Thermoelectrics Network -TEMPEST (ThermoElectric Materials, Physics, Electronics & SysTems)

Lead Research Organisation: University of Manchester
Department Name: Materials

Abstract

The Seebeck and Peltier effects are thermoelectric effects which occur particularly strongly in semiconductors whereby a temperature gradient across a material is converted to a current which can be exploited for power generation, or the use of an externally supplied electrical current to cause a flow of heat in the material. The growing concern over fossil fuels and carbon emissions has led to detailed reviews of all aspects of energy generation, transportation and routes to reduce consumption. Thermoelectric (TE) technology, utilising the direct conversion of waste heat into electric power or vice versa has emerged as a serious contender, particularly for self-powered sensors, automotive and heat engine related applications. Thermoelectric power modules employ multiple pairs of n-type and p-type TE materials arranged electrically in series and thermally in parallel and formed into ceramic modules of usually less than 60mm x 60mm.
In an effort to enhance the UK's capability in this key area, we propose to establish a network in TE materials, device physics and systems. The network will serve as a focal point for activity and bring together workers in different disciplines to define and address the considerable research challenges presented in realising the potential offered by this technology. The initial membership of the Network will include 13 universities (representing Physics, Chemistry, Materials and Engineering disciplines), The National Physical Laboratory, 7 industrial partners covering all aspects of the Thermoelectric module design and manufacture supply chain, plus a large number of end users. In total over 32 individual organisations will be represented. With a broad based interdisciplinary partnership we will adopt an integrated approach addressing:

(i) Theory - to understand the factors controlling thermoelectric properties and ways to predict properties on the basis of structure and composition.
(ii) Investigations of structure - at both atomic levels and microstructure levels to underpin theoretical studies and support processing-structure-properties studies.
(iii) Materials and device processing - to identify ways of improving materials and devices
(iv) Property Measurements - validation of measurement techniques
(v) Simulation and modelling of device and system performance
(vi) Interfaces and interconnects - understanding the problems limiting performance
(vii) Systems electronics- identification of architectures appropriate to different applications;
(viii) Applications and Markets - identifying needs and the devices/systems required.

A management committee will be established to co-ordinate the activities of the Network and to monitor the scientific and technical programmes. The management committee will: (i) organise at least two meetings per year and an annual workshop; (ii) help with defining themes for collaborative programmes; (iii) assist with the exchange of students/workers; (iv) establish links with national and international organisations. A secretary/administrator will support day to day running of the Network, and be responsible for communication via a web page and newsletters. The Network will provide increased opportunities for joint projects, inter-laboratory measurement comparisons, the definition of a Roadmap for Thermoelectrics, and the initiation of novel research programmes.

Planned Impact

The project will link together a large number of academic groups and industrial partners (at least 30 initially) representing all aspects of the supply chain involved in the development and exploitation of thermoelectric materials and associated technologies for the generation of electrical energy or the management of thermal energy. The beneficiaries in the commercial sector are threefold: (i) materials manufacturers who will have new products, (ii) producers of energy management devices who will be able to develop new products for new low and high temperature markets, and (iii) users of thermoelectric modules, such as motor vehicle manufacturers, generating energy from waste heat contained in the vehicle's exhaust gases. Policy makers will benefit from the research by knowledge of developments of environmentally friendly methods of energy generation and a way to help reduce the use of fossil fuels. There will be opportunities for museums and science centres with exhibits highlighting the principles of thermoelectric energy transformation via applications from automobiles to domestic refrigerators to high performance Games consoles.

To the wider public there will be environmental benefits of utilising thermoelectric devices and systems for increasing the efficiency of the processes to extract energy from fossil fuels, leading to improved fuel consumption for automobiles and industrial plants with the accompanying environmental benefits and a slowing of the consumption of natural resources. This will yield economic benefit to individuals and the UK. The research has the potential to impact the wealth and the economic competitiveness of the UK by assisting in the development of enhanced thermoelectric materials, power and heat pump modules. For UK companies there will be new opportunities and new markets in the production of superior materials, the development of energy management systems, and exploitation of hybrid and combined cycle energy generation systems. All companies in the supply chain should become more competitive. With generation of power from waste heat in the automobile and other sectors there will be improved fuel consumption and the potential for reduction of imported oil to the UK, giving additional economic benefits. New thermoelectric power modules should be realised within 3-5 years, bringing benefits to companies in the supply chain within 3-7 years. The wider benefits of effective power generation and potential reduction of oil consumption through the transition to sustainable energy sources should come within 5-10 years.

