Grid Economics, Planning and Business Models for Smart Electric Mobility

Lead Research Organisation: Imperial College London
Department Name: Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Abstract

The project will provide strategic insights regarding the integration of the transport sector into future low carbon electricity grids, and is inspired by limitations in current grid investment, operation and control practices as well as regulation and market operation, which may prevent an economically and environmentally effective transition to electric mobility. Although various individual aspects of the operation of electricity systems within an integrated transport sector have received some research attention, integrated planning of the grid, EV charging infrastructure and ICT (information and communication technologies) infrastructure design have not been addressed yet. In this proposal we propose to tackle these challenges in an integrated manner.

At the heart of our proposal is a whole systems approach. It recognises the need to consider: EV demand and flexibility, electricity network operation and design, charging infrastructure operation and investment, ICT requirements and business models for electric mobility. This is essential when considering constraints imposed by the network on EV charging, and in return the requirements imposed by EVs on the system design and operation. This research will place emphasis on future energy scenarios relevant to the UK and China, but the tools, methods and technologies we develop will have wider applications. Specifically, a number of infrastructure planning related challenges for the massive rollout of EV have yet to be comprehensively investigated. First, traditional models of the travel of vehicles are based on the statistical prediction of aggregate-level travel demand without capturing the behavioural characterisation of users' driving requirements and preferences. Hence, this project will investigate new alternative activity-based travel demand models capturing in a bottom-up approach the behavioural basis of individual users' decisions regarding participation in activities yielding driving needs, behavioural aspects related to EV adoption and alternative EV charging strategies, as well as the characteristics of EV and the charging infrastructure. Unlike the existing models that analyse the EV impacts on isolated sectors of the power system, this project will assess economic effects on generation, transmission and distribution sectors simultaneously and subsequently reveal trade-offs between the cost and benefit streams of different EV charging strategies for different actors in the electricity chain. Furthermore, the closely related problem of EV charging infrastructure and ICT infrastructure planning -which has a central role in the massive EV rollout- has been almost completely neglected. This research project will examine novel risk-constrained stochastic optimization approaches in order to address the challenge of strategically investing in EV recharging and ICT infrastructures ahead of need, and will analytically investigate the interdependence between the power systems and EV enabling infrastructure planning. This project will also investigate alternative business models for the EV market integration and will propose a framework providing the opportunity for EVs to simultaneously support more efficient system operation and investment in assets across the entire electricity system chain. This research will formulate a new decentralised, market-based planning mechanism appropriate for deregulated power system environment and enable the investigation of the impact of alternative market designs and arrangements on the cost effectiveness of EV integration. Finally, a set of comprehensive use cases employing tools and methodologies developed in the project will be employed to understand the role and the importance of electric mobility in future UK and China low carbon systems and produce a suitable commercial and regulatory framework and a set of policy recommendations on ways of supporting the optimal deployment of EV infrastructure.

Planned Impact

In order to ensure the impact is realised the project has been developed in close collaboration with stakeholders from industry and academia in both the UK and China. The project will be supported by our Industrial Advisory Board (IAB) which represents the main potential beneficiaries and are in an exceptional position to support the research, maximise dissemination opportunities and enable impact. The IAB will be invited to attend the consortium meetings to review and steer the research work. As the members of the IAB, UK National Grid and China State Grid, are keen to understand the potential benefit of smart charging of EVs in supporting integration of renewables, including the scope and value of V2G applications. This project will also inform distribution network companies (including the members of our IAB, UK Power Networks, Utility Partnership Limited, WPD) about the options for adaptation and evolution of distribution networks needed to facilitate a cost effective integration of electric mobility. Furthermore, this research will inform industry and policy makers about the options for design of recharging infrastructure and requirements for ICT. Furthermore, novel business model to be investigated that will enable all actors involved to be considered: car owners, charging stations owners, car park operators, suppliers and aggregators, system operators, transmission and distribution companies, ICT service providers, and their revenues and costs will be examined. Together with the designs of market and policy frameworks, this research will be of direct interest to the regulators and the governments in both UK and China. By contribute to lifting of constraints on connection of EVs through integrated planning, this project contribute to more cost effective integration of EV and reduction of CO2 emissions thus will benefit the society at large.

