SID: An Exploration of Super-Identity

Lead Research Organisation: University of Southampton
Department Name: School of Psychology

Abstract

The capacity to identify one another is paramount. It underpins social dialogue, commercial transactions, individual entitlements to goods and services and issues of legal and criminal responsibility. In today's society, each of these activities can take place both within the real world and the cyber world making the concept of identity, and the process of identification, more challenging than ever before. The SID project addresses this challenge through an ambitious and innovative programme of work, bringing together experts from a diverse spectrum of scientific domains ranging from automated biometrics, cyber-psychology, forensic anthropology, human-computer interaction, mathematical modelling, and complex data visualisation. In addition, the project is backed by key industrial and governmental stakeholders, represented through an Advisory Group and providing direct input throughout the project.

The first stage of the project is to define the set of identity measures of interest and to gather relevant datasets either from existing resources, or through active data collection from participants across diverse demographic populations. Our measures of interest will fall into four categories: static and behavioural measures in the real world; and static and behavioural measures in the cyber world. These measures will be the basis for our model of Super-Identity, and their selection will be informed by the input of analysts, and end-users within intelligence, e-commerce and forensic sectors. At this early stage, and throughout the life of the project, we explicitly examine the social, legal and ethical considerations associated with data privacy and data protection. Work Package 1 addresses these issues.

Once this framework is in place, extensive testing will be conducted to determine the accuracy and reliability of automated and human identification from each measure. This will determine (i) the confidence that should be attributed to each measure, (ii) the effect that changing contexts may have on that measure and (iii) the potential relationship between measures. The results of this phase of work will continually update our Super-Identity model enabling measures to be combined, cross-referenced, and weighted according to their individual confidence estimates. Work Package 2 addresses these issues.

Consideration of how to present the information to the end user is the crucial next stage. With the benefit of expertise in human computer interaction and data visualisation, and the participatory engagement from end-users, the model will be refined with specific attention to its visual presentation in a flexible yet intuitive format. Work Package 3 addresses these issues.

In combination, SID provides fusion of known measures, revelation of unknown measures, and quantification of certainty associated with each measure, and thus the identification decision overall. In this way, it provides a step-change in the way that we think about identity and identification, and in the value that it might hold for the real world.

Planned Impact

Reliable methods of identification are fundamental to all members of a modern society. Without these, our capacity to tell one person from another is compromised, with consequences for personal privacy, information safety, and criminal accountability. Inappropriate access to online bank accounts, sensitive data, or secure facilities can follow, jeopardising public safety and National Security. Similarly, in a criminal context, identification of the wrong suspect can contribute to the criminal trial, conviction, and sentencing of an innocent party, together with a failure to pursue the true perpetrator.

The work outlined here will address these concerns through exploration of the concept of a Super-Identity (SID). We pay particular attention to the robustness and predictive power that can result from a combination of identity cues, and to the capacity to quantify identification certainty given the certainty associated with individual inputs. Impact comes from the breadth of cues that SID will consider, including cues from real world and cyber domains. Novelty comes also from the capacity to use natural correlations of cues in a predictive capacity such that knowing about one aspect of identity can lead to the prediction of other aspects. With this in mind, we anticipate that there will be four major groups of beneficiaries for this research.

First, those involved in criminal investigation will benefit from the present research through access to a more thorough evaluation of identification. This will inform better practice in terms of evidence-gathering, and evidence-admissibility within court. Professor Black and Dr Stevenage have advised both the Crown Prosecution Service, and Defence lawyers in the past on matters of identification, and Professor Whitty is currently working with the Serious Organised Crime Agency (SOCA) to advise on the identification of romance scammers. These activities provide established platforms to disseminate our latest research findings.

Second, the Home Office will benefit from the present research through access to better understanding of identification both as a human- and an automated-process. This needs to be incorporated into the Police and Criminal Evidence (PACE) Act so that evidential standards and identification procedures are sensitive to the factors that affect identification across the multiple modalities through which it can now be demonstrated.

