The Constitutional Future of Scotland and the United Kingdom

Lead Research Organisation: University of Aberdeen
Department Name: School of Social Science

Abstract

This programme of research will examine the options for Scottish constitutional change, including independence, and their implications for the future of the UK and Scotland. It will provide evidence to help inform voter understanding of the key issues ahead of the independence referendum to be held in September 2014, and of the significance and consequences of the referendum result. In the longer term, it will develop a research centre involving academics from political science, economics and law to strengthen the capacity for the generation of new knowledge on the social, economic and political challenges associated with constitutional change.

The proposal builds upon existing research, including some investments already supported by the ESRC Future of the UK and Scotland. It includes two projects within each of the four themes of the programme - relations beyond Scotland, the economy, governance, and future Scotland. Research on citizen and elite behaviour cuts across each of these themes. The projects all address consequences of rescaling, that is, the migration of economic, social and political systems to new levels, which are connected in complex ways. Whatever the outcome of the referendum, Scotland's constitutional future will develop within a series of overarching 'unions' within the British Isles, the European Union and beyond. These will place some constraints on what a Scottish - and UK - government could do under all constitutional scenarios.

The research employs legal analysis, political and policy analysis, economic modeling and behavioural analysis to explore the implications of different constitutional options. Each project includes collaboration between scholars from different disciplines. There are surveys of citizena and business leaders survey to ascertain responses to situations of partial knowledge, risk and uncertainty, and their ranking of preferences. The use of comparison also runs through the projects. Analysis of the future of Scotland in the UK provides case study of the broader transformations of the state in modern times. The inter-related nature of the projects is a key feature of the proposal, with preliminary findings from projects feeding into the development of the research in others, and so on. Findings from the will be used to inform understanding among the public, policy-makers and the media, through a range of user-focused activities, as well as to generate new knowledge to advance understanding of the dynamics of constitutional change.

Planned Impact

The proposed research centre will provide informed, impartial analysis on the future of the UK and Scotland both before and after the referendum on Scottish independence. It has identified three main sets of beneficiaries: (i) Civil society, including the voluntary sector, the business community, trade unions and public sector professionals; (ii) civil servants, political campaigners, parliamentarians, and their staff, including: civil servants in the Scottish Government, Whitehall, the Welsh Assembly Government, the Northern Ireland Assembly, and the European Commission; parliamentarians and parliamentary staff; and senior officials within local authorities; and (iii) the wider public in Scotland and beyond, who are eager to be informed on the consequences of the referendum outcome and of what may follow it.

We will engage in a wide range of activities to ensure our research reaches these audiences. Proposed activities include five seminars intended to bring together senior representatives of civil society organisations, government and parliaments. Each seminar will be by invitation only, and will involve 20-30 participants and be conducted under Chatham House rules to encourage frank, open and honest exchange. The five seminars will be on the following project themes: external relationships; economic futures; fiscal pacts; constitutionalism and democracy; and inequality in Scotland. In addition to these seminars, we will offer tailored private briefing sessions to representatives of the Scottish Government, Whitehall and other governments from the UK and beyond, on key issues relevant to the future of the UK and Scotland. We will guard fiercely our impartiality in all of these activities, which will be focused on enhancing the impact of evidence-based academic research.

We will reach broader audiences through several means. First, we will produce a comprehensive set of easy-to-read reports (3 per project - 27 in total), which we will disseminate widely among user groups and via the traditional media, social media and our website. Second, we will convene a large public conference in the aftermath of the referendum, to analyse the result and its implications for the future of both Scotland and the UK. We will also feed research from out projects into other public-facing events already planned under existing projects, including those supported by the ESRC Future of the UK and Scotland programme. Third, the project team will exploit opportunities to disseminate findings via the media, drawing on our extensive collective experience, contacts and reputations nationally and internationally. As well as responding to frequent requests for interview, we will actively seek opportunities to participate in relevant scheduled programmes by providing tailored 1 page briefing papers for circulation around broadcasters, and writing 'op ed' articles for broadsheet newspapers. Fourth, we will develop a research centre website, embedded within the 'Scottish Independence' section of the website of the University of Edinburgh's Academy of Government. This already includes a Referendum Blog which offers informed analysis of issues related to the referendum, as well as a portal to advertise relevant academic-led events. We will use the blog to disseminate project findings to a wider academic and non-academic community online. The blog is already set up so that posts are disseminated through Twitter and Facebook. These will be augmented by individual Twitter feed from selected members of the research team, contributing academic research to what is already a lively online constitutional debate in Scotland.

A six person advisory board will be established as soon as the projects are underway, to guide us towards ensuring that opportunities to inform and influence all beneficiaries are fully exploited.
 
