Global Engagement for Global Impact: Strategic Interaction with China, India, Germany and USA

Lead Research Organisation: University College London
Department Name: Office of Vice Provost Research

Abstract

The importance of international collaborations in research is recognised both by individual researchers and by institutions and government, with studies showing that the average impact of publications resulting from these collaborations is significantly higher than that of papers with national co-authorship. This is a UCL-wide initiative to support a suite of networking, mobility and idea co-generation activities aimed at building and enhancing global links across five "Focus Areas" of the physical sciences and engineering. The long-term vision is to germinate and build new partnerships (namely in China and India), as well as cement and grow existing ones (in USA and Germany), resulting in world-class research collaborations and the exchange of leading expertise. The five research strands are based around UCL's disciplinary strengths in the areas of healthcare engineering, biochemical engineering, built environment and frontier areas of the physical sciences. The ultimate goal is to generate new, cutting edge insights with maximum potential for impact here in the UK, as well as mutual benefit overseas.

Activities will include collaborative projects, researcher exchanges, secondments, workshops, high-level meetings and roadmapping exercises.

Planned Impact

The programme of activities spans a range of research areas, and involves close partnerships with four different countries. The ultimate goal is to generate new, cutting edge insights with maximum potential for impact here in the UK, as well as mutual benefit overseas.

The major impacts of the proposed Programme include:

i) Raising the international profile of UK researchers, both by increasing visibility of UK research and by the development of new excellent research ideas;

ii) Impact on public policy, especially in the areas of sustainable cities and low-carbon economy;

iii) Strengthening the UK knowledge base, especially within the UK research community, by ensuring effective mechanisms for training and knowledge transfer;

iv) Benefits to society, by addressing global societal challenges such as healthcare and sustainability;

v) Benefits to the economy, by the development of new industrial links, and ensuring that best practices related to industry collaboration and R&D are shared between partner organisations.

Publications

10 25 50

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Suzuki T (2015) Locomotion and eye behaviour under controlled environment in individuals with Alzheimer's disease. in Conference proceedings : ... Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. Annual Conference

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Adhitya S (2016) Small things with big impact in urban infrastructure design in International Journal of Complexity in Applied Science and Technology

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Holloway C (2015) Time and force required for attendants boarding wheelchair users onto aircraft in International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics

 
Description The aim of the Global Engagements award was to promote ongoing collaborations with excellent research groups overseas: India, US, Europe and China. The impact is ongoing collaborative research projects and activities with ultimate impact across a variety of sectors from healthcare to manufacturing.


- There are rising sustainability concerns in China. In contrast to the earlier policy of 'growth first', environmental protection and programs have been strengthened. New initiatives such as 'eco-cities', 'sponge cities', 'low-carbon cities' have been established. Green infrastructure such as 'greenways' has been developed nationwide. Their impacts on China's environment, however, still wait to be assessed. In the governance of sustainability, we see the combination of 'entrepreneurial' governance with regulatory control, including the relocation of pollution industries outside the main urban area such as Beijing. In order to achieve sustainability transition, the policy on urban sustainability needs to take account of economic, social and environmental aspects.
- We have developed wide collaboration with Chinese researchers and partners. In addition to environmental sustainability, we also expanded our concern to the sustainability of the built environment of Chinese cities. More information can be found from urban-china.org.
- Key finding is that the crystallization of enantiopure and racemic compounds is not easily predicted, being a complex mixture of thermodynamic and kinetic factors.
- We have experimentally and analytically studied quantum annealing, including on the D-Wave machine. We have found that the dynamical processes on the D-Wave machine cannot be explained by fully classical models, although the spatial extent of entanglement is minimal. We have shown that information is contained not only in the ground state spin configuration of the D-Wave machine but also in the excited states. This suggests that future quantum annealers might find application as restricted Boltzmann machines, and/or exploit maximum entropy inference.
Exploitation Route - We have filed a patent application (jointly with Oxford University) on the implementation of p-local qubit interactions with p=3.
- Through the project, we have established the links with the Urban Eco-Planning Commission of the Urban Planning Society of China (UPSC), a professional organisation equivalent to Royal Town Planning Institute in the UK. Co-I, Prof Fulong
Sectors Construction,Electronics,Energy,Environment,Manufacturing, including Industrial Biotechology,Pharmaceuticals and Medical Biotechnology,Other

