S2N - Soil to Nutrition - Work package 3 (WP3) - Sustainable intensification - optimisation at multiple scales

Lead Research Organisation: Rothamsted Research
Department Name: Unlisted

Abstract

Sustainable intensification (SI) has emerged as a conceptualisation of the fundamental challenges facing the agricultural industry. Some of the science community are responding with programmes on agro-ecology, 'ecological intensification' and the delivery of public goods (the focus of the ASSIST programme). However, this approach on its own down-weighs the equally important additional pillars that must underpin true SI (production, environmental and social). The critical challenge that the S2N strategic programme, including this project, addresses is the mismatch in spatial and temporal scales in relevant components of SI: 1) mechanisms that regulate soil-plant-microbe interactions; 2) trade-offs between productivity, resilience and nutrient use efficiency; and 3) the scales of measurement used to inform land management for food production by farmers on one hand and the development and implementation of environmental/agricultural policy on the other. Experimental measurements are usually made at core/ quadrat spatial scales (cm2 to m2) and over short timescales; land managers operate at the field to farm/ estate scale (ha to km2) over seasonal or annual timeframes; policy makers and deliverers are interested in catchment, regional or national scales over years to decades, often in relation to legally-binding national/ international policies and legislation e.g. the EU Water Framework Directive. Exploration of the interactions between land management decisions and policy drivers inherently involves the merger of improved mechanistic understanding of efficiency of nutrient utilization (ENU) at the soil-plant level (WP1 0I310) and adaptive management on the farm (WP2 I0320) with mathematical upscaling methodologies which are dealt with in this project (WP 3 I0330). The principal aim of this WP is therefore to understand what mechanistic understanding links farm management to the effective functioning of environmental and food systems to deliver SI.

Publications

10 25 50

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Balmford A (2018) The environmental costs and benefits of high-yield farming. in Nature sustainability

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Balmford A (2018) The environmental costs and benefits of high-yield farming in Nature Sustainability

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Blöschl G (2019) Twenty-three unsolved problems in hydrology (UPH) - a community perspective in Hydrological Sciences Journal

 
Title Press item: https://farming.co.uk/news/The-advent-of-green-cattle 
Description Press item: https://farming.co.uk/news/The-advent-of-green-cattle 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2018 
Impact National readership 
 
Title Press item: https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-379 41196 
Description Press item: https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-379 41196 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2018 
Impact National News Item 
 
Title Press item: https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-37941196 
Description Press item: https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-37941196 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2018 
Impact National news item 
 
Description The collation of empirical and modelled data across scales as part of the work for this award is suggesting process scaling and dominance switches across scales from farm to landscape. This clearly has important implications for the targeting of on-farm interventions for sustainable intensification and for addressing the spatial and temporal mismatches between on-farm management and the delivery of environmental objectives (e.g. for water or air quality) at larger (i.e. landscape, catchment) scales. Farm advisors at present do not have at their disposal information on fundamental processes relevant to the targeting of on-farm interventions for sustainable intensification and this is resulting in incorrectly targeted management decisions. An example of the S2N work here concerns new mechanistic understanding on particulate losses from the North Wyke Farm Platform. This new mechanistic understanding recently published in the Journal of Environment Management (Pulley and Collins, 2019) has been used to help frame an intervention strategy for comparison with business-as-usual on-farm advice, looking at the associated co-benefits and trade-offs. The modelling comparison clearly suggests that the pathway framed on the basis of new mechanistic understanding from the North Wyke Farm Platform performs better than the on-farm measures typically recommended by farm advisors under business-as-usual. This assessment includes examination of co-benefits and trade-offs for losses to water (nutrients, sediment, FIOs) and air (nitrous oxide, methane, ammonia), soil quality (connected porosity and water holding capacity), soil carbon, energy use and biodiversity (terrestrial). Ongoing work is comparing additional mechanistically-defined scenarios with business-as-usual.
The findings from comparing mechanistically-defined intervention pathways for sustainable intensification, with business-as-usual pathways, are being discussed with several Defra policy teams who recognise the critical role that Soil to Nutrition can play in filling an evidence gap as scenario modelling results across scales continue to come on line. There is clear potential for S2N work to help inform the new Environmental Land Management (ELM) outcomes framework.
Exploitation Route The findings if they continue to develop in the current direction will provide the basis for helping to revise and improve advice delivered into the agricultural sector about on-farm options for delivering sustainable intensification (taking account of co-benefits and trade-offs). To date, the findings have been used by a water utility (Wessex Water) to help revise their landscape scale management plans for dealing with externalities of farming on water quality and specifically phosphorus related issues. The findings to date have also been used by the Environment Agency as input to landscape management plans and by FWAG SW to tailor their advice to farmers. Our work on trade-offs (emissions to water and air, soil quality, soil carbon, energy use, biodiversity) for different pathways to sustainable intensification in agriculture has been discussed with LEAF who are considering trialling a new landscape scale certification scheme. Soil to Nutrition is now linking up with Southern Water to ensure that our new evidence on mechanistically-defined pathways to sustainable intensification in agriculture are used to help inform more robust management across scales in their priority landscapes. Critically, although this revised management will be framed to target water quality outcomes, explicit assessments of projected outcomes for emissions to air, soil quality, soil carbon, energy use and biodiversity will also be included.
Sectors Agriculture, Food and Drink,Education,Environment,Government, Democracy and Justice

