Lolium and Trifolium genetics, genomics and germplasm development

Lead Research Organisation: Aberystwyth University
Department Name: IBERS

Abstract

Elucidating the genetic architecture of quantitative traits is of particular significance for perennial forages such as the ryegrasses and clovers; targets include biomass yield, flowering time, and quality traits such as water soluble carbohydrates, digestibility and protein content, abiotic and biotic stress tolerances and nutrient use efficiencies. The increasing potential of ryegrass as a source of renewable bioenergy emphasizes the importance of being able to manipulate genomes to enhance targeted traits. We are using a range of experimental genetic populations in ryegrasses and clovers (bi-parental mapping, nested association mapping, genomic selection) to both identify markers associated with key traits which can be deployed in traditional breeding programmes and to develop marker-driven breeding protocols to enhance the efficiency of the crop improvement process. This work is done in close collaboration with commercial plant breeders in order to ensure direct relevance. Additionally, we are seeking to generate and identify new sources of variation by manipulating genetic recombination frequencies and incompatibility systems and by exploring the range of ecotypic variation that exists in IBERS germplasm collections.

Publications

10 25 50

 
Description The identification of self-incompatibility (SI) candidate genes has allowed for the development of tightly linked markers which are being deployed in the current ryegrass breeding populations to indicate possible compatibility barriers within elite breeding lines.

Analysis of data collected from IBERS Infinium genotyping array indicates that self-incompatibility (SI) is the likely driver of the 'excess' of heterozygous genotype classes observed in the IBERS commercial 'intermediate flowering date' ryegrass breeding population.

Genomic selection work on the perennial ryegrass intermediate population has led to generation of Phase I field trials of the first potential varieties derived from genomically estimated breeding values.

Genome-wide association studies have identified genomic regions under selection for abiotic stress and 'breeding value'.

We have used SSRs and SNPs derived from T. pratense transcriptomics to further selections for Sclerotinia resistance and the goal of combining disease resistances to crown rust and stem nematodes in the same agronomically useful red clover lines has been furthered by the production of polycross/F2 populations guided by molecular marker analysis.

SNPs from Lolium perenne transcriptomes have been incorporated into an Infinium array (c. 3800 markers). We have generated genotype data for furthering genomic selection, determining self-incompatibility (SI) sub-groups and genetic mapping.

Genome-wide SNP assays indicate 4 regions are associated with SI: two coincide with known SI loci. We are investigating two additional regions for association with the unilateral-incompatibility identified in the ryegrass breeding populations.

We have identified the first quantitative trait loci for fatty acid content segregating in perennial ryegrass. This indicates opportunities for improvement of quality traits through the manipulation of lipid profiles

Genome-wide SNP assays indicate 4 regions are associated with SI: two coincide with known SI loci. We are investigating two additional regions for association with the unilateral-incompatibility identified in the ryegrass breeding populations.

Transcriptomes of T. repens and hybrids have generated c. 15k potential SNPs. A subset will be deployed in T. repens genetic mapping.
Exploitation Route Our research outcomes and genotyping platforms will have relevance in the forage grass and legume breeding sector
Sectors Agriculture, Food and Drink

 
Description The work on self-incompatibility in ryegrasses has led on to a collaboration with commercial involvement on developing hybrid ryegrass varieties. Active discussions are taking place with Germinal (commercial ryegrass breeding partner) for developing true-breeding festulolium varieties. This could address a key problem associated with the genomic stability of festulolium varieties.
First Year Of Impact 2018
Sector Agriculture, Food and Drink
 
Description Invited delegate to European Infrastructures Initiative: EMPHASIS
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a national consultation
 
Description 15AGRITECHCAT4 Application of innovative plant breeding and phenotyping to reduce the nutrient requirement of forages
Amount £532,127 (GBP)
Funding ID 55743-402220 
Organisation Innovate UK 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 02/2016 
End 03/2019
 
Description AberForward graduate placement
Amount £1,500 (GBP)
Organisation Aberystwyth University 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2017 
End 02/2017
 
