Transforming the Internet Infrastructure: The Photonic HyperHighway

Lead Research Organisation: University of Southampton
Department Name: Optoelectronics Research Centre

Abstract

Our vision is to develop the disruptive component technologies and network concepts that will enhance our communications infrastructure 1000-fold to meet our 20-year needs, avert network grid-lock and reduce energy consumption.With continued steep growth in transmitted data volumes on all media, there is a widely-recognized and urgent need for more sophisticated photonics technologies in both the core and access networks to forestall a 'capacity crunch' in the medium term. Our Programme involves two world-class groups ideally positioned to satisfy this need and reinforce the traditional leadership of the UK in this area. All-optical technologies can also save considerably on the rapidly-rising energy consumption of communications systems (several % of global energy consumption, similar to air transport!), as well as substituting for travel, (e.g. Cisco's ultrawideband telepresence system has halved their large worldwide travel budget). This proposal is therefore focused on one of the most important challenges facing our modern society - an energy-efficient, ultra-high capacity ICT infrastructure able to connect people and businesses seamlessly everywhere. Traffic on the global communications infrastructure continues to increase 80% year-on-year, driven by rapidly expanding and increasingly-demanding applications: YouTube, MMS, iPlayer, new concepts such as cloud computing, tele-surgery, the introduction of the iPhone alone proved a severe drain on the capacity of major carriers. Bandwidth growth in the access network is starting to overwhelm the available capacity in the core. In the last 10 years, the number of broadband subscribers worldwide has grown 100-fold. We are now rapidly approaching the fundamental data carrying capacity of current optical technology; moreover, the energy required to support today's growing, power-hungry, ICT infrastructure is looking worryingly unsustainable. It is time to ask hard questions about some long-held assumptions.We propose a radical transformation of the physical infrastructure underpinning today's networks by developing devices capable of 1000-fold improvements in performance, starting with a critical re-examination of some of the most basic transmission building blocks - the optical fibres, amplification and regeneration, and nonlinear switching and distribution. Since the inception of optical telecommunications 40 years ago, the silica fibre has been its work-horse. However, as it nears its capacity limits, a radical rethink can reap dividends in non-linear threshold, transmission window breadth and loss through new materials and designs, leading to 1000-fold improvements. In addition, current power-hungry electronic switches are bottlenecks that photonics can alleviate. Although immensely challenging, the new technologies that we propose have the potential to lead to major advances and benefits in many other important areas - including security, the environment, manufacturing and healthcare. If we are successful in achieving our objectives, the Programme will surely establish the UK firmly as the world leader in optical communications and networking technologies for decades to come.

Planned Impact

The beneficiaries of this research will be both the research comunities and, in the longer term, the commercial sector. The research beneficiaries are largely described in the academic beneficiaries section. In the area of commercial exploitation, the ORC has significant past experience and track record of exploiting IP, both in terms of licensing to users and in the formation of spin-off ventures. In the Southampton area alone, a cluster of high tech, high value-added photonics spinout companies currently employs about 600 people and plays a major role in the regional and national economy. Exploitation will be through the form of IP generated or knowledge transfer. Where applicable, we will seek to exploit our results through new start-up companies, joint ventures or industry-led deals. Research that has the potential for commercial exploitation will be reviewed on a quarterly basis, with invention disclosure forms documenting the names of inventors and their respective percentage contributions to the invention. Results of the research will be exploited via the University's Research Support Services, who provide valuable commercial and legal resources. We also work with the SETsquared Partnership, a successful entrepreneurship collaboration. Throughout the course of the Programme, we will undertake the training and development of the next generation of scientists and engineers (starting with 5 new Postdocs and 6 Students) to expand the knowledge and skills-base, and through it the competitiveness of the UK economy. This will be carried out through the institution's graduate training programme and staff development schemes. A marketing manager will assist in the communication and dissemination aspects of the Programme, to reach out to a wider audience and raise the visibility of the research. Where appropriate, Postdocs and students will be involved in the impact activities as part of their training and broader skills development, e.g., in user engagement discussions, writing of technical reports, research publications, etc.

