An examination of the impact of family socio-economic status on outcomes in late childhood and adolescence.

Lead Research Organisation: University of Bristol
Department Name: Economics

Abstract

Abstracts are not currently available in GtR for all funded research. This is normally because the abstract was not required at the time of proposal submission, but may be because it included sensitive information such as personal details.

Publications

10 25 50
 
Description Advanced Quantitative Methods in Health and Social Science and Health 
Organisation University of Bristol
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Fiona Steele is co-ordinating the ?Advanced Quantitative Methods in Health and Social Science and Health? +3 pathway in the new South West Doctoral Training Centre. This pathway arose from collaborations established on IFSOCCA and has attracted 4 quantitative methods studentships per year. Clarke, Steele, Tilling and Windmeijer (all from the Methods strand) will all be module leaders.
 
Description Funding for higher education 
Organisation Russell Group
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Advice to Russell Group on funding for HE
Start Year 2010
 
Description Social mobility 
Organisation Research Councils UK (RCUK)
Department Ministry for Universities and Skills
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution January 2010 Meeting with Ministry for Universities and Skills to discuss social mobility.
Start Year 2010
 
Description Social mobility - challenges for policy makers 
Organisation All-Party Group on Social Science and Policy
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Consultancy for All Party Group for Social Science and Policy
Start Year 2011
 
Description Social mobilty 
Organisation Princes Trust
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Advised the Princes Trust, who are organising a Parliamentary series of briefings on Social mobility. 15-Jun-11. http://www.princes-trust.org.uk/integration/policy_newsflash/social_mobility.aspx
Start Year 2011
 
Description The impact of cutting expenditure on schools 
Organisation Audit Commission
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Meeting with Nico Jabin of the Audit Commission on 14 January 2011 to talk about the impact of cutting expenditure on schools.
Start Year 2011
 
Description Youth unemployment 
Organisation Association of Chief Executives of Voluntary Organisations (ACEVO)
Department Commission on Youth Unemployment
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Consultancy for the Commission on Youth Unemployment launched by David Milliband
Start Year 2012
 
Description 'Growing up in New Zealand' national birth cohort study, Auckland 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Inaugural address for the official launch of study.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description 'Impact of family socio-economic status on outcomes in childhood and adolescence' research agenda 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Presentation made to Stephen Williams MP on the research agenda of the 'Impact of family socio-economic status on outcomes in childhood and adolescence' (IFSSOCA) project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
 
Description ALSPAC data and mothers 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Presentation to Public Health Group, Colombia University, New York
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2009
 
Description Alcohol use and conduct disorders and plans for future research in ALSPAC 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact 'Alcohol use and problems in ALSPAC' Workshop, Bristol.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
 
Description Alcohol use in adolescence : harms and advice 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Presented at Institute of Health and Social Care, University of Cardiff: 31 Jan 2012
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
 
Description Antenatal prediction of poor maternal and child outcomes : implications for selection into intensive parenting support programs 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Research and Evaluation Unit Seminar Series, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, 27 April 2012.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
 
Description Binary mediation 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact ICLS Seminar, University College London, 19 January 2011
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
 
Description Character and Resilience Summit 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact All Party Parliamentary Group on Social Mobility, "Character and Resilience Summit", Admiralty House. Contributed to policy discussion with MPs and other stakeholders.

Section not completed
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Child height, health and human capital : evidence using genetic markers 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact University of York internal seminar
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
 
Description Child height, health and human capital : evidence using genetic markers 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Part of University of Bradford Division of Economics Seminar Series
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
 
Description Child height, health and human capital : evidence using genetic markers 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Paper at London Health Economics Group Meeting
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
 
Description Childhood mental health problems and youth educational attainment in the UK 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Professor Washbrook of Bristol University presented this CPRC special brown bag seminar.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
URL http://cupop.columbia.edu/cprc-brown-bag-seminar-november-11
 
Description Consequences of family disruption on children's educational outcomes in Norway 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Part of Bocconi University Carlo F. Dondena Centre for Research on Social Dynamics seminar series
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
 
