Motivated identity construction in cultural context

Lead Research Organisation: University of Sussex
Department Name: Sch of Psychology

Abstract

Abstracts are not currently available in GtR for all funded research. This is normally because the abstract was not required at the time of proposal submission, but may be because it included sensitive information such as personal details.

Organisations

Publications

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Smith PB (2016) Individual and culture-level components of survey response styles: A multi-level analysis using cultural models of selfhood. in International journal of psychology : Journal international de psychologie

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Vignoles VL (2016) Beyond the 'east-west' dichotomy: Global variation in cultural models of selfhood. in Journal of experimental psychology. General

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Becker M (2014) Cultural bases for self-evaluation: seeing oneself positively in different cultural contexts. in Personality & social psychology bulletin

 
Description [From our original End of Award Report:] Beyond basic needs for food, water, affiliation and security, people's thoughts and actions are often guided by symbolic needs. These include identity motives, which predispose people to see themselves in particular ways. Previous research has shown that people in contemporary Western societies are motivated to see themselves positively (the self-esteem motive), as distinguished from others (the distinctiveness motive), persisting through time (the continuity motive), accepted within their social circles (the belonging motive), competent and capable (the efficacy motive), and imbued with meaning and purpose (the meaning motive). However, little was known about the generality of these motives to people in non-Western cultures-the majority of the world's population-and theories were polarized between 'universalist' and 'relativist' positions.

We assembled a new research network spanning 38 nations and conducted two large-scale survey studies measuring the strengths of identity motives, different sources of motive satisfaction, and cultural beliefs and values, among 14,000 participants.

Our findings support a middle way between univeralist and relativist perspectives. Supporting universalism, identity motives show little variation in strength with beliefs, values or practices across diverse cultural groupings. Supporting relativism, ways of satisfying each motive vary across cultural groupings. Thus, a common set of motives underlies the different expressions and outcomes of identity observed across cultures.
Exploitation Route [From our original End of Award Report:] This improved understanding of the interface between culture and identity motives may be especially beneficial to UK practitioners seeking to intervene in a culturally sensitive manner in multicultural domains from psychotherapy to education, health promotion, business management, social cohesion, and international relations.
Sectors Communities and Social Services/Policy,Creative Economy,Education,Healthcare,Leisure Activities, including Sports, Recreation and Tourism,Government, Democracy and Justice,Culture, Heritage, Museums and Collections,Retail,Other

URL https://sites.google.com/site/identitymotives/
 
Description [From our original impact report:] Although the primary aims of the project were to contribute to basic research, we wrote in our original proposal that we believed the research would have a 'human interest' dimension that might be of interest to members of the general public, and that the results might be relevant to practitioners seeking to intervene in a culturally sensitive manner in identity-related domains ranging from psychotherapy to education, health promotion, business management, social cohesion, and international relations. We still believe this to be the case. However, the most relevant outputs for non-academics are likely to be the forthcoming paper on the generality of six identity motives across diverse cultural systems, and the yet-to-be-published paper on cultural diversity in self-construals. Both of these papers in different ways will challenge popular stereotypical thinking about culture. The identity motives paper will show that, beneath superficial differences, there is more commonality in underlying motives than might at first appear between members of very different cultural groups. The self-construals paper will challenge the popular "East-West" dichotomy that dominates much popular and academic discourse about cultural differences, in particular showing the presence of meaningful and predictable cultural differences between clusters of nations that are more commonly lumped together under the dismissive label of "non-Western". Thus, although the research has not yet had an economic or social impact, we believe that the potential for such an impact is there, and we hope to achieve this once our academic findings are accepted and established.
First Year Of Impact 2012
 
