Platform for Nanoscale Advanced Materials Engineering (P-NAME)

Lead Research Organisation: University of Manchester
Department Name: Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Abstract

Most advanced materials are actually composite systems where each part is specifically tailored to provide a particular functionality often via doping. In electronic devices this may be p- or n-type behaviour (the preference to conduct positive of negative charges), in optical devices the ability to emit light at a given wavelength (such as in the infrared for optical fibre communications), or in magnetic materials the ability to store information based on the direction of a magnetic field for example. To enable the realisation of new devices it is essential to increase the density of functionality within a given device volume. Simple miniaturisation (i.e. to fit more devices of the same type but of smaller size) is limited in scope as the nanoscale regime is reached, not only by the well-known emergence of quantum effects, but by the simple capability to control the materials engineering on this scale. Self-assembly methods for example enable the creation of 0D (so called 'quantum dots' or 'artificial atoms'), 1D (wire-like) and 2D (sheet-like) materials with unique properties, but the subsequent control and modification of these is non-trivial and has yet to be demonstrated in many cases.

This research aims to establish a Platform for Nanoscale Advanced Materials Engineering (P-NAME) facility that incorporates a new tool which will provide the capability required to deliver a fundamental change in our ability to design and engineer materials. The principle of the technique that we will adapt, is that which revolutionised the micro-electronics industry in the 20th century (ion-doping) but applied on the nanoscale for the first time. Furthermore, the P-NAME tool will be compatible with a scalable technology platform and therefore compatible with its use in high-tech device manufacture. Without this capability the production of increasingly complex materials offering enhance functionality at lower-power consumption will be difficult to achieve.

The P-NAME facility will be established within a new UK National Laboratory for Advanced Materials (the Henry Royce Institute) at the University of Manchester. Access to the tool will be made available to UK academics and industry undertaking research into advanced functional materials and devices development.

Planned Impact

All devices rely upon materials providing a given functionality or set of functionalities. As we demand more from our existing technologies and seek to develop new ones we are therefore required to return to their fundamental material components to deliver this. As a direct result advanced materials research is fundamental to not only to those doing the research and development to also leads to direct benefit for technology end users. This might be in the provision of improved and new sensors for health monitoring and security; for the storage of locally generated energy or more efficient transmission and use of energy stored elsewhere; for faster processing of data and increase storage capability; or in the development of technologies that will yield yet discovered opportunities (e.g. quantum computing).

The P-NAME facility and tool will provide a new method of enabling and studying the development of new functionality within existing materials and also supporting the development of new materials for future exploitation in devices. Research programmes studying those examples described above are underway within the UK, and those leading them have been involved in the development of the P-NAME tool specification. The same is true for many other areas of research, including those based overseas. As such both they and the eventual end users of the technology delivered will benefit.

The P-NAME facility will be operated within a national laboratory (the Henry Royce Institute, HRI) and through this will be available to all UK researchers in both academia and industry. It will challenge researchers to rethink how some aspects of materials development and discovery is undertaken as it offers access to material doping opportunities previously unavailable, and removes barriers that existing solutions have not been able to overcome. As new materials and functionality is enabled by P-NAME those developing it will be supported, by the HRI and University of Manchester, in the pathway from discovery through to exploitation. This will include engagement and access to other expertise and to potential users, the protection and exploitation of intellectual property, and the dissemination of information.

The provision of P-NAME within the UK as the first instrument to deliver the capability proposed will offer a unique opportunity to UK advanced materials (and related technologies) researchers to benefit, and attract a critical mass of expertise such that it supports on going UK leadership in this area.

Publications

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Cassidy N (2020) Single Ion Implantation of Bismuth in physica status solidi (a)

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Murdin B (2021) Error Rates in Deterministic Ion Implantation for Qubit Arrays in physica status solidi (b)

 
Description This tool was commissioned in December 2019 and is now undergoing capability development trials. A number of advanced materials research areas have been identified as suitable for application using the tool and form the basis of a national activity funded by an EPSRC Programme Grant embedded within the Henry Royce Institute's Atoms to Device Theme called 'Nanoscale Advanced Materials Engineering'.
Exploitation Route Access to the facility is open to UK academia and industry through the Henry Royce Institute. It is now utilised by a number of internal and external research programmes.
Sectors Digital/Communication/Information Technologies (including Software),Electronics,Energy,Manufacturing, including Industrial Biotechology,Other

URL https://www.royce.ac.uk/equipment-and-facilities/p-name/
 
Description The tool has been established within the Henry Royce Institute as a national resource open to UK researchers in academia and industry. Initial work has led to potential IP being generated. The tool developed during this work has now been commercialised by the supplier (Ionoptika) as the Q-One and is listed on their product line. The tool has also formed the centre of an outreach activity (e.g. at New Scientist Live 2022) that educated the public about the science behind the tool and the engineering it enables.
First Year Of Impact 2021
Sector Digital/Communication/Information Technologies (including Software),Education,Electronics,Manufacturing, including Industrial Biotechology
Impact Types Economic

