Reducing the Costs of Marine Renewables via Advanced Structural Materials (ReC-ASM)

Lead Research Organisation: University of Strathclyde
Department Name: Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering

Abstract

For marine renewable energy conversion to achieve a much needed step change in cost reduction, whilst proving to be cost effective and a reliable source for electricity supply, a number of major engineering challenges need to be addressed. The biggest challenge relates to the scaling up of the power capture interface (device level) and new approaches to the station keeping system (physical environment) which in turn is governed by the characteristics of the resource. In order to achieve technology cost reduction, it is envisaged that the development of marine renewable will emulate the development practices adopted in the early days of the wind energy industry and embark on building and deploying larger diameter rotors to increase device capacity and through this deliver lower unit costs. The challenge however relates to managing the resulting consequences on structural loadings. These increase with the square of the diameter of rotors/ power capture interface. As such, this approach will result in the materials used in the power capture interface operating under very high loading conditions.Evidence to date indicates that all large horizontal axis rotor systems greater than 15m diameter, which have been deployed in full scale tidal environments, have succumbed to catastrophic rotor blade failure. Hence, there is a serious Materials challange in developing more robust materials for the operating environment. By combining expertise in Tidal Energy and Materials Science, this project aims to tackle this issue, through a combination of laboratory testing and modelling.

Planned Impact

ReC-ASM brings together key expertise in marine renewables modelling and materials / structural testing for innovative and high quality research that would provide outputs that enable a wide range of UK Industry to remain competitive. For example, the Artley and Matthews report for the UK Surface Engineering Association in 2010 shows that the UK manufacturing industry expends over £10.8bn on coatings and surface treatments that affect products worth £140bn in industrial sectors worth £250bn to UK economy. Total turnover for the UK Maritime sector was £56bn and directly employs 410,000 people and at least that many indirectly in 2007, [1] with shipping related business being £13.2bn. This makes the UK activity the largest maritime sector in Europe, [2].

The drive behind the global activities in renewable energy stems from the need to reduce emissions, achieve some level of security of supply and economic growth (the generation of new industries, jobs etc.). Many countries are offering incentives to its industry to allow their governments to reach specific targets that will not only aid emission reduction requirements but also help in achieving the security of supply goals. The EU for instance, has a mandatory 20% target for energy production from renewable resources by 2020, with a UK's share negotiated at 15%. Furthermore, the UK missed its own national target of achieving 10% of its electricity production by 2010. As a result of the experience with the latter and to avoid missing the EU mandatory and new UK Government legislative targets, there is now a huge emphasis in expanding off-shore wind generated electricity. In offshore wind development, the UK is currently the leading market in the world, with a total installed operational capacity of around 700MW, over 1,000MW under construction and a further 3,500MW has been approved or consented. The UK legislative process for this technology is to embark on specific targeted competitive calls or "rouno develop potential sites around the UK. The last call "round 3" is estimated to develop a 32,200MW of capacity by 2020 and represents an investment of around £100bn from developers (private sector). Electricity from offshore wind can be augmented by other marine resources. The oceans around the world (and specifically around the UK) offer large renewable energy resources that are yet to be tapped. Wave and tidal energy although only representing a part of the total ocean energy, are recognised as a suitable resource for sustainable generation of electrical power.

ReC-ASM research will have potential to make a significant impact on the UK economy and its competitiveness. The grant also has high potential to create novel ideas that can be patented or used to spin-out companies. The outputs from the grant will constantly monitored by the partner universities Research and Innovation Services for potential IP or areas to establish knowledge transfer where appropriate.

Publications

10 25 50
 
Title Images of research 2017, Glasgow (submission by Rafee Ahmed, PhD student Strathclyde University) 
Description Image of research of tidal turbine coating following erosion. The award ceremony will be held in June 2017 in Glasgow. 
Type Of Art Image 
Year Produced 2016 
Impact This series is open to all PhD and PDRA researchers. 
URL http://www.imagesofresearch.strath.ac.uk/vote.php
 
Description Key findings are the role of sea water in accelerating crack growth during erosion and fatigue of polymer based composites. The presence of sand particles in the vicinity of the cracks results in enhanced crack propagation through the material. Reducing materials costs in marine renewables will rely on development of polymer and hybrid based coatings to impede sea water penetration to the composite substrate.
Exploitation Route Erosion maps have been generated to chart the performance of coated and uncoated composites in such conditions.
Sectors Aerospace, Defence and Marine,Chemicals,Digital/Communication/Information Technologies (including Software),Energy,Environment,Manufacturing, including Industrial Biotechology