Description Culture and Identity Research Network 
Organisation Addis Ababa University
Country Ethiopia 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We assembled the Cultural and Identity Research Network (CIRN), including over 75 researchers in 38 nations. The network is now expanding further, and members continue to collaborate in ongoing research and future plans.
Collaborator Contribution Partners contribute to the design and conduct of studies, to dissemination activities, and to drafting and editing of research publications.
Impact Research conducted by our network has been disseminated in numerous papers and symposia at international and national conferences, in invited talks at UK universities, in 4 journal articles (to date: 13/11/14), and one book chapter.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Culture and Identity Research Network 
Organisation American University in Cairo
Country Egypt 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We assembled the Cultural and Identity Research Network (CIRN), including over 75 researchers in 38 nations. The network is now expanding further, and members continue to collaborate in ongoing research and future plans.
Collaborator Contribution Partners contribute to the design and conduct of studies, to dissemination activities, and to drafting and editing of research publications.
Impact Research conducted by our network has been disseminated in numerous papers and symposia at international and national conferences, in invited talks at UK universities, in 4 journal articles (to date: 13/11/14), and one book chapter.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Culture and Identity Research Network 
Organisation American University of Beirut
Country Lebanon 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We assembled the Cultural and Identity Research Network (CIRN), including over 75 researchers in 38 nations. The network is now expanding further, and members continue to collaborate in ongoing research and future plans.
Collaborator Contribution Partners contribute to the design and conduct of studies, to dissemination activities, and to drafting and editing of research publications.
Impact Research conducted by our network has been disseminated in numerous papers and symposia at international and national conferences, in invited talks at UK universities, in 4 journal articles (to date: 13/11/14), and one book chapter.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Culture and Identity Research Network 
Organisation Ankara University
Country Turkey 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We assembled the Cultural and Identity Research Network (CIRN), including over 75 researchers in 38 nations. The network is now expanding further, and members continue to collaborate in ongoing research and future plans.
Collaborator Contribution Partners contribute to the design and conduct of studies, to dissemination activities, and to drafting and editing of research publications.
Impact Research conducted by our network has been disseminated in numerous papers and symposia at international and national conferences, in invited talks at UK universities, in 4 journal articles (to date: 13/11/14), and one book chapter.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Culture and Identity Research Network 
Organisation Ateneo de Manila University
Country Philippines 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We assembled the Cultural and Identity Research Network (CIRN), including over 75 researchers in 38 nations. The network is now expanding further, and members continue to collaborate in ongoing research and future plans.
Collaborator Contribution Partners contribute to the design and conduct of studies, to dissemination activities, and to drafting and editing of research publications.
Impact Research conducted by our network has been disseminated in numerous papers and symposia at international and national conferences, in invited talks at UK universities, in 4 journal articles (to date: 13/11/14), and one book chapter.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Culture and Identity Research Network 
Organisation Catholic University of Louvain
Country Belgium 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We assembled the Cultural and Identity Research Network (CIRN), including over 75 researchers in 38 nations. The network is now expanding further, and members continue to collaborate in ongoing research and future plans.
Collaborator Contribution Partners contribute to the design and conduct of studies, to dissemination activities, and to drafting and editing of research publications.
Impact Research conducted by our network has been disseminated in numerous papers and symposia at international and national conferences, in invited talks at UK universities, in 4 journal articles (to date: 13/11/14), and one book chapter.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Culture and Identity Research Network 
Organisation Catholic University of the Sacred Heart
Country Italy 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We assembled the Cultural and Identity Research Network (CIRN), including over 75 researchers in 38 nations. The network is now expanding further, and members continue to collaborate in ongoing research and future plans.
Collaborator Contribution Partners contribute to the design and conduct of studies, to dissemination activities, and to drafting and editing of research publications.
Impact Research conducted by our network has been disseminated in numerous papers and symposia at international and national conferences, in invited talks at UK universities, in 4 journal articles (to date: 13/11/14), and one book chapter.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Culture and Identity Research Network 
Organisation Chinese Academy of Sciences
Country China 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution We assembled the Cultural and Identity Research Network (CIRN), including over 75 researchers in 38 nations. The network is now expanding further, and members continue to collaborate in ongoing research and future plans.
