Tomographic Imaging

Lead Research Organisation: University of Manchester

Abstract

Computed Tomography (CT) is a powerful non-destructive evaluation (NDE) technique for producing 2-D cross-sections and 3-D images of an object from a series of 2D projections (shadowgraphs). Critical to the process is the computer algorithms that are able to reconstruct the 3D images from many (often over a thousand) shadowgraphs. There are two critical steps to obtaining useful information from tomography i) the reconstruction of a 3D image from 2D projections and ii) the analysis and quantification of features in the 3d object. While the techniques is rapidly growing in popularity, most users have fairly limited options when trying to recover the 3D image and are able to write only fairly primitive computer programs to extract key features from the images. The aim of this Collaborative Project is to establish a toolbox within which different reconstruction algorithms, artefact reduction codes, and image analysis procedures are made available to all.

Planned Impact

Society
The Flagship project will deliver considerable benefit in the area of Medical Imaging. Image guided radiation therapy (IGRT) equipment with integrated kilo-voltage X-ray cone-beam CT underpins the standard of care recommended by the National Radiotherapy Advisory Group in 2007. Indeed practicing clinical experts in medical x-ray CT within our network helped to develop IGRT treatment machines within an international consortium, such that the world's first IGRT treatment was actually delivered in Manchester at The Christie. The involvement of such experts will enable gains to be drawn down into medical imaging. Further with an installed base of approximately 240 linear accelerator treatment machines in the UK, a national build up to some ~0.25 Pbytes a year of reconstructed image volumes can be anticipated. Improved image quality will be essential to support dynamic tumour targeting, treatment intervention and adaptation. We already have academics involved in clinical medicine from Manchester, Liverpool, Leeds, Nottingham committed to becoming involved in the network; this will provide a significant pathway to impact.

Economy
The flagship project will benefit industrial inspection: At present there are 1000s of x-ray radiography machines operating in industry, primarily at Airports and for quality inspection. Fast CT machines coupled with automatic threat recognition will start to replace radiography over the next five years.

Industrial attendees will be encouraged to attend the training and science workshops and the PDRA will be expected to identify from our industrial partners the key issues from their perspective prior to developing the algorithms. We have already received commitment from Gatan, Nikon Xtek, Xradia and Simpleware who manufacture x-ray imagers or software that relies on tomography data to participate. As well as being key to our providing access to image data formats used to record data collected on their equipment, this will provide a pathway to exploitation of the software by UK users of their equipment and software.

As a guide to anticipated take-up, toolboxes for space weather developed by Cathryn Mitchell (UoB) are used in over 10 countries. Obviously the CCP covers a much broader range of tomography applications and more industrial users and consequently the uptake is expected to be far greater than this (see Critical Success Factors). Further, as the CCP develops and broadens its remit into other tomographic applications (e.g. PET, TEM, etc) this community will grow.

Knowledge
One of the key pathways to impact will be the two annual workshops and training exercises. These will enable knowledge transfer to the academic community. In addition much of the supporting information to enable the community to draw down the algorithms will be provided on the web. The travel budget of the PDRA is also sufficient to allow them to meet with academics across the country to help maximise knowledge transfer.

People
The groups at Manchester and Bath have a strong record of developing young researchers with 16 students going on to lectureships or chairs. Involvement in a multidisciplinary community is expected to provide an incubator for new scientists and engineers on the Harwell site.

Finally, visual information can be a great aid to understanding ('seeing is believing'). This project will deliver results that can be appreciated by the novice as well as the expert. To this end it will have a significant public engagement mission developing short animations that showcase the imaging outcomes for showing to politicians, industrialists, members of the people as well as schoolchildren. These will be made available for all within the network to use for advocacy on behalf of the project.

Publications

10 25 50

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Bradley RS (2016) Post-processing techniques for making reliable measurements from curve-skeletons. in Computers in biology and medicine

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Lionheart W (2015) Diffraction tomography of strain in Inverse Problems

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Ametova E (2021) Crystalline phase discriminating neutron tomography using advanced reconstruction methods in Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics

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Kazantsev D (2016) Temporal sparsity exploiting nonlocal regularization for 4D computed tomography reconstruction. in Journal of X-ray science and technology

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Jørgensen J (2017) SparseBeads data: benchmarking sparsity-regularized computed tomography in Measurement Science and Technology

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Kazantsev D (2015) Employing temporal self-similarity across the entire time domain in computed tomography reconstruction. in Philosophical transactions. Series A, Mathematical, physical, and engineering sciences

