Genetic mechanisms underlying wheat QTL for important agronomic traits

Lead Research Organisation: John Innes Centre
Department Name: Contracts Office

Abstract

The study of quantitative variation is of special interest to agricultural scientists since it tries to explain the variation and inheritance of many of the most important traits related to food and fibre production (e.g. yield, nutritional value, etc). These traits are characterised by their large environmental dependency and the multiple genes controlling them (known as quantitative trait loci (QTL)). The genetic architecture of QTL has been extensively described in the last decade with the publication of thousands of QTL studies. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying these traits are not well understood since there are a limited number of plant QTL in which the gene underlying the trait has been cloned.

Our work seeks to identify genes underlying wheat QTL with significant agronomic impact and facilitate their effective deployment into modern breeding varieties. Using map-based cloning we have been able to identify genes that determine QTL for complex traits such as senescence and grain nutrient content as well as broad-spectrum resistance to stripe rust. In addition we have developed TILLING populations in wheat as reverse genetics resources that will enable researchers to pursue wheat functional genomics and provide novel allelic diversity for wheat improvement.

Our long-term goal is to reduce the threshold for gene cloning in this polyploidy species and provide a pipeline for the identification of genes for wheat breeders.

We are currently using molecular genetics approaches to identify the genes responsible for key yield QTLs in UK wheat Germplasm; develop genetic resources to enable effective translational research from model systems to crop species and enhance the pipeline to translate this new knowledge into improved wheat varieties for growers, industry and consumers. As part of this effort, I am a member of the alliance between the John Innes Centre and NIAB for pre-competitive germplasm improvement.

Publications

10 25 50
 
Description We have identified two regions in the wheat genome which increase yield in bread wheat. We have fine mapped the effects to very small genetic intervals and have shown that they affect yield through changes in grain size parameters. One gene increases grain width, whereas the second gene affects grain length. Their action is synergistic and we are now combining them in several different UK varieties.

We have shown that a mutation in a candidate gene from rice increases thousand grain weight by >6% in both pasta and durum wheat. This effect is driven by both increases in grain length and width. We have generated a SNP-based marker for this mutation and have shared advanced pre-breeding material with breeders who have now started to incorporate this mutation in their breeding lines. We have also started crosses to the most advanced CIMMYT germplasm to ensure that the impact is global.
Exploitation Route Several companies are now taking forward these advanced through marker assisted breeding.
Sectors Agriculture, Food and Drink

 
Description We have identified two regions in the wheat genome which increase thousand grain weight and yield in UK germplasm. We have fine mapped both to small intervals and have developed tightly linked genetic markers which are being used by breeders to assess these regions in their commercial varieties. We have identifies an EMS-mutant that increases grain size in wheat. We have generated a SNP-based marker and shared this germplasm with several commercial breeding companies who have initiated crosses to their elite varieties. Additional mutants have been generated and have been shared with UK and CIMMYT breeders.
First Year Of Impact 2013
Sector Agriculture, Food and Drink
Impact Types Societal,Economic

 
Description Bioinformatics Community of Practice (Eight-month training at BecA)
Geographic Reach Africa 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact Bioinformatics Community of Practice (Eight-month training at BecA)
URL https://acaciaafrica.org/bioinformatics-community-practice/
 
Description Bioinformatics Training Workshop pre-Monogram
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact Bioinformatics Traning Workshop pre-Monogram
 
Description Bioinformatics for Plant Biology Course 2018
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact Bioinformatics for Plant Biology Course 2018
 
Description PhD lecture on Wheat genomics to Catholic University in Chile
Geographic Reach South America 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact PhD lecture on Wheat genomics
 
Description Three modules in Cambridge Plant Science undergraduate course
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact Three modules in Cambridge Plant Science undergraduate course
 
Description UK Global Food Security Science Advisory Board
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
URL https://www.foodsecurity.ac.uk/
 
Description Undergraduate course UEA MSc
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact Undergraduate course UEA MSc
 
Description Workshop on Soft Skills, BGRI Meeting
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact Workshop on Soft Skills, BGRI Meeting
 