Third, security systems within governmental and industrial agencies on a worldwide stage will benefit through the capacity to develop tailored security software capable of using multiple biometric measures to verify identity. There is a very real movement in this direction given the concern over inefficiencies associated with access systems that rely on user memory (i.e., memory for PIN codes, passwords, or physical identity tokens). Professor Creese has extensive experience in the field of digital security, whilst Dr Guest is a recognised UK expert on signatures and biometrics, having edited two international Standards in this field. Both have extensive contacts with industry and governmental bodies to enable this project to achieve impact in the end-user communities most applicable.

Finally, and ultimately, we anticipate that individuals within society will benefit from the present research. With better tools for human identification, there will bean improvement in the protection of personal privacy and data security, whilst maintaining user acceptability. Dr Stanton Fraser, together with Professors Whitty and Saxby, will work explicitly to examine the legal restrictions surrounding data use, and to consider public opinion on issues of social acceptability, and ethical use of information, given the suggestion within a revised Data Protection Directive to address the 'right' of anonymity. This work will have a valuable place in shaping future legal reforms in such matters.

Publications

10 25 50
 
Description The SuperIdentity team reflected the interests of a considerable number of experts across a wide range of disciplines. However, what united the project was a common interest in the area of identity and identification. At the outset, it may be useful to define the scope of the project. The overarching interest in identity did not cover identity in its broadest sense. The team did not address who an individual was at a particular moment in time, or how that persona may change across circumstances. Instead, the research focussed more discretely on identification - on defining who wrote an email or walked passed the bank, or showed their face on a CCTV camera. In this sense, the findings of the SuperIdentity project will have greatest value for those scientists and users who are interested in traditional and novel means to identity an individual across diverse contexts such as border control checks, police investigations, supermarket ID checks, identity assurance, etc.
The primary objective was to establish the reliability of an identity decision given a range of identity measures. Within the life of the project, a number of traditional static biometric measures were used including the face, iris and fingerprint, alongside a set of less frequently utilised measures including hand geometry and hand vein analysis. In line with the advice of the Parliamentary Science and Technology Select Committee report on the Current and Future uses of Biometric Data and Technologies, care was taken to explore dynamic cues including the voice, finger signatures, keystroke dynamics and swipe patterns. Several of these have revealed a novel arena for biometric work - biotechnics - with measures representing a temporal record of the unique motion of the physical body ((bio) via a digital device (technic).
The reliability of an identity decision was also examined from cues obtained from the digital domain and these were termed 'cybermetrics'. These included both static cybermetrics (such as an individual's username, or IP address), alongside dynamic or behavioural cybermetrics (such as browsing behaviours, social networking behaviours, the display of personality across online forums, and the disclosure of secrets (or lies) across face-to-face and technological communications).
For all of these measures, the research was guided by two questions: (i) was the measure reliable as a cue to identity, and (ii) was the measure robust under varying conditions. Results indicated realistic limits to the reliability of both biometrics and cybermetrics as cues to identity. Interestingly, however, they also revealed that individuals were more consistent in their behaviour than might have been assumed. Indeed, rather than taking advantage of the anonymity that the internet provides, and rather than following a desire to create an entirely new persona online, the research showed more stability than variation in how individuals portrayed themselves online and offline. Social norms shaped behaviour in different online contexts just as they do in different offline contexts, but the underlying consistency in portrayal was notable.
For the SuperIdentity team, this finding was highly significant. It suggested that the capacity to link online and offline identities to a single person was indeed feasible. In this regard, the novelty of the SuperIdentity project lay in its combination of information across both real and digital worlds to create a rich and modern picture of an individual. However, in considering this powerful and predictive use of identity information, the SuperIdentity project was necessarily concerned with the legal precedence for data fusion, and the social acceptability associated with the outcomes. With these very important factors in mind, the SuperIdentity project was guided by legal debate on identity, privacy and the use of personally identifying information. Given the rate of change in this area, the project was informed by, and contributed to, debates both in the UK Parliament, and the EU, with the result that a strong and clear picture is now emerging surrounding online identity, privacy and risk.
A series of workshops echoed this legal landscape. High-volume internet users were recruited to follow the project across a two-year period. Through their engagement, the SuperIdentity project was informed on issues of social acceptability and unacceptability. In this regard, there was both interest and acceptance for the combination of information when this was placed in the context of trusted investigations in the defence of an individual. Participants were also engaged in envisioning novel and future measures of identity. In contrast, it was evident that they worked hard to compartmentalise their online (and offline) lives, with different spaces for different purposes. Accordingly, the potential to forge a link between these segmented spaces raised concerns, especially if it could result in an online contact becoming able to physically interact with them in the real world.
Against this backdrop of legal and social concern, the SuperIdentity project has developed a framework that may be used to protect the interests of individuals. In 'investigative mode', this proof-of-concept tool is capable of combining information from both real world and cyber domains by drawing on known links between measures documented either in the existing literature or through the SuperIdentity research base. However, the tool is also capable of working in 'defensive mode' whereby it can indicate the most valuable pieces of information that an individual should protect if they want to maintain and protect their privacy. As such, the SuperIdentity project has addressed both the investigative needs of those working to identify but also protect individuals, and the privacy needs of those individuals who are concerned about their own security.
In concluding this project, the team is keen to acknowledge the guidance of its stakeholder community, and the involvement of its participants. The team has also contributed to the legal, social and ethical debates as they unfold in this field. Indeed, academic and policy considerations over data protection, privacy and individual rights continue through the legal reform over Data Protection, the impetus behind Digital Forensics, and the ongoing review of Investigatory Powers legislation here and abroad. Each of these debates may be characterised by a tension between the security needs of a community or nation, and the privacy needs of the individual. The SuperIdentity project recognises this ethical issue, within a field in which a balance point is sorely needed.
Exploitation Route The project has already achieved significant dissemination and impact through communication to several key audiences as follows:

