C-Cycle

Lead Research Organisation: University of Sheffield
Department Name: Chemical & Biological Engineering

Abstract

Carbon dioxide is a greenhouse gas and so a major environmental pollutant. Energy production produces vast volumes of the gas that is released in to the atmosphere. While carbon dioxide is taken up by plants and converted into useful chemical buliding blocks such as sugars, deforestation, increasing urbanisation and an ever increasing demand to energy means that the carbon dioxide cycle is becoming increasingly unbalanced. Furthermore, global oil and gas supplies are decreasing at an alarming rate and these are the feedstocks of the energy and petrochemicals industries.In this project which is located at eight top UK universities, we intend to capture some of the carbon dioxide produced in industrial processes and reconvert it into chemical feedstocks using advanced materials technology and specifically designed catalysts. The aim is to develop a sustainable carbon economy through efficient recycling of waste materials: the C-Cycle. Recent UK government initiatives have placed the emphasis for waste management in the hands of the municipal incinerators (which produce carbon dioxide) with a move away from the environmentally harmful landfill that are used in many regions. Not only will this project directly address UK government policy in waste management, it will take it one step further by producing high value products from the process: as the saying goes where there's muck there's brass! .

Publications

10 25 50
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Styring P. (2009) C-Cycle: Carbon dioxide capture, activation and product release in ACS National Meeting Book of Abstracts

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Taylor M.L. (2008) Novel organic solvents for the Bunsen Reaction in AIChE Annual Meeting, Conference Proceedings

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N/a Aschenbrenner (2010) Adsorption of carbon dioxide and nitrogen on hydrotalcite-like compounds of different compositions in Chemical Engineering Reaction and Design

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Aschenbrenner O (2011) Adsorption of carbon dioxide on hydrotalcite-like compounds of different compositions in Chemical Engineering Research and Design

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Aschenbrenner O (2010) Comparative study of solvent properties for carbon dioxide absorption in Energy & Environmental Science

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Supasitmongkol S (2010) High CO2 solubility in ionic liquids and a tetraalkylammonium-based poly(ionic liquid) in Energy & Environmental Science

 
Description CO2 can be converted into a range of chemicals with added value. To achieve this we must supply energy and use a catalyst.
Exploitation Route Some of the work has now progressed to a pilot scale where multi-kilogrammes of product can be prepared. This has now been taken towards commercialization through a TSB grant.
Sectors Agriculture, Food and Drink,Energy,Environment

URL http://www.sheffield.ac.uk/cbe/staff/staffprofiles/pstyring
 
Description The work led to the establishment of the CO2Chem Grand Challenge Network which has now become the global leader in CO2 utilisation. Beyond this the 4CU Programme Grant evolved from the basic research that was established from C-Cycle.
First Year Of Impact 2010
Sector Agriculture, Food and Drink,Chemicals,Energy,Environment,Manufacturing, including Industrial Biotechology
Impact Types Societal,Economic,Policy & public services

 
Description C-Cycle 
Organisation Newcastle University
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Engineering solutions
Collaborator Contribution Project partners
Impact CO2Chem Grant
Start Year 2006
 
Description C-Cycle 
Organisation University College Oxford
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Engineering solutions
Collaborator Contribution Project partners
Impact CO2Chem Grant
Start Year 2006
 
Description C-Cycle 
Organisation University of Birmingham
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Engineering solutions
Collaborator Contribution Project partners
Impact CO2Chem Grant
Start Year 2006
 
Description C-Cycle 
Organisation University of Nottingham
Department School of Chemistry Nottingham
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Engineering solutions
Collaborator Contribution Project partners
Impact CO2Chem Grant
Start Year 2006
 
Description C-Cycle 
Organisation University of Reading
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Engineering solutions
Collaborator Contribution Project partners
Impact CO2Chem Grant
Start Year 2006
 
Description C-Cycle 
Organisation University of Southampton
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Engineering solutions
Collaborator Contribution Project partners
Impact CO2Chem Grant
Start Year 2006
 
Description C-Cycle 
Organisation University of Warwick
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Engineering solutions
Collaborator Contribution Project partners
Impact CO2Chem Grant
Start Year 2006
 
Description University of East Anglia 
Organisation University of East Anglia
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
Start Year 2005