Pathogen diversity, host specificity and virulence

Lead Research Organisation: University of Edinburgh
Department Name: The Roslin Institute

Abstract

This project will examine the diversity of pathogen populations and identify factors that contribute to virulence and host tropism, define their mode of action and use this knowledge to develop strategies to detect, treat and prevent infections.

Organisations

People

ORCID iD

David Lawrence Gally (Principal Investigator)
Sarah Mills Brown (Co-Investigator)
Samantha Lycett (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0003-3159-596X
Nikki Smith (Co-Investigator)
Tanja Opriessnig (Co-Investigator)
Gerry McLachlan (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0001-5362-9804
Mark Bronsvoort (Co-Investigator)
Adrian Muwonge (Co-Investigator)
Philippa Beard (Co-Investigator)
Eleanor Fiona Houston (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-4082-2274
Neil Andrew Mabbott (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0001-7395-1796
Tom Charles Freeman (Co-Investigator)
Ross Fitzgerald (Co-Investigator)
Abigail Diack (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-4293-3437
Liam James Morrison (Co-Investigator)
Christine Tait-Burkard (Co-Investigator)
TAHAR AIT-ALI (Co-Investigator)
Elizabeth Glass (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-6183-0185
Robert Dalziel (Co-Investigator)
Michael T Cheeseman (Co-Investigator)
Finn Grey (Co-Investigator)
Michael Bryan Watson (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0003-4211-0358
K Salamat (Co-Investigator)
Nick Sparks (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-2879-2762
Rowland Raymond Kao (Co-Investigator)
Musa Abdul Hassan (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-0371-3300
Rona Barron (Co-Investigator)
Andrew Christopher Gill (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0001-5201-9473
Lonneke Vervelde (Co-Investigator)
Tim Regan (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-0979-7875
Helen Sang (Co-Investigator)
Wilfred Goldmann (Co-Investigator)
Andrea Beate Doeschl-Wilson (Co-Investigator)
Joanne Marie Stevens (Co-Investigator)
Jacqueline Smith (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-2813-7872
Clare Pridans (Co-Investigator)
Bernadette Mary Dutia (Co-Investigator)
Deborah Hoyle (Co-Investigator)
Jean Manson (Co-Investigator)
Mark Paul Stevens (Co-Investigator)
David Arthur Hume (Co-Investigator)
Paul Digard (Co-Investigator)

Publications

10 25 50

publication icon
Boyle A (2017) Strain Typing of Prion Diseases Using In Vivo Mouse Models. in Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.)

 
Description 1. Machine learning to predict zoonotic potential and host attribution
We have applied a machine learning approach to analyse the gene content of bacterial pathogens that are found in multiple animal hoists including humans. Based on this approach it is possible to score the likely animal or human source of an isolate and its potential to infect and or cause disease in another host, including zoonotic potential in humans. The approach has value for source attribution studies for example defining the source of these bacteria in watercourses or food. It also helps identify the genes that facilitate infection of specific hosts. We can now test the value of the machine learning predictions using experimental approaches such as the highlight described below.

2. A sequence-based method to examine multi-strain infection dynamics in individual animals
We have developed a sequence-based approach to study the survival of different Salmonella serovars simultaneously in cattle. Salmonella is a pathogen that infects both cattle and humans. There are over 2600 types or serovars of Salmonella, many of which can survive within the lymphatic system of cattle. Peripheral lymph nodes of cattle contaminated with Salmonella can enter the food chain via ground beef products and improper cooking of these foods can result in infections in humans. It is important to determine whether some Salmonella serovars are better than others at surviving within cattle to determine if some serovars pose a greater threat to human health than others. This will enable researchers to develop appropriate vaccines and interventions to stop the transmission of Salmonella to humans. Some genes of Salmonella vary naturally in their sequence between different serovars and by using variation in these genes as markers, it is possible to identify and quantify serovars present in a mixed-population. Notably, all the different Salmonella serovars tested could be found in the peripheral lymph nodes, indicating that they all compromise food safety and may have equivalent invasive potential in cattle. We aim to apply for funding to test predicted scoring as defined above using this methodology.

3. A roadmap for zoonotic TB
The first ever global Zoonotic TB roadmap. A roadmap to combat Zoonotic Tuberculosis was launched in 2017 at the Union World Conference on Lung Health in Mexico. Zoonotic Tuberculosis (TB) is a form of tuberculosis in people caused by Mycobacterium bovis, which is often transmitted to humans through contact with infected animals, mainly cattle, and consumption of infected products. Ending the global TB epidemic is part of the goals set by the United Nations, aiming at inclusive, multidisciplinary approaches to improving health throughout the world by 2030. Dr Adrian Muwonge chairs the Zoonotic TB section at the International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease (The Union) that has been key to developing the roadmap which defines 10 key priority areas for limiting the impact of this disease on humans and their livestock and calls on stakeholders such as government, donors, academia, non-governmental organisations and private partnerships to action. The roadmap advises stakeholders to prioritise: (1) Mitigation of risk of transmission of zoonotic TB; (2) Strengthening diagnostic capability; (3) Access to timely diagnosis and effective treatment; (4) Fostering inter-sectoral collaboration.

4. The epidemiology of bovine tuberculosis in Cameroon
Based on abattoir sampling of 2346 cattle in 4 Regional abattoirs in Cameroon we have identified 255 M. bovis isolates in 97 unique genotypes, 19 of which have not previously been described. This represents the most diverse M. bovis population reported in Africa to date. The patterns of diversity are also different between regions possibly reflecting livestock movement networks and cross-border trade introducing a large number of new genotypes. This correlates with a separate analysis of the livestock trade network which shows a large interconnected network of trade in Northern Cameroon compared to a much more isolated trade network in the NW Region. The work is generating a better understanding of how this disease is transmitted between hosts in order to develop guidelines for stakeholders that should help reduce such transmission.

5. Progress on understanding the pathogenesis of Lawsonia intracellularis (LI)
Advances have recently been made in 3 areas: pathogen diversity, host pathogenesis and evaluation of vaccine efficacy. Through the efforts of a BBSRC-funded PhD student (BB/L01680X/1) we have acquired a further 30 LI genome sequences from faecal and ileum samples from clinically infected pigs in the UK, Europe, South America and Korea as well as from horse isolates and historical isolates. Further to these we have also acquired the data for 18 microbiomes that are associated with different severity of PPE clinical signs. This work has allowed us i) to generate novel diagnostic PCR assays to distinguish the vaccine strain from field strains, ii) to generate novel diagnostics including lateral flow assays and ELISA test and iii) establish the tools to test for associations between LI genotype and clinical signs in field samples.
With the establishment of an in vitro culture system for LI in epithelial cells we have now identified how LI may alter the regulation of NFKB and autophagy early during infection. In particular this work exploits cells lines edited in specific signalling components. This work will pave the way towards a better understanding how this intracellular pathogen is able to manipulate a key innate immune signalling component for its replication and survival. To further enhance molecular and cell lineage investigations a novel LI infection model in intestinal organoid has been also developed.
Finally, in line with the expertise we have acquired on the intestinal integrity during LI infection we have contributed to evaluation of the efficacy of novel LI vaccine. Our work on Lawsonia is with commercial companies.
Exploitation Route XX
Sectors Agriculture, Food and Drink,Education,Healthcare

 
Description It is an early stage in this programme but the zoonotic TB roadmap lays down priority areas that impact on a broad range of stakeholders in terms of this important disease in affected countries. There is also considerable interest from the commercial sector in our work on specific pathogens for development of new diagnostic tests and vaccines. We are also in discussion with two companies about the application of machine learning methods to interrogate complex genomic data for prediction.
First Year Of Impact 2017
Sector Agriculture, Food and Drink,Healthcare
Impact Types Cultural,Economic,Policy & public services

 
Description Alberta Prion Research Institute's Explorations Program Round VI
Amount $493,700 (CAD)
Funding ID PEX17009 
Organisation Alberta Prion Research Institute 
Start 07/2017 
End 06/2020
 
Description BBSRC Future Leader Fellowship
Amount £304,886 (GBP)
Funding ID BB/P007767/1 
Organisation Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 05/2017 
End 03/2019
 
Description BBSRC-A strategic approach to identifying and combating porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus outbreaks and other porcine viral diseases
Amount £983,771 (GBP)
Funding ID BB/R013187/1 
Organisation Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2018 
End 03/2021
 
Description BBSRC-SFI-Tackling a multi-host pathogen problem - phylodynamic analyses of the epidemiology of M. bovis in Britain and Ireland
Amount £448,073 (GBP)
Funding ID BB/P010598/1 
Organisation Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2017 
End 09/2020
 
Description BBSRC_Understanding the CD163 - PRRS virus interaction to improve genetic engineering for resistance
Amount £674,353 (GBP)
Funding ID BB/R004463/1 
Organisation Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 12/2017 
End 11/2020
 