Publications

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Amaya N. (2012) Adaptable infrastructure for future scalable flexible and resilient optical networks in 2012 International Conference on Photonics in Switching, PS 2012

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Wheeler N.V. (2012) Wide-bandwidth, low-loss, 19-cell hollow core photonic band gap fiber and its potential for low latency data transmission in 2012 Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OFC/NFOEC 2012

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Kakande J. (2012) All-optical processing of multi-level phase shift keyed signals in 2012 Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OFC/NFOEC 2012

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Lavery D. (2012) Realizing high sensitivity at 40 Gbit/s and 100 Gbit/s in 2012 Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OFC/NFOEC 2012

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Alam S.U. (2013) Thulium doped fiber amplifiers for 2 µm telecommunications in 2013 18th OptoElectronics and Communications Conference Held Jointly with 2013 International Conference on Photonics in Switching, OECC/PS 2013

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Poletti F. (2013) Hollow core fibres for high capacity data transmission in 2013 18th OptoElectronics and Communications Conference Held Jointly with 2013 International Conference on Photonics in Switching, OECC/PS 2013

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Slavik R. (2013) 24 Gbit/s synthesis of BPSK signals via direct modulation of Fabry-Perot lasers under injection locking in 2013 18th OptoElectronics and Communications Conference Held Jointly with 2013 International Conference on Photonics in Switching, OECC/PS 2013

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Jung Y. (2013) First demonstration of a broadband 37-cell hollow core photonic bandgap fiber and its application to high capacity mode division multiplexing in 2013 Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OFC/NFOEC 2013

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Rancano V.J.F. (2013) Field trial experiment over 1200 km on a 100GHz grid-aligned multi-channel black-box wavelength converter in 2013 Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OFC/NFOEC 2013

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Wooler J.P. (2013) Robust low loss splicing of hollow core photonic bandgap fiber to itself in 2013 Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OFC/NFOEC 2013

 
Description Fabrication of a 11-km-long Photonic Bandgap fibre: This is a new type of optical fibre that allows light to travel in air (rather than the glass core of conventional optical fibres). The technology has the potential to revolutionise technology, especially in applications requiring very low latency.

Amplifiers covering the whole spectral region 1650 - 2150nm: We are developing amplifiers that will allow a much broader spectrum of wavelengths to be used in optical transmission, than what is currently typically used in communications (1530 - 1560nm). This will allow much more information to be accommodated within a single optical fibre.

Bismuth doped fibre amplifiers in the 1300-nm region. The development of an effective solution for optical amplification in this wavelength region is considered important in transforming the useability of a number of communication applications. We have achieved significant developments in this direction.

Multi-element Multi-mode fibre amplifiers: We develop new types of optical fibres and associated technologies that rely on spatial division multiplexing (SDM) to increase the information capacity carried in optical communication systems.

"Idler-free" phase-sensitive amplification: We have demonstrated optical systems that 'clean' signals from noise, after they have been transmitted over long lengths of amplified transmission links.

SDM-to-WDM conversion: The new high-capacity SDM networks will need to be backward-compatible with conventional systems. We are developing the sub-systems that will allow this.

Optical phase conjugation for nonlinearity mitigation in transmission: We have performed transmission experiments on EPSRC's NDFIS that have shown that deleterious nonlinear effects that arise from the presence of several wavelength-division multiplexed channels can negated through the use of an optical phase conjugator placed approximately at the middle of the transmission link.

