Using field pathogenomics to study wheat yellow rust dispersal and population dynamics at a national and international scale

Lead Research Organisation: John Innes Centre
Department Name: Crop Genetics

Abstract

Wheat yellow rust caused by the fungus Puccinia striiformis f. sp tritici is a substantial threat to wheat production worldwide and recently re-emerged as a major constraint on UK agriculture. Its importance to global food security is reflected by the significant contribution of wheat to the calorific and protein intake of human kind (approximately 20%). The devastating impact of this disease gives a deep sense of urgency to breeders, farmers and end users to improve surveillance.

To address this, we recently developed a novel approach called "field pathogenomics" for pathogen population surveillance. This method, based on new gene sequencing technology, allows us to acquire data directly from field samples of rust-infected wheat. By implementing this approach we found that the yellow rust population across the UK underwent a major shift in recent years. Genetic analyses revealed four distinct lineages that correlated to the phenotypic groups determined through traditional pathology-based virulence assays.

The overall aim of this project is to apply gene-sequencing technology to the surveillance of yellow rust and undertake comprehensive global population genetic analyses of this important plant pathogen. Currently, the assessment of genotypic diversity is not included within UK national surveillance activities for wheat rust. Our new approach enables the integration of high-resolution genotypic data into pathogen surveillance activities that is vital to improve our understanding of the genetic sub-structure within a population. The proposed research aims to: (1) Analyze the threat of potential exotic incursions of wheat yellow rust to the UK by mapping the global population structure, (2) exploit the rust genotype data (Obj. 1) to confirm outbreaks on particular wheat varieties and look for associations between pathogen genotypes and host pedigrees, (3) generate information on whether genotypic diversity shifts over time at a locality and whether early appearing rust genotypes are predictive of late season genotypes and (4) develop appropriate open-source tools to ensure all data generated herein is released into the public domain as soon as possible and in a format that is suitable for breeders, pathologists and the wider demographic. This project aims to equip the UK with the latest genomic tools, facilitate more efficient varietal development by breeders, and help reduce the environmental and economic costs associated with fungicide applications, all of which will have a positive impact on the overall competitiveness and sustainability of the UK arable industry. This will be achieved through collaboration with 13 rust pathology laboratories across 6 continents and industrial support from 6 breeding, agronomy and chemical companies and the HGCA.

Technical Summary

Wheat yellow rust disease, caused by the fungus Puccinia striiformis f. sp tritici (PST), is a devastating disease that affects wheat production worldwide. This gives a deep sense of urgency to breeders and farmers to improve surveillance. To this aim, we developed a novel approach called "field pathogenomics" for pathogen population surveillance based on high-resolution RNA-seq data acquired directly from field samples of PST-infected wheat. Our preliminary study of 39 PST-infected field samples revealed only a single PST genotype within each lesion using the distribution of read counts for biallelic single nucleotide polymorphisms. In addition we also generated genome sequence data from historical PST isolates. None of the 2013 PST field isolates showed genetic similarity to the older UK population indicating that the 2013 population is likely an exotic population that appears to have displaced the previous population. Transcriptome data was also aligned to wheat sequences flanking a set of 18,162 wheat SNPs, and for each sample we could confirm the wheat variety recorded at the point of sample collection as the most likely variety.

The proposed research builds on this preliminary study to apply gene-sequencing technology to the surveillance of PST and undertake comprehensive global population genetic analyses of this important plant pathogen. The central hypothesis is that current pathology-based virulence tests only reflect a small proportion of the yellow rust genetic variation at the field level. We hypothesize that "Field pathogenomics" provides the means to gain a better understanding of the yellow rust population dynamics at the genotype level and hasten decision-making from farmers, breeders and agronomists regarding the best wheat varieties and resistances to deploy in the field. This is possible through collaboration with 13 rust pathology laboratories across 6 continents and industrial support from 6 breeding, agronomy and chemical companies and HGCA

Planned Impact

PI Saunders will lead the impact plan that will be an agenda item at monthly project meetings with Co-I's. All Co-I's have excellent track records in communicating the outcomes of their research to a broad audience and sharing tools, resources and code in a free and open manner. The PI and Co-I's also are regularly invited to speak about their research at national/international meetings and at various other venues.

Beneficiaries include:

Those involved in wheat yellow rust surveillance such as the UK cereal pathogen virulence survey (funded by Fera and the HGCA). They will benefit from development of high-resolution genotyping methods that will be incorporated into the UKCPVS. During the project, information will also be relayed to the UKCPVS as soon as relevant and reported in the NIAB-TAG's quarterly journal (Landmark) to reach the > 3000 NIAB-TAG members including agronomists, breeders and farmers.