Description Boehringer Ingelheim The PCV2 European Research Award
Amount € 25,000 (EUR)
Organisation Boehringer Ingelheim 
Department Boehringer Ingelheim
Sector Private
Country Canada
Start 02/2017 
End 04/2018
 
Description Carnegie Research Incentive Grant
Amount £9,886 (GBP)
Organisation Carnegie Trust 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United Kingdom
Start 02/2018 
End 07/2018
 
Description Carnegie Trust Research Incentive Grant
Amount £9,740 (GBP)
Organisation Carnegie Trust 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United Kingdom
Start 06/2018 
End 05/2019
 
Description Center for Tropical Livestock Health and Genetics
Amount £15,000,000 (GBP)
Organisation Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United States
Start 02/2017 
End 03/2020
 
Description Dissecting the molecular pathways of MDV oncoprotein Meq for understanding pathogenesis and aid vaccine development
Amount £384,966 (GBP)
Funding ID BB/R007632/1 
Organisation Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2018 
End 03/2021
 
Description EU-Dynamics of avian influenza in a changing world
Amount £403,373 (GBP)
Organisation European Commission 
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 08/2017 
End 09/2021
 
Description Food Standards Scotland Open Tender
Amount £120,000 (GBP)
Funding ID CRF:MRI/104/17 
Organisation Government of Scotland 
Department Food Standards Agency (FSA), Scotland
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 07/2017 
End 06/2019
 
Description Machine-learning to predict and understand the zoonotic threat of E. coli O157 isolates
Amount £421,490 (GBP)
Funding ID BB/P02095X/1 
Organisation Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2017 
End 09/2020
 
Description Wellcome Trust Collaborative Award
Amount £2,021,766 (GBP)
Funding ID 206815/Z/17/Z 
Organisation Wellcome Trust 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2018 
End 03/2022
 
Description Wellcome Trust Pathfinder Award
Amount £129,709 (GBP)
Funding ID 204521/Z/16/Z 
Organisation Wellcome Trust 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United Kingdom
Start 05/2017 
End 11/2018
 
Description he role of interleukin-10 (IL-10) in the regulation of innate immunity in the domestic chicken.
Amount £1,144,442 (GBP)
Funding ID BB/P022049/1 
Organisation Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 12/2017 
End 12/2020
 
Title ELispot for PCV2 
Description The assay is able to detect a cellular immune response to PCV2. 
Type Of Material Technology assay or reagent 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact Improvement of vaccine efficacy assessment. 
 
Title Strategy for quantifying individual bacterial strains during mixed infections 
Description We devised a novel strategy to follow the fate of individual bacterial strains during mixed infections. Specifically, we wished to follow the fate of multiple Salmonella enterica serovars during colonisation of the bovine host. These are indistinguishable by culture, and while they can be specifically detected by serology, quantification of numbers of each serovar during mixed infection would involve analysis of many hundreds or thousands of individual colonies. We devised a method based on massively-parallel sequencing of a polymorphic allele (rpoB), whereby sequence reads can be used to identify the strain present (based on single nucleotide polymorphisms specific to each strain) and the number of sequence reads can be taken as a measure of the abundance of the cognate strain. Using this method we were able to simultaneously define the fate of 12 different S. enterica strains during infection of cattle, including as they colonised the gut over time and spread from the gut to the lymphatic system and other tissues. This 3R approach should allow phenotypes to be derived with reduced use of animals in experiments and could, for example, be used to see if vaccine-induced responses are effective in control of all the different members of a bacterial population present - in this case toward a pan-serovar cross-protective vaccine. A manuscript reporting these findings was published in late 2017 (Vohra et al). Though a direct output of BBSRC responsive-mode funding, the project was underpinned by core-strategic grants from 2012 and 2017 (e.g. via the involvement of core-funded staff in animal studies) and a BBSRC US-UK partnering award, where the ideas for following serovars based on massively-parallel sequencing of rpoB and ileS were jointly developed. 
Type Of Material Technology assay or reagent 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Too early to say, but the method has the potential to reduce animal use in evaluating the cross-protective efficacy of vaccines or treatments as it enables many strains to be tested at once in a single animal rather than in separate groups that each receive a single strain. 
 
Title Avianbase: a community resource for bird genomics 
Description The Avianbase Project is an initiative led by the Roslin Institute in collaboration with the Avian Phylogenomics Consortium and Ensembl to make the initial sequence and annotation available for 48 bird species within the Ensembl framework. The Avianbase Project is using the Ensembl infrastructure to share data brought together by the Avian Phylogenomics Consortium (as part of the Avian Genome Consortium) for 48 birds. Giving access to sequence and annotation data for genome assemblies is important because, while facilitating research, it places both assembly and annotation quality under scrutiny, resulting in improvements to both. Therefore we announce Avianbase, a resource for bird genomics, which provides access to data released by the Avian Phylogenomics Consortium. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2015 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact The Avianbase project was overviewed in the paper of 2015 (Lél Eöry, M Thomas P Gilbert, Cai Li, Bo Li, Alan Archibald, Bronwen L Aken, Guojie Zhang, Erich Jarvis, Paul Flicek and David W Burt (2015) Avianbase: a community resource for bird genomics. Genome Biology 16:21) which has been sited by over 18 times. It provides a valuable one-stop-shop to access a wealth of Avian genomic information to allow easy interrogation of genotype across species. 
URL http://avianbase.narf.ac.uk/index.html
 
Title Comparative ribosome profiling uncovers a dominant role for translational control in Toxoplasma gondii 
Description We deposited in ToxoDB, which is a database of Apicomplexan parasite genome and genomic data (such as RNA-seq, DNA-seq, proteomics, etc), whole genome ribosome profiling and RNA-sequencing data of intracellular and extracellular parasites to facilitate the identification of parasite genes that are essential for intercellular transmission. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact This is the first genome-wide ribosome profiling data on any strain of Toxoplasma and is helping research understand the role of translational regulation in the parasites's lifecycle. IT has informed current ongoing research in various aspects of Toxoplasma biology in many labs. 
 
Description Bovine Tuberculosis sequencing and modelling collaboration 
Organisation University of Glasgow
Department MRC - University of Glasgow Centre for Virus Research
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Help with analysis of bovine tuberculois sequences with Phylodynamics computational techniques
Collaborator Contribution Lead of Tb project, collection of bovine Tb sequences and other modelling expertise
Impact Papers resulting: Trewby et al (2016) "Use of bacterial whole-genome sequencing to investigate local persistence and spread in bovine tuberculosis" Epidemics, Vol 14 March 2016, Pages 26-35 Crispbell (2017) "Using whole genome sequencing to investigate transmission in a multi-host system: bovine tuberculosis in New Zealand" BMC Genomics 2017 Feb 16;18(1):180 Successful grant application due to start April 2017: Bilateral BBSRC-SFI: Tackling a multi-host pathogen problem - phylodynamic analyses of the epidemiology of M. bovis in Britain and Ireland PI: Professor Rowland Kao:University of Glasgow BB/P010598/1
Start Year 2014
 
Description Centre for Tropical Livestock Genetics and Health (CTLGH) 
Organisation International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI)
Country Kenya 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Research contribution to the CTLGH result framework.
Collaborator Contribution Research links and collaboration with its member partners in the UK and Africa.
Impact No output to report yet.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Centre for tropical livestock genetics and health (CTLGH) 
Organisation International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI)
Country Kenya 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Mick Watson is co-leading programme 5 (informatics and bioresources) programme of CTLGH which aims to collect data on genotype and phenotype into a central database which can subsequently be mined for useful associations. So far we have ensured that scientists have access to the latest high performance computing environment for research, we have analysed and continue to analyse hundreds of farm animal genomes from LMIC countries, and we have built the data portal (http://data.ctlgh.org)
Collaborator Contribution The partners are involved in all programmes, which include:Program 1: Harnessing genetic variability among indigenous and exotic breeds of cattle (as well as their crosses) to develop genetic and genomic tools that will be used to improve productivity under harsh tropical conditions and to mitigate the impact of cattle on climate change. Program 2: Harnessing genetic variability in tropical productivity and adaptation among various breeds of Chickens. Program 3: Development and application of precision breeding (through novel reproductive and germplasm technologies) to achieve step changes in livestock genetic improvement. Program 4: Understanding the genetic and molecular mechanisms underlying the tolerance of certain cattle and poultry breeds to tropical diseases and pests. Program 5: A shared global data and biological sample resource to support continued research and development on tropical livestock genetics and health.
Impact The data portal so far: http://data.ctlgh.org The collaboration is multi-disciplinary, bringing together geneticists, parasitologists, virologists, epidemiologists and data scientists together.
Start Year 2016
 