 
Description They have been used to inform new developments in tidal turbine and marine energy converters and in particular development of new hybrid coatings to combat tribo-corrosion effects. The reach of the work is international; Korea, Canada, Ireland, US and Chile are actively engaged in addressing materials solutions in this area. Through the ReC-ASM project, the UK is leading the field internationally. The work on Tribology of tidal and wind turbines is being continued through a range of other recently funded research, EPSRC CAMREG ("2.1m) project, started 1 December 2016 and EU SPIRE 2 project (Lead PI Ulster University £6.3m euros), started 1 March 2017.
First Year Of Impact 2014
Sector Aerospace, Defence and Marine,Energy,Environment,Manufacturing, including Industrial Biotechology
Impact Types Societal,Economic

 
Description Editor- in- Chief - Surface Topography- Metrology and Properties, Professor Robert Wood.-
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact This editorship (IOP) provides a new platform for shaping the lanscape of surface engineeering in the marine renewables and bio-medical research domains.
URL http://iopscience.iop.org/journal/2051-672X
 
Description Editor-In-Chief, Journal of Marine Energy (Elsevier). Professor Bahaj.
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact New journal in marine energy specializing in marine renewables (Elsever).
URL http://www.journals.elsevier.com/international-journal-of-marine-energy/
 
Description New journal in the field of Tribo-Corrosion (first in this subject). Journal of Bio-and Tribo-Corrosion (Springer). Editor-in-Chief Professor Margaret Stack.
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact This new journal is the first in the field of Tribo-Corrosion and has directly arisen from the ReC-ASM grant. The journal editorial board includes Co-Is, Professors Bull, Wharton and Wood.
URL http://www.springer.com/materials/surfaces+interfaces/journal/40735
 
Description Prof Bahaj was appointed Chief Scientific Advisor to Southampton City Council - believed to be the first such appointment in the UK.
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact Sustainable energy advice to Southampton city council.
 
Description Centre for Advanced Materials for Renewable Energy Generation
Amount £2,037,439 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/P007805/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 12/2016 
End 11/2020
 
Description Marine Renewable Infrastructure Network for Enhancing Technologies 2 MARINET II
Amount £400,000 (GBP)
Organisation European Union 
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 01/2017 
End 06/2021
 
Description SPIRE 2
Amount € 6,300,000 (EUR)
Organisation European Commission 
Department Interreg : European Territorial Co-operation
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 03/2017 
End 12/2021
 
Description SUPERGEN Marine 2015
Amount £800,000 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/N020782/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2016 
End 03/2019
 
Description United Kingdom Centre for Marine Energy Research
Amount £1,500,000 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/P008682/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 11/2016 
End 12/2018
 
Title Tidal turbine simulation erosion apparatus 
Description New experimental rig designed to deliver scaled down sea water material evaluation tests in a range of flow regimes and impact angles 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2016 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact New materials evaluation mechanism for laboratory erosion testing of tidal turbine materials. 
 
Description Joint research with University of Newcastle 
Organisation Newcastle University
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution University of Strathclyde researchers worked on this project with researchers from University of Newcastle
Start Year 2013
 
Description Joint research with University of Newcastle 
Organisation Newcastle University
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution University of Strathclyde researchers worked on this project with researchers from University of Newcastle
Start Year 2013
 
Description Joint research with University of Southampton 
Organisation University of Southampton
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution University of Strathclyde researchers worked on this project with researchers from University of Southampton
Start Year 2013
 
Description Joint research with University of Southampton 
Organisation University of Southampton
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution University of Strathclyde researchers worked on this project with researchers from University of Southampton
Start Year 2013
 
Description Project partnership with I T Power 
Organisation IT Power Group
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution I T Power worked with the research team and assisted/contributed to the project outcomes
Start Year 2013
 
Description Project partnership with Marine Current Turbines Ltd 
Organisation Marine Current Turbines
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Marine Current Turbines Ltd worked with the research team and assisted/contributed to the project outcomes
Start Year 2013
 
Description Project partnership with Nautricity Ltd 
Organisation Nautricity Ltd
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Nautricity Ltd worked with the research team and assisted/contributed to the project outcomes
Start Year 2013
 
Description Professor AlBahaj, Invitation to Global Marine Energy Technologies - Commercialisation and Readiness, Sinagapore 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Invited talk Asia Clean Energy Summit , Singapore International Energy Week, Singapore (SIEW Oct 2015).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Invited presentation by Cameron Johnstone 'Research challenges in developing tidal energy technology' UK BIS Science Pop-UP, Halifax, February 2014. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Invited presentation by Cameron Johnstone 'Research challenges in developing tidal energy technology' UK BIS Science Pop-UP, Halifax March 2014.

Not recorded
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Presentation - T. Blackmore, A.S. Bahaj, Tidal Energy: The challenges and role of small scale testing. Philippines 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact International Conference and Workshop on Sustainable Energy Ecosystems, 1-5Feb 2016, Cebu, Philippines
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Professor AlBahaj. Reviewer of the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA), REmap 2030. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Bottom-up analysis of 26 countries based on their national plans.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description 4th International Conference Tribo-Corrosion 2014, 9-11 April 2014; ICAP 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Poster presentations on cavitation corrosion mechanisms by Jahnabi Basumatary, Southampton.