Collaborator Contribution Partners contribute to the design and conduct of studies, to dissemination activities, and to drafting and editing of research publications.
Impact Research conducted by our network has been disseminated in numerous papers and symposia at international and national conferences, in invited talks at UK universities, in 4 journal articles (to date: 13/11/14), and one book chapter.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Culture and Identity Research Network 
Organisation Chinese University of Hong Kong
Country Hong Kong 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We assembled the Cultural and Identity Research Network (CIRN), including over 75 researchers in 38 nations. The network is now expanding further, and members continue to collaborate in ongoing research and future plans.
Collaborator Contribution Partners contribute to the design and conduct of studies, to dissemination activities, and to drafting and editing of research publications.
Impact Research conducted by our network has been disseminated in numerous papers and symposia at international and national conferences, in invited talks at UK universities, in 4 journal articles (to date: 13/11/14), and one book chapter.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Culture and Identity Research Network 
Organisation Complutense University of Madrid
Country Spain 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We assembled the Cultural and Identity Research Network (CIRN), including over 75 researchers in 38 nations. The network is now expanding further, and members continue to collaborate in ongoing research and future plans.
Collaborator Contribution Partners contribute to the design and conduct of studies, to dissemination activities, and to drafting and editing of research publications.
Impact Research conducted by our network has been disseminated in numerous papers and symposia at international and national conferences, in invited talks at UK universities, in 4 journal articles (to date: 13/11/14), and one book chapter.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Culture and Identity Research Network 
Organisation Federal University of Paraíba
Country Brazil 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We assembled the Cultural and Identity Research Network (CIRN), including over 75 researchers in 38 nations. The network is now expanding further, and members continue to collaborate in ongoing research and future plans.
Collaborator Contribution Partners contribute to the design and conduct of studies, to dissemination activities, and to drafting and editing of research publications.
Impact Research conducted by our network has been disseminated in numerous papers and symposia at international and national conferences, in invited talks at UK universities, in 4 journal articles (to date: 13/11/14), and one book chapter.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Culture and Identity Research Network 
Organisation Federal University of Pará
Country Brazil 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We assembled the Cultural and Identity Research Network (CIRN), including over 75 researchers in 38 nations. The network is now expanding further, and members continue to collaborate in ongoing research and future plans.
Collaborator Contribution Partners contribute to the design and conduct of studies, to dissemination activities, and to drafting and editing of research publications.
Impact Research conducted by our network has been disseminated in numerous papers and symposia at international and national conferences, in invited talks at UK universities, in 4 journal articles (to date: 13/11/14), and one book chapter.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Culture and Identity Research Network 
Organisation Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul
Country Brazil 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We assembled the Cultural and Identity Research Network (CIRN), including over 75 researchers in 38 nations. The network is now expanding further, and members continue to collaborate in ongoing research and future plans.
Collaborator Contribution Partners contribute to the design and conduct of studies, to dissemination activities, and to drafting and editing of research publications.
Impact Research conducted by our network has been disseminated in numerous papers and symposia at international and national conferences, in invited talks at UK universities, in 4 journal articles (to date: 13/11/14), and one book chapter.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Culture and Identity Research Network 
Organisation Free University of Tbilisi
Country Georgia 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We assembled the Cultural and Identity Research Network (CIRN), including over 75 researchers in 38 nations. The network is now expanding further, and members continue to collaborate in ongoing research and future plans.
Collaborator Contribution Partners contribute to the design and conduct of studies, to dissemination activities, and to drafting and editing of research publications.
Impact Research conducted by our network has been disseminated in numerous papers and symposia at international and national conferences, in invited talks at UK universities, in 4 journal articles (to date: 13/11/14), and one book chapter.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Culture and Identity Research Network 
Organisation Friedrich Schiller University Jena (FSU)
Country Germany 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We assembled the Cultural and Identity Research Network (CIRN), including over 75 researchers in 38 nations. The network is now expanding further, and members continue to collaborate in ongoing research and future plans.
Collaborator Contribution Partners contribute to the design and conduct of studies, to dissemination activities, and to drafting and editing of research publications.
Impact Research conducted by our network has been disseminated in numerous papers and symposia at international and national conferences, in invited talks at UK universities, in 4 journal articles (to date: 13/11/14), and one book chapter.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Culture and Identity Research Network 