 
Description The following summarises progress in relation to the Pathways to Impact document for Soil to Nutrition: Agriculture and food industry - KE workshops for farmers and industry stakeholders held annually (facilitated through WP3), to include demonstrations of interventions by farmers involved in the network of commercial farms in the test landscapes - this has been delivered though link up with the Demonstration Test Catchments, a collaborative project on the River Cale catchment with FWAG SW for the Environment Agency, and most recently, with farmers who are members of the Welsh NFU. In these cases, farmer focus groups or discussions have been used to share experiences of, and costs associated with, different on-farm interventions for delivering the SI of agriculture and to gain feedback from farmers on their attitudes towards future uptake of interventions. Critically, the discussions have focussed on on-farm interventions selected on the basis of mechanistic (e.g. hydrological, soil quality) understanding, for comparison with those typically recommended by business-as-usual. - Direct engagement with farmers and industry representative bodies will ensure that programme outputs are incorporated within relevant sector guidance documents and roadmaps - the emerging evidence on the scaling of key (e.g. hydrological, soil quality) mechanistic understanding has important implications for improving on-farm advice for sustainable intensification. This emerging evidence and the messages associated with it are now being picked up by a range of organisations associated with agri-industry, including water companies (e.g. Wessex Water and more recently Southern Water), AHDB, Soil Association, LEAF, Environment Agency, Natural England, CaBA (Catchment-based approach) partnerships and Defra policy teams (most recent direct engagement in March 2020). The vision is for fully strategic roll out of this new evidence as further progress is made on Soil to Nutrition modelled scenarios across scales. The scope for capturing and delivering the new evidence in a simple user-friendly tool is being considered. - Establishment of the network of commercial farms in test landscapes - farmer focus groups exist in conjunction with the test landscapes from the Demonstration Test Catchment programme and as part of the new River Taw observatory (Taw facilitation fund group). Additionally, we are interacting with commercial farmers in the Landscape Pioneer being administered by Natural England for testing a new ELM from the autumn of 2019 and with farmers as part of the North Wyke advisory group. We have established a new farmer focus group in the upper Taw observatory established under Soil to Nutrition and use this group to gain feedback on the different pathways to sustainable intensification being modelled in the programme. - We continue to act as a Sustainable Intensification (SI) hub (WP3.3) for other ISPGs, especially ASSIST  and Smart Crop Protection ISPGs, but also more widely in the SI community - SIRN (sirn.org.uk) hosted a horizon scanning event in January 2019 to brainstorm possible threats to sustainable agriculture that NERC and BBSRC might want to consider pressing UKRI to fund. To this end, some 20 scientists attended a 2 day workshop in London. Academic attendees represented as many disciplines within sustainable agriculture and as many separate institutions as we could mange within the 20-person constraint. Besides Soil to Nutrition, there were representatives from the ASSIST and Designing Future Wheat ISPGs among the attendees. Some 70 threats and opportunities were suggested but time was pressing and 3 were developed into fully-specified suggestions for research programmes that UKRI might fund. A report for NERC and BBSRC was prepared. - Soil to Nutrition advisory group has been established consisting of leading UK farmers, groups (e.g. Farmcare) and support organisations - this group has been established and the Soil to Nutrition Programme presents regular updates on outputs to them, with the meeting alternating between the Rothamsted Research Harpenden and North Wyke sites. Interaction with this group was used to help prepare for the BBSRC mid-term review of the Soil to Nutrition programme in the summer/autumn of 2019. - Engagement activities with commercial companies, including those involved in cereal and grass breeding, livestock genetics, soil and cereal sensors for precision nutrient management and agricultural service - one primary engagement has been with RegenFarm Ltd. to develop a new software tool for assessing the opportunity for regenerative farming practices at farm to landscape scales. Since early 2020, this partnership has continued and grown as part of the ERDF funded AgRIA (Agri-tech Research and Innovation Accelerator) initiative which involves working with the arable and livestock sectors in Hertfordshire. Additional engagement examples include those with the Stabiliser Company as well as with Sainsburys. The latter interaction discussed the farm benchmarking capability developed as part of Soil to Nutrition. Policy - At the international level, scientific outputs and policy implications will be presented at meetings of bodies including the international Sustainable Development Solutions Network, the UNECE Task Force for Reactive Nitrogen, the European Panel for Nitrogen Budgets, the International Nitrogen Initiative Conference the International Nitrogen Management System as well as international phosphorus meetings (e.g. International Association of Hydrological Sciences ) - work on methodological developments has been presented at the PSP6 meeting for phosphorus in Leuven, Belgium. Oral and poster presentations were delivered at the Land Use and Water Quality (LuWQ 2019) international conference in Aarhus, Denmark in June 2019 and several orals were delivered at the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics (IUGG) meeting in Montreal, Canada in July 2019. Here, the Soil to Nutrition programme co-convened three sessions on landscape dynamics and management. The in-house internationally recognised expertise on methods for correcting modelling scenarios for spatial mismatch factors across scales means that members of the Soil to Nutrition team have recently been invited to present at an international workshop due to be held in Paris in May 2020. Next generation of practitioners - students and training Soil to Nutrition and uplift projects will enable the training of a new cohort of PhD students and postdoctoral scientists in the areas of soil science, nutrient cycling, agronomy, livestock science and farm systems modelling, particularly through the RCUK Doctoral Training Partnerships in which RRes is a partner - Soil to Nutrition and uplift projects are enabling the training of PhD students in the various aspects of agri-science listed here. The studentships come from DTPs, international funding streams (e.g. Teagasc Walsh Fellowships) and national funding streams (e.g. Environment Agency). Consumers and wider society - We will communicate our research findings through targeted S2N events and output as part of the RRes' public lecture series, open days with the public, RRes newsletters and brochures that disseminate the implications of our research for food security in an understandable way  - Soil to Nutrition findings are communicated to multiple stakeholders using a regular newsletter. The central theme of delivering multiple goods and services in the context of demand for food was presented to the general public at the Rothamsted Research Festival of Ideas open days in June 2018 (attended by ~9000 people).
Sector Agriculture, Food and Drink,Education,Environment
Impact Types Societal,Policy & public services

 
Description Advisory group member for the Ireland EPA COSAINT programme - Cattle access to watercourses: environmental and socio-economic consequences
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
Impact improving sustainability
URL http://www.epa.ie/researchandeducation/research/researchpublications/researchreports/research260.htm...
 
Description Advisory group member for the Ireland EPA COSAINT programme - Cattle access to watercourses: environmental and socio-economic consequences
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
Impact Improving sustainability
URL http://www.epa.ie/researchandeducation/research/researchpublications/researchreports/research260.htm...
 