Description Aberystwyth University PhD programmes
Amount £50,000 (GBP)
Organisation Aberystwyth University 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 12/2015 
End 11/2018
 
Description BBSRC Embrapa
Amount £46,624 (GBP)
Funding ID BB/N004469/1 
Organisation Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2015 
End 03/2016
 
Description British Council Newton Fund PhD placement
Amount £12,800 (GBP)
Organisation British Council 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2016 
End 07/2016
 
Description Deutsche Saatveredelung AG
Amount £150,000 (GBP)
Organisation Deutsche Saatveredelung AG 
Start 10/2016 
End 04/2020
 
Description Fellowship of the President of the Russian Federation
Amount £1,330 (GBP)
Organisation Ministry for Education and Science of the Russian Federation 
Sector Public
Country Russian Federation
Start 11/2013 
End 08/2014
 
Description IBERS PhD studentship
Amount £54,000 (GBP)
Organisation University of Wales 
Department Institute of Biological Environmental and Rural Sciences (IBERS)
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2016 
End 08/2019
 
Description IBERS PhD studentship
Amount £54,000 (GBP)
Organisation University of Wales 
Department Institute of Biological Environmental and Rural Sciences (IBERS)
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 12/2015 
End 12/2018
 
Description KESS II
Amount £52,000 (GBP)
Organisation European Social Fund (Welsh Government/ EU) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2017 
End 09/2020
 
Description Legume+
Amount £10,000 (GBP)
Organisation European Commission 
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 05/2012 
End 04/2016
 
Description SMARTExpertise
Amount £500,000 (GBP)
Funding ID SMARTExpertise - 2017/COL/008 
Organisation Government of Wales 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2018 
End 03/2021
 
Description Sparking Impact
Amount £2,000 (GBP)
Organisation Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2013 
End 12/2013
 
Description Sustainable Food Security - Resilient and resource-efficient value chains (H2020-SFS-2016-2017)
Amount € 5,000,000 (EUR)
Funding ID H2020-SFS-2016-2 727312 
Organisation European Commission 
Department Horizon 2020
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 09/2017 
End 08/2021
 
Description Walsh Fellowship
Amount € 145,000 (EUR)
Organisation Irish Research Council 
Sector Public
Country Ireland
Start 05/2017 
End 04/2021
 
Description Welsh European Funding Organisation
Amount £500,000 (GBP)
Funding ID 2017/COL/008 
Organisation Government of Wales 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 06/2018 
End 05/2021
 
Title DNA sequence of red clover genome 
Description DNA sequence data from red clover 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2015 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact The paper with the data has been accessed and viewed many times: •in the 98th percentile (ranked 2,876th) of the 177,703 tracked articles of a similar age in all journals •in the 97th percentile (ranked 59th) of the 2,199 tracked articles of a similar age in Scientific Reports The altimetric score is 107. The paper has been tweeted by 23 Blogged by 2 Picked up by 11 news outlets It has been viewed 1293 times (07/03/16) 
URL http://dx.doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.17232
 
Title Field trial dataset 
Description Field trialling of the 576 Lolium accessions was outsourced to ILVO (Belgium). One year of trial data for these accessions has currently been collected, enhancing our knowledge of natural accessions for use in pre-breeding of Lolium varieties. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact This represents a significant collection of ecotypic field trial data for use in ongoing breeding programmes. The ILVO trial has also allowed their team to develop use of aerial drone technology for field phenotyping. 
 