We have strong links with the relevant policy-making bodies, both regionally and nationally. Strbac has recently analysed DECC pathways to low carbon future and Jenkins is directly involved with Ofgem / DECC group on Smart Grids. Our project will be specifically developing case studies showing how EVs will impact the development of UK electricity system, which should be of great relevance to policy-makers and will be disseminated through focussed meetings and workshops. In addition we will produce a roadmap for the electric mobility and an analysis of policy options that would appropriately support the deployment of EV in the UK.

We will also establish a cohort of PhD students and researchers in this field elecrtic mobility with interst in grid economics, planning and business models that will facilitate interactions between academia, industry, regulators and policy makers, both within the UK and China and, importantly, between the UK and China.

Publications

10 25 50
 
Description The key findings of this project can be summaried as following:
1. This project investigated and developed a novel whole-electricity system economic assessment methodology, which enabled, for the first time, assessment of the economic impacts of EV deployment on the distribution, transmission and generation infrastructures.
2. The conflicts and synergies between different time scales and different electricity system sectors under different EV management strategies and business models were investigated. The whole-system assessment approach revealed the trade-offs between the EV cost and benefit for different sectors of the power system, which enabled the development of novel business models.
3. The competiveness of EV based services against other technologies (including dynamic voltage control, flexible generation, and other demand side response options) were assessed.
4. Alternative activity-based travel demand models were investigated and the interactions between demand for travel and alternative charging strategies were identified.
5.Combined with activity-based travel demand models, this project also analysed for the first time the impact of the technical characteristics associated with the operational properties and design of EVs, batteries and charging stations, as well as behavioural aspects related to the adoption and charging of EV on the temporal and spatial properties of EV demand.
6. A novel risk-constrained multi-objective stochastic optimization approach was proposed to address the challenges of EV recharging and ICT infrastructure planning.
7. The interdependence between the electricity grid and EV enabling infrastructure planning was assessed.
8. The values of alternative charging strategies and EV flexibility in supporting electricity system operation and investment including ancillary services provision by EV such as V2G and V2H concepts were investigated.
9. The commercial, regulatory and policy frameworks for mass introduction of Smart Grid-integrated EVs were investigated.
10. This project analysed alternative business models for the EV market integration providing the opportunity for EV to simultaneously support more efficient system operation and investment in assets across the entire electricity system chain.
11. This project explicitly identified the role of electric mobility in UK and China low carbon pathways.
Exploitation Route Given that our outputs suggest significant system-level benefits of smart charging, we provide a set of recommendations that could be used by policy makers, electricity industry and energy regulators to modify the current commercial and regulatory framework in order to incentivise smart charging and allow flexible EVs to access multiple markets (energy, ancillary services).
Our findings may also be useful for the electric vehicles industry to inform potential customers about the benefits of adopting smart charging schemes when considering the decision to buy an EV.
Our findings informed the follow up initiatives related to EVs in the UK.
Sectors Creative Economy,Energy,Environment,Government, Democracy and Justice,Transport

 
Description This project investigated and developed a novel whole-electricity system economic assessment methodology, which demonstrated, for the first time, the economic impacts of EV deployment on the distribution, transmission and generation infrastructures. The research outcome highlighted the significant challenges of large-scale deployment of EVs under business-as-usual case on the operation and planning of electricity system. Novel smart EV charging models based were also developed using actual EV charging data observed in the London area. The outputs of our models suggest that there is significant flexibility in terms of timing of EV charging, so that the required energy can be delivered to EVs during the night without any compromise with respect to user's driving requirements. This can provide significant value for the society by enabling a more efficient operation and planning of the distribution, transmission and generation systems. The substantial value of smart charging provides a strong and clear message to policy makers and regulators about the need to establish the commercial framework that would enable smart EV charging to materialise. The project provided a set of recommendations on the necessary changes in the regulatory framework that are required to incentivise smart charging, and also identified potential business cases for flexible EV resources that are capable of providing multiple services to the electricity system. The developed models and proposed commercial, regulatory and policy frameworks have informed UK Government Department for Transport and the Committee for Climate Change about the impact of electrification of the electricity infrastructure operation and investment as well as the policy and market design to facilitate the deployment of EVs. Furthermore, the collaboration with Chinese institutions enriched the research background and impact of this activity. The different backgrounds and expertise from both countries led to a complementary research contribution. This collaboration not only produced a significant number of high-profile joint publications and trained young researchers, but also allowed the research outputs to be shared to inform policy and market designs in both countries. Based on the outputs from this project, we have been approached by Chinese policy makers (e.g. National Development and Reform Commission of the People's Republic of China, industrial companies (e.g. State Grid Corporation of China) and research institutions (e.g. Tsinghua University) for further collaborations.
First Year Of Impact 2016
Sector Creative Economy,Energy,Environment,Government, Democracy and Justice,Transport
Impact Types Economic,Policy & public services