Intra- and inter- data centre networking using SDM technologies: The new fibre technologies we develop will have a pervasive impact in several aspects of communications networks. We have demonstrated the benefits of employing SDM technologies in data centre communications.
Exploitation Route We are discussing with a number of leading industrial partners and research institutions who might benefit from our technologies.
Sectors Digital/Communication/Information Technologies (including Software)

 
Description A new EPSRC Programme grant aiming to explore Metamaterials in Communications has been funded at Southampton. This new grant stems from the communications-related activity in Hyperhighway and combines finding from this Programme with other technologies explored at the ORC. New H2020 project Safari (ORC, Fujikura, NTT, Coriant, DTU) Amplification in multicore fibres. Career development of researchers: David Wu - EPSRC Pioneer in ICT Prize winner Zhihong Li - Shortlisted for Best Student Paper award at ECOC'14 Eric Numkam Fokoua, Zhihong Li, Victor Rancano, Saurab Jain awarded PhD degrees. Hyperhighway Student Workshops have taken place at both Southampton and Bristol. Bristol is Open (http://www.bristolisopen.com) A £75M investment to build a city scale experimental testbed. The optical metro network will be deploying architecture-on-demand (AoD) nodes developed within this grant. Commercialisation of technology developed in the project through the SME Phoenix Photonics; One spin-off company was created at Southampton (Lumenisity); Interactions with Industry (Google, eunetworks, Honeywell, Coriant, Polatis, II-VI, Huawei, Alcatel-Lucent/Bell Labs, etc) Collaboration with UNLOC Discussion - participation in workshops Joint funding bids Members of the consortium have a central role in the National Dark Fibre Infrastructure Aurora2 Dark Fibre infrastructure linking the Bristol with Southampton universities, and also UCL and Cambridge Critical facilitator of collaboration in Hyperhighway Fully automated network allowing both networking and transmission experiments Leading roles of members of the consortium in major Conferences (ECOC, OFC, CLEO) ORC Photonics Day at Southampton Two-day event Keynote speeches from international research leaders Presentation of new results from students and young researchers
First Year Of Impact 2010
Sector Digital/Communication/Information Technologies (including Software)
Impact Types Societal,Economic

 
Description Consolidator Grant (Poletti)
Amount € 2,750,000 (EUR)
Organisation European Research Council (ERC) 
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 07/2016 
End 06/2021
 
Description European Union Framework 7
Amount £3,000,000 (GBP)
Funding ID 258033 
Organisation European Commission 
Department Seventh Framework Programme (FP7)
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start  
 
Description European Union Framework 7
Amount £1,200,000 (GBP)
Funding ID 224547 
Organisation European Commission 
Department Seventh Framework Programme (FP7)
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start  
 
Description Exploiting the bandwidth potential of multimode optical fibres
Amount £468,475 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/J008591/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 07/2012 
End 12/2016
 
Description Horizon2020 (COSIGN)
Amount € 10,000,000 (EUR)
Funding ID 619572 
Organisation European Union 
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 01/2014 
End 12/2016
 
Description Horizon2020 (SAFARI)
Amount € 1,500,000 (EUR)
Funding ID 642928 
Organisation European Union 
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 10/2014 
End 09/2017
 
Description Industrial - Hollow core fibre fabrication
Amount £30,415 (GBP)
Organisation Lumenisity 
Start 07/2016 
End 10/2016
 
Description Industrial - Hollow core fibre programme
Amount £1,170,000 (GBP)
Organisation Lumenisity 
Start 02/2017 
End 02/2019
 
Description Industry - FMF isolator
Amount £750 (GBP)
Organisation Phoenix Photonics Ltd. 
Sector Private
Country United Kingdom
Start 03/2016 
End 03/2017
 
Description Industry - Multimode amplifiers
Amount £14,750 (GBP)
Organisation Phoenix Photonics Ltd. 
Sector Private
Country United Kingdom
Start 03/2016 
End 03/2017
 
Description Manufacturing Advanced Functional Materials
Amount £3,125,000 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/M015130/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 02/2015 
End 01/2020
 
Description Manufacturing the Future
Amount £2,476,881 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/M015173/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 05/2015 
End 04/2020
 
Description NDFIS Mid-range infrastructures
Amount £2,500,000 (GBP)
Funding ID NS/A000021/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 11/2013 
End 10/2018
 
Description NTU (singapore)
Amount £175,222 (GBP)
Funding ID Nanostructured Fibre and Mid-IR Fibre 
Organisation Nanyang Technological University 
Sector Academic/University
Country Singapore
Start 04/2013 
End 07/2014
 