Organisation Hokkaido University
Country Japan 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We assembled the Cultural and Identity Research Network (CIRN), including over 75 researchers in 38 nations. The network is now expanding further, and members continue to collaborate in ongoing research and future plans.
Collaborator Contribution Partners contribute to the design and conduct of studies, to dissemination activities, and to drafting and editing of research publications.
Impact Research conducted by our network has been disseminated in numerous papers and symposia at international and national conferences, in invited talks at UK universities, in 4 journal articles (to date: 13/11/14), and one book chapter.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Culture and Identity Research Network 
Organisation Hong Kong Polytechnic University
Country Hong Kong 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We assembled the Cultural and Identity Research Network (CIRN), including over 75 researchers in 38 nations. The network is now expanding further, and members continue to collaborate in ongoing research and future plans.
Collaborator Contribution Partners contribute to the design and conduct of studies, to dissemination activities, and to drafting and editing of research publications.
Impact Research conducted by our network has been disseminated in numerous papers and symposia at international and national conferences, in invited talks at UK universities, in 4 journal articles (to date: 13/11/14), and one book chapter.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Culture and Identity Research Network 
Organisation Hungarian Academy of Sciences (MTA)
Country Hungary 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We assembled the Cultural and Identity Research Network (CIRN), including over 75 researchers in 38 nations. The network is now expanding further, and members continue to collaborate in ongoing research and future plans.
Collaborator Contribution Partners contribute to the design and conduct of studies, to dissemination activities, and to drafting and editing of research publications.
Impact Research conducted by our network has been disseminated in numerous papers and symposia at international and national conferences, in invited talks at UK universities, in 4 journal articles (to date: 13/11/14), and one book chapter.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Culture and Identity Research Network 
Organisation Makerere University
Country Uganda 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We assembled the Cultural and Identity Research Network (CIRN), including over 75 researchers in 38 nations. The network is now expanding further, and members continue to collaborate in ongoing research and future plans.
Collaborator Contribution Partners contribute to the design and conduct of studies, to dissemination activities, and to drafting and editing of research publications.
Impact Research conducted by our network has been disseminated in numerous papers and symposia at international and national conferences, in invited talks at UK universities, in 4 journal articles (to date: 13/11/14), and one book chapter.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Culture and Identity Research Network 
Organisation Nanyang Technological University
Country Singapore 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We assembled the Cultural and Identity Research Network (CIRN), including over 75 researchers in 38 nations. The network is now expanding further, and members continue to collaborate in ongoing research and future plans.
Collaborator Contribution Partners contribute to the design and conduct of studies, to dissemination activities, and to drafting and editing of research publications.
Impact Research conducted by our network has been disseminated in numerous papers and symposia at international and national conferences, in invited talks at UK universities, in 4 journal articles (to date: 13/11/14), and one book chapter.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Culture and Identity Research Network 
Organisation National Research University Higher School of Economics
Country Russian Federation 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We assembled the Cultural and Identity Research Network (CIRN), including over 75 researchers in 38 nations. The network is now expanding further, and members continue to collaborate in ongoing research and future plans.
Collaborator Contribution Partners contribute to the design and conduct of studies, to dissemination activities, and to drafting and editing of research publications.
Impact Research conducted by our network has been disseminated in numerous papers and symposia at international and national conferences, in invited talks at UK universities, in 4 journal articles (to date: 13/11/14), and one book chapter.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Culture and Identity Research Network 
Organisation Pontifical Catholic University of Chile
Country Chile 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We assembled the Cultural and Identity Research Network (CIRN), including over 75 researchers in 38 nations. The network is now expanding further, and members continue to collaborate in ongoing research and future plans.
Collaborator Contribution Partners contribute to the design and conduct of studies, to dissemination activities, and to drafting and editing of research publications.
Impact Research conducted by our network has been disseminated in numerous papers and symposia at international and national conferences, in invited talks at UK universities, in 4 journal articles (to date: 13/11/14), and one book chapter.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Culture and Identity Research Network 
Organisation Pontifical Catholic University of Peru
Country Peru 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We assembled the Cultural and Identity Research Network (CIRN), including over 75 researchers in 38 nations. The network is now expanding further, and members continue to collaborate in ongoing research and future plans.
