CRITiCaL - Combatting cRiminals In The CLoud

Lead Research Organisation: Newcastle University
Department Name: Sch of Computing

Abstract

The Cloud is an emerging technology that offers democratic access to computing power, data storage, software and services often for a small pay-per-use cost. Like any new technology the Cloud has potential for great good, but in the wrong hands can facilitate criminal activity. Within this project we seek to understand the different types of crime that can happen in the Cloud, build systems that will allow the detection of this criminal behaviour and enable the use of digital evidence to lead to successful prosecution of Cloud crime perpetrators.

In order to achieve this goal we are forming a truly inter-disciplinary research centre leveraging the strengths of both Durham and Newcastle Universities. Bringing together the strengths of Durham in criminology, law and ethics along with the strengths of Newcastle in the areas of (computer) systems security, artificial intelligence, data mining and psychology. We are convinced that Cloud crime can only be detected and tackled by such a truly inter-disciplinary centre. Such a centre will actively create the research foundations for successful computational methods in crime detection combined with good user engagement, generating research that can cross disciplines and directly inform public policy, police and prosecution practices and transform public understanding of Cloud crime.

This will involve development of a true understanding of what crime can be conducted on the Cloud. Facilitated through the development of cloud crime scripts, defining the activities of a criminal act, which will aid discussion between the different disciplines and must be presentable in a format understandable by our key stakeholders: Cloud providers/users/developers, law enforcement agencies and the criminal justice system.

The detection of criminal activity in the cloud requires the integration of heterogeneous sensors, aggregation and analysis techniques, where we draw upon existing expertise in cloud security assurance (Gross, IBM), host monitoring and anomaly detection Ben-ware (McGough, Wall, DSTL), and fuzzy search on unstructured data, intrusion detection and analysis (Nifty, Yan). We propose combining the systems expertise with complementary techniques in artificial intelligence, including data mining (McGough), behaviour machine learning, anomaly detection (Ploetz) and hierarchical machine learning and knowledge extraction (Bacardit).

This portfolio gives raise to multiple means to derive and combine intelligence, present bespoke visualizations, situational awareness, grammar or language generation for the cloud crime scripts. Thus allowing the centre to tailor the intelligence, and its presentation, to a given stakeholders needs. We propose using additional human computation and crowd sourcing techniques to reduce the number of situations where the system incorrectly identifies a criminal act. The use of human computation and crowd sourcing will also allow us to hone the machine learning system, developing a suite of hybrid techniques that, together, will improve cloud crime detection but will frame the results in such a way as to support subsequent crown prosecution processes. This latter achievement will require expertise in the disciplines of criminology, forensic sciences, law and ethics and will require collaboration with police forces throughout the UK and Action Fraud.

In addition we will bring in relevant work around (i) forensic psychology (Oxburgh) that will deliver case-sensitive interview and investigative procedures for witnesses, victims and investigators; (ii) prosecution procedures that will ensure that evidence going to court is not compromised by intelligence gathering methodologies and (iii) prevention of underreporting of Cloud crime and improvement of public understanding and confidence.

Planned Impact

It is accepted that the use of the Cloud is expanding at an exceptional rate and the technology is developing very rapidly. The Centre is committed to not just keeping pace with the technical development but also to enable understanding of the issues behind the new areas of criminality in the cloud. The Centre will maximise the impact (in knowledge, societally and economically) of its activities for the UK and the region, following Newcastle University's dedication as civic university and the Centre for Cybercrime and Computer Security (CCCS) theme 'Protecting Society's Fabric'. Impact from the activities will fall in the broad areas below:

1. Knowledge on cloud crime and cybercrime.
Outputs from Work Packages (WP) 1 and 5 will enable greater understanding of the environment and criminal use of the Cloud. Through our stakeholder network this will expand knowledge, assets and capacities for all stakeholders involved, be it Law Enforcement Agencies (LEA) - police forces etc., cloud providers, victim organizations, or government. This includes:

- Methodological knowledge in terms of guidelines and best practices affecting policy
- Action plans to exercise upon such as investigative interview scripts
- Recommendations for policing and governance for policy and operational development.

Output from WP 2 will enable the use of novel system architectures to gain real time situational awareness, including real-time detection and simulation thereby delivering intelligence on the criminal activity. This will also offer the opportunity of use by LEAs for better approaches to digital forensics and detection.

2. People and UK Cyber Security Experts.
Expansion of the knowledge base understanding and expertise by the Centre are critical aspects of WP 2, 4 and 6. By the research of the centre and through the engagement strategy there will be effective knowledge transfer to stakeholders in addition all researchers will have the environment to become experts of the fields of cloud computing and cloud crime. The Centre Draws together experts from Durham and Newcastle forming a hub of cybercrime and security research in the North East that is second to none. Additional impacts include:

- PhD students, in particular with the EPSRC DTCs Cloud Computing for Big Data and Digital Civics in collaboration and supervised by investigators, additional PhDs contributed by the institutions, and GCHQ/ACE-CSR PhDs aligned with the centre topics.
LEAs, police forces and SME cloud developers will both have access to experts and will themselves have the opportunity to become experts in cloud and cyber crime understanding for policing and governance.

3. Economics.
The north East already has a significant ICT and digital economy (e.g. Sunderland Software city, Dyanamo NE, Cobalt Data park) the centre will provide an additional growth impulse to these initiatives. Drawing on a fabric of SMEs already present and connected to the universities and centres. (WP6)
Amplifying government and council investments from Newcastle and Sunderland council, as well as the universities, e.g. Science Central in Newcastle, or the council/government co-funded Newcastle cloud centre.
WPs 2-6 will create a critical mass for cloud security research aligned with the G-cloud vision exercised in the Northeast.