Description Data linkage / markers 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Seminar given as part of a series within 'Impact of family socio-economic status on outcomes in childhood & adolescence' (IFSSOCA) at the University of Bristol
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
URL http://www.bristol.ac.uk/ifssoca/outputs/seminars.html
 
Description Determinants of childhood growth and adiposity 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Invited seminar Federal University of Pelotas, Brazil
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
 
Description Disability payments 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact BBC Radio 4 - More or Less on 12/08/2011.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description Does tracking make a difference? : a multination study of socio-economic inequality in high school choices 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Presented at 6th PATHWAYS Workshop, University of Michigan
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
 
Description Does when you are born matter? 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact ESRC Festival of Social Science
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
 
Description Early Years Action Group 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Participants in your research or patient groups
Results and Impact Discussions with Frank Field for his Early Years Action Group

Section not completed
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Early years child development and social mobility 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Social Mobility has become a major political discussion point in recent years, here Professor Jane Waldfogel from Columbia University, New York, a leading expert on early years child development, discuss the importance of the early years of childhood for life chances and the evidence that policy intervention can make a difference to poor children's development.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2008
URL http://www.bristol.ac.uk/cmpo/audio/jane.html
 
Description Early, late or never : when does parental education impact child outcomes? 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Presented Seminar 2 at NIESR Employment Seminar Series. 04-Oct-11
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
 
Description Early, late or never? : when does parental education impact child outcomes? 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact We study the intergenerational effects of parents_ education on their children_s educational outcomes.

The endogeneity of parental education is addressed by exploiting the shock to education levels

induced by the 1972 Raising of the School Leaving Age (RoSLA) in England and Wales. Using data

from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children - a rich cohort dataset of children born in

the early 1990s in Avon, England - allows us to examine the timing of impacts throughout the child_s

life, from pre-school assessments through the school years to the final exams at the end of the

compulsory schooling period. We find that increasing parental education has a positive causal effect

on children_s outcomes that is evident at age 5 and continues to be visible up to and including the high

stakes exams taken at age 16. Children of parents affected by the reform gain results approximately

0.1 standard deviations higher than those whose parents were not impacted. Focusing on the lower

educated parents where we would expect there to be more of an impact, the effect is indeed larger:

children of these parents gaining results approximately 0.2 standard deviations higher.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
 
Description Early, late or never? : when does parental education impact child outcomes? 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Presented at Centre for Employment Research, University of Westminster
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Early, late or never? : when does parental education impact child outcomes? 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact We study the intergenerational effects of parents' education on their children's educational outcomes. The endogeneity of parental education is addressed by exploiting the shock to education levels induced by the 1972 Raising of the School Leaving Age (RoSLA) in England and Wales. Using data from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children - a rich cohort dataset of children born in the early 1990s in Avon, England - allows us to examine the timing of impacts throughout the child's life, from pre-school assessments through the school years to the final exams at the end of the compulsory schooling period. We find that increasing parental education has a positive causal effect on children's outcomes that is evident at age 5 and continues to be visible up to and including the high stakes exams taken at age 16. Children of parents affected by the reform gain results approximately 0.1 standard deviations higher than those whose parents were not impacted. Focusing on the lower educated parents where we would expect there to be more of an impact, the effect is indeed larger: children of these parents gaining results approximately 0.2 standard deviations higher.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
 
Description Early, late or never? : when does parental education impact child outcomes? 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Part of CMPO seminar series 01/12/11 in Bristol
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
 
Description Ensuring fair access to the professions : driving social mobility to deliver careers for young people 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Westminster briefing at 10 Downing Street (Westminster briefings are policy-specific events aimed at providing a forum for practitioners, local policymakers and civil servants to debate key issues with leading figures from within Westminster, Whitehall and local government).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
URL http://www.westminster-briefing.com/?page_id=1348
 
Description Epidemiology of substance use : the development of substance misuse 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Presented at a meeting of the Royal Society of Medicine Psychiatry Section
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
 
Description Estimating structural mean models with multiple instruments using generalised method of moments 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Presented at RSS Avon Local Group Meeting, 10 May 2011, University of Bristol
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
 