Description Colombia and Kenya Partnering Award: Skills sharing for genomic approaches to forage improvement 
Organisation CGIAR
Department International Center for Tropical Agriculture
Country Colombia 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Participation in workshop on genomic selection assisted breeding of tropical forage crops
Collaborator Contribution Breeder participation and visit for training purposes
Impact Visit of plant breeder from CIAT to TGAC in the summer of 2016. Forages for Africa programme also initiated with participation from IBERS.
Start Year 2014
 
Description Colombia and Kenya Partnering Award: Skills sharing for genomic approaches to forage improvement 
Organisation Earlham Institute
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Participation in workshop on genomic selection assisted breeding of tropical forage crops
Collaborator Contribution Breeder participation and visit for training purposes
Impact Visit of plant breeder from CIAT to TGAC in the summer of 2016. Forages for Africa programme also initiated with participation from IBERS.
Start Year 2014
 
Description Colombia and Kenya Partnering Award: Skills sharing for genomic approaches to forage improvement 
Organisation International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI)
Country Kenya 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Participation in workshop on genomic selection assisted breeding of tropical forage crops
Collaborator Contribution Breeder participation and visit for training purposes
Impact Visit of plant breeder from CIAT to TGAC in the summer of 2016. Forages for Africa programme also initiated with participation from IBERS.
Start Year 2014
 
Description Self-incompatibility in grasses Aberystwyth University, ETH Zurich, Teagasc 
Organisation ETH Zurich
Country Switzerland 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Provision of materials, supervision of two PhD studentships, practical experimentation, writing research papers. An informal ongoing research collaboration since 2006 with Dr Susanne Barth (Teagasc) Professor Bruno Studer (ETH) is ongoing. Altogether this collaboration has resulted in two PhD theses, funding for an ongoing PhD project and four refereed papers including the latest that identifies the of the S-locus pollen component gene in perennial ryegrass. A paper is currently being prepared on the identification of the Z-locus genes. Current studies aim to validate the S and Z genes by genetic transformation. Based on information from GWAS results and the identification of a number of self-fertility modifier loci we are now seeking to identify genes involved in a putative downstream signal transduction pathway responsible for the rapid pollen incompatibility response observed at the surface of receptive stigmata.
Collaborator Contribution Provision of materials, supervision of two PhD studentships, practical experimentation, writing research papers.
Impact Manzanares C, Barth S, Thorogood D, Byrne SL, Yates S, Czaban A, Asp T, Yang B, Studer B. (2016). A gene encoding a DUF247 domain protein co-segregates with the S self-incompatibility locus in perennial ryegrass. Mol Biol Evol. 2015 Dec 10. pii: msv335. [Epub ahead of print] DOI: 10.1093/molbev/msv335 Manzanares, Chloé (2013) Genetics of self-incompatibility in perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.). Ph.D. thesis, University of Birmingham. Klaas M, Yang B, Bosch M, Thorogood D, Manzanares C, Armstead IP et al (2011). Progress towards elucidating the mechanisms of self-incompatibility in the grasses: further insights from studies in Lolium. Annals of Botany 108(4): 677-685. Yang B, Thorogood D, Armstead IP, Franklin FCH, Barth S (2009). Identification of genes expressed during the self-incompatibility response in perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.). Plant Molecular Biology 70(6): 709-723. Yang, Bicheng (2009) Investigations of self-incompatibility (SI) in perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.). Ph.D. thesis, University of Birmingham. Yang B, Thorogood D, Armstead I, Barth S (2008). How far are we from unravelling self-incompatibility in grasses? New Phytologist 178(4): 740-753.
Start Year 2006
 