This stimulated further research collaborations with PhDs.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Ahamed, Oral presentation by Rafee A.R. Ahmed. With Cameron Johnstone and Professor Margaret Stack (2015) Mapping blade angle effects for the erosion of polymer based composites : an approach to developing smart materials for tidal turbines. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Oral presentation at international conference. In: 11th European Wave and Tidal Energy Conference (EWTEC2015), 2015-09-06 - 2015-09-11, Nantes. Significant discussion following talk on research findings.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Conference presentation by Jenab Basumatary. "Investigation of the synergistic effects of cavitation erosion-corrosion in marine  
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact 7th UK China conference on Tribology, Wuhan China, 6-8 April 2015.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Engineering Faculty lecture, Professor Margaret Stack, Tshwane University of Technology, Pretoria, South Africa, 31 July 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Talk outlined future areas of interest for the subject of Tribo-Corrosion in South Africa.

Following the talk, a lunch was hosted at the Engineering Faculty and the African Chapter of the Tribo-Corrosion Network was oficially launched by Prof Margaret Stack and Prof Peter Olubambi, Tshwane University of Technology, involving three countries, South Africa, Ghana, and Nigeria.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Guest Editor Proceedings Tribo_Corrosion V 2016. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Guest editor with Dr Manish Roy Hyderabad, Proceedings Tribo-Corrosion V, Hyderabad, India (Tribology International 2017, in press).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016,2017
 
Description International Conference on Offshore Renewable Energy, Member Organizing Committee, Cameron Johnstone 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Not recorded
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Invited presentation (Professor Margaret Stack) at ASRANet 2016, Glasgow. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Over 100 delegates attended this meeting. Discussions took place during the meeting on further collaborative applications including setting the strategy for ReC-ASM 2 with Southampton and Newcastle Universities. Linkages with EPSRC Wind CDT were also discussed. A visit to FloWave in Edinburgh was hosted by Professor Wallace and attended by Professor 'Bakr Bahaj and Professor Margaret Stack.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://www.asranet.co.uk/Conferences
 
Description Jenab Balsumatry presentation. "Cavitation Erosion-Corrosion of Ship propeller materials", 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact 69th STLE annual meeting and exhibition, Lake Buena Vista, Orlando, Florida, U.S.A., 18-22 May 2014.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Jenab Balsumatry presentation. "The synergistic effect of cavitation erosion-corrosion on nickel aluminium bronze and duplex stainless steel 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact 20th International Conference on Wear Of Materials, Toronto, Canada, 12-16 April 2015.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Keynote lecture by Professor Robert Wood, 1st International Conference on Coatings, Thin Films Devices and Surfaces, Hyderabad, 14-16 December 2016. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A new conference series in Surface Engineering in India, it enabled Professor Wood to outline the key developments in surface engineering for tribo-corrosion applications.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.multilayer-conf.in/
 
Description Keynote presentations 1st International Conference on Tribo-Corrosion Techniques, Johannesburg, South Africa, 12-13 January 2016 (Professor Margaret Stack and Professor Robert Wood) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact 80 participants took part in the 1st International Conference on Tribo-Corrosion Techniques in Johannesburg, South Africa. At the meeting there was a session on Marine Renewables where the ReC-ASM activities were presented as a Keynote talk. The meeting explored opportunities for future funding via the British Council. The International Network on Tribo-Corrosion (originally sponsored by EPSRC) was the focus of much discussion. At the conference dinner 5 Universities in South Africa were linked to the network with 4 additional countries involved, Ghana, Nigeria, Namibia and Botswana along with South Africa. This makes the Southern African region one of the most active regions internationally in the network.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015,2016
URL http://materialssystemsandsolutions.co.za/workshops/up-coming-workshop
 
Description Keynote talk by Professor Robert Wood, 'Repassivation effects in the Marine Environment', 4th International Conference on Tribo-Corrosion, Glasgow, 9-11 April, 2014. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Talk led to further discussions with international groups, i.e. NRL Washington.

Following the talk, further work was carried on to formulate an international programme on Tribo-Corrosion research.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Keynote talk, Professor Steve Bull, 13th annual European Nanomechanical User Group Meeting, Oxford, 11-12 December 2013. 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Leading new initiatives in the field of Tribology of thin films.

