NEWTON SEA: Valorisation of agricultural wastes in the Thai rural economy for bioenergy production, nutrient recycling and water pollution control

Lead Research Organisation: Newcastle University
Department Name: Sch of Engineering

Abstract

This project will build innovation capacity for the valorisation of agricultural waste materials in renewable energy production, wastewater treatment, nutrient recovery, and chemical pollution risk reduction, using aquacultures in Thailand as case study. It will protect the environment and public health by reducing open burning of biomass wastes such as rice straw, corn cobs or coconut shells and husks. These biomass waste materials will instead become feedstock for renewable energy production in biogasification plants. The main project focus is on testing the suitability of biochar, the solid residue of the biogasification process, for environmental pollution control and nutrient recovery, thus realizing multiple benefits at the intersection of the food, energy, water and environment sectors.
The UK-Thai research collaboration will test the suitability of biochars produced from different agricultural waste materials under different pyrolysis conditions as sorbent material to prevent entry of toxic chemicals such as heavy metals or pesticides or petroleum hydrocarbons from polluted canal water into the food-chain of aquaculture ponds, where they could bioaccumulate and ultimately affect the consumers of shrimp, fish and other aquaculture products. Our project will test the hypothesis that biochars can be used in water biofiltration designs to enhance retention of toxic chemicals and facilitate the break-down of biodegradable pollutants such as pesticides or petroleum hydrocarbons present in canal water which feeds ponds. We will also test the hypothesis that biochars can be directly applied to aquaculture pond sediments to bind up sediment pollutants and prevent their uptake into the aquaculture food-chain. After harvest, the aquaculture ponds themselves can become the source of nutrient rich wastewaters which, if discharged into canals without treatment, will cause eutrophication of canal water and damage ecosystems. Instead of discharging nutrients into sensitive ecosystems, it would be better to recover them for use in agriculture, replacing inorganic fertilizers. The project will therefore also test the hypothesis that biochars can bind and recover nutrients from aquaculture wastewater. Contrary to more traditional wastewater treatment options based on the nitrification-denitrification process, the new process will not release precious nutrients as molecular nitrogen into the atmosphere, from where nitrogen has to be fixed again with the energy-intensive Haber-Bosch process for use in agriculture. Instead, the nutrients will be sorbed onto biochars which can then be applied to fields as slow-release fertilizer or used as nutrient source in hydroponic systems. The project will experimentally investigate the feasibility of these innovative concepts using real Thai agricultural waste materials for the production of biochar, and real canal and aquaculture pond waters and sediments for evaluating the proposed treatment methods. Water and sediment treatment design models will be calibrated and verified with the measured experimental data and utilized to optimize the proposed designs. Researchers from King Mongkut's University of Technology Thonburi (KMUTT) in Bangkok and Newcastle University in the UK will share responsibility for the delivery of this project, and will exchange biochar production & characterisation, chemical analysis, water treatment design and field work expertise.
Stakeholders from Kasetsart University, the Water Quality Management Office, and Thai farmers will be engaged in two public workshops, and through the field work at an aquaculture farm. This project seeks to invert the current problematic inter-dependencies in the Food-Energy-Water-Environment Nexus into future mutually beneficial inter-linkages which will make the rural economy more sustainable. The project will create new economic opportunities, and contribute to innovation in an area of global significance.

