Novel adsorbents applied to integrated energy-efficient industrial CO2 capture

Lead Research Organisation: Heriot-Watt University
Department Name: Sch of Engineering and Physical Science

Abstract

The UK Government has an ambitious target to reduce CO2 emissions by 80% by 2050. Industrial processes account for 25% of total EU CO2 emissions, and moreover, they are already operating at or close to the theoretical limits of efficiency. Therefore, CO2 capture and storage (CCS) is the only technology that can deliver the required emission reductions. However, efficiency and capital cost penalties associated with CO2 capture are hindering the deployment of CCS. There is an opportunity here for industrial CCS to operate at a wider range of temperatures and to integrate available thermal streams with heat required for on-site sorbent regeneration.

This multidisciplinary proposal unites leading engineers and scientists from the Universities of Heriot-Watt, Hull and Newcastle to realise our vision of integrating novel hydrotalcite solid sorbents with advanced heat integration processes for industrial CO2 capture. Hydrotalcite materials present a big potential for industrial CCS, as they show faster kinetics and better regenerability over other high temperature sorbents; however, their application in industrial capture processes remains largely unexplored. We will research novel methodologies to enhance and tailor performance of hydrotalcites for CO2 capture over a wide range of conditions needed in industrial processes. We will also address the challenge of designing a suitable process that combines the roles of heat management (heat recovery for desorption) and mass transfer (ad- and desorption) across a range of process conditions (temperature, pressure, humidity, gas constituents) with a degree of flexibility that is economically and technically viable.

Planned Impact

This multidisciplinary collaboration across leading Universities will impact on society and economy through the integration and deployment of industrial CO2 capture and associated materials and process industries, as well as impact knowledge and capacity building. We will realise the potential knowledge based, economic and societal impacts of our research through application and exploitation and communication and engagement activities.

The outcomes of this project will contribute to achieving the UK's ambitious target of reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 80% by 2050, as industrial processes account for 25% of total EU CO2 emissions. The approach in this proposal to develop adsorption processes for integrated energy-efficient industrial CO2 capture will impact on the reduction of our CO2 emissions from industry, and by extent in the global economy and quality of life. In the UK, the potential for low-grade waste heat recovery is between 11-14.4TWh with a potential cost savings for waste heat recovery of up to £285m/year. Moreover, most heat intensive industries (cement, ceramics, iron and steel, glassmaking, chemicals, refineries, paper and pulp, and food and drink), employ around 2% of the UK workforce and contribute £50 bn/year.

We have planned a user engagement strategy to generate maximum impact and identify and exploit research outputs via a portfolio of knowledge exchange activities and we have carefully taken into account the recommendations of the Dowling Report. A broad range of stakeholders have been identified to benefit from the outcomes of this project, including industry and UK Policymakers and Regulators.

We will deliver two training courses open to industry and policy stakeholders and the cohort of researchers. We will promote two-way flexible secondments with our international and industrial partners to transfer skills and knowledge and also deliver three engagement workshops to exchange knowledge, identify funding/collaboration opportuniti and dissemination of outputs. These activities build upon the existing and proven knowledge transfer and professional training platform at the investigators' institutions and will be supported through the expert Business Development teams at the investigators' institutions. An IP watching brief will be produced every six months and our University Technology Transfer Offices (TTOs) will help to identify and support the commercial exploitation through patenting and consultancy.

We propose a plan for outreach to the public, policy makers and industry that will complement the conventional routes for dissemination to the scientific community. All the researchers will engage communication and engagement activities. We will be supported by Heriot-Watt Engage that promotes, stimulates and supports public engagement activities to create and exchange knowledge for the benefit of society.

Our dissemination activities will include publications in high impact journals and open access publications, as well as active participation in national and international conferences publication of project outputs in relevant trade journals. A dedicated web site will be established to promote broader understanding of the project and disseminate. We will also deliver a variety of public engagement activities, with face-to-face engagement including festivals, schools programmes, lectures and policyholder briefings. We will use a Digital Curation Centre Platform for management of research data and dissemination.
 
