Host responses underlying immunity

Lead Research Organisation: University of Edinburgh
Department Name: The Roslin Institute

Abstract

This project aims to identify host innate and adaptive responses associated with immunity following natural infection or vaccination. Novel strategies will be developed to improve antigen delivery and potentiate vaccine-mediated protection, underpinned by an Immunological Toolbox to study farm animal immunity. Emphasis will be placed on the study of pathogens in their natural farm animal hosts, supported by ongoing collaborations with academia, industry and other Institutes.

Publications

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Audzevich T (2017) Pre/pro-B cells generate macrophage populations during homeostasis and inflammation. in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

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Chakraborty P (2017) Marek's disease virus infection of phagocytes: a de novo in vitro infection model. in The Journal of general virology

 
Description 1. International Veterinary Vaccinology Network
The aim of the International Veterinary Vaccinology Network (IVVN) is to establish a community of researchers that will address the challenges impeding vaccine development for major livestock and zoonotic diseases in low-and-middle income countries (LMICs). Since launching in August 2017 after receiving £2.8m from the MRC and BBSRC, the IVVN has welcomed 275 members from across 40 countries, and importantly 55% of IVVN members are from organisations based in LMICs. To facilitate collaborations between scientists, industrial partners and others, the IVVN will host annual scientific meetings, and IVVN members will have the opportunity to host workshops. The first meeting of the IVVN is on the 26th & 27th March 2018 in the Ole Sereni Hotel, Nairobi. IVVN members are eligible to apply for catalyst funding in the form of 'pump-priming' grants and laboratory exchange awards. Pump-priming grants, of up to £100,000, are available to allow collaborative teams of IVVN members to address key bottlenecks affecting the development of livestock vaccines. In addition to networking activities and catalyst funding, the IVVN aims to be a central area of dissemination of information to the veterinary vaccinology community via the IVVN website.

2. Development of new immunological reagents
We have generated and validated mAbs specific for porcine ADGRE-1 and CSF-1 enabling studies of macrophage development from bone marrow progenitors (Waddell et al, 2 papers in preparation). We have also generated recombinant bovine CX3CL1 which we have used as a fluorescently labelled probe to determine the expression of CX3CR1 on populations of bovine macrophages and dendritic cells, including those found draining the skin in afferent lymph (Raper et al, manuscript in preparation).

3. Development of novel adjuvants
With respect to identification of novel adjuvants and potentiating immune response induction, we have formed a new collaboration with Professor Jim Brewer, University of Glasgow and a commercial partner (Aptamer Group) to assess the potential of DNA aptamers as adjuvants for cattle. Preliminary data generated using ISP funding has demonstrated that within DNA aptamer libraries there are aptamers that bind bovine dendritic cells (DC) and appear to potentiate the interactions of DC with T cells indicating they have adjuvant activity.

4. A trivalent vaccine restricts excretion and transmission of Shiga toxin positive E. coli O157 under experimental conditions
Research supported by both this Institute Strategic Programme and an FSS/FSA grant, and in collaboration with the Moredun Research Institute and Glasgow University, has demonstrated that our vaccine developed over the last decade to limit enterohaemorrhagic E. coli O157 excretion from cattle is effective when tested using Shiga toxin (Stx) positive E. coli in small group cattle cohorts (unpublished). This is important as there was some concern that Stx impairs immune responses and while the previously vaccinated animals had been shown to exhibit significantly reduced shedding of a Stx- strain it needed to be tested with a wild type (Stx+) isolate. The experiment also provided evidence that transmission to vaccinated animals was reduced. The data helps us demonstrate the value of testing the vaccine under field conditions for which a commercial partner is still being sought with the aim of licencing.