Discussions on further collaborations
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Oral presentation Blackmore T., Benoit G., Myers L.E., Germain G., Bahaj A.S. The Effect of Freestream Turbulence on Tidal Turbines. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact EWTEC, Nantes, France, 6-11 Sept 2015, Oral presentation.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Oral presentation at EWTEC, Nantes, 2015, Dr Rasool ( with Dr Shayan Sharifi, Cameron Johnstone and Prof Margaret Stack). Tribological challenges of scaling up tidal turbine blades. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Conference presentation.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description PRIMARE, Falmouth UK, 16-17 June 2015 - conference presentation and poster. 2015 - T. Blackmore, L.E. Myers, A.S. Bahaj, (2015), Turbulence and its effect on a tidal stream turbine 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Oral presentation and poster.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Plenary lecture by Professor Bahaj at ASRANet 2016, Glasgow, 12-14 September Glasgow. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This Plenary talk by Professor Bahaj, University of Southampton concentrated on identifying issues which need to be addressed in the future from the perspective of future energy requirements. An overview of the financial investments worldwide in the areas of marine renewables was given, identifying the key technological drivers necessary to push the developments forward, one of which is materials.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.asranet.co.uk/conferences/offshorerenewableenergy
 
Description Plenary lecture by Professor Bahaj at AWTEC 2016, Singapore, 24-26 October 2016. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Over 500 delegates attended a series of meetings in Renewable Energy during the last week of October 2016. ReC-ASM had a strong presence at this conference (10 delegates) which encouraged new collaborations between UK and Asian groups.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.awtec.asia/awtec-2016/
 
Description Plenary lecture by Professor Margaret Stack at 17th International Conference on Tribology in Finland.(Nordtrib 2016) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The 17th Nordtrib conference on Tribology 14-17 June 2016, Hammelina, Finland. Prof Margaret Stack delivered the plenary lecture at this meeting (Over 250 delegates).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.vtt.fi/sites/nordtrib2016/en
 
Description Plenary lecture by Professor Margaret Stack at TriboUK 2016, 14-15 April 2016, Leeds. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Over 100 post-graduate and post-doctoral researchers attended this meeting in Leeds in April 2016. This is the premier event for post-gradauate studennts in the field. Professor Stack delivered the Plenary lecture focusing on the new developments arising from the EPSRC ReC-ASM project on the degradation of tidal turbine materials in sea water conditions.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://tribouk2016.org.uk/
 
Description Plenary lecture by Professor Robert Wood, TriboCorrosion V Hyderabad, 12-14 December 2016. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Professor Robert Wood delivered the Plenary lecture at TriboCorrosion V in Hyderabad which is the international conference series on Tribo-Corrosion arising from the EPSRC Tribo-Corrosion network. During this meeting further collaboration between India and the UK in this field was discussed including engagement with the research councils.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://tribocorrosion-v-2016.com/
 
Description Prof Bahaj was appointed Chief Scientific Advisor to Southampton City Council - believed to be the first such appointment in the UK. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact This is the first appointment of its kind in the UK.

Informing local government in the fieldsof Marine Renewable Energy.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Professor Al Bahaj is a member of the Energy for Development network 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The Energy for Development consortium consists of Engineers, Social Scientists, Business and Finance experts.

Advisory network for Energy in developing nations i.e. rural off-grid electricity generation for communities in Africa .
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://www.energyfordevelopment.net/
 
Description Professor Al Bahaj. Overview of Global Ocean Energy Development 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Plenary Keynote at the IEEE Power & Energy Society (PES), Denver, USA, (Jul 2015).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Professor Margaret Stack. Invitation to MERIC (Marine Energy Research Innovation Centre), Chile and Pontifica Catolica Universidad, Santiago, to discuss erosion-corrosion in marine renewable environments. March 7-15 2016. 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Discussions were held on potential for future collaboration with Chile, France and the UK on erosion and wear problems of marine energy converters including wave energy converters and tidal turbines. As Chile imports 70% of energy needs, the political impetus is to reduce this by developing the marine renewable energy area. Professor Margaret Stack represented the UK in these discussions with Chilean and French colleagues.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015,2016
 
Description Public Engagement - BBC South today feature on tidal energy around the Isle of White 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact BBC South today feature on tidal energy around the Isle of White.

Not recorded
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Public Engagement- Professor Margaret Stack, Interview with RTE Radio, Ireland for Seascapes programme 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact RTE Radio programme Seascapes profiling the Lewis Symposium in Marine Renewable Energy, 29 February - 1 March 2016, University College Cork Ireland. The interview is broadcast on 11 March 2016. Professor Margaret Stack (who presented the latest findings of the ReC-ASM project) and Professor Stephen Salter (Edinburgh) were interviewed to give the UK perspective on the Symposium and the current state of the art of the subject.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.rte.ie/radio1/seascapes/podcasts/
 
Description Tribo-Corrosion V; 5th International Conference, Hyderabad, India, December 2016 (Overseas Chair, Professor Margaret Stack) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Overseas Chair (Professor Margaret Stack) 5th International Conference on Tribo-Corrosion, Hyderabad, December 2016.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.tribocorrosion-v-2016.com/