Collaborator Contribution Partners contribute to the design and conduct of studies, to dissemination activities, and to drafting and editing of research publications.
Impact Research conducted by our network has been disseminated in numerous papers and symposia at international and national conferences, in invited talks at UK universities, in 4 journal articles (to date: 13/11/14), and one book chapter.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Culture and Identity Research Network 
Organisation Queen's University Belfast
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We assembled the Cultural and Identity Research Network (CIRN), including over 75 researchers in 38 nations. The network is now expanding further, and members continue to collaborate in ongoing research and future plans.
Collaborator Contribution Partners contribute to the design and conduct of studies, to dissemination activities, and to drafting and editing of research publications.
Impact Research conducted by our network has been disseminated in numerous papers and symposia at international and national conferences, in invited talks at UK universities, in 4 journal articles (to date: 13/11/14), and one book chapter.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Culture and Identity Research Network 
Organisation Salgado de Oliveira University
Country Brazil 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We assembled the Cultural and Identity Research Network (CIRN), including over 75 researchers in 38 nations. The network is now expanding further, and members continue to collaborate in ongoing research and future plans.
Collaborator Contribution Partners contribute to the design and conduct of studies, to dissemination activities, and to drafting and editing of research publications.
Impact Research conducted by our network has been disseminated in numerous papers and symposia at international and national conferences, in invited talks at UK universities, in 4 journal articles (to date: 13/11/14), and one book chapter.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Culture and Identity Research Network 
Organisation Sultan Qaboos University
Country Oman 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We assembled the Cultural and Identity Research Network (CIRN), including over 75 researchers in 38 nations. The network is now expanding further, and members continue to collaborate in ongoing research and future plans.
Collaborator Contribution Partners contribute to the design and conduct of studies, to dissemination activities, and to drafting and editing of research publications.
Impact Research conducted by our network has been disseminated in numerous papers and symposia at international and national conferences, in invited talks at UK universities, in 4 journal articles (to date: 13/11/14), and one book chapter.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Culture and Identity Research Network 
Organisation Thammasat University
Country Thailand 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We assembled the Cultural and Identity Research Network (CIRN), including over 75 researchers in 38 nations. The network is now expanding further, and members continue to collaborate in ongoing research and future plans.
Collaborator Contribution Partners contribute to the design and conduct of studies, to dissemination activities, and to drafting and editing of research publications.
Impact Research conducted by our network has been disseminated in numerous papers and symposia at international and national conferences, in invited talks at UK universities, in 4 journal articles (to date: 13/11/14), and one book chapter.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Culture and Identity Research Network 
Organisation Uludag University
Country Turkey 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We assembled the Cultural and Identity Research Network (CIRN), including over 75 researchers in 38 nations. The network is now expanding further, and members continue to collaborate in ongoing research and future plans.
Collaborator Contribution Partners contribute to the design and conduct of studies, to dissemination activities, and to drafting and editing of research publications.
Impact Research conducted by our network has been disseminated in numerous papers and symposia at international and national conferences, in invited talks at UK universities, in 4 journal articles (to date: 13/11/14), and one book chapter.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Culture and Identity Research Network 
Organisation University College Ostfold
Country Norway 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We assembled the Cultural and Identity Research Network (CIRN), including over 75 researchers in 38 nations. The network is now expanding further, and members continue to collaborate in ongoing research and future plans.
Collaborator Contribution Partners contribute to the design and conduct of studies, to dissemination activities, and to drafting and editing of research publications.
Impact Research conducted by our network has been disseminated in numerous papers and symposia at international and national conferences, in invited talks at UK universities, in 4 journal articles (to date: 13/11/14), and one book chapter.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Culture and Identity Research Network 
Organisation University of Buea
Country Cameroon 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We assembled the Cultural and Identity Research Network (CIRN), including over 75 researchers in 38 nations. The network is now expanding further, and members continue to collaborate in ongoing research and future plans.
Collaborator Contribution Partners contribute to the design and conduct of studies, to dissemination activities, and to drafting and editing of research publications.
Impact Research conducted by our network has been disseminated in numerous papers and symposia at international and national conferences, in invited talks at UK universities, in 4 journal articles (to date: 13/11/14), and one book chapter.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Culture and Identity Research Network 
Organisation University of Colorado