Description As shown in our 2017 book, the referendum campaign focused on both constitutional issues and substantive issues of economics, welfare, defence and security. Risk and uncertainties were key factors in voter choice. The outcome did not resolve the constitutional question in Scotland, which remains live. Scotland represents an example of processes of spatial rescaling that are affecting European states as government is transformed and dilemmas of economic competitiveness and social cohesion emerge at all levels. Brexit only accentuates this process as our more recent work shows.
Exploitation Route We are continuing to work with officials and stakeholders in the Scottish policy community and at UK level about institutional change and policy options.
Sectors Government, Democracy and Justice

URL http://www.centreonconstitutionalchange.ac.uk
 
Description Our research has been used by parliamentary committees during the scrutiny of legislation relating to the devolution agenda across the UK. In addition, fellows have also worked with civil servants to inform the thinking of government. Extensive engagement activity has also helped inform and frame public debate around the issue of constitutional change. In terms of parliamentary engagement, the Centre on Constitutional Change has worked particularly closely with the House of Lords Constitutional Affairs Committee, the Public Administration and Constitutional Affairs Committee (Westminster), the Lords Economic Affairs Committee, the Scottish Parliament's Welfare Reform Committee and, especially, the Devolution (Further Powers) Committee and the European and External Relations Committee - both at Holyrood. In terms of working with government, we have provided advice to the Cabinet Office, Treasury, Scotland Office and Scottish Government both through formal meetings and workshops and less formal means such as newsletters and blogs, which we know to be widely read by civil servants. We have made a particular effort to inform the public and encourage popular understanding of the UK's changing constitutional relationships. This has involved significant outreach through both digital and traditional media. The focus of the centre's digital activity has been a blog-driven website, which so far has received over 659,000 page views from 220,000 visitors. Our output in the traditional media has also been significant with fellows reaching an audience of tens of millions during the Scottish independence referendum campaign and continuing to achieve a significant presences since.
First Year Of Impact 2013
Sector Communities and Social Services/Policy,Government, Democracy and Justice
Impact Types Societal,Economic,Policy & public services

 
Description A Carol Weiss effect on policymaking
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact The ESRC accepts that there is an often unclear link between evidence and policy. There is a clear role for demonstrating long term enlightenment and meaningful partnership on how to produce and use evidence, which is different from a very specific short term impact. In this case, I worked with Scottish Government civil servants to discuss and form some agreement on how to use evidence in policy, in general, and in relation to the Scottish Government's work on using evidence to inform 'prevention' policy. We are now using the relationship for a larger project funded by Horizon2020 on learning how EU member states address territorial inequalities. Our 2-year ESRC project has allowed us to develop a relationship with policymakers that underpins the design and delivery of future work, in our projects and theirs.
URL https://paulcairney.wordpress.com/2016/11/10/we-all-want-evidence-based-policy-making-but-how-do-we-...
 
Description Adviser to the Devolution (Further Powers) Committee - Preparation of the interim report on the post-Smith draft clauses
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
Impact Acting as one of three advisers to the Scottish Parliament's influential Devolution (Further Powers) Committee allowed for the opportunity to help shape the future delivery of welfare in Scotland and the relationship between the Scottish and UK Governments.
URL http://www.scottish.parliament.uk/parliamentarybusiness/CurrentCommittees/89474.aspx
 
Description Advisor to the Scottish Federation of Housing Associations on understanding and engaging with the Smith Commission and Scotland Bill (10 June 2015)
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
 
Description Appointed as an adviser on intergovernmental relations to the Devolution (Further Powers) Committee of the Scottish Parliament - 2015
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
Impact The system of intergovernmental relations in the UK is emerging and the work of parliamentary committees in building the process is vital. Inquiries such as this have begun the process of parliaments as institutions reaching out to one another and, in doing so, enhancing the efficacy of parliamentary scrutiny.
URL http://www.scottish.parliament.uk/S4_ScotlandBillCommittee/Reports/DFPS042015R08.pdf
 
Description Briefing Paper on Repatriated Competences and Frameworks by Professors Michael Keating, Nicola McEwen and Stephen Tierney for Culture, Tourism, Europe and External Relations Committee, Scottish Parliament. May 2018
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
Impact Paper examined the issue of European competences being returned to Westminster after Brexit and then devolved to administrations in Edinburgh, Cardiff and Belfast. The paper fed into consideration in the Committee.
URL http://www.parliament.scot/S5_European/Meeting%20Papers/CTEER_meeting_papers_2018.05.03.pdf
 