5. Testing of a chimeric PRRS vaccines
In collaboration with Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, we have collaborated on the testing of a chimeric porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus containing the full-length sequences of shuffled structural genes of multiple heterologous strains. It was shown that the chimeric virus induced a high level of neutralizing antibodies in pigs against two heterologous strains. A subsequent vaccination and challenge study in pigs revealed that the chimeric virus conferred an enhanced cross-protection when challenged with heterologous virus strain or a contemporary heterologous strain RFLP 1-7-4. The results suggest that the chimera may be a good PRRSV vaccine candidate for further development to confer heterologous protection. A virus-vectored multi-component vaccine against porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus, porcine circovirus type 2 and swine influenza is also showing promise.
Exploitation Route xx
Sectors Agriculture, Food and Drink,Education

 
Description BBSRC - BBR call 2017, GCRF highlight call
Amount £75,000 (GBP)
Organisation Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 07/2017 
End 06/2018
 
Description BBSRC Responsive Mode
Amount £644,177 (GBP)
Funding ID BB/R008272/1 
Organisation Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2018 
End 03/2021
 
Description BBSRC-iCASE-Chicken Intestinal Organoids: A Novel In Vitro System To Study Mucosal Vaccine Targeting
Amount £95,000 (GBP)
Organisation Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2017 
End 09/2021
 
Description CTLGH research project call 2016
Amount £98,000 (GBP)
Organisation Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United States
Start 09/2016 
End 08/2019
 
Description Center for Tropical Livestock Health and Genetics
Amount £15,000,000 (GBP)
Organisation Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United States
Start 02/2017 
End 03/2020
 
Description GCRF Impact Accelerator
Amount £300,000 (GBP)
Organisation Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2017 
End 03/2018
 
Description GCRF Impact Accelerator
Amount £300,000 (GBP)
Organisation Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2017 
End 03/2018
 
Description Horserace betting levy board research call 2017
Amount £5,800 (GBP)
Organisation Horserace Betting Levy Board 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United Kingdom
Start 05/2018 
End 02/2019
 
Description Impact accelerator award
Amount £30,000 (GBP)
Organisation Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2017 
End 02/2018
 
Description he role of interleukin-10 (IL-10) in the regulation of innate immunity in the domestic chicken.
Amount £1,144,442 (GBP)
Funding ID BB/P022049/1 
Organisation Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 12/2017 
End 12/2020
 
Title Bovine MHC genotyping using MiSeq 
Description A complete platform for enabling the characterising MHC diversity in bovine. It describes the whole process including PCR amplification, sequence analysis and bioinformatics pipeline required to perform high resolution, high throughput analysis of bovine MHC 
Type Of Material Technology assay or reagent 
Year Produced 2016 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Application of this tool is enabling us to perform a global scale analysis of bovine MHC which had previously been technically non-feasible. Based on this technique we are now analysing several thousand samples collected from countries around the world including Pakistan, Kenya, Uganda, Cameroon, Zambia, Brazil, UK and Italy. We have already hosted researchers from Kenya and Zambia who wanted to learn how to use and apply the method. 
 
Title India flu - in vitro assays 
Description Development of in vitro assays for assessment of candidate gene function in response to flu infection 
Type Of Material Model of mechanisms or symptoms - in vitro 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact These assays allow us to verify the effects of candidate genes upon flu infection, without using whole animal experiments 
URL https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4523026/
 
Title Avianbase: a community resource for bird genomics 
Description The Avianbase Project is an initiative led by the Roslin Institute in collaboration with the Avian Phylogenomics Consortium and Ensembl to make the initial sequence and annotation available for 48 bird species within the Ensembl framework. The Avianbase Project is using the Ensembl infrastructure to share data brought together by the Avian Phylogenomics Consortium (as part of the Avian Genome Consortium) for 48 birds. Giving access to sequence and annotation data for genome assemblies is important because, while facilitating research, it places both assembly and annotation quality under scrutiny, resulting in improvements to both. Therefore we announce Avianbase, a resource for bird genomics, which provides access to data released by the Avian Phylogenomics Consortium. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2015 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact The Avianbase project was overviewed in the paper of 2015 (Lél Eöry, M Thomas P Gilbert, Cai Li, Bo Li, Alan Archibald, Bronwen L Aken, Guojie Zhang, Erich Jarvis, Paul Flicek and David W Burt (2015) Avianbase: a community resource for bird genomics. Genome Biology 16:21) which has been sited by over 18 times. It provides a valuable one-stop-shop to access a wealth of Avian genomic information to allow easy interrogation of genotype across species. 
URL http://avianbase.narf.ac.uk/index.html
 