Description Citation in UKRI Infrastructure Roadmap Initial analysis of infrastructure questionnaire responses and description of the landscape 2019
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Citation in systematic reviews
 
Description Citation in the UKRI Infrastructure Roadmap Progress Report 2019
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Citation in systematic reviews
 
Description Defra Expert Working Group on Small Waterbodies
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
 
Description Environmental Land Management (ELM) trial: River Exe catchment
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact No Impacts Yet
 
Description Expert peer reviewer for report on cattle exclusion from streams measures in Ireland
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact No Impacts Yet
 
Description National expert reviewer for new Evironment Land Management (ELM) schemes
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
 
Description POLITICO, Agriculture and Food Summit 2019, Paris
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact No Impacts Yet
URL https://diievents.dii.eu/agriculture-and-food-summit/
 
Description Surplus Workshop on Policy Needs, Ghent
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact No Impacts Yet
 
Description contribution to the new farming rules for water (Pillar I)
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a national consultation
 
Description revised on the ground advice to farmers - the river Cale catchment
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
 
Description BBSRC-GFS
Amount £165,506 (GBP)
Organisation Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2019 
End 03/2021
 
Description Collaborative Research: SitS NSF-UKRI: Dynamic coupling of soil structure and gas fluxes measured with distributed sensor systems: implications for carbon modeling
Amount £1,930,431 (GBP)
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2019 
End 01/2022
 
Description CropNet
Amount £250,000 (GBP)
Funding ID NE/S016821/ 
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 02/2019 
End 01/2020
 
Description ERDF
Amount £90,000 (GBP)
Organisation European Union 
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 08/2019 
End 07/2020
 
Description ERDF Cornwall: Monitoring Soil Carbon - Sampling for farm soil Carbon budgets.
Amount £168,000 (GBP)
Organisation European Commission 
Department European Regional Development Fund (ERDF)
Sector Public
Country Belgium
Start  
 
Description ERDF Cornwall: VizAg - Visualization of agricultural field performance through low-cost modelling
Amount £133,000 (GBP)
Organisation European Commission 
Department European Regional Development Fund (ERDF)
Sector Public
Country Belgium
Start  
 
Description ERDF Environmental Futures and Big Data Impact Lab
Amount £36,736 (GHS)
Organisation European Commission 
Department European Regional Development Fund (ERDF)
Sector Public
Country Belgium
Start 10/2018 
End 01/2025
 
Description ERDF Impact Lab: OT Analytics - Water harvesting project
Amount £37,000 (GBP)
Organisation European Commission 
Department European Regional Development Fund (ERDF)
Sector Public
Country Belgium
Start  
 
Description ERDF Impact Lab: Pixalytics (SME) - Satellite Remote Sensing (SAR, sentinel-1 etc.) for soil moisture monitoring
Amount £5,000 (GBP)
Organisation European Commission 
Department European Regional Development Fund (ERDF)
Sector Public
Country Belgium
Start 01/2019 
End 09/2019
 
Description Environment Agency - delivery of the Water Framework Directive
Amount £40,000 (GBP)
Organisation Environment Agency 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 11/2017 
End 03/2019
 
Description Environment Agency Ecological Services Framework
Amount £24,805 (GBP)
Organisation Environment Agency 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 07/2017 
End 08/2018
 
Description Food Seedbed Pre-Accelerator Programme
Amount £10,000 (GBP)
Organisation European Institute of Innovation and Technology (EIT) 
Sector Public
Country Hungary
Start 09/2019 
End 11/2019
 
Description International Fellowship Scheme
Amount £12,000 (GBP)
Organisation Chinese Academy of Sciences 
Sector Public
Country China
Start 01/2018 
End 12/2019
 
Description Ireland EPA DIFFUSE project
Amount € 100,000 (EUR)
Organisation Government of Ireland 
Department Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
Sector Public
Country Ireland
Start 08/2017 
 
Description Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology CORe funding stream
Amount € 585,000 (EUR)
Organisation Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology 
Sector Academic/University
Country Luxembourg
Start 09/2018 
End 08/2021
 
Description MIDST-CZ: Maximising Impact by Decision Support Tools for sustainable soil and water through UK-China Critical Zone science
Amount £157,333 (GBP)
Funding ID NE/S009094/1 
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2019 
End 03/2021
 
Description National Productivity Investment Fund
Amount £2,500 (GBP)
Organisation Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 08/2019 
End 08/2021
 
Description Policy Lab on Emerging Food Trends
Amount £5,000 (GBP)
Organisation Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2020 
End 06/2020
 
Description Teagasc Walsh Fellowship
Amount £60,000 (GBP)
Organisation Teagasc 
Sector Public
Country Ireland
Start 10/2017 
End 06/2021
 
Description UK Agri-Tech Centres Data Integration Project - Proof of Concept Data Integration project for four Agri-tech centres (Heat stress maps for UK (1961 to 2018))
Amount £46,000 (GBP)
Organisation Centre of Innovation Excellence in Livestock 
Sector Private
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2018 
End 01/2019
 
Description UM6P-OCP
Amount £302,439 (GBP)
Organisation OCP 
Sector Private
Country Morocco
Start 11/2019 
End 10/2023
 
Title Farm benchmarking framework 
Description We have deverloped a national farm system benchmarking framework for England 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2019 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact we can use benchmarking ot engage farmers in any sector 
 
Title ACE app for expert elicitation 
Description App to facilitate expert elicitation 
Type Of Material Computer model/algorithm 
Year Produced 2019 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.2563240 
URL https://github.com/KirstyLHassall/ACE
 
Title Empirical models to derive Crop Productivity Indicators from SAR Cross-polarization ratio (SAR-CR) 
Description Based on Innovate-UK and a joint RRES Cranfield University PhD-studentship (N Vavlas) funded by the Soil AgRIA, we developed R and Python scripts to extract field and farm-specific time series of Earth Observation data (SAR-CR). These times series were validated against ground truth (crop phenology and growth) and parameters of the smoothed dynamic SAR-CR curves are being derived using graphical and algebraic methods, as well as two logistic or double logistic curves. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact This capability will eventually allow experts to monitor variation across farm(s) and over time after management changes. 
 
Title Farm Platform Data Portal 
Description The Farm Platform Data Portal contains core data for the Farm Platform and facilitates access to the data to both Rothamsted Research staff and the wider research community. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact This database allows open access to researchers to utilise the core data generated from the Farm Platform National Capability. The database was first released in 2016 and currently there are ~120 registered users of the data portal 
URL https://nwfp.rothamsted.ac.uk/
 
Title GWmodel R package 
Description GWmodel R package is a collection spatial statistical tools for exploring spatial heterogeneity. Continually developed since its release in 2013. 
Type Of Material Data analysis technique 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact "GWmodel" produced 66,200 Google hits. 
URL https://www.jstatsoft.org/article/view/v063i17
 
Title HLB behaviour model 
Description Model of behaviour 
Type Of Material Computer model/algorithm 
Year Produced 2019 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact This model will allow people to futher develop linked models of behaviour DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3575028 and Plos Comp Bio publication 
 
Title National farm to landscape modelling framework 
Description A national framework for extrapolating the experimental results from the buffer strip trial. The framework includes different farm types (e.g. lowland grazing livestock, intensive cereal) by soil type and rainfall category and critically, models current uptake (business-as-usual) of on-farm runoff and diffuse pollution control measures (e.g. standard 6 m grass buffer strips) so that the projected relative technically feasible impacts of any new scenarios for buffer uptake on farms are more robust. 
Type Of Material Computer model/algorithm 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact The modelling framework permits us with a means of extrapolating experimental results to engage with a wider audience including farmers in different parts of the country to which the experimental results apply. 
 
