Susceptibility

Lead Research Organisation: John Innes Centre
Department Name: Contracts Office

Abstract

Plant recognition and response processes are modulated so that plants become susceptible to colonisation. To promote colonisation, pathogens and pests produce virulence factors, called effectors, which interact with specific plant targets to re-programme plant pathways, a process referred to as effector-triggered susceptibility. Effectors include proteins, mimics of plant hormones and non-proteinaceous toxins28. Some effectors induce dramatic developmental changes in plants, such as pustules, galls and witch’s brooms that provide a local habitat for the pests or pathogens and that promote their dispersal. In other cases, particularly in beneficial symbiotic associations, signal exchange between the microbe and the plant activates developmental processes that facilitate colonisation of the host plant. With the knowledge that we have already generated on effectors, their targets and associated signalling processes, we are in a unique position to investigate the specificities of effector-target interactions and the signalling pathways activated to regulate downstream processes that eventually promote plant colonisation.

Research on effectors has not only led to a better understanding of the biology of colonisers, but has also uncovered important plant processes. For example, effectors led to the discovery of plant factors that mediate cell identity and cell division31-34, identification of plant transcription factors with dual roles in plant development and plant defence responses and the elucidation of novel components of intra- and intercellular trafficking processes. We will investigate the functions of these plant factors targeted by effectors and use this new knowledge to manipulate the balance between defence responses and yield, resistance to necrotrophic versus biotrophic pathogens, and responses to harmful versus beneficial organisms.

We have shown that a wide range of factors have major impacts on the outcome of plant-biotic interactions. For example, higher temperatures can increase susceptibility to pathogens and affect interactions with beneficial non-symbiotic diazotrophic soil bacteria. In addition, soil Pseudomonas spp. modulate plant defence responses that directly and indirectly affect plant interactions with pathogens, pests and symbionts and plant growth. However, it is not clear how signals from the environment ultimately define the outcome of plant-biotic interactions. Uncovering these mechanisms will be important for understanding how alterations in the environment, such as climate change, will impact on susceptibility to plant pathogens and pests and the ability of plants to establish interactions with symbionts.

Publications

10 25 50
 
Description We have been successful in stably expressing the putative nodule-specific iron transporters for functional studies. The results will improve understanding of the trade-off between disease resistance and mycorrhization in sustainable agriculture. Three Mlo homologues induced by mycorrhiza in barley have been identified. Functional tests to investigate their role in mycorrhization are in progress. We have demonstrated that electron transport components from plant organelles can functionally replace their electron transfer counterparts in bacteria to support nitrogenase activity. This may simplify our synthetic biology approach to engineer nitrogen fixation in plants, since endogenous electron transport chains present in plant organelles can function to transfer electrons to nitrogenase. We used the geminivirus C4 protein (effector) to identify that the host receptor-like kinases BAM1 and BAM2 mediate the cell-to-cell transport of small RNAs. The C4 protein targets these receptors at plasmodesmata during an infection and interferes with the movement of siRNAs, thus supressing host defence against the virus. We have identified new plant targets for several phytoplasma and aphid effectors and validated some via in planta studies.
Exploitation Route Some of the research findings has been shared with colleagues at industry who have taken the findings forward to generate applications. Undergraduate and MSc students have been engaged in the research and have pursued careers in science.
Sectors Agriculture, Food and Drink,Education,Environment

 
Description Discussions with industry have been initiated about potential collaborative research projects on brassica pathology. An industrial iCASE PhD project on resistance to downy mildew in Brassica oleracea has been initiated. A joint PhD industrial iCASE project with Jacob Malone on beneficial Pseudomonas interactions in barley has been initiated. We have had contact with Novozymes who are interested in our iron-sensing symbiotic bacteria, but nothing has progressed. We have been able to renew our collaboration on aphids with Syngenta via a BBSRC-IPA project (starts Apr '18). We have several visits of colleagues from SESVanderHave to JIC and the Hogenhout team (project leader, research assistent, postdoctoral research and PhD student) visited the SESVanderHave headquarters to discuss research progress on aphid BBSRC-LINK grant; this research has progress well and already generated useful data for SESVanderHave.
First Year Of Impact 2017
Sector Agriculture, Food and Drink,Education,Environment
Impact Types Cultural,Economic

 
Description AHDB
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
 
Description Food safety
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
 
Description UK-Canada Agrifood workshop
Geographic Reach North America 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a national consultation
Impact A research framework document for joint UK-Canada research projects was established for the Agrifood sector. This will result in joint funding opportunities and engagement with stakeholders. Additionally, a reciprocal workshop in Canada is currently being planned
 
