14TSB_ATC_IR Lure-and-kill technology to manage beetle pests (Sitona lineatus and Bruchus rufimanus) of field beans and peas

Lead Research Organisation: Rothamsted Research
Department Name: Biological Chemistry & Crop Protection

Abstract

This project seeks to develop autodissemination of entomopathogens for bio-control of Sitona lineatus and Bruchus rufimanus, two major pests of UK legumes that affect yield and quality. An aggregation pheromone for S. lineatus, highly attractive to both sexes, was identified by Rothamsted Research in the early 1980's. A monitoring trap for B. rufimanus, incorporating a floral lure, is under development in TSB project 100871. This project will develop a 'lure and kill' trap combining entomopathogenic fungi with semio-chemicals, formulated electrostatically to enable better delivery to target insects. This will provide an effective and novel pest management tool. There is currently no bio-control system available to UK pulse growers for these pests. Use of insecticide as a killing agent will also be tested. The project will advance sustainable intensification of agriculture and deliver economic impact for the UK Agri-Tech industry by tackling the challenge to quality and production caused by insect pests of pea and bean crops whilst reducing adverse impacts on the environment. Many growers apply 5 to 6 pyrethroid sprays to achieve sufficient control of adult Sitona lineatus to prevent yield loss, and as pest pressure increases, insecticides prove less effective. Alternative approaches for crop protection are needed. The 'lure-and-kill' system developed by the project will provide 'proof of concept' for other pests and crops.

Technical Summary

This project seeks to develop autodissemination of entomopathogens for bio-control of Sitona lineatus and Bruchus rufimanus, two major pests of UK legumes that affect yield and quality. An aggregation pheromone for S. lineatus, highly attractive to both sexes, was identified by Rothamsted Research in the early 1980's. A monitoring trap for B. rufimanus, incorporating a floral lure, is under development in TSB project 100871. This project will develop a 'lure and kill' trap combining entomopathogenic fungi with semio-chemicals, formulated electrostatically to enable better delivery to target insects. This will provide an effective and novel pest management tool. There is currently no bio-control system available to UK pulse growers for these pests. Use of insecticide as a killing agent will also be tested. The project will advance sustainable intensification of agriculture and deliver economic impact for the UK Agri-Tech industry by tackling the challenge to quality and production caused by insect pests of pea and bean crops whilst reducing adverse impacts on the environment. Many growers apply 5 to 6 pyrethroid sprays to achieve sufficient control of adult Sitona lineatus to prevent yield loss, and as pest pressure increases, insecticides prove less effective. Alternative approaches for crop protection are needed. The 'lure-and-kill' system developed by the project will provide 'proof of concept' for other pests and crops.

Planned Impact

Our project will provide a bridge between industry research and academic research to allow development of the lure-and-kill innovation into a commercially viable product. Successful delivery of the project would provide positive feedback in allowing partners to realise the benefit of investing in R&D. The system will be transferable to other pests and crops. Increasing the confidence of growers that yield and quality impact can be controlled using this system could lead to an increase in the area of peas and beans grown in the UK. The SMEs in the consortium (PGRO, Exosect, Oecos and Velcourt) would grow and the large company (BASF) would market project outcomes overseas.