Description International Wheat Yield Partnership
Amount £1,500,000 (GBP)
Organisation Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 06/2018 
End 05/2021
 
Description International Wheat Yield Partnership
Amount £1,000,000 (GBP)
Organisation Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2016 
End 12/2018
 
Description Responsive Mode
Amount £500,000 (GBP)
Funding ID BB/P019072/1 
Organisation Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 11/2017 
End 10/2020
 
Description Strategic Training Award for Research Skills
Amount £100,000 (GBP)
Organisation Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 02/2018 
End 02/2020
 
Title PolyMarker 
Description Update on Primer design for polyploid species 
Type Of Material Computer model/algorithm 
Year Produced 2019 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact New biology 
URL http://bar.utoronto.ca/efp_wheat/cgi-bin/efpWeb.cgi
 
Title Wheat Expression 
Description The majority of RNA-seq expression studies in plants remain underutilised and inaccessible due to the use of disparate transcriptome references and the lack of skills and resources to analyse and visualise this data. We have developed expVIP, an expression Visualisation and Integration Platform, which allows easy analysis of RNA-seq data combined with an intuitive and interactive interface. Users can analyse public and user-specified datasets with minimal bioinformatics knowledge using the expVIP virtual machine. This generates a custom web browser to visualise, sort and filter the RNA-seq data and provides outputs for differential gene expression analysis. We demonstrate expVIP's suitability for polyploid crops and evaluate its performance across a range of biologically-relevant scenarios. To exemplify its use in crop research we developed a flexible wheat expression browser (www.wheat-expression.com) which can be expanded with user-generated data in a local virtual machine environment. The open-access expVIP platform will facilitate the analysis of gene expression data from a wide variety of species by enabling the easy integration, visualisation and comparison of RNA-seq data across experiments. 
Type Of Material Computer model/algorithm 
Year Produced 2016 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact This database provides open access to over 400 RNAseq studies in wheat and the underlying algorithms are all available to adapt to any species with a reference genome. Over 11,000 sessions from >5,000 and >50,000 pageviews 
URL http://www.wheat-expression.com
 
Title Wheat TILLING 
Description This resource consists of TILLING populations developed in tetraploid durum wheat cv 'Kronos' and hexaploid bread wheat cv 'Cadenza' as part of a joint project between the University of California Davis, Rothamsted Research, The Earlham Institute, and John Innes Centre. We have re-sequenced the exome of 1,535 Kronos and 1,200 Cadenza mutants using Illumina next-generation sequencing, aligned this raw data to the IWGSC Chinese Spring chromosome arm survey sequence, identified mutations, and predicted their effects based on the protein annotation available at Ensembl Plants. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2016 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Over 5000 access 
URL http://www.wheat-tilling.com/
 
Title Wheat TILLING in EnsemblPlants 
Description Update of sequenced mutants and coordination with ensemblPlants 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact over 7000 mutants distributed from over 300 orders 
URL http://plants.ensembl.org/Triticum_aestivum/Info/Index
 
Title Wheat Training 
Description This website provides background information and practical resources to help both budding wheat scientists as well as researchers looking to expand their work into wheat. There is a need to improve crops to feed the world's growing population with the backdrop of climate change. Translation of fundamental plant biology research (e.g. from Arabidopsis thaliana) into crops such as wheat provides a potential route to deal with this challenge. However learning even simple tasks such as growing and crossing wheat plants requires time and effort, while material and methods sections in published articles are often short and cannot substitute teaching aids. This is also true for more complex topics such as the genomics aspect of wheat. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2016 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact >4,500 sessions from >2,700 users 
URL http://www.wheat-training.com/
 
Title Wheat Training 
Description Wheat Training website to help new researchers engage with wheat 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact http://www.wheat-training.com/ 
URL http://www.wheat-training.com/
 
Title eFP expression browser 
Description Expression browser for wheat data 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact New biology 
URL http://bar.utoronto.ca/efp_wheat/cgi-bin/efpWeb.cgi
 
Description Bayer 
Organisation Bayer
Department Bayer CropScience Ltd
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Wheat genetics and genomics
Collaborator Contribution Wheat breeding and molecular knowledge
Impact joint projects
Start Year 2012
 