Description Briefing on intergovernmental relations for governmental delegation from Papau New Guidnea (Sept 2016)
Geographic Reach Asia 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
 
Description Citation in Constitution Committee (Lords select committee) report
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
URL http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld201516/ldselect/ldconst/149/149.pdf
 
Description Citation in Devolution (Further Powers) Committee report "New Powers for Scotland: An Interim Report on the Smith Commission and the UK Government's Proposals" (14 May 2015)
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
URL http://www.scottish.parliament.uk/S4_ScotlandBillCommittee/Reports/dfpr-15-03w-rev.pdf
 
Description Citation in House of Lords Constitution Committee Report (May 2015)
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
URL http://www.parliament.uk/union-and-devolution
 
Description Citation in PACAC (Commons select committee) report
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
URL http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201516/cmselect/cmpubadm/523/523.pdf
 
Description Citation in SPICE publication "Further Devolution for Scotland: The Draft Clauses" (19 March 2015)
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
URL http://www.scottish.parliament.uk/parliamentarybusiness/87943.aspx
 
Description Citation in SPICE publication "The Smith Commission Report - Overview" (8 January 2015)
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
 
Description Citation in SPICE publication "The Smith Commission's Welfare Proposals (21 January 2015)
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
URL http://www.scottish.parliament.uk/parliamentarybusiness/85958.aspx
 
Description Citation in the Scottish Affairs Committee publication "Demography of Scotland and the implications for devolution" linked to my appearance as a witness on behalf of the Royal Society of Edinburgh
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
Impact This publication included a set of recommendations by the Scottish Affairs Committee. Perhaps most important among these was the proposal that Scotland be allowed to control its own migration policy. This remains a matter of some contention between the Scottish and UK governments.
URL http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201617/cmselect/cmscotaf/938/93802.htm
 
Description Cited in Scottish Parliament Welfare Committee's report into the Future Delivery of Welfare in Scotland - 14 December 2015
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
URL http://www.scottish.parliament.uk/S4_Welfare_Reform_Committee/Reports/WRS042015R06.pdf
 
Description Cited in the report of the report of the House of Lords Constitution Committee into the draft Scotland Bill Clauses - 4 Feb 2015
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
Impact This review shaped the subsequent legislation, which in turn determined the nature of the settlement between the UK and Scottish governments.
URL http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld201415/ldselect/ldconst/145/14511.htm
 
Description Contribution to UK in a Changing Europe submission to House of Lords on EU negotiation - Michael Keating, 24-11-15
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
 
Description Coordination of Devolution (Further Powers) Committee away day at the Centre, with academics providing insight on Belgium, Spain, Canada, and Germany (6 September 2015)
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
 
Description Coordination of parliamentary evidence session on parliamentary scrutiny and intergovernmental relations with representatives from Belgium, Switzerland, and Canada (17 September 2015)
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
 
Description Design of Scotland's fiscal framework
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
Impact Following our research into the design of Scotland's fiscal framework, David Bell was invited to be the specialist adviser to the House of Lords Economic Affairs Committee, which was carrying out an investigation into the tax devolution proposed for Scotland in the week of the independence referendum in 2014. The investigation and subsequent report were influential in affecting public debate. In particular, the debate on the Scotland Bill in the House of Lords debate which took place on 29th February 2016 included the following amendment (57ZA) by Lord Forsyth of Drumlean: Before Clause 13, insert the following new Clause- "Approval of the fiscal framework Nothing in this Part shall have effect until each House of Parliament has passed a motion expressing its approval of the agreement between the Scottish Government and the United Kingdom Government on the Scottish Government's fiscal framework." This amendment was intended to indicate concern over the lack of debate of Scotland's proposed fiscal framework both in the House of Commons and in the House of Lords. Although the amendment failed, this debate did provide one opportunity for an informed discussion of the implications of Scotland's new fiscal framework. The text from Hansard (referenced below) makes clear David Bell's contribution to informing this debate.
URL http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld201516/ldhansrd/text/160229-0002.htm
 
Description EVIDENCE ON SCOTTISH FISCAL COMMISSION BILL
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
Impact I gave evidence on the functions of the Scotland Fiscal Commission as described in the Scotland Fiscal Commission Bill. The decision on this will be taken shortly. Among other things I advocated that SFC should produce it's own forecast and not merely scrutinise the forecast of the Government.
URL http://www.scottish.parliament.uk/parliamentarybusiness/CurrentCommittees/93009.aspx
 