4. Society.
Use of the Cloud will increase dramatically in the future; the development of policies, detection methods, understanding can be used a source of new policy development and discussion. In particular the Centre will improve public confidence as pursued in the user engagement strategy (WP5, 6) and drive down under-reporting as discussed with Northumbria police.
Feedback with end-users from both virtual real communications how cloud crime and their harm is taken care of and a better understanding of the criminal environment will lead to higher detection rates and confidence in the LEAs.
 
Description Meetings with the National Crime Agency to enable 1. how this research can impact the 4Ps (Prepare, Protect, Prevent, Prosecute) 2. how social sciences research can support the NCA, especially in perpetrator escalation and engagement with victims. Negotiated information sharing agreement with the NCA to pursue research agenda on forum data. Reached data exchange with Sunderland Council, first results on machine learning and clustering of Sunderland in-house cloud.
Sector Digital/Communication/Information Technologies (including Software),Government, Democracy and Justice,Security and Diplomacy
Impact Types Cultural,Societal,Policy & public services

 
Description Provided policy advice to the DG 'Development and Cooperation' of the European Union on matters of cyber capacity building as an internationally selected Member of the European Union Institute of Security Studies (EUISS) Task Force on Cyber Capacity Building.
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
URL https://www.iss.europa.eu/content/towards-operational-guidance-eu%E2%80%99s-cyber-capacity-building-...
 
Description UN (UNODC) Expert Group Meetings on Cybercrime, UN Vienna International Centre, April 3-5 2018 / Also May 14 2018 / August 27-31 2018 / Oct 16-19 2019
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
Impact This is hard to exactly quantify. I contributed to a) the UN Cybercrime Treaty meetings in April 2018 b) to the UN ODC 27th United Nations Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice and talked about cybercrime (see presentations) in May 14 2018 c) I took part in the UNODC Doha meetings to develop a cybercrime curriculum in August and October 2018 I contibuted to thinking on Cybercrime and also to the development of a model cybercrime curriculum that will be offerred to lecturers globally which they will adapt to their own jurisdictions
URL https://www.unodc.org/e4j/en/tertiary/cybercrime.html
 
Description Human Dimensions of Cyber Security
Amount £915,946 (GBP)
Funding ID Stephen McGough: EP/P01187X/1, David Wall: EP/P011721/1, (main grant, PI Eerie Boiten: EP/P011772/1) 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2017 
End 03/2019
 
Description Cloud crime with MET 
Organisation Metropolitan Police Service
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Initial agreement on joint efforts.
Collaborator Contribution Initial agreement on joint efforts.
Impact The collaboration is once commencing.
Start Year 2016
 
Description Cloud crime with NCA 
Organisation National Crime Agency
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Advising the NCA on technical and social aspects of cloud crime. Proposed a research agenda with multiple structured abstracts on forum data analysis.
Collaborator Contribution Offering understanding of the national strategy to address cyber crime and cloud crime. Requirements towards police user engagement. Data for further analysis.
Impact The outcomes of initial conversations have been captured in a results paper governed by David Wall. We've negotiated an information sharing agreement on forum data of interest to the NCA, to employ multiple research methods from machine learning and data mining as well as social sciences (criminology and psychology).
Start Year 2015
 
Description GCHQ - NCSC 
Organisation Government Communications Headquarters (GCHQ)
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution We establish the capability to run analyses for research projects, especially with a machine-learning methodology, on data with protective marking secret.
Collaborator Contribution GCHQ supported the creation of a secure environment, including expertise on design and accreditation.
Impact Secure computing facility for primarily impacting cloud crime research at first. The Secure Data Safe Haven was established and its physical setup accredited by the GCHQ accreditor to be secure to hold government-grade cryptographic devices. The system has been equipped with corresponding government-grade cryptographic devices following a formal GCHQ authorization.
Start Year 2015
 
Description Northumbria Police 
Organisation Northumbria Police
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Scoping analysis of police (ActionFraud) data to detect patterns in police data, especially towards problem profiles or causality in case files. Eventually, Northumbria Police decided to build up a machine learning capability in-house, after our discussions of possible benefits for classification and analysis.
Collaborator Contribution Briefing on police needs on data analysis and reporting.
Impact Initial meetings towards collaboration agreement. Decisions on building capacity in the Northumbria Police Force.
Start Year 2016
 
Description Sunderland Inhouse Cloud 
Organisation Sunderland City Council
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Deliver understanding of cloud crime on government in-house clouds, especially with the capacity to analyse business-process level incidents.
Collaborator Contribution Offers data to be analysed by the project.
Impact Initial conversations to date. Established a data exchange. Realized clusterings and machine learning analysis on Sunderland in-house cloud configuration data, identifying abnormal cases (computers, users) incl. factors such as services and apps setup.
Start Year 2015
 
Description "Next Generation Privacy for Smart Technologies" 33rd Annual BILETA Conference (10th April 2018) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact PROGRAMME BILETA CONFERENCE UNIVERSITY OF ABERDEEN (as at 6 April 2018)

"Digital Futures: places and people, technology and data"
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://works.bepress.com/subhajitbasu/95/
 
Description Anomaly Detection and Categorization Using Unsupervised Deep Learning (Invited Talk) GTC April 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Discuss anomaly detection - Presentation by S.McGough
Possible Applications:
• Terrorist activity tracking
• Acting out of character, predicting activity
• Ship/Flight tracking data
• Hijacking, Flight deviations
• Police crime database
• Criminal profiling, acting out of character
• Unwanted information release
• Topic changes, specific damaging
subjects,(e.g Wiki Leaks)
• Student applications
• Identifying bogus attempts for visa
• Social media Tracking
• Social grooming, political persuasion
• Safety camera tracks
• Normal movements of people in area
• Illegal financial transactions
• Fraud, laundering
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://community.dur.ac.uk/stephen.mcgough/CV/Papers/2016/GTC_0.5-expanded.pdf
 