Description Estimating structural mean models with multiple instruments using generalised method of moments 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact We show how Structural Mean Models (SMM), used for the estimation of causal effects in the presence of confounding, can be estimated by the Generalised Method of Moments (GMM) estimator. It is then straightforward to apply the GMM estimator to additive, multiplicative and logistic SMMs with multivalued and/or multiple instruments using standard software, like Stata and R. The GMM estimator produces efficient projections of the instruments and correct asymptotic inference. The validity of the SMM model assumptions can further be tested using the standard Hansen J-test. We apply the GMM estimator to determine the causal effect of adiposity on hypertension, using the genetic markers FTO and MC4R as instruments for adiposity.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
 
Description Estimation and testing of structural mean models with multiple instruments 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Mental Health Research Network, Methodology Group, Kings College London, 7 Feb 2012
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Estimation problems : evidence synthesis as a potential alternative approach 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Presented at European Monitoring Centre on Drugs and Drug Addiction
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
 
Description Evaluating school effectiveness using large scale administrative data sets 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact The use of quantitative data to evaluate the academic performance of schools is long standing in the UK. In particular,

in England large scale administrative data sets are used systematically to judge the relative performance of primary

and secondary schools. Such data are then used to produce 'league table' information on school effectiveness. Large

scale administrative data is not without its problems and there are a number of problems with school league tables. The

Institute of Education has been conducting a long term study of how administrative data might be best used to judge

school performance and the problems this poses.

Professor Anna Vignoles is a Professor in the Economics of Education at the Institute Of Education and a Deputy Director of

the Centre for the Economics of Education. She has published widely on the importance of mathematics in the labour market

and the value of numeracy and STEM subjects. Anna is a Co-Director of an ESRC National Centre for Research Methods Node,

ADMIN (Administrative Data - Methods, Inference and Network) which is investigating the use of large scale administrative

data in policy research. ADMIN is also developing methodologies to best exploit linkages between survey data and administrative data sets. Her research interests include issues pertaining to equity in education, school choice, school efficiency and

finance and the economic value of schooling.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
 
Description Evidence synthesis and drugs harm 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Drugs Science Strategy and Statistics workshop, London
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
 
Description Family background and child outcomes 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Invited presentation to HM Treasury.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
 
Description Genetic markers as instrumental variables 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Presented at a workshop: 'Showcasing ALSPAC as a resource for social and health researchers'.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
URL http://www.bristol.ac.uk/alspac-social-sciences/workshops
 
Description Genetic markers as instrumental variables : an application to child fat mass and academic achievement 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact First Australasian workshop on econometrics and health economics.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
URL http://www.buseco.monash.edu.au/centres/che/more-seminars.html
 
Description Genetic markers as instrumental variables : an application to child fat mass and academic achievement 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Conference on Empirical Health Economics
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
 
Description Genetic markers as instruments for obesity and hypertension : a GMM approach 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Explanations of risk factors and conditions

such as obesity and hypertension

increasingly combine social, economic and

genetic predictors.

Estimation in such a complex setting throws

up novel challenges, quite separate from

collecting and managing data from such

diverse provenance.

Instrumental variable estimation is found to

be increasingly useful when a limited

number of genetic markers (single

nucleotide polymorphisms) is involved.

Generalised Method of Moments (GMM)

estimation is the next step in attempts to

provide sound explanations when multiple

genetic markers are included.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
 
Description Gestational weight gain in a UK cohort : patterns, risk factors and associations with later mother and offspring health 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Presented at a workshop: 'Showcasing ALSPAC as a resource for social and health researchers'.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
URL http://www.bristol.ac.uk/alspac-social-sciences/workshops/lawlorrss.ppt
 
Description Higher education across anglophone countries 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Presented to The Sutton Trust
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
 
Description How effectively did New Labour address the challenges of social mobility and inequality 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Professor Paul Gregg presented at the 'Progressive dilemmas : New Labour in power' event which was held at Church House, London.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
 
Description Identification and estimation of local treatment effects through IV estimation of binary outcome structural mean models 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Presented at seminar on Mixing econometrics and epidemiology, Imperial College London
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
 