Planned Impact

This project seeks to invert the current problematic inter-dependencies described by the Food-Energy-Water-Environment Nexus into future mutually beneficial inter-linkages between food, energy and water provision, which will make the Thai and the global rural economy more sustainable. The project will develop new environmental engineering solutions for waste valorisation, water treatment and nutrient recovery, and thereby create new business opportunities in the rural economy, and contribute to innovation in an area of global significance. The Thai researchers will benefit from the state-of-the art facilities at Newcastle University in the UK for analysis of metal and organic pollutants (LC-MS/GC-MS/ICP-MS) at the School of Civil Engineering and Geosciences, and for biochar characterization at the Northern Carbon Research Laboratory. Risk assessment trainings, wastewater treatment design trainings, and hands-on analytical trainings will be provided for the Thai researchers by the UK partners, and in kind by the Newcastle University spin-out company Enviresearch Ltd, which provides regulatory and risk assessment services in Europe. The UK researchers will benefit from the Thai expertise in large scale biochar production and their understanding of the Thai rural economy, and from the access to aquaculture farms where innovative water and sediment treatment and nutrient recovery methods can be pilot trialed. Thai stakeholders from the Water Quality Management Office of the Bangkok Metropolitan Administration will not only facilitate this research by providing local water quality expertise, but will also gain additional knowledge of the chemical status of Thai surface water resources, and innovative water treatment methods for protecting the water environment through their engagement with this project. Research partners from Kasetsart University will not only help the project in kind with their biochar production facilities and expertise, but will also through their engagement in this project learn more about innovative and high value applications of biochar in water treatment and nutrient recovery. The Thai aquaculture farmers, and their communal technology transfer center in the Bang Khun Thian district, will not only enable this project by providing access to their farms, but will also learn about new business opportunities such as new agricultural waste valorisation methods, inexpensive and sustainable water treatment methods, and nutrient recovery methods for their aquacultures. This project will built innovation capacity in Thailand for the sustainable protection of water resources, on which the livelihood of millions of people depends, for the sustainable production of safe and healthy food in well managed aquacultures, and for the valorisation of agricultural waste materials in bioenergy and biochar production, which produces less air pollution than open field biomass burning. The technologies investigated and the innovation capacity built through this project will create new economic opportunities in rural Thailand, and establish sustainable engineering skills and expertise which can then radiate across the region from the beacons of expertise at KMUTT and Kasetsart University, from Thailand into neighboring low income countries such as Laos and Myanmar, and across the Southeast region. Sustainable and inexpensive solutions to resolve the current Food-Energy-Water-Environment Nexus are needed not only in Southeast Asia, but globally, and through a successful delivery of the project the UK-Thai partnership can make a significant advancement towards the aim of greater sustainability.

Publications

10 25 50
 
Title Biochar workshop audiorecording - part 1 
Description Audiorecording of the workshop at King Mongkut's University of Technology Thonburi (KMUTT) on the Valorisation of agricultural wastes in the Thai rural economy for bioenergy production, nutrient recycling and water pollution control in aquaculture - part 1 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2017 
Impact Gives external users access to presentations delivered at the workshop, 20 views and 1 like to date. 
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EtD2CB37Or0&t=52s
 
Title Biochar workshop audiorecording - part 2 
Description Audiorecording of the workshop at King Mongkut's University of Technology Thonburi (KMUTT) on the Valorisation of agricultural wastes in the Thai rural economy for bioenergy production, nutrient recycling and water pollution control in aquaculture - part 2 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2017 
Impact Makes presentations from the workshop publically available - 8 views 
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lvCUkDdLLNc
 
Title Biochar workshop audiorecording - part 3 
Description Audiorecording of the workshop at King Mongkut's University of Technology Thonburi (KMUTT) on the Valorisation of agricultural wastes in the Thai rural economy for bioenergy production, nutrient recycling and water pollution control in aquaculture - part 3 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2017 
Impact Makes presentations from the workshop publically available - 14 views 
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FvwYuxvM2Jc
 
Title Biochar workshop audiorecording - part 4 
Description Audiorecording of the workshop at King Mongkut's University of Technology Thonburi (KMUTT) on the Valorisation of agricultural wastes in the Thai rural economy for bioenergy production, nutrient recycling and water pollution control in aquaculture - part 4 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2017 
Impact Makes presentations from the workshop publically available - 8 views 
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MGDgFP6zTEA
 
