CO2Chem Grand Challenge Network

Lead Research Organisation: University of Sheffield
Department Name: Chemical & Biological Engineering

Abstract

The CO2chem network was established in April 2010 to act as a focus fro research in carbon dioxide capture and utilisastion with a remit to revolutionise the chemicals industry. It has become the UK focus for CCU and is now establishing itself as a global hub for not only research excellence but also policy and social awareness. This proposal aims to continue the activities of the network and enhance and extend their impact on science, engineering and society.

In order to achieve this we have consulted with the current network community to define areas that require short-, medium- and long-term intervention. These have been categorised into 'Clusters' where research activities can be focused. The Clusters will cover: Chemical Engineering and Process; Solvents and Synthons; Functional and Structural Polymers; Biotransformations; Mineralisation. Catalysis is also seen as a key driver in CCU but is so important that it overarches all Cluster areas and so is considered a Central Theme. The Clusters will meet regularly to define milestones and deliverables, identify funding opportunities and form the basis of future research collaborations. Face-to-face discussions will initiate Cluster activities but we will use video and teleconferencing facilities to keep up momentum as well as reducing travel costs and emissions. Each of the Clusters will be led by experts from academia and industry.

An industrial forum will be established early in the new contract to define realistic multi-term deliverables and to ensure buy-in from industry. This will involve bringing together all members of the carbon supply chain from emitters through chemicals production to the end user.

It is important that the UK plays a major role in defining the capabilities of CCU. This means we must promote our activities not only at the national level but globally. This will be achieved by providing bursaries to attend the ICCDU conferences in 2013 and 2015, with an aim to secure the 2017 conference for the UK. We will also continue to host our successful CO2Chem <--> CO2Chem Eng international conferences, first held in April 2012.

While policy and social awareness are important factors that influence network activities, research excellence is the cornerstone of our operations. We have budgeted a Seedcorn Fund for novel research carried out by Network members. Five £4k grants per annum will be allocated to researchers looking to prove concepts before filing collaborative research proposals as one of the outcomes. We will promote collaborative research funding applications to RCUK, European Commission and other global funding schemes.

We have established a CO2Chem Publishing group that will promote research documents and reviews through a peer review process, publishing primarily online but occasionally in paper format.

The network will continue to be managed by a core Management Group including the PI, CoI, several academic experts and industrial representatives. Katy Armstrong will continue in the Role of Network Manager on a 60% FTE basis for the first two years then 40% for the remaining 3 years. However, this reduction is simply funding not effort as we will aim to make the Network self-sustaining as we progress, particularly through industrial sponsorship.

Planned Impact

We predict this project will have impact in several fields:
- Environmental sustainability, protection and impact
- Commercialisation and Exploitation
- Improving social welfare, social cohesion and/or national security
- Evidence based policy making and influencing public policies
- Increasing public engagement with research and related societal issues.

The social, environmental and economic importance of significant scale production of a sustainable, high value chemicals and fuels would be difficult to overestimate. This Grand Challenge Network will take a comprehensive and coordinated approach to CCU research. It will do so in a way which is both general, by working on novel ideas which are applicable across a broad range of applications of whatever scale, and specific by looking at key themes within the identified Clusters. The beneficiaries from this work will therefore be:

Society because of:

The impact on carbon emissions, sustainability and the environment
The lowered disruption to economic infrastructure required to achieve that environmental improvement
The opportunities for improved security of energy and chemical feedstock supply
The availability of a broader range of validated energy and chemicals options involving carbon utilisation, leading to improved public engagement, a more informed public debate and better evidence based policy making

The UK Economy:

Current and proposed CCS technologies treat CO2 as a waste so any remediation methods are loss making operations both in terms of CAPEX and OPEX. CCU however leads to a commodity rather than a waste and so has the possibility to generate profit.

Industries where there are large scale CO2 emissions (steel, cement, oil, gas etc) or an interest in selling solutions to carbon emissions problems. This will generate impact over the longer term because we will lead the way in developing new and validated methodologies for assessing sustainability and process efficiency in the context of applying leading edge technology.

Publications

10 25 50

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Castro-Osma JA (2016) Highlights from the Faraday Discussion on Carbon Dioxide Utilisation, Sheffield, UK, September 2015. in Chemical communications (Cambridge, England)

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Climate-KIC (2017) CO2 Utilisation Today

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Jones C (2015) Wider Impacts: general discussion. in Faraday discussions

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Moss M (2017) Integrated CO2 Capture and Utilization Using Non-Thermal Plasmolysis in Frontiers in Energy Research

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North M (2015) CO2 reduction reactions: general discussion. in Faraday discussions

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North M (2015) Perspectives and visions on CO2 capture and utilisation. in Faraday discussions

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Peter Styring (Co-Author) (2013) Recent Advances in Carbon Dioxide Utiliztion in The Catalyst Review

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Poliakoff M (2015) The Twelve Principles of CO2 CHEMISTRY. in Faraday discussions