Researchers working with wheat yellow rust disease. All data will be made freely available where practical, at the earliest opportunity. The data will initially be hosted via a modified version of the TGAC http://opendata.tgac.ac.uk website to ensure rapid release under a creative commons license. Once submitted for publication all data will be deposited in public repositories and linked to via the project-specific website.

Farmers, breeders, agronomists and wheat variety testing authorities will benefit from the rapid means of confirming whether previously resistant wheat varieties have been broken by virulent races of the pathogen. Our research will also confirm outbreaks on particular wheat varieties and look for associations between pathogen genotypes and host pedigrees. Participation of four major UK wheat breeders (KWS, Limagrain, Syngenta, RAGT) as partners reflects the urgency of the problem. Understanding the underlying variation and how this affects resistance breeding is essential for the strategic planning required to produce high-yielding wheat varieties that will be resistant when deployed in 10 years (considering time between initial crossing and variety release). This may also lead directly to management decisions on how to effectively manage the threat of PST to UK wheat production. This audience will be reached through publications in the farming press. For instance, results from our preliminary study have already been reported in EDP24, the HGCA newsletter, NIAB-TAG bulletin, world-grain.com, Farmers Guardian, Agrii company newsletter, EADT24 and the Crop Production Magazine.
Population geneticists. Where possible new tools and data analysis pipelines generated herein will be integrated into the interactive Galaxy user interface to ensure they are accessible to the widest demographic, that includes bench biologists. All tools and pipelines once verified will be publically released without delay.

The general public will benefit from interactions with the PI and Co-I's, who have given talks to public audiences on a variety of issues such as plant biosecurity. They will specifically focus on further educating the public on genome science and pathogen dispersal in relation to plant pathogens and the crops they infect. They will give at least one talk to a public audience relating to this project, at least once per year.

The PDRA's, programmer and RA recruited for this project will benefit from improved skills, knowledge and experience gained from the research and wider training. This will contribute to their future economic activity in the public and/or private sectors. The innovative nature of the project ensures these individuals will likely develop unique skills that should prove highly attractive in the marketplace. This proposal also brings together an array of disciplines that will provide an exciting training ground for a cadre of excellent young scientists. This will contribute to the next generation of skilled crop scientists, with benefits beyond the immediate outcomes of this project.

Publications

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publication icon
Saunders D.G.O. (2019) Tackling the re-emergence of wheat stem rust in Western Europe in Communications Biology

Related Projects

Project Reference Relationship Related To Start End Award Value
BB/M025519/1 01/07/2015 28/02/2017 £396,173
BB/M025519/2 Transfer BB/M025519/1 01/03/2017 30/06/2018 £132,389
 
Title Mobile And Real-time PLant disEase (MARPLE) diagnostics: Impact interviews 
Description We interviewed a number of researchers in Ethiopia to capture the impact of our methodology development. 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2018 
Impact The video has been extremely useful for promoting the methodology and thereby in achieving follow-on funding. 
 
Title Mobile And Real-time PLant disEase (MARPLE) diagnostics: pipeline artwork 
Description We developed a graphic to illustrate our new methodology and make it easier for partners to follow. 
Type Of Art Image 
Year Produced 2018 
Impact This artwork has been utilised to convey the steps of the pipeline with partners and demonstrate its simplicity. 
URL https://acaciaafrica.org/marple-diagnostics/
 