Description Centre for tropical livestock genetics and health (CTLGH) 
Organisation Scotland's Rural College
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Mick Watson is co-leading programme 5 (informatics and bioresources) programme of CTLGH which aims to collect data on genotype and phenotype into a central database which can subsequently be mined for useful associations. So far we have ensured that scientists have access to the latest high performance computing environment for research, we have analysed and continue to analyse hundreds of farm animal genomes from LMIC countries, and we have built the data portal (http://data.ctlgh.org)
Collaborator Contribution The partners are involved in all programmes, which include:Program 1: Harnessing genetic variability among indigenous and exotic breeds of cattle (as well as their crosses) to develop genetic and genomic tools that will be used to improve productivity under harsh tropical conditions and to mitigate the impact of cattle on climate change. Program 2: Harnessing genetic variability in tropical productivity and adaptation among various breeds of Chickens. Program 3: Development and application of precision breeding (through novel reproductive and germplasm technologies) to achieve step changes in livestock genetic improvement. Program 4: Understanding the genetic and molecular mechanisms underlying the tolerance of certain cattle and poultry breeds to tropical diseases and pests. Program 5: A shared global data and biological sample resource to support continued research and development on tropical livestock genetics and health.
Impact The data portal so far: http://data.ctlgh.org The collaboration is multi-disciplinary, bringing together geneticists, parasitologists, virologists, epidemiologists and data scientists together.
Start Year 2016
 
Description Charoen Pokphand (CP) group 
Organisation Charoen Pokphand Group
PI Contribution Charoen Pokphand (CP) group are a large Asian conglomerate with an interest in farming, food production and feed additives. They have placed one of their staff members with me for PhD training, fully funded by them. We are training the staff member in laboratory and bioinformatics techniques related to microbiome research in chickens.
Collaborator Contribution CP provide access to large chicken flocks both in at their farms and in their production facility. This enables us to study chicken breeds in the actual environments in which they live throughout Asia.
Impact This is a multi-disciplinary project involving both laboratory and computational techniques. The major outcome so far include a review paper (http://aem.asm.org/content/early/2018/01/29/AEM.02627-17.abstract) and the technology transfer from our group into the commercial partner.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Collaboration with AB Vista 
Organisation AB Vista
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution We are researching the activity of ovodefensins, naturally-occurring egg peptides with antimicrobial properties. With BBSRC LINK funding we are exploring the activity of diverse ovodefensins from multiple avian species, dissecting their structure and mode of action, and exploring their capacity to act as growth promoters and novel therapeutics.
Collaborator Contribution AB Vista have made a substantial cash contribution to the LINK project (c. £460k) and also provide access to natural populations of broilers for feed trials using diets supplemented (or not) with Trichoderma-expressed ovodefensins. They also support analysis of the impact of such diets on intestinal microbiota and metabolites.
Impact Commercially sensitive and to be disclosed following scrutiny for Intellectual Property.
Start Year 2012
 
Description Collaboration with Boehringer Ingelheim 
Organisation Boehringer Ingelheim
Country Germany 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution The collaboration is to advance diagnostics in relation to specific bacterial infections in pigs. We are carrying out basic science investigating antigens and immune responses
Collaborator Contribution The company is providing reagents and expertise in this subject area
Impact Part-funded PhD studentship
Start Year 2017
 
Description Collaboration with Public Health England 
Organisation Public Health England
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Provision of animal and human STEC for sequencing, working with PHE to analyse strain phylogeny and epidemiology. We have contributed through further analysis of long read strain sequences to understand changes in strains that occur during outbreaks. We have co-upervised 2 PhD students on STEC bioinformatics projects.
Collaborator Contribution Reduced rate sequencing of STEC, analysis of data, provision of metadata. Co-publication
Impact Publications as in main list
Start Year 2013
 
Description Collaboration with Texas Tech University 
Organisation Texas Tech University
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Partner in this BBSRC US-UK Partnering Award related to Salmonella and E. coli infections in food-producing animals.
Collaborator Contribution We hosted a visiting postdoctoral research fellow (Marie Bugarel from TTU) in 2015 and provided training in methods to study the basis of Salmonella virulence (inc. mutagenesis, cell-based assays & in vivo models). Drs Bugarel and Loneragan were co-authors on our manuscript describing the use of massively-parallel sequencing of polymorphic alleles to track the fate of Salmonella enterica serovars following inoculation of cattle.
Impact A manuscript relating to a novel method to follow the fate of Salmonella enterica serovars during mixed infections was published in Applied and Environmental Microbiology in late 2017. This arose, in part, from the collaboration funded by a BBSRC US-UK partnering award (see tools), with resources from BBSRC- and Zoetis-funded project (BB/K015524/1) and core strategic grants to the Roslin Institute awarded in 2012 and 2017.
Start Year 2014
 
Description Collaboration with USDA Nebraska 
Organisation U.S. Department of Agriculture USDA
Country United States 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Exchange of STEC sequence information. Analysis of PacBio long read sequencing of human and cattle isolates
Collaborator Contribution Exchange of STEC sequence information. Carrying out of PacBio sequencing. Discussion of feedlot trials for E. coli O157 vaccine
Impact Publications are provided in main list
Start Year 2014
 
Description Collaboration with the Quadram Institute 
Organisation Quadram Institute Bioscience
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution This is a joint project with the Quadram Institute, where the lead Principal Investigator is Dr Rob Kingsley. The BBSRC contribution to our component of the project is £123,594. It is envisaged that we will evaluate the virulence of variants of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium in porcine models, both to quantify the magnitude and duration of intestinal colonisation in orally challenged pigs and the ability of strains to induce secretory and inflammatory responses in a porcine surgical model.
Collaborator Contribution The Quadram Institute will select Salmonella strains for testing in vivo, based on analysis of their genome sequences, transcriptomes and the phenotypes of the strains in cell-based assays.
Impact None at this stage. We await strains for testing.
Start Year 2015
 
Description EPIC Consortium 
Organisation Biomathematics and Statistics Scotland (BioSS)
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Roslin Institute leads on improving veterinary surveillance (Prof Mark Bronsvoort, Dr Sam Lycett), analyses of disease control options (Dr Thibaud Porphyre) and horizon scanning for disease threats (Dr Paul Bessell). Through EPIC, Roslin staff will be providing expertise and the scientific evidence to policy makers, including during animal disease emergencies (should one occur).
Collaborator Contribution The EPIC consortium delivers advice about livestock diseases to the Scottish Government under 5 themes: Topic 1 - Preparedness, Topic 2 - Risk, Topic 3 - Surveillance, Topic 4 - Control, Topic 5 - Futures. All Topics are co-lead with different combinations of partners from the collaborating institutes: Glasgow, Moredun, Roslin, James Hutton, BioSS, SRUC.
Impact Multi-institution, multi-disciplinary collaboration
Start Year 2016
 
Description EPIC Consortium 
Organisation James Hutton Institute
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Roslin Institute leads on improving veterinary surveillance (Prof Mark Bronsvoort, Dr Sam Lycett), analyses of disease control options (Dr Thibaud Porphyre) and horizon scanning for disease threats (Dr Paul Bessell). Through EPIC, Roslin staff will be providing expertise and the scientific evidence to policy makers, including during animal disease emergencies (should one occur).
Collaborator Contribution The EPIC consortium delivers advice about livestock diseases to the Scottish Government under 5 themes: Topic 1 - Preparedness, Topic 2 - Risk, Topic 3 - Surveillance, Topic 4 - Control, Topic 5 - Futures. All Topics are co-lead with different combinations of partners from the collaborating institutes: Glasgow, Moredun, Roslin, James Hutton, BioSS, SRUC.
Impact Multi-institution, multi-disciplinary collaboration
Start Year 2016
 
Description EPIC Consortium 
Organisation Moredun Research Institute
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Roslin Institute leads on improving veterinary surveillance (Prof Mark Bronsvoort, Dr Sam Lycett), analyses of disease control options (Dr Thibaud Porphyre) and horizon scanning for disease threats (Dr Paul Bessell). Through EPIC, Roslin staff will be providing expertise and the scientific evidence to policy makers, including during animal disease emergencies (should one occur).
Collaborator Contribution The EPIC consortium delivers advice about livestock diseases to the Scottish Government under 5 themes: Topic 1 - Preparedness, Topic 2 - Risk, Topic 3 - Surveillance, Topic 4 - Control, Topic 5 - Futures. All Topics are co-lead with different combinations of partners from the collaborating institutes: Glasgow, Moredun, Roslin, James Hutton, BioSS, SRUC.
Impact Multi-institution, multi-disciplinary collaboration
Start Year 2016
 