The project would generate economic benefit and value to the UK economy on several levels:
a) Pea and bean growers in the UK and the main global pulse growing regions would benefit from reduced yield and quality losses and more efficient farm operations and from reductions in pesticide applications.
b) Pulse crops are nitrogen fixing and have great benefits in the crop rotation as they can help to reduce the build-up of pests, weeds and diseases of other crops. They also provide a valuable source of vegetable protein. Thus, there would be wider benefits from making their production more reliable for growers. Government and EU policy has identified protein crops as high priority for research and development, to increase levels of home-grown pulses to supply animal feed markets and increase sustainability of supplies by reducing soya bean imports. The market for UK pulses is currently undersupplied and potential for creating new markets for human consumption products, whilst increasing levels of pulse protein in animal feed is high.
c) There is potential to increase the export market of UK grown peas and beans, especially if grower confidence in yield and quality is improved.
d) The knowledge economy of the UK would benefit as companies realise the opportunity for meeting gaps in the market in agriculture by investing in R&D to deliver innovation (which is urgently needed for crop protection).
e) The manufacturing sector would grow as the UK develops new crop protection solutions for the home and export markets.
f) The project, by contributing to more efficient crop production, would help to maintain lower food prices with consequent health, social and economic benefits for society in general. Food prices are at historically low levels as a proportion of income but collapses in crop protection in the EU could lead to rising food costs, especially as imported food might not remain as inexpensive as it currently is as countries such as China become more affluent and increase their purchasing power.
g) More efficient crop production (lower losses to pests) reduces the environmental impact of agriculture as less land, water, fertiliser and energy are used to grow equivalent quantities.
Successful delivery of the project objectives would allow further research in other crops and pests, increasing the value of the project.

Publications

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Related Projects

Project Reference Relationship Related To Start End Award Value
BB/M011542/1 01/10/2014 30/06/2017 £270,483
BB/M011542/2 Transfer BB/M011542/1 01/10/2017 31/12/2018 £97,041
 
Description Our innovative Agri-tech Catalyst project, led by the Processors and Growers Research Organisation (PGRO), is developing a "lure-and-kill" approach to manage agricultural pests. Currently blanket sprays of insecticide are used against the pea and bean weevil (Sitona lineatus) which attacks nitrogen fixing root nodules of field beans and peas and the bruchid beetle (Bruchus rufimanus) which severely reduces the saleable quality of field beans by burrowing holes in them. Instead of applying blanket sprays to the entire crop canopy, which is hard to penetrate and makes targeted application difficult, our vision is to lure the pests to a bait station containing small amounts of bioinsecticide which stick to the body of the pest. This will improve the targeting of the control measures and provide a much needed new solution because pyrethroid pesticide resistance is evolving in the pea and bean weevil.

For the project, BASF and Exosect are supplying isolates of entomopathogenic fungus (a naturally occurring fungal disease of insects). Exosect are formulating them with Entostat, an electrostatically charged micropowder they have developed, which sticks the fungi to the body of the pest. This can be used as a carrier for insecticides or bioinsecticides. Rothamsted have identified an aggregation pheromone specific for the pea and bean weevil which attracts both sexes and floral attractants for the bruchid beetle. These attractants will be formulated with the killing agent and placed strategically in inoculation stations in the field that we will develop with another project partner, Oecos.
Since the project started in October 2014, our first steps have been to determine and control the release rate of the attractants over time (a critical component of product longevity), and to determine the effectiveness of the different treatments in killing the pests. We have been measuring the release rate of the attractants by collecting them from air drawn over the test formulations. Odours collected on a filter are analysed by gas chromatography which allows us to quantify the amount of chemical released over a given time period. We are working with Exosect to improve the longevity of the product.

We have been testing in the lab the effectiveness of two strains of the insect fungal disease together with alpha-cypermethrin as a standard insecticide. Different doses of formulation have been put in Petri dishes and 10 beetles put in each dish. Numbers of dead insects are recorded at regular intervals for three weeks. The insect mortality results to date are encouraging and not only show that the insect fungal disease works but also that the effectiveness of the conventional insecticide is improved. Thus the components are being assembled for the "lure-and-kill" system.

We have also been testing field cages for the next stage when we do field cage trials which are planned for spring 2016. Parallel trials at Rothamsted and PGRO have shown that the cages provide good containment of the insects and therefore can be used to separate different treatments when we do the first small scale tests of the new system in outdoor conditions.