Description National Hub in High Value Photonic Manufacturing
Amount £10,220,000 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/N00762X/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2016 
End 12/2022
 
Description Programmable channel reconfiguration
Amount £169,000 (GBP)
Organisation Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 03/2016 
End 02/2017
 
Description Programme Grant - AirGuide Photonics
Amount £6,160,545 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/P030181/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 06/2017 
End 05/2023
 
Description University Research Fellowship
Amount £467,623 (GBP)
Organisation The Royal Society 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2015 
End 10/2020
 
Description Application of HC-PBGFs for high capacity, low latency transmission 
Organisation Coriant
Country Germany 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Development of state of the art hollow core fibres for data transmission
Collaborator Contribution Provided access to commercial grade state of the art data transmission testbeds worth several £100k for carrying out trials of realistic scale.
Impact Assessment of hollow core PBGFs for data transmission. First demonstration of DWDM high capacity transmission in HC-PBGFs; record transmission capacity and distance over this type of fibres
Start Year 2012
 
Description Aston - Doran 
Organisation Aston University
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Prof N Doran participated in the Technical Advisory Board of the Programme
Collaborator Contribution Prof N Doran participated in the Technical Advisory Board of the Programme
Impact Research progress and direction was openly discussed in regular meetings. The collaboration helped shape the research in the Programme.
Start Year 2010
 
Description BBC - Chambers 
Organisation British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC)
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution C Chambers participated in the Technical Advisory Board of the Programme
Collaborator Contribution C Chambers participated in the Technical Advisory Board of the Programme
Impact Research progress and direction was openly discussed in regular meetings. The collaboration helped shape the research in the Programme.
Start Year 2010
 
Description BT - HCPBGF 
Organisation BT Group
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Provided special optical fibre for transmission experiments.
Collaborator Contribution Passive optical network testbed and associated expertise.
Impact This is work currently in progress.
Start Year 2017
 
Description CERN radiation hard fibres 
Organisation European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
Department CERN - Other
Country Switzerland 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Our centre has developed novel Hollow Core Photonic Bandgap Fibres for short and medium range data transmission links, which guide light in an air core and thus are thus expected to have significantly higher radiation hardness as compared to standard all solid fibres.
Collaborator Contribution The group at CERN has carried out experiments and demonstrated a 100x reduction of radiation induced loss in pilot trials even under very high dose gamma irradiation.
Impact Participation to specialist conference (TWEPP 2013) and publication on high impact journal: L Olanterä et al 2013 JINST 8 C12010 doi:10.1088/1748-0221/8/12/C12010
Start Year 2012
 
Description Cambridge - Selective mode excitation in fibres 
Organisation University of Cambridge
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Fibre expertise, characterisation and test.
Collaborator Contribution Design (Oxford) and implementation (Cambridge) of devices for selectively exciting modes in few-mode fibres
Impact Publication of four joint publications: [1] F. Feng, X. Q. Jin, D. O'Brien, F. Payne, Y. M. Jung, Q. Y. Kang, P. Barna, J. K. Sahu, S. U. Alam, D. J. Richardson, and T. D. Wilkinson, "All-optical mode-group multiplexed transmission over a graded-index ring-core fiber with single radial mode," Optics Express, vol. 25, pp. 13773-13781, Jun 2017. [2] X. Q. Jin, A. Gomez, K. Shi, B. C. Thomsen, F. Feng, G. S. D. Gordon, T. D. Wilkinson, Y. M. Jung, Q. Y. Kang, P. Barua, J. Sahu, A. Shaif-ul, D. J. Richardson, D. C. O'Brien, and F. P. Payne, "Mode Coupling Effects in Ring-Core Fibers for Space-Division Multiplexing Systems," Journal of Lightwave Technology, vol. 34, pp. 3365-3372, Jul 2016. [3] F. Feng, X. H. Guo, G. S. D. Gordon, X. Q. Jin, F. P. Payne, Y. Jung, Q. Kang, S. Alam, P. Barua, J. K. Sahu, D. J. Richardson, I. H. White, T. D. Wilkinson, and Ieee, "All-optical Mode-Group Division Multiplexing Over a Graded-Index Ring-Core Fiber with Single Radial Mode," in 2016 Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exhibition, 2016. [4] F. Feng, G. S. D. Gordon, X. Q. Jin, D. C. O'Brien, F. P. Payne, Y. Jung, Q. Kang, J. K. Sahu, S. U. Alam, D. J. Richardson, T. D. Wilkinson, and Ieee, "Experimental Characterization of a Graded-Index Ring-Core Fiber Supporting 7 LP Mode Groups," in 2015 Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exhibition, 2015.
Start Year 2015
 