Description Anomaly Detection and Categorization Using Unsupervised Deep Learning: Deep Learning Meets TensorFlow Mega Meetup - Silicon Valley, CA (S.McGough) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Discuss anomaly detection - Presentation by S.McGough Possible Applications: • Terrorist activity tracking • Acting out of character, predicting activity • Ship/Flight tracking data • Hijacking, Flight deviations • Police crime database • Criminal profiling, acting out of character • Unwanted information release • Topic changes, specific damaging subjects,(e.g Wiki Leaks) • Student applications • Identifying bogus attempts for visa • Social media Tracking • Social grooming, political persuasion • Safety camera tracks • Normal movements of people in area • Illegal financial transactions • Fraud,laundering
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://community.dur.ac.uk/stephen.mcgough/CV/Papers/2016/TensorFlow_0.1-expanded.pdf
 
Description BDA4CID 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Cyber-attacks have posed real and wide-ranging threats for the information society. Detecting cyber-attacks becomes a challenge, not only because of the sophistication of attacks, but also because of the large scale and complex nature of today's IT infrastructures.

When significant amounts of data is collected from computer systems operations and monitoring, data science and intelligent advanced analytics are necessary to correlate, learn and mine, interpret and visualize such data. To mitigate existing cyber threats, it is important that cyber-attack detection and security analysis take advantage of data science and advanced analytics. Big data provides a systemic approach, from capturing of IT operation data, through data processing and event correlation, to anomaly detection and response decision.

This Workshop will focus on the cutting-edge developments from both academia and industry, with a particular emphasis on novel techniques to capture, store and process the big-data from a wide range of sources in monitoring IT infrastructures, and in particular on the methodologies and technologies which can be applied to correlate, learn and mine, interpret and visualize the cyber security data.

This workshop is timely and interesting for researchers, academics and practitioners in big data processing and analytics, cyber security, cyber defense, security analytics, data mining and machine learning of security data, security information and event management, along with anomaly detection. The workshop is very relevant to the big data community, especially data mining, machine learning, cycler physical systems, computational intelligence, and will bring forth a lively forum on this exciting and challenging area at the conference.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://siwn.org.uk/events/bda4cid/
 
Description Bankademia Workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Participation in a banking and Academia summit between 15 academics and 15 banking executives/experts on possibilities of joint engagements and funding schemes. Networking.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Big data breaches: cloud-enabled (or law-assisted?) cybercrime' Cardiff 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Dr Maria Grazia Porcedda, 'Big data breaches: cloud-enabled (or law-assisted?) cybercrime', EurCrime 2017, European Society of Criminology, University of Cardiff, 15 September 2017, Cardiff.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description CPDP Conference - Brussels Jan 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Dr Maria Grazia Porcedda, 'On boundaries. In search for the essence of the right to the protection of personal data', 11th Computers, Privacy and Data Protection Conference (CPDP), 26 January 2018, Brussels.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Chaired Ransomware sessions at the Technologies of Crime, Justice and Security Conference, Leeds 19-20 March 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact The activity was a 2 day workshop organised by the Cybercrime Research Group at Leeds University. Papers were presented (mostly on the EPSRC EMPHASIS and CRITICAL research projects) but also other academics. The audience was varied and discussed issues related to technology and crime.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Chaired the Interdisciplinary approaches on future cybercrime research, at the Future Directions in Cyber Crime Research, RISCS/ Home Office and National Cyber Security Centre Workshop, 30th November, London. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact I chaired the Interdisciplinary approaches on future cybercrime research at the Future Directions in Cyber Crime Research. This was a RISCS/ Home Office and National Cyber Security Centre Workshop, 30th November, London.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Coles-Kemp, L. and Wall, D.S. (2018) 'Cyber Security Scholarship: A Provocative and Critical look at the Science of Cybersecurity', RISCS Research Institute in the Science of Cyber Security, Friends Meeting House, London, 8th February 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The activitity was organised by the RISCS group to develop scientific research methods and interdisciplinary working
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.riscs.org.uk/
 
Description Collaboration meeting with NCA 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Round Table discussion with NCA/NCCU in NCA Headquarters, representation of the centre by David Wall, Steve McGough, Aad van Moorsel, Thomas Gross
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Collaboration with GCHQ on Data Safe Haven 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Establishing an accredited data safe haven for research on confidential data, such as of NCA or regional police forces.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016,2017
 