Description Engagement with policy makers and practitioners
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact During the referendum period, we worked with civil servants from both the UK and Scottish governments in the production of their analysis papers, while remaining strictly impartial ourselves. I attended several of these meetings in Edinburgh and London. I presented a paper on prevention policymaking to the Scottish Government in February 2014 (http://www.futureukandscotland.ac.uk/blog/%E2%80%98decisive-shift-prevention%E2%80%99) and June 2015. I chaired a Political Quarterly workshop in October 2014, which brought together the special issue contributors with UK and Scotland civil servants and representatives of local government and the third sector. I chaired a workshop in June, bringing together the Scottish Parliament's finance committee with civil servants and practitioners to discuss evidence based policymaking. I have given evidence to the Scottish Parliament, on (a) parliamentary reform and (b) public policy (http://www.scottish.parliament.uk/S4_FinanceCommittee/General%20Documents/Summary_of_submissions_Paul_Cairney.pdf), and to the Northern Ireland Assembly's inquiry on the Barnett formula. I have interviewed approximately 40 Scottish Government civil servants and Scottish Parliament MSPs and staff and will interview HM Treasury staff in 2015 (Emily St Denny interviewed over 50 practitioners in the third sector). I used this information to feed back regularly to both governments about their respective policy styles and progress. To maximise influence via an 'enlightenment' function (described by Carol Weiss), I have described my work on 'prevention' policy through the lens of the idea of 'evidence-based policymaking'. This has allowed me to engage with a much larger number and range of groups in government, the third sector, business, and think tanks, and I am continuing this important work after the term of the ESRC grant (for example, while launching my book 'The Politics of Evidence-Based Policymaking with the Alliance for Useful Evidence/ Nesta in March 2016).
 
Description Evidence cited in the Fiscal Framework report of the Scottish Parliament's Finance Committee - 29 June 2015
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
Impact The fiscal framework agreement between the Scottish and UK governments provides the basis for government finances over the next five years (2016-2021). Prof McEwen's evidence is extensively cited in the report that represented an important plank of the parliamentary scrutiny of this process.
URL http://www.scottish.parliament.uk/S4_FinanceCommittee/Reports/fir15-12w.pdf
 
Description Evidence given to House of Lords Committee (Constitution) on The Union and Devolution (May 2016)
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
URL http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld201516/ldselect/ldconst/149/14916.htm
 
Description Evidence in the House of Lords on inter-governmental relations in the UK (7 Jan 2015)
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
URL http://www.parliament.uk/business/committees/committees-a-z/lords-select/constitution-committee/news...
 
Description Evidence on Brexit for Scottish Parliament European Committee (Sept 2016)
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
URL http://www.parliament.scot/parliamentarybusiness/CurrentCommittees/100259.aspx
 
Description Evidence on to House of Lords Constitution Committee 11 Nov 2015
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
Impact Evidence on public attitudes about the implications of increased devolved powers and the health of the Union.
URL http://www.parliament.uk/business/committees/committees-a-z/lords-select/constitution-committee/news...
 
Description Evidence to joint session of HOC Scottish Affairs Committee and ScotParl Social Security Commitee (November 2016)
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
URL https://www.parliament.uk/business/committees/committees-a-z/commons-select/scottish-affairs-committ...
 
Description Evidence to the Scottish Parliament Finance Committee
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
Impact The evidence provided information on creation of independent fiscal/forecasting body in Scotland. It influenced the decision to establish the independent Scottish Fiscal Commission.
 
Description Evidence to the Scottish Parliament Welfare Committee on the Future Delivery of social security in Scotland (10 November 2015)
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
 
Description Gave evidence to the Scottish Parliament's Finance Committee (11 April 2014) on likely scenarios for Scottish Public Finances post-indyref
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
Impact The Finance Committee was investigating the likely impact of changes in powers, including independence, would have on taxation, borrowing, public sector debt and fiscal rules. In the words of the committee's convenor, Kenneth Gibson MSP, "Our evidence sessions will provide a vital platform for debate and clarity on some of the most important financial issues at the forefront of the Scottish public's mind. That is why we have invited respected experts in the fields of taxation, debt and pensions to share their views on what Scotland's public finances will look like after 2014."
URL http://www.scottish.parliament.uk/newsandmediacentre/75333.aspx
 
Description Informing committee recommendations in Changing Relationships: Parliamentary Scrutiny of Intergovernmental Relation (6 October 2015)
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
Impact The report published by the Scottish Parliament in 2015 set forth several recommendations for improvements in the operation of intergovernmental relations between Scotland and the United Kingdom governments and ways in which parliamentary scrutiny in these activities may be enhanced.
URL http://www.scottish.parliament.uk/newsandmediacentre/92898.aspx
 
Description Invitation to participate in a Scottish Government stakeholder event on welfare and new devolved powers (24 June 2015)
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
URL http://news.scotland.gov.uk/News/Rallying-call-on-new-powers-for-Scotland-1a71.aspx
 
Description Invitations to share research with Scotland Office
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact The Scotland Office have twice sought information from me about the existing state of public attitudes as well as advice in terms of how to conduct future research on attitudes. I provided them with a presentation as well as copies of reports on public opinion in Scotland and the rest of the UK before and after the 2014 independence referendum.
 