Description Self-incompatibility in grasses Aberystwyth University, ETH Zurich, Teagasc 
Organisation Teagasc
Department Teagasc Food Research Centre
Country Ireland 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Provision of materials, supervision of two PhD studentships, practical experimentation, writing research papers. An informal ongoing research collaboration since 2006 with Dr Susanne Barth (Teagasc) Professor Bruno Studer (ETH) is ongoing. Altogether this collaboration has resulted in two PhD theses, funding for an ongoing PhD project and four refereed papers including the latest that identifies the of the S-locus pollen component gene in perennial ryegrass. A paper is currently being prepared on the identification of the Z-locus genes. Current studies aim to validate the S and Z genes by genetic transformation. Based on information from GWAS results and the identification of a number of self-fertility modifier loci we are now seeking to identify genes involved in a putative downstream signal transduction pathway responsible for the rapid pollen incompatibility response observed at the surface of receptive stigmata.
Collaborator Contribution Provision of materials, supervision of two PhD studentships, practical experimentation, writing research papers.
Impact Manzanares C, Barth S, Thorogood D, Byrne SL, Yates S, Czaban A, Asp T, Yang B, Studer B. (2016). A gene encoding a DUF247 domain protein co-segregates with the S self-incompatibility locus in perennial ryegrass. Mol Biol Evol. 2015 Dec 10. pii: msv335. [Epub ahead of print] DOI: 10.1093/molbev/msv335 Manzanares, Chloé (2013) Genetics of self-incompatibility in perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.). Ph.D. thesis, University of Birmingham. Klaas M, Yang B, Bosch M, Thorogood D, Manzanares C, Armstead IP et al (2011). Progress towards elucidating the mechanisms of self-incompatibility in the grasses: further insights from studies in Lolium. Annals of Botany 108(4): 677-685. Yang B, Thorogood D, Armstead IP, Franklin FCH, Barth S (2009). Identification of genes expressed during the self-incompatibility response in perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.). Plant Molecular Biology 70(6): 709-723. Yang, Bicheng (2009) Investigations of self-incompatibility (SI) in perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.). Ph.D. thesis, University of Birmingham. Yang B, Thorogood D, Armstead I, Barth S (2008). How far are we from unravelling self-incompatibility in grasses? New Phytologist 178(4): 740-753.
Start Year 2006
 
Description Self-incompatibility in perennial ryegrass 
Organisation ETH Zurich
Country Switzerland 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution AU contribute expertise and genetic mapping populations that allow the fine-mapping of SI in Lolium
Collaborator Contribution ETH have identified physical contigs overlapping the genomic SI region and candidate genes.
Impact Manuscript in preparation.
Start Year 2012
 
Description AEGIS Project Workshop - Establishment of the European Forage Collection - Hungary, T?pi?szele IT 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact -
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description AEGIS project workshop on the "Establishment of the European Forages Collection-Sweden, Alnarp IT 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact -
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description BBSRC Expert Panel for Germplasm Collections 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Advice to BBSRC on germplasm collection and maintenance
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description BBSRC Germplasm Resource Panel 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Report submitted to BBSRC

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Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Bioinformatics for Breeding 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Participated as a teacher on the Bioinformatics for Breeding course held at the Earlham Institute, Norwich over three days in February 2017. About 30 researchers with an active interest in how to use bioinformatics in breeding-related research such as next generation sequence data for genetic mapping, GWAS and genomic selection.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description CGIAR Workshop on Implementing Genomic Selection in CGIAR Breeding Programs, Montpellier, France, 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Workshop to discuss and outline ways forward for implementing genomic selection in CGIARs diverse range of breeding programs.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description David Lloyd gave a talk to farmers group from Mole Valley Farmers 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact David Lloyd, IBERS legume breeder gave a talk to a farming group from Mole Valley farmers about IBERS clover breeding activities
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description DivSeek Roundtable in San Diego as part of the Plant and Animal Genome conference (PAG) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This was a roundtable to discuss and advance about the mission of DivSeek. It also include formal presentation by representative of each of the working groups. Overall aims and goals of the DivSeek organization can be found in: http://www.divseek.org
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.divseek.org/news/
 
Description EPA - first meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Initial meeting of a potential consortium for seeking funding through H2020 in the area of ryegrass phenomics. Target likely to be MSC ETN.

none
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description H2020 Ghent meeting Oct 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Consortium established

-
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description International Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation of plenary talk at the EUCARPIA Joint meeting of Fodder Crops and Amenity Grasses Section and EUCARPIAs Protein Crops Working Group, September 11-14, Vilnius, Lithuania.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.eucarpia2017.lt/
 