Description BBSRC-IPA grant
Amount £1,316,000 (GBP)
Organisation Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2018 
End 03/2021
 
Description Future Leader Fellowship awarded to Thomas Mathers
Amount £317,000 (GBP)
Organisation Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2018 
End 04/2021
 
Description Innovate UK Industrial Research grant
Amount £176,438 (GBP)
Funding ID 6921 
Organisation Innovate UK 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2018 
End 03/2019
 
Description The Royal Society Kohn Fellowship awarded to Adi Kliot
Amount £65,000 (GBP)
Organisation The Royal Society 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2016 
End 10/2018
 
Description Zespri PhD Studentship
Amount $157,934 (NZD)
Organisation Zespri Group Limited 
Start 07/2018 
End 06/2021
 
Title Integrated analysis of global genetic datasets 
Description Reductive analysis of individual signalling pathways is inherently limited in its ability to fully explain the implications of e.g. environmental change on the global regulatory network of microorganisms. In order to enable a deeper understanding of these complex signalling networks we have developed a bioinformatic pipeline that enables the simultaneous consideration of several regulatory layers, at the whole-cell scale. Using the Hfq transcriptional/translational regulatory network in the model bacterium Pseudomonas fluorescens as a test case, we used extensive 'omic-analyses to assess how hfq deletion affects mRNA abundance, translation and protein abundance. The subsequent, multi-level integration of these datasets enabled us to highlight discrete contributions by Hfq to gene regulation at different regulatory levels. This integrative approach to global signalling may be used to dissect individual signalling networks, or to understand how bacterial cells adapt to changes in their environments to a far greater resolution than is available using conventional molecular microbiology or individual 'omic analyses. 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact This analytical approach has been published (Analyzing the Complex Regulatory Landscape of Hfq-an Integrative, Multi-Omics Approach, L Grenga, G Chandra, G Saalbach, CV Galmozzi, G Kramer, JG Malone, Frontiers in microbiology 8, 1784), and is currently being adapted to examine the RimABK pathway, which forms the main focus of this project. This follow-on work will be published in 2018. 
URL https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fmicb.2017.01784/full
 
Title The RenSeq method 
Description Sequence capture of R genes (RenSeq) is being broadly applied across multiple plant species to expand knowledge of plant immune repertoires 
Type Of Material Technology assay or reagent 
Year Produced 2013 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Many genes that confer stem rust resistance in wheat have been cloned using this method 
 
Description Aphid 
Organisation International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology (ICIPE)
Country Kenya 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution We sequenced and assembled the genome of the banana aphid, which is a big pest on banana in Kenya.
Collaborator Contribution The ICIPE partners provided banana aphid samples for sequencing.
Impact Genome sequences of banana aphid and other aphid species will be compared. There is an agreement of how to write this up for a publication.
Start Year 2017
 
Description BASF 
Organisation BASF
Country Germany 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Knowledge on pathways involved in resistance and susceptibility to Fusarium head blight (FHB). Knowledge on the use of model plant species to study FHB
Collaborator Contribution Knowledge on fungicide testing systems and high through put phenotyping
Impact Two iCASE studentships
Start Year 2016
 
Description Conservation agriculture collaboration 
Organisation Shimpling Park Farm
PI Contribution We visited Shimpling Park Farms to see how conservation agriculture practises were being used to add value to farming
Collaborator Contribution Owner of Shimpling Park Farms contributed to the development of a subsequent workshop on Conservation Agriculture
Impact A workshop was held at the John Innes Centre involving farmers and researchers, including scientists from the USA
Start Year 2017
 
Description Formal Research collaboration - Rafael Rivilla, Marta Martin and Jacob Malone 
Organisation Autonomous University of Madrid
Country Spain 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution My research group has provided technical advice and support for the biochemistry of cyclic-di-GMP signalling analysis in Pseudomonas, including protein-nucleotide binding assays, ITC, nucleotide quantificaiton by LC/MS. We have hosted two researchers for summer visits to JIC
Collaborator Contribution My research partners are conducting molecular microbiology experiments into Pseudomonas fluorescens plant colonisation, that are informed by the biochemistry from my lab.
Impact One paper has been published so far from this collaboration: Muriel C., Arrebola E., Redondo-Nieto M., Martínez-Granero F., Jalvo B., Pfeilmeier S., Blanco-Romero E., Baena I., Malone J. G., Rivilla R., Martín M. (2018) AmrZ is a major determinant of c-di-GMP levels in Pseudomonas fluorescens F113. Scientific reports 8 p1979
Start Year 2015
 