Researchers working on the supporting projects will gain transferable skills in materials synthesis, characterisation, modelling, module and system engineering, thermal and electrical interfacing and numerous application areas. They will also become proficient in report writing and critical analysis that will be of value in future employment.

We will establish a network linking UK industrial companies relevant to the supply chain, users of power generation modules, plus academics in the field. Regular contact will be maintained and news of developments will be circulated via electronic newsletters and the Network's website. The programme of Workshops, Network Conferences and training events will provide opportunities for network members to develop new collaborative projects.Non-confidential findings will be published on a project web page. Scientific and technological findings will be disseminated to the academic and industrial communities via presentations at major international and trade conferences and high impact refereed publications.

Publications

10 25 50

 
Description Established series of interdisciplinary workshops between materials engineers, chemists, modellers, and engineers to identify routes for improved materials and thermoielectric modules for power generation
Exploitation Route development of new thermoelectric modules based on new materials and methodologies
Sectors Chemicals,Electronics,Energy

 
Description New thermoelectric materials developed and being developed. New types of thermoelectric modules being investigated for possible exploitation
First Year Of Impact 2014
Sector Chemicals,Electronics,Energy,Transport
Impact Types Economic

 
Description Kees de Groot Southampton - Nanostructured Bismuth Telluride Thin Films - Advancing the Capability of Thermoelectric Materials Selective Chemical Vapour Deposition for Production of Thermoelectric Micro-Generators for Energy Harvesting
Amount £363,000 (GBP)
Funding ID ST/P00007X/1 
Organisation Science and Technologies Facilities Council (STFC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 02/2015 
End 10/2019
 
Description Kees de Groot Southamton - Controlling the nanostructure of bismuth telluride by selective chemical vapour deposition from a single source precursor Chemical vapour deposition of antimony chalcogenides with positional and orientational control: precursor
Amount £86,000 (GBP)
Funding ID ST/L003376/1 
Organisation Science and Technologies Facilities Council (STFC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 02/2014 
End 02/2015
 
Description Lazarov York; Advanced Materials for harvesting energy from heat
Amount £20,000 (GBP)
Organisation University of York 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 06/2015 
End 05/2016
 
Description MISE Functional Materials Network
Amount £30,000 (GBP)
Organisation University of St Andrews 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 05/2018 
End 08/2018
 
Description Neophytou Warwick - Si based nanomaterials with high TE power factors
Amount € 1,498,000 (EUR)
Organisation European Research Council (ERC) 
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 07/2016 
End 06/2020
 
Description Realising the Graphene potential
Amount £99,000 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/M50774X/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2015 
End 03/2016
 
Description UMIP
Amount £180,000 (GBP)
Organisation University of Manchester 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 11/2018 
End 02/2020
 
Description AIST Japan 
Organisation National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology
Country Japan 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Elecctron microscopy of thermoelectric materials
Collaborator Contribution Development of new thermoelectric materials
Impact Papers
Start Year 2011
 
Description Bath University 
Organisation University of Bath
Department Department of Chemistry
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Development and characterisation of oxide thermoelectrics
Collaborator Contribution Modelling to understand oxide thermoelectrics
Impact Publications
Start Year 2010
 
Description ETL 
Organisation European Thermodynamics
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Development of Thermoelectric Oxides
Collaborator Contribution Development of Thermoelectric Oxide modules
Impact Patent Publication
Start Year 2011
 
Description Queen Mary 
Organisation Queen Mary University of London
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Development of Oxide thermoelectrics; electron microscopy
Collaborator Contribution Processing of thermoelectric oxides
Impact publications
Start Year 2008
 
Description SuperSTEM 
Organisation Daresbury Laboratory
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Development of novel thermoelectrics
Collaborator Contribution Atom level electron microscopy
Impact publications
Start Year 2009
 
Description Surrey 
Organisation University of Surrey
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Development of oxide thermoelectrics
Collaborator Contribution DEvelopment of thin and think film samples
Impact Publications
Start Year 2014
 
Description University of Oulu 
Organisation University of Oulu
Country Finland 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Collaboration in processing routes for oxide thermoelectrics
Collaborator Contribution Cold sintereing of oxide thermoelectrics
Impact None yet
Start Year 2015
 