Description Mapping of industrial CO2 sources and waste heat; identification of LDHs mos suitable for the identified cprocess conditions; 3D printing of microbeds
Exploitation Route No
Sectors Energy

 
Description ERC-ADG-2015 - ERC Advanced Grant
Amount € 2,811,000 (EUR)
Funding ID 695070 
Organisation European Research Council (ERC) 
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 09/2016 
End 08/2021
 
Description Energy CCS, Innovate UK
Amount £70,000 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/P018955/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2016 
End 09/2017
 
Description Newton Fund- Science and Innovation Bridge Malaysia UK
Amount £319,000 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/P015379/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 11/2016 
End 05/2019
 
Description 2017 Dean's Forum, Women in Science and Engineering 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact 2017 Dean's Forum, Women in Science and Engineering, 31st August - 1st September 2017, Paris. Further follow ups on the research areas and general topics covered.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Engineering Theme Regional Workshops-EPSRC 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Participation at the EPSRC Engineering Theme two day Regional Workshops (May 2017) to engage with a cross-section of the Engineering community and related areas to share EPSRC's strategy for the Delivery Plan 2016-17/2019-20 and discussed its implementation in the context of the Engineering Theme's strategy. By participating in the workshops, attendees has the opportunity to provide input and feedback on Engineering's contributions to the EPSRC's Delivery Plan for 2016-17/2019-20, particularly on key areas including:
• Alignment to the Prosperity Outcomes
• Delivering against the three EPSRC strategies: Accelerating Impact, Balancing Capability, Building Leadership
• Solutions for Equality and Diversity challenges
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Event 10th anniversary RCCS 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Event 10th anniversary RCCS; May 2018
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Industrial Strategy Challenge Fund 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Supporters
Results and Impact Participated in EPSRC/Innovate consultation on Industrial Strategy Challenge Fund, January 2017, London
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Invited presentation workshop PostDoc Forum 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Interdisciplinary Research: Developing our Strategy; Invited presentation at Heriot-Watt Postdoc Forum, 23rd March 2018
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Invited presentation- Lyell Connect event 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Interdisciplinary Research Connectivity; Lyell Centre Research Connect Event; 26th January 2018
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Invited presentation- Monash Univ 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact 'Chemical and engineering solutions for CO2 conversion'; Seminar Monash University; 24th October 2018
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Invited presentation-Scottish Crucible 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited presentation and panel 'Grand Challenges' ; Scottish Crucible
Grand Challenges and Impact Session; 23rd November 2018
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description KTN Chemistry and Industry Biotechnology Showcase 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact KTN Chemistry and Industry Biotechnology Showcase, Invited talk, Keynote presentation,Low carbon jet fuel through integration of novel technologies for co-valorisation of CO2 and biomass, 21st September 2017
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Mission Innovation Carbon Capture, Utilization and Storage Experts' Workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Dr S Garcia invited to the Mission Innovation Carbon Capture, Utilization and Storage Experts' Workshop held September 26-28, 2017 in Houston (Texas). The goal of the Carbon Capture Innovation Challenge is to identify and prioritize research directions that will lead to breakthrough technologies. This workshop covered three major themes centered on carbon capture, storage, and utilization. The workshop focused on identifying breakthrough low technology readiness level (TRL) research directions that are needed to achieve long-term technologies for CCUS.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Newsletter 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Several updates for this project have been advertised via the "PIG Monthly" newsletter run by the Process Intensification Group at Newcastle University. This newsletter is released every two months and is read by approximately 300 academic and industrial members of the Process Intensification Network (PIN).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017,2018
 