Title Biochar workshop audiorecording - part 5 
Description Audiorecording of the workshop at King Mongkut's University of Technology Thonburi (KMUTT) on the Valorisation of agricultural wastes in the Thai rural economy for bioenergy production, nutrient recycling and water pollution control in aquaculture - part 5 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2017 
Impact Makes presentations from the workshop publically available - 9 views 
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MGDgFP6zTEA
 
Title Biochar workshop audiorecording - part 6 
Description Audiorecording of the workshop at King Mongkut's University of Technology Thonburi (KMUTT) on the Valorisation of agricultural wastes in the Thai rural economy for bioenergy production, nutrient recycling and water pollution control in aquaculture - part 6 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2017 
Impact Makes presentations from the workshop publically available - 14 views 
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FtxdY2q1uf8
 
Title Biochar workshop audiorecording - part 7 
Description Audiorecording of the workshop at King Mongkut's University of Technology Thonburi (KMUTT) on the Valorisation of agricultural wastes in the Thai rural economy for bioenergy production, nutrient recycling and water pollution control in aquaculture - part 7 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2017 
Impact Makes presentations from the workshop publically available - 9 views 
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q1vdXN3JpvE
 
Description Peri-urban aquacultures produce nutritious food in proximity to markets, but deteriorating surface water quality within rapidly expanding megacities threatens their success in emerging economies. We applied conventional and advanced methods, including micropollutant analysis, genetic markers, and 16S rRNA amplicon sequencing, to comparatively assess water and sediment quality at three family-owned aquacultures and their associated canals near Bangkok, Thailand. The aquacultures investigated spanned extensive, semi-intensive and intensive practices. Canals were typically net sources for thermotolerant coliforms, Bacteroides spp., Prevotella spp., human E.coli, and nitrogen into the ponds, and samples frequently failed Thai standards for water to be used in coastal aquaculture. Aquacultures were typically net sources of salinity and the herbicide/algaecide diuron into the canals. The problematic combination of domestic wastewater influxes via the canals and antibiotic residues in the aquaculture ponds is a notable public health concern. Currently, water eutrophication appears to be beyond the control of peri-urban aquaculture farmers, and interviews documented how poor water quality detrimentally affected their businesses. The intensive aquaculture suffered an economic loss, attributed to an algae bloom, and the extensive aquaculture stopped all culturing activities at the end of the monitoring period because of poor water quality and problems with invasive cichlid species.
To address these water quality problems, the research next evaluated the suitability of biochars produced from four different agricultural waste materials readily available in the Thai rural economy (corn cobs, coconut shells, coconut husks and rice straw) for nutrient recovery and water treatment in Thai aquacultures. It was discovered that biochar produced from coconut husks in Thailand via the drum kiln method had the best sorbent properties for nutrient recovery and water treatment. However, the high salinity of canal and aquaculture pond water in coastal, intertidal areas and the high pH of pond and canal water in contact with the biochars pose significant challenges for the effective use of biochars for the binding of anionic and cationic nutrients such as nitrate, phosphate and ammonium. On the other hand, organic nutrients such as organic nitrogen and organic carbon containing molecules are much more readily adsorbed by the biochars. Chitosan coating of the biochars and blending with limestone for pH control in water biofilters containing biochar have been identified as options for improving the water treatment performance of the investigated materials. Field trials demonstrated improved performance of drum kiln coconut husk biochar amended sand filters as compared to sand only filters in terms of COD, ammonium and antibiotics/pesticide/herbicide removal from brackish canal/pond water. By filtering small volumes of canal water daily through drum kiln coconut husk biochar amended sand, aquaculture farmers can significantly improve water quality in their ponds. Based on information about the water exchange regime of aquacultures gathered from the farmers, it is estimated that about 5% of the pond surface area would have to be transformed into such biofilters for improved water quality management.
Exploitation Route The research collaborators at KMUTT have obtained further research funding to investigate Water Quality Improvement and Activity Development for Coastal Aquaculture Farming by Local Materials of Samut Songkhram Province, which will build on the findings and contacts built through the Newton SEA project. This will include continuing involvement of the three case study aquaculture farms (extensive, semi-intensive and intensive) to help them deal with water quality issues in the local canals and with sustainable aquaculture management. Water and sediment quality data generated in the project is being shared with the Bangkok Metropolitan Administration and the Department of Fisheries to inform their decision and policy making. Parinda Thayanukul from KMUTT has obtained a Young Academic Staff Skill Development travel bursary to learn micropollutant analysis by LC-MS at Newcastle University, which is a skill she considers essential for her future career in water quality management at KMUTT. A new institutional links award from the Newton Fund/British Council/Thailand Office of Higher Education Commission (OHEC) enables continued collaboration between KMUTT and Newcastle University. The objective of the institutional links award, which builds on findings from this project, is to develop portable next generation sequencing (NGS) technology for microbial water quality management and disease prevention in aquaculture without excessive use of antibiotics/disinfectants. A research translation award by the BBSRC/NERC will enable continued collaboration between KMUTT and Newcastle University on sustainable coastal aquaculture, and engagement with aquaculture farmers, the Thai Department of Fisheries, and the Bangkok Metropolitan Administration.
Sectors Agriculture, Food and Drink,Education,Environment,Leisure Activities, including Sports, Recreation and Tourism,Government, Democracy and Justice