 
Description A truly international network promoting carbon dioxide utilization. The establishment of a seedcorn fund to finance early stage research concepts leading to full research funding applications.
The project met the mid-term objectives however the full impact will not be truly measured until its completion in 2017. However, the importance of the field is such that it is anticipated the network will continue for many years beyond that.
Exploitation Route New research projects.
New government policy.
Commercialisation of embryonic technologies.
Greater awareness of an emerging technology.
Sectors Aerospace, Defence and Marine,Agriculture, Food and Drink,Chemicals,Construction,Energy,Environment,Government, Democracy and Justice,Security and Diplomacy,Transport

URL http://www.co2chem.com
 
Description We contributed to the 'Sweating the Assets' document produced by the Conservative 2020 group. Styring is an expert panel member on the All Party Parliamentary Climate Change Group considering CCSU. We have contributed towards the DECC Policy Scoping Document Next Steps in CCS. Now collaborating with many governments and organisations in developing policy and funding opportunities.
First Year Of Impact 2016
Sector Aerospace, Defence and Marine,Agriculture, Food and Drink,Chemicals,Energy,Environment,Government, Democracy and Justice,Transport
Impact Types Societal,Economic,Policy & public services

 
Description BIS Shaping the Future
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
Impact Consideration of CDU as a low carbon technology.
 
Description DECC Next Steps in CCS
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a national consultation
 
Description EU SET Plan 2014
Geographic Reach Asia 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a national consultation
 
Description EU Task force on LCA for CCU
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
 
Description Horizon Prize for CO2 Reuse
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Implementation circular/rapid advice/letter to e.g. Ministry of Health
 
Description Next Steps in CCS
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
Impact Carbon dioxide utilisation now included to a greater level in government policy on CCS. Lead to increase in industry interest and engagement with CCU
 
Description Panel Chair Mission Innovation CCUS
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
Impact Recommendation to G20 countries to double funding for Clean Energy research. Report due Spring 2018.
 
Description Policy Exchange Conference
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
Impact CO2 coorganised a conference with the Policy Exchange to highlight importance. Styring, Hills and Lord Debby presented the case. A video of the event resulted.
URL https://policyexchange.org.uk/rethinking-co2-from-a-waste-to-a-resource/
 
Description Royal Society MP Pairing Scheme
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Implementation circular/rapid advice/letter to e.g. Ministry of Health
 
Description STOA Methanol Consultation
Geographic Reach Asia 
Policy Influence Type Participation in advisory committee
 
Description Sweating Our Assets
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
Impact Carbon dioxide utilization discussed in Parliament and consultation on DECC next steps in CCS policy document.
URL http://2020conservatives.com/viewpost.php?postID=56
 
Description UK India Energy Summit, New Delhi, India
Geographic Reach Asia 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
 
Description UN COP22
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
 
Description A Comprehensive Coordinated Approach to Carbon Capture and Utilisation
Amount £4,559,973 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/K001329/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2012 
End 09/2017
 
Description Consultancy Scottish Enterprise
Amount £30,000 (GBP)
Organisation Scottish Enterprise 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 02/2016 
End 04/2016
 
Description Consultancy Tees Valley
Amount £20,000 (GBP)
Organisation Tees Valley Unlimited 
Sector Multiple
Country United Kingdom
Start 03/2016 
End 08/2016
 
Description EPSRC ENERGY
Amount £2,000,000 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/N009746/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 02/2016 
End 02/2020
 
Description FP7 ROK
Amount € 2,100,000 (EUR)
Funding ID FP7 - Theme: Regions 2012-2013-1 Coordination and Support Action Grant agreement n° 319995 
Organisation European Commission 
Department Seventh Framework Programme (FP7)
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 10/2013 
End 10/2016
 
Description Global CO2 Initiative LCA
Amount € 80,000 (EUR)
Organisation Global CO2 Initiative 
Sector Private
Country United States
Start 08/2017 
End 08/2018
 
Description Global CO2 Initiative TEA
Amount € 250,000 (EUR)
Organisation Global CO2 Initiative 
Sector Private
Country United States
Start 08/2017 
End 08/2018
 
Description HORIZON 2020
Amount £500,000 (GBP)
Organisation European Commission 
Department Horizon 2020
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 08/2016 
End 08/2018
 
Description IIKE UK Centre for CO2 Utilisation
Amount £25,000 (GBP)
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2017 
End 09/2018
 
Description TSB Agritech
Amount £2,100,000 (GBP)
Organisation Innovate UK 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 11/2014 
End 10/2017
 
Description Title: CO2Chem Network: Establishing the UK as World Leaders in Carbon Dioxide Utilisation
Amount £253,037 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/P026435/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2017 
End 09/2019
 
Title CO2Go 
Description App for iPad/Android on CDU mitigation potential. Web version now available 
Type Of Material Computer model/algorithm 
Year Produced 2016 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Publicly available, free app 
URL http://co2go.cyclicco2r.eu
 
Description Artificial Photosynthesis Roadmap 
Organisation European Commission
Country European Union (EU) 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Literature review and scientific guidance to the project to enable a European call for AP to be developed for 2018/19 workprogramme
Collaborator Contribution Project management, life cycle assessment, PRIME supply chain modelling
Impact No outputs, research on going
Start Year 2015
 