 
Description "Delivering future-proof energy infrastructure": report for the National Infrastructure Commission
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a national consultation
Impact The report to the National Infrastructure Commission provided quantitative evidence based on advanced modelling, on the value of flexibility for the infrastructure in the future decarbonised energy system. Smart power - principally built around three innovations, interconnection, storage, and demand flexibility - could save consumers up to £8 billion a year by 2030, help the UK meet its 2050 carbon targets, and secure the UK's energy supply for generations.
URL https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/smart-power-a-national-infrastructure-commission-report
 
Description A response to Ofgem's Call for Evidence for 'Future Supply Market Arrangements'
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Implementation circular/rapid advice/letter to e.g. Ministry of Health
 
Description A response to the BEIS/Ofgem call for evidence on "A smart flexible energy system"
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Implementation circular/rapid advice/letter to e.g. Ministry of Health
 
Description An analysis of electricity system flexibility for Great Britain (joint report with Carbon Trust prepared for BEIS)
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a national consultation
URL https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/568982/An_analysis_of_elec...
 
Description Co-chair of EU Action Cluster on Sustainable Districts and Built Environment (Market Place of the European Innovation Partnership on Smart Cities and Communities)
Geographic Reach Asia 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guidance committee
URL http://www.eu-smartcities.eu/sustainable-districts-and-built-environment
 
Description Committee Member of Future Charging Forum
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Implementation circular/rapid advice/letter to e.g. Ministry of Health
 
Description ETIP SNET - ENERGY SECTOR INTERFACES
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
 
Description ETIP SNET - GRID PLANNING COORDINATION ACROSS SYSTEM OPERATORS
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
 
Description European Technology & Innovation Platforms and Strategic Energy Technology Plan (2017)
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
 
Description Invited lecture by Nicolò Daina on Demand Modelling In Emerging Electric Mobility markets for the Sustainable Energy Future MSc of Imperial College London
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
URL https://www.imperial.ac.uk/energy-futures-lab/our-msc/
 
Description Member of the Steering Committee of the Smart Grids EU Technology Platform
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
 
Description Model and Reuslts Used in Low Carbon London Report to Inform Policy Development
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
 
Description Nicolò Daina partecipated to London Energy Plan transport power demand consultation workshop on Monday 20th July 2015, at London City Hall
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a national consultation
 
Description Smart Systems Forum
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
Impact BEIS and OFGEM developed plans to remove barriers, improve market and regulatory framework, catalyse innovation, and shape roles and responsibilities in the shift towards a smart, more flexible energy system which meets the needs of consumers and businesses now and in the future.
 
Description E-FLEX - Real-world Energy Flexibility through Electric Vehicle Energy Trading
Amount £3,648,736 (GBP)
Funding ID 104249 
Organisation Innovate UK 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 08/2018 
End 02/2021
 
Description E-Flex
Amount £280,000 (GBP)
Organisation Innovate UK 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 05/2018 
End 04/2021
 
Description Energy Revolution Research Consortium - Core - EnergyREV
Amount £7,966,339 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/S031863/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 12/2018 
End 03/2022
 
Description Innovation in Vehicle-To-Grid (V2G) Systems
Amount £25,037,480 (GBP)
Organisation Innovate UK 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 11/2018 
End 10/2021
 
Description MERLON
Amount € 4,000,000 (EUR)
Organisation European Commission H2020 
Sector Public
Country Belgium
Start 01/2019 
End 12/2022
 
Description Peer-to-Peer Energy Trading and Sharing - 3M (Multi-times, Multi-scales, Multi-qualities)
Amount £1,000,000 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/N03466X/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 06/2016 
End 05/2019
 