URL https://blogs.ncl.ac.uk/davidwerner/newton-fund-project/
 
Description In the UK, Enviresearch Ltd contributed to the training of the visiting Thai researchers from KMUTT and added a valuable external perspective on the safe use of agrochemicals such as herbicides and antibiotics, which some Thai aquaculture farmers use for controlling algae blooms and bacterial diseases in their aquaculture ponds. They were also able to point the research team towards the appropriate toxicity databases to use for assessing the risks of chemicals found in canals and ponds in Thailand, and appropriate risk assessment software. In Thailand, the findings will help the Thai researchers and three aquaculture farmers engaged through the fieldwork in understanding water quality issues in the local canals feeding their ponds and new options for better managing water quality with locally available skills and materials, including water biofiltration and recirculation schemes using locally produced biochar. The case study farmers can disseminate those insights to the local community. The Bangkok Metropolitan Administration's Water Quality Management Office participated in the project workshop, and thus gained a more comprehensive understanding of local water quality at the case study sites, including valuable and new information about man-made organic micropollutants such as herbicides, pesticides and pharmaceuticals. This information helps the Water Quality Management Office identify priority water management issues around Bangkok and with decision making. The Water Quality Management Office has been made aware of findings regarding poor water quality in local canals, which is mainly due to untreated domestic wastewater pollution. These findings are timely in the context of the current debate around the introduction of a new water tax in Thailand for agricultural surface water abstractions. The study results show that, while a user charge is desirable for better water resources protection, it would exacerbate the present economic difficulties of small-scale aquaculture farmers. Furthermore, farmers would be paying for water, which is currently not fit for their purposes (i.e. failing Thai Standards for surface water to be used for coastal aquaculture practices).
First Year Of Impact 2018
Sector Agriculture, Food and Drink,Education,Energy,Environment,Government, Democracy and Justice
Impact Types Economic,Policy & public services

 
Description A framework for sustainable aquaculture within peri-urban green infrastructures protecting the Gulf of Thailand from eutrophication
Amount £252,000 (GBP)
Funding ID BB/T012471/1 
Organisation Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2020 
End 01/2022
 
Description Characterization of biochar effects on soil microbial communitie
Amount £4,000 (GBP)
Funding ID NA 
Organisation Norwegian Geotechnical Institute 
Sector Private
Country Norway
Start 01/2020 
End 06/2020
 
Description Comprehensive water quality monitoring where there is no laboratory
Amount £225,000 (GBP)
Funding ID ICA\R1\191241 
Organisation The Royal Society 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United Kingdom
Start 11/2019 
End 10/2022
 