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We assembled the Cultural and Identity Research Network (CIRN), including over 75 researchers in 38 nations. The network is now expanding further, and members continue to collaborate in ongoing research and future plans.
Collaborator Contribution Partners contribute to the design and conduct of studies, to dissemination activities, and to drafting and editing of research publications.
Impact Research conducted by our network has been disseminated in numerous papers and symposia at international and national conferences, in invited talks at UK universities, in 4 journal articles (to date: 13/11/14), and one book chapter.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Culture and Identity Research Network 
Organisation University of Delhi
Country India 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We assembled the Cultural and Identity Research Network (CIRN), including over 75 researchers in 38 nations. The network is now expanding further, and members continue to collaborate in ongoing research and future plans.
Collaborator Contribution Partners contribute to the design and conduct of studies, to dissemination activities, and to drafting and editing of research publications.
Impact Research conducted by our network has been disseminated in numerous papers and symposia at international and national conferences, in invited talks at UK universities, in 4 journal articles (to date: 13/11/14), and one book chapter.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Culture and Identity Research Network 
Organisation University of Gdansk
Country Poland 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We assembled the Cultural and Identity Research Network (CIRN), including over 75 researchers in 38 nations. The network is now expanding further, and members continue to collaborate in ongoing research and future plans.
Collaborator Contribution Partners contribute to the design and conduct of studies, to dissemination activities, and to drafting and editing of research publications.
Impact Research conducted by our network has been disseminated in numerous papers and symposia at international and national conferences, in invited talks at UK universities, in 4 journal articles (to date: 13/11/14), and one book chapter.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Culture and Identity Research Network 
Organisation University of Ghana
Country Ghana 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We assembled the Cultural and Identity Research Network (CIRN), including over 75 researchers in 38 nations. The network is now expanding further, and members continue to collaborate in ongoing research and future plans.
Collaborator Contribution Partners contribute to the design and conduct of studies, to dissemination activities, and to drafting and editing of research publications.
Impact Research conducted by our network has been disseminated in numerous papers and symposia at international and national conferences, in invited talks at UK universities, in 4 journal articles (to date: 13/11/14), and one book chapter.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Culture and Identity Research Network 
Organisation University of Iceland
Country Iceland 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We assembled the Cultural and Identity Research Network (CIRN), including over 75 researchers in 38 nations. The network is now expanding further, and members continue to collaborate in ongoing research and future plans.
Collaborator Contribution Partners contribute to the design and conduct of studies, to dissemination activities, and to drafting and editing of research publications.
Impact Research conducted by our network has been disseminated in numerous papers and symposia at international and national conferences, in invited talks at UK universities, in 4 journal articles (to date: 13/11/14), and one book chapter.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Culture and Identity Research Network 
Organisation University of KwaZulu-Natal
Country South Africa 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We assembled the Cultural and Identity Research Network (CIRN), including over 75 researchers in 38 nations. The network is now expanding further, and members continue to collaborate in ongoing research and future plans.
Collaborator Contribution Partners contribute to the design and conduct of studies, to dissemination activities, and to drafting and editing of research publications.
Impact Research conducted by our network has been disseminated in numerous papers and symposia at international and national conferences, in invited talks at UK universities, in 4 journal articles (to date: 13/11/14), and one book chapter.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Culture and Identity Research Network 
Organisation University of Leipzig
Country Germany 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We assembled the Cultural and Identity Research Network (CIRN), including over 75 researchers in 38 nations. The network is now expanding further, and members continue to collaborate in ongoing research and future plans.
Collaborator Contribution Partners contribute to the design and conduct of studies, to dissemination activities, and to drafting and editing of research publications.
Impact Research conducted by our network has been disseminated in numerous papers and symposia at international and national conferences, in invited talks at UK universities, in 4 journal articles (to date: 13/11/14), and one book chapter.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Culture and Identity Research Network 
Organisation University of Malaya
Country Malaysia 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We assembled the Cultural and Identity Research Network (CIRN), including over 75 researchers in 38 nations. The network is now expanding further, and members continue to collaborate in ongoing research and future plans.
Collaborator Contribution Partners contribute to the design and conduct of studies, to dissemination activities, and to drafting and editing of research publications.
