The UK Programmable Fixed and Mobile Internet Infrastructure (INITIATE)

Lead Research Organisation: University of Bristol
Department Name: Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Abstract

Understanding the behaviour of the Internet with its inherent complexity and scale is essential when designing new Internet systems and applications. Simulation, emulation, and test-bed experiments are important techniques for investigating large-scale complex Internet systems. It is now widely recognised that classical theoretical/simulation scalability studies for Internet research are unreliable without relevant and representative supporting experimental evidence. This is increasingly important with the emergence of 5G, cloud services and IoT, which lead to at least 2 orders increase in connection capacity requirements and 3 orders of additional devices that require Internet connectivity.
Great progress has been made in the UK over the years on the development of communications laboratories infrastructure in ICT domains such as optical & wireless, signal processing, networks and distributed systems, where the UK is internationally leading. However, UK telecommunications research remains largely segregated in independent optical, wireless or computer network research labs, so researchers very rarely have the opportunity to experiment across the boundaries between these disciplines. Due to the limitations of performing research in discipline-specific facilities, the current UK ICT research output does not address realistic end-to-end Internet systems

INITIATE will create a new, specialist distributed test-bed to facilitate the increasingly large and complex experimentation required for future Internet research. This will be achieved by interconnecting operational, state-of-the-art operational laboratories at the Universities of Bristol, Lancaster (UoLan), Edinburgh (UoEd) and Kings College London (KCL). These laboratories will contribute many key capabilities for Internet research including optical networks, wireless/RF communications, the Internet of Things (IoT), Software Defined Networking (SDN), Network Function Virtualisation (NFV) and cloud computing.

Therefore INITIATE will offer the combined capability to the UK Internet research and innovation communities as a single distributed test-bed able to support the increasingly complex experimentation required for future Internet research. For example, INITIATE will enable for the first time experimentally driven research addressing the integration of multi-domain and multi-technology 5G and IoT access platforms with high-speed optical transport and investigate full system optimization strategies. Uniquely, INITIATE will also be able to integrate end-users as part of the experimental process and support user driven scenarios such as mobile edge computing, data visualization and autonomous mobility.
The applicants have an outstanding worldwide reputation for creating, maintaining and operating research test-beds. They have repeatedly enabled remote access to their laboratories for experimenters and they have worked in multiple initiatives involving interconnection of research test-beds either locally, across the consortium partners or at a regional, national and international scale. Examples are: Bristol Is Open (UoB), TOUCAN (EPSRC involving UoB, UoEd, UoLan), NDFIS (UoB, UCL, SOTON, Cambridge), wireless mesh networks for rural communities (UoLan) and the Ofcom whitespace trial environment (KCL), among others. Internationally, the partners have been involved in numerous Future Internet infrastructure projects such as OFELIA & Fed4FIRE (EU FIRE), FIBRE & FUTEBOL (EU-Brazil), STRAUSS (EU-Japan) and GEANT, where they have delivered test-bed infrastructure, developed experimental control and federation tools and supported user experiments.

INITIATE will create an environment for delivering excellence in Internet research, educational and industrial innovation and cross-discipline interaction through experimentally driven national collaboration. The project will also support academia as well as industry and SMEs and will deliver a sustainable engagement model.

Planned Impact

INITIATE will support a wide academic and industrial and SME user base to research and innovate in key future Internet areas: communications, computing, distributed ICT systems, IoT, cloud computing/infrastructure, data science, software engineering, intelligent systems and smart cities. All these areas are recognised as key contributors to local, national and international wealth creation and are essential to the UK economy.

The test-bed will create an open environment for research, education, industrial innovation and cross-discipline interaction through experimentally driven collaboration. INITIATE will be an ecosystem for system driven experimentation with new technologies and applications in realistic deployment scenarios, constrains and, when necessary, real end users. This is the first platform of its type within the UK and Europe, and offers never before seen access to such a wide range of experimental resources, specialist technologies, hardware platforms and software controls. For academia, such an opportunity will generate strong evidence for the viability of research and will facilitate the timely translation of fundamental academic research to industry. For industry, such a capability is fundamental for supporting rapid product design, development, demonstration and evaluation in a real world environment.