Our project will provide a new pest management solution (lure and kill) for beetle pests in pea and bean crops, a solution which may be transferable to other cropping systems. The benefits to the grower will be: increased pest control through a more targeted application of the insecticide; reduced use of insecticide per hectare; the option of different modes of killing agent which allows the product to be available to both conventional and organic growers; and as large volumes of water are not be required for uniform application, this product can be applied during periods of water shortages. There is an urgent need for new solutions due to pesticide resistance problems and concern about effects of pesticides on non-target species. The inoculation station with insect fungal disease would be a biological solution to the problem but lure-and-kill will also enable better targetting of conventional pesticides by using specific attractants to limit the classes of insects that come into contact with them.
Exploitation Route This concept could be applied to other pests and could dramatically improved the targeting of control interventions. Using a selective semiochemical could improve the selectivity of a conventional pesticide and better targeting improve their environmental profile.
Sectors Agriculture, Food and Drink,Chemicals,Creative Economy

URL https://agritech.blog.gov.uk/2015/07/27/agritech-catalyst-beetles/
 
Description Industry partners in the project are learning about how to improve targeting of crop protection measures by combining them with semiochemicals in a lure-and-kill approach
First Year Of Impact 2015
Sector Agriculture, Food and Drink,Chemicals,Creative Economy,Environment
Impact Types Societal,Economic,Policy & public services

 
Description BIS consultation about Innovation
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a national consultation
 
Description COMMONS SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY COMMITTEE - Secured New Government inquiry into "the role of science and technology in addressing challenges to food security and biodiversity"
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
Impact Successfully securing this inquiry will have an impact in raising awareness and improving political will to use science and technology to address challenges to food security and biodiversity. Agriculture has been neglected since the last Green Revolution in the 1960s and 21st Century challenges need to be taken more seriously. The Commons STC is a high level committee overseeing delivery of science across all government departments. While the inquiry has not yet been launched, I am confident that it will make a difference to the areas highlighted above. Here is our University press release, which has more details: "Professor Toby Bruce has secured a full Government inquiry into the role of science and technology in addressing challenges to food security and biodiversity, following his successful pitch to the House of Commons Science and Technology Committee in January. Professor Bruce's pitch was one of just four chosen to be taken forward as a full Government inquiry. The committee has combined Professor Bruce's recommendations on food security and crop protection with a related topic on gene editing techniques from Nicola Patron of the Earlham Institute. A report published this week by the Science and Technology Committee said: "Professor Toby Bruce suggested that we should hold an inquiry into food security, the environment and crop protection. He suggested that an inquiry could look at the tools available to farmers to protect crops against pests, weeds and diseases, how these had changed over time, what changes were needed to ensure food security in the future and research investment in crop protection. We will incorporate this into an inquiry into the role of science and technology in addressing challenges to food security and biodiversity." Professor Bruce said: "I am delighted that 'My Science Inquiry' is being taken forward to a full inquiry and look forward to working with the Commons Science and Technology Committee. There is an urgent need for increased research and innovation to help improve food security and protect the environment. I hope that the forthcoming inquiry will be a catalyst for change and will help to address some serious limitations that currently impede our innovation system, particularly with respect to providing new options for protecting harvests from pests". During the presentation of his research, Professor Bruce said: "The choice we have at the moment is having to choose between food security and the environment, so we need to find a way forward in which we can safeguard our crops without environmental impact, partly through smarter regulation to bring more inventions into the market. There is a critical shortage of new treatments but there's also underinvestment in this area. It's a major challenge that we face this century, how do we feed the world without wrecking the environment in the process." The Commons Science and Technology Committee will launch their inquiry into the role of science and technology in addressing challenges to food security and biodiversity within the next 12 months."
URL http://www.parliament.uk/business/committees/committees-a-z/commons-select/science-and-technology-co...
 
Description Leaving the EU: implications and opportunities for science and research
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
URL http://data.parliament.uk/writtenevidence/committeeevidence.svc/evidencedocument/science-and-technol...
 
Description Provided written evidence to the UK science spending review
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
URL http://data.parliament.uk/writtenevidence/committeeevidence.svc/evidencedocument/science-and-technol...
 
Description Responded to Parliament Consultation on Science Budget
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
URL http://data.parliament.uk/WrittenEvidence/CommitteeEvidence.svc/EvidenceDocument/Science%20and%20Tec...
 