Impact Research conducted by our network has been disseminated in numerous papers and symposia at international and national conferences, in invited talks at UK universities, in 4 journal articles (to date: 13/11/14), and one book chapter.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Culture and Identity Research Network 
Organisation University of Miami
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We assembled the Cultural and Identity Research Network (CIRN), including over 75 researchers in 38 nations. The network is now expanding further, and members continue to collaborate in ongoing research and future plans.
Collaborator Contribution Partners contribute to the design and conduct of studies, to dissemination activities, and to drafting and editing of research publications.
Impact Research conducted by our network has been disseminated in numerous papers and symposia at international and national conferences, in invited talks at UK universities, in 4 journal articles (to date: 13/11/14), and one book chapter.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Culture and Identity Research Network 
Organisation University of Namibia
Country Namibia 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We assembled the Cultural and Identity Research Network (CIRN), including over 75 researchers in 38 nations. The network is now expanding further, and members continue to collaborate in ongoing research and future plans.
Collaborator Contribution Partners contribute to the design and conduct of studies, to dissemination activities, and to drafting and editing of research publications.
Impact Research conducted by our network has been disseminated in numerous papers and symposia at international and national conferences, in invited talks at UK universities, in 4 journal articles (to date: 13/11/14), and one book chapter.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Culture and Identity Research Network 
Organisation University of Tartu
Country Estonia 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We assembled the Cultural and Identity Research Network (CIRN), including over 75 researchers in 38 nations. The network is now expanding further, and members continue to collaborate in ongoing research and future plans.
Collaborator Contribution Partners contribute to the design and conduct of studies, to dissemination activities, and to drafting and editing of research publications.
Impact Research conducted by our network has been disseminated in numerous papers and symposia at international and national conferences, in invited talks at UK universities, in 4 journal articles (to date: 13/11/14), and one book chapter.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Culture and Identity Research Network 
Organisation University of Victoria
Country Australia 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We assembled the Cultural and Identity Research Network (CIRN), including over 75 researchers in 38 nations. The network is now expanding further, and members continue to collaborate in ongoing research and future plans.
Collaborator Contribution Partners contribute to the design and conduct of studies, to dissemination activities, and to drafting and editing of research publications.
Impact Research conducted by our network has been disseminated in numerous papers and symposia at international and national conferences, in invited talks at UK universities, in 4 journal articles (to date: 13/11/14), and one book chapter.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Culture and Identity Research Network 
Organisation University of the Andes
Country Colombia 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We assembled the Cultural and Identity Research Network (CIRN), including over 75 researchers in 38 nations. The network is now expanding further, and members continue to collaborate in ongoing research and future plans.
Collaborator Contribution Partners contribute to the design and conduct of studies, to dissemination activities, and to drafting and editing of research publications.
Impact Research conducted by our network has been disseminated in numerous papers and symposia at international and national conferences, in invited talks at UK universities, in 4 journal articles (to date: 13/11/14), and one book chapter.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Culture and Identity Research Network 
Organisation West University of Timisoara
Country Romania 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We assembled the Cultural and Identity Research Network (CIRN), including over 75 researchers in 38 nations. The network is now expanding further, and members continue to collaborate in ongoing research and future plans.
Collaborator Contribution Partners contribute to the design and conduct of studies, to dissemination activities, and to drafting and editing of research publications.
Impact Research conducted by our network has been disseminated in numerous papers and symposia at international and national conferences, in invited talks at UK universities, in 4 journal articles (to date: 13/11/14), and one book chapter.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Culture and Identity Research Network 
Organisation Yasar University
Country Turkey 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We assembled the Cultural and Identity Research Network (CIRN), including over 75 researchers in 38 nations. The network is now expanding further, and members continue to collaborate in ongoing research and future plans.
Collaborator Contribution Partners contribute to the design and conduct of studies, to dissemination activities, and to drafting and editing of research publications.
Impact Research conducted by our network has been disseminated in numerous papers and symposia at international and national conferences, in invited talks at UK universities, in 4 journal articles (to date: 13/11/14), and one book chapter.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Cada vez más individualistas : Así estamos 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Article in leading Chilean weekend newspaper "La Tercera", which mentions early results from our analyses of cultural orientations across the samples of Study 2. A particular focus of the article is the individualistic cultural profile shown by our Chilean participants.