Description Formal collaboration with Sita Ghmire and Chris Jones (BecA, Nairobi, Kenya) 
Organisation International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI)
Country Kenya 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution We provide information on phytoplasma effectors and how they interact with plant targets. This will help the identification of resistance in Napier grass and other crops susceptible to phytoplasmas.
Collaborator Contribution The BecA team provided information on Napier grass germ plasm and genomics resources that will be mined for phytoplasma effector targets and polymorphisms in these targets that lead to insusceptibility to phytoplasma effectors.
Impact Two members of the Hogenhout group (a research assistant and PhD student) have visited BecA and ICIPE for several days. They joined a symposium and presented talks about their researcj in this symposium. They exchanged knowledge and resources.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Formal research collaboration with Abdullah Al-Sadi, Sultan Qaboos University, Muscat, Oman. 
Organisation Sultan Qaboos University
Department Department of Crop Sciences
Country Oman 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Provided intellectual input into investigating an important pathogen of lime trees in Oman, and hosted Ali Al-Subhi, PhD student at Sultan Qaboos University, to conduct molecular research on the pathogen for 6 months in 2015/2016 and 3 months in 2017.
Collaborator Contribution Provided funding for research conducted by the visiting PhD student and hosted me to visit phytoplasma-infected lime orchards and vegetable farms in Oman.
Impact Co-authored scientific publications, including Al-Subhi et al., 2017. BMC Microbiol. 17: 221.
Start Year 2014
 
Description Formal research collaboration with Chih-Horng Kuo, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan 
Organisation Academia Sinica
Department Institute of Plant and Microbial Biology
Country Taiwan, Province of China 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution I provided intellectual input into the development of the research question, approaches and methodology. My team provided knowledge about the biology of the organisms, collected biological material, extracted DNA and generated raw reads of genome sequence data.
Collaborator Contribution The partner assembled the genome reads into contigs and annotated the genomes.
Impact Several co-authored publications, for example: Orlovskis et al., 2017. Ann Bot. 119: 869-884.
Start Year 2014
 
Description Formal research collaboration with Cock van Oosterhout, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK 
Organisation University of East Anglia
Department School of Environmental Sciences UEA
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Our time provides knowledge, resources and materials for the insect-plant interaction research system.
Collaborator Contribution The Van Oosterhout team provides knowledge on evolutionary biology and population genetics.
Impact We obtained two BBSRC-IPA collaborative grants with Syngenta. We co-supervise postdoctoral researchers and PhD students. We are co-authors on Mathers et al., 2017. Genome Biology, and a paper that is being submitted this month. We assisted postdoctoral researcher Thomas Mathers with the writing of a Future leader fellowship application, which was succesful (starts Apr 2018).
Start Year 2013
 
Description Formal research collaboration with David Swarbreck, Earlham Institute, Norwich, UK 
Organisation Earlham Institute
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Our time provides knowledge, resources and materials for the insect-plant interaction research system.
Collaborator Contribution The Swarbreck team provides knowledge on bioinformatics and genomics, including genome and transcriptome assembly pipelines and genome annotations.
Impact We obtained two BBSRC-IPA collaborative grants with Syngenta. We co-supervise postdoctoral researchers and PhD students. We are co-authors on Mathers et al., 2017. Genome Biology, and a paper that is being submitted this month. We assisted postdoctoral researcher Thomas Mathers with the writing of a Future leader fellowship application, which was succesful (starts Apr 2018).
Start Year 2010
 
Description Formal research collaboration with Henryk Pospieszny, Institute of Plant Protection, Poznan, Poland 
Organisation Institute of Plant Protection, National Research Institute
Country Poland 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution My lab hosted Agnieszka Zwolinska, a PhD student at the Institute of Plant Protection, Oct 2016 - Mar 2017. Agnieszka conducted work on the HFSP collaborative project.
Collaborator Contribution The team in Poznan collects plant and insect samples in northern and southern regions of Poland for the HFSP project; the samples are assayed for the presence of phytoplasma strains and effector genes.
Impact We wrote a HFSP project proposal together that was funded. We hold regular Skype meetings (in average, once in the 6 weeks) to discuss progress and results.
Start Year 2014
 