Description Conceptualising Cybercrime Today: Happy Birthday WWW you are 25', 5th International Conference on Cybercrime and Computer Forensics, Sofitel, Broadbeach, Gold Coast, Australia 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Wall, D.S. (2017) 'Conceptualising Cybercrime Today: Happy Birthday WWW you are 25', 5th International Conference on Cybercrime and Computer Forensics, Sofitel, Broadbeach, Gold Coast, Australia 18 July 201
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Conceptualising Cybercriminals Today' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Wall, D.S. (2017) 'Conceptualising Cybercriminals Today', The TILT Lecture, (Tilburg University Institute of Law and Technology), Nederlands, 24th October.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Conference call with EMPHASIS on possible joint study 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Discussion between CRITiCaL and EMPHASIS on the possibility of a joint study/survey.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Crime and Cloud Technologies: The problem of volume cybercrime, Panel 7.15, Cloud Crimes - European Society of Criminology, Cardiff 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Papadodimitraki, Y and Wall, D.S. (2017) Crime and Cloud Technologies: The problem of volume cybercrime, Panel 7.15, Cloud Crimes - European Society of Criminology, Cardiff, 15th Sept. 2017
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Crime, Security, and Information Communication Technologies: The Changing Cybersecurity Threat Landscape and Implications for Regulation", Centre for Technology, Ethics, Law & Society (TELOS) 10th Anniversary Celebration, King's College London, 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Wall, D.S. (2017) "Crime, Security, and Information Communication Technologies: The Changing Cybersecurity Threat Landscape and Implications for Regulation", Centre for Technology, Ethics, Law & Society (TELOS) 10th Anniversary Celebration, King's College London, 30th June 201
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Cybercrime in Social Media by Sputnik International, see EU Needs Larger Budget, Int'l Cooperation to Tackle Cybercrime - Analysts, Sputnik International 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Interviewed about Cybercrime in Social Media by Sputnik International, see EU Needs Larger Budget, Int'l Cooperation to Tackle Cybercrime - Analysts, Sputnik International, 14 December 2017, https://sputniknews.com/europe/201712131059975500-eu-cybercrime-china-linkedin
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://sputniknews.com/europe/201712131059975500-eu-cybercrime-china-linkedin
 
Description D S Wall 'Breaking the cybercrime chain', Third Annual Cybercrime Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact In future years we intend to focus on research that has been carried out using datasets provided by the Cybercrime Centre, but for this year we have once again organised a stellar group of invited speakers who are at the forefront of their fields. They will present various aspects of cybercrime from the point of view of criminology, law, security economics and policing.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.cambridgecybercrime.uk/conference2018.html
 
Description D S Wall 'Developing an Interdisciplinary social science understanding Organised Crime and Terrorist Networks 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Wall, D.S. (2018) 'Developing an Interdisciplinary social science understanding Organised Crime and Terrorist Networks: WorkPackage 2, Progress Review of TAKEDOWN with the European Commission, 10-11 April 2018
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description D S Wall Are Booter Services (Stressers) indicative of a new form of organised crime group online 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Musotto, R. and Wall, D.S. (2018) Are Booter Services (Stressers) indicative of a new form of organised crime group online? Paper given to the UNODC Linking Organized Crime and Cybercrime Conference, School of Global Studies, Hallym University, Chucheon, South Korea, 7-8 June 2018.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.slideshare.net/RobertoMusotto/are-booter-services-stresses-indicative-of-a-new-form-of-o...
 
Description D S Wall Changes in the business model of creative arts: towards the theft of ideas as a cybercrime? 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Wall, D.S. (2018) 'Changes in the business model of creative arts: towards the theft of ideas as a cybercrime?', Panel 1151 Working Group on Law and Popular Culture, RCSL (Research Committee Sociology of Law), Lisbon, 10-13 September.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description D S Wall Crime/Terror Nexus workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact This workshop is jointly organised by the Strategic Hub for Organised Crime Research (SHOC) at RUSI and the newly created Sussex Terrorism and Extremism Research Network (STERN) at the University of Sussex. It brings together representatives from government, law enforcement agencies and academia to take stock of the current state of knowledge on the terrorism/organised crime nexus and discuss its implications for law enforcement in Europe.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://rusi.org/event/organised-crimeterror-nexus-workshop
 
Description D S Wall Cryptocurrency and Money Laundering Workshop, Royal United Services Institute (RUSI) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Participant at the Cryptocurrency and Money Laundering Workshop, Royal United Services Institute (RUSI), Whitehall, London, 30 May 2018
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description D S Wall Cybercrime in the Cloud Cloud Technologies and Cybercrime, to West Yorkshire Police, Independent Advisory Group on Cybercrime 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Wall, D.S. (2019 (Policing) Cybercrime in the Cloud Cloud Technologies and Cybercrime, to West Yorkshire Police, Independent Advisory Group on Cybercrime, Moot Court Room, School of Law, University of Leeds, 10 Jan.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description D S Wall Economic Cybercrimes: international cooperation between police agencies, Cybercrime Workshop, United Nations Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact United Nations Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice
(CCPCJ) - 14 May 2018, Vienna - Cybercrime Workshop Theme: Criminal justice responses to prevent and counter cybercrime in all its
forms, including through the strengthening of cooperation at the
national and international levels
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.unodc.org/documents/commissions/CCPCJ/CCPCJ_Sessions/CCPCJ_27/Workshop_Programme_REV2_we...
 
Description D S Wall Linking up Academic Cybercrime and Cybersecurity Research 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact The New Normal: Linking up Academic Cybercrime and Cybersecurity Research at Leeds, West Yorkshire Police, Independent Advisory Group on Cybercrime, Leeds University, 6th June 2018
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description D S Wall Member and Participant on HMIC-FRS external reference group Cyber-dependent crime 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Member and Participant on HMIC-FRS external reference group Cyber-dependent crime, Vauxhall, London, 26 November, 2018.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description D S Wall Observer at Expert Group Meeting on Cybercrime 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Open-ended intergovernmental expert group to conduct a comprehensive study of the problem of cybercrime
Vienna, 3-5 April 2018
The outcome of the deliberations on the issue of cybercrime held during the Twelfth United Nations Congress on Criminal Prevention and Criminal Justice in 2010 was included in the Salvador Declaration on Comprehensive Strategies for Global Challenges: Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Systems and Their Development in a Changing World. The Economic and Social Council, in its resolution 2010/18, and the General Assembly, in its resolution 65/230, requested the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice to establish, in line with paragraph 42 of the Salvador Declaration, an open-ended intergovernmental expert group, to be convened prior to the twentieth session of the Commission, to conduct a comprehensive study of the problem of cybercrime and responses to it by Member States, the international community and the private sector, including the exchange of information on national legislation, best practices, technical assistance and international cooperation, with a view to examining options to strengthen existing and to propose new national and international legal or other responses to cybercrime.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.unodc.org/unodc/en/organized-crime/open-ended-intergovernmental-expert-group-to-conduct-...
 