Title India flu - chicken transcriptome 
Description Transcriptomes from brain, lung and ileum tissue from chicken in response to high and low path avian flu 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact Identification of genes involved in resistance/susceptibility to avian flu 
 
Title India flu - crow transcriptome 
Description Transcriptomes from brain, lung and ileum tissue from crow in response to high and low path avian flu 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact Identification of genes involved in resistance/susceptibility to avian flu 
 
Title India flu - duck transcriptome 
Description Transcriptomes from brain, lung and ileum tissue from duck in response to high and low path avian flu 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact Identification of genes involved in resistance/susceptibility to avian flu 
 
Title India flu - goose transcriptome 
Description Transcriptomes from brain, lung and ileum tissue from goose in response to high and low path avian flu 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact Identification of genes involved in resistance/susceptibility to avian flu 
 
Title India flu - pigeon transcriptome 
Description Transcriptomes from brain, lung and ileum tissue from pigeon in response to high and low path avian flu 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact Identification of genes involved in resistance/susceptibility to avian flu 
 
Title India flu - turkey transcriptome 
Description Transcriptomes from brain, lung and ileum tissue from turkey in response to high and low path avian flu 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact Identification of genes involved in resistance/susceptibility to avian flu 
 
Title PRJEB14552 
Description The MHC region contains many genes that are key regulators of both innate and adaptive immunity including the polymorphic MHCI and MHCII genes. Consequently, the characterisation of the repertoire of MHC genes is critical to understanding the variation that determines the nature of immune responses. Currently our knowledge of the bovine MHCI repertoire is limited with only the Holstein-Friesian breed having been studied in any depth. Traditional methods of MHCI genotyping are of low resolution and laborious and this has been a major impediment to a more comprehensive analysis of the MHCI repertoire of other cattle breeds. Next-generation sequencing (NGS) technologies have been used to enable high throughput and much higher resolution MHCI typing in a number of species. In this study we have developed a MiSeq platform approach and requisite bioinformatics pipeline to facilitate typing of bovine MHCI repertoires. The method was validated initially on a cohort of Holstein-Friesian animals and then demonstrated to enable characterisation of MHCI repertoires in African cattle breeds, for which there was limited or no available data. During the course of these studies we identified >140 novel classical MHCI genes and defined 62 novel MHCI haplotypes, dramatically expanding the known bovine MHCI repertoire. Construction protocol: Total RNAs were extracted from white blood cell pellets prepared form blood obtained by venepuncture using Tri-reagent (Sigma-Aldrich, Dorset) and cDNA prepared using the Reverse Transcription Kit (Promega, WI); both according to the manufacturer's protocols. PCR amplification was performed with the Phusion HF PCR kit (NEB, Herts.) using bovine MHCI primers that included Illumina sequencing primer annealing sites, multiple sample identifier tags (D501-508 and D701-712) and Illumina ligation adaptors. PCR products from ~96 animals were pooled to form a library which was then sequenced on the Illumina Miseq platform. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2016 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact These data represent a reference dataset of novel MHC alleles in cattle and may underpin research into cattle immunogenetic diversity for many years in the future 
URL https://www.ebi.ac.uk/ena/data/view/PRJEB14552
 