Description Formal research collaboration with Joao Spotti-Lopes, University of Sao Paolo - College of Agriculture (ESALQ) 
Organisation University of Sao Paulo
Department College of Agriculture
Country Brazil 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Provided intellectual input into development of a collaborative research proposal, expertise in specific research methodologies and trained staff in molecular biology methods. Members of the partner team visited my team to gain experience with molecular biology techniques and discuss project progress. These included: - Visit of JSL to Hogenhout lab, 11-18 Sep. 2013. - Visit of JSL to Hogenhout lab, 20-24 Oct. 2014. - Visit of postdoctoral researcher Maria Cristina Canale from JSL lab, March - Dec, 2014.
Collaborator Contribution Provided intellectual input into development of a collaborative research proposal, expertise in specific research methodologies and trained and hosted staff for conducting field-based experiments. Members of my team visited the partner lab for field trips and collection of MBSP isolates and leafhoppers from infected maize fields. These included: - Field trip and processing of samples in Brazil of a PhD student in my team, 18 May - 8 June, 2013. - Visit of Hogenhout to partner lab, 28-31 Oct, 2013. - Field trip and processing of samples in Brazil, 6-21 June, 2014. - Visit and processing of samples in Brazil, 19-23 Oct, 2015.
Impact We published several papers together, e.g. Orlovskis et al., 2017. Ann. Bot. 119: 869-884, and are working on a few other manuscripts.
Start Year 2013
 
Description Formal research collaboration with Lan-Qin Xia and Ju-Lian Chen, CAAS, Beijing, China 
Organisation Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences
Country China 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution My group provides aphid genomics information to the project.
Collaborator Contribution CAAS contributed aphid samples and transgenic wheat to achieve plant-mediated RNAi of aphids to the project
Impact We sequenced the genomes of many wheat-colonizing aphid species. The genomes have been assembled. Annotation pipeline for the genomes is under construction.
Start Year 2016
 
Description Formal research collaboration with Oxitec 
Organisation Oxitec Ltd
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution My group provides knowledge, data and resources on whiteflies and other hemipteran insects.
Collaborator Contribution Oxitec provides information on insect transformation technologies and design of transformation plasmids.
Impact Obtained a iCASE PhD student fellowship. Hired PhD student Rebecca Corkill. Rebecca is making good progress with the project.
Start Year 2015
 
Description Formal research collaboration with Richard Immink, Wageningen University and Research Centre, The Netherlands 
Organisation University of Wageningen
Department Department of Plant Sciences
Country New Zealand 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We provided knowledge on phytoplasma virulence proteins that interfere with plant development and involved the Wageningen team into a interdisciplinary project proposal that received funding from HFSP.
Collaborator Contribution The Wageningen team provided expertise on plant transcription factors targeted by phytoplasma effectors and helped us with interpretation of the plant developmental phenotypes. They are co-investigators on our HFSP grant.
Impact We received funding for a HFSP research project. We co-published a paper: MacLean et al., 2014. PLoS Biol. 12(4):e1001835. We co-supervise postdoctoral researchers. We hold regular Skype meetings (in average once per 6 months) for the past 3 years.
Start Year 2014
 
Description Formal research collaboration with Russel Groves, University of Wisconsin, Madison, USA 
Organisation University of Wisconsin-Madison
Department Department of Entomology
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We involved the University of Wisconsin team into a HFSP research proposal that got funded.
Collaborator Contribution The University of Wisconsin team collects phytoplasma-infected plant and leafhopper samples from all over the USA for the HFSP-funded project.
Impact We received funding for collaborative HFSP project. We hold regular progress meeting (in average once/6 weeks). We co-supervise postdoctoral researchers and PhD students. We are writing up a manuscript.
Start Year 2014
 
Description Formal research collaboration with SESVanderHave 
Organisation Sesvanderhave
Country Belgium 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution My research group has provided advise on strategies to obtain aphid resistant sugar beet, exchanged knowledge on research progress in plant-insect interactions of the lab, and wrote BBRSC-LINK award to fund research.
Collaborator Contribution SESVanderHave provides access to sugar beet breeding lines, genome sequence resources for these lines and insecticide-free field sites for collection of aphid populations in UK and Europe. They also funded a postdoctoral researcher in my group for one year, contributed 50% in-kind funds for the BBSRC-LINK award and funds a iCASE studentship in my group. PhD student Roland Wouters was recruited for the iCASE project. Roland is making good progress.
Impact Generated knowledge on plant-insect interactions. Organized visits of the SESVanderHave team to JIC (two times per year) and my group at JIC to SESVanderHave headquarters in Tienen, Belgium (two times per year). Organized regular Skype calls to discuss research progress and ideas for future research.
Start Year 2013
 