Description D S Wall Organised Cybercrime, United Nations Expert Group on Cybercrime, 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Participant, respondent and presenter on Organised Cybercrime, United Nations Expert Group on Cybercrime, meeting on the Cybercrime Curriculum Part 2, Tbilisi, Georgia, 20-23 November 2018.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description D S Wall Recent developments in Cybercrime and Cybersecurity: impacts upon healthcare 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Wall, D.S. (2018) "Recent developments in Cybercrime and Cybersecurity: impacts upon healthcare", Talk to the Bristol Medico-Legal Society, 10 May, 2018
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description D S Wall United Nations Expert Group on Cybercrime 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Participant and presenter, United Nations Expert Group on Cybercrime, meeting on the Cybercrime Curriculum, United Nations Centre, Vienna, 28-31 August 2018.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description D S Wall and M G Porcedda Conference Legal Aspects of Data Science 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The conference is a flagship event for the Data Science and Law Research Network, a joint project between Tilburg University, the University of Osnabrück and the Jagiellonian University in Kraków. It aims to launch research collaboration between leading experts and younger, upcoming scholars conducting research on comparative law, regulation, technology, and issues related to the data society in which we live. It also aims to include practicing lawyers and other professionals with an interest in the legal aspects of data science. The conference intends to facilitate an exchange of expertise and establish a shared research agenda in the longer term.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.tilburguniversity.edu/current/events/show/event-conference-legal-aspects-of-data-science...
 
Description D S Wall, M G Porcedda and P Briggs Technologies of Crime, Justice and Security Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact The event brings together more than 30 leading European academics and practitioners with diverse backgrounds, ranging from Sociology and Law to Economics and Computer Science. The conference will begin with opening remarks by the Head of School, Professor Alastair Mullis, the Head of the Centre for Criminal Justice Studies (CCJS), Professor Louise Ellison, and the conference co-organiser Professor David Wall.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://essl.leeds.ac.uk/law/events/event/90/technologies-of-crime-justice-and-security-conference
 
Description Data Analytics Group (NVIDIA's GPU Workshop) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact Data Analytics Group - NVIDIA' GPU Programming and Machine Learning Workshop.. invited talk by Noura Al Moubayed, Stephen McGough, Stephen Bonner, John Brennan, Amit Gajbhiye, Becky Allen, Abdulla Sheikh
interactive discussion. presentations, further collaboration
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Digilantism: Digital Vigilantes and Covert Policing Online', Privacy 7: Panel - Covert Policing in the Digital Age, TILTing perspectives 201 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Wall, D.S. (2017) 'Digilantism: Digital Vigilantes and Covert Policing Online', Privacy 7: Panel - Covert Policing in the Digital Age, TILTing perspectives 2017, Regulating a connected world, 17-19 May 2017, Tilburg, The Netherland
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Engagement workshop with NCA 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Visit of Prof. David Wall to NCA to scope activities for Northern Cloud Crime Centre
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Experts meeting on Brexit and Internal Security, 30 June 2017Aston University, Birmingham. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Dr Maria Grazia Porcedda 'From AFSJ opt-outs to AFSJ opt-ins', Experts meeting on Brexit and Internal Security, 30 June 2017Aston University, Birmingham.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Formal Negotiation with NCA on Information Sharing Agreement 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Negotiation to finalize Information Sharing Agreement with the National Crime Agency (NCA)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description GCHQ Workshop on Establishment of Secure Data Safe Haven 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The meeting was to prepare the creation of a secure data centre, inter alia meant to enable work on law enforcement data with protective marking, such as from the NCA or other police forces.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description GCHQ on Data Safe Haven 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Three experts from GCHQ have visited Newcastle University for a number of full-day or two-day workshops to discuss and inform the design and realisation of a secure data safe haven, meant to build a capability to analyse data with protective marking 'secret'. The visits were insightful, spawned questions and technical discussions and yielded a deeper understanding of technology and research procedures needed for the EPSRC Contrails Centre CRITiCaL.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014,2015,2016
 
Description GCHQ/NCSC Meeting to establish cryptographic capacities of the Secure Data Safe Haven 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Establishing the final security mechanisms of the Secure Data Safe Haven.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description GPU Technology Conference May 2017 (GTC2017), San Jose 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact NVIDIA's GPU Technology Conference (GTC) is the premier
AI and deep learning event, providing you with training, insights, and direct access to experts NVIDIA and other leading organizations.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://gputechconf2017.smarteventscloud.com/connect/search.ww#loadSearch-searchPhrase=&searchType=s...
 