Description Cambridge - Selective mode excitation in fibres 
Organisation University of Oxford
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Fibre expertise, characterisation and test.
Collaborator Contribution Design (Oxford) and implementation (Cambridge) of devices for selectively exciting modes in few-mode fibres
Impact Publication of four joint publications: [1] F. Feng, X. Q. Jin, D. O'Brien, F. Payne, Y. M. Jung, Q. Y. Kang, P. Barna, J. K. Sahu, S. U. Alam, D. J. Richardson, and T. D. Wilkinson, "All-optical mode-group multiplexed transmission over a graded-index ring-core fiber with single radial mode," Optics Express, vol. 25, pp. 13773-13781, Jun 2017. [2] X. Q. Jin, A. Gomez, K. Shi, B. C. Thomsen, F. Feng, G. S. D. Gordon, T. D. Wilkinson, Y. M. Jung, Q. Y. Kang, P. Barua, J. Sahu, A. Shaif-ul, D. J. Richardson, D. C. O'Brien, and F. P. Payne, "Mode Coupling Effects in Ring-Core Fibers for Space-Division Multiplexing Systems," Journal of Lightwave Technology, vol. 34, pp. 3365-3372, Jul 2016. [3] F. Feng, X. H. Guo, G. S. D. Gordon, X. Q. Jin, F. P. Payne, Y. Jung, Q. Kang, S. Alam, P. Barua, J. K. Sahu, D. J. Richardson, I. H. White, T. D. Wilkinson, and Ieee, "All-optical Mode-Group Division Multiplexing Over a Graded-Index Ring-Core Fiber with Single Radial Mode," in 2016 Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exhibition, 2016. [4] F. Feng, G. S. D. Gordon, X. Q. Jin, D. C. O'Brien, F. P. Payne, Y. Jung, Q. Kang, J. K. Sahu, S. U. Alam, D. J. Richardson, T. D. Wilkinson, and Ieee, "Experimental Characterization of a Graded-Index Ring-Core Fiber Supporting 7 LP Mode Groups," in 2015 Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exhibition, 2015.
Start Year 2015
 
Description Coriant High data rate HC-PBGF transmission trials 
Organisation Coriant
Country Germany 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Our centre has developed novel Hollow Core Photonic Bandgap Fibres for low latency data transmission applications. These fibres can be operated both as single mode and as few mode fibres over the distance of few hundred meters to a few kilometres.
Collaborator Contribution Coriant has carried out transmission system tests using high specs commercial equipment and have achieved several record data transmission rates in the HC-PBGFs developed by the ORC, using spatial division multiplexing and a variety of advanced data transmission formats.
Impact Y. Jung, V. Sleiffer, N. Baddela, M. Petrovich, J. R. Hayes, N. Wheeler, D. Gray, E. R. Numkam Fokoua, J. Wooler, N. Wong, F. Parmigiani, S. Alam, J. Surof, M. Kuschnerov, V. Veljanovski, H. Waardt, de, F. Poletti, and D. J. Richardson, "First Demonstration of a Broadband 37-cell Hollow Core Photonic Bandgap Fiber and Its Application to High Capacity Mode Division Multiplexing," in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2013, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper PDP5A.3. http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-2013-PDP5A.3 Poletti, F., Wheeler, N., Baddela, N., Jung, Y., Wooler, J., Gray, D., Numkam, E., Hayes, J., Slavik, R., Alam, S.U., Sandogchi, S.R., Sleiffer, V.A.J.M., Kuschnerov, M., Petrovich, M. & Richardson, D.J. (2013). Recent advances in photonic bandgap fiber technology. Conference Paper : Proceedings IEEE Photonics Society Summer Topicals Meeting 2013, 8-10 July 2013, Waikoloa, Hawaii, USA, (pp. TuC4.4-(115/116)). Invited paper. http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/PHOSST.2013.6614513
Start Year 2010
 