Description Formal research collaboration with Syngenta 
Organisation Syngenta International AG
Department Syngenta Ltd (Bracknell)
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Provide information about aphid biology and genomics, and mechanisms involved in aphid adjustment to diverse plant species and pesticides.
Collaborator Contribution Contributed 10% cash towards two BBSRC-IPA projects (2014-2017; 2017-2020) and advised on how to conduct pesticide applications. Provided aphid clones for sequencing and analyses.
Impact Made progress with understanding processes involved in aphid adjustments to plants and pesticides. This collaboration resulted in a publication: Mathers, Chen et al., 2017. Genome Biol. 18: 27. As well, the collaboration was renewed with follow-up funding, that is a BBSRC-IPA grant commencing April 2018. Held regular meetings to discuss progress, including visits of my group to Syngenta and collagues of Syngenta to JIC, and Skype and phone conference meetings.
Start Year 2014
 
Description Formal research collaboration with Tracey Chapman, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK 
Organisation University of East Anglia
Department School of Biological Sciences UEA
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution I am secondary supervisor on a Oxitec co-funded iCASE PhD studentship of Tracey.
Collaborator Contribution Tracey is secondary supervisor on a Oxitec co-funded iCASE PhD studentship of my group.
Impact We exchange knowledge about insect pests. We will start holding monthly journal club meetings starting Apr 2018. DIscussions to apply for research funding together are ongoing. We discuss research on the identification of sex-determination genes accross hemipteran insect species.
Start Year 2015
 
Description Formal research collaboration with Yongping Huang, SIPPE, CAS, Shanghai, China 
Organisation Chinese Academy of Sciences
Department Shanghai Institute of Plant Physiology and Ecology
Country China 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution My group provides knowledge, resources and materials, and (genome/gene) sequence information of various species of aphids.
Collaborator Contribution Huang's group provides information on insect transformation methods, insect sex determination genes, baculovirus and insect cell-based expression systems.
Impact We excnahed visits and attended (CEPAMS) meetings to discuss research progress. Qun Liu, Yazhou Chen and Weijie Huang, former postdoctoral researchers and PhD students at SIPPE, are currently postdoctoral researchers in the Hogenhout group.
Start Year 2014
 
Description Limagrain wheat blast 
Organisation Limagrain
Country France 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution knowledge on genetics of wheat blast resistance
Collaborator Contribution germplasm
Impact iCASE studentship funded
Start Year 2017
 
Description Partnership award with Matthew Baylis, University of Liverpool, UK. 
Organisation University of Liverpool
Department School of Veterinary Science Liverpool
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Provide information on vector-borne diseases of plants.
Collaborator Contribution Provide information of vector-borne diseases of humans and animals.
Impact We won a US Partnering Award: Vector-borne diseases in the UK & US: common threats and shared solutions" [Matthew Baylis, PI (PI, University of Liverpool), Saskia Hogenhout (co-PI, JIC) and Simon Carpenter (co-PI, The Pirbright Institute)] BBSRC £50k, and co-organized visits of US colleagues to the UK (Dec 2016) and UK group members to the University of California, Davis (Oct 2017). We applied for a GCRF VBD network grant (£4M) together; the pre-proposal for this was selected for submission of a full proposal, and we were invited for an interview with BBSRC based on our full proposal submission. The proposal was ranked 5th out 12 proposals, and only the top 3 were funded. Finally, we are co-organizing Vector-Borne Diseases in the UK meeting, 3-4 Dec 2018 that will be hosted at the JIC.
Start Year 2016
 
Description RAGT 
Organisation RAGT Seeds
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Learned Society 
PI Contribution Knowledge of genetics of disease resistance in wheat including new sources of resistance and associated genetic markers
Collaborator Contribution germplasm, DNA marker information, breeder know-how
Impact iCASE PhD studentship and scientific publications
 
Description Secobra 
Organisation Secobra Recherche
Country France 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution information on the relationship between plant height and disease susceptibility
Collaborator Contribution Germplasm and field trial testing of populations
Impact new sources of resistance to Fusarium head blight
Start Year 2012
 
Description UCD 
Organisation University College Dublin
Country Ireland 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution tools for using model plant species to investigate genetics of resistance to root diseases
Collaborator Contribution coordinating programme and liaising with the European Commission
Impact Identification of candidate genes involved in resistance to root diseases in cereals
Start Year 2014
 