Title PRJEB14979 
Description Marek's Disease Virus (MDV) is a widespread alphaherpesvirus of poultry that causes Marek's disease (MD) characterised by fatal visceral CD4+ TCRaß+ T cell tumours at high incidence in susceptible hosts. As is the case with many virus-induced tumours, immortal cell lines harbouring viral genome have been generated from ex vivo cultures of MD tumours. As readily-available sources of large numbers of cells of a uniform type, MDV-transformed lymphoblastoid cell lines (LCL) have proved extremely valuable in studying virus-host interaction. While the viral genome is held in a latent state in most of the cells, a minor population of cells display spontaneous reactivation identifiable by the expression of lytic viral genes such as pp38. The process of spontaneous reactivation in these cell populations offers the opportunity for investigating the biological processes involved in the reactivation events. For this, we used two lymphoblastoid cell lines derived from lymphomas induced by pRB1B-UL47eGFP, a recombinant MDV engineered to express EGFP fused with the UL47. We used Fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS) to purify the rare EGFP-positive cell population with spontaneously activating viral genome from the majority EGFP-negative cells and analysed their gene expression profiles by RNA-sequencing using Illumina HiSeq2500. The reads generated were mapped using TopHat and gene expression levels were analysed by edgeR. Ingenuity pathway analysis software on more than 2000 differentially-expressed genes between the lytically infected (EGFP-positive) and latently infected (EGFP-negative) cell populations was used identify major biological pathways involved in the reactivation. These studies revealed that amongst others, transcripts directly involved in T activation such as CD3 complex, CD28, ICOS, phospholipase C, CD3 complex were down-regulated following reactivation of the virus in the LCL. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact These data detail the gene expression changes during spontaneous activation of MDV and will be useful to researchers investigating the mechanism of action of this important virus, as well as in vaccine design 
URL https://www.ebi.ac.uk/ena/data/view/PRJEB14979
 
Description Centre for Tropical Livestock Genetics and Health (CTLGH) 
Organisation International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI)
Country Kenya 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Research contribution to the CTLGH result framework.
Collaborator Contribution Research links and collaboration with its member partners in the UK and Africa.
Impact No output to report yet.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Centre for tropical livestock genetics and health (CTLGH) 
Organisation International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI)
Country Kenya 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Mick Watson is co-leading programme 5 (informatics and bioresources) programme of CTLGH which aims to collect data on genotype and phenotype into a central database which can subsequently be mined for useful associations. So far we have ensured that scientists have access to the latest high performance computing environment for research, we have analysed and continue to analyse hundreds of farm animal genomes from LMIC countries, and we have built the data portal (http://data.ctlgh.org)
Collaborator Contribution The partners are involved in all programmes, which include:Program 1: Harnessing genetic variability among indigenous and exotic breeds of cattle (as well as their crosses) to develop genetic and genomic tools that will be used to improve productivity under harsh tropical conditions and to mitigate the impact of cattle on climate change. Program 2: Harnessing genetic variability in tropical productivity and adaptation among various breeds of Chickens. Program 3: Development and application of precision breeding (through novel reproductive and germplasm technologies) to achieve step changes in livestock genetic improvement. Program 4: Understanding the genetic and molecular mechanisms underlying the tolerance of certain cattle and poultry breeds to tropical diseases and pests. Program 5: A shared global data and biological sample resource to support continued research and development on tropical livestock genetics and health.
Impact The data portal so far: http://data.ctlgh.org The collaboration is multi-disciplinary, bringing together geneticists, parasitologists, virologists, epidemiologists and data scientists together.
Start Year 2016
 
Description Centre for tropical livestock genetics and health (CTLGH) 
Organisation Scotland's Rural College
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Mick Watson is co-leading programme 5 (informatics and bioresources) programme of CTLGH which aims to collect data on genotype and phenotype into a central database which can subsequently be mined for useful associations. So far we have ensured that scientists have access to the latest high performance computing environment for research, we have analysed and continue to analyse hundreds of farm animal genomes from LMIC countries, and we have built the data portal (http://data.ctlgh.org)
Collaborator Contribution The partners are involved in all programmes, which include:Program 1: Harnessing genetic variability among indigenous and exotic breeds of cattle (as well as their crosses) to develop genetic and genomic tools that will be used to improve productivity under harsh tropical conditions and to mitigate the impact of cattle on climate change. Program 2: Harnessing genetic variability in tropical productivity and adaptation among various breeds of Chickens. Program 3: Development and application of precision breeding (through novel reproductive and germplasm technologies) to achieve step changes in livestock genetic improvement. Program 4: Understanding the genetic and molecular mechanisms underlying the tolerance of certain cattle and poultry breeds to tropical diseases and pests. Program 5: A shared global data and biological sample resource to support continued research and development on tropical livestock genetics and health.
Impact The data portal so far: http://data.ctlgh.org The collaboration is multi-disciplinary, bringing together geneticists, parasitologists, virologists, epidemiologists and data scientists together.
Start Year 2016
 