Description Peer-to-Peer SmarTest
Amount € 5,000,000 (EUR)
Organisation European Commission 
Department Horizon 2020
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 01/2015 
End 12/2017
 
Description The Active Building Centre
Amount £35,947,427 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/S016627/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2018 
End 03/2022
 
Description Western Power Distribution
Amount £100,000 (GBP)
Funding ID 6501 
Organisation Western Power Distribution 
Sector Private
Country United Kingdom
Start  
 
Description Western Power Distribution
Amount £50,000 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/H500103/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start  
 
Description Western Power Distribution
Amount £897,122 (GBP)
Funding ID 6351 
Organisation Western Power Distribution 
Sector Private
Country United Kingdom
Start  
 
Description Western Power Distribution
Amount £250,000 (GBP)
Funding ID 123434 
Organisation Western Power Distribution 
Sector Private
Country United Kingdom
Start  
 
Description e4Future
Amount £5,220,000 (GBP)
Organisation Innovate UK 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 05/2018 
End 04/2021
 
Title Advanced Stochastic Unit Commitment Model 
Description The model utilize a novel mixed integer linear programming formulation for stochastic unit commitment that optimizes system operation by simultaneously scheduling energy production, standing/spinning reserves and inertia-dependent fast frequency response in light of uncertainties associated with wind production and generation outages. Post-fault dynamic frequency requirements, (a) rate of change of frequency, (b) frequency nadir and (c) quasi-steady-state frequency are formulated as linear constraints by using the simplified model of system dynamics. 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact The proposed model allows to simultaneously optimize energy production, standing/spinning reserves and inertia-dependent fast frequency response. The inertia reduction effect, driven by high penetration of renewals, is directly considers for the first time in the stochastic unit commitment model. Therefore, the challenges on the primary frequency control and the opportunities for flexible resource (e.g. EVs) could be accurately quantified. 
URL http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?tp=&arnumber=7115982
 
Title Whole electricity system model 
Description This model takes into account spatial and temporal characteristics of the energy system 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact Informing industry and government about the whole system value of distributed energy resources 
 
Description DC Equipment Donation from Western Power Distribution to the University of Bath 
Organisation Western Power Distribution
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution University of Bath developed a number of innovations for Western Power Distribution's smart grid demonstration project - Solar Bristol. This includes: i) local dc grid design, ii) smart tariffs, iii) local energy management systems. The demonstration was to trial if and how to use consumer resources to allow high density PV generation to be connected to the existing system whilst support grid constraints. These innovations have been deconstruction have been implemented over 26 homes, 4 schools and data centre, involving each premise PV panels, energy storage and integrated energy management systems.
Collaborator Contribution Western Power Distribution (WPD) has provided in-depth practical knowledge concerning their low voltage networks, challenges from integration renewables and data sets concerning customers and networks. Upon the completion of Solar Bristol project, WPD has donated the demonstration equipment to the University of Bath in December 2016 for education and research purposes. They provide continued support to Bath research and teaching in community energy with the view to develop the University of Bath capability in research, development and testing.
Impact The DC laboratory provides an in-house facility for teaching and research from 2017. There are 2 research assistants and 2 undergraduates using the facilities for their research, this is expected to grow very substantially as we develop further the laboratory capability for future undergraduate teaching and postgraduate research.
Start Year 2016
 
Description Interaction with wholeSEM project 
Organisation University of Cambridge
Department Department of Engineering
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Informed on the value and benefit of energy storage.
Collaborator Contribution Assisted in the development of models to quantify the value of flexibility in low carbon electricity systems.
Impact Input into whole systems model
Start Year 2016
 
Description International EV Policy Council 
Organisation University of California, Davis
Department The Institute of Transportation Studies
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The council meets in workshops where they bring together their research findings to build an in-depth understanding of global EV market developments. This research is assimilated into systematic literature reviews that contain this research and research from other academics around the world. Once all empirical evidence on an area has been gathered the council develop policy guides that are backed up by a large body of empirical evidence
Collaborator Contribution The council meets in workshops where they bring together their research findings to build an in-depth understanding of global EV market developments. This research is assimilated into systematic literature reviews that contain this research and research from other academics around the world. Once all empirical evidence on an area has been gathered the council develop policy guides that are backed up by a large body of empirical evidence
Impact Policy guides: See: https://phev.ucdavis.edu/international-ev-policy-council-policy-briefs/
Start Year 2017
 