Title SEPARATE (Sector Pollutant Apportionment for the Aquatic Environment) V. 2 
Description SEPARATE provides landscape scale apportionment of the agricultural and non-agricultural contributions of sediment and nutrients (N and P) delivered to waterbodies at national scale in England and Wales. Work as part of Soil to nutrition has updated the data layers to produce version 2. The key updates include updating estimates of agricultural externalities and non-agricultural externalities from point source discharges and eroding river channel banks. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2019 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact Capacity to estimate one critical component of the spatial mismatch problem for sustainable intensification of farming as you scale from farm scale to landscape scale. This provides a basis for more reliable predictions of the potential impacts of new intervention scenarios across the scales. 
 
Title The "Innovate PostGIS" database 
Description In this database we manage non-spatial and spatial data, to integrate time series of field and farm-specific land management data with Earth Observation (EO) and other spatial data (e.g. soil, topography, ). A Database Management System (DBMS) was built using the PostgreSQL extension PostGIS. In addition to the usual ability to manage non-geospatial data using PostgreSQL, the PostGIS extension allows geospatial data to be stored in an efficient database which can be queried using spatial quer 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact The PostGIS database has made a big impact on the evaluation of large data sets and the use within academic-industrial collaboration. An external (farm/client-specific) access has not been discussed yet, but will be possible with model development work. Deployment of evaluation results via AgriMetrics was discussed in a stand-alone LINK proposal. 
 
Title Translation and expansion of the Rothamsted Grass Models for Knowledge Exchange 
Description The Rothamsted Grass Model "BEGraS" (Bioenergy Grass Species) is based on LINGRA, a Dutch open source dynamic growth model which has been modified to simulate growth of grasses within a soil-plant-atmosphere modelling framework. The objective of BEGraS was to account for different phenotypes and their sensitivity to changing productivity in different environments. In conjunction with the development of the new SARIC-Grass Model Systems, codes and displays are implemented into Excel Spreadsheets to allow End Users to explore productivity in dependence of management and environment changes. 
Type Of Material Computer model/algorithm 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact This interactive tool will reduce "model inhibition" and allow practitioners to explore management options for grass. Different versions of the tool will be made available to scientists, students, industry experts and farmers. 
 
Title Translation and expansion of the Rothamsted Grass Models for Knowledge Exchange 
Description The Rothamsted Grass Model "BEGraS" (Bioenergy Grass Species) is based on LINGRA, a Dutch open source dynamic growth model which has been modified to simulate growth of grasses within a soil-plant-atmosphere modelling framework. The objective of BEGraS was to account for different phenotypes and their sensitivity to changing productivity in different environments. In conjunction with the development of the new SARIC-Grass Model Systems, codes and displays are implemented into Excel Spreadsheets to allow End Users to explore productivity in dependence of management and environment changes. 
Type Of Material Computer model/algorithm 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact This interactive tool will reduce "model inhibition" and allow practitioners to explore management options for grass. Different versions of the tool will be made available to scientists, students, industry experts and farmers. 
 
Title Water quality data for Upper Taw observatory 
Description Water quality data for nested monitoring sites in the upper Taw observatory 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2019 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Engagement withj local farmers in nutrient and soil loss to water 
 
Description Co-working with the Landscape Pioneer, North Devon Biosphere 
Organisation Natural England
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Professor Adie Collins has been providing expert review of evolving plans for the new Environment Land Management (ELM) scheme to be piloted the Landscape Pioneer from April 2019. He has attended meetings in Exeter and on conference calls as part of this collaboration. He is currently providing advice on the scope for farm typologies to inform the monitoring of the new ELM.
Collaborator Contribution Natural England have overall responsibility for co-designing the new ELM for trial in the Landscape Pioneer, working with multiple partners to ensure a focus on public good.
Impact The key output to date is a draft description of the interventions likely to be tested in the new ELM.
Start Year 2018
 
Description Collaboration with the Bristol University dairy farm at Langford 
Organisation University of Bristol
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We discussed comparison of grass leys versus biomass cropping in intensive arable systems and eventually opted to use the Soil to nutrition modelling framework to model the technically feasible impacts of increased uptake of grass leys in intensive arable systems in the east of England. The results are to be compared versus business-as-usual.
Collaborator Contribution The Soil Association contributed to the discussion of scenarios and helped us finalise the framing of those prior to model runs.
Impact The Soil to Nutrition modelling framework has been used to model scenarios of increased uptake of leys and sheep in the intensive cereal systems of eastern England. The outputs compare business-as-usual and the new scenarios in terms of services or dis-services; emissions to water and air, farm economics, production, soil quality, biodiversity, water use.
Start Year 2018
 
Description Contribution to the Dorset Catchments Monitoring Group 
Organisation Wessex Water
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Professor Adie Collins now contributes to the Dorset Catchments Monitoring Group, which is part of the Dorset Catchment Partnerships Initiative under the Cathment-based Approach (CaBA). Here, he has presented S2N work (e.g. in the river Cale catchment) to show the significance of taking better account of mechanistic understanding and scaling in managing the externalities arising from modern farming.
Collaborator Contribution Wessex Water organise and minute these meetings.
Impact Transfer of Soil to Nutrition understanding into management discussions for catchments in Dorset.
Start Year 2018
 
Description Environmental Land Management (ELM) trial: River Exe catchment 
Organisation The Soil Association
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Learned Society 
PI Contribution We are providing spatial datasets for the focus areas
Collaborator Contribution The Soil Association is leading this ELM trial to feed into the government 25 YEP
Impact Evidence on the public goods delivered by farmers in the River Exe catchment in SW England
Start Year 2019
 