Description Collaboration with AB Vista 
Organisation AB Vista
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution We are researching the activity of ovodefensins, naturally-occurring egg peptides with antimicrobial properties. With BBSRC LINK funding we are exploring the activity of diverse ovodefensins from multiple avian species, dissecting their structure and mode of action, and exploring their capacity to act as growth promoters and novel therapeutics.
Collaborator Contribution AB Vista have made a substantial cash contribution to the LINK project (c. £460k) and also provide access to natural populations of broilers for feed trials using diets supplemented (or not) with Trichoderma-expressed ovodefensins. They also support analysis of the impact of such diets on intestinal microbiota and metabolites.
Impact Commercially sensitive and to be disclosed following scrutiny for Intellectual Property.
Start Year 2012
 
Description Collaboration with Boehringer Ingelheim 
Organisation Boehringer Ingelheim
Country Germany 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution The collaboration is to advance diagnostics in relation to specific bacterial infections in pigs. We are carrying out basic science investigating antigens and immune responses
Collaborator Contribution The company is providing reagents and expertise in this subject area
Impact Part-funded PhD studentship
Start Year 2017
 
Description India DBT collaboration 
Organisation Indian Council of Agricultural Research
Department National Institute of High Security Animal Diseases
Country India 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Using the tissues collected in Bhopal, we have sequenced and analysed the avian transcriptomic response to avian influenza challenge in 6 bird species (chicken, turkey, crow, goose, pigeon, duck).
Collaborator Contribution All influenza challenge experiments were carried out by the team in Bhopal, tissues collected and sent over to the UK for processing and analysis
Impact Identification of candidate genes for resistance to avian flu.
Start Year 2014
 
Description PRRS Host Genetics Consortium 
Organisation Iowa State University
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Genetic analysis of infectious disease data and mathematical modelling of PRRS infection dynamics; Contribution to experimental design of PRRS challenge and field experiments and sampling;
Collaborator Contribution Access to data; access to statistical models; scientific advice for model assumptions
Impact Joint manuscripts and publications: 1. Go N., Islam Z., Lunney J., Belloc C., Touzeau S.& Doeschl-Wilson A.B., 2017. Neutralizing antibodies prevent PRRS viremia rebound: evidence from a data-supported model of the immune response. PloS Comp. Biol. Under review 2. Lough G., Hess A., Dekkers JCM, Hess M., Kyriazakis I., Mulder H., Lunney J, Rowland BB, Doeschl-Wilson A.B. 2017. Harnessing longitudinal information to identify genetic variation in tolerance of pigs to Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome virus. Genetics Selection Evolution. Under review 3. Lough G., Rashidi H., Kyriazakis I., Dekkers JCM, Hess AS, Hess MK, Deeb N, Kause A., Lunney J, Rowland BB, Mulder H and Doeschl-Wilson A.B. 2017. Use of multi-trait and random regression models to identify genetic variation in tolerance to Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome virus. Genetics Selection Evolution, 49(1)37. 3. 4. Hess, A.S., Islam, Z., Hess, M.K., Rowland, R.R., Lunney, J.K., Doeschl-Wilson, A., Plastow, G.S. and Dekkers, J.C., 2016. Comparison of host genetic factors influencing pig response to infection with two North American isolates of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus. Genetics Selection Evolution, 48(1), p.1.18. 5. Islam Z.U., Bishop S.C., Savill N.J. , Rowland R.R.R., Lunney J.K., Trible B and Doeschl-Wilson A.B. 2013. Quantitative analysis of Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome (PRRS) viremia profiles from experimental infection: a statistical modelling approach. PLoS One, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0083567. (
Start Year 2012
 