Description Master class on new devolution legislation for Chartered Institute of Housing Conference
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
URL http://www.cih.org/events/display/vpathDCR/templatedata/cih/events/data/Scotland/2016_cih_scotland_a...
 
Description Meeting with International Climate Change Stakeholder Engagement lead and colleagues at Department of Energy and Climate change on devolution and the Smith Commission process and its relevance for energy and climate change policy (7 January 2015)
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
 
Description Meeting with Scottish Parliament clerks to advise on scope and work plan of parliamentary committees following the election (June 2016)
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
 
Description Meeting with Taiwanese government delegation on intergovernmental relations (August 2016)
Geographic Reach Asia 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
 
Description Meeting with clerks regarding proposed Expert Advisory Council on Brexit (Sept 2016)
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
 
Description Meeting with members of Cabinet Office UK Governance and Devolution team on intergovernmental relations and the Smith Commission and Scotland Bill legislation (4 February 2015)
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
 
Description Meeting with representatives of Quebec Government Office in Edinburgh to provide an briefing on recent events (Sept 2016)
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
 
Description Meeting with the Department of Work and Pensions on the Scotland Bill and implications for DWP (22 July 2015)
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
 
Description Meeting with the Devolution Director and senior colleagues at the Department of Work and Pensions on the draft clauses of the Scotland Bill and their relevance to welfare policy (6 January 2015)
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
 
Description Meeting with the Scottish Government Welfare division on the Scotland Bill and implications for welfare (23 June 2015)
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
 
Description Meeting with the Treasury and academics on implications of the Scotland Bill for Welfare funding (22 July 2015)
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
 
Description Ministerial commitment in Commons to consider report recommendations on EVEL
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
URL https://hansard.parliament.uk/commons/2016-12-01/debates/9C4D5666-5827-4249-AC9B-CEC0B0409CAA/Busine...
 
Description Oral Evidence to House of Commons Political and Constitutional Reform committee
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
 
Description Oral Evidence to Scottish Parliament European and External Affairs Committee - Michael Keating 4-6-15
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
 
Description Oral Evidence to the European and External Affairs Committee of the Scottish Parliament on accession of Scotland to the EU and on defence
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
 
Description Oral Evidence: House of Commons Political and Constitutional Affairs Committee - Michael Keating 17-10-14
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
 
Description Oral Evidence: House of Commons Political and Constitutional Affairs Committee - Michael Keating 9-2-15
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
 
Description Oral Evidence: House of Commons Public Administration Committee - Michael Keating 8-4-14
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
 
Description Oral Evidence: House of Commons Scottish Affairs Committee - David Eiser
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
 
Description Oral Evidence: House of Lords Select Committee on the Constitution - Michael Keating 5-3-14
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
 
Description Oral Evidence: National Assembly for Wales - Michael Keating 14-7-13
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
 
Description Oral Evidence: Scottish Parliament (Economy, Energy and Tourism Committee) - David Bell, Angus Armstrong
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
 
Description Oral Evidence: Scottish Parliament (Economy, Energy and Tourism Committee) - Peter McGregor
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
 
Description Oral Evidence: Scottish Parliament (Finance Committee) - Angus Armstrong, David Bell, Katerina Lisenkova
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
 
Description Oral Evidence: Scottish Parliament Economy, Energy and Tourism Committee - Michael Keating 7-5-14
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
 
Description Oral Evidence: Scottish Parliament European and External Affairs Committee - Michael Keating (5-2-13)
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
 
Description Oral Evidence: Scottish Parliament Finance Committee "away day" - Michael Keating 30-3-15
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
 
Description Oral Evidence: Scottish Parliament Finance Committee - Michael Keating 20-5-15
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
 
Description Oral and Written Evidence: House of Lords Select Committee on the Constitution - Michael Keating (9-2-15)
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
 
Description Oral and Written Evidence: Scottish Parliament Devolution (Further Powers) Committee - Michael Keating 11-12-14
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
 
Description Oral evidence to House of Lords Select Committee on the Constitution - Michael Keating, 11-12-15
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
 
Description Oral evidence to devolution committee of Parliament
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
 
Description Oral evidence: House of Commons Scottish Affairs Committee - Angus Armstrong, David Bell
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
 