Description Landscape Pioneer collaboration 
Organisation North Devon Biosphere Foundation
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution AgLand has been interfacing with the North Devon Biosphere and the Landscape Pioneer ELM trial for Defra. AgLand outputs will be shared with the Landscape Pioneer to ensure local feedback.
Collaborator Contribution The North Devon Biosphere team have shared documents with AgLand on the development of the Landscape Pioneer ELM trial and met with AgLand researchers at Rothamsted Research North Wyke to discuss co-working to ensure dissemination of AgLand research outputs.
Impact Plans of exposure of AgLand outputs at planned Pioneer Landscape stakeholder events
Start Year 2019
 
Description Landscape scale farmer engagement 
Organisation Linking Environment And Farming
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Outlined ways that S2N science outputs can be used to tailor on-farm management plans to dleiver sustainability at scale across landscapes
Collaborator Contribution LEAF are using Rothamsted Research inputs to consider tailoring their accreditation scheme
Impact LEAF have a firmer plan for how sustainability might be achieved at scale
Start Year 2019
 
Description Mechanistic understanding for managing the externalities of modern farming on water quality 
Organisation Wessex Water
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution We used the mechanistic understanding within the modelling framework for soil to Nutrition to apportion the key pathways for the transfer of pollutants from agricultural land to freshwater in a list of priority landscapes provided to us by Wessex Water.
Collaborator Contribution Wessex Water provided Rothamsted Research with a list of priority waterbodies for which they wanted new mechanistic data on water pollutant transfer pathways at landscape scale.
Impact Wessex Water have built our mechanistic data on key water pollutant transfer pathways for priority catchments into their new management plans.
Start Year 2017
 
Description River Beane sediment study 
Organisation Environment Agency
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution We devised a study to assess the implications of the spatial mismatch between on-farm interventions for sustainable intensification and the likelihood of addressing environmental issues at landscape scale. In the case of the river Beane study catchment, soil loss and sediment problems in the river channel were identified as the primary environmental issue at landscape scale. We therefore applied a sediment source fingerprinting approach based on fallout and geogenic radionuclides to assess the contribution of agriculture to the landscape sediment problem. The source apportionment estimates from the sediment fingerprinting work were integrated with the farm to landscape modelling results for pathways to sustainable intensification.
Collaborator Contribution Provision of background data and information for the River Beane study catchment, Hertfordshire, UK. Collection of in-river sediment samples (monthly) for use in the spatial mismatch work based on application of the sediment fingerprinting approach.
Impact The outputs of the work are now being used by the local Environment Agency teams to adapt their river basin management plans. The source apportionment work critically shows the down-scaling of on-farm management in the context of the non-agricultural sediment source contributions in this test landscape.
Start Year 2017
 
Description River Cale sustainable intensification spin off 
Organisation Farm and Wildlife Advisory Group South West
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution We used the Soil to Nutrition modelling framework to compare business-as-usual Defra top-down policy scenarios for managing the externalities of farming on water and air with a more mechanistic-centric approach using the fundamental process-based understanding on pollutant transfers from farming provided by Soil to Nutrition to date. The scenarios used real farm data collected FWAG SW and used as input to the modelling framework.
Collaborator Contribution The Environment Agency funded the work. FWAG SW administered the project and collected the farm business data using a pro forma provided by us.
Impact The results of the modelling work were presented to local farmers at a farmer workshop (Ruth Kimber's farm shop, Wincanton, Somerset) in order to discuss the model predictions (including for farm incomes) and to gain feedback on the farmer attitudes towards the details of the mechanistic-centric scenario work.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Teagasc Walsh Fellowship PhD 
Organisation Teagasc
Country Ireland 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Professor Adie Collins is co-supervising this Teagasc Walsh Fellowship PhD project with Professor Phil Jordan at Ulster and Dr Per-Erik-Mellander at Teagasc. Part of the studentship work will be using the replicated buffer experiment to test the conservativeness of sterol biomarkers for tracing cattle slurry losses from agricultural land to water. The slurry will be added in conjunction with us sowing maize as a high risk crop in May 2019 to test the buffer treatments for associated impacts on runoff and water quality. Amber Manley, the PhD student, is spending her first two years at Rothamsted Research before moving to Ulster for her final two years.
Collaborator Contribution The co=supervisors from Ulster University and Teagasc are involved in all stages of the planning of the experiment work for this PhD project.
Impact Paper submitted to Water Research - first conservation test of the sterol biomarkers being used for tracing cattle slurry.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Techniques for processing datasets for assessing spatial mismatches across scales for managing soil erosion and sediment problems 
Organisation University of Reggio Calabria
Country Italy 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We have trained the ERASMUs students in data processing and modelling of the soil and sediment tracer datasets.
Collaborator Contribution The Italian partner collected the soil and sediment samples from a study landscape processed the samples to obtain tracer data. In addition, 1 ERASMUS student was sent to Rothamsted Research in the spring of 2018 and 2 further ERASMUS students in the spring of 2019 to receive training on data processing and modelling.
Impact The ERASMUs placement students have been trained in processing soil and sediment tracing data. An assessment of the spatial mismatch has been assembled for the Trionto study catchment in Italy.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Testing a fingerprinting procedure for assessing the spatial mismatch problem for sustinable intensification 
Organisation Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres
Department Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research - UFZ
Country Germany 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Professor Adie Collins' research team linked up with the Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research (UFZ) to process soil and sediment geochemistry and radionuclide data measured on samples collected from a catchment in Burkina Faso. This provided an opportunity to test the source fingerprinting procedure being applied in the main study areas for Soil to Nutrition in a different environmental setting more akin to those areas included in GCRF funding calls. The soil and sediment data were processed using a framework combining statistical tests and numerical mass balance modelling including Monte Carlo uncertainty analysis.
Collaborator Contribution The partner was responsible for collecting and analysing the soil and sediment samples for geochemistry and radionuclides.
Impact Publication summarising the work: Rode, M., op de Hipt, F., Collins, A.L., Zhang, Y., Theuring, P., Schkade, U-K., Diekkruger, B. (2018). Subsurface sources contribute substantially to fine-grained suspended sediment transported in a tropical West African watershed in Burkina Faso. Land Degradation and Development 29, 4092-4105. The results will now be used to inform, landscape management in the study area in Burkina Faso.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Testing a source fingerprinting procedure for assessing the spatial mismatch problem for sustainable intensification at landscape scale 
Organisation University of Tehran
Department Faculty of Geography
Country Iran, Islamic Republic of 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We applied the statistical and numerical modelling framework for sediment source tracing being refined and applied in soil to Nutrition to data provided for study areas in Iran.
Collaborator Contribution The Iranian partner collected the soil and sediment samples from the test landscapes in Iran and analysed those samples. The data were sent to Rothamsted Research for processing using our statistical and modelling framework for this specific procedure for examining spatial mismatch issues at landscape scale.
Impact The results of the source fingerprinting studies in mountainous catchments near Tehran are being used to inform landscape management plans.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Testing the source tracing framework being applied in Soil to Nutrition in a Brazilian case study 
Organisation Federal University of Piaui (UFPI)
Country Brazil 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Through a collaborative partnership we are training a PhD student (Fabio Amorim) in all aspects of our source tracing framework for assessing spatial mismatches between on-farm management and the scope for meeting landscape scale environmental objectives. This training is covering soil and sediment sampling on the North Wyke Farm Platform and in the new upper river Taw observatory installed as part of Soil to Nutrition, laboratory analyses for tracers (bulk stable isotopes, colour, MIR, n-alkanes), statistical processing of the data and numerical modelling with uncertainty analyses (Monte Carlo).
Collaborator Contribution The Brazilian partner has been responsible for collecting samples for sending any associated data.
Impact The analyses are still ongoing.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Walsh Fellowship PhD studentship 
Organisation Teagasc
Department Teagasc Food Research Centre
Country Ireland 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Professor Adie Collins won a Walsh Fellowship PhD studentship funded by Teagasc. The PhD is co-supervised by Teagasc, Rothamsted Research and the University of Ulster (the awarding university). Professor Adie Collins is co-supervising the student (Amber Manley) and thereby contributing to all aspects of the studentship. To date, the student has focussed on completing her MRes at Ulster university (passing with Distinction) and on completing her first research paper for submission to am international journal reporting the results of a benchtop experiment testing the conservativeness of sterol biomarkers for confirming incidental losses of cattle slurry from agricultural land.
Collaborator Contribution Teagasc and the University of Ulster are co-supervising the studentship and also providing facilities for the work in future years (years 3 and 4).
Impact The first scientific paper has been completed and is nearing completion for submission to an international journal. The student has presented an outline of her thesis plan to Teagasc, Ireland.
Start Year 2017
 
