Predicting and Enhancing the Moisture-Damage Performance of Asphalt Mixtures

Lead Research Organisation: University of Nottingham
Department Name: Research and Graduate Services

Abstract

The overall aim of this research is to use a combination of thermodynamic surface free energy and adhesion fracture energy measurements to understand, predict and enhance the resistance to moisture-damage of asphalt mixture pavement materials. Moisture-damage of asphalt mixtures is directly associated with the adhesive and cohesive properties of the material and how the presence of water affects these mechanisms. Although mechanical test procedures exist to quantify the moisture-damage of asphalt mixtures, they do not measure the fundamental material properties related to adhesion and cohesion. This study will use a combination of adhesive fracture energy measurements on bitumen-aggregate and bitumen-filler mastic-aggregate systems using monotonically-loaded tests together with intrinsic adhesion calculations based on thermodynamic surface free energy concepts to produce a step change in the moisture-damage performance and material screening of asphalt mixtures. The introduction and development of these new methods and novel approaches will provide the tools needed for the better selection and moisture-damage prediction of appropriate pavement materials. The study will involve collaboration between researchers working in the areas of pavement engineering materials and the mechanical engineering aspects of adhesion, adhesives and composites. This combined approach will allow the exceptionally high expertise in asphalt technology, moisture-damage characterisation, surface energy and adhesive bond testing and modelling to contribute effectively to improving the understanding and prediction of moisture-damage in asphalt mixtures and thereby provide a tool to achieve the project goal of enhancing moisture-damage performance.

Publications

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Zhang J (2015) Influence of aggregate mineralogical composition on water resistance of aggregate-bitumen adhesion in International Journal of Adhesion and Adhesives

 
Description Development of a novel bitumen aggregate adhesive test method and procedure.

The novel bitumen aggregate adhesion test method and procedure has formed the basis for a short-term research contract awarded to NTEC at the University of Nottingham with the European Lime Association (EuLA) investigating the influence of hydrated lime on the adhesive and moisture damage performance of bitumen-filler mastics and asphalt mixtures.

The methodologies developed in the project were also employed in a follow-on research contract with BASF undertaken by Imperial College London (the project partner of this EPSRC project) of 180,000 Euros over 1.5 years. The project was to investigate the effectiveness of anti-stripping agents in asphalt systems. The adhesion test developed was applied to a number of commercial systems incorporating novel chemistries. Results of these are confidential to the project.
Exploitation Route Potential for the development of a new testing standard.
Sectors Transport