Description ACerS MCARE Conference Vancouver Canada August 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact ACerS MCARE International Conference on Energy Materials; 700 delegates
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Annual MASSIVE Research Workshop on Environmetally Friendly Energy Materials - Weston Super Mere UK 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Annual MASSIVE Research Workshop on Environmetally Friendly Energy Materials - 80 peolple attended; research presentations over two days; invited talks from industry.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description CLOSELOOP Energy Materials Workshop, Helsinki Finland November 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact CLOSELOOP Energy Materials Workshop, concerned with environmentally friendly materials, 75 delegates
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Energy Materials Network Workshop, Edinburgh, UK 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact One day international research workshop reviewing developments in energy materials and their applications
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description European Microscopy Conference, Lyon 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presented talk - Recent applications of high energy and spatial resolution STEM-EELS to energy harvesting materials
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description European Thermoelectric Conference lLisbon 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Talk reporting - Crystal Structure and High Temperature Thermoelectric Properties of La1/3NbO3 Perovskite
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description European Thermoelectric Conference lLisbon 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Talk on - The effect of stoichiometry on the crystal structure and thermoelectric properties of Bi2+xSr2Co2Oy
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description India-UK Thermoelectric Workshop, India Bangalore 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Thre day international research workshop reviewing developments in thermoelectric materials and their applications. Explored possible bids for international collaboration
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description International Conference on Thermoelectrics, Caen France July 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact International conference thermoelectrics; 600 delegates, presentations over 5 days.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description International Thermoelectric Symposium, Dresden 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Talk reporting - Tungsten Bronze Barium Neodymium Titanate (Ba6-3xNd8+2xTi18O54): A new high temperature oxide thermoelectric
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description MISE Functional Materials workshop Birmingham UK 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact MISE Functional Materials workshop; 70 delegates
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Materials Research Society Annual Meeting Arizona 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Talk reporting - Thermoelectric Graphene-Strontium Titanate composites with High ZT and Wide Operating window - to international research audience
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Novel Energy Materials Workshop - lLverpool UK 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Series of presentations on Novel Energy Materials - 60 people attended; Liverpool University
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description PacRim International Conference Hawaii USA 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact PacRim International Conference Hawaii USA; session concerned with energy materials
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Royal Society Discussion Meeting on Energy Materials Buckinhamshire UK 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Royal Society Discussion Meeting on Energy Materials; 80 delegates
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Thermoelectric Materials Symposium Japan 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Talk reporting - High ZT Graphene-Strontium Titanate Thermoelectric Composites - to international audience
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Thermoelectric Network Meeting in Edinburgh UK 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact One day workshop on thermoelectric energy materials and devices - EPSRC Thermoelectric Network
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Thermoelectric Network Workshop, Edinburgh, UK 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact One day international research workshop reviewing developments in thermoelectric materials and their applications
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.thermoelectricnetwork.com/home.html
 
Description Thermoelectric Network Workshop, Glasgow UK 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact One day workshop on progress in thermoelectric materials and their applications
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.thermoelectricnetwork.com/home.html
 
Description Thermoelectric Network Workshop, Manchester, UK 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Series of presentations by specialist on thermoelectrics defining the status of the field and needs for future development
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.thermoelectricnetwork.com/home.html
 
Description Thermoelectric Network Workshop, Manchester, UK 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Two day international research workshop reviewing developments in thermoelectric materials and their applications
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.thermoelectricnetwork.com/home.html
 
Description Thermoelectric Network Workshop, NPL Teddington, UK 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact One day workshop on research developments in thermoelectrics, and one day training event on measurement techniques for thermoelectrics
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.thermoelectricnetwork.com/home.html
 
Description Thermoelectric Network Workshop, Reading UK 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact One day workshop on techniques and applications in thermoelectrics, followed by one day Trainng Event for younger workers - theme of modelling in Thermoelectrcs
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Thermoelectric Network Workshop, Southamton, UK 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact One day international research workshop reviewing developments in thermoelectric materials and their applications
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Thermoelectric Network Workshop, loughborough UK 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Series of presentations by specialist on thermoelectrics concerned with engineering applications. Training event for postgraduate students and young researchers concerned with use of thermoelectrics for automotive applications
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.thermoelectricnetwork.com/home.html