Description • Collaboration with Soil Association (Liz Bowles) to discuss scenarios for Soil to nutrition 
Organisation The Soil Association
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Learned Society 
PI Contribution We discussed comparison of grass leys versus biomass cropping in intensive arable systems and eventually opted to use the Soil to nutrition modelling framework to model the technically feasible impacts of increased uptake of grass leys in intensive arable systems in the east of England. The results are to be compared versus business-as-usual.
Collaborator Contribution The Soil Association contributed to the discussion of scenarios and helped us finalise the framing of those prior to model runs.
Impact The Soil to Nutrition modelling framework has been used to model scenarios of increased uptake of leys and sheep in the intensive cereal systems of eastern England. The outputs compare business-as-usual and the new scenarios in terms of services or dis-services; emissions to water and air, farm economics, production, soil quality, biodiversity, water use.
Start Year 2018
 
Title GWmodel R package 
Description A suite of spatial statistical modelling tools See https://www.jstatsoft.org/article/view/v063i17 
Type Of Technology Software 
Year Produced 2019 
Open Source License? Yes  
Impact 66200 Google hits 
URL https://CRAN.R-project.org/package=GWmodel
 
Title SIFT - Sediment Fingerprinting Tool 
Description The SIFT software using R shiny app provides a one stop shop software tool for processing tracer (e.g. mineral-magnetic, radiometric, geochemical, biomarker) datasets for understanding the key landscape sources of sediment and associated nutrients (e.g. P) and contaminants (e.g. heavy metals). This source apportionment software tool thereby provides a basis for exploring process scaling as a key means of supporting the targeting of on-farm interventions for delivering sustainable intensification of agriculture. The tool combines data visualisation, QA, statistical analysis and numerical modelling with uncertainty routines. Version 1.2 has now been released on the RRes website. This version is more streamlined than version 1.1. 
Type Of Technology Software 
Year Produced 2019 
Open Source License? Yes  
Impact SIFT has been distributed to a number of end users to ensure uptake and to assemble feedback for future updates/versions. Currently, the tool is being tested/used by academics (e.g. University of Northampton, UK; University of Waterloo, Canada) and international organisations (e.g. US Geological Survey research teams). 
 
Title SIFT: SedIment Fingerprinting Tool 
Description A comprehensive software tool with a user-friendly GUI to walk any researcher or catchment manager through every step of a sediment source fingerprinting data analysis procedure. The tool is programmed using R and uses Shiny by RStudio for the user interface. 
Type Of Technology Software 
Year Produced 2018 
 
Description 2019 SARIC dissemination event 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Pized poster with Cranfield (Burgess) on Grassland Model Translation Project
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description 27th International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics (IUGG) Genereal Assembly 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Translation of work on the NWFP exploring the implications of field scale spatial variations in soil tracers being used for the spatial mismatch corrections in S2N WP3
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description 27th International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics (IUGG) Genereal Assembly 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Translation of mechanistic understanding gained from analysis of time series data
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description 27th International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics (IUGG) Genereal Assembly 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Translations of basic trianing on key components of the SIFT (SedIment Fingeprinting Tool) open source software tool used for the tracing procedures applied to spatial mismatch corrections in WP3
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description 27th International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics (IUGG) Genereal Assembly 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Translation of work on the North Wyke Farm Platform exploring the sediment polluton gap and the implications of new mechanistic understanding for closing the gap
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description American Geophysical Union (AGU) Fall Meeting - New Orleans, December 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Prof Adrian Collins co-convened a session and workshop at AGU Fall Meeting - 'Emerging Technologies and Advances in Identifying Catchment Sediment Sources'.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description American Geophysical Union (AGU) Fall Meeting - New Orleans, December 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Prof Adrian Collins presented an oral at the AGU Fall Meeting entitled 'Connectivity in agricultural landscapes - do we need more than a DEM?'.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Association of Applied Biologists conference on Sustainable Intensification, Rothamsted Research, Harpenden, November 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Prof Adrian Collins ALC presented an oral at the AAB conference on SI (Nov 2017) entitled 'The scale problem in tackling the sustainability of agriculture with respect to water quality: insight from the Avon Demonstration Test Catchment'.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Attending workshop on 'Environmental modelling and regulation in catchment' in Bristol 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presented the S2N workpackage 3 activities and modelling outputs to audiences from EA modelling team and water industries representatives
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description BSRC/NERC SARIC 3rd dissemination event (Oxford, November 2017) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Prof Adrian Collins presented talk entitled 'Impacts of different vegetation in riparian buffer strips on hydrology and water quality'.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description CropTec Show - Peterborough, November 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Goetz Richter & other Rothamsted colleagues attended the 'CropTec Show' in Peterborough (November 2017). Provided opportunities for networking on Remote Sensing and GIS.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description DTC national conference, Exeter University (September 2017) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Prof Adrian Collins convened the conference and also presented on 'Simulating the efficacy of different on-farm mitigation scenarios' (Avon DTC).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Delivery of mechanistic understanding to Wessex Water 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Delivery of information on fundamental mechanistic process apportionment for the delivery pathways of agricultural externalities (e.g. excess nutrient loss) on aquatic receptors in priority catchments identified by the water utility. The new science is being used to inform the new management plans being submitted by Wessex Water.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018,2019
 