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Blumensath T (2015) Non-convexly constrained image reconstruction from nonlinear tomographic X-ray measurements. in Philosophical transactions. Series A, Mathematical, physical, and engineering sciences

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Papoutsellis E (2021) Core Imaging Library - Part II: multichannel reconstruction for dynamic and spectral tomography. in Philosophical transactions. Series A, Mathematical, physical, and engineering sciences

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Jørgensen JS (2021) Core Imaging Library - Part I: a versatile Python framework for tomographic imaging. in Philosophical transactions. Series A, Mathematical, physical, and engineering sciences

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Gajjar P (2018) New software protocols for enabling laboratory based temporal CT. in The Review of scientific instruments

 
Description The aim of this Collaborative Project (called CCPi) was to establish a toolbox within which different reconstruction algorithms, artefact reduction codes, and image analysis procedures are made available to all. Further, it has built up a networked community of X-ray CT users across the UK, which has grown to over 200 people - who can all gain access to the new software. The grant has provided a great environment for developing researchers with 10 PDRAs going on to lectureships elsewhere, as well as supporting the fellowships for Russell Garwood (1851 Fellow), Philip manning (STFC fellow), Paul Shearing (Royal Acad Eng Fellow) and Bart Winiarski (EPSRC/NPL Fellow) who won the US Society for Experimental Mechanics award with Philip Withers for the best applications paper 2012-13 for residual stress by FIB.

In addition it has co-sponsored a series of national meetings including the ToSCA series looking at the applications of CT, as well as more technical meetings aimed at helping the UK users to acquire new skills. It has reached out to over 1000 people through the network and these public events. In addition, it has reached out to the wider public through science festivals and events.

The new software has supported many exciting in-situ imaging applications covering a wide range of time and length scales, e.g. the development, testing and validation of multi-scale modelling based on monitoring the evolution of real micro-structures; following corrosion, fatigue, stress, and many other degradation processes; in-situ monitoring of chemical processes such as fuel cell operation; in-situ processing: chemical manufacturing processes; nano-fabrication processes and in-vitro studies of bio-scaffolds.
Exploitation Route The CPPi network has continued to grow and has received further funding both to develop new software and to support the training of the UK community. It has since grown to a community of over 400 and the Flagship grant (EP/P02226X/1) it sponsored is providing software for colour (multi-channel) CT which is being used at the ISIS Facility.

The grant also led to the 2018 UK X-ray CT Roadmap which reached out to 100's of participants through town meetings and questionnaires. This led to a call for a National Research Facility of Laboratory X-ray CT. This £10M funded project is due to start in August and will support the UK academic and industrial community, particularly with respect to in-situ experiments and multi-scale, multi-modal CT.
Sectors Aerospace, Defence and Marine,Construction,Energy,Manufacturing, including Industrial Biotechology,Culture, Heritage, Museums and Collections,Transport

 
Description This grant has helped to support the emerging UK computed tomography community with a toolbox of algorithms to increase the quality and level of information. Over the course of the project the community grew to over 200 members and, thanks to follow-on support, has now expanded to over 400 members. The CCPi supports industry and the wider development of X-ray CT for digital metrology through the D-XCT conference and workshops. The outcomes from this initial grant impacted researchers from a huge variety of disciplines, including materials science, geology, medicine, biology, through access to state-of-the-art software and training.
First Year Of Impact 2013
Sector Aerospace, Defence and Marine,Energy,Healthcare,Culture, Heritage, Museums and Collections,Pharmaceuticals and Medical Biotechnology,Transport
Impact Types Societal,Economic

 
Description EPSRC: Multiscale and In Situ Laboratory X-ray Computed Tomography National Research Facility
Amount £10,000,000 (GBP)
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 07/2020 
End 07/2025
 
Description EPSRC: Tomographic Imaging: UK Collaborative Computational Projects
Amount £296,693 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/T026677/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 08/2020 
End 03/2025
 
Description Imaging dynamics in biophysical/biochemical processes across the hierarchical scales (BioPro Network)
Amount £609,196 (GBP)
Funding ID MR/R025673/1 
Organisation Medical Research Council (MRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2018 
End 04/2022
 
Description Inline virtual qualification from 3D X-ray imaging for high-value manufacturing
Amount £1,025,110 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/R012091/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 02/2018 
End 01/2023
 