URL http://www.yale-ucl.org/medtech/index.aspx
 
Description The aim of the Global Engagements award was to promote ongoing collaborations with excellent research groups overseas: India, US, Europe and China. The impact is ongoing collaborative research projects with ultimate impact across a variety of sectors from healthcare to manufacturing, for example the Yale-UCL Collaborative in MedTech (http://www.yale-ucl.org/medtech/index.aspx). - We have filed a patent application (jointly with Oxford University) on the implementation of p-local qubit interactions with p=3. - We have established the links with the Urban Eco-Planning Commission of the Urban Planning Society of China (UPSC), a professional organisation equivalent to Royal Town Planning Institute in the UK. Co-I, Prof Fulong Wu has been invited to give a keynote speech in their annual meeting in 2012, on the topic of China's ecological development, which attracts over 250 Chinese planners. In March 2013, China Planning Research Group at UCL (CPRG@UCL) together with UPSC eco-planning commission co-organised the Workshop on UK-China Sustainable Cities. A report that overviews China eco-cities has been prepared. Co-I, Prof Fulong Wu was invited by the city of Guangzhou to give a talk on comparative urban regeneration to planning professionals in Guangzhou. The event was organised by Guangdong Institute of Urban Planning and Design. About 300 planners and researchers attended the public lecture. CPRG also hosted four senior planners from Beijing Institute of Urban Planning and Design to have 3 month visits in UCL, through which further links have been established. Invited by the secretary general of China eco-planning commission, Xiaohui Chen, Prof Wu advised a case study of an eco-city plan in Zhenjiang, Jiangsu province. Prof Wu also disseminated findings to the International Conference on China Urban Development in Hong Kong. These activities have enhanced the transfer of knowledge of UK sustainability research of the built environment to Chinese cities. The findings from this project have been disseminated to and utilised by Chinese professional planning organisations and various local governments (Guangzhou, Beijing, Jiangsu). Following this project, Prof Wu together with the researchers CPRG@UCL are developing further researches on social sustainability, focusing on China informal settlements and regeneration, and supervises a PhD researcher at Bartlett School of Planning who is now studying greenways in Guangdong. Prof Wu together with Dr Fangzhu Zhang prepare to start a new case study on Wuxi Taihu Eco-city to identify the impact of eco-city programs and Chinese environmental policy. - We stablished a training course in India for Vaccine Development held in Hyderabad, 23rd-25th September 2014. This was a three day course that brought in experts in vaccine research and development from the UK, USA and EU to India to discuss advances and challenges in the field. The event itself was well attended with approximately 30 delegates and had representation from the main regional vaccine manufacturers, such as Biological E, Shanta (Sanofi), Bharat, Serum Institute and Hilleman Labs. Since that initial introduction, UCL has kept up its engagement with the Indian vaccine sector and has resulted in follow-up trip and a major grant award from the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation of $17.6M for research into low cost vaccine manufacturing. UCL is the lead applicant, but has BiologicalE as a partner as an LMIC vaccine manufacturer. The Vaccine course itself has gone international, with follow up presentations in Lisbon and Cambridge, MA (USA), but has continued to attract delegates from the Indian vaccine manufacturing community.
First Year Of Impact 2013
Sector Construction,Electronics,Manufacturing, including Industrial Biotechology,Pharmaceuticals and Medical Biotechnology
Impact Types Societal,Economic

 
Description Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation Grand Challenge Grant
Amount $17,600,000 (USD)
Organisation Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United States
Start 11/2016 
End 10/2021
 
Description Chinese eco-city planning beyond the 'sustainability fix'
Amount £10,000 (GBP)
Organisation The British Academy 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 07/2017 
End 06/2019
 
Description EPSRC Centre for Doctoral Training in Delivering Quantum Technologies
Amount £5,004,658 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/L015242/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2014 
End 09/2022
 
Description FluQS: Flux-Based Quantum Speedup
Amount $2,513,419 (USD)
Organisation Intelligence Advanced Research Projects Activity 
Sector Public
Country Unknown
Start  
 
Description Quantum technology capital: QUES2T (Quantum Engineering of Solid-state Technologies)
Amount £8,548,965 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/N015118/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2016 
End 03/2019
 
Description Training & Skills Hub in Quantum Systems Engineering: innovation in Quantum Business - Applications, Technology and Engineering (InQuBATE)
Amount £3,597,372 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/P510270/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2016 
End 03/2021
 
Description Collaboration with Max Planck Magdeburg 
Organisation Max Planck Society
Country Germany 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Collaboration with Max Planck Magdeburg. Joint PhD student project.
Start Year 2013
 
Description Collaboration with Universtiy of Southern California (USC) 
Organisation University of Southern California
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Collboration in adiabatic quantum computation
Start Year 2012
 
Description PEARL in the community 
Organisation London Borough of Barking and Dagenham Council
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution We provide the expertise on accessibility and scientific measurement of capabilities for urban design
Collaborator Contribution They provide contacts and involvement in a steering group, site for demonstrations and further research
Impact This is still underway. At the moment this has moved into site identification for a future engagement activity, relationship-building with New York City, Greater Manchester and others
Start Year 2017
 
Description Renewable energy and transport design in Xi'an 
Organisation Xi'an University of Architecture and Technology
PI Contribution We provide the modelling for estimation of impacts of modal shift
Collaborator Contribution They provide the renewable energy data related to domestic and industrial buildings
Impact None yet
Start Year 2017
 
Description UCL-Yale MedTech Partnership 
Organisation Yale University
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution On September 8th 2012 six Principal Investigators (PIs) from UCL met with six PIs from Yale University for a one-day meeting on Imaging & Sensing in New Haven. A second workshop in Biomaterials & Drug Delivery was held over the weekend of the 3rd-4th November 2012 in London. The third workshop in Vascular Engineering was in New Haven on 8th December 2012. Following numerous applications as a result of these workshops seven Flagship projects have been selected (see below for a brief description of all projects). Each is an entirely new, entirely co-owned project. As a transatlantic partnership, collaborators are ?home team? players on both sides, aiming to run preclinical trials at Yale and clinical trials at UCL and UCL-partner hospitals. Follow-on funding will be applied from public and private funds in the UK, EU and US. In all projects PI's from Yale and UCL have visited one another and begun generating initial proof of concept data. Graduate and postdoc exchanges to enable students from Group A to work in Group B for up to three months on the proof of concept phase of the projects have begun. All projects have been provided with expert advice to enable early-stage innovation on matters such as freedom to operate, regulatory pathways and socio-economic impact factors. Through this collaborative we have secured $140,000 additional funding from Yale University to fund phase II of the project which includes a folllow-on 'Market Validation' workshop for each project where PIs from Yale & UCL will attend, along with relevant third parties such as product development, user group management, regulatory, and reimbursement experts.
Start Year 2012
 
Description Talk in Chile 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Distinguished inaugural lecture for the new MSC in city planning in the School of Architecture and Urbanism, Ponitificia Universidad Catolica Chile
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017