Description Research discoveries:
1. We have shown that a number of new lineages of wheat yellow rust recently entered the UK and one population group called "Group 4" is now the most dominant and diverse. These new lineages seem to have replaced the previous UK races as no samples from the old races (pre-2011) have been identified since the project began in 2015.
2. These new emergent lineages of wheat yellow rust are part of globally widely dispersed populations of the pathogen, with isolates grouping together with these emergent European lineages from multiple countries worldwide.
3. We identified a degree of seasonal and varietal specificity for particular genetic groups of wheat yellow rust, with some groups present throughout the growing season (e.g. Group 4) and others detected only late in the season. Knowing a varieties susceptibility to specific isolates that are prevalent at certain times of the year could be an extremely powerful management tool.
4. With such seasonal variation in the yellow rust population, isolates found early in the season may not be indicative of those that may cause epidemics later in the season at the adult plant stage. This suggests that sampling throughout the growing season is essential to gain a clear indication of the true diversity of the wheat yellow rust population in the UK.
5. The yellow rust "Group 4" population was shown to be extremely diverse through both genotypic analysis and traditional pathotyping. Sampling of untreated fields showed multiple pathotypes present in all tested outbreaks, indicating that future sampling strategies should also use multiple samples per outbreak and that conclusions from single samples may be unrepresentative.
6. We identified the first mutation in the "azole" fungicide target gene, cyp51, for wheat yellow rust in several countries outside Europe. This indicates that we need to be more vigilant in monitoring for the potential development of "azole" resistance in wheat yellow rust in the UK. We also need to monitor for transmission of isolates containing this mutation into Europe.
Exploitation Route How our research findings are being taken forward:
1. The identification for the first of a mutation in the azole" fungicide target gene, cyp51, for wheat yellow rust has been of great interest to our industrial partners. We have a CASE studentship working in collabroation with Syngenta to develop a new genomics-based platform to enable careful monitoring of this mutation into the future.
2. The data and resources generated herein have provided new opportunities to incorporate genotypic analysis into the UK Cereal Pathogen Virulence Survey (UKCPVS) as it moves forward. This will ultimately enhance the speed of diagnostics and help to better target the UKCPVS's resources by implementing rapid genotypic characterisation prior to selecting notable isolates for labour intensive phenotypic investigation.
3. Building on the methodology generated herein, we recently transferred our genomics-based approach to a mobile nanopore seqeuncing platform. This new Mobile And Real-time PLant disEase (MARPLE) diagnostics platform is currently being deployed in resource-poor regions to enable tracking of individual strains for wheat yellow rust in real time. See: https://acaciaafrica.org/marple-diagnostics/
4. Utilising the methodology developed herein and the connections with our industrial partners we also identified the first record of stem rust on wheat in the UK for more than 60 years. Wheat stem rust, a devastating disease of wheat and barley caused by the fungal pathogen Puccina graminis f. sp. tritici, was largely eradicated in Western Europe during the mid-to-late 20th century. However, isolated outbreaks have occurred in recent years. We showed that only 20% of UK wheat varieties were resistant to this strain, and that climate changes over the past 25 years suggest increasingly conducive conditions for infection. Furthermore, we documented the first occurrence in decades of P. graminis on barberry in the UK. This study is now being continued through additional BBSRC funding and has been of great interest to the farming community and the general public.
Sectors Agriculture, Food and Drink

 
Description Through this project we developed methods to assess the genotypic diversity of wheat yellow rust and incorporated this capacity (for the first time) into the UK cereal pathogen virulence survey (UKCPVS). Wheat yellow rust is a substantial threat to wheat production in the UK and has the potential to reduce yields by up to 50% in untreated crops. Hence the ability to identify and track specific yellow rust strains is critical for effective disease management to protect the 14-15 million tonnes of wheat produced in the UK each year. Furthermore, the data and methodology generated through this project was critical to the subsequent development of our MARPLE (Mobile And Real-time PLant disEase) diagnostics platform. This new platform accelerates strain-level genotypic diagnostics and is currently being incorporated into the UKCPVS to equip the UK with the latest genomic-based pathogen surveillance tools.
First Year Of Impact 2017
Sector Agriculture, Food and Drink
Impact Types Societal,Economic

 
Description Barberry Highways Project
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact Providing further information regarding the role of barberry in potentially escalating cereal rust diversity has guided plans for future barberry re-planting efforts that now take into account proximity to cereal fields.
 
Description UKCPVS steering committee
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
 
Description CGIAR: - CGIAR Inspire challenge scale up
Amount $250,000 (USD)
Organisation CGIAR 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country France
Start 01/2019 
End 12/2020
 
Description Developing new tools for interrogating cereal invaders
Amount £3,500 (GBP)
Organisation Royal Society of Biology (RSB) 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United Kingdom
Start 07/2018 
End 09/2018
 
Description Horizon 2020
Amount € 4,999,999 (EUR)
Funding ID 773311-2 
Organisation European Commission 
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 05/2018 
End 04/2022
 
Description Investigation of conserved infection pathways in Puccinia species to identify novel targets for pathogen control
Amount £300,951 (GBP)
Funding ID BB/S011005/1 
Organisation Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 03/2019 
End 03/2022
 
Description The role of the sexual cycle in escalating wheat rust diversity in the UK
Amount £593,834 (GBP)
Funding ID BB/S003975/1 
Organisation Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2019 
End 09/2021
 