Description KWS 
Organisation KWS UK
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Genetics and genomics
Collaborator Contribution Breeder know how and germplasm
Impact joint projects
Start Year 2009
 
Description Limagrain 
Organisation Limagrain
Country France 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Genetics and genomics
Collaborator Contribution Germplasm and breeder know-how
Impact Phd Studentship, field trails, among others
Start Year 2009
 
Description Punjab Agricultural University 
Organisation Punjab Aricultural University
Country India 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Know how on wheat genomics and genetics, training.
Collaborator Contribution Gernplasm, local knowledge
Impact Have helped partners implement marker technology.
Start Year 2011
 
Description RAGT 
Organisation RAGT Seeds
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Learned Society 
PI Contribution Genetics and genomics
Collaborator Contribution Wheat germplasm and know how
Impact Shared projects
Start Year 2009
 
Description Syngenta 
Organisation Syngenta International AG
Country Global 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Have shared germplasm for use in their breeding programmes.
Collaborator Contribution Have taken up JIC IP to use in their breeding operations.
Impact This has just started.
Start Year 2017
 
Title Expression Browser in wheat 
Description Expression browser for wheat gene expression data 
Type Of Technology Webtool/Application 
Year Produced 2018 
Open Source License? Yes  
Impact New biology 
URL http://www.wheat-expression.com/
 
Description ABC (Spain) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Descifrado el genoma del trigo, el cereal más cultivado del planeta
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://abci-descifrado-genoma-trigo-cereal-mas-cultivado-planeta-201808162031_noticia.html
 
Description Agricultural Industries Confederation 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Agribusiness Meeting: A step change in plant breeding to achieve a UK competitive advantage
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Australian, UK scientists solve 30-year wheat rust genetics puzzle 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Australian, UK scientists solve 30-year wheat rust genetics puzzle
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-08/uos-aus082418.php
 
Description BBC News 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Wheat gene map to help feed the world
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-45173968
 
Description BBC World 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact BBC World: wheat genome (Pallab Ghosh)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description BBSRC Food Priming Partnership Workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact BBSRC Food Priming Partnership Workshop
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Borlaug Dialogue 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Supporters
Results and Impact Bolaug Dialogue
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description CPM Magazine 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact CPM Magazine interview on wheat genome and genetics
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.cpm-magazine.co.uk/2018/08/21/genetics-hope-future-wheat/#
 
Description Cibus 2018, Salone internazionale dell'alimentazione 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Cibus 2018, Salone internazionale dell'alimentazione
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description DBT-BBSRC Smart Agriculture Conclave 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact DBT-BBSRC Smart Agriculture Conclave
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Daily Mail Online 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Genetic make-up of wheat has been decoded for the first time: Scientists say it could lead to low allergy varieties and crops that need less water
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-6068177/Genetic-make-wheat-decoded-time.html
 
Description Discussion Norman Lamb, MP 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Discussion Norman Lamb, MP
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Discussion with Gov Office Science 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Discussion with Gov Office Science
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Discussions with Syngenta 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Discussions on collaborations
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Eastern Daily Press 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact How Norwich scientists' wheat DNA breakthrough could help feed the world
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.edp24.co.uk/business/farming/john-innes-centre-norwich-wheat-genome-1-5655948
 
Description El Confidencial (Spain) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact El pan del futuro ya está aquí: científicos secuencian los 107.891 genes del trigo
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.elconfidencial.com/tecnologia/ciencia/2018-08-16/secuencian-genoma-trigo-pan-futuro_1604...
 