In order to reach and attract academic users, we will use our strong connections with JISC/JANET, NDFIS, ARCHER and the EPSRC network COMMNET2, to organise and speak at events and inform the wider ICT research community about the experimental platform. Internationally, we will promote INITIATE at events organised by FIRE, GEANT, e-Infrastructure in the EU, the GENI Engineering conferences and Internet2 Global Summit.

Industrial dissemination will also be extensive. We will widely market the opportunities to potential industrial users. This will be done through existing established relationships, presentations at industrial days organized by the partner's presentations at major conferences (i.e. Globecom, ICC, OFC, Supercomputing), trade shows (Data Centre Dynamics, World Mobile Congress) and national workshops (IET, Cambridge Wireless events). SME dissemination will also be facilitated by the Digital Economy Catapult, which will collaborate to deliver on-site and on-line hands-on training courses with specific focus to SMEs.

Publications

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Haas H (2019) Introduction to indoor networking concepts and challenges in LiFi in Journal of Optical Communications and Networking

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Massimo C, Toktam M, Fragkiskos S, Mischa D (2017) Maria L

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Mountaser G (2017) Cloud-RAN in Support of URLLC

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Sardis F (2019) IEEE ComSoc in 5GUK Trials: Distributing a Live Orchestra over 5G

 
Description Significant extensions of the ETSI Open Source MANO solution for enabling end-to-end network orchestration for large scale Internet experimentation.
Exploitation Route The solution will be extensively used in the DCMS 5G Testbeds and Trials Programme
Sectors Digital/Communication/Information Technologies (including Software)

 
Description The SDN exchange proposed by INITIATE has been adopted by the DCMS 5GUK Testbeds and Trials programme as a key architectural element for distributed 5G experimentation across the UK. It has been named a National Asset and demonstrated in public during the Mobile World Congress in March'18
First Year Of Impact 2017
Sector Digital/Communication/Information Technologies (including Software)
Impact Types Societal,Economic

 
Description (EASY-RES) - Enable Ancillary Services bY Renewable Energy Sources
Amount € 4,562,357 (EUR)
Funding ID 764090 
Organisation European Commission 
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 03/2018 
End 06/2021
 
Description (PriMO-5G) - Virtual Presence in Moving Objects through 5G
Amount € 2,000,000 (EUR)
Funding ID 815191 
Organisation European Commission 
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 07/2018 
End 06/2021
 
Description 5G Enabled Manufacturing
Amount £8,265,570 (GBP)
Organisation Department for Digital, Culture, Media & Sport 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 03/2020 
End 03/2022
 
Description 5G RuralFirst: Rural Coverage and Dynamic Spectrum Access Testbed and Trial
Amount £196,763 (GBP)
Organisation Department for Digital, Culture, Media & Sport 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 06/2018 
End 05/2019
 
Description 5G UK Test-bed
Amount £16,000,000 (GBP)
Organisation Department for Digital, Culture, Media & Sport 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 06/2017 
End 03/2018
 
Description Connected Communities in the Rural Economy (CoCoRE)
Amount £10,937,973 (GBP)
Organisation Department for Digital, Culture, Media & Sport 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 02/2020 
End 03/2022
 
Description National Dark Fibre Facility
Amount £4,900,552 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/S028854/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 03/2019 
End 05/2024
 
Description Code contribution to ETSI Open Source MANO 
Organisation ETSI
Country France 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Code contribution to ETSI Open Source MANO by creating a new improved Wide Area Network Infrastructure Manager (WIM) using the INITIATE's 5GUK exchange expertise. The feature has been approved and released with OSM R5.
Collaborator Contribution Code contribution to ETSI Open Source MANO by creating a new improved Wide Area Network Infrastructure Manager (WIM) using the INITIATE's 5GUK exchange expertise. The feature has been approved and released with OSM R5.
Impact N/K
Start Year 2019
 