Description Goldsmith, A. and Wall, D.S. (2017) The Seduction of Cybercrime, paper given at the Illicit Networks (IX) Policing Flows (III) Conference, Flinders University, Adelaide South Australia 11-13 December. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact This joint talk was to the Illicit Criminal Networks and Policing Flows conference in Adelaide Australia
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description High-profile meeting with Northumbria Police on Causality Reasoning and Pattern Detection 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Conversation on collaboration on pattern detection on police data.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description How might Crime-Scripts be used to Support the Under-standing and Policing of Cloud Crime?', Multidisciplinary approaches to cloud crime panel, published in the proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Human Aspects of Information Security, Privacy and Trust 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Warren, S., Briggs, P., Oxburgh, G. & Wall, D. (2017) 'How might Crime-Scripts be used to Support the Under-standing and Policing of Cloud Crime?', Multidisciplinary approaches to cloud crime panel, published in the proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Human Aspects of Information Security, Privacy and Trust, Vancouver Convention Centre, Vancouver, Canada 9-14 July 2017
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description IEEE Big Data 2017 December 2017 Boston, MA 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact IEEE Big Data 2017 December 2017 Boston, MA
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://cci.drexel.edu/bigdata/bigdata2017
 
Description IEEE International Conference on Cloud Engineering, Orlando Florida, USA 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Short paper entitled 'UniGuard: Protecting Unikernels using Intel SGX', to be delivered by Thomas Gross and Ioannis Sfyrakis at the IEEE International Conference on Cloud Engineering. 17th - 20th APril 2018, Orlando, Florida.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://conferences.computer.org/IC2E/2018/accepted_papers.htm
 
Description Identifying Changes in the Cybersecurity Threat Landscape using the LDA-Web Topic Modelling Data Search Engine', published in the proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Human Aspects of Information Security, Privacy and Trust, Vancouver Convention Centre, Vancouver, 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Al-Moubayed, N., Wall, D. & McGough, S. (2017) 'Identifying Changes in the Cybersecurity Threat Landscape using the LDA-Web Topic Modelling Data Search Engine', published in the proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Human Aspects of Information Security, Privacy and Trust, Vancouver Convention Centre, Vancouver, Canada 9-14 July 2017
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Initial NCA workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Two leaders of the National Crime Agency (NCA) visited Newcastle University for an exchange on strategies on engaging cyber and cloud crime, leading up to agreements on further user engagement. This led to future focus areas for the collaboration with the NCA
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Initial Workshop with Financial Conduct Authority 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact Initial meeting to present research topics of the ACE-CSR and CRITiCaL in financial areas, negotiation on topics of joint interest.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Internet of Everything': The inevitable end of Privacy? International Conference on Current Trends in Higher Education in India 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact It is a Keynote Lecture, more 700 people attended this International Conference, including Ministers.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://essl.leeds.ac.uk/law/news/article/958/dr-subhajit-basu-delivers-keynote-lecture-at-the-inter...
 
Description Interviewed Radio York Breakfast time, on Crime and the Darkweb 8am, 26th September, 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Interviewed Radio York Breakfast time, on Crime and the Darkweb 8am, 26th September, 2017
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Interviewed by Radio Leeds on the Darkweb at 5pm Monday 25th September 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Interviewed by Radio Leeds on the Darkweb at 5pm Monday 25th September 2017
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Interviewed by Sarah Jane Mee on the Sky Sunrise programme about Policing and Terrorism, 24th May 2017, 08:35 AM 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Interviewed by Sarah Jane Mee on the Sky Sunrise programme about Policing and Terrorism, 24th May 2017, 08:35 AM - transcript at https://article.signalmedia.co/ef484066-d0f9-44bb-8b59-a75d88fb7a9c?u=194b50e5-1cf0-486c-8184-247d81d36d50?igin=repor
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Interviewed by Yorkshire Post on 'Policing the internet: cyber-security and the dark web, and the developing experience we have here at the University and across Yorkshire' 19th September 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Interviewed by Yorkshire Post on 'Policing the internet: cyber-security and the dark web, and the developing experience we have here at the University and across Yorkshire' 19th September 2017
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Interviewed by the BBC TV News on buying drugs on the Darkweb for broadcast on Look North - 6.30 pm Monday 25th September 2017. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Interviewed by the BBC TV News on buying drugs on the Darkweb for broadcast on Look North - 6.30 pm Monday 25th September 2017.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description M G Porcedda 2018 Legal Technology North Conference,Tech North 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited to contribute to the panel "Cybersecurity". The conference gathered legal practitioners.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description M G Porcedda 6th Annual Privacy Forum, European Network and Information Security Agency 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact • June 2018, 6th Annual Privacy Forum, European Network and Information Security Agency and Polytechnic of Catalonia, Barcelona
Presentation "'Privacy By Design' in EU Law. Matching Privacy Protection Goals with the Essence of the Rights to Private Life and Data Protection". The conference gathered stakeholders from the information security community.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.enisa.europa.eu/news/enisa-news/enisa-annual-privacy-forum-2018-shaping-technology-aroun...
 