Description Oral evidence: House of Lords Select Committe on "Scottish independence: constitutional implications for the rest of the UK" - Michael Keating /Stephen Tierney
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
 
Description Oral evidence: Scottish Parliament Finance Committee - Katerina Lisenkova
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
 
Description Participated in an Institute of Government event with high level civil servants on Responding to the Binham Report: developing IGR in a post-referendum UK (14 July 2015)
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
 
Description Participation in discussions and negotiation of written agreement on intergovernmental relations between Scottish Government and Scottish Parliament, agreement informed by recommendations made in commissioned report (Jan 2016)
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
Impact The Agreement has helped to increase the scrutiny and accountability of intergovernmental relations within Scotland. It has also been discussed by parliamentary committees in Wales and Westminster, with a view to developing equivalent arrangements to support legislative scrutiny of their respective governments in the area of intergovernmental relations.
URL https://www.gov.scot/publications/igr-agr-scotparl-scotgov/
 
Description Presentation of report to Devolution (Further Powers) Committee of the Scottish Parliament "Intergovernmental Relations & Parliamentary Scrutiny" (24 September 2015)
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
URL http://www.scottish.parliament.uk/2015.09.30_IGR_External_Research_Report_FINAL.pdf
 
Description Presentation on intergovernmental relations for delegation of Bosnian politicians (29/01/2016)
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
 
Description Private meeting with Scottish Government officials on new welfare powers (20 April 2015)
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
 
Description Private workshop with UK and Scottish government officials, academics, and civil society on welfare (April 2016)
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
 
Description Provided briefing material in advance of the visit of the Devolution (Further Powers) Committee to Spain
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
Impact Parliamentarians were offered an insight into the workings of a comparable state and have used this to inform their own work on intergovernmental relations within the UK.
URL http://www.scottish.parliament.uk/Spain_Report.pdf
 
Description Quoted by UK parliamentarians during their inquiry into intergovernmnetal relations
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
URL http://www.parliament.uk/documents/lords-committees/constitution/inter-gov-relations/EvidencevolumeI...
 
Description Quoted in Scottish Government news item entitled 'Rallying call on new powers for Scotland' (24 June 2015)
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
URL http://news.scotland.gov.uk/News/Rallying-call-on-new-powers-for-Scotland-1a71.aspx
 
Description RSE Evidence: Scottish Parliament Finance Committee - Michael Keating 19-3-15
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
 
Description Referenced multiple times in Commons Procedure Committee report (HC 189, 2016-17)
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
URL http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201617/cmselect/cmproced/189/189.pdf
 
Description Referenced multiple times in Constitution Committee (Lords select committee) report
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
URL http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld201617/ldselect/ldconst/61/61.pdf
 
Description Research cited in Scottish Parliament Welfare Reform Committee Meeting (13 January 2015)
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
URL http://www.scottish.parliament.uk/parliamentarybusiness/CurrentCommittees/46339.aspx
 
Description Scottish Attitudes post devolution: Lecture to Welsh Governance Centre visit to Edinburgh
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact Scottish Attitudes post devolution. Lecture delivered to the Welsh Governance Centre at their visit to the Centre on Constitutional Change in Edinburgh
 
Description Scottish Government talk
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
 
Description Seminar with members of the UK Public Administration and Constitutional Affairs Committee
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
Impact Seminar with the committee hosted by the centre on Constitutional Change. 14 March 2016
 
Description Submission of supplementary written evidence to House of Lords Constitution Committee Union and Devolution Inquiry (December 2015)
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
URL http://www.parliament.uk/documents/lords-committees/constitution/inter-gov-relations/EvidencevolumeI...
 
Description Witness in House of Lords Constitution Committee inquiry on the Union and Devolution (11 November 2015)
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
URL http://data.parliament.uk/writtenevidence/committeeevidence.svc/evidencedocument/constitution-commit...
 
Description Workshop with UK and Scottish civil servants on intergovernmental relations (Nov 2016)
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
 
Description Written & Oral Evidence: Scottish Parliament Committee on Devolution (further powers) - Michael Keating 19-3-15
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
 
Description Written Evidence to House of Lords Select Committee: Scottish Independence: Constitutional implications for the rest of the UK - Stephen Tierney
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
 
Description Written Evidence to Scottish Parliament European and External Affairs Committee - Michael Keating, 1-9-15
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
 
Description Written Evidence to Scottish Parliament: Accession of an independent Scotland to EU - Stephen Tierney
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
URL http://www.scottish.parliament.uk/S4_EuropeanandExternalRelationsCommittee/Inquiries/04_Prof_Stephen...
 