Description EPIC Consortium 
Organisation Scotland's Rural College
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Roslin Institute leads on improving veterinary surveillance (Prof Mark Bronsvoort, Dr Sam Lycett), analyses of disease control options (Dr Thibaud Porphyre) and horizon scanning for disease threats (Dr Paul Bessell). Through EPIC, Roslin staff will be providing expertise and the scientific evidence to policy makers, including during animal disease emergencies (should one occur).
Collaborator Contribution The EPIC consortium delivers advice about livestock diseases to the Scottish Government under 5 themes: Topic 1 - Preparedness, Topic 2 - Risk, Topic 3 - Surveillance, Topic 4 - Control, Topic 5 - Futures. All Topics are co-lead with different combinations of partners from the collaborating institutes: Glasgow, Moredun, Roslin, James Hutton, BioSS, SRUC.
Impact Multi-institution, multi-disciplinary collaboration
Start Year 2016
 
Description EPIC Consortium 
Organisation University of Glasgow
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Roslin Institute leads on improving veterinary surveillance (Prof Mark Bronsvoort, Dr Sam Lycett), analyses of disease control options (Dr Thibaud Porphyre) and horizon scanning for disease threats (Dr Paul Bessell). Through EPIC, Roslin staff will be providing expertise and the scientific evidence to policy makers, including during animal disease emergencies (should one occur).
Collaborator Contribution The EPIC consortium delivers advice about livestock diseases to the Scottish Government under 5 themes: Topic 1 - Preparedness, Topic 2 - Risk, Topic 3 - Surveillance, Topic 4 - Control, Topic 5 - Futures. All Topics are co-lead with different combinations of partners from the collaborating institutes: Glasgow, Moredun, Roslin, James Hutton, BioSS, SRUC.
Impact Multi-institution, multi-disciplinary collaboration
Start Year 2016
 
Description Industrial partnership with Zoetis Animal Health 
Organisation Zoetis
Country United States 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Identification of conserved antigens expressed during infection which represent candidate vaccine components
Collaborator Contribution Cash funding and challenge experiments in dairy cows
Impact Subject to confidentiality agreement
Start Year 2013
 
Description The Global Consortium for H5N8 and Related Influenza Viruses 
Organisation Animal Health Research Institute
Country Taiwan, Province of China 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution I performed phylogeographic analysis on avian influenza sequence data from the 2014/2015 highly pathogenic bird flu outbreaks supplied by the collaborators, resulting in a paper in Science. Since then I have also been performing analysis on the recent 2016/2017 outbreaks.
Collaborator Contribution The partners contributed sequence data from avian influenza cases, other avian influenza case data and expertise relating to bird migration. This collaboration was mediated through GISAID http://platform.gisaid.org/epi3/frontend The main collaborators are Erasmus Medical Centre, University of Utrecht and Friedrich Loeffler Institute.
Impact Paper: "Role for migratory wild birds in the global spread of avian influenza H5N8" The Global Consortium for H5N8 and Related Influenza Viruses: S Lycett, R Bodewes, (many others), .. M Woolhouse, T Kuiken Science 14 Oct 2016: Vol. 354, Issue 6309, pp. 213-217 DOI: 10.1126/science.aaf8852
Start Year 2014
 
Description The Global Consortium for H5N8 and Related Influenza Viruses 
Organisation Animal Health Service
PI Contribution I performed phylogeographic analysis on avian influenza sequence data from the 2014/2015 highly pathogenic bird flu outbreaks supplied by the collaborators, resulting in a paper in Science. Since then I have also been performing analysis on the recent 2016/2017 outbreaks.
Collaborator Contribution The partners contributed sequence data from avian influenza cases, other avian influenza case data and expertise relating to bird migration. This collaboration was mediated through GISAID http://platform.gisaid.org/epi3/frontend The main collaborators are Erasmus Medical Centre, University of Utrecht and Friedrich Loeffler Institute.
Impact Paper: "Role for migratory wild birds in the global spread of avian influenza H5N8" The Global Consortium for H5N8 and Related Influenza Viruses: S Lycett, R Bodewes, (many others), .. M Woolhouse, T Kuiken Science 14 Oct 2016: Vol. 354, Issue 6309, pp. 213-217 DOI: 10.1126/science.aaf8852
Start Year 2014
 
Description The Global Consortium for H5N8 and Related Influenza Viruses 
Organisation Animal and Plant Health Agency
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution I performed phylogeographic analysis on avian influenza sequence data from the 2014/2015 highly pathogenic bird flu outbreaks supplied by the collaborators, resulting in a paper in Science. Since then I have also been performing analysis on the recent 2016/2017 outbreaks.
Collaborator Contribution The partners contributed sequence data from avian influenza cases, other avian influenza case data and expertise relating to bird migration. This collaboration was mediated through GISAID http://platform.gisaid.org/epi3/frontend The main collaborators are Erasmus Medical Centre, University of Utrecht and Friedrich Loeffler Institute.
Impact Paper: "Role for migratory wild birds in the global spread of avian influenza H5N8" The Global Consortium for H5N8 and Related Influenza Viruses: S Lycett, R Bodewes, (many others), .. M Woolhouse, T Kuiken Science 14 Oct 2016: Vol. 354, Issue 6309, pp. 213-217 DOI: 10.1126/science.aaf8852
Start Year 2014
 
Description The Global Consortium for H5N8 and Related Influenza Viruses 
Organisation Animal and Plant Quarantine Agency
Country Korea, Republic of 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution I performed phylogeographic analysis on avian influenza sequence data from the 2014/2015 highly pathogenic bird flu outbreaks supplied by the collaborators, resulting in a paper in Science. Since then I have also been performing analysis on the recent 2016/2017 outbreaks.
Collaborator Contribution The partners contributed sequence data from avian influenza cases, other avian influenza case data and expertise relating to bird migration. This collaboration was mediated through GISAID http://platform.gisaid.org/epi3/frontend The main collaborators are Erasmus Medical Centre, University of Utrecht and Friedrich Loeffler Institute.
Impact Paper: "Role for migratory wild birds in the global spread of avian influenza H5N8" The Global Consortium for H5N8 and Related Influenza Viruses: S Lycett, R Bodewes, (many others), .. M Woolhouse, T Kuiken Science 14 Oct 2016: Vol. 354, Issue 6309, pp. 213-217 DOI: 10.1126/science.aaf8852
Start Year 2014
 
Description The Global Consortium for H5N8 and Related Influenza Viruses 
Organisation Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
Country United States 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution I performed phylogeographic analysis on avian influenza sequence data from the 2014/2015 highly pathogenic bird flu outbreaks supplied by the collaborators, resulting in a paper in Science. Since then I have also been performing analysis on the recent 2016/2017 outbreaks.
Collaborator Contribution The partners contributed sequence data from avian influenza cases, other avian influenza case data and expertise relating to bird migration. This collaboration was mediated through GISAID http://platform.gisaid.org/epi3/frontend The main collaborators are Erasmus Medical Centre, University of Utrecht and Friedrich Loeffler Institute.
Impact Paper: "Role for migratory wild birds in the global spread of avian influenza H5N8" The Global Consortium for H5N8 and Related Influenza Viruses: S Lycett, R Bodewes, (many others), .. M Woolhouse, T Kuiken Science 14 Oct 2016: Vol. 354, Issue 6309, pp. 213-217 DOI: 10.1126/science.aaf8852
Start Year 2014
 
Description The Global Consortium for H5N8 and Related Influenza Viruses 
Organisation Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences
Department Harbin Veterinary Research Institute (HVRI)
Country China 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution I performed phylogeographic analysis on avian influenza sequence data from the 2014/2015 highly pathogenic bird flu outbreaks supplied by the collaborators, resulting in a paper in Science. Since then I have also been performing analysis on the recent 2016/2017 outbreaks.
Collaborator Contribution The partners contributed sequence data from avian influenza cases, other avian influenza case data and expertise relating to bird migration. This collaboration was mediated through GISAID http://platform.gisaid.org/epi3/frontend The main collaborators are Erasmus Medical Centre, University of Utrecht and Friedrich Loeffler Institute.
Impact Paper: "Role for migratory wild birds in the global spread of avian influenza H5N8" The Global Consortium for H5N8 and Related Influenza Viruses: S Lycett, R Bodewes, (many others), .. M Woolhouse, T Kuiken Science 14 Oct 2016: Vol. 354, Issue 6309, pp. 213-217 DOI: 10.1126/science.aaf8852
Start Year 2014
 
Description The Global Consortium for H5N8 and Related Influenza Viruses 
Organisation Erasmus University Medical Center
Department Department of Viroscience
PI Contribution I performed phylogeographic analysis on avian influenza sequence data from the 2014/2015 highly pathogenic bird flu outbreaks supplied by the collaborators, resulting in a paper in Science. Since then I have also been performing analysis on the recent 2016/2017 outbreaks.
Collaborator Contribution The partners contributed sequence data from avian influenza cases, other avian influenza case data and expertise relating to bird migration. This collaboration was mediated through GISAID http://platform.gisaid.org/epi3/frontend The main collaborators are Erasmus Medical Centre, University of Utrecht and Friedrich Loeffler Institute.
Impact Paper: "Role for migratory wild birds in the global spread of avian influenza H5N8" The Global Consortium for H5N8 and Related Influenza Viruses: S Lycett, R Bodewes, (many others), .. M Woolhouse, T Kuiken Science 14 Oct 2016: Vol. 354, Issue 6309, pp. 213-217 DOI: 10.1126/science.aaf8852
Start Year 2014
 