Description M G Porcedda E-privacy Conference, 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Invited to contribute to panel discussion "Aligning Digital Communication Capabilities with Data Protection Law after Brexit".The conference gathered data protection and information security practitioners.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description M G Porcedda West Yorkshire Police Cyber Independent Advisory Group January 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Presentation "The Cascade Effect in Cybercrime".The cyber independent Advisory Group gathers stakeholders from the community fighting against cybecrime
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Meeting with BAe 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Scoping meeting with presentation of ACE-CSR and CRITiCaL portfolio to evaluate possible strategic partnership with BAe.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Meeting with CLUE 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Conversation on possible collaborations with CRITiCaL and the ACE-CSR, liaison with police forces.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Meeting with NCA 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Conversation of Prof. David Wall with NCA to scope research activities and develop the Centre's research aims wrt. police forces.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Meeting with Northumbria Police on Possible Collaborations 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact We hosted a workshop with Northumbria Police discussion multiple possible avenues for research engagements with CRITiCaL as well as the Academic Centre of Excellence in Cyber Security Research (ACE-CSR).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Meeting with Northumbria Police to Discuss Possible Avenues for Collaboration 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Establishing a list of possible collaborations based on a number of research projects of the ACE-CSR and CRITiCaL.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description NCA Social Sciences Focus group 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact 5 members of the National Crime Agency (NCA) and National Cyber Crime Unit (NCCU) have participated in a user engagement workshop with the social sciences arm of the project, investigating how to approach cloud crime from a social sciences angle. The primary outcome is a report on this dialogue, topics for further collaboration and key research questions.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Negotiation with Sunderland Council on Data Exchange, based on Structured Abstract 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact We proposed a structured abstract of an research endeavor to Sunderland Council and reached an agreement on a first data exchange for Machine Learning Analysis.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Participation on Collaborative Approaches against Cybercrime, 5th International Conference on Cybercrime and Computer Forensics, Sofitel, Broadbeach, Gold Coast, Australia 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Participation on Collaborative Approaches against Cybercrime, 5th International Conference on Cybercrime and Computer Forensics, Sofitel, Broadbeach, Gold Coast, Australia 17, July 2017
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Presentation to the North East Fraud Forum 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Presentation to ~50 people at the North East Fraud Forum.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Public Seminar for the 30th anniversary of the Centre for Criminal Justice Studies Perspectives on the Future of Cybercrime, School of Law Leeds 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Dr Maria Grazia Porcedda, 'Big data breaches: cloud-enabled (or law-assisted?) cybercrime', Public Seminar for the 30th anniversary of the Centre for Criminal Justice Studies Perspectives on the Future of Cybercrime, School of Law, University of Leeds 6 November 2017, Leeds.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Research portfolio meeting with Northumbria Police 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Overview of relevant research to Northumbria Police (leads: Michael Barton and Melanie Morters), in the areas of Protect and Prevent, especially for problem profiles and interventions.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Sentiment Analysis Through the Use of Unsupervised Deep Learning - GPU Technology Conference, May 2017 Silicon Valley, CA 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact (Stephen McGough, Noura Al Moubayed) Invited as Keynote Speakers to give talk on Sentiment Analysis Through the Use of Unsupervised Deep Learning
Discussion afterwards & networking leading to future collaboration & engagement
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.gputechconf.com/
 
Description Technologies of Crime, Justice and security Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact ~50 people interested in Crime, Justice and Security. Presenting techniques for using AI to help practitioners in these areas.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description The 1st e-Crime & Artificial Intelligence Forum 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact International Conference with Key themes:
Improving web security
AI in core network security
AI's role in defending against malicious insiders
Evaluating AI and machine learning solutions
AI in identity and access management
Understanding AI, machine learning, deep learning and neural nets
Deploying AI solutions
AI in alert prioritization and data analysis
Mallet against machine: regulating the AI landscape
Subhajit Basu, Associate Professor, Cyber Law, University of Leeds
• In order to make automation effective, feeding a vast amount of data is necessary. How do you ensure that this data is used in a secure
way and for the right purposes?
• What are the legal implications if a machine learning platform gets hacked?
• The connected landscape needs greater regulation. But how do you implement this, especially when there is a stigma that 'lawyers
don't understand technology and technology professionals don't understand the law'!
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://works.bepress.com/subhajitbasu/97
 
Description The Darkweb & The Weaponisation of Data? - A new crime-terror nexus online?' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Wall, D.S. (2017) 'The Darkweb & The Weaponisation of Data? - A new crime-terror nexus online?', TAKEDOWN Conference D3.5, Van Der Valk Hotel, Brussels, 16th November
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description The Seductions of Cybercrime - Identifying pathways into and out of Cybercrime', SASO (Scottish Association for the Study of Offending), Glancing Back: 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Wall, D.S. (2017) 'The Seductions of Cybercrime - Identifying pathways into and out of Cybercrime', SASO (Scottish Association for the Study of Offending), Glancing Back: Looking Forward New Crimes & Ensuring Justice, 48th Annual Conference, The Westerwood Hotel and Golf Resort Cumbernauld 3rd & 4th November 2017
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description The Use of Encryption by Criminals: The UK Experience', Encryption Policy Workshop, Directorate General Joint Research Centre (DG-JRC) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Wall, D.S. (2017) 'The Use of Encryption by Criminals: The UK Experience', Encryption Policy Workshop, Directorate General Joint Research Centre (DG-JRC), 30th May 2017, JRC Ispra, Italy.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description The criminal use of encryption to hide intelligence and commit crimes, European Society of Criminology, Cardiff, 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Wall, D.S. (2017) The criminal use of encryption to hide intelligence and commit crimes, European Society of Criminology, Cardiff, 15th Sept. 2017
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description The data breaches' European legal (un)patch(ed)work', presentation delivered at the Cambridge Cybercrime Centre, University of Cambridge 13 July 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The data breaches' European legal (un)patch(ed)work', presentation delivered at the Cambridge Cybercrime Centre, University of Cambridge 13 July 2017, Cambridge
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Tilec-GovReg Conference "Economic Governance of Data Driven Markets June 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Dr Maria Grazia Porcedda 'Big Data Breaches? Harms to privacy rights of datafication' paper presented at the Tilec-GovReg Conference "Economic Governance of Data Driven Markets", Tilburg University, 13 October, Tilburg.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Towards a conceptualization of cloud (cyber)crime', `Multidisciplinary approaches to cloud crime panel, published in the proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Human Aspects of Information Security, Privacy and Trust, Vancouver Convention Centre, Vancouver, 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Wall, D.S. (2017) 'Towards a conceptualization of cloud (cyber)crime', `Multidisciplinary approaches to cloud crime panel, published in the proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Human Aspects of Information Security, Privacy and Trust, Vancouver Convention Centre, Vancouver, Canada 9-14 July 2017
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Wall, D.S. (2017) "The Gifts that Keep on Taking: Cybercrime Futures", Keynote Address, 22nd Annual CyberPsychology, CyberTherapy & Social Networking Conference (CYPSY22), University of Wolverhampton, England, June 26-28 2017. CYPSY22 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This keynote addressed the issue of the cybercriminals involved in cloud crime and also ransomware
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://interactivemediainstitute.com/cypsy22/
 