Description Written Evidence: Scottish Parliament Economy, Energy and Tourism Committee - Michael Keating 1-14
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
 
Description Written and oral evidence to the Finance Committee of the Scottish Parliament (29 April 2015)
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
URL http://www.scottish.parliament.uk/S4_FinanceCommittee/Reports/fir15-12w.pdf
 
Description Written and oral evidence to the Welfare Committee of the Scottish Parlament
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
 
Description Written evidence to House of Lords Select Committee on the Constitution - Michael Keating 1-9-15
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
 
Description Written evidence to Scottish Parliament (EEAC): White Paper Reflection: Defence - Colin Fleming
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
 
Description Written evidence to Scottish Parliament: Political Economy of Small States - Michael Keating
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
 
Description Written evidence to Scottish Parliament: White Paper Reflection: Defence - Colin Fleming
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
URL http://www.scottish.parliament.uk/S4_EuropeanandExternalRelationsCommittee/Meeting%20Papers/Papers_f...
 
Description Written evidence to the EEA of the Scottish Parliament: Scotland and the EU after independence - Micheal Keating
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
 
Description David Hume Institute Research Awards
Amount £17,000 (GBP)
Organisation David Hume Institute 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United Kingdom
Start 06/2014 
End 10/2014
 
Description Fiscal issues in implementing the Smith Commission proposals and further devolution
Amount £29,980 (GBP)
Funding ID ECO/42328 
Organisation Nuffield Foundation 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2015 
End 02/2016
 
Description Future of the UK and Scotland
Amount £50,000 (GBP)
Organisation Economic and Social Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 03/2014 
End 03/2016
 
Description Horizon2020 (Cairney and Keating as CI)
Amount € 4,800,000 (EUR)
Funding ID IMAJINE 
Organisation European Commission 
Department Horizon 2020
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 01/2016 
End 12/2022
 
Title Bi-regional Scotland-rest of the UK Social Accounting Matrix 
Description The bi-regional Scotland-RUK SAM has been developed through the ESRC Future of the UK and Scotland Initiative (Ref: ES/L003325/1)). This is based on a UK Industry by Industry (IxI) analytical Input-Output Table. Unfortunately, the UK Office for National Statistics (ONS) does not supply the Input-Output accounts for the UK in this form. Furthermore, ONS does not give access to a full set of Supply and Use tables that would enable the straightforward construction of the IxI table. The ONS only publishes a full Product by Product (PxP) IO table, a Use table and an incomplete Supply Table, where some of the entries are suppressed due to confidentiality issues. The second step is to construct the SAM for Scotland. The starting point is the 2010 Input-Output Table for Scotland produced by the Scottish Government. Data from the households and government income accounts given by the Scottish National Accounts Programme are used to fill the sub-matrices of the SAM. These sources are sufficient to obtain a detailed SAM. However, the lack of data on the secondary distribution processes inhibits a proper assembly of the sub matrix of income transfers between institutions as against what is available for the UK. Therefore, where the information coming from the Scottish sources described above is not sufficient to split payments and receipts among institutions, we use shares derived from the UK SAM to determine the missing values. Data available for download are the following: The Scottish SAM , The UK analytical Table , The UK SAM , and the Scot-RUK SAM . 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2019 
Provided To Others? Yes  
 
Title Risk and Constitutional Attitudes survey 
Description This is a two wave survey of adults (age 16+) eligible to vote in the 2014 Scottish referendum. Fieldwork was conducted by ICM three months before and three months after the 2014 Scottish independence referendum and included several survey experiments about risk tolerance, risk awareness and risk mitigating behaviours before and after the referendum. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2014 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact The dataset provides us with essential information about the role of risk in vote choice during the 2014 Scottish referendum.Prior to completion of the award the dataset will be lodged with the UK Data Archive. 
 
Title Scottish Independence - Business Attitudes 
Description New dataset on the attitudes of Scottish businesses towards a variety of issues associated with independence. Conducted in conjunction with the Scottish Chambers of Commerce. Two waves of data collected, each comprising around 850 responses. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact Papers on business attitudes to constitutional change in Scotland that were influential in the debate around the economic implications of Scottish independence. 
URL http://www.scottishchambers.org.uk/userfiles/files/SCC%20Constitutional%20Survey.pdf
 
Title Scottish Independence - Individual Attitudes to Constitutional Change 
Description Individual responses to questionnaire on attitudes to constitutional change, personal and behavioural characteristics carried out by YouGov in December 2013. Sample size 2200. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact Collection of further attitudinal datasets by the Scottish Centre on Constitutional Change to examine what changes in the external environment triggered changes to voting intentions and outcomes. 
URL http://futureukandscotland.ac.uk/sites/default/files/papers/Citizen%20Preferences%20for%20Constituti...
 