Description PGRO - Processors and Growers Research Organisation 
Organisation Processors and Growers Research Organisation (PGRO)
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Collaboration on innovation in insect pest management in bean crops
Collaborator Contribution Collaboration on innovation in insect pest management in bean crops
Impact BruchidCAST service for optimising spray timing against bruchid beetles in beans https://www.syngenta.co.uk/bruchidcast
 
Description "Raising the Pulse" 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Toby Bruce - presented research at open event for industry during AgriTech week.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description AAB conference - Knowledge exchange: from research to the food supply chain 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Toby Bruce gave two talks - one about IPM in Africa and one about the CROPROTECT system
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.aab.org.uk/images/knowledge_exchange_pro.pdf
 
Description AAB: Advances in IPM 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Toby Bruce - gave a talk, chaired a session and helped to organise the Association of Applied Biologists (AAB) Advances in IPM 2016 conference
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.aab.org.uk/contentok.php?id=194&basket=wwsshowconfdets
 
Description AGRInet conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Toby Bruce - lecture at the AgriNet conference, 13 May 2017
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.agri-net.net/events/agri-net-5th-international-plant-chemical-biology-conference
 
Description Agri Tech blog 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact I wrote an invited blog for the AgriTech website
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015,2016
URL https://agritech.blog.gov.uk/2015/07/27/agritech-catalyst-beetles/
 
Description AgriChatUK - invited panel member 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Toby Bruce is involved in the online forum AgriChatUK which has more than 12,000 followers in the farming community. In 2013 he was a researcher invited to answer questions on the subject, "The big arable challenges and how to overcome them". In 2014 he organised the session "Bridging the gap between farming research and practice" a topic suggested by me and for which I drafted the questions for the Q and A session. This was timed to coincide with the launch of the CROPROTECT project and the RoCRE developments. He was invited to be one of the hosts of the AgriChatUK discussion "Science on the Farm" and took part in this evening online discussion forum (30 May 2015).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014,2015
URL http://www.agrichatuk.org/
 
Description AgriTech REAP conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Toby Bruce attended conference and took part in discussion
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.agritech-east.co.uk/reap-2015-roundup/
 
Description Agricology 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Toby Bruce - serving on steering committee of Agricology, "Practical, sustainable farming regardless of labels". This is an important initiative to bridge the divide between organic and conventional farming and an opportunity to develop more evidence based approaches to sustainable agriculture. Toby is responsible for discussions relating to crop protection.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Agricology blog 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Toby Bruce - Blog post - TACKLING THE FOOTPRINT OF PESTS, WEEDS & DISEASES IN OUR FOOD SYSTEM
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.agricology.co.uk/tackling-footprint-pests-weeds-diseases-our-food-system
 
Description Association of Applied Biologists: IPM the 10 year plan 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Toby Bruce gave a talk, "Current state of the agricultural research community in the UK and its ability to deliver new and
novel techniques to the production industry"
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.aab.org.uk/images/ipm_2015_pro.pdf
 
Description Association of Independent Crop Consulants (AICC) Technical Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact In 2015 Toby Bruce gave a demonstration of the prototype CROPROTECT website and got valuable feedback from potential users

In 2016 Toby Bruce gave a talk, "Managing pests with fewer pesticides which was well received.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015,2016
URL http://www.aicc.org.uk/aicc-conference-2016-largest-ever-0
 
Description BCPC farmers club 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Discussion in Whitehall about collaboration with BCPC and crop protection
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Biopesticide Summit, Swansea, 2-3 July 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Gave a keynote, invited talk: "The role of science and technology in addressing challenges to food security and biodiversity"
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://biopesticidesummit.com
 
Description CPM magazine 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Toby Bruce featured as the "On farm innovator" in Crop Production Magazine, April 2016 issue
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.cpm-magazine.co.uk/2016/04/11/on-farm-innovator-crowd-sourced-science/
 
Description Cereals 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Face-to-face discussion with farmers and agronomists at the leading Arable agriculture event for the UK
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.cerealsevent.co.uk/
 