Description The Global Consortium for H5N8 and Related Influenza Viruses 
Organisation Experimental Zooprophylactic Institute of the Venezie
Country Italy 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution I performed phylogeographic analysis on avian influenza sequence data from the 2014/2015 highly pathogenic bird flu outbreaks supplied by the collaborators, resulting in a paper in Science. Since then I have also been performing analysis on the recent 2016/2017 outbreaks.
Collaborator Contribution The partners contributed sequence data from avian influenza cases, other avian influenza case data and expertise relating to bird migration. This collaboration was mediated through GISAID http://platform.gisaid.org/epi3/frontend The main collaborators are Erasmus Medical Centre, University of Utrecht and Friedrich Loeffler Institute.
Impact Paper: "Role for migratory wild birds in the global spread of avian influenza H5N8" The Global Consortium for H5N8 and Related Influenza Viruses: S Lycett, R Bodewes, (many others), .. M Woolhouse, T Kuiken Science 14 Oct 2016: Vol. 354, Issue 6309, pp. 213-217 DOI: 10.1126/science.aaf8852
Start Year 2014
 
Description The Global Consortium for H5N8 and Related Influenza Viruses 
Organisation Fonds de la Recherche Scientifique
Country Belgium 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution I performed phylogeographic analysis on avian influenza sequence data from the 2014/2015 highly pathogenic bird flu outbreaks supplied by the collaborators, resulting in a paper in Science. Since then I have also been performing analysis on the recent 2016/2017 outbreaks.
Collaborator Contribution The partners contributed sequence data from avian influenza cases, other avian influenza case data and expertise relating to bird migration. This collaboration was mediated through GISAID http://platform.gisaid.org/epi3/frontend The main collaborators are Erasmus Medical Centre, University of Utrecht and Friedrich Loeffler Institute.
Impact Paper: "Role for migratory wild birds in the global spread of avian influenza H5N8" The Global Consortium for H5N8 and Related Influenza Viruses: S Lycett, R Bodewes, (many others), .. M Woolhouse, T Kuiken Science 14 Oct 2016: Vol. 354, Issue 6309, pp. 213-217 DOI: 10.1126/science.aaf8852
Start Year 2014
 
Description The Global Consortium for H5N8 and Related Influenza Viruses 
Organisation Friedrich Loeffler Institute
Country Germany 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution I performed phylogeographic analysis on avian influenza sequence data from the 2014/2015 highly pathogenic bird flu outbreaks supplied by the collaborators, resulting in a paper in Science. Since then I have also been performing analysis on the recent 2016/2017 outbreaks.
Collaborator Contribution The partners contributed sequence data from avian influenza cases, other avian influenza case data and expertise relating to bird migration. This collaboration was mediated through GISAID http://platform.gisaid.org/epi3/frontend The main collaborators are Erasmus Medical Centre, University of Utrecht and Friedrich Loeffler Institute.
Impact Paper: "Role for migratory wild birds in the global spread of avian influenza H5N8" The Global Consortium for H5N8 and Related Influenza Viruses: S Lycett, R Bodewes, (many others), .. M Woolhouse, T Kuiken Science 14 Oct 2016: Vol. 354, Issue 6309, pp. 213-217 DOI: 10.1126/science.aaf8852
Start Year 2014
 
Description The Global Consortium for H5N8 and Related Influenza Viruses 
Organisation Government of Canada
Department Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA)
Country Canada 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution I performed phylogeographic analysis on avian influenza sequence data from the 2014/2015 highly pathogenic bird flu outbreaks supplied by the collaborators, resulting in a paper in Science. Since then I have also been performing analysis on the recent 2016/2017 outbreaks.
Collaborator Contribution The partners contributed sequence data from avian influenza cases, other avian influenza case data and expertise relating to bird migration. This collaboration was mediated through GISAID http://platform.gisaid.org/epi3/frontend The main collaborators are Erasmus Medical Centre, University of Utrecht and Friedrich Loeffler Institute.
Impact Paper: "Role for migratory wild birds in the global spread of avian influenza H5N8" The Global Consortium for H5N8 and Related Influenza Viruses: S Lycett, R Bodewes, (many others), .. M Woolhouse, T Kuiken Science 14 Oct 2016: Vol. 354, Issue 6309, pp. 213-217 DOI: 10.1126/science.aaf8852
Start Year 2014
 
Description The Global Consortium for H5N8 and Related Influenza Viruses 
Organisation Government of Canada
Department Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA)
Country Canada 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution I performed phylogeographic analysis on avian influenza sequence data from the 2014/2015 highly pathogenic bird flu outbreaks supplied by the collaborators, resulting in a paper in Science. Since then I have also been performing analysis on the recent 2016/2017 outbreaks.
Collaborator Contribution The partners contributed sequence data from avian influenza cases, other avian influenza case data and expertise relating to bird migration. This collaboration was mediated through GISAID http://platform.gisaid.org/epi3/frontend The main collaborators are Erasmus Medical Centre, University of Utrecht and Friedrich Loeffler Institute.
Impact Paper: "Role for migratory wild birds in the global spread of avian influenza H5N8" The Global Consortium for H5N8 and Related Influenza Viruses: S Lycett, R Bodewes, (many others), .. M Woolhouse, T Kuiken Science 14 Oct 2016: Vol. 354, Issue 6309, pp. 213-217 DOI: 10.1126/science.aaf8852
Start Year 2014
 
Description The Global Consortium for H5N8 and Related Influenza Viruses 
Organisation Hokkaido University
Department Graduate School of Veterinary Medicine
Country Japan 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution I performed phylogeographic analysis on avian influenza sequence data from the 2014/2015 highly pathogenic bird flu outbreaks supplied by the collaborators, resulting in a paper in Science. Since then I have also been performing analysis on the recent 2016/2017 outbreaks.
Collaborator Contribution The partners contributed sequence data from avian influenza cases, other avian influenza case data and expertise relating to bird migration. This collaboration was mediated through GISAID http://platform.gisaid.org/epi3/frontend The main collaborators are Erasmus Medical Centre, University of Utrecht and Friedrich Loeffler Institute.
Impact Paper: "Role for migratory wild birds in the global spread of avian influenza H5N8" The Global Consortium for H5N8 and Related Influenza Viruses: S Lycett, R Bodewes, (many others), .. M Woolhouse, T Kuiken Science 14 Oct 2016: Vol. 354, Issue 6309, pp. 213-217 DOI: 10.1126/science.aaf8852
Start Year 2014
 
Description The Global Consortium for H5N8 and Related Influenza Viruses 
Organisation Hokkaido University
Department Research Center for Zoonosis Control
Country Japan 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution I performed phylogeographic analysis on avian influenza sequence data from the 2014/2015 highly pathogenic bird flu outbreaks supplied by the collaborators, resulting in a paper in Science. Since then I have also been performing analysis on the recent 2016/2017 outbreaks.
Collaborator Contribution The partners contributed sequence data from avian influenza cases, other avian influenza case data and expertise relating to bird migration. This collaboration was mediated through GISAID http://platform.gisaid.org/epi3/frontend The main collaborators are Erasmus Medical Centre, University of Utrecht and Friedrich Loeffler Institute.
Impact Paper: "Role for migratory wild birds in the global spread of avian influenza H5N8" The Global Consortium for H5N8 and Related Influenza Viruses: S Lycett, R Bodewes, (many others), .. M Woolhouse, T Kuiken Science 14 Oct 2016: Vol. 354, Issue 6309, pp. 213-217 DOI: 10.1126/science.aaf8852
Start Year 2014
 
Description The Global Consortium for H5N8 and Related Influenza Viruses 
Organisation Hungarian Academy of Sciences (MTA)
Country Hungary 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution I performed phylogeographic analysis on avian influenza sequence data from the 2014/2015 highly pathogenic bird flu outbreaks supplied by the collaborators, resulting in a paper in Science. Since then I have also been performing analysis on the recent 2016/2017 outbreaks.
Collaborator Contribution The partners contributed sequence data from avian influenza cases, other avian influenza case data and expertise relating to bird migration. This collaboration was mediated through GISAID http://platform.gisaid.org/epi3/frontend The main collaborators are Erasmus Medical Centre, University of Utrecht and Friedrich Loeffler Institute.
Impact Paper: "Role for migratory wild birds in the global spread of avian influenza H5N8" The Global Consortium for H5N8 and Related Influenza Viruses: S Lycett, R Bodewes, (many others), .. M Woolhouse, T Kuiken Science 14 Oct 2016: Vol. 354, Issue 6309, pp. 213-217 DOI: 10.1126/science.aaf8852
Start Year 2014
 