Description The Future Structure of Distribution Systems 
Organisation Northern Powergrid
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Develop quantitative evidence back up by laboratory demonstration for introducing different markets to the distribution system, inform how the industry should move from the present passive industry structure that largely address the problem through investment to an active structure with substantially increased operating efficiency.
Collaborator Contribution Provide practical guidance on the key issues, keep us updated with concurrent industry development, such as industry-led Open Network and Future Power System Architecture. They will critically review our development, and identify early opportunities for achieving major impacts.
Impact "System Architecture for Customer-led Distribution System", abstract accepted by European Electricity Market conference, 2018. "Assessment of Relative Efficiency of Differing Energy Markets for Community Energy", abstract accepted by CIRED 2018.
Start Year 2017
 
Title Battery monitoring in electric vehicles, hybrid electric vehicles and other applications 
Description A method for monitoring the condition of at least one cell of a battery, used in an electric or hybrid electric vehicle. The battery is connected to a power converter to supply electrical power to an electrical load. The method includes the steps of: controlling the power converter to vary the input impedance of the power converter to draw a varying current from the cell; sensing the voltage across the cell and the current drawn in response to varying the impedance of the power converter; calculating from the sensed voltage and current the complex impedance of the cell; and comparing the calculated complex impedance with information indicative of a correlation between (i) the complex impedance and (ii) information indicative of the condition of the cell, to give an indication of the condition of the cell. The varying current may be actively varied or passively varied. 
IP Reference US20130229156 
Protection Patent application published
Year Protection Granted
Licensed No
Impact unknown
 
Title Home Area Energy Management System Considering Uncertainties 
Description This is the first software that can deal with natural volatilities existing in consumer homes, many conversion efficiencies cross subsystems, such as DC/DC conversion, DC/AC conversation. This is achieved by substantially simplifying the management problem by converting all efficiency issues into the impact to the main's supply. 
Type Of Technology Software 
Year Produced 2015 
Impact The software has been used by Western Power Distribution on its Smart Grid Demonstration Project - Solar Bristol, managing energy flows. 
 
Title Integrated whole-energy system (IWES) model 
Description Uniqueness of the model is in very granular spatial and temporal resolution while considering multi-energy vectors including electricity, heat, transport. 
Type Of Technology Software 
Year Produced 2018 
Impact Informing Government about the cost effectiveness of alternative decarbonisation pathways 
 
Title Network Charging Software 
Description The software combines technical modelling of power system and economic appraisal in the Excel platform, able to quantify the long-term network investment cost from connecting a generator or demand at each node in the system. Using the traditional approach, the process is an iterative method between technical modelling and economic appraisal and requires operates to transfer data from modelling to economic analyses. Not only it takes nearly 100 times of Bath platform, it is prone to human errors. The software development is supported by the University of Bath IAA fund and WPD's cash support. 
Type Of Technology Software 
Year Produced 2007 
Impact The software has been validated with local utility, Western Power Distribution, with their power system engineers and charging manager, showed confirming results and with substantially reduced time (from 1 months effort down to 20 minutes). UK Power Network and Northern Powergrid expressed strong interests to adopt the software. This has now on pause as the charging methodology is on major reform and more recently, the charging reform on the distribution system is undergoing further reform to be consistent with that of the transmission system. The industry's view is once this is completed, then it would be a good time to consider upgrading the software to take into account of the new charging standards. 
 