Description MAPP: EPSRC Future Manufacturing Hub in Manufacture using Advanced Powder Processes
Amount £10,315,413 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/P006566/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2016 
End 09/2023
 
Description NSFGEO-NERC Quantifying disequilibrium processes in basaltic volcanism
Amount £1,669,550 (GBP)
Funding ID NE/N018575/1 
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 08/2016 
End 10/2021
 
Description Next generation multidimensional x-ray imaging
Amount £1,219,152 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/M010619/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2015 
End 12/2019
 
Description Tomographic Imaging
Amount £238,693 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/M022498/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 07/2015 
End 08/2020
 
Title CCP Forge 
Description CCPForge started its life a collaborative software development environment tool for the Collaborative Computational Projects (CCP) community but now it has now broaden it scope to all UK computational research and development projects. There currently are 136 active projects with 2473 active users 
Type Of Material Computer model/algorithm 
Year Produced 2014 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Brought together a community of researchers who now organise meetings, workshops and training events, generated 10 wiki pages 
URL https://ccpforge.cse.rl.ac.uk/gf/
 
Title Hyperspectral X-ray CT Voxelized TV reconstruction of a single, iodine-stained lizard head sample 
Description Dataset description These datasets are voxel based reconstructions of hyperspectral CT data using the Core Imaging Library (CIL). They are stored as NeXus files (derived from hdf5) which can be read in, visualised and manipulated using CIL. - PDHG_TV_1000_Sp_alpha_0.004.nxs Is the solution after 1000 iterations of PDHG with TV applied in the spatial domain. - PDHG_TV_1000_SpCh_alpha_0.003_beta_0.5.nxs Is the solution after 1000 iterations of PDHG with TV applied both in the spatial domain, and in the energy (channel) domain. Dataset intended use These datasets are used in the CIL training notebook: https://github.com/TomographicImaging/CIL-Demos/blob/main/examples/3_Multichannel/03_Hyperspectral_reconstruction.ipynb They can be imported using CIL, with the following code snippet:
from cil.io import NEXUSDataReader reader = NEXUSDataReader(file_name='path/to/data/PDHG_TV_1000_Sp_alpha_0.004.nxs') data = reader.read()
 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2019 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact n/a 
URL https://zenodo.org/record/7016574
 
Title Hyperspectral X-ray CT data set of mineralised ore sample with Au and Pb deposits 
Description General data description: This is a hyperspectral (energy-resolved) X-ray CT projection data set of a mineralised ore sample with small gold and galena deposits. It was acquired in a laboratory micro-CT scanner with an energy-sensitive HEXITEC detector in the Henry Moseley X-ray Imaging Facility at The University of Manchester. The data included contains all the relevant files required for reconstruction, following a hyperspectral scan of a mineralised ore sample. The sample contains a number of mineral phases, of varying concentration, distributed throughout. Some phases (including gold, and lead-based Galena) produce unique absorption edges, which act as spectral identifiers that can be measured by an energy-sensitive detector. File descriptions: The data set consists of one .txt file and three .mat (MATLAB) data files. Au_rock_scan_geometry.txt gives a breakdown of the full sample and detector geometry used when acquiring the raw projections. The number of horizontal detector pixels accounts for the fact that a set of 5 tiled scans of the sample were collected and later stitched together. Au_rock_sinogram_full.mat contains the full 4D sinogram constructed following flat-field normalisation of the raw projection data. The data matrix contains the total number of energy channels acquired during scanning, as well as the conventional elements of vertical/horizontal detector pixel number and total projection angles. commonX.mat provides a direct conversion between the energy channels, and the energies (in keV) that they correspond to, following a calibration procedure prior to scanning. FF.mat contains the 4D flatfield data acquired when no sample was present. This data was used to normalise the projection datasets, as the sinogram was constructed. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2020 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact None 
URL https://zenodo.org/record/4157615
 
Title Universal Test data set for algorithmic development 
Description SophiaBeads Dataset are acquired specifically for testing and comparing reconstruction methods for x-ray computed tomography. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2016 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact None to date 
URL https://zenodo.org/record/16474#.WKbnVctvgy8
 