Description The Global Consortium for H5N8 and Related Influenza Viruses 
Organisation International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI)
Country Kenya 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution I performed phylogeographic analysis on avian influenza sequence data from the 2014/2015 highly pathogenic bird flu outbreaks supplied by the collaborators, resulting in a paper in Science. Since then I have also been performing analysis on the recent 2016/2017 outbreaks.
Collaborator Contribution The partners contributed sequence data from avian influenza cases, other avian influenza case data and expertise relating to bird migration. This collaboration was mediated through GISAID http://platform.gisaid.org/epi3/frontend The main collaborators are Erasmus Medical Centre, University of Utrecht and Friedrich Loeffler Institute.
Impact Paper: "Role for migratory wild birds in the global spread of avian influenza H5N8" The Global Consortium for H5N8 and Related Influenza Viruses: S Lycett, R Bodewes, (many others), .. M Woolhouse, T Kuiken Science 14 Oct 2016: Vol. 354, Issue 6309, pp. 213-217 DOI: 10.1126/science.aaf8852
Start Year 2014
 
Description The Global Consortium for H5N8 and Related Influenza Viruses 
Organisation Konkuk University
Country Korea, Republic of 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution I performed phylogeographic analysis on avian influenza sequence data from the 2014/2015 highly pathogenic bird flu outbreaks supplied by the collaborators, resulting in a paper in Science. Since then I have also been performing analysis on the recent 2016/2017 outbreaks.
Collaborator Contribution The partners contributed sequence data from avian influenza cases, other avian influenza case data and expertise relating to bird migration. This collaboration was mediated through GISAID http://platform.gisaid.org/epi3/frontend The main collaborators are Erasmus Medical Centre, University of Utrecht and Friedrich Loeffler Institute.
Impact Paper: "Role for migratory wild birds in the global spread of avian influenza H5N8" The Global Consortium for H5N8 and Related Influenza Viruses: S Lycett, R Bodewes, (many others), .. M Woolhouse, T Kuiken Science 14 Oct 2016: Vol. 354, Issue 6309, pp. 213-217 DOI: 10.1126/science.aaf8852
Start Year 2014
 
Description The Global Consortium for H5N8 and Related Influenza Viruses 
Organisation National Food Chain Safety Office
Department Veterinary Diagnostic Directorate
Country Hungary 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution I performed phylogeographic analysis on avian influenza sequence data from the 2014/2015 highly pathogenic bird flu outbreaks supplied by the collaborators, resulting in a paper in Science. Since then I have also been performing analysis on the recent 2016/2017 outbreaks.
Collaborator Contribution The partners contributed sequence data from avian influenza cases, other avian influenza case data and expertise relating to bird migration. This collaboration was mediated through GISAID http://platform.gisaid.org/epi3/frontend The main collaborators are Erasmus Medical Centre, University of Utrecht and Friedrich Loeffler Institute.
Impact Paper: "Role for migratory wild birds in the global spread of avian influenza H5N8" The Global Consortium for H5N8 and Related Influenza Viruses: S Lycett, R Bodewes, (many others), .. M Woolhouse, T Kuiken Science 14 Oct 2016: Vol. 354, Issue 6309, pp. 213-217 DOI: 10.1126/science.aaf8852
Start Year 2014
 
Description The Global Consortium for H5N8 and Related Influenza Viruses 
Organisation National Veterinary Institute
Country Sweden 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution I performed phylogeographic analysis on avian influenza sequence data from the 2014/2015 highly pathogenic bird flu outbreaks supplied by the collaborators, resulting in a paper in Science. Since then I have also been performing analysis on the recent 2016/2017 outbreaks.
Collaborator Contribution The partners contributed sequence data from avian influenza cases, other avian influenza case data and expertise relating to bird migration. This collaboration was mediated through GISAID http://platform.gisaid.org/epi3/frontend The main collaborators are Erasmus Medical Centre, University of Utrecht and Friedrich Loeffler Institute.
Impact Paper: "Role for migratory wild birds in the global spread of avian influenza H5N8" The Global Consortium for H5N8 and Related Influenza Viruses: S Lycett, R Bodewes, (many others), .. M Woolhouse, T Kuiken Science 14 Oct 2016: Vol. 354, Issue 6309, pp. 213-217 DOI: 10.1126/science.aaf8852
Start Year 2014
 
Description The Global Consortium for H5N8 and Related Influenza Viruses 
Organisation U.S. Department of Agriculture USDA
Department National Wildlife Research Center
Country United States 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution I performed phylogeographic analysis on avian influenza sequence data from the 2014/2015 highly pathogenic bird flu outbreaks supplied by the collaborators, resulting in a paper in Science. Since then I have also been performing analysis on the recent 2016/2017 outbreaks.
Collaborator Contribution The partners contributed sequence data from avian influenza cases, other avian influenza case data and expertise relating to bird migration. This collaboration was mediated through GISAID http://platform.gisaid.org/epi3/frontend The main collaborators are Erasmus Medical Centre, University of Utrecht and Friedrich Loeffler Institute.
Impact Paper: "Role for migratory wild birds in the global spread of avian influenza H5N8" The Global Consortium for H5N8 and Related Influenza Viruses: S Lycett, R Bodewes, (many others), .. M Woolhouse, T Kuiken Science 14 Oct 2016: Vol. 354, Issue 6309, pp. 213-217 DOI: 10.1126/science.aaf8852
Start Year 2014
 
Description The Global Consortium for H5N8 and Related Influenza Viruses 
Organisation U.S. Department of Agriculture USDA
Department Southeast Poultry Research Laboratory
Country Georgia 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution I performed phylogeographic analysis on avian influenza sequence data from the 2014/2015 highly pathogenic bird flu outbreaks supplied by the collaborators, resulting in a paper in Science. Since then I have also been performing analysis on the recent 2016/2017 outbreaks.
Collaborator Contribution The partners contributed sequence data from avian influenza cases, other avian influenza case data and expertise relating to bird migration. This collaboration was mediated through GISAID http://platform.gisaid.org/epi3/frontend The main collaborators are Erasmus Medical Centre, University of Utrecht and Friedrich Loeffler Institute.
Impact Paper: "Role for migratory wild birds in the global spread of avian influenza H5N8" The Global Consortium for H5N8 and Related Influenza Viruses: S Lycett, R Bodewes, (many others), .. M Woolhouse, T Kuiken Science 14 Oct 2016: Vol. 354, Issue 6309, pp. 213-217 DOI: 10.1126/science.aaf8852
Start Year 2014
 
Description The Global Consortium for H5N8 and Related Influenza Viruses 
Organisation U.S. Department of Agriculture USDA
Country United States 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution I performed phylogeographic analysis on avian influenza sequence data from the 2014/2015 highly pathogenic bird flu outbreaks supplied by the collaborators, resulting in a paper in Science. Since then I have also been performing analysis on the recent 2016/2017 outbreaks.
Collaborator Contribution The partners contributed sequence data from avian influenza cases, other avian influenza case data and expertise relating to bird migration. This collaboration was mediated through GISAID http://platform.gisaid.org/epi3/frontend The main collaborators are Erasmus Medical Centre, University of Utrecht and Friedrich Loeffler Institute.
Impact Paper: "Role for migratory wild birds in the global spread of avian influenza H5N8" The Global Consortium for H5N8 and Related Influenza Viruses: S Lycett, R Bodewes, (many others), .. M Woolhouse, T Kuiken Science 14 Oct 2016: Vol. 354, Issue 6309, pp. 213-217 DOI: 10.1126/science.aaf8852
Start Year 2014
 
Description The Global Consortium for H5N8 and Related Influenza Viruses 
Organisation US Geological Survey
Country United States 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution I performed phylogeographic analysis on avian influenza sequence data from the 2014/2015 highly pathogenic bird flu outbreaks supplied by the collaborators, resulting in a paper in Science. Since then I have also been performing analysis on the recent 2016/2017 outbreaks.
Collaborator Contribution The partners contributed sequence data from avian influenza cases, other avian influenza case data and expertise relating to bird migration. This collaboration was mediated through GISAID http://platform.gisaid.org/epi3/frontend The main collaborators are Erasmus Medical Centre, University of Utrecht and Friedrich Loeffler Institute.
Impact Paper: "Role for migratory wild birds in the global spread of avian influenza H5N8" The Global Consortium for H5N8 and Related Influenza Viruses: S Lycett, R Bodewes, (many others), .. M Woolhouse, T Kuiken Science 14 Oct 2016: Vol. 354, Issue 6309, pp. 213-217 DOI: 10.1126/science.aaf8852
Start Year 2014
 