Description 2017 IEEE PowerTech 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation on the new methodology for quantifying the security contribution of energy storage and demand side response
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description ? Invited Speech entitled "Coordinated Operation of Multi Energies" in IEEE PES General Meeting 2018 in the Panel "Energy Internet: Concept and Key Technologies", Portland, the US, 7th Aug 2018. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Invited Speech entitled "Coordinated Operation of Multi Energies" in IEEE PES General Meeting 2018 in the Panel "Energy Internet: Concept and Key Technologies", Portland, the US, 7th Aug 2018.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description ? Keynote Speech entitled "Future Energy Supply Networks" in IEEE 2nd International Electrical and Energy Conference (CIEEC2018) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact IEEE 2nd International Electrical and Energy Conference (CIEEC2018), Beijing, China, 4th - 7th Nov, 2018.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description A panel presentation in IEEE PES GM 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Prof Goran Strbac gave a panel presentation in 2018 IEEE PES General Meeting in Portland.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description A presentation in Birmingham University 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact I gave a talk on"Ancillary service requirement and optimization in the future low carbon system" in Birmingham University, UK. The talk was well attended by postgraduates, researchers and policy makers from both UK and China.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description A presentation in ESIG 2019 Spring Workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Dr Danny Pudjianto gave a talk in the public event on the decarbonisation of UK energy sector.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description A presentation in HangDian University 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact I gave a talk on "Operation of the future low carbon power systems" at Hangdian University, China. A mix of people attended the talk, including undergraduates, postgraduates and researchers. Discussion is ongoing for further activities.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description A presentation to a delegation of national and provincial representatives from China 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact I gave a talk on the UK energy transition to a delegation of national and provincial representatives from China, which was organised by UKERC. The delegation is made up of energy infrastructure, transport and planning experts.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description A talk at Energy Research Institute of the National Development and Reform Commission 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Prof Goran Strbac and myself were invited to Energy Research Institute of the National Development and Reform Commission to give a talk on the development of Energy Storage in UK.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description An invited talk in Workshop on nexus of smart energy, intelligent manufacturing and transportation systems 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Prof Goran Strbac gave a talk on "Whole-System approach to cost effective decarbonisation of Industrial, Transport, Heat and Electricity Sectors". The talk stimulate discussions on the need of whole-system approach in the energy sector assessment.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Benefits of Smart Grids in Future Low-carbon Electricity Systems, Berlin, European Institute of Innovation and Technology - Smart Energy Summer School,August 2013. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Presentation of Benefits of Smart Grids in Future Low-carbon Electricity Systems and discussion afterwards

Higher interest in the topic
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description CIRED Conference - Flexibility from distributed energy resources: generation, storage and responsive demand 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Presenting modelling related to importance of flexibility and smart operation in future low carbon energy systems
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Chair of Panel "Applied Energy Global UNiLAB of Multi-Energy Microgrids" in 10th International Conference on Applied Energy (ICAE), Hong Kong, 24 Aug, 2018. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Chair of Panel "Applied Energy Global UNiLAB of Multi-Energy Microgrids" in 10th International Conference on Applied Energy (ICAE), Hong Kong, 24 Aug, 2018.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description City of Stockholm e-mobility conference, February 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Presented on the impact of large-scale rollout of EVs to an audience of about 60 people.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Conference on Energy Storage 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Setting out the role and value of energy storage in future low carbon energy system
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Electromobility conference Latvia, February 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Presentation to inform the discussion on the impact of EU-wide rollout of electric vehicles on the electricity grid.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Give a speech 'Challenges for Future Development of Power Sector' at State Grid Energy Research Institute 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Give a speech at State Grid Energy Research Institute China and inform the potential market development and business case for state grid china.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Give a talk in Beihang University, China 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact I was invited to give a talk on "Operation and planning of the future low carbon energy systems" in Beihang University, China
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Give a talk in China Electric Power Research Institute 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Prof Goran Strbac and Dr Fei Teng were invited to CEPRI to give a talk on the Electricity Market Design and Energy Storage. We also held a discussion with the researchers regarding the electricity market design experience for China.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Give speech 'Introduction of EU (UK) Reform of Electricity Market and their experiences to China' at International Workshop on Electricity Market 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact More than 100 attendants showed in this event and exchanged the vision on the market development all over the world.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Give speech 'Role and value of energy storage in the future low carbon energy systems' at NDRC Energy Research Institute, China 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Give a speech at NDRC Energy Research Institute, China regarding the role and value of energy storage in the future low carbon energy systems and inform the development of electricity market to support the application of energy storage.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Give speech 'Role and value of flexibility in the future low carbon energy systems' at 7th China International Conference on Electricity Distribution 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Give a speech at 7th China International Conference on Electricity Distribution regarding 'Role and value of flexibility in the future low carbon energy systems' and inform the potential development of electricity market in China.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description IEEE Power and Energy Society - General Meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Setting out Market design requirements for Energy Storage and flexible demand
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Impact of High Penetrations of Electric Vehicles on the Electricity System, Croatian Committee of CIRED - Seminar on the impact of electro-mobility on distribution grid and power system, Zagreb, November 2012. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Presentation of Impact of High Penetrations of Electric Vehicles on the Electricity System and discussion afterwards