Description Instrumental variable estimation for binary outcomes 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Presented at joint meeting of RSS General Applications and Social Statistics sections 'Causality in statistical investigations'.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
URL http://www.rss.org.uk/rssadmin/uploads/1260695_PC%20RSSpresentation%20upload.pdf
 
Description Instrumental variables estimation in nonlinear models 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Paper at Impact of Family Socio-economic Status on Outcomes in Childhood & Adolescence sminar series
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
 
Description Intergenerational mobility in UK, life chances and the role of inequality and education 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Econometrics Seminar joint with Economic Theory Seminar at Center for Operations Research and Econometrics, Université Catholique de Louvain
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
 
Description Intergenerational mobility in UK, life chances and the role of inequality and education 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Presented to Manchester Statistical Society. 08-Nov-11
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
 
Description Intergenerational mobility in UK, life chances and the role of inequality and education 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Economics Research Seminar Series Semester 1, 2011-12. 24-Nov-11
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
 
Description Is there an income gradient in child mental health : the importance of reporting heterogeneity 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Professor Carol Propper gave the keynote speech at this annual workshop on 'Mental health and wellbeing'.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
URL http://www.economics.unimelb.edu.au/downloads/The%20Mental%20Health%20Workshop%206th%20December%2020...
 
Description Is there an income gradient in child mental health : the importance of reporting heterogeneity 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Professor Carol Propper gave the keynote speech at this annual workshop on 'Mental health and wellbeing'.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
URL http://www.economics.unimelb.edu.au/downloads/The%20Mental%20Health%20Workshop%206th%20December%2020...
 
Description Left-handedness and cognitive development 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Professor Carol Propper discusses work she and colleagues have done investigating whether lefthandedness in children is associated with differential cognitive development.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2009
URL http://www.bristol.ac.uk/cmpo/audio/propperleft.html
 
Description Mendelian randomisation : where did it come from? : what is it? : why is it useful? 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Mendelian randomisation is a method for causal inference in observational studies in which genetic variants reliably associated with the modifiable risk factor of interest are used to assess the causal effect of the risk factor. One of the earliest proponents of this method was M Katan, who in a 1986 letter to the Lancet suggested that if cholesterol levels were truly causally related to increased cancer risk then one would expect associations of genetic variants known to affect cholesterol to be related to cancer risk. With the advent of genome-wide sequencing, the use of Mendelian randomisation studies for causal inference has increased considerably in the last 10 years. The statistical approach for Mendelian randomization studies is an instrumental variables analysis, where the genetic variant is the instrumental variable. In this introductory talk, I will define Mendelian randomisation, illustrate how it relates to instrumental variables analysis and discuss why genetic variants are less likely than other (non-genetic) variables to violate the assumptions of instrumental variables analyses; some examples of how this approach has been used in epidemiology will be presented.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
 
Description Missing data : issues and extensions 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Presented at 'Handling missing data' seminar of the Avon Local Group of the Royal Statistical Society
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
 
Description Multilevel event history analysis 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Feb 2010 - Medical Statistics Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
 
Description Multilevel event history analysis 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Nov 2008 - Center for Research on Inequalities and the Life Course, New Haven, CT.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
 
Description Multiple imputation : handling interactions 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Presented at the Royal Statistical Society (RSS) Medical Section meeting: 'Analysis of partially observed datasets : putting methodology into practice'.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
URL http://missingdata.lshtm.ac.uk/rss2010_03_30.html
 
Description Newsnight 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Draws on work by Macmillan used in the Milburn Report "Unleashing Aspiration. The final report of the Panel for Fair Access to the Professions" (2009) - Newsnight BBC2
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
 
Description Nick Clegg's pupil premium won't fix social mobility 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact The problems that lead to a lack of educational achievement lie in a child's background and environment, not in school funding

The Guardian
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://www.guardian.co.uk/profile/anna-vignoles
 
Description Old school ties : an analysis of homophily in an adolescent friendship network 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Presented by Marcela Umana Aponte at CMPO Seminar
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
 
Description Peer effects in childhood obesity 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact This paper examines the existence of peer effects in child Body Mass Index (BMI), using the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC). We define peer groups as children in the same school-year and of the same gender. We examine the endogeneity of peers in four ways.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
URL http://www3.imperial.ac.uk/newsandeventspggrp/imperialcollege/businessschool/healthcaremanagement/ev...
 