Description CO2 Value Europe 
Organisation CO2 Value Europe
PI Contribution Scientific advice and guidance on the use of CO2. Advice on creating networks of practioners. Core member of working group to set up the association
Collaborator Contribution Knowledge on ccu sector and legalities of setting up an association.
Impact Launch of new European industrial association for carbon dioxide utilisation in 2017
Start Year 2016
 
Description GCI 
Organisation Global CO2 Initiative
Country United States 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Introductions to community
Collaborator Contribution Details of economics studies
Impact Setting up consortia
Start Year 2016
 
Description Scottish Enterprise 
Organisation Scottish Enterprise
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Roadmap for CCU in Scotland
Collaborator Contribution Data for assessing industrial impacts in Scotland
Impact The project is ongoing and has not generated any outcomes to date.
Start Year 2016
 
Description Tata Steel 
Organisation TATA Steel
Country India 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Invited attendance at quarterly project meetings in Port Talbot
Collaborator Contribution Meetings and advocacy
Impact Royal Society Report
Start Year 2017
 
Description Tees Valley Unlimited 
Organisation Tees Valley Unlimited
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Multiple 
PI Contribution Roadmap for CCU implementation in the Tees Valley
Collaborator Contribution Provision of data relating to local industry
Impact This project is ongoing and has not generated any outcomes to date
Start Year 2016
 
Description University of York 
Organisation University of York
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Research facilities and exchange of personnel
Collaborator Contribution Access to surface analysis equipment
Impact Conference publications
Start Year 2006
 
Title CO2Go 
Description CDU mitigation prediction tool aimed at general public 
Type Of Technology Webtool/Application 
Year Produced 2017 
Impact Causing excitement at European Commission 
URL http://co2go.cyclicco2r.eu
 
Company Name CO2Chem Media & Publishing Limited 
Description Publishing of peer reviewed books and white papers. Not-for-profit company. 
Year Established 2013 
Impact Several high impact policy papers have been published addressing CDU in the UK and Europe.
 
Description Audience with Indian Minister for Science & Technology 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Meeting in New Delhi. Led to an invitation from the FCO/DIT to participate in a Ministerial Summit in New Delhi, April 2017
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description BBC Radio 5 discussion 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Discussion on renewable energy alternatives for the UK energy mix
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description BBC news website interview 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Interview and comments for BBC website piece on CO2 utilisation which lead to further media interest in the technology
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description CO2 Podcast 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact CO2 Utilisation for the Conversation Podcast
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description CO2 Utilisation EU Event Santander 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Keynote Talk
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description CO2Chem Status Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Status conference highlighting the impact of seed corn funding to research stimulation.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Carbon X-PRIZE 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Second Round conference for XPRIZE contestants. Styring gave Plenary Lecture.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Chemistry World article 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Large contribution to RSC Chemistry World three page article on carbon dioxide utilisation.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description International Conference on Carbon Dioxide Utilisation (ICCDU) 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact UK hosted ICCDU for the first time. Organised by CO2Chem. Very successful event.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://iccdu2016.org.uk
 
Description Interview for BBC World Service radio 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact BBC radio interview for world service on the potential of CO2 utilisation to impact climate change via emissions reduction
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Interview on BBC World News 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Live BBC World News interview on the potential of carbon dioxide use in the production of carbon nanofibres and the effect of CO2 utilisation on emissions mitigation
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Low carbon feedstocks for bioeconomy 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Attended workshop on low carbon feedstocks for bioeconomy discussed ccu opportunities with delegates in working groups
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Meeting with Natural Resource Canada 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Meeting with NRCan and British High Commission to scope a potential UK-Canada collaboration. Ongoing dialogue.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description New Energy Forum 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Recommendations on CDU to the energy community
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Politics First magazine article 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Article on the activities of CO2Chem
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Port of Antwerp CDU Event 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Developing a CDU economy in the Port of Antwerp, Belgium.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Presentation to Carbon Capture Journal Meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Led to a journal issue publication. Status of CDU and its prospects.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Presentations at ICCDU 2017, Shanghai 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Oral presentations from CO2chem members at the International Conference of Carbon Dioxide Utilisation 2017 showcasing UK research in CCU. Increase in awareness of delegates particularly Chinese, in UK research.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Royal Society Consultation of CO2 Reuse 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Output will be a Royal Society document recommending policy on CDU
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Royal Society MP Pairing Scheme 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact One week secondment to Westminster to work in collaboration with Dr Emma Hennessey at the Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Royal Society Oxford-KOPRC Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Keynote presentation
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description SETIS Magazine interview 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Interview for EU Commission science policy magazine highlighting UK research and CO2Chem
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Spanish Chemical Society Biannual Conference. Keynote by Styring 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact CO2 Utilisation focused session.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Toronto Solar Fuels Symposium 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Two-day meeting including Provincial government Minister of State.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description WISE 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Activities provoked discussion with adults and children

Audience predominately had no previous knowledge of CO2 utilization and shared after activities that they had learned something new and found the presented research very interesting
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014