Higher interest in the topic
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Impact of mass EV rollout on EU electricity system, Eurelectric Brussels, September 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Presentation of Impact of mass EV rollout on EU electricity system

Higher interest in the topic
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Impact of mass EV rollout on EU electricity system, International Energy Agency Task 19 - Expert workshop on LCA Aspects of Electricity Production, Distribution and Charging Infrastructure for Electric Vehicles, Barcelona, October 2014. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Presentation on Impact of mass EV rollout and opportunities for smart charging and G2V

Higher interest in the topic
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description International EV Policy Council 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact International EV Policy Council

Co-ordinated by the Plug-in Hybrid & Electric Vehicle Research Center, UC Davis

The International EV Policy Council is a group of 25 experts from around the world committed to developing effective policies to promote EV market growth. The experts are all researchers and academics working at universities, laboratories, institutes, and research centres that focus on gathering empirical evidence on battery electric and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles. The council meets in workshops where they bring together their research findings to build an in-depth understanding of global EV market developments. This research is assimilated into systematic literature reviews that contain this research and research from other academics around the world. Once all empirical evidence on an area has been gathered the council develop policy guides that are backed up by a large body of empirical evidence. This means that the project will provide policy makers with the most holistic and robust policy guides to date allowing them to make informed policy decisions.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017,2018
URL https://phev.ucdavis.edu/international-ev-policy-council/
 
Description International Institute for Energy Systems Integration - annual workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation on the role and value of energy storage in supporting cost effective transition to low carbon energy systems
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Invited Speech entitled "Future Energy Supply Networks" to the National Assembly for Wales Cross Party Group on Sustainable Energy, Cardiff, UK, 13th June, 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Invited Speech entitled "Future Energy Supply Networks" to the National Assembly for Wales Cross Party Group on Sustainable Energy, Cardiff, UK, 13th June, 2018
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Invited Speech entitled "Integration of the Networks" in the Wales Energy Conference 2018, Cardiff, UK, 16th May, 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Invited Speech entitled "Integration of the Networks" in the Wales Energy Conference 2018, Cardiff, UK, 16th May, 2018
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Invited Speech entitled "Multi-Vector Innovation" in Utility Week Live, Birmingham, UK, 22nd May, 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Invited Speech entitled "Multi-Vector Innovation" in Utility Week Live, Birmingham, UK, 22nd May, 2018
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Invited Speech entitled "Smart Local Energy Systems" in IEEE 2018 International Conference on Power System Technology (PowerCon 2018) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Invited Speech entitled "Smart Local Energy Systems" in IEEE 2018 International Conference on Power System Technology (PowerCon 2018), Guangzhou, China, 6th - 8th Nov, 2018.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Invited presentation at Future Mobility Conference, Dubai, November 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Gave a presentation on "Smart Large-Scale Integration of EV into European Power Systems" to a varied audience, and participated in a panel debate afterwards.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Keynote Speech entitled "Low-Carbon Local Energy Systems" on 22nd Oct 2018 in Global Engineering Conference (GEC), 22nd - 26th Oct 2018 in London 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Keynote Speech entitled "Low-Carbon Local Energy Systems" on 22nd Oct 2018 in Global Engineering Conference (GEC), 22nd - 26th Oct 2018 in London. GEC is part of our ICE 200 bicentenary programme, the 50th anniversary of WFEO and the UK Government's Year of Engineering. GEC brought together more than 2000 engineers from around the world to London to share ideas of how to address the UN Sustainable Development Goals.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Keynote Speech entitled "Smart Local Energy Systems" in the Workshop on Nexus of Smart Energy, Intelligent Manufacturing and Transportation Systems, 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Workshop on Nexus of Smart Energy, Intelligent Manufacturing and Transportation Systems, Leeds, UK, 24-25 Jan 2019.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Keynote in Beihai 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Keynote Speech entitled "Robust Analysis of Smart Distribution Networks" in 2nd International symposium on smart grid methods, tools and technologies, Weihai, China, 4-7 July, 2017
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Keynote on VESS in Beijing 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Keynote Speech entitled "Virtual Energy Storage Systems for Power System Frequency Response" in 2017 China International Electrical and Energy Conference, Beijing, China, 26th Oct, 2017.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Member of IEA Wind Task 25 as UK representative 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact The participants collect and share information on the experience gained and the studies conducted up to and during the task. The case studies address different aspects of power system operation and design: reserve requirements, balancing and generation efficiency, capacity credit of wind power, efficient use of existing transmission capacity and requirements for new network investments, bottlenecks, cross-border trade and system stability issues. The main emphasis is on the technical operation. Costs are assessed when necessary as a basis for comparison. Also technology that supports enhanced penetration are being addressed: wind farm controls and operating procedures; dynamic line ratings; storage; demand side management (DSM), etc.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Member of IEEE PES SES Demand Response Working Group 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact This working group will identify emerging demand response technologies, develop methods performance evaluation and cost benefits studies, and investigate different market schemes that can provide economic incentives to DR programs. The goal of the working group is to identify the criterions for evaluating demand response technologies and build business models for DR as energy and ancillary service market products. The WG will work on developing a white paper that summarizes the ongoing research and applications of different DR technologies and host panels and tutorials to disseminate the results.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Participate in ETP on Smart grids - General Assembly 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Gave Keynote speech on "The need for a fundamental review of electricity networks reliability standards"
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Participate in Smart Power Alliance 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Gave talk on "Paradigm shift to smart, low carbon energy future: Opportunities and Challenges"
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Participate in Workshop of International Institute for Energy System Integration 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Gave talk on "Flexibility in Energy System Models"
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Paticipation in EERA Joint Programme in Energy Systems Integration 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The EERA ESI event held in Copenhagen in November 2016 was attended by 50+ energy system researchers from across Europe. The programme included several presentations by Imperial team members.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Runners up in 2015 Low Carbon Champions Award for best publication 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact 5 publications on electric vehicles produced jointly with UK Power Networks nominated for Low Carbon Vehicle Partnership's (LowCVP) Low Carbon Publication or Report of the Year. In a tight competition our reports were ranked as second best.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.lowcvp.org.uk/initiatives/lowcarbonchampions/2015-Awards.htm
 