Description Use of MHC elution to define functional parameters of bovine MHC haplotypes 
Organisation Technical University of Denmark
Country Denmark 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We provide the biological context for the studies, prepare laboratory materials for analysis and subsequent in vitro validation of the data generated by our collaborators
Collaborator Contribution The Jenner Institute perform the tandem nPLC-mass spectrometry and preliminary peptide identification. The Technical University of Denmark performs subsequent bioinformatics analysis.
Impact Publication - PMID: 29115832. Novel information on the peptide-binding motifs of bovine MHCI molecules. Preliminary data for granny submission. Collaboration to support a post-graduate Brazilian student to undertake a 9 month FAPESP-funded scholarship at the collaborating laboratories.
Start Year 2015
 
Description Use of MHC elution to define functional parameters of bovine MHC haplotypes 
Organisation University of Oxford
Department Jenner Institute
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We provide the biological context for the studies, prepare laboratory materials for analysis and subsequent in vitro validation of the data generated by our collaborators
Collaborator Contribution The Jenner Institute perform the tandem nPLC-mass spectrometry and preliminary peptide identification. The Technical University of Denmark performs subsequent bioinformatics analysis.
Impact Publication - PMID: 29115832. Novel information on the peptide-binding motifs of bovine MHCI molecules. Preliminary data for granny submission. Collaboration to support a post-graduate Brazilian student to undertake a 9 month FAPESP-funded scholarship at the collaborating laboratories.
Start Year 2015
 
Description Annual Roslin Institute Open Doors Day 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The annual Roslin Institute Open Doors day was held on 14 October 2017 and was attended by 491 people. It involved 81 members of staff and students and showcased a wide range of research arising from BBSRC strategic investment, including (but not limited to), food safety, influenza, genetic improvement, DNA, imaging and the ethical treatment of animals in research.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Annual Roslin Institute Open Doors Day 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The annual Roslin Institute Open Doors day was held on 14 October 2017 and was attended by 491 people. It involved 81 members of staff and students and showcased a wide range of research arising from BBSRC strategic investment, including (but not limited to), food safety, influenza, genetic improvement, DNA, imaging and the ethical treatment of animals in research.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description BBC Countryfile film related to the work of the Centre for Tropical Livestock Genetics & Health at Roslin 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Bill Gates was interviewed by BBC Countryfile on 26 January 2018 in relation to work funded by the Gates Foundation involving Roslin Institute scientists towards the genetic improvement of farmed animals in low- and middle-income countries. The programme aired on 11 February 2018 and reached an estimated audience in excess of 5 million. The interview took place on the same day as the launch of the Global Academy of Agriculture & Food Security, which was attended by the Secretary of State for the Department for International Development the Rt Hon Penny Mordaunt (see separate activity) and generated significant press interest, featuring on BBC Scotland news. Particular emphasis was placed on the work of Roslin scientists to understand the genetic make-up of African diary cattle and chickens and to understand how this relates to performance traits in order to guide breeding decisions.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description BBSRC-DBT Livestock Health and Disease workshop (2012), Delhi, India in Feb 2012 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact BBSRC-DBT Livestock Health and Disease workshop (2012), Delhi, India in Feb 2012

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description British society for Immunology 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Poster presentation at the British Society for Immunology, Dec 2017. Poster entitled: Precision cut lung slices: A platform for examining host-pathogen interactions in an avian model. Authors on the posters: Bryson K, Esposito M., Lamont S., Stevens M., McLaughlan G. and Vervelde L.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Edinburgh India Institute, Inaugural conference on 15-16 May 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Gave a short talk about avian influenza BBSRC-DBT project and how it came about, joint talk with our India collaborators. Edinburgh India Institute, Inaugural conference on 15-16 May 2014. John McIntyre Conference Centre, Edinburgh. Conference theme: Innovative Engagement for Sustainable Development: the Edinburgh-India Story.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Flu talk - journalists 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Presentation of our work on avian flu to a selection of Indian and Japanese journalists. Government representatives were also present. Interest in future Scottish/Indian proposals was shown.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description ISAG talk 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Talk title: Mapping QTLs affecting Marek's disease by selective DNA pooling in eight lines across 15 generations
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Introduction to the Research of the Roslin Institute - Royal Society of Biology Scottish Branch Annual Symposium 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Professor Stevens provided an overview of the research of The Roslin Institute to members of the public and the Royal Society of Biology, who convened for the annual symposium of the RSB Scottish Branch on 14 October 2017 at Roslin. The event coincided with the annual Roslin 'Open Doors' day and featured BBSRC-funded research.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Invited speaker - Avian Genetics and Immunity Symposium 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Research on Avian Genetics and Immunity (RAGI) has been established to strengthen global partnerships and links between academic researchers, students and the poultry professionals working on the genetics of avian immunity. The purpose of the symposium was to provide a forum for discussion and exchange of ideas around the single theme of exploiting available opportunities in ultimately dealing emerging and existing infectious avian diseases in poultry production systems and to safeguard food supplies and human health.
The purpose of KW talk was to overview the current situation in industry for breeding for disease resistance and introduce the NARF. The overview of NARF included a review of facilities, lines available and current work being carried out using NARF avian lines. The presentation stimulated significant discussion.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://geneticsandimmunity.com/
 