Title Iterative Tomographic Reconstruction code 
Description This project focuses on hardware acceleration of conventional and novel iterative reconstruction techniques for computed tomography. The idea is to develop software which will be highly effective for parallel beam reconstruction in limited and missing wedge problems. The software includes (restricted access for developes): •Projection-backprojection routines for parallel, fan beam geometry •Various iterative reconstruction modules: Landweber, CGLS, MLEM, OSEM, FISTA, Primal-Dual •Various regularisation procedures: Tikhonov-L2, TV-L1, Diffusion, Higher order PDEs, Non-local means, Patch-based penalties •Novel spatial-temporal regularisation techniques •Novel structurual priors for hybrid reconstruction •Real data reconstruction routines, artifacts removal 
Type Of Technology Software 
Year Produced 2015 
Impact It has been downloaded 2858 times 
URL https://ccpforge.cse.rl.ac.uk/gf/project/ccpi_itr/
 
Title Quantification code for tomography 
Description The plug-ins available at the moment are: •3D quantification - calculates various quantities from labelled 3D image, including particle size, PCA analysis and fitted surface data. •Connected components - can be used to label the separate components in a binary image. •Accessibe volume - calculate the accessible volume distribution for a 3D scaffold.(http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jmatprotec.2014.05.006) •Nexus Reader - Nexus reader to read Diamond Light Source data into image analysis software. 
Type Of Technology Software 
Year Produced 2015 
Impact Downloaded 3317 times 
URL https://ccpforge.cse.rl.ac.uk/gf/project/iqa/
 
Title The Core Imaging Library 
Description CIL is an open-source mainly Python framework for tomographic imaging for cone and parallel beam geometries. It comes with tools for loading, preprocessing, reconstructing and visualising tomographic data. 
Type Of Technology Webtool/Application 
Year Produced 2021 
Open Source License? Yes  
Impact This has grown to be used in many institutions across the UK, Europe and the US, many collaborations formed including with the ISIS neutron facility, EPAC laser facility. 
 
Description 12th annual Tomography for Scientific Advancement (ToScA) symposium 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Team member gave presentation at virtual conference
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description CIL @ ToScA UK & Europe 2022, Queen Mary University London, 7 - 9 September 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact We present the Core Imaging Library (CIL) - a versatile open-source Python package for tomographic imaging reconstruction and analysis. CIL can be used for the entire tomography data workflow from loading common lab and synchrotron X-ray CT data formats, pre-processing for various imperfections, reconstruction by filtered back-projection or a variety of iterative methods as well as data visualisation and exploration. CIL offers tools for conventional as well as challenging setups including in-situ experiments with imaging rigs, fast dynamic CT, hyper-spectral CT, and non-standard scan geometries such as laminography. In this talk, we give an overview of the functionality provided by CIL and provide multiple application examples, including comparisons of filtered back-projection reconstruction with emerging iterative reconstruction methods.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2022
URL https://www.ccpi.ac.uk/CIL
 
Description CIL Training @ ToScA UK 2021 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Hands-on training for the Core Imaging Library (CIL), an open-source reconstruction platform for challenging and novel data.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description CIL Training Course @ IBSim 18 October 2022 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Session 1: Introduction to XCT and the CIL framework for reconstruction of commercial lab-based XCT data with FBP/FDK
Session 2: Pre-processing of XCT data, e.g. centre of rotation correction
Session 3: Iterative reconstruction methods for standard XCT data
Session 4 (choose one of):
Reconstruction of data simulated from gVXR
Advanced iterative reconstruction with spectral XCT data
Advanced iterative reconstruction on laminography XCT data
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2022
URL https://ibsim.co.uk/events/ibsim-4i/registration/
 
Description Cheltenham Science Festival 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact We were part of the DinoZone and showed how light based technologies were used to examine fossils.Nearly 14,000 visitors came through and many people stopped and said "wow" as they walked in before getting involved.
We made a Lego model of a synchrotron where children (or adults) could insert balls and turn it on so the electron (balls) go round the ring
A game where children rolled ball bearings rolled down a ramp and changed their trajectory using magnets. This simulates how electrons are bent round the ring in a synchrotron. They won a sweet if they can control the ball to hit a target.
We have a video touchscreen kiosk that will run Dristhi Prayog software. This is a "public space ready" interface that allows users to interface with the 3D data generated by X-ray CT and synchrontrons. It has content showing data from fossils and archaeological human remains which have been scanned by X-ray CT
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.cheltenhamfestivals.com/science/science-in-the-square/dinozone/
 
Description Dataset training 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A training course was held over two days at Harwell Campus to help users with the Visualisation & quantification of tomographic datasets
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Diamond Open Days 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Diamond Open day 2013 "X-ray imaging of functional materials"
Diamond Open day 28-29 March 2014 "X-ray imaging on multiple length scales"
Diamond Open day 14-15 June 2014 "X-ray imaging on multiple length scales"
Diamond Open day 20 Aug 2014 "X-ray imaging on multiple length scales"
The MXIF staff has explained and given demonstrations (to include 3D printing demonstrations) to show how tomography is used to research problems in multiple length scales e.g. from looking inside bioactive implants to looking inside a battery during discharge