Description A taste of Genetic Diversity: demonstration activity for the John Innes Centre open day 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact A demonstration of our research was performed at an open day at the John Innes Centre, involving hands on activities and discussion on the theme of 'a taste of genetic diversity. The activities involved showing how brassicas were used in baby leaf salads, and how heritage barley varieties were used in brewing beer
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description A view from the lab - blog interview 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Interview for a science blog - A View From The Lab.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description AgroSight 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Hosted and discussed potential research project on phytoplasma pathogens of oil palms in Columbia with Mayke Santos, AgroSIght, Cambridge, UK.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description BBRO 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Discussed opportunities for collaboration with BBRO with Mark Stevens (Centrum Building, NRP, Norwich, UK).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Bangladesh wheat blast 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Discussion with primary Bangladesh wheat researcher on wheat blast resistance
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description BecA 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact GCRF project discussions with Sita Ghimire (BecA, Nairobi, Kenya)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Breeder day 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Presentations to invited individuals from the wheat breeding and food/feed beverage supply chain
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015,2016,2017
 
Description CONNECTED 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Attended and participated in network discussions of CONNECTED UK Launch conference, Bristol, UK (hosted by Gary Foster, Neil Boonham and Nicola Spence), 29-31 Jan '18.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Developing Markets for Heritage Malts 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Presentation at the Great Lakes Hop and Barley Conference, Detroit, Michigan. The audience comprised farmers, maltsters, brewers, researchers
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Dutch students 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Presentation of work on importance of research on disease resistance
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016,2017,2018
 
Description FSOV 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Discuss wheat disease resistance genetics with members of a consortium of French Breeding companies.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description GCRF visit with Nepalese Researchers 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A fact-finding mission to Nepal was undertaken with the aim of developing new collaborations for potential GCRF projects
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description IS-MPMI organizing committee 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Local organizing committee for IS-MPMI 2019, Glasgow, UK.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description JIC 50 Open day 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Open Day to celebrate 50 years of the John Innes Centre in Norwich, where we exhibited a stand to show isolation of microbes from soil and their influence on plant growth.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description JIC50 Molecular Microbiology presentation 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Contributed to the design and running of the molecular microbiology department stall at the JIC 50 year open day.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Limagrain wheat disease 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Discussion led to Liamgrain supporting iCASE PhD proposal (successful)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016,2017
 
Description Norwich Science Festival 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Lecture to the public as part of Norwich Science festival, explaining the science and relevance of plant-microbial interactions in the soil. Positive audience feedback including two people who expressed interest in the JIC as a potential future workplace.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Organizing and hosting a conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Member of organizing committee and host of Vector-Borne Disease in the UK 2018, JIC, Norwich, UK, 3-4 Dec 2018.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Phillipines 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Communicated and wrote proposal for the Newton Afgham Programme with Karen Alviar, National Institute of Molecular Biology (BIOTECH), University of the Philippines, Los Banos. The objective was to investigate effector proteins of the cassava phytoplasma disease (CPD), which has caused massive outbreaks in the Philippines. Unfortunately, the application was considered to have eligibility problems for unclear reasons. An appeal letter was submitted (Jun 2017), but this did not help.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Presentation to Novozymes 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact presentation of research to three representatives from Novozymes, a speciality chemicals company based in Denmark
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Putting it together: How do plants sense and integrate seasonal signals? 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited talk at: Institut de Biologie de l'École Normale Supérieure (IBENS), Paris, France. This has led to the establishment of a collaboration involving scientists from France and Spain.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Summerschool, Utrecht 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Presented a talk and engaed with students at the 9th Utrecht PhD Summerschool Environmental Signaling in Plants, Utrecht, The Netherlands, 28-30 Aug 2017
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description UK-US VBD network 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact UK-US Vector-borne disease network meeting, University of California, Davis, 15-17 Oct 2017. Co-organized UK-US VBD network meeting with Matthew Baylis (University of Liverpool, UK) at the University of California, Davis, USA.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description eyespot industry partners 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact informed wheat breeders on genetics of eyespot resistance and candidate resistance genes and potential trade-off between yield and protein content of grain
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015,2016,2017
 
Description presentsation to the Flying Farmers 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Flying farmers are a group of farmers interested to learn about the latest trends in research. the presentation involved talking to them about our work, and engaging in a discussion with them
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description school visit (Wymondham) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Presentations on the history of plant disease and impact on society alongside plant disease and disease resistance information required for A level students
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017,2018