Description ETSI OSM PoC - Orchestrating the Orchestra 
Organisation ETSI
Country France 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution With the emergence of low latency, high bandwidth 5G networks, new use cases for the internet are being realised. Applications like remote surgery, cloud-assisted AR/VR require a reliable, low latency and high bandwidth network. The applications require faster deployment and sometimes need to communicate over long distances as well. OSM allows rapid deployment of virtualized services over the infrastructure which enables developers to create new experiences and technical showcases. In current networks, service introduction can take weeks or months, but virtualization can reduce this to hours or days. With end-to-end vision of 5G networks, the dynamic orchestration is required over multiple network domains as well. OSM brings in the capability to deploy the Network Services across datacentres using its latest WIM component. Additionally, to complement the capabilities of OSM, multi-domain orchestrator (5GUKExchange [1]) allows the Virtual Network Services to be created and operated across multiple network domains.
Collaborator Contribution University of Bristol, Digital Catapult, King's College London
Impact ETSI OSM PoC - Orchestrating the Orchestra
Start Year 2019
 
Description KCL Collaboration with Konica Minolta 
Organisation Konica Minolta
Country Japan 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution KCL Collaboration with Konica Minolta on soft-edge (software-driven edge computing)
Collaborator Contribution KCL Collaboration with Konica Minolta on soft-edge (software-driven edge computing)
Impact N/K
Start Year 2019
 
Description KCL collaboration with BT on fixed and mobile network convergence 
Organisation BT Group
Department BT Research
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution KCL collaboration with BT on fixed and mobile network convergence, 3GPP standard or in two magazine papers and one book chapter
Collaborator Contribution KCL collaboration with BT on fixed and mobile network convergence, 3GPP standard or in two magazine papers and one book chapter
Impact 3GPP standard or in two magazine papers and one book chapter
Start Year 2018
 
Description KCL collaboration with BT, Ericsson and Verizon 
Organisation BT Group
Department BT Research
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution KCL collaboration with BT, Ericsson and Verizon on emergency response
Collaborator Contribution KCL collaboration with BT, Ericsson and Verizon on emergency response
Impact N/K
Start Year 2018
 
Description UoL Integration of DPB WIM connector as OSMv7+ Feature Request (with ETSI OSG) 
Organisation ETSI
Country France 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution UoL Integration of DPB WIM connector as OSMv7+ Feature Request (with ETSI OSG)
Collaborator Contribution UoL Integration of DPB WIM connector as OSMv7+ Feature Request (with ETSI OSG)
Impact N/K
Start Year 2019
 
Description UoL collaboration NEC Labs (Europe) 
Organisation NEC Corporation
Department NEC Laboratories Europe GmbH
Country Germany 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution UoL collaboration NEC Labs (Europe)a 1-year research activity and involves initially an internship for Alex Jung.
Collaborator Contribution UoL collaboration NEC Labs (Europe)a 1-year research activity and involves initially an internship for Alex Jung.
Impact N/K
Start Year 2020
 
Description UoL collaboration with Huawei (Network 2030: this is a 2-year ITU-T standardization initiative that started in 2019 
Organisation Huawei Technologies Research and Development UK Ltd
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution UoL collaboration with Huawei (Network 2030: this is a 2-year ITU-T standardization initiative
Collaborator Contribution UoL collaboration with Huawei (Network 2030: this is a 2-year ITU-T standardization initiative
Impact N/K
Start Year 2019
 
Description UoL partnerships with BT Research NG-CDI 
Organisation BT Group
Department BT Research
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Collaborations and partnerships with BT Research (NG-CDI: 5 years from 2018);
Collaborator Contribution UoL Collaborations and partnerships with BT Research (NG-CDI: 5 years from 2018);
Impact N/K
Start Year 2018
 
Description 5G Music Lesson with Jamie Cullum 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact On June 25th 2019, critically acclaimed musician and songwriter Jamie Cullum led the world's first 5G music lesson from his piano at the two thousand year-old Roman Amphitheatre in London, playing live with amateur musicians at Bristol's We the Curious and The Royal Birmingham Conservatoire using 5G technology, on behalf of charity, Music for All. This was the first time INITIATE's academic network was connected to the BT/EE's commercial 5G network.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL http://www.bristol.ac.uk/engineering/research/smart/5g-demonstrations/5g-music-lesson-with-jamie-cul...
 