Description Poster at conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact • "Molecular simulation of CO2 capture on hydrotalcites as solid adsorbents"
Author: Phebe Linette Bonilla Prado (The University of Sheffield)
Poster for the UKCCS Research Centre conference 11-12th of September 2018 at Sheffield University
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Poster presentation at conference GHGT14 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact C. Pevida, G.V. Manohara, M. Mercedes Maroto-Valer, S. Garcia, "Mg/Ca- clay composite solid sorbents for CO2 capture from industrial sources" GHGT14, Melbourne, Australia, 21-26th October 2018
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Poster presentation at conference GHGT14 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Li Anne Cheah, G. V. Manohara, M. Mercedes Maroto-Valer, Susana Garcia, "Layered Double Hydroxides: A systematic approach to investigate the effect of Mg: Al Ratio on CO2 Capture" GHGT14, Melbourne, Australia, 21-26th October 2018.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Poster presentation at conference- GHGT14 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact G. V. Manohara, M. Mercedes Maroto-Valer, Susana Garcia, "Synthesis of novel organic-inorganic hybrid materials for high temperature CO2 capture from industrial sources" GHGT14, Melbourne, Australia, 21-26th October 2018.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Presentation at conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact McDonough, J.R., Law, R., Reay, D.A., Zivkovic, V. Flow regime mapping of small-scale gas-solid fluidized beds. Presented at the 6th Micro and Nano Flows Conference, Atlanta, Georgia, USA, 9-12 September 2018; http://mnf2018.me.gatech.edu/
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Presentation at conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Molecular simulation of CO2 capture on hydrotalcites as solid adsorbents"
Author: Phebe Linette Bonilla Prado (The University of Sheffield)
Early Career Researcher Webinar for the UKCCS Research Centre on the 4th of September 2018 at Herriot-Watt
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Presentation at conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Law, R., McDonough, J., Reay, D., Zivkovic, V. Intensified Carbon Capture using Adsorption: Heat Transfer Challenges and Potential Solutions. Presented at the UK National Heat Transfer Conference, Brunel University, London, 4-5 September 2017; www.ukhtc2017.com
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Presentation at conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Molecular Modelling and Simulation of CO2 Adsorption onto Hydrotalcite-like Compounds at High Temperature
Authors: Mathew Aneke and Meihong Wang (The University of Sheffield)
Conference proceedings at the 14th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies, GHGT-14, Melbourne, Australia
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Presentation to School 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact • "Capturing CO2" at Forge Valley School to Y11 pupils on the 8th of March 2018
Author: Phebe Linette Bonilla Prado
Talk to promote CCUS technologies as part of outreach activities for the Grantham Centre for Sustainable Futures.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Presentation to School 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact • Molecular simulation of CO2 capture on hydrotalcites as solid adsorbents
Author: Phebe Linette Bonilla Prado (The University of Sheffield)
Poster for the Grantham Centre for Sustainable Futures symposium on the 26th of October 2019 at Sheffield University
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Research Centre for Carbon Solutions (RCCS) Newsletter 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact RCCS Newsletter summarising activites for 2018
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Seminar 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact McDonough, J.R., Law, R., Reay, D.A., Zivkovic, V. Intensified carbon capture using adsorption: Hydrodynamics mapping of small-scale fluidized beds. Short talk presented at the Process Intensification Group weekly meeting, Newcastle University, UK, Friday 2nd March 2018
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Talk to general public 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact • "Capturing CO2 with the computer" at El Realengo at Puebla, Puebla, Mexico.
Author: Phebe Linette Bonilla Prado
Talk to general public as part of "Scientific Coffee" events.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Talk to general public- Exploration Weekend 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Saving the planet: Carbon neutral energy; Heriot-Watt Exploration Weekend; 19th May 2019
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description University Applicants Visit Days 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact 4 Applicant Visit Days (AVD) per year, taking place normally in March-April time. For each AVD, we host two visits to the lab with approximately 15-20 people per visit. Groups of last year High School pupils (plus family members) with an offer to enrol in one of our Chemical Engineering BEng and MEng programmes visit the RCCS labs every year during the Applicant Visit Days, scheduled across March-April time. In total, 8 visits to RCCS labs take place per year with 15-20 applicants per visit, i.e., a total of 120-160 students per year. The purpose of the visits is to communicate our research and showcase our research facilities so Carbon Capture, Utilisation and Storage technologies are more widely understood within the general public. The pupils are challenged with questions and engaged in discussions to understand the technology. Feedback from the visits has been always very positive, with further interest in our research activities and undergrad programmes.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015,2016,2017,2018