Description Effect of Season on Environmental Costing of Coastal Aquaculture
Amount ฿427,700 (THB)
Organisation National Research Council of Thailand 
Sector Public
Country Thailand
Start 10/2017 
End 09/2018
 
Description IAFRI studentship
Amount £60,000 (GBP)
Organisation Fera Science Limited 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2018 
End 08/2021
 
Description KMUTT Young academic skill development grant for a research visit at Newcastle University
Amount ฿100,000 (THB)
Funding ID Awarded to Parinda Thayanukul 
Organisation King Mongkut University of Technology Thonburi 
Sector Academic/University
Country Thailand
Start 07/2018 
End 08/2018
 
Description Newton Fund Institutional Links Grants
Amount £100,000 (GBP)
Funding ID 414469402 
Organisation Newton Fund 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2019 
End 12/2019
 
Description Summer bursary
Amount £2,500 (GBP)
Organisation Enviresearch Foundation 
Sector Private
Country United Kingdom
Start 06/2019 
End 08/2019
 
Description Travel bursary for Ms Wilkinson to participate in Biochar workshop at KMUTT in Bangkok
Amount £700 (GBP)
Organisation Newcastle University 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 03/2017 
End 04/2017
 
Description Water Quality Improvement and Activity Development for Coastal Aquaculture Farming by Local Materials of Samut Songkhram Province
Amount ฿200,000 (THB)
Organisation Ministry of Education 
Sector Public
Country Thailand
Start 02/2018 
End 11/2018
 
Description Valorisation of agricultural waste materials 
Organisation King Mongkut University of Technology Thonburi
Country Thailand 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution This is a Newton Fund Official Development Assistance collaboration. Newcastle University will contribute skills in biochar characterisation and its application for water treatment and nutrient recovery.
Collaborator Contribution KMUTT will contribute expertise in biochar production from Thai agricultural waste materials and knowledge of aquaculture. The collaboration seeks to invert current problematic interdependencies in the Food-Water-Energy-Environment Nexus into future synergies.
Impact This is a new, multi-disciplinary collaboration which has just started.
Start Year 2017
 
Description 2nd Symposium on Next generation sequencing, probiotics and other technologies for water quality management in aquaculture 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This international symposium was organized with the aim to provide a forum for academics and professionals from various fields to share knowledge, experiences and engage in the dialogue around the theme of water quality monitoring and management in aquaculture, which will enhance the research network among the universities, government departments, communities and experts from Thailand and oversea. Total there were 61 participants from 18 institutions included faculty members, researchers, master and doctoral students, aquaculture farmers, government officials (Department of Fisheries, Bangkok Metropolitan Administration, Pollution Control Department) and private sector delegates. There were vivid debates about the causes of current problems with diseases and water quality in aquaculture, the causes of antibiotic resistance in the environment, and mitigating measures.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://blogs.ncl.ac.uk/davidwerner/newton-fund-project/
 
