Closed-Loop Data Science for Complex, Computationally- and Data-Intensive Analytics

Lead Research Organisation: University of Glasgow
Department Name: School of Computing Science

Abstract

Progress in sensing, computational power, storage and analytic tools has given us access to enormous amounts of complex data, which can inform us of better ways to manage our cities, run our companies or develop new medicines. However, the 'elephant in the room' is that when we act on that data we change the world, potentially invalidating the older data. Similarly, when monitoring living cities or companies, we are not able to run clean experiments on them - we get data which is affected by the way they are run today, which limits our ability to model these complex systems. We need ways to run ongoing experiments on such complex systems.

We also need to support human interactions with large and complex data sets. In this project we will look at the overlap between the challenge someone faces when coping with all the choices associated with booking a flight for a weekend away, and an expert running complex experiments in a laboratory.

The project will test the core ideas in a number of areas, including personalisation of hearing aids, analysis of cancer data, and adapting the computing resources for a major bank.

Planned Impact

To catalyse a long term culture change and build skills capacity in Data Science, the School is planning to co-locate up to 30 J.P. Morgan staff and the Glasgow Hub of The DataLab in the same building as the academics with an Innovation Hub building in construction. Further data providers are Glasgow Polyomics, the Urban Big Data Centre and Skyscanner. The long term legacy in data science will be achieved through changing practice together with data owners, but also by sharing the tools developed in open-source resources that can be developed by others.

Closed-loop data science is a new, challenging topic which will take time for both researchers and end-users to grasp. This project will be closely integrated with two data-rich companies (J.P. Morgan, Skyscanner) who will ground the research in a real world industrial context, as well as academic institutions from life sciences and urban studies (Glasgow Polyomics, Urban Big Data Centre). We will exploit industrial collaborations via the QuantIC innovation hub and the DataLab Innovation Centre. In each case, this project leverages existing tight-knit links to local teams. The core research topics have applications with multiple end-users (both companies/data providers, as well as their customers), allowing us to test theories in multiple domains, and transfer experience between application areas. For instance, Skyscanner customers will benefit from more effective recommendations and search results that are less biased from closed-loop interactions.

We have embedded staff with end-users (in J.P. Morgan's case they are embedded with us), and there will be separate task groups and meetings on projects with specific data providers. Each post-doc will also act as a liaison point for at least one of the external data providers. 50% of a Grade 7 PDRA will be supported at the academic data providers (UBDC, Polyomics). We will arrange periodic away days for all staff students and end-users to discuss new developments, and look for cross-fertilisation of ideas among application areas and data providers.

A senior RA will support adaptation of research-quality systems to work within the constraints of the target systems of the data providers. To ensure a lasting impact, this RA will ensure the quality of the open-source software made available for immediate use with project partners, and to manage the dissemination to the broader technical community, ensuring its longer-term legacy. Project partners will provide ongoing feedback on compliance with current standards for deployability with their teams. The impact process will be supported by Jill Ramsay, the SoCS Business Development professional, as well as BD staff at the DataLab and QuantIC Hubs.

The UoG is building a £100M interdisciplinary Research & Innovation Hub - a commitment to excellence which will include a Data Science Centre to provide an environment in which researchers involved in the generation, interrogation, analysis and visualisation of large, complex datasets can come together to stimulate new cross-disciplinary collaborative projects. Creating a culture of co-creation is at the heart of the Innovation Hub vision; embedding the Data Science Centre in the hub will enable to fully support and sustain this project and its plans for co-creation well beyond the initial EPSRC funding.
 
Description Quantum Imaging for Monitoring of Wellbeing & Disease in Communities EP/T021020/1
Amount £5,490,693 (GBP)
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 08/2020 
End 07/2025
 
Description Urban Canyon project
Amount £10,000 (GBP)
Organisation Thales Group 
Sector Private
Country France
Start 03/2020 
End 12/2020
 
Title Virtual Mass Spectrometer 
Description A computational method for simulating a mass spectrometer operating in data dependent acquisition mode to assist users in the optimising their own acquisition. 
Type Of Material Computer model/algorithm 
Year Produced 2019 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact None yet 
URL http://github.com/sdrogers/vimms
 
Description Blue bear 
Organisation Blue Bear
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Joint work on human-computer interface for their autonomous drones system
Collaborator Contribution provision of research challenges
Impact none yet
Start Year 2019
 
Description Moodagent 
Organisation Moodagent
Country Denmark 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Joint work on music information retrieval
Collaborator Contribution Sharing access to user interaction data, design requests and expertise on music information retrieval.
Impact no outputs yet
Start Year 2019
 
Description Prof. Juho Rousu 
Organisation Aalto University
Department Department of Computer Science
Country Finland 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Prof. Rousu and I obtained funding from SICSA for him to visit my group in Glasgow for three months in Summer 2019. Prof Rousu is an expert in the analysis of metabolomic data. Collaboration from his visit has two strands: one stemming from the BBSRC project (Combatting...), in which we are working together on new IOKR methods for predicting the products of Biosynthetic Gene Clusters and a second strand stemming from the EPSRC project (Closed-loop...), in which we are building probabilistic models that incorporate retention time into annotation, that could be used in a closed-loop context to prioritise MS acquisition.
Collaborator Contribution Prof Rousu has provided expertise in kernel methods for metabolite ID, and retention time prediction. His group also funded a visit by one of his PGR students (Eric Bach) to my group for several weeks in Summer 2019 (a direct result of Prof. Rousu's visit)
Impact 1 Draft publication awaiting submission
Start Year 2019
 