Description Invited talk at symposium 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact North American PRRS symposium. Chicago, USA, Dec 2017. Novel insights about host response to PRRS from data driven mathematical models. Invited talk.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Munster flu meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact 5th international influenza meeting. IFITM talk. Munster, Germany. Sep 2016
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Open lecture on African trypanosomes in cattle to Royal Society of Biology Scottish Branch 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Dr Liam provided an overview of his research on African trypanosomes in cattle to members of the public and the Royal Society of Biology, who convened for the annual symposium of the RSB Scottish Branch on 14 October 2017 at Roslin. The event coincided with the annual Roslin 'Open Doors' day and featured BBSRC-funded research.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description PAG 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited speaker at Plant and Animal Genome conference 2018 (San Diego, USA) 'Avian flu: the winners and the losers' - Jan 2018
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Poultry Breeders Roundtable 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact • Invited speaker at National poultry breeders roundtable meeting (St Louis, USA) - JS May 2017
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Public lecture - Inaugural Lecture of Professor Tanja Opriessnig 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Professor Opriessnig delivered her Inaugual Lecture on 'From 'circus virus' to mostly commonly used swine vaccine on 24 April 2017, relating to her BBSRC-funded research on porcine viral diseases and strategies to detect and control them. The event was attended by children from local schools, members of the public and students of the University of Edinburgh.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Public lecture entitled Confronting the Microbial Menace in Our Food'. Professor Mark Stevens 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact The inaugural lecture of Professor Mark Stevens was held on 30 October 2017 on his BBSRC-funded research to identify bacterial and host factors influencing the ability of Salmonella, Campylobacter and E. coli to colonise farm animals and cause disease. It was attended by children from local schools, members of the public, students at The Roslin Institute and wider University of Edinburgh and posted online.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017,2018
URL https://media.ed.ac.uk/media/Inaugural+lectureA+Confronting+the+microbial+menace+in+our+food/1_x5k5e...
 
Description Roslin flu meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact 'Avian flu: the winners and the losers' at Annual influenza meeting, Roslin Nov 2017
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Science Insights work experience for S5 school pupils 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact We ran our Science Insights work experience programme for local school pupils on 24-28 July 2017. 38 S5 pupils attended, 20 of whom worked in the Roslin Institute for 2 days alongside BBSRC-supported researchers from this ISP, including our core-funded staff scientists. All 38 students also had a tour of the Langhill farm and attended a presentation and debate about the use of animals in research. Students also had the opportunity to discuss career paths and what it is like to work as a research scientist.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.ed.ac.uk/roslin/working/opportunities/young-people/science-insights
 
Description Stand at the Royal Highland Show, including the BBSRC-funded Flu Fighters exhibit. 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Roslin Institute stand at the Royal Highland Show 22-25 June 2017. Approximately 25 Roslin Institute staff and students were involved. Exhibits of relevance to this ISP include the BBSRC-funded Flu Fighters exhibit, highlighting the problem of influenza and our research to combat it.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Summer course 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Armidale Animal Breeding Summer Course 2018: Mathematical modeling of infection dynamics in genetically diverse livestock populations
Teachers: Andrea Doeschl-Wilson and Osvaldo Anacleto
Dates: Monday 5 February 2018 (9am) - Thursday 8 February 2018 (4pm)
Venue: University of New England, Armidale, NSW Australia; ~40 post-graduate students, academics and industrial researcher attended the workshop in modelling. Based on the positive course evaluation, the course sparked new research in the important field of mathematical modelling of infection dynamics and genetics
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://jvanderw.une.edu.au/aabc2018.htm
 