Title Mobile And Real-time Plant disEase (MARPLE) diagnostics 
Description Capitalising on advances in sequencing technology we developed MARPLE (Mobile And Real-time PLant disEase) diagnostics, the first operational system in the world using nanopore sequence technology for rapid diagnostics and surveillance of complex fungal pathogens in situ. Our partnership (JIC, CIMMYT and EIAR) and integration of the system with disease forecasting programmes has positioned Ethiopia as a world leader in pathogen diagnostics and forecasting. Generating results within 48 hours of field sampling, this new strategy is a revolution in plant disease diagnostics and will have far-reaching implications for how plant health threats are identified and tracked into the future. 
Type Of Material Biological samples 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact This new methodology opens up new opportunities for rapid diagnostic capacity for wheat yellow rust throughout the main wheat growing regions and permit sentinel monitoring of yellow rust races on an annual basis. Through this project, Ethiopia has now become the lead nation in Africa with a robust, rapid monitoring system for important transboundary diseases. 
URL https://acaciaafrica.org/marple-diagnostics/
 
Title Field pathogenomics web interface 
Description We have formulated a web interface to host all the data that is generated under our "field pathogenomics" pathogen surveillance project in a format that is accessible to a wide audience. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2015 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact The web interface is still under development but we are already getting positive responses from our industrial collaborators about the ability to use this to disseminate the data generated within our IPA. 
URL https://wheatis.tgac.ac.uk/yellowrust-map/
 
Title Nextstrain for wheat yellow rust 
Description The wheat yellow rust fungus (Puccinia striiformis f.sp. tritici) is the first plant pathogen to be added to an online open source platform, Nextstrain.org. The interactive data visualization tool displays genome data by reconstructing a "phylogeny" that illustrates the differences in the genetic makeup of bacterial, viral and fungal strains. This assists researchers investigating how new pathogen strains emerge and spread. Our recent addition of the yellow rust pathogen grants researchers worldwide access to genetic data to study the disease. 
Type Of Material Data analysis technique 
Year Produced 2019 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact The addition of Pst to the Nextstrain interface provides researchers the ability to easily study the diversity of strains on a global scale. 
URL https://nextstrain.org/community/saunderslab/PST
 
Description "Building resilience against crop diseases: a global surveillance system (GSS)" 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Rockefeller funded workshop to discuss the development of a global pathogen surveillance system
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description AHDB press release: Wheat stem rust outbreaks in Europe fuel industry collaboration 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact AHDB press release
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description BGRI workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited speaker at conference.
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Description BGRI: Pathogenomics workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
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Recent advances in next-generation sequencing technologies have provided new opportunities to integrate high-resolution genotype data into pathogen population studies. In this workshop, we will cover some of the bioinformatics analysis incorporated into the newly developed "Field Pathogenomics" technique. This approach utilizes next-generation sequence data to accelerate pathogen diagnostics, whilst providing detailed genotypic sub-structure of pathogen populations at an unprecedented resolution. Using next-generation sequence data generated from a selection of wheat yellow rust isolates, participants will determine how related they are to each other. To this aim, they will work stepwise through a series of exercises that will include (1) QC analysis of next-generation sequence data, (2) sequence alignments, (3) SNP calling, and (4) phylogenetic analysis. At the completion of the workshop participants will be familiar with next-generation sequence data and its potential for performing high-resolution population analyses.
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Description BarbRE website 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
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Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://barbre.co.uk
 
Description Bioinformatics & Wheat Genomics workshop - South Africa 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact To train partners in South Africa in bioinformatics skills.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Blog entry about research project (Wheat Side Story) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Blog post on research project
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.earlham.ac.uk/articles/wheat-side-story
 
Description Breeders Day 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact The John Innes Centre holds an annual Breeders' Day that provides an opportunity to hear first-hand from our scientists about our science and how it impacts crop breeding and farming.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Dialogue with Drayton Manor regarding barberry carpet moth programme 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact This was a formal meeting to raise awareness regarding the role of barberry in the wheat rust lifecycle. In addition, this led to a new research program developing as an outcome of these discussions.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Engaging Images Public Art and Poetry Exhibition 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Image competition to inspire engagement with NRP scientists.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Exeter Uni: Forgotten crop pathogen may be about to return 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Exeter Uni press release
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Exploring the science behind taste and flavour at Norwich Food and Drink Festival 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Volunteer with British Science Association.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Farming Today 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Farming Today interview
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Gates Grand Challenges Event 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited to take part in discussion regarding the future of pathogen surveillance methodologies.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description International Cereal Rusts and Powdery Mildews Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited keynote speaker.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.eiseverywhere.com/ehome/268483
 