Description DPB demo, ECOC2019, Dublin 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact DPB demo, video presentations featuring INITIATE technologies: DPB and P4; and discussion of the project technologies with the event attendees
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description H. Haas UoEd, Invited Lecture, "What is the Status of LiFi and What Comes Next?", IIT Madras Shaastra, October 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact H. Haas, Invited Lecture, "What is the Status of LiFi and What Comes Next?", IIT Madras Shaastra, October 2019
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description H. Haas,UoEd, Keynote, IEEE International Symposium on Personal, Indoor and Mobile Radio Communications (PIMRC), 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact IEEE International Symposium on Personal, Indoor and Mobile Radio Communications (PIMRC), "Using Light to Build the Future Wireless Nervous System", Istanbul, Turkey, 8-11 September 2019
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Industrial Engagement Workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Present the INITIATE project to industry with the scope to gather requirements for supporting industrial experimentation
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description KCL - Public & Industry Engagement, MWC 2018, connected drones for emergency response 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Public & Industry Engagement, MWC 2018, connected drones for emergency response
https://www.ericsson.com/en/news/2018/2/case-study-bt-verizon-and-ericsson
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/business-43906846
 
Description KCL - Toktam Mahmoodi - Public & Industry Engagement, MWC 2019, connected ambulance - remote ultrasound 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Public & Industry Engagement, MWC 2019, connected ambulance - remote ultrasound
KCL have demonstrated our work on remote Ultrasound in connected ambulance, during MWC 2019.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.ericsson.com/en/blog/2019/5/evolve-volte-to-enable-real-time-interaction-over-5g-with-im...
 
Description KCL- Public & Industry Engagement, MWC 2017, remote robotic surgery 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Supporters
Results and Impact Public & Industry Engagement, MWC 2017, remote robotic surgery
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.ericsson.com/en/cases/2017/kings-college/kings-healthcare
 
Description Orchestrating the Orchestra 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Researchers at the UoB Smart Internet Lab, KCL and Digital Catapult have been working on the creation of a novel and intelligent technology platform which enables automated composition of services across multiple 5G domains. This breakthrough solution, called a Network Orchestrator, will allow mobile operators (i.e. EE, Vodafone, Three etc) to provide highly synchronized and low latency services across their networks. This showcase tested, for the first time, the performance of the Orchestrator through the delivery of music performed by remotely located musicians. The audience's experience was exactly the same as if the musicians were performing in the same venue.? The sites were connected using the 10Gbps JANET link with an average network latency of 5ms across sites.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL http://www.bristol.ac.uk/engineering/research/smart/5g-demonstrations/orchestrating-the-orchestra/
 
Description UoEd H. Haas, Keynote, European Photonics Industry Consortium (EPIC) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact H. Haas, Keynote, European Photonics Industry Consortium (EPIC), Annual General Meeting, "LiFi - Wireless Networking using Light", Glasgow (UK), 12 April 2019, EPIC (European Photonics Industry Consortium) Glasgow, UK
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description UoL Presentation of DPB, WIM connector and CDN scaling use case 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Presentation of DPB, WIM connector and CDN scaling use case, OSM Hackfest 7, Patras, Sep. 2019
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description UoL- OSM PoC 9 Open WAN control for multi-site service orchestration 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact NFV-MANO standards for network service orchestration de?ne an architecture and a data model that allows an orchestration entity to deploy, dynamically con?gure and monitor virtual and physical network functions across virtualized datacenters. Although the model offers extensive details for network function management and host level network con?guration, end-to-end connectivity management beyond the datacenter remains limited. The responsibility for cross-site connectivity is delegated to a control abstraction, the WAN Infrastructure Manager (WIM), which is partially de?ned in those standards. This PoC builds on the Open Source MANO (OSM) WIM plug-in model to orchestrate an open-source multi-point WIM implementation allowing researchers to experiment with multi-site service deployments. Indeed, this PoC features the Data Plane Broker (DPB), which uses an extensive data model to seamlessly translate NFV MANO requirements into SDN con?guration, supporting point-to-point and multipoint connectivity with strong bandwidth guarantees. A new WIM connector has been implemented to adapt DPB to OSM Release SIX. Initial experiments highlight that path computation can scale to large network topologies and a large number of services, with negligible computational overheads, while DPB increases by less than 10% the overall deployment delay of an OSM service.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019