundation webinar on 'Liver fluke control in sheep & cattle' 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Recorded webinar for Moredun Foundation members' website
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Moredun Press Day 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Press day discussing latest research of interest to farming community
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Moredun Press Day 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Discussed research on reducing GHGs through improved disease control (inc. fluke) at annual Moredun Press Day, 12th Dec. Widespread coverage in the national farming press.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Moredun Roadshow Newmarket 3rd Nov 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Gave talk on liver fluke control in sheep and cattle on annual Moredun Foundation roadshow at request of our local regional advisor.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Moredun Roadshow, Llandeilo, Wales 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Talk on fluke control to livestock farmers, lively Q&A, good feedback
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Moredun-GWCT Farm Walk, Auchnerran 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Narrated farm walk at Game & Wildlife Conservation Trust Demo farm, Auchnerran, Aberdeenshire, discussing fluke risk and agri-environment schemes
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description NFU visit, 25th Jan 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Visit bt West of Scotland Branch of NFU to Moredun, 25th Jan 2017, with a follow-up invitation to address 2 of their forthcoming regional AGMs.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description NFUS AGM 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Invited talk at Dumbarton NFUS AGM
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description NSA N Ireland Farmers' talk, Omagh 22nd Nov 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Invited talk on liver fluke control at NSA farmers' meeting, Omagh, 22nd Nov.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description NSA Northern Ireland AGM 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Invited talk on liver fluke control at N Ireland Branch NSA AGM, AFBI, Hillsborough.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Norbrook CPD 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited talk at Norbrook CPD event for SQPs
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Norbrook CPD 27th June 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact CPD session for major pharmaceutical company
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description On-farm event Poldean Moffatt 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Farm walk & talk, Poldean Moffatt
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Panel member on Crofters Question Time x2, Kyle of Lochalsh & Isle of Mu 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Panel member on Crofters Question Time x2
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description RSPB/SNH & ARC-Trust visit 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Hosted visit from RSPB, SNH & ARC-Trust to discuss liver fluke risk associated with agri-environment schemes e.g. wader scrapes, natterjack toad conservation
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Radio interview on conservation grazing 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact On-site radio interview about fluke risk and conservation grazing
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Royal Highland Show, Edinburgh 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Manned Moredun stand at RHS inc. face-to-face engagement with farmers, vets and general public
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description SCOPS Fluke & worm workshop for NSA Next Generation 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Wiorkshop fro NSA Next Generation group, discussing drug resistance, risk assessment and sustainable fluke control
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description SCOPS Steering Committee Feb 13th & 25th Sept 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Fluke expert on Sustainable Control of Parasites in Sheep Industry Group
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description SCOPS Steering Committee, 9th Feb 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Sustainable Control of Parasites in Sheep (SCOPS) industry working group, Steering Committee meeting, AHDB Stoneleigh, 9th Feb 2017
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description SEFARI School Teachers workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Workshop for Scottish Higher Biology teachers on resources around parasites
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description SNH, ARC-Trust Solway 8th March 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Event discussing agri-environment schemes & conservation grazing
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description SQP CPD training for Downland Animal Health, 6th Dec 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Developed and delivered CPD training presentation for Downland Animal Health Animal Health Advisors, Moredun, 6th Dec 2016.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description SRUC/SEPA Conference 1-2 March 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Invited talk on disease risk in the environment, both livestock and human
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Scottish Enterprise Agricultural Alumni event, 26th Aug 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Gave invited talk on livestock health and climate change at SE Alumni event, Edinburgh 26th Aug
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Scottish Game Fair, Perth 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Face to face discussions with environmental groups eg RSPB, SNH, GWCT, around conservation grazing and liver fluke risk to livestock, mainly cattle
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Scottish Government Stakeholder event 26th Oct 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Participated in a Scottish Government stakeholder consultation on teh draft Climate Change Plan, specifically the role of endemic disease control in reducing greenhouse gas emissions from animal agriculture
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Scottish Govt/NERC workshop, 9th March 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Worshop to discuss environmental research, with focus on disease impacts
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Soil Association Perth 7th Aug 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Farm walk & talk
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Soil Assoiciation Farm Walk, Kinaldy, Fife, 13th July 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Invited farm walk & presentation at Soil Assoc Farm Walk, focusing specifically on practical fluke control, ~12 farmers participated, good discussion, positive feedback
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Spoke to visiting US agriculture students, Crowder College 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact Presentation on sustainable fluke control
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Sustainable Control of Parasites in Sheep (SCOPS) Steering Committee 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Working group to discuss and disseminate best practice advice around sustainable parasite control in sheep (& link to COWS equavalent for cattle)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Talk(s) to visiting Dutch vet group 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact 2 invited talks to Dutch vets visiting Moredun Research Institute
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Teaching Vet Students & MSc Food Security students, University of Glasgow 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact Teaching on livestock and the environment
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Teaching on Parasites of Public Health Importance, University of Edinburgh 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact Teaching on Parasites of Public Health Importance - Lessons from Livestock
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Vet Trust CPD 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited talk at Vet Trust CPD Event, Stirling
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Visit from N Carolina Agriculture students 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact Visit of 3rd year Agriculture students from N Carolina University, talks & lab tour
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description World Association for teh Advancement of Veterinary Parasitology, Liverpool, August 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Platform presentation on DNA-based testing for liver fluke, good discussions, positive feedback
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015