 
Description Materials for the Energy Transition Roadmap
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
URL https://www.royce.ac.uk/materials-for-the-energy-transition/
 
Description Advanced Functional Materials Triage Suite
Amount £602,602 (GBP)
Organisation Henry Royce Institute 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 03/2019 
End 04/2020
 
Description Atomic qubits by ion implantation: towards very large-scale quantum devices
Amount £108,040 (GBP)
Funding ID RSWVF\211016 
Organisation The Royal Society 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United Kingdom
Start 06/2021 
End 07/2023
 
Description Magnetically-Doped Nitride Nanocrystals for Quantum Technologies
Amount £9,942 (GBP)
Organisation Manchester University 
Sector Academic/University
Country United States
Start 03/2019 
End 03/2020
 
Description Nanoscale Advanced Materials Engineering
Amount £7,671,801 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/V001914/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 03/2021 
End 03/2026
 
Description Nanoscale quantum doping: Towards Qubit Engineering on Demand
Amount £9,605 (GBP)
Organisation Manchester University 
Sector Academic/University
Country United States
Start 08/2019 
End 08/2020
 
Description Quantum measurement of donors in near-surface ion implanted devices
Amount $300,197 (AUD)
Organisation University of Melbourne 
Sector Academic/University
Country Australia
Start 03/2020 
End 04/2024
 
Description Synthesis of enriched silicon for long-lived donor quantum states
Amount $513,395 (AUD)
Funding ID ARC DP220103467 
Organisation Australian Research Council 
Sector Public
Country Australia
Start 01/2022 
End 12/2024
 
Description University of Manchester and University of Melbourne Joint PhD Studentship
Amount £140,000 (GBP)
Organisation University of Manchester 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 08/2021 
End 03/2025
 
Description DJ Melbourne 
Organisation University of Melbourne
Country Australia 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Collaboration on research relating to impurity ions in solid-state materials for quantum technologies. Research exchange visits and access to facilities.
Collaborator Contribution Collaboration on research relating to impurity ions in solid-state materials for quantum technologies. Research exchange visits and access to facilities.
Impact Collaborative research proposals developed for funding. Dual-award University of Manchester and University of Melbourne PhD studentship secured. Royal Society Wolfson International Fellowship secured for Prof. Jamieson to spend extended visits to the UK in 2022/23.
Start Year 2019
 
Description HR Toronto 
Organisation University of Toronto
Country Canada 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Awarding of Mitacs travel scholarship to enable PhD student placement at UoT.
Collaborator Contribution Provision of resources to host incoming Mitacs placement of PhD student from UoM.
Impact Collaboration just started. Discipline area: nanotechnology, spintronics, advanced functional materials.
Start Year 2019
 
Description Ionoptika (P-NAME) 
Organisation Ionoptika
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Development of enhanced tool for ion-doping and funding through RCUK and Institutional sources. Development of new alloy materials and sources for use in doping technologies.
Collaborator Contribution Commercialisation of enhanced tool for ion-doping and new ion sources.
Impact Commercial tool now developed (Q-One) by UK SME. New software for ion control developed. New ion sources developed. Interdisciplinary: metallurgy, physics, engineering
Start Year 2017
 
Description NK Toronto 
Organisation University of Toronto
Department Electrical & Computer Engineering
Country Canada 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Discussions and agreement of materials research challenges for collaborative research. Making available required photonic characterisation capability to undertake proposed work. Work undertaken as a result has been the subject of an invention disclosure at the University of Toronto.
Collaborator Contribution Discussions and agreement of materials research challenges for collaborative research. Making available required materials development capability to undertake proposed work. Work undertaken as a result has been the subject of an invention disclosure at the University of Toronto.
Impact Institution to Institution level strategic collaboration agreement agreed between University of Manchester and Toronto. Intended collaboration is multidisciplinary and covers Bioelectronics and Quantum Technologies. Work undertaken as a result has been the subject of an invention disclosure at the University of Toronto.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Presentation on Capability to UK FIB & Prep Group 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation to the UK FIB & Prep Group on the P-NAME tool covering specifications, performance and routes to accessing facility. Undertaken via Zoom.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.fibemp.com/fib-prep-2020
 
Description Atoms to Devices Engagement event 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Community engagement event for Atoms to Devices Theme of Royce held at Leeds.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Defence workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Briefing to representatives of the UK/US defence community.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Opening of P-NAME Facility 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Opening event at University of Manchester for P-NAME tool funded by EPSRC/Royce/UoM.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.royce.ac.uk/equipment-and-facilities/p-name/