Description El Mundo (Spain) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact El genoma del trigo harinero ayudará a crear variedades más resistentes
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.elmundo.es/ciencia-y-salud/ciencia/2018/08/16/5b75ab13468aeb3d7e8b458b.html
 
Description El Pais (Spain) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact El genoma del alimento que da a la humanidad una de cada cinco calorías
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://elpais.com/elpais/2018/08/16/ciencia/1534414224_631189.html
 
Description FSOV-Paris 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Meeting with French breeders to discuss FSOV activities
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016,2017,2018
 
Description Farmers Weekly 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Scientists apply for GM wheat and Crispr brassica field trials
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.fwi.co.uk/arable/scientists-apply-for-gm-wheat-and-crispr-brassica-field-trials
 
Description Garnet York 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Garnet York 2018
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Gatbsy Plant Science Students 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Can wheat genomics help alleviate food insecurity?
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Genoma completo del trigo augura mayor rendimiento y seguridad alimentaria al mundo 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Genoma completo del trigo augura mayor rendimiento y seguridad alimentaria al mundo
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.economiaynegocios.cl/noticias/noticias.asp?id=496697
 
Description Italian Society of Genetics (SIGA) and Plant Biology (SIBV) Joint meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Keynote at PISA
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description JIC Annual Science Meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact JIC Annual Science Meeting
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description JIC Open day 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact JIC Open Day
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description JIC Science Innovation Showcase 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Talk at JIC Science Innovation Showcase with over 100 industry representatives
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Keynote: Canadian Wheat Symposium 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Canadian Wheat Symposium
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Keynote: From Seed to Pasta III 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact From Seed to Pasta III
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description MSc Domestication 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact MSc course on Domestication
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Monogram Bioinformatics Workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Monogram Bioinformatics Workshop
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Oxford Farming Conference talk 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Oxford Farming Conference talk
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mp0QJDivWgA
 
Description Penny Mordaunt, Secretary of State for International Development. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Penny Mordaunt, Secretary of State for International Development.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Pint of Science 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Norwich Science Festival
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Previously grainy wheat genome comes into focus 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Previously grainy wheat genome comes into focus
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.jic.ac.uk/news-and-events/news/2018/08/wheat-genome-focus/
 
Description Rachel Lambert, Senior Livelihoods Adviser, Agriculture Research DFID 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Rachel Lambert, Senior Livelihoods Adviser, Agriculture Research DFID
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Radio Cardiff 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Radio interview for genome paper: Radio Cardiff
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.mixcloud.com/pythagoras_trousers/pythagoras-trousers-episode-421-mapping-the-wheat-genom...
 
Description Radio Extramadura (Spain) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Interview in spanish regarding wheat genome sequence
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.canalextremadura.es/alacarta/radio/audios/principio-de-incertidumbre-la-secuenciacion-del...
 
Description Redburn 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Talk at Redburn investment bank
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Science 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Wheat's complex genome finally deciphered, offering hope for better harvests and nonallergenic varieties
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2018/08/wheat-s-complex-genome-finally-deciphered-offering-hope-bette...
 
Description Science and Faith 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Is it ethical to oppose modern plant breeding technologies
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Spiegel Online 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Researchers crack wheat puzzles - and hope for fewer hunger victims
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.spiegel.de/wissenschaft/natur/weizen-forscher-entschluesseln-genom-und-wollen-hunger-eind...
 
Description Talk Aarhus 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Talk at Aarhus University
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description The Atlantic 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Scientists Finally Crack Wheat's Absurdly Complex Genome
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2018/08/wheat-genome-is-best-thing-since-sliced-bread/56...
 
Description The Economist 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Revealing the wheat genome could lead to hypoallergenic bread
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.economist.com/science-and-technology/2018/08/18/revealing-the-wheat-genome-could-lead-to...
 
Description The Guardian 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Scientists sequence wheat genome in breakthrough once thought 'impossible'
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.theguardian.com/science/2018/aug/16/scientists-sequence-wheat-genome-in-breakthrough-onc...
 
Description Training in "Bioinformatics to advance wheat breeding" 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Training in "Bioinformatics to advance wheat breeding"
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Wired Magazine 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact AFTER 13 YEARS, SCIENTISTS FINALLY MAP THE MASSIVE WHEAT GENOME
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.wired.com/story/after-13-years-scientists-finally-map-the-massive-wheat-genome/
 
Description podcast Wheat Genome 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Dewing Grain podcast Wheat Genome
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.dewinggrain.co.uk/podcast-item/?id=34
 
Description • EPSO-EC Conference at EXPO Milano 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact EU meeting on new breeding technologies
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015