Description Pesticide fate modelling and risk assessment training by external partner 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Two staff members from the consultancy Enviresearch Ltd provided, in-kind, an afternoon of training in pesticide fate and risks assessment for regulatory approval in the European Union. This included a demonstration of software, and discussion of the water quality results obtained from the fieldwork in Thailand with experts from Enviresearch. The training was attended by 4 academics/researchers from King Mongkut's University of Technology Thonburi (KMUTT), together with 7 PhD students and academics from Newcastle University.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Project Workshop at King Mongkut's University of Technology Thonburi (KMUTT) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact The project launch workshop at King Mongkut's University of Technology Thonburi (KMUTT) brought together over 50 attendees (academics, researchers, postgraduate and undergraduate students from KMUTT, Kasetsart University and Newcastle University with delegate from Bangkok Metropolitan Administration's Water Quality Management Office, the Department of Fisheries, and local aquaculture farms, plus external international workshop attendees from Korea and China). Knowledge was exchanged about biochar production from agricultural biomass waste materials, aquaculture practices and related water pollution issues. After presentations by 15 speakers, there was an open forum discussion about the project objectives and practical implementation issues which highlighted important technology implementation aspects, such as existing usages of biochar in the rural economy as biofuel (briquettes), and the new water use tax, which will affect the economics of aquacultures and potentially provides an incentive for implementing the envisioned water treatment and recirculation schemes.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Seminar about Thai aquaculture and related water pollution issues at Newcastle University 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Professor Vinitnantharat gave a seminar about aquaculture practice and water pollution issues in Thailand to 50 academics, researchers and students at Newcastle University. In addition, interim project results were shared and discussed with 10 researchers and students at Newcastle University. This lead to discussions about Thai-UK research collaboration opportunities within and beyond the Newton Fund project. An Newcastle Environmental Engineering Master student from Thailand (Ms. Aom Plaimart), who attended the presentation decided to work for her MSc thesis on this topic.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.ncl.ac.uk/engineering/research/civil/environmentalengineering/seminars/
 
Description Skill Development for Water Quality Monitoring and Improvement for Aquaculture at Laem Fa Pha Fishery Community Enterprise, Samut Prakan province 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This research dissemination workshop engaged researchers with aquaculture farmers and local government officers on water quality monitoring and management methods. Show and tell demonstrations included water quality assessment methods, water biofiltration methods using locally sourced biochar, biochar application as water quality improver in shrimp nurseries, and molecular microbial water quality analysis and bioinformatics tools. The engagement reached 25 aquaculture farmers and government officials and the exhibits were hosted free of charge at the Laem Fa Pha Fishery Community Enterprise in Samut Prakan province. The exhibits sparked questions and discussions about everyday water quality management issues experienced by the farmers and methods to improve water quality and prevent shrimp diseases.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://blogs.ncl.ac.uk/davidwerner/newton-fund-project/
 
Description Summer School at Newcastle University gives Year 12 and First Year College students hands-on experience in water quality analysis 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Bitesize Uni (also known as BSU) provides Year 12 and First Year College students with the information and opportunities to help them make an informed decision about whether or not they want to go to University. As part of the 2017 Summer School at Newcastle University, Dr David Werner taught 17 students interested in Engineering about the global challenge of providing access to safe water and adequate sanitation to everyone living on this planet. He presented case studies from his work on this issue with partners in Brazil, India, Thailand and Tanzania. Following the short lecture, the students were able to gain some hands-on experience in water quality analysis using portable photospectrometers. They compared the occurrence of ammonium, nitrite and nitrate in surface water samples collected in different locations around Newcastle upon Tyne. Luckily, the water quality was found to be fairly good in comparison with, for example, heavily contaminated shallow groundwater below unplanned suburban settlements in low and middle income countries.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Summer School, subject taster session on water quality and environmental engineering 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact A subject taster session on water quality and environmental engineering was attended by 20 students attending a 3 day summer school at Newcastle University. A portable laboratory for water quality analysis was presented, which can identify millions of bacteria in water samples using a memory-stick sized, portable device for next generation sequencing. The students learned about the importance of water quality, safe water provision and access to sanitation from international case studies in Tanzania and Thailand.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.ncl.ac.uk/pass/
 
Description The Workshop on Portable Next Generation Sequencing Technology for Microbial Water Quality Management 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact This workshop was targeted at beginners such as graduate students, researchers, and other learners from the private sector to disseminate the MinION technology, the results of the case studies from aquaculture, and bioinformatics tools. The demonstration and practice by participants was done by a coaching team from Newcastle University (NCL) and King Mongkut's University of Technology Thonburi (KMUTT). The event was attended by 31 students/researchers/practitioners from four countries (Thailand, Myanmar, Vietnam, UK).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://blogs.ncl.ac.uk/davidwerner/newton-fund-project/