Description Invited presentation at the Wales DNA Repair Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited speaker the first Welsh DNA Repair conference, funded by Wales Cancer Research Centre. Representing IBERS research activities in the area of DNA repair, with the aim of fostering further collaboration between Welsh academics. Presentation raised the profile of the work carried out in IBERS and prompted discussion afterwards.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Lecture to 3rd year undergraduate students 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact Lecture to undergraduate student BR31420, Bioinformatics and functional genomics
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Lecture to undergraduates 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact An introduction to plant breeding
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description National Institutes of Bioscience 2013 conference, Roslin 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited as session speaker at the National Institutes of Bioscience 2013 conference in Roslin. The title of the talk was: Marker assisted plant breeding on a genome-wide scale. The audience was colleagues from other BBSRC funded institutes and universities.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description PAG2017 conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Poster presentation within the Plant and Animal Genome conference 2017 (Jan14-18 2017) entitle "Assembly and annotation of a physical map-based draft genome of the forage grass Lolium perenne (P0920)". This is largest international conference devoted to Plants and Animals genomes research.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://app.core-apps.com/pag_2017/abstract/3d5eba754526e3e7211a636665f80a47
 
Description Participation in International Workshop in Abuja, Nigeria, 2015. The workshop was entitled: Future Proofing Agriculture Production Against Environmental Change 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Participation in workshop organised by the British Council on Future Proofing Agriculture Production Against Environmental Change. The title of my talk was: Tapping the Potentials of Germplasm Variation Using Genomic and Post-Genomic Approaches.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Plant Science Wales Podcast 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Contributed to podcast featuring a collection of interviews with plant scientists in Wales, UK, working at departments at Aberystwyth IBERS, Bangor Environment Centre Wales and Cardiff School of Biosciences. Podcast discussed the funding, outputs and future of plant sciences.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://soundcloud.com/alice-c-smith/plant-science-wales-podcast
 
Description Plant and Animal Genome Conference XIX, San Diego, California, 2013 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Oral presentation of our work on genomic selection in the ryegrass breeding programme at the International Lolium Genome Initiative. Title of talk: Genomic selection in ryegrass
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Plant and Animal Genome Conference XXIII, San Diego, California 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Oral presentation of results of our work on genomic selection in perennial ryegrass at the International Lolium Genome Initiative Workshop. Title of talk was: Machine Learning for Genomic Prediction in Lolium perenne.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Research case study lectures (Aberystwyth University) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact A series of three 50 minute 'research case studies' lectures presented to 35 undergraduate students which showcased the work currently undertaken in the research grant. The lectures resulted in the students having greater knowledge and interest in modern plant breeding as proven in questions and discussion after each lecture. In addition a few students attending the lectures chose to peruse a research project in the areas covered in the lecture series during their final year of study.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013,2014,2015,2016,2017
 
Description Research case study presentation (Aberystwyth University) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Two 'research case studies' lectures presented to 10 distance learning postgraduate students which showcased the work currently undertaken in the research grant. The lectures resulted in the students having greater knowledge and interest in modern plant breeding as proven in questions and discussion after each lecture. All students undertaking the course are employed in the agri-food sector.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015,2016,2017
URL http://www.atp-pasture.org.uk/en/study-options/distance-learning-modules/genetics-and-genomics-dista...
 
Description Sparking Impact London 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Resulted in the formation of a consortium which applied for funding through the EU FP7 FACCE-JPI scheme

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Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Talk to Irish dairy farming group 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact David Lloyd gave a talk to Irish dairy farming group about the forage legume breeding activities at IBERS.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Training course sponsored by Germinal Holdings for seed merchants 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact David Lloyd, IBERS legume breeder gave a presentation at a training course sponsored by Germinal Holdings for seed merchants
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description UK Plant Genetic Resources Group (UKPGRG) - biannual meetings - IT 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact -
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Workshop in Leaf Senescence at INRA, Versailles, France 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact -
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Workshop of the Documentation and Information Working Group_IT 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact -
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Workshop on Genomic Selection in Animals and Plants. Norways University of Life Sciences, Oslo 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Presentation of plenary lecture entitled: Potential use of GS and association mapping in plant breeding. This was organised by the Life Sciences University in Oslo. The primary audience was colleagues and postgraduate students from the university.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012