Description Devon and Cornwall Soils Alliance 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact A group of soil practioners / researchers in Devon and Cornwall working to collate outputs and maximise influence
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Discussion on delivering sustainable intensification at landscape scale 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Rothamsted researchers working on Soil to Nutrition WP3 engaged with Nestle and discussed how our new science and findings can be incorporated into the LENS (Landscape Enterprise Networks) approach being used by Nestle in conjunction with its agricultural supply chains (e.g. dairy) to enable landscape management plans in England. The discussions covered existing LENS case studies using dairy supply chain plus plans for doing something similar but working with cereal supply chain in eastern England.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Dorset Catchments Monitoring Group 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The mechanistic understanding and scaling being generated by Soil to Nutrition WP3 was presented and discussed at a meeting of the Dorset Catchment Monitoring Group, which is part of the Dorset Catchment Partnerships Group under the Catchment-based Approach (CaBA). The discussions focussed on how new mechanistic understanding can better inform landscape scale management of the externalities arising from modern farming.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Farmer focus group meeting, Okehampton 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This farmer focus group meeting ran a preliminary test of some policy and practice notes summarising some of our work on shortlisting on-farm measures for sustainability and monitoring water quality for informing the selection of on-farm measures. Farmers and advisors were given the chance to feed back on all aspects of the outputs including length, semantics, pictures included and main messages. All attendees are keen to keep the meetings going for further engagement and some participants are now giving us their farm business data to be involved in a new farm benchmarking exercise we are undertaking for the Soil to Nutrition programme.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description GW models, CAS, Research Centre for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Beijing, China (two-day workshop with A Comber) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact GW models, CAS, Research Centre for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Beijing, China (two-day workshop with A Comber)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Geographically Weighted PCA: Introductions and Uses. Spatial Accuracy Conference, Beijing, China (one-day workshop with A Comber) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Geographically Weighted PCA: Introductions and Uses. Spatial Accuracy Conference, Beijing, China (one-day workshop with A Comber)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Global Roundtable of Sustainable Beef 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited to give the keynote at the Global roundtable of sustainable beef in Kilkenny Ireland on 'Future Perspectives of Sustainable Agriculture'
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Invited keynote on the scope for reducing excess sediment loss from lowland ruminant farming 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presented S2N moideling work on the North Wyke Farm Platform and upper Taw observatory
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Invited talk (Yunnan University, Kunming, China) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Professor Adie Collins gave an invited talk on the North Wyke Farm Platform and associated work in Soil to Nutrition to the Institute of International Rivers and Eco-security (IRES) and the Asian International Rivers Centre (AIRC), Yunnan University, Kunming, China. This was part of ongoing collaboration building for work on soil erosion and associated externalities arising from modern farming.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Invited talk at EAAP - European Federation of Animal Science Annual Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited to give the key note address for the Livestock and Farming Commission of EAAP on 'Agricultural sustainability metrics based on land required for production of essential human nutrients'
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Invited talk at State Laboratory for Environmental Geochemistry, Guiyang, China 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Professor Adie Collins gave an invited talk on the North Wyke Farm Platform and associated Soil to Nutrition work at the State Laboratory for Environmental Geochemistry in Guiyang, China. This was part of collaboration building in conjunction with ongoing Critical Zone Observatory (CZO) work in the karst region of Puding county, China. The Chinese researchers require training in the data processing and numerical modelling techniques being developed and applied globally by Professor Adie Collins' research team. The meeting identified mistakes in the current data processing by the Chinese team - hence the need for training at Rothamsted Research. Options for Visiting Researchers from this Chinese group to visit Rothamsted are now being explored.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Invited visit by Regional Government of Chongching PR China 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Invited by the Regional Government of Chongching PR China to discuss aspects of sustainable livestock production at a gathering of party members and Scientists at Rhongchang.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Invited workshop attendee: BBSRC AI in Biology, Norwich, UK 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Feedback report on gaps and opportunities
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Judicial review of on-farm measures in conjunction with CaBA - July 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Prof Adrian Collins participated as a national science expert in a Judicial review of on-farm measures in conjunction with CaBA - July 2017. He answered questions on the monitored efficacy of on-farm measures for delivering improved sustainability and income. The questions covered plot/measure, field, farm and catchment scale. The impact of business-as-usual uptake of interventions as supported by cross compliance, agri-environment and PES was questioned. He also answered questions on the required timescales for monitoring to provide robust evidence on the performance of on-farm measures and on modelling tools used to explore alternative farming futures (land cover change, increased uptake of interventions relative to business-as-usual)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description LEAF Education Day 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact The tree of tradeoffs used by the soil modelling group at the Rothamsted Festival of Ideas was used at the LEAF Education Day. The Countess of Wessex attended and we were tweeted by 'The Royal Family' and Prince Edward is now following a member of our staff.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Living Planet Symposium - European Space Agency 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Optical and Synthetic Aperture Radar to quantify crop productivity
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description MSc teaching on soil erosion and available intervention methods 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Talk presented for a MSc course on soil erosion and available on-farm interventions which were discussed in terms of efficacy and costs to farmers.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description MSc. Lecture on careers in applied statistics 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact Presented work from S2N and other projects
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Mid Career Scientists training group 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact 30 young scientists were given training and took part in exercises to simulate grant and report writing. The focus was on the Defra 25 Year plan and the sustainable intensification research network. The event provided an opportunity for the scientists to network with one another
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://sirn.org.uk/event/sustainable-intensification-valuing-nature-in-dialogue-enabling-researcher...
 