Description Research Furth with BMW Research Group 
Organisation Bayerische Motoren Werke (BMW)
Country Germany 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution My PhD Student Mrs N Harth is visiting the BMW Research Group, Munich, Germany, in a Research Furth (University of Glasgow) for conducting research in advanced federated learning in vehicle networks.
Collaborator Contribution BMW Research Group is providing knowledge regarding the application requirements and the underlying in-vehicle network infrastructure for building predictive models for recognising drivers' behaviour based on the principles of Federated Learning.
Impact Preliminary in-vehicle predictive modelling and first experimental evaluations on candidate distributed and federated learning statistical models.
Start Year 2019
 
Description Skyscanner 
Organisation Skyscanner
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Joint discussions on collaboration. Exploration of initial datasets and analysis with machine learning tools
Collaborator Contribution Sharing of data, and possible closed-loop application scenarios
Impact none yet
Start Year 2017
 
Description widex A/S 
Organisation Widex A/S
Country Denmark 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Joint sponsorship of Ph.D. student to look at Bayesian Optimisation of subjective experience with hearing aids.
Collaborator Contribution Provision of research challenges, access to data and joint supervision of the student.
Impact none yet
Start Year 2018
 
Description Aegean Airlines 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Conversations with Aegean Airlines about involvement in Closed-loop data science project. Discussions with CEO and COO. Agreement to do some joint research once their Data Science team was more established.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://en.aegeanair.com/
 
Description Computational Interaction Summer School 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Dr John Williamson helped organise and presented at the Computational Interaction Summer school, teaching research students about work related to the Closed-loop interaction project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.dcs.gla.ac.uk/~jhw/computationalinteraction/chi2018/
 
Description Conversations with Google Advanced Engineering team 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Conversations with Google Advanced Engineering team about joint work on their Soli framework.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://atap.google.com/soli/
 
Description Discussions with Huawei 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Discussions with Huawei Finland in both Glasgow and Helsinki about joint research projects.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Discussions with the BBC 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentations and discussions about Closed-loop interaction and possible joint training and research
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018,2019
 
Description Interactions with Thales 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Agreement to participate in a project and for them to fund a Ph.D. studentship
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.thalesgroup.com/en/europe/united-kingdom/about-thales-uk/our-uk-locations/thales-scotlan...
 
Description Meeting with British Telecom 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Meeting with a variety of British Telecom technical leads to discuss Closed-loop interaction and possible collaboration. Joint sponsorship of Ph.D. students discussed
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Naver Labs 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Presentation and discussions with Naver Labs concerning recommender systems (inc. feedback loops) and ideas for future collaborations.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Presentation to British Telecom 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact A delegation of approximately 12 executives from British Telecom Research attended a series of presentations at the School of Computing Science, at which the CLDS project was presented. This resulted in a series of follow-up discussions on future research collaboration.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Presentation to Robert Bosch Digital technologies team 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Presentation to Robert Bosch Digital technologies team making them aware of closed-loop issues in data science.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Scottish Government Data Delivery Group 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Participation by Prof Murray-Smith in the Scottish Government's Data Delivery group, as a member of that group, helping to steer Scottish Government's data strategy. Multiple meetings.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Scottish Government delegation to India 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact As part of a Data Science delegation by Scottish Deputy First Minister John Swinney, we had a variety of meetings with Indian businesses, universities and government departments, including round table discussions at the British High Commission.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://blogs.gov.scot/education/2018/12/03/deputy-first-minister-john-swinney-reflects-on-his-week-...
 
Description Talk to BMW Research Group (DE) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Talk and presentation of the closed-loop activities regarding in-vehicle predictive modelling with Dr. Hans-Jörg Vögel, Manager AI, Robotics, Cognitive Systems of the BMW Research Group for collaboration in overlapping research interests.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Talk to Cisco 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact A delegation from Cisco attended a presentation on the CLDS project, specifically interactive probabilistic modelling and recommender systems topics.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Talk to Huawei Technologies R&D UK 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Talk and presentation of the closed-loop project and potential further funding on bio-inspired analytics methods with the Huawei UK R&D (HIRP Calls).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Talk to NXP 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Talk and presentation to NXP for in-vehicle predictive analytics; the target is potential funding for in-vehicle network analytics.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Talk to UK Cisco CTO Group 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Talk and presentation about in-network intelligent and resilient predictive analytics activities from the closed-loop to Cisco UK CTO Group; the target was potential research collaborations and funding.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Talk to an industrial delegation from Hong Kong fintech sector 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Talk and presentation about the closed-loop project to delegates from 12 HK fintech companies; the target was potential research collaborations and funding.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Talk with an industrial delegation from Zhejiang Provincial Department of Science and Technology 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Talk and presentation about the close-loop project to delegates from 20 companies and industrial labs from Zhejiang, China.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Talks and discussions with Rolls Royce 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Two meetings/seminars with Rolls Royce (local RR R&D and RR HQ) about AI and machine learning in advanced manufacturing. The closed-loop project was presented and several potential research collaborations are being explored (including joint training and research).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019,2020
 
Description Tata Consultancy Services forum 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Presented the Closed-loop Data science concept to a group of about 100 industry professionals as part of the Tata Consultancy Services Forum in Edinburgh.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017,2018
URL https://digitaldirections.com/why-untying-the-data-loop-is-crucial-in-this-age-of-business-4-0/
 
Description Telefonica Barcelona 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Presentations and joint development of research plans for Telefonica's health-related research

Proposal for a jointly funded Ph.D. project from Telefonica
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018