Dynamic Transmission Protocols and Advanced Signal Processing Techniques for Wireless Sensor Networks with Cooperative Diversity

Lead Research Organisation: Newcastle University
Department Name: Electrical, Electronic & Computer Eng


Wireless sensor networks are typically defined as dense wireless networks of small and low-cost sensors which collect and disseminate data. They have applications in a variety of fields such as system maintenance, environmental monitoring, transportation, military purposes and gathering information in inhospitable locations. One of the key challenges for sensor networks is to facilitate monitoring and controlling of physical environments from remote locations with better accuracy. Recall that sensor networks are uniquely characterized by node mobility, frequent link failure, limited link capacity, and limited battery and computational resources of sensor devices, which pose significant challenges for reliable communications. The following example illustrates the motivation of this proposal. An example for the motivation: Consider a scenario where a platoon of firemen storm into a building burning for a rescue mission. Each fireman carries a transceiver with which he communicates and receives orders from the captain outside of the building. A basic demand of this scenario is that each fireman, viewed as a sensor, should have a stable connection with the captain, or a network controlling centre. And it is possible that such a sensor network also needs to support a real-time video stream service since a fireman might need to transmit what he sees to outside for safety evaluation. But the reality is that wireless links are not stable due to the multipath fading in the indoor environment. And the demand for high-speed high-quality real time service will make the task to satisfy the required quality of service more challenging.In order to meet such diversified quality of service, we plan to apply cooperative diversity, a technique well known for its ability to combat fading, to sensor networks in this proposal. Recall that, by using cooperative diversity, reliable transmission can be achieved at low cost and with easy implementation, which is ideal for the application of sensor networks. The aim of the project is to increase system throughput and transmission robustness of wireless sensor networks by applying cooperative diversity. The solution this proposal is seeking is two fold. One is to design new dynamic cooperative protocols by fully exploring the dynamic nature of radio propagation, which provides the theoretic upper bound of system performance. Then, the second step is from the practical aspect, where sophistic DSP algorithms shall be devised to realize the performance gain promised by the cooperative protocols. Obviously the two are inseparable not just because the ultimate goal of reliable communication for wireless sensor networks is only possible with the accomplishment of the both two parts, but also because the interaction between the two parts is the key for the efficient system design.


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Ding Z (2011) On the Design of Network Coding for Multiple Two-Way Relaying Channels in IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications

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Ding Z (2016) Multi-User SWIPT Cooperative Networks: Is the Max-Min Criterion Still Diversity-Optimal? in IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications

Related Projects

Project Reference Relationship Related To Start End Award Value
EP/F062079/1 01/09/2008 31/05/2010 £230,180
EP/F062079/2 Transfer EP/F062079/1 02/06/2010 01/09/2011 £100,033
Description 1. Designed a low complexity algorithm for detection in cooperative networks

S. Ahmed, Z. Ding, T. Ratnarajah and C. Cowan, "A Novel Cooperative Transmission Protocol with Full Diversity and Low Complexity Iterative Detection", IET Proceeding on Communications, Vol. 2, No. 4, pp. 361--368, December 2008.

2. Designed a network coded cooperative scheme for the network with multiple source nodes.

Z. Ding, T. Ratnarajah and K. Leung, "On the Study of Network Coded AF Transmission Protocol for Wireless Multiple Access Channels", IEEE Trans. on Wireless Communications , Vol. 7, No. 11, pp. 4568--4574, November, 2008.

3. Designed a low complexity DSP algorithm for turbo detection in wireless cooperative networks.

Y. Gong, Z. Ding, T. Ratnarajah, and C. Cowan, "Turbo Channel Estimation and Equalization for a Superposition-based Cooperative System" IET Proceeding on Communications, pp. vol. 3, no. 11, 1790 - 1799, November 2009.

4. Invented a new form of network coding by fully exploiting cooperative diversity.

Z. Ding, K. Leung, D. L. Goeckel and D. Towsley, "On the study of network coding with diversity", IEEE Trans. on Wireless Comm. Vol. 8, No. 3, pp. 1247--1259, March 2009.

5. Designed an efficient transmission protocol for cooperative networks with multiple sources and destinations.

Z. Ding, Z. Ma and K. Leung, " Impact of Network Coding on System Delay for Multi-source Multi-destination Scenarios", IEEE Trans. on Vehicular Technology, vol. 59, no. 2, pp. 831 - 841, February 2010.

6. A new relay assisted cooperative scheme has been developed for the wireless multiple access networks.

Z. Ding, K. Leung, D. L. Goeckel and D. Towsley, "A Relay Assisted Cooperative Transmission Protocol for Wireless Multiple Access Systems", IEEE Trans. on Communications, vol. 58, no. 8, pp. 2425-2435, 2010.

7. The concept of cooperative diversity has been applied to vehicular ad hoc networks which can be used for intelligent transportation.

Z. Ding and K. Leung, "Cross-layer Routing Using Cooperative Transmission in Vehicular Ad-hoc Networks", IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Comm., vol. 29, no. 3, Mar. 2011.

8. A new DSP algorithm for positioning has been developed by fully exploiting the user cooperation.

S. Zhu and Z. Ding, "Distributed Cooperative Localization of WSN with Convex Hull Constraint", IEEE Trans. on Wireless Comm., vol. 10, pp. 2150 - 2161,July 2011.
Exploitation Route The concept of cooperative diversity has been used to create network coding, a powerful tool to improve the system throughput in wireless networks. In addition, we had also successfully applied cooperative diversity to various applications, such as sensor networks and vehicular ad hoc networks.
Sectors Digital/Communication/Information Technologies (including Software),Electronics

URL https://sites.google.com/site/zhiguoding/home
Description This project has proposed many reliable transmission schemes for wireless sensor networks by fully exploring the cooperation among the wireless nodes, and these proposed solutions can be used for achieving high-speed high-quality broadband service in harsh wireless propagation networks.
First Year Of Impact 2010
Sector Digital/Communication/Information Technologies (including Software)
Impact Types Economic