Description NFU Cymru - Future of the Uplands 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact NFU Cymru hosted a discussion panel debate at the Royal Welsh show where I presented our research on Sustainable Livestock systems which covered many aspects of projects and research we are undertaking to determine the role and impact of livestock in a sustainable food chain and future environmental policy.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Newton UK-China Collaborations in Agricultural Technologies Partnership Building Visit to China, 2nd-8th July 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Dr Lianhai Wu attended this Innovate UK funded workshop and gave a pitch presentation. The direct outcome of the attendance is a joint proposal (mechanisms and technologies to improve resource use efficiency and enhance crop productivity in dry-farmland in northwest China) was developed and submitted for the Newton UK-China AgriTech call.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Poster on mechanistic understanding of sediment loss from the North Wyke Farm Platform 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Delivery of new mechanistic field scale understanding of erosion processes in settings covered by the North Wyke Farm Platform
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Poster on sediment sources at landscape scale using biomakers 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Delivery of new evidence on the vlaue of incremental composite signautres for distinuishing and apportioning landscape scale sediment sources for the spatial mismatch element of S2N work
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Presentaion of Research on Cover Crops 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Research findings
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Presentation at international conference in Europe 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presented findings on co-benefits of on-farm measures for sustainability at landscape scale
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Presentation at international conference in Europe 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presented findings on use of steroid tracers for cattle slurry losses to water
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Presentation at international conference in Europe 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presented findings on an analysis of farmer engfagement by the Catchment Sensitive Farming programme in England
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Presentation on Crop Modelling to Jules community 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Research findings
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Presentation on S2N work on spatial mismatch issues in landscapes 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presented national scale work the importance of point source discharges of nutrients in understandfing the landscape scale impacts of on-farm measures for sustainability
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Presentation on attitudes of farmers to current delivery of advice for diffuse water pollution 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Delivery of new evidence on farmer attitudes to advice delivery using a multi-stranded evidence collection framework
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Presentation on farmer engagement with evidence from sediment source tracing 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Delivery of new work on farmer engagement with scientific evidence
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Presentation on sediment loss from the 15 catchments comprising the North Wyke Farm Platform 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Delivery of new evidence on soil loss rates for lowland ruminant farming
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Presentation on the scope for meeting background sediment loss targets: evidence from the North Wyke Farm Platform 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Delivery of new evidence on the scope for sediment gap closure using the North Wyke Farm Platform
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Presentation on the spatial variability of sediment tracers on the north Wyke Farm Platform 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Delivery of new evidence on the sptial variability of widely used sediment tracers
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Presentation to farmer focus group in Devon 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Delivery of new farm benchmarking data
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Presentation to farmer focus group in Dorset 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Delivery of new farm benchmarking data
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Presentation to farmer focus group; in Dorset 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Testing of new policy and practice notes on sustainable agriculture
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Press release on results on international study comparing intensive and less intensive farming 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The contribution of rothamsted Research to an international study published in the journal Nature Sustainability (Balmford et al 2018) were reported in a BBC news release by Cambridge University.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Rothamsted Festival of Ideas - soil modelling group stand 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The soil modelling put together and presented over the two days of the Festival of Ideas an activity display on the future of British farming. This was a communication experiment that asked the public their thoughts on the future of agriculture and in very simple terms tried to relay some of the tradeoffs between what we may wish to see. Scientists engaged with the public on these issues and directed interested parties to other events where our research aimed for a more 'win-win' situation. The activity was very popular during the Festival of Ideas open days.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Royal Society talk 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Professor Adie Collins gave an invited talk at the royal Society - 'The agriculture-water quality interface - mitigating the multiple unintended consequences'. The debate in the room centred on this global grand challenge ad the significance of new understanding coming from Soil to Nutrition. All attendees recognised the significance of needing mechanistic understanding to make well informed management decisions.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description SPACSYS training course - China Agricultural University (11th-15th November 2017) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Dr Lianhai Wu delivered SPACSYS training course at China Agricultural University
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description SRUC Research Day 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited to give a key address to all staff at SRUC as part of their research day on the research we have undertaken at Rothamsted on Sustainable Livestock Systems and soil health.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Salle Farm - Wensum DTC Visit 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Goetz Richter and other Rothamsted colleagues visited Salle Farm - Wensum DTC including a presentation on Innovate-UK project. Discussions with UEA (University of East Anglia) re. further collaboration regarding Satellite in Agriculture - SAR dynamics
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Staffing the Rothamsted Festival of Ideas 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The Teagasc Walsh Fellowship funded PhD student working in association with Soil to Nutrition WP3 helped to staff the Festival of Ideas open days and undertook visitor surveys and promoted the event at the Farmers Market in Harpenden. The visitor surveys were used to report feedback and opinion/experiences concerning the Festival of Ideas.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Stapledon Seminar 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presented an invited talk on sustainable livestock at the Stapledon Seminar Series
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Talk on use of Organic Amendments in Agriculture 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Research findings
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Tree of Tradeoffs - engagement with members of the public 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact As part of the Rothamsted Festival of ideas celebrating 175 years of Rothamsted, we held an event over the last weekend in June 2018 to ask members of the public about what they would like to see from Agriculture. We had a manufactured tree on which visitors were invited to hang different coloured leaves representing their 4 choices from 6 possibilities: cheap food, rural livelihoods, environment, nutritious food, farm profit or food security. Crucially visitors were limited to the 4 choices. This enabled us to engage with them and talk about what issues were more important than others. Visitors were also encouraged to write comments on the leaves that they hung on the tree. We reached over 600 people in this way, many of them children
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Upscaling Workshop - Reading, 14th June 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Dr Alice Milne attended a workshop & series of talks including soil pore modelling, process modelling from soil profile to global scale and modelling moisture by remote sensing.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Visit of local farmers 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Invited local stakeholders to view the work being undertaken and to ask for farm data
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Wageningen Soil Conference - Ped to Planet 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Soil moisture and roughness assessment using SAR and EMI sensing
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Waitrose Farm Assessment workshop (8 May 2017) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Prof Andy Whitmore presented on Farm practices and the farm assessment: a role for new science.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description meeting with national Environment Agency Catchment Sensitive Farming team 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presented the findings of a national programme researching the impacts of on-farm measures delivered by CSF
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description stakeholder meeting, Cumbria 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Information presented nd discussed on the efficacy of on-farm measures for sustainability
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019