Description The Global Consortium for H5N8 and Related Influenza Viruses 
Organisation University Libre Bruxelles (Université Libre de Bruxelles ULB)
Department Spatial Epidemiology Laboratory
Country Belgium 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution I performed phylogeographic analysis on avian influenza sequence data from the 2014/2015 highly pathogenic bird flu outbreaks supplied by the collaborators, resulting in a paper in Science. Since then I have also been performing analysis on the recent 2016/2017 outbreaks.
Collaborator Contribution The partners contributed sequence data from avian influenza cases, other avian influenza case data and expertise relating to bird migration. This collaboration was mediated through GISAID http://platform.gisaid.org/epi3/frontend The main collaborators are Erasmus Medical Centre, University of Utrecht and Friedrich Loeffler Institute.
Impact Paper: "Role for migratory wild birds in the global spread of avian influenza H5N8" The Global Consortium for H5N8 and Related Influenza Viruses: S Lycett, R Bodewes, (many others), .. M Woolhouse, T Kuiken Science 14 Oct 2016: Vol. 354, Issue 6309, pp. 213-217 DOI: 10.1126/science.aaf8852
Start Year 2014
 
Description The Global Consortium for H5N8 and Related Influenza Viruses 
Organisation University of Oxford
Department Centre for Tropical Medicine and Global Health
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Hospitals 
PI Contribution I performed phylogeographic analysis on avian influenza sequence data from the 2014/2015 highly pathogenic bird flu outbreaks supplied by the collaborators, resulting in a paper in Science. Since then I have also been performing analysis on the recent 2016/2017 outbreaks.
Collaborator Contribution The partners contributed sequence data from avian influenza cases, other avian influenza case data and expertise relating to bird migration. This collaboration was mediated through GISAID http://platform.gisaid.org/epi3/frontend The main collaborators are Erasmus Medical Centre, University of Utrecht and Friedrich Loeffler Institute.
Impact Paper: "Role for migratory wild birds in the global spread of avian influenza H5N8" The Global Consortium for H5N8 and Related Influenza Viruses: S Lycett, R Bodewes, (many others), .. M Woolhouse, T Kuiken Science 14 Oct 2016: Vol. 354, Issue 6309, pp. 213-217 DOI: 10.1126/science.aaf8852
Start Year 2014
 
Description The Global Consortium for H5N8 and Related Influenza Viruses 
Organisation University of Oxford
Department Department of Zoology
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution I performed phylogeographic analysis on avian influenza sequence data from the 2014/2015 highly pathogenic bird flu outbreaks supplied by the collaborators, resulting in a paper in Science. Since then I have also been performing analysis on the recent 2016/2017 outbreaks.
Collaborator Contribution The partners contributed sequence data from avian influenza cases, other avian influenza case data and expertise relating to bird migration. This collaboration was mediated through GISAID http://platform.gisaid.org/epi3/frontend The main collaborators are Erasmus Medical Centre, University of Utrecht and Friedrich Loeffler Institute.
Impact Paper: "Role for migratory wild birds in the global spread of avian influenza H5N8" The Global Consortium for H5N8 and Related Influenza Viruses: S Lycett, R Bodewes, (many others), .. M Woolhouse, T Kuiken Science 14 Oct 2016: Vol. 354, Issue 6309, pp. 213-217 DOI: 10.1126/science.aaf8852
Start Year 2014
 
Description The Global Consortium for H5N8 and Related Influenza Viruses 
Organisation University of Wageningen
Country Netherlands 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution I performed phylogeographic analysis on avian influenza sequence data from the 2014/2015 highly pathogenic bird flu outbreaks supplied by the collaborators, resulting in a paper in Science. Since then I have also been performing analysis on the recent 2016/2017 outbreaks.
Collaborator Contribution The partners contributed sequence data from avian influenza cases, other avian influenza case data and expertise relating to bird migration. This collaboration was mediated through GISAID http://platform.gisaid.org/epi3/frontend The main collaborators are Erasmus Medical Centre, University of Utrecht and Friedrich Loeffler Institute.
Impact Paper: "Role for migratory wild birds in the global spread of avian influenza H5N8" The Global Consortium for H5N8 and Related Influenza Viruses: S Lycett, R Bodewes, (many others), .. M Woolhouse, T Kuiken Science 14 Oct 2016: Vol. 354, Issue 6309, pp. 213-217 DOI: 10.1126/science.aaf8852
Start Year 2014
 
Description The Global Consortium for H5N8 and Related Influenza Viruses 
Organisation Utrecht University
Department Department of Farm Animal Health
Country Netherlands 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution I performed phylogeographic analysis on avian influenza sequence data from the 2014/2015 highly pathogenic bird flu outbreaks supplied by the collaborators, resulting in a paper in Science. Since then I have also been performing analysis on the recent 2016/2017 outbreaks.
Collaborator Contribution The partners contributed sequence data from avian influenza cases, other avian influenza case data and expertise relating to bird migration. This collaboration was mediated through GISAID http://platform.gisaid.org/epi3/frontend The main collaborators are Erasmus Medical Centre, University of Utrecht and Friedrich Loeffler Institute.
Impact Paper: "Role for migratory wild birds in the global spread of avian influenza H5N8" The Global Consortium for H5N8 and Related Influenza Viruses: S Lycett, R Bodewes, (many others), .. M Woolhouse, T Kuiken Science 14 Oct 2016: Vol. 354, Issue 6309, pp. 213-217 DOI: 10.1126/science.aaf8852
Start Year 2014
 
Description The Global Consortium for H5N8 and Related Influenza Viruses 
Organisation Wellcome Trust
Department Wellcome Trust Major Overseas Programme in Ho Chi Minh City Vietnam
Country Viet Nam 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution I performed phylogeographic analysis on avian influenza sequence data from the 2014/2015 highly pathogenic bird flu outbreaks supplied by the collaborators, resulting in a paper in Science. Since then I have also been performing analysis on the recent 2016/2017 outbreaks.
Collaborator Contribution The partners contributed sequence data from avian influenza cases, other avian influenza case data and expertise relating to bird migration. This collaboration was mediated through GISAID http://platform.gisaid.org/epi3/frontend The main collaborators are Erasmus Medical Centre, University of Utrecht and Friedrich Loeffler Institute.
Impact Paper: "Role for migratory wild birds in the global spread of avian influenza H5N8" The Global Consortium for H5N8 and Related Influenza Viruses: S Lycett, R Bodewes, (many others), .. M Woolhouse, T Kuiken Science 14 Oct 2016: Vol. 354, Issue 6309, pp. 213-217 DOI: 10.1126/science.aaf8852
Start Year 2014
 
Description Annual Roslin Institute Open Doors Day 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The annual Roslin Institute Open Doors day was held on 14 October 2017 and was attended by 491 people. It involved 81 members of staff and students and showcased a wide range of research arising from BBSRC strategic investment, including (but not limited to), food safety, influenza, genetic improvement, DNA, imaging and the ethical treatment of animals in research.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Annual Roslin Institute Open Doors Day 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The annual Roslin Institute Open Doors day was held on 14 October 2017 and was attended by 491 people. It involved 81 members of staff and students and showcased a wide range of research arising from BBSRC strategic investment, including (but not limited to), food safety, influenza, genetic improvement, DNA, imaging and the ethical treatment of animals in research.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Aviagen / CP workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact I presented our work on functional microbiome analysis during a one-day workshop which I set up and organised at The Roslin Institute. In attendance were employees of CP (a large Asian conglomerate) and Aviagen (one of the world's largest chicken breeding companies). The focus of the workshop was animal genetics and microbiome.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010,2017
 
Description BBC Countryfile film related to the work of the Centre for Tropical Livestock Genetics & Health at Roslin 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Bill Gates was interviewed by BBC Countryfile on 26 January 2018 in relation to work funded by the Gates Foundation involving Roslin Institute scientists towards the genetic improvement of farmed animals in low- and middle-income countries. The programme aired on 11 February 2018 and reached an estimated audience in excess of 5 million. The interview took place on the same day as the launch of the Global Academy of Agriculture & Food Security, which was attended by the Secretary of State for the Department for International Development the Rt Hon Penny Mordaunt (see separate activity) and generated significant press interest, featuring on BBC Scotland news. Particular emphasis was placed on the work of Roslin scientists to understand the genetic make-up of African diary cattle and chickens and to understand how this relates to performance traits in order to guide breeding decisions.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Careers event for S4 secondary pupils 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Opportunity for S4 pupils to interact with professionals across a range of areas including STEM. Aim was to give pupils information on careers in biological research prior to choosing final year subjects and University degrees.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015,2016,2017
 