La Tercera
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
URL http://diario.latercera.com/2011/11/05/01/contenido/tendencias/26-89310-9-cada-vez-mas-individualist...
 
Description Identity motives in cultural context (Invited research talk, Royal Holloway) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Western research has identified various 'identity motives' that predispose people to see themselves in particular ways: emphasizing positive self-regard (self-esteem), continuity, distinctiveness, belonging, efficacy, and meaning. However, theorists disagree about the relevance of these motives in non-Western cultures, and existing evidence is hotly debated. Relativists argue that identity motives are simply internalized reflections of cultural beliefs and values. Universalists claim that particular motives have adaptive functions that should not depend on culture. Our findings support a middle way between these positions. Supporting universalism, identity motives show little variation in strength with beliefs, values or practices across diverse cultural groupings. However, cultural groupings show different characteristic ways of satisfying each motive. Thus, a common set of underlying motives may lead to different patterns of self-construal and social action in the context of different cultural systems, supporting Shweder's concept of "universalism without the uniformity".

The talk stimulated lively debate and useful discussions with colleagues that were mutually enriching.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description The interplay of cultural and motivational influences on identity construction (Invited research talk, University of Essex) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Beyond basic needs for food, water, affiliation and security, people's thoughts and actions are often guided by symbolic needs. These include identity motives, which predispose people to see themselves in particular ways. Previous research has shown that people in contemporary Western societies are motivated to see themselves positively (the self-esteem motive), as distinguished from others (the distinctiveness motive), persisting through time (the continuity motive), accepted within their social circles (the belonging motive), competent and capable (the efficacy motive), and imbued with meaning and purpose (the meaning motive). However, little has been known about the generality of these motives to people in non-Western cultures-the majority of the world's population-and theories have been polarized between 'universalist' and 'relativist' positions. I will review recent findings from two large-scale survey studies measuring the strengths of identity motives, different sources of motive satisfaction, and cultural beliefs and values, among a total of 14,000 members of cultural groupings spanning 38 nations. The findings support a middle way between univeralist and relativist perspectives. Supporting universalism, identity motives show a relatively similar pattern of effects on identity construction across cultural groups varying widely in beliefs, values and practices. However, cultural groupings show different characteristic ways of satisfying each motive. Thus, a common set of motives appears to underlie the different expressions and outcomes of identity observed across cultures, supporting Shweder's concept of "universalism without the uniformity".

The talk stimulated interesting discussions that were mutually enriching for me and for the colleagues who attended.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012