Description Customized Hollow core fibres for novel Gas sensing schemes 
Organisation IS Instruments
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Development of hollow core fibres tailored for IS gas sensing applications
Collaborator Contribution Support of a CASE Studentship; awarded and leading an Innovate UK grant in late 2015
Impact Support of new high value gas sensor instruments at IS Instruments (commercially sensitive)
Start Year 2015
 
Description Development of custom SDM fibres 
Organisation OFS Denmark
Country Denmark 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Characterisation of novel few-mode fibres for spatial division multiplexing
Collaborator Contribution Provided about 12 samples of state of the art SDM fibres to be tested at the ORC and used for transmission tests value >£20,000
Impact Support of new products at OFS (commercially sensitive)
Start Year 2010
 
Description Development of custom active and passive fibres for spatial division multiplexing 
Organisation Yangtze Optical Fibre & Cable (Shanghai) Company Ltd.
Country China 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Characterisation of novel few-mode fibres for spatial division multiplexing
Collaborator Contribution Provided about 5 samples >1km length of state of the art SDM fibres to be tested at the ORC - value >£10,000
Impact Support of new products at YFTC (commercially sensitive)
Start Year 2010
 
Description Development of custom spatial division multiplexing (SDM) and low latency fibres and their use in datacom systems. 
Organisation Pulitzer Arts Foundation
Country United States 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Design and fabrication of custom low latency fibre and multicore fibre for integration with Polatis' Devices
Collaborator Contribution Provided test equipment worth £65,000 on a long term loan; Testing of custom designed ORC fibres in a device configuration.
Impact Support of ongoing activities and new products at Polatis (commercially sensitive)
Start Year 2014
 
Description High-capacity transmission in HC-PBGFs 
Organisation University College London
Department Speech, Hearing & Phonetic Sciences
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Provision of specialty fibre.
Collaborator Contribution Telecommunications systems expertise.
Impact On-going work.
Start Year 2016
 
Description NPL thermal sensitivity HC-PBGF 
Organisation National Physical Laboratory
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Our centre has developed novel Hollow Core Photonic Bandgap Fibres for data transmission applications. These fibres guide light in an air core and thus are thus expected to have significantly lower sensitivity to thermal phase noise, and thus to be more suitable to transfer ultraprecise timing signals as compared to standard all solid fibres.
Collaborator Contribution The group at NPL has carried out experiments and demonstrated a >18x reduction in thermal sensitivity in HC-PBGFs as compared to standard single mode fibres.
Impact publications planned & applications for further funding.
Start Year 2012
 
Description Oclaro - A Carter 
Organisation Oclaro
Country United States 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution A Carter participated in the Technical Advisory Board of the Programme
Collaborator Contribution A Carter participated in the Technical Advisory Board of the Programme
Impact Research progress and direction was openly discussed in regular meetings. The collaboration helped shape the research in the Programme.
Start Year 2010
 
Description Phoenix Photonics 
Organisation Phoenix Photonics Ltd.
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Contributed on the development of components of a few-moded fibre amplifier
Collaborator Contribution Expertise on product development. Commercialisation of research
Impact Developed commercial product.
Start Year 2014
 