Description International workshop on Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli at The Roslin Institute 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact A two-day international workshop was held at The Roslin Institute on Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC), funded partly by this award (for travel of US collaborators) and partly by the Food Standards Agency of Scotland via a £2m award for collaborative research by a consortium led by Professor Gally. The workshop attracted leading academics working on E. coli O157 and other STEC from the US (Jim Bono, Guy Loneragan, Tom Edrington), Canada (Tim McAllister, Kim Stanford), Germany (Christian Menge), Belgium (Eric Cox), Sweden (Erik Eriksson, Lena-Mari Tamminen, Robert Soderlund) and the United Kingdom (Claire Jenkins, Tim Dallman, Dominic Mellor, Norval Strachan [Chief Scientific Advisor for FSA Scotland]). The workshop shared the latest advances in understanding of the biology of E. coli O157 and other STEC, including epidemiology, genomics, virulence, super-shedding and control strategies.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Introduction to the Research of the Roslin Institute - Royal Society of Biology Scottish Branch Annual Symposium 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Professor Stevens provided an overview of the research of The Roslin Institute to members of the public and the Royal Society of Biology, who convened for the annual symposium of the RSB Scottish Branch on 14 October 2017 at Roslin. The event coincided with the annual Roslin 'Open Doors' day and featured BBSRC-funded research.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Invited speaker - Avian Genetics and Immunity Symposium 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Research on Avian Genetics and Immunity (RAGI) has been established to strengthen global partnerships and links between academic researchers, students and the poultry professionals working on the genetics of avian immunity. The purpose of the symposium was to provide a forum for discussion and exchange of ideas around the single theme of exploiting available opportunities in ultimately dealing emerging and existing infectious avian diseases in poultry production systems and to safeguard food supplies and human health.
The purpose of KW talk was to overview the current situation in industry for breeding for disease resistance and introduce the NARF. The overview of NARF included a review of facilities, lines available and current work being carried out using NARF avian lines. The presentation stimulated significant discussion.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://geneticsandimmunity.com/
 
Description Newspaper article on infection threat from unpasteurised milk products 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The article was written by myself and Dr Deborah Hoyle in response to an outbreak of E.coli O157 for which the epidemiology strongly pointed to the source being an unpasteurised soft cheese from a local producer, the outbreak resulted in the death of a three year old girl. The causative organism was not found in the company's product and the article discussed key issues around unpasteurised and minimally processed food, especially with an increase in artisan food producers, what are the risks and how should they be controlled, or not?
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.heraldscotland.com/news/health/15565022.Health_warnings_on_unpasteurised_cheese__should_b...
 
Description Open lecture on African trypanosomes in cattle to Royal Society of Biology Scottish Branch 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Dr Liam provided an overview of his research on African trypanosomes in cattle to members of the public and the Royal Society of Biology, who convened for the annual symposium of the RSB Scottish Branch on 14 October 2017 at Roslin. The event coincided with the annual Roslin 'Open Doors' day and featured BBSRC-funded research.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Press release on the development of a method to simultanoeusly analyse multiple Salmonella strains in animals 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Press release on work arising from this US-UK collaboration to understand the risk to food safety and animal welfare posed by Salmonella enterica serovars in cattle.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.ed.ac.uk/roslin/news-events/latest-news/novel-sequencing-study-salmonella-cattle
 
Description Public lecture - Inaugural Lecture of Professor Tanja Opriessnig 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Professor Opriessnig delivered her Inaugual Lecture on 'From 'circus virus' to mostly commonly used swine vaccine on 24 April 2017, relating to her BBSRC-funded research on porcine viral diseases and strategies to detect and control them. The event was attended by children from local schools, members of the public and students of the University of Edinburgh.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Public lecture entitled Confronting the Microbial Menace in Our Food'. Professor Mark Stevens 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact The inaugural lecture of Professor Mark Stevens was held on 30 October 2017 on his BBSRC-funded research to identify bacterial and host factors influencing the ability of Salmonella, Campylobacter and E. coli to colonise farm animals and cause disease. It was attended by children from local schools, members of the public, students at The Roslin Institute and wider University of Edinburgh and posted online.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017,2018
URL https://media.ed.ac.uk/media/Inaugural+lectureA+Confronting+the+microbial+menace+in+our+food/1_x5k5e...
 
Description Public lecture on microbes and antimicorbial resistance by Professor David Gally, U3A event Centre for Life, Newcastle 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Professor David Gally delivered a public lecture at the Centre for Life, Newcastle, organised by the University of the Third Age for their Microbes and Antibiotics Day on 9 October 2017. BBSRC-funded research at the Roslin Institute featured in his presentation.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Publish or Perish: Ethical Issues Facing Researchers. 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact The workshop addressed ethical issues from study design to publication and was aimed at postgraduate students and early career researchers. This sparked debate over ethical issues in research and the questions over the practicalities of the issues involved.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Science Insights work experience for S5 school pupils 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact We ran our Science Insights work experience programme for local school pupils on 24-28 July 2017. 38 S5 pupils attended, 20 of whom worked in the Roslin Institute for 2 days alongside BBSRC-supported researchers from this ISP, including our core-funded staff scientists. All 38 students also had a tour of the Langhill farm and attended a presentation and debate about the use of animals in research. Students also had the opportunity to discuss career paths and what it is like to work as a research scientist.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.ed.ac.uk/roslin/working/opportunities/young-people/science-insights
 
Description Stand at the Royal Highland Show, including the BBSRC-funded Flu Fighters exhibit. 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Roslin Institute stand at the Royal Highland Show 22-25 June 2017. Approximately 25 Roslin Institute staff and students were involved. Exhibits of relevance to this ISP include the BBSRC-funded Flu Fighters exhibit, highlighting the problem of influenza and our research to combat it.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Swine Practitioner workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Practitioner meeting in France to inform them on new insights on vaccination protocols.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description TEDx Talk by Professor Helen Sang on 'Why do we need GM chickens?' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Professor Helen Sang delivered a Tedx Talk in Glasgow on 2 June 2017 on 'Why do we need GM chickens?'. The event was attended by approximately 1700 people and has been shared online with over 900 views. It highlighted the challenge of achieving global food security and the potential of BBSRC-funded research to improve poultry, including via genetic alteration. Examples for ongoing research using GM poultry in this programme were shared.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DUbqrh5otWs
 
Description The Human Body activities at a BBC-sponsored Edinburgh Festival event 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Researchers from The Roslin Institute joined colleagues from across the University's College of Medicine and Veterinary Medicine in the grounds of George Heriot's School in central Edinburgh to deliver family-friendly activities about 'The Human Body' on 15 August 2017. The event was part of a series of science-themed activities hosted by the BBC at the Edinburgh Festivals to support BBC Learning's 'Terrific Scientific' campaign, which aims to inspire children and young people to engage with science. Our staff and Ph.D students ran interactive activities about their research on lungs and skin, including inflating and examining real pig lungs, comparing healthy and diseased organs, and a chance for visitors to use their craft skills to make a model of their skin. Other activities at the event included anatomy face and body painting and a chance to see dissections of animal brains and hearts close-up. An estimated 1,400 family visitors were engaged, with great questions about our research and what it's like to work as a scientist.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.ed.ac.uk/roslin/community-engagement/public-events/events-archive/the-human-body-bbc-at-...
 
Description Visit by Bill Gates and the Secretary of State for the Department of International Development 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Bill Gates and the Secretary of State for the Department of International Development (DfID; Rt Hon Penny Mordaunt) visited The Roslin Institute on 26 January 2018. This involved separate sessions with the Gates Foundation and DfID to learn about the research undertaken by the Centre for Tropical Livestock Genetics & Health (CTLGH), in which the Roslin Institute is a major partner and researchers in the Institute Strategic Programmes are heavily involved. DfID announced £4m of funding for the CTLGH, adding to £10m already received from the Gates Foundation. In the presence of the Principal of the University of Edinburgh, Bill Gates and the Rt Hon Penny Mordaunt formally opened the Global Academy for Agriculture & Food Security which will provide undergraduate and postgraduate training in sustainable agriculture. The event took place in the new Campus Innovation Building (which received BBSRC strategic funding). The University of Edinburgh press office tracked the following activity related to the visit, in which many participants in the ISPs were involved:

• 109 individual articles and broadcast pieces that mentioned the University with regards to the visit, with an estimated potential reach of more than 7 million people.

• Of these, more than half of the coverage mentioned one of more of the Global Academy of Agriculture & Food Security, the Centre for Tropical Livestock Genetics & Health, SEBI, the Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies, Roslin or the Easter Bush Campus in addition to name checking the University.

• In addition to the UK, we also attracted press coverage in the USA, France, New Zealand, China, Zimbabwe, South Africa, Botswana, Taiwan and Egypt.

• Across social media, we reached more than 1.4 million people with 14k+ engagements (likes, shares, retweets etc). Of these, 99.8% were positive.

• The Facebook Live streaming alone reached more than 100k people. More than 18k people have watched the video.

• Our news videos have garnered more than 35k views across platforms.

• We tracked a spike in traffic to the Global Academy website on the day of the visit - 1405 visits (11 times the average for the previous month).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018