Description Pharmacological treatments for tobacco dependence 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Presented at International Summer School of Neuroscience (2009), Catania, Italy
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
 
Description Pregnancy changes and future risk of cardiovascular disease in mothers and their offspring 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
 
Description Prevalence and clustering of adolescent risk behaviours in the Avon longitudinal study of parents and children 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact DECIPHER Multiple Risk Behaviour symposium, Bristol.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
 
Description Public policies and women's employment after childbearing 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Part of the Applied Economics and Econometrics Centre's seminar series, University of Mannheim.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
URL http://pigorsch.vwl.uni-mannheim.de/2248.0.html
 
Description Reducing child poverty : tips for the U.S. from across the pond 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact This Spotlight audio conference featured two experts on the United Kingdom's successful child poverty reduction efforts, even during the recession. With child poverty on the rise since 2000 in the U.S., these experts provided U.S. poverty advocates with lessons learned after the U.K. government pledged in 1999 to cut child poverty in half by 2010.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description Research evidence in public policy 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Article in MethodNews newsletter from the ESRC National Centre for Research Methods
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
URL http://eprints.ncrm.ac.uk/1771/1/MethodsNews_Spring2011.pdf
 
Description School ties : an analysis of homophily in an adolescent friendship network 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Interviewed on Radio regarding CMPO WP 11/267. 06-Sep-11
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description School ties : an analysis of homophily in an adolescent friendship network 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Interviewed on Radio regarding CMPO WP 11/267
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description Simultaneous estimation of reciprocal parent-child and sibling effects using multilevel modelling 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Royal Statistical Society 1-day meeting, London, 8 Feb
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
 
Description Social mobility and higher education admissions 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Seminar presentation
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
 
Description Social mobility and the professions 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Lindsey MacMillan discusses her paper 'Social Mobility and the Professions', a submission to The Panel for Fair Access to the Professions, with Romesh Vaitilingam, regarding the many changes in mobility across time in the UK
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2009
URL http://www.bristol.ac.uk/cmpo/audio/macmillan.html
 
Description Social mobility and the professions 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Work cited as 'crucial piece of evidence' for reform of internship practices within the professions at Launch of Professions for Good and the Common Best Practice Code for High Quality Internships
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Social science & bad behaviour : the causes, the consequences and the solutions 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Social Science week event
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
 
Description Socioeconomic inequalities in obesity and related disorders in childhood 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Presented at Inequalities in childhood and adolescent health workshop
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
 
Description Socioeconomic postion and the trajectories of growth and adiposity across childhood 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Seminar given as part of a series within 'Impact of family socio-economic status on outcomes in childhood & adolescence' (IFSSOCA) at the University of Bristol
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
URL http://www.bristol.ac.uk/ifssoca/outputs/seminars.html
 
Description Statistical estimation for a randomised controlled trial of dialectical behaviour therapy 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Feb 2012, Mental Health Research Network, Methodology Group, Kings College London.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description The choice between fixed and random effects models : some considerations for educational research 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Department of Quantitative Social Science, IOE seminar series
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
 
Description The choice between fixed and random effects models : some considerations for educational research 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Presented at event titled 'Multilevel modelling: methods and applications', 11 May 2011, Nuffield Foundation, London
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
 
Description The development of SES gradients in skills during the school years : comparing ALSPAC with a US cohort 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact The US and the UK are countries characterized by relatively high levels of income inequality and low levels of social mobility. It is well known that children from disadvantaged families enter formal schooling with substantially lower cognitive and social capabilities than their better-off peers in both countries. However, much less is known about whether the public education system reinforces or narrows these disparities as children grow into adolescence.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
URL http://www.bristol.ac.uk/alspac-social-sciences/workshops
 
Description The development of comparative analyses of children and families in Australia, Canada, the UK and the US 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Presented at Columbia University, New York. 13-Jun-11
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
 