General Public, especially school-aged children:
Awareness raising surrounding privacy online.

Government and Policy makers:
- Contribution to debates on the Parliamentary Select Committee report on The Future of Biometrics
- Government Chief Scientific Advisor's Annual Report on The Value of Forensic Science
- Advisory Committee debating the draft Investigatory Powers Bill

Police and Criminal Justice System:
Presentation of evidence to court relating to criminal convictions of a Paedophile Ring

Police and Intelligence Communities:
Trialling our prototype SuperIdentity Model for the combination, and prediction, of identity-related information

Academic and Research Communities:
Provision of new evidence, new methodologies, and new findings relating to biometric and cybermetric identification

Provision of input into ethical, social and legal debate surrounding user experience and privacy.

Data Management Contributions:
Provision of a case study for consideration regarding protection and storage of large personally sensitive datasets.
Sectors Aerospace, Defence and Marine,Communities and Social Services/Policy,Digital/Communication/Information Technologies (including Software),Education,Government, Democracy and Justice,Security and Diplomacy

URL http://www.southampton.ac.uk/superidentity
 
Description The findings from the SuperIdentity project have been used to take forward awareness and debate in several ways. Most significantly, this has been taken forward in government and policy circles through our stakeholders and Steering Committee members. However, we have also placed great importance on dissemination to lay audiences, particularly to school-aged children who represent the next generation of digital natives who may have questions about their online and offline identities. Government and Policy Input: 1. The team provided input to policy makers and government officials through a 'Westminster Users Workshop (25th October 2013), organised with and co-hosted by BIS 2. The team provided advice to the scoping exercise for the Foresight Report on The Future of Identity (BIS, January, 2012), 3. Stevenage, Black and Guest provided oral and written evidence to the Parliamentary Select Committee consideration of the 'Future of Biometrics' (published 7th March 2015). 4. Stevenage also contributed a case study within a chapter of the annual report of the Chief Scientific Advisor (2015). 5. Stevenage and Guest contributed to the POST note for UK Parliament on Forensic Language Analysis Court Impact: Scientific discovery has contributed to the admission of hand geometry and hand vein analysis within UK Courts of Lay, contributing to the conviction of 18 perpetrators to date. Ethical Debate: The PI led debate relating to ethics and privacy of data sharing, (Science Europe Debate, June 2015, Brussels) and ARMA Ethics and Data Management Workshops (February 2016). Public Engagement: In addition to the research process which involved the public, in particular school children, the SuperIdentity team delivered public engagement workshops or talks in a number of ways, the most significant of which was the Big Bang Fair (NEC Birmingham, 2015). In addition, we contributed to: University of Kent Research Event (May 2014) Bodyworks Exhibition (2013) Forensic Expo (2013) Big Bang Scotland (2013) Bath Digital Festival, (2014) Bath Taps (2013) Geek Nights (2012) Learn with US CSI day (2012) InTech Science Centre public event (2012)
First Year Of Impact 2012
Sector Aerospace, Defence and Marine,Digital/Communication/Information Technologies (including Software),Education,Government, Democracy and Justice,Security and Diplomacy
Impact Types Societal,Policy & public services