The impact from these open days has led to an increase in interest in GSCE science, and to showcase the Manchester X-Ray Imaging Facility to the public.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013,2014
 
Description Digital Volume Correlation. Training on iDVC 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Digital volume correlation (DVC) is used in material science to quantify the internal displacements and strain fields from in situ tomography experiments. This workshop will cover the theory of in situ tomography experiments and DVC analysis, followed by a practical session using the Collaborative Computational Project in Tomographic Imaging (CCPi) iDVC app.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2022
 
Description Fully3D Training School for the Synergistic Image Reconstruction Framework (SIRF) and Core Imaging Library (CIL) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This was an online training course for the image reconstruction, optimisation and regularisation software packages: Synergistic Image Reconstruction Framework (SIRF) and the Core Imaging Library (CIL).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description IBSim-4i (Image-Based Simulation for Industry) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Team member gave presentation at virtual conference
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://ibfem.co.uk/events/
 
Description Invited talk, PD Lee, History of X-ray Imaging of Materials 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact PD Lee gave an invited talk entittled "History of X-ray Imaging of Materials" at the in situ X-ray imaging: applications from aerospace to biotechnology workshop
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Invited talk, PD Lee, Imaging of Additive Manufacturing 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact PD Lee gave an invited talk entittled "Imaging of Additive Manufacturing " at the in situ X-ray imaging: applications from aerospace to biotechnology workshop
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Invited talk, PD Lee/RT, Bio applications - Covid case study 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact PD Lee gave an invited talk entitled "Bio applications - Covid case study" at the in situ X-ray imaging: applications from aerospace to biotechnology workshop
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Lunch-and-learn virtual seminar series 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A series of weekly virtual seminars with invited speakers.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020,2021
 
Description Network t-conf meetings 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Network t-conf meetings occur continually, with updated website, and regular newsletters, comprises talks and training events. The size of our community has risen from ~250 in 2013 to over 400 by the end of 2018; over 60% growth.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013,2014,2015,2016,2017,2018
 
Description Online Training - Introduction to the Core Imaging Library (CIL) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This short training course will introduce you to using CIL for pre-processing and reconstruction of tomographic data. You will be introduced to iterative reconstruction algorithms and compare these with the typical FBP/FDK reconstructions.
The course will be held remotely. The training material will be provided for you through the STFC cloud which you will access through a browser.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2022
 
Description Online Training - Introduction to the Core Imaging Library (CIL) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This short training course will introduce you to using CIL for pre-processing and reconstruction of tomographic data. You will be introduced to iterative reconstruction algorithms and compare these with the typical FBP/FDK reconstructions.
The course will be held remotely. The training material will be provided for you through the STFC cloud which you will access through a browser.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Organised Chaos 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Seven teachers from local primary schools came to meet with researchers to get ideas for communicating science in the class room
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Pi session 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The Museum of Science and Industry ran a special weekend event focusing on light based science and technologies. We took several interactive activities for the public to get involved with and learn about how synchrontrons and X-rays are used in material science.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Popular science talk to the Richmond Scientific Society 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact I gave a talk to 40 members of the Richmond Scientific Society and general public on "4D Science: how we use synchrotron x-ray glasses to see inside a volcano (and other materials).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Science into Drama 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact CBBC factual/entertainment development team and CBBC drama team came to the university and met with 7 academics in materials science. They wanted to know the potential impact of research being done today would have on the world/society in 50 years time.

The CBBC representatives were so inspired by the conversations that they would like to organise a much wider search for new ideas with the region's universities.Discussions are ongoing as to how CBBC can tap into experts from a range of STEM areas who could inspire 8-12 year olds.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Training school at PSMR2022 - Total body PET workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Workshop and training session for CIL
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2022
 
Description UK Research and Innovation Launch Event 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact PDL Participated in UK Research and Innovation (implementing policy)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://blogs.bl.uk/living-knowledge/2018/05/uk-research-and-innovation-launched-at-the-british-libr...
 
Description UKRI Research Infrastructure Roadmap Workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact PDL Participated in UKRI Research Infrastructure Roadmap Workshop (implementing policy) on 14 June
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018