Description Cereals 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Toby Bruce attended Cereals 2016 - the main UK arable farming event and discussed research with approximately 100 farmers.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.cerealsevent.co.uk/
 
Description Chinese Delegation 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Two lectures on Crop Protection to a high level panel of Chinese academics and government policy advisers
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description CropTech Show Blog 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Blog post on the CropTec show website: "What will Brexit mean for crop protection?"
This is the most popular post on the website...
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://croptecbuzz.blogspot.co.uk/2016/11/what-will-brexit-mean-for-crop.html
 
Description Ecomodernism launch 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact I was invited by Owen Patterson MP and Mark Lynas to attend the Ecomodernism launch. It was an interesting event and I took part in the discussion. It was about environmentalism making use of technology. I agreed that technology could be useful but not that we can fully decouple from nature.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.uk2020.org.uk/events/eco-modernism-restoring-science-environment-policy/
 
Description Farmers Weekly Ag Careers Live event 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact Toby Bruce - presented research and careers in agricultural research at a Careers Fair in Birmingham
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.fwi.co.uk/ms/events/ag-careers-live/
 
Description GFS workshop - Alternatives to Pesticides 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Toby Bruce attended GFS (Global Food Security) workshop - Alternatives to Pesticides organised by Tim Benton (former GFS Champion). Toby gave a talk and participated in discusssions
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Gordon Research Conference - Plant volatiles 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Toby Bruce gave an invited lecture - Plant volatiles in Biocontrol
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://www.grc.org/programs.aspx?id=15108
 
Description Guest Lecture - University of Nottingham 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Gave a lecture to M.Sc. students
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Hert Farmers 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Toby Bruce - talk about crop protection given to Hertfordshire Farmers breakfast meeting
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.hertsfarmerscalendar.co.uk/
 
Description Innovate UK Biopesticides event, Invited plenary lecture, London 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Innovate UK Biopesticides event, Invited plenary lecture, London, 12 April 2018
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Invited Seminar at Newcastle University (3 April 2019) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited Seminar at Newcastle University
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Invited Seminar at University of Warwick (2 May 2019) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited Seminar at University of Warwick (2 May 2019)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description JIC visit 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Toby Bruce - Visit to the John Innes Centre for discussion and to give a talk
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description News Item in The Guardian 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact News Article about pesticides and crop protection in The Guardian
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2017/nov/14/miniature-robots-could-cut-pesticide-use-on-farm...
 
Description North Herts Farmers - Annual General Meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Toby Bruce gave a talk about crop protection at a Farmers Breakfast event
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.nhfarmers.co.uk/
 
Description Nuffield students visit to Rothamsted 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Toby Bruce organised and took part in Nuffield farming scholarship students visit to Rothamsted
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description PGRO pulse open day 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Discussion event with pulse growers and industry representatives. We discussed the CROPROTECT system, research on beetle pests of beans and as a spin off the use of hybrid barley to suppress blackgrass.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Presentation to British Herbs 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Toby Bruce gave a talk about crop protection during visit of British Herbs to Rothamsted
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Rawcliffe Bridge 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation of research to professional Agronomists
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Rothamsted Open Meeting for the Public 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Toby Bruce presented and took part in a Rothamsted Open Meeting for the Public, "Pulse Production and Protection" 15 Mar 2016
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.rothamsted.ac.uk/events/pulse-production-and-protection
 
Description Royal Holloway lecture 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact Toby Bruce - talk about protecting harvests with fewer pesticides
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Syngenta - Good Growth Plan 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Toby Bruce attended a discussion meeting with Syngenta about their Good Growth Plan and collaboration with Rothamsted
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description UK-US Plant Health Workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Toby Bruce attended a discussion meeting at the UK embassy in Washington DC to discuss Plant Health and write a whitepaper with other delegates.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://blogs.fco.gov.uk/stefaniadimauronava/2016/10/13/blog-at-the-root-of-it-all/