Description The road to 2040: Driving Franco-British collaboration in low carbon vehicles 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Contribution to workshop at UK Embassy in Paris on 15 Nov 2017 about pathways to low emission vehicles and transportation electrification
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description UK - China Future Energy workshop in Birmingham 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact I gave a presentation on "Ancillary service requirement and optimisation in the future low carbon system" and the message was well received by the audiences.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description UNiLAB Panel 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Chair of Panel "UNiLAB of Distributed Energy and Microgrids" in International Symposium of Renewable Energy Integration through Mini/Microgrids (REM), Cardiff, UK, 19th Oct, 2017.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description UNiLAB panel in Beijing 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Chair of Round Table "Applied Energy UNiLAB" in 2017 China International Electrical and Energy Conference, Beijing, China, 26th Oct, 2017.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Urban Innovation in Brazil Partnership Building Visit 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Invited by the InnovateUK and Scottish Power Energy Networks, joined the "Urban Innovation in Brazil Partnership Building Visit" organized by Newton Fund and KTN, and as one of the 14 UK delegated, visited Sao Paulo and Belo Horizonte during 21st - 27th Jan 17
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Vehicle to Grid Scoping Workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Awareness of the challenges in V2G market and identification of synergies between academic instutions, industry and government
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.eventbrite.co.uk/e/vehicle-to-grid-scoping-workshop-london-tickets-30348766979?utm_campa...
 
Description Workshop at 2017 the Annual meeting of The Transportation Reseach Board of National Academies 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Objective :To share information and generate discussion between industry and academia regarding the future of grid connected vehicles

Outcomes: awareness of the challenges regarding the future of grid connected vehicles
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://sustainabletransport.ca/2017/01/31/visions-of-grid-connected-vehicles-what-is-the-goal-and-h...
 
Description Workshop on nexus of smart energy, intelligent manufacturing and transportation systems 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Setting research agenda for future intelligent manufacturing and transportation systems
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description a presentation to Department for International Trade at Imperial 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact I gave a talk on Energy Storage to a delegation from Department for International Trade.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018