Description Wall, D.S. (2017) 'A New Online Crime-Terror nexus? The Darkweb & The Weaponisation of Data?', Festschrift, Clive Walker, Leeds University, 1st Dec. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact This was a presentation at a festschrift for a retiring colleague. The audience were members of the House of Lords, Government, Judiciary, Crown Prosecution Service. The outcome has been much interest in the research projects.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Wall, D.S. (2017) 'BIG DATA, BIG CRIME: The Cloud, CyberCrime and Policing', Big Data and Cyber Security Workshop, TILT (Tilburg University Institute of Law and Technology), Nederlands, 25th October. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A talk to a workshop on the implications of Big Data on crime. It helped develop ideas and about upstream (Data Breach, DDOS, Mass Spam) and downstream cybercrime such as Ransomware and frauds.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Wall, D.S. (2017) 'CYBERCRIME and the problems of prosecuting offenders', Presentation to the Sri Lankan Judiciary - Familiarisation Programme on Procedural Justice and Judicial Role 18 December. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The presentation was to senior Sri Lankan Judiciary who were learning about solutions to the challenges of cybercrime, including cloud crime and cybercrimes of extortion
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Wall, D.S. (2017) 'Darknets, Deepweb and Cryptocurrencies in relation to Organized Crime', Paper to ISSE The future of digital security & trust, Deloitte EMEA., Belgium, 15th November. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact This talk was to a conference of the cybersecurity industry.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.eema.org/isse-2017-future-digital-security-trust/
 
Description Wall, D.S. (2017) 'Policing Bitcoin: The Challenge of CryptoCurrencies for Policing, 2017 CEPOL Research & Science Conference, Hungarian National University of Public Service in Budapest, 28th November. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact This talk was to the CEPOL (European Police Training College) on Bitcoin as a payment method for Ransomware and Extortion.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.cepol.europa.eu/science-research/conferences/2017
 
Description Wall, D.S. (2017) 'Ransomware, Cloud Crime and Bitcoin', West Yorkshire Police Cyber Independent Advisory Group, Leeds, 13th December. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation to the West Yorkshire Police Independent Advisory Group on Cybercrime
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Wall, D.S. (2017) 'The Human Dimensions of Ransomware', RUGIT Meeting (Russel Group IT Managers meeting), Bristol Engine Shed, 2nd November. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A presentation to develop a dialogue with practitioners (Russell Group IT managers) to help us with our research and also feed back to them.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Wall, D.S. (2017) 'The Reality of the Virtual Currency Threat: An Academic Perspective', Virtual Currencies and the Future of Money Laundering, RUSI (Royal United Services Institute), 61 Whitehall, London, 26th September 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact This talk was to the Royal United Services Institute and covered Ransomware and Cloud Crimes
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description contribution to workshop: Future Directions in Cyber Crime Research 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact RISCS and the Home Office workshop to discuss future research priorities and evidence gaps in relation to cyber crime.
The cyber crime research field has been growing over the past years and we are beginning to see more join-up across the disciplines in tackling important research questions. However, we still have some way to go in resolving key evidence gaps regarding:
• the scale, costs and consequences of cyber crime;
• profiles and pathways into offending;
• victimisation and how to improve cyber security behaviours amongst public and businesses; and
• effectiveness of interventions to prevent, deter and disrupt offending.
Building further understanding of these areas is key for tackling cyber crime and meeting objectives set out in the National Cyber Security Strategy.

In the context of exciting plans for the expansion of RISCS, and further potential funding opportunities, we would like to invite you to a workshop with policy makers, law enforcement and academic colleagues from a range of disciplines, to help identify key evidence gaps and research opportunities for the future.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description e-Crime and Artificial Intelligence Forum 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Presentation at a regular forum meeting (e-Crime) on the machine learning approaches which can be taken to help identify potential offenders and those more likely to be attacked.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://akjassociates.com/event/aiforum
 
Description nterviewed by Highsnobriety (fashion magazine) about counterfeit cars in China and the lack of international copyright laws enforceable. 'China's Counterfeit Car Culture Is All Kinds of Sus', 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Interviewed by Highsnobriety (fashion magazine) about counterfeit cars in China and the lack of international copyright laws enforceable. 'China's Counterfeit Car Culture Is All Kinds of Sus', Highsnobriety, 17 May, 2017 - http://www.highsnobiety.com/2017/05/17/chinese-counterfeit-cars/
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.highsnobiety.com/2017/05/17/chinese-counterfeit-cars/
 
Description nterviewed by The Register about cryptocurrency. Silver, A. (2017) 'Crown Prosecution Service is coming for crooks' cryptocurrency' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Interviewed by The Register about cryptocurrency.
Silver, A. (2017) 'Crown Prosecution Service is coming for crooks' cryptocurrency', The Register, 30 November, https://www.theregister.co.uk/2017/11/30/cps_cryptocurrency_confiscation
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description yberCrime: The Changing Cybersecurity Threat Landscape and Implications for Regulation, TILT (Tilburg Institute of Law and Information Technology), Nederlands 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Wall, D.S. (2017) CyberCrime: The Changing Cybersecurity Threat Landscape and Implications for Regulation, TILT (Tilburg Institute of Law and Information Technology), Nederlands, 23rd October.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017