Description The effect of child weight on academic performance : evidence using genetic markers 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Seminar given during the 18th European workshop on econometrics and health economics.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
URL http://www.york.ac.uk/res/herc/documents/ew/Ew18prg.pdf
 
Description The effect of child weight on academic performance : evidence using genetic markers 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Presented at the 18th European workshop on econometrics and health economics.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
URL http://www.york.ac.uk/res/herc/documents/ew/Ew18prg.pdf
 
Description The great divide : fixed vs. random effects in an education context 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact PLASC/NPD Users' Group workshop, Bristol University
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
 
Description The intergenerational transmission of worklessness 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact This workshop was part of an annual summer school (entitled 'Inequality and social change') organised by Harvard Kennedy School of Government and Manchester University as part of the 'Social change : a Harvard - Manchester initiative' (SCHMi).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
URL http://www.hks.harvard.edu/saguaro/manchester/workshop2009/workshop_all.doc
 
Description The intergenerational transmission of worklessness 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Seminar given as part of the Work Pensions and Labour Economics conference 2009 (WPEG2009).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
URL http://wpeg.group.shef.ac.uk/WPEG2009%20programme%20linked.htm
 
Description The intergenerational transmission of worklessness 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Summer workshop on inequality and social change in Britain and the U.S.

Manchester Initiative Summer School
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
URL http://www.hks.harvard.edu/saguaro/manchester/weekone.htm
 
Description The intergenerational transmission of worklessness in the UK 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Presented at CASE-DWP welfare and policy analysis seminar at LSE
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
 
Description The role of schools in determining HE participation 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Presented to Teach First
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
 
Description The socio-economic gradient in teenagers' literacy skills : how does England compare to other countries 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Presented at Institute of Education, University of London
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
 
Description The socio-economic gradient in teenagers' literacy skills : how does England compare to other countries? 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Paper at 'Adolescence in the 21st century - Current debates in Finland and the UK'
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
 
Description The use (and misuse) of statistics in understanding social mobility 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Social mobility has emerged as one of the key academic and political topics in Britain over the last decade. Although economists and sociologists disagree on whether mobility has increased or decreased, and if this is a bigger issue in the UK than other developed countries, both groups recognise that education and skill plays a key role in explaining intergenerational persistence. This has led academics from various disciplines to investigate how rates of cognitive development may vary between children from rich and poor backgrounds.



A number of key studies in this area have reached one particularly striking (and concerning) conclusion that highly able children from disadvantaged homes are overtaken by their rich (but less able) peers before the age of 10 in terms of their cognitive skill. This has become a widely cited "fact" within the academic literature on social mobility and child development, and has had a major influence on public policy and political debate. In this paper, we show that this finding is due to a miss-interpretation of the data, and is largely a spurious statistical artefact caused by regression to the mean. As such, we break with conventional wisdom and the existing literature by suggesting that "bright" children from poor homes do not get overtaken by their rich but less able peers during the early school years.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
 
Description The use (and misuse) of statistics in understanding social mobility : an application to the cognitive development of high ability children from disadvantaged homes 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Paper at Southampton University
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Understanding change and stability in children's development in early and middle childhood 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Part of University of Exeter Graduate School of Education seminar series.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
 
Description Understanding how and why maternal education matters for child outcomes 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Part of Department of Quantitative Social Science seminar series, Institute of Education
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
 
Description University access for socio-economically disadvantaged children : a comparison across Anglo-phone countries 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Paper at International Workshop on Applied Economics of Education
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
 
Description Using the ALSPAC 'Blitz' to assess non-response bias 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Presentation given at Stephenson House, London.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
 
Description Who has special educational needs, and how well do they perform at school? 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact CMPO seminar in Bristol
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
 
Description Young people's understandings of tobacco, alcohol and cannabis 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience
Results and Impact Seminar Series at BIPA University of Bristol. 02-Jun-11
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
 
Description Youth unemployment in Essex 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Essex Radio, 15/02/2012 around 8.50am. Radio Interview regarding Miliband Commission on Youth Unemployment report
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012