Description TuE HC-PBGF transmission trials 
Organisation Eindhoven University of Technology
Country Netherlands 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Our centre has developed novel Hollow Core Photonic Bandgap Fibres for low latency data transmission applications
Collaborator Contribution . The group at TU/e has carried out transmission system tests achieving the higher capacity x distance demonstrated to date in a HC-PBGF.
Impact R. van Uden, C. Okonkwo, H. Chen, N. V. Wheeler, F. Poletti, M. Petrovich, D. J. Richardson, H. de Waardt, and A. Koonen, "8.96Tb/s (32×28GBaud×32QAM) Transmission over 0.95 km 19 cell Hollow-Core Photonic Bandgap Fiber," in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper W4J.3. http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-2014-W4J.3
Start Year 2010
 
Description UCC 2 micron HC-PBGF transmission 
Organisation University College Cork
Country Ireland 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Our centre has developed novel Hollow Core Photonic Bandgap Fibres with low loss at the 2 micron wavelength.
Collaborator Contribution The group at UCC/Tyndall has carried out full transmission system experiments within the novel transmission window at 2 microns.
Impact M. N. Petrovich, F. Poletti, J. P. Wooler, A.M. Heidt, N.K. Baddela, Z. Li, D.R. Gray, R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, N.V. Wheeler, J.R. Hayes, E. Numkam, L. Gruner-Nielsen, B. Pálsdóttir, R. Phelan, B. Kelly, John O'Carroll, M. Becker, N. MacSuibhne, J. Zhao, F.C. Garcia Gunning, A.D. Ellis, P. Petropoulos, S.U. Alam, and D.J. Richardson, "Demonstration of amplified data transmission at 2 µm in a low-loss wide bandwidth hollow core photonic bandgap fiber," Opt. Express 21, 28559-28569 (2013) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-21-23-28559 N.MacSuibhne, Z.Li, B.Baeuerle, J.Zhao, J.P.Wooler, S.U.Alam, F.Poletti, M.N.Petrovich, A.M.Heidt, N.V.Wheeler, N.K.Baddela, E.Numkam Fokoua, I.P.Giles, D.J.Giles, R.Phelan, J.O'Carroll, B.Kelly, D.Murphy, B.Corbett, A.D.Ellis, F.C.Garcia Gunning, D.J.Richardson "WDM transmission at 2 microns over low-loss hollow core photonic bandgap fiber" OFC '13 Los Angeles 17-21 Mar 2013
Start Year 2010
 
Description UCL - Seeds 
Organisation University College London
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Prof A Seeds participated in the Technical Advisory Board of the Programme
Collaborator Contribution Prof A Seeds participated in the Technical Advisory Board of the Programme
Impact Research progress and direction was openly discussed in regular meetings. The collaboration helped shape the research in the Programme.
Start Year 2010
 
Title APPARATUS AND A METHOD FOR THE CONTINUOUS PRODUCTION OF GLASS INSULATED MICROWIRE 
Description APPARATUS AND A METHOD FOR THE CONTINUOUS PRODUCTION OF GLASS INSULATED MICROWIRE 
IP Reference  
Protection Patent application published
Year Protection Granted 2016
Licensed Commercial In Confidence
Impact None
 
Company Name Lumenisity Ltd 
Description Lumenisity is a very recently formed University spin out concerned with commercialising optical fibre technology for diverse applications. 
Year Established 2016 
Impact company has only just recently secured funding.
 
Description Family Science and Engineering Day 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Family Science and Engineering Day
3 separate events, UoS campus
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Outreach Event - Pint of Science 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact F Parmigiani presented the importance of her research and its societal impact at a general audience. This was organised as part of the annual "Pint of Science" national event, during which prominent scientists and engineers discuss their work at events organised in public houses.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Science Museum 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact London Science Museum
2 x Shows.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Science and Engineering Day 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Science and Engineering Day
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Skype presentation to secondary-school students 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Prof P Petropoulos presented the work carried out at the clean-rooms of the University of Southampton to a group of secondary education students attending from their local school in Greece. The presentation was over a Skype video teleconference from within the clean-room area.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description outreach in schools 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Visit to schools, engagement with 4,200 pupils and members of general public, interactive experience with photonics.

increased number of schoools asking for outreach activities. requests from museums.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014,2015