 
Description Consultation on the Investigatory Powers Bill (Draft)
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
 
Description Contribution to Government Chief Scientific Advisor's Annual Report 2015
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
URL https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/forensic-science-and-beyond
 
Description Gave evidence to Parliamentary Roundtable Discussion on Biometrics - Sept 2017
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
 
Description Input to Science and Technology Subcommittee: Biometrics
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
URL http://www.parliament.uk/business/committees/committees-a-z/commons-select/science-and-technology-co...
 
Description Input to Scoping exercise for Foresight Report on 'The Future of Identity'
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
URL https://www.gov.uk/government/collections/future-of-identity
 
Description Invited presentation to Biometrics Working Group, Teddington, February 2015 (Miguel-Hurtado
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
 
Description Invited presentation to Biometrics Working Group, Teddington, February 2015 - Stevenage
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
 
Description Oral evidence presented to Parliament for the House of Commons Select Committee report on the Future and Uses of Biometrics
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
 
Description Oral evidence to Cabinet Office, January 2015
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
 
Description POST note 2015
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Implementation circular/rapid advice/letter to e.g. Ministry of Health
URL http://researchbriefings.parliament.uk/ResearchBriefing/Summary/POST-PN-0509
 
Description Richard Guest and Sarah Stevenage gave evidence to the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology for a POST note on the topic of biometrics and the policy issues it raises
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
 
Description The SuperIdentity Model - trialled by Government
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Implementation circular/rapid advice/letter to e.g. Ministry of Health
 
Description EPSRC Delivery Fund - 'Bridging the Gaps' Award to Prof Stanton Fraser
Amount £19,943 (GBP)
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 07/2012 
End 03/2013
 
Description EPSRC Delivery Fund - A Coherent Approach to Global Uncertainties - Award to Professor Stanton Fraser
Amount £25,318 (GBP)
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2012 
End 06/2012
 
Description EPSRC Digital Personhood: 'Being there: Humans and robots in public space' to Professor Stanton Fraser
Amount £2,044,337 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/L00416X/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2013 
End 09/2016
 
Description EPSRC Meetings Fund
Amount £10,000 (GBP)
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 03/2015 
End 04/2015
 
Description Human-Like Computing - EPSRC/ESRC Joint funded call.
Amount £288,334 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/R030839/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 03/2018 
End 08/2020
 
Description Leverhulme Research Centre - Award to Professor Sue Black
Amount £10,000,000 (GBP)
Organisation The Leverhulme Trust 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 06/2016 
End 04/2021
 
Description Massive Open Online Course (MOOC) - Identifying the Dead
Amount £48,000 (GBP)
Organisation Matthew Trust 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country Unknown
Start  
 
Description Network of Excellence in Future of Identity
Amount £124,520 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/K00333X/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2012 
End 12/2015
 
Description Outreach Funds - 'CSI, CS-Why, CS-How' Award to Professor Sue Black
Amount £40,000 (GBP)
Organisation Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start  
 
Description Small Grants Scheme - Moving Hands Database - Award to Dr R Guest, Prof Stevenage, Prof Black
Amount £15,000 (GBP)
Organisation Government Communications Headquarters (GCHQ) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2016 
End 03/2016
 
Description dstl national studentship - Award to Prof Stevenage
Amount £121,312 (GBP)
Funding ID 12/13NatPHD_54 
Organisation Defence Science & Technology Laboratory (DSTL) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2012 
 
Title SuperIdentity Model 
Description Model to enable the combination of identity cues across biographic, biometric, cybermetric and personality domains. Model is capable of working in investigative mode, defensive mode, and capability mode given different stakeholder requirements. 
Type Of Material Computer model/algorithm 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact Model was showcased at a Governmental briefing (November 2013) at Westminster. Model undergoes user testing and shaping (October - December 2014). Governmental involvement in robust testing (October 2014 - March 2015). 
 