Description TEDx Talk by Professor Helen Sang on 'Why do we need GM chickens?' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Professor Helen Sang delivered a Tedx Talk in Glasgow on 2 June 2017 on 'Why do we need GM chickens?'. The event was attended by approximately 1700 people and has been shared online with over 900 views. It highlighted the challenge of achieving global food security and the potential of BBSRC-funded research to improve poultry, including via genetic alteration. Examples for ongoing research using GM poultry in this programme were shared.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DUbqrh5otWs
 
Description The Human Body activities at a BBC-sponsored Edinburgh Festival event 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Researchers from The Roslin Institute joined colleagues from across the University's College of Medicine and Veterinary Medicine in the grounds of George Heriot's School in central Edinburgh to deliver family-friendly activities about 'The Human Body' on 15 August 2017. The event was part of a series of science-themed activities hosted by the BBC at the Edinburgh Festivals to support BBC Learning's 'Terrific Scientific' campaign, which aims to inspire children and young people to engage with science. Our staff and Ph.D students ran interactive activities about their research on lungs and skin, including inflating and examining real pig lungs, comparing healthy and diseased organs, and a chance for visitors to use their craft skills to make a model of their skin. Other activities at the event included anatomy face and body painting and a chance to see dissections of animal brains and hearts close-up. An estimated 1,400 family visitors were engaged, with great questions about our research and what it's like to work as a scientist.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.ed.ac.uk/roslin/community-engagement/public-events/events-archive/the-human-body-bbc-at-...
 
Description Visit by Bill Gates and the Secretary of State for the Department of International Development 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Bill Gates and the Secretary of State for the Department of International Development (DfID; Rt Hon Penny Mordaunt) visited The Roslin Institute on 26 January 2018. This involved separate sessions with the Gates Foundation and DfID to learn about the research undertaken by the Centre for Tropical Livestock Genetics & Health (CTLGH), in which the Roslin Institute is a major partner and researchers in the Institute Strategic Programmes are heavily involved. DfID announced £4m of funding for the CTLGH, adding to £10m already received from the Gates Foundation. In the presence of the Principal of the University of Edinburgh, Bill Gates and the Rt Hon Penny Mordaunt formally opened the Global Academy for Agriculture & Food Security which will provide undergraduate and postgraduate training in sustainable agriculture. The event took place in the new Campus Innovation Building (which received BBSRC strategic funding). The University of Edinburgh press office tracked the following activity related to the visit, in which many participants in the ISPs were involved:

• 109 individual articles and broadcast pieces that mentioned the University with regards to the visit, with an estimated potential reach of more than 7 million people.

• Of these, more than half of the coverage mentioned one of more of the Global Academy of Agriculture & Food Security, the Centre for Tropical Livestock Genetics & Health, SEBI, the Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies, Roslin or the Easter Bush Campus in addition to name checking the University.

• In addition to the UK, we also attracted press coverage in the USA, France, New Zealand, China, Zimbabwe, South Africa, Botswana, Taiwan and Egypt.

• Across social media, we reached more than 1.4 million people with 14k+ engagements (likes, shares, retweets etc). Of these, 99.8% were positive.

• The Facebook Live streaming alone reached more than 100k people. More than 18k people have watched the video.

• Our news videos have garnered more than 35k views across platforms.

• We tracked a spike in traffic to the Global Academy website on the day of the visit - 1405 visits (11 times the average for the previous month).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description WGALP talk 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Talk entitled 'QTLs mapped by selective DNA pooling explain substantial proportion of phenotypic and genetic variation in MD mortality in chicken layer lines' presented at WGALP in Auckland, Feb 2018
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018