Title Scottish microsimulation model 
Description This microsimulation model is based on the ESRC longitudinal survey known as Understanding Society and the Family Resources Surve y which is carried out by the Department for Work and Pensions. It is intended to provide static and dynamic microsimulation evidence of the implications of changing Scotland's new tax and benefit powers. It is written in Liam2, a software development platform for microsimulation, which has been developed at the Belgian Planning Ministry. 
Type Of Material Computer model/algorithm 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact Invitation to provide a keynote speech at the Understanding Society annual conference 2015. Analysis of party proposals for the 2016 Scottish election involving, for the first time, suggestions for changes to income tax rates and bands. A blog, based on the model, describing the progressive nature of the Labour Party's proposal to raise the Scottish rate of income tax is referenced in the URL below. 
URL http://www.scotfes.com
 
Title Smith survey 
Description This dataset is composed of a single wave survey of adults (age 16+) in Scotland. It was conducted in October 2014 to examine awareness of the Smith commission as well as attitudes to constitutional change after the referendum. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact Findings from the survey were summarised in a report as well as a journal article (Henderson, Lineira and Jeffery, Political Quarterly) and were submitted to the Smith Commission during its deliberations. 
 
Description Adviser (Welfare) to Devolution (Further Powers) Committee, Scottish Parliament 
Organisation Scottish Parliament
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Nicola McEwen was appointed as Adviser to the Devolution (Further Powers) committee between January - April 2015, providing advice on the welfare powers included within the Smith Commission Report and the draft Scotland Bill. Nicola was a named advisor in the Committee's report New Powers for Scotland: An Interim Report on the Smith Commission and the UK Government's Proposals (3rd report) In this first appointment to the committee, her advice focused on examining the scope and implications of the new welfare powers. She provided regular briefings for clerks and members of the committee, helped committee members prepare for questioning witnesses, provided analysis of witness testimony and draft legislative clauses, and contributed to the drafting of the committee's interim report.
Collaborator Contribution The Committee invited Nicola McEwen and other members of the Centre on Constitutional Change to give evidence on the topic, before appointing her as adviser. The committee included Nicola in their deliberations, providing valuable insight into the parliamentary process.
Impact Report: New Powers for Scotland: An Interim Report on the Smith Commission and the UK Government's Proposals http://www.scottish.parliament.uk/parliamentarybusiness/CurrentCommittees/89474.aspx# Renewal of partnership for Committee (focusing on intergovernmental relations)
Start Year 2015
 
Description Adviser on Intergovernmental Relations to the Scottish Parliament Devolution (Further Powers) Committee 
Organisation Scottish Parliament
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Nicola McEwen was appointed as Adviser to the Devolution (Further Powers) committee. In this second appointment to the committee, her advice focused on intergovernmental relations and their relationship with Scottish constitutional change. She provided regular briefings for clerks and members of the committee, helped committee members prepare for questioning witnesses, provided analysis of witness testimony and ongoing government positions, helped draft an agreement between the Scottish Parliament and the Scottish Government on parliamentary scrutiny of IGR, and contributed to the drafting of three committee reports. She also conducted an independent piece of research commissioned by the committee addressing intergovernmental relations and parliamentary scrutiny (a £5000 consultancy fee was paid to the University of Edinburgh for this aspect of the work). This led to a 50 page report, entitled 'Intergovernmental Relations and Parliamentary Scrutiny: A comparative overview', which in turn informed the committee's own publication, 'Changing Relationships: Parliamentary Scrutiny of Intergovernmental Relations'. The Centre on Constitutional Change also hosted an away-day for members of the committee in which relevant experts were brought in to talk about parliamentary scrutiny in Belgium, Spain, and Canada. She also organised an event in parliament, chaired by the committee convener, which formed part of an academic conference session and helped connect MSPs with academics.
Collaborator Contribution The committee met regularly with Nicola McEwen, and included her in their deliberations. The committee clerks, other parliamentary staff and the committee convener also helped Nicola with sponsorship, planning and organisation of the academic-practitioner event on constitutional change at the Scottish Parliament.
Impact McEwen, N, B Petersohn and C Brown Swan, 2015, Intergovernmental Relations and Parliamentary Scrutiny: A comparative overview - publication submitted to the Scottish Parliament Devolution (Further Powers) Committee Devolution (Further Powers) Committee, 8th Report, 2015 (Session 4): Changing Relationships: Parliamentary Scrutiny of Intergovernmental Relations (impact) Devolution (Further Powers) Committee, 3rd Report, 2015 