Description Introduction to bioinformatics and wheat genomics 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Workshop aims:
Expertise in the field of bioinformatics has become indispensable in most genetic or genomic research and applied approaches. This need has exceeded the level and rate at which plant genomics scientists have been trained in bioinformatics in South Africa. This workshop aimed to provide much-needed hands-on training in bioinformatics, wheat genomics and sequencing technologies by leading UK experts that are highly competent researchers and experienced trainers in these fields.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description JIC 50 years Open Day 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Participant at JIC 50 years Open Day
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description JIC Industry showcase event 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact JIC Industry showcase event
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description JIC press release: First report in decades of a forgotten crop pathogen 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact JIC press release
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description MARPLE website 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact We have generated a project website to raise awareness of the project: https://acaciaafrica.org/marple-diagnostics/
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016,2018
URL https://acaciaafrica.org/marple-diagnostics/
 
Description Meeting with Butterfly Conservation regarding the barberry carpet moth program 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This discussion was focused on raising awareness regarding the role of barberry in the life cycle of the wheat rust pathogens.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description NIAB NEWS: New study on wheat stem rust calls for close monitoring 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact NIAB news article
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.niab.com/news_and_events/article/429
 
Description New Phytologist workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact New Phytologist/DFG SPP1819-funded workshop "Molecular mechanisms underlying the rapid evolution of plant-microbe interactions"
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Outreach at BIO school - Bringing scientists to you event at Marshland High School (Peterborough) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Outreach at BIO school - Bringing scientists to you event at Marshland High School (Peterborough)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Outreach at BIO school - Sports Days for Boys 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Outreach at BIO school - Sports Days for Boys 2017
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Pathogenomics workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Trainer on Pathogenomics workshop organised by The Sainsbury Laboratory
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Pint of Science talk 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Talk to raise awareness of plant disease and genomics.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Presentation to visiting agricultural students from Hogeschool, Ghent 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact Presentation to a visiting group of agricultural students from Homeschool in Ghent.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Rustwatch workshop on field pathogenomics 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Workshop to train individuals in the MARPLE diagnostic pipeline as part of the RustWatch program (https://agro.au.dk/forskning/projekter/rustwatch/)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://agro.au.dk/forskning/projekter/rustwatch/news-and-events/show/artikel/rustwatch-workshop-on-...
 
Description State of the worlds fungi 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited speaker.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Talk to flying farmers 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Talk to "flying farmer" group.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Thought for Food challenge 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Competition - students in the group developed a web app called "Patch It App". The entry reached the top 20 teams and was invited to Amsterdam where they delivered a presentation about the novel application for urban farmers during the pop-up pitch session on the second day.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.tffchallenge.com
 
Description Three-horizons, Agritech East Workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A workshop to provide an opportunity to find out how next generation sequencing technologies and high performance computing are being applied to answer the biological challenges of our time.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Training in pathogenomics methodology in Ethiopia 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Visiting Ethiopia to train individuals in advanced genomics-based disease surveillance techniques.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://acaciaafrica.org/marple-diagnostics-a-pioneering-step-in-ethiopian-wheat-rust-management/
 
Description UK Cereal Pathogen Virulence Survey: Invited speaker 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Invited to share our latest results and methodology regarding pathogen diagnostics and surveillance.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description UKCPVS Event 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Participant at UKCPVS Event
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.niab.com/pages/id/316/UKCPVS
 
Description UKCPVS stakeholder meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact UKCPVS stakeholder event.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description WGIN Stakeholders' Meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited speaker.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Women in computing blog series at the EI website 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Blog post to promote women in computing
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.earlham.ac.uk/articles/women-computing-pilar-corredor-moreno
 
Description Workshop on MARPLE diagnostics in Ethiopia 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A workshop to train individuals in the MARPLE diagnostics method to support adoption of this method in Ethiopia.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://acaciaafrica.org/supercharged-marple-labs-to-be-fastest-rust-surveillance-system-in-africa/
 
Description Youth STEMM Awards 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact The Youth STEMM Award is an achievement-based award for students in Years 9-13, designed to support and inspire the next generation of STEMM professionals. We provided an opportunity for participants to gain new knowledge about rust pathogens.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Youth STEMM awards 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact A ceremony for The Youth STEMM Award (YSA) which provides a focused and engaging framework for young people aged 13-18 to further their passion, knowledge and skills in STEMM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Maths and Medicine).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.jic.ac.uk/news-and-events/news/2016/07/new-youth-stemm-award-recognises-success-end-year...
 
Description http://hpc.ilri.cgiar.org/beca/training/jic_beca_2016/index.html 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Trainer on workshop "Advancing cereals genetic research using the latest genomic and germplasm resources" BecA-ILRI Hub, Nairobi, Kenya
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://hpc.ilri.cgiar.org/beca/training/jic_beca_2016/index.html