Title SuperIdentity Stimulus Database 
Description A database of biometric, cybermetric, biographic and personality data all drawn from 121 individuals. Due to concerns regarding data linkage and subject reidentification, and consequent concerns over data protection, data management, and ethical standards, the members of the award collectively agreed that this database should not be released in its entirety for use by the research community. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact As a result of the team's consideration of the ethics behind the database, an application has been made to hold a Royal Society Scientific Debate to address the responsibilities of data sharing, data management, and data privacy. 
 
Description PNNL 
Organisation U.S. Department of Energy
Department Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Country United States 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Staff committment to effective partnership and collaboration through joint meetings, site visits, joint authorship of common research papers.
Collaborator Contribution Staff committment to effective partnership and collaboration through joint meetings, site visits, joint authorship of common research papers.
Impact See publications list
Start Year 2011
 
Description The SuperIdentity Stimulus Database 
Organisation Home Office
Department Centre for Applied Science and Technology
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Collection of a database of biographic, biometric, cybermetric and personality data from 121 individuals
Collaborator Contribution Contributions to methodology, and equipment
Impact Establishment of database for use by researchers on the grant. Considerable discussion of issues of ethical data management and data privacy given concerns of data linkage and subject reidentification. These discussions have led to the development and submission of a bid for a Royal Society Scientific Meeting (decision jan 2015).
Start Year 2012
 
Description A Holistic Perspective to CyberSecurity (ACE: Cybersecurity:Southampton) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Formal presentation followed by Quetions and Answers with the Stakeholders for the Academic Centre for Excellence in CyberSecurity: Southampton

Increased collaborative support with Stakeholders. Increased awareness of project aims and preliminary findings.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Bath Taps into Science 2013 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Interactive workshop at annual science event.

Increased visibility of work of the SuperIdentity team
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013,2014
 
Description Bodyworks 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Bodyworks Exhibition, Installation launched at Glasgow Science Centre, (March 27th 2013 for three years).

Increased interests in subject.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013,2014
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fwF4eGkvkD0
 
Description British Education and Training Technology Exhibit 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Exhibit at this annual event
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description CyberSecurity and Psychology (IBM) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Formal presentation followed by questions and answers.
As a result, collaborative discussions were initiated with members of IBM.

As a result, collaborative discussions were initiated with members of IBM.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Ethics and Data Management in the SuperIdentity Project - Brussels 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation and Debate sponsored by Science Europe, resulting in a written report, and subsequent speaker invitations.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Forensic Expo - Olympia London 2013 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Exhibitor at the Forensics Europe Expo held at Olympia, ondon, 24-25th April.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description HOSEC Presentation 2017 - Dr R M Guest 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited resentation given to the HOSEC meeting 2017
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description ILAWS Inworkshop 2013 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Presentation followed by interactive discussion to scope a potential book outline/programme of research questions.

Book outline drafted for a commissioned book/legal paper. Increased visibility of the work fo the Superidentity team. Forthcoming Research Symposium planned - due to be delivered in November 2014.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Ignite 2014 (Digital for Good: SuperIdentity) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Workshop and interactive discussions to annual science event for public engagement

Increased visibility of the work of the Superidentity team.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description OMNISECURE 2017 Presentation 2017 - Dr R M Guest 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Exploring identity linkages: possibilities for enhanced authentication and risk assessment,
Presented by Dr R M Guest,
OMNISECURE 2017, Berlin, Germany
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Presentation to National Crime Agency, London, November 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation on the value of data fusion as a way to enhance identification of individuals within the context of the SuperIdentity model
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Revealing Identity: CSI day for Year 8 students 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Interactive workshops delivered, with pupil engagement, pupil evaluation, and teacher packs to support in-class activities with the wider group of students in a class, using the Gifted and Talented students as champions.

Good feedback received, and annual request for input to the Outreach programme.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Seminar presented to Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), US, April, 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Seminar providing an overview of the SuperIdentity project to collaborators and contributors at our Partner Organisation (PNNL)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description SuperIdentity and Future Plans (Metropolitan Police) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation of Superidentity approach and findings to date.
Pitch of Future Research Directions.
Question and Answer session afterwards.

After the talk, audience members are actively considering the commissioning of follow-on work.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description SuperIdentity: Linkage across Real and Cyber Contexts (ACE: Cybersecurity: Southampton) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Poster Presentation with Question and Answer Session at the Opening of the Academic Centre for Excellence in CyberSecurity: Southampton.
Followed by Mention and Summary in Ministerial Opening Speech.

Visibility of the Research Programme. Increased interest in collaboration as a result.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description SuperIdentity: The Fusion of Cues across Online and Offline Contexts (Westminster Briefing) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation of the aims of the SuperIdentity Project, summary of main findings.
Question and Answers session aftewards with Government stakeholders, followed by hands-on workshop opportunities.

A number of key contacts were made who are now integral to user-testing.
Governmental bodies are now collaborating on approaches to implement the findings.
One Governmental body is now trialling our software.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Talks in 20 Schools in Oxford area 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Interactive talks delivered followed by questions and answers afterwards. Encouragement to consider science-related careers, and to learn about the results of our scientific approaches within the SuperIdentity team.

Students reported interest following talks.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description The Big Bang (Birmingham) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact This is scheduled to take place in March 2015. We deliver 4 workshops of an hour long, 4 times a day for 4 days. We invite hands on interactive investigation by encouraging visitors to become Identity Detectives for the day.

Engagement with Schools will be invited through lesson plans that can be taken back to class, and through online resources provided by the SuperIdentity team members.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description The Big Bang (Edinburgh) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Science Exhbition and Interactive Stand promoting interactive engagement

School children's engagement and interest rose, as indicated by numbers of visitors to the stand.
Queens Anniversary Prize for Higher Education for 'World Class Excellence' in the field of Hand Analysis
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description The SuperIdentity Project - Ethics and Data management - ARMA Feb 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited presentation and debate to the Association of Research Managers and Administrators. Rated 4.6/5 with a repeat invitation for subsequent years.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description The SuperIdentity Project at the Bath Digital Festival 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Presentation to a Lay Audience
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description The SuperIdentity Project: ACE in CyberSecurity: Oxford 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Talk followed by questions and answers.

Increased visiblity of the work of colleagues at Oxford, and the SuperIdentity Project more generally.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description UKIERI Anglo India Delegation to New Delhi 2013 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact A week's programme of talks, workshops and information sharing, leading to an articulation of priorities for funders in the area of CyberSecurity, and stimulating collaborative development of research proposals across India and UK.

Invitation for future collaborations in this area.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description University of Bath VC Engaged Research Showcase 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Exhibitor at the University showcase
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description University of Kent Research Event 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Talk followed by questions and answers.

Increased visibility of the work of Dr Guest and the SuperIdentity team.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Westminster Engagement Event with Practitioners 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Westminster briefing of all government and law enforcement stakeholders with an interest in identification. Briefing took the form of a formal presentation, and then a hands-on showcase of the software being developed, with an opportunity for participants t6o become involved in ongoing and future work.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description What does your Avatar say about You? (INTECH) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Hands on activity with members of the public in a workshop-style public engagement event at a local Science Centre: INTECH (Winchester, Hampshire).

Interest and raising of awareness in a fun workshop session.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Who am I (publication in International Innovation) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Article in International Innovation - a hard copy and online scientific magazine for lay audiences and practitioners.
Article based on initial interview about the SuperIdentity project, and a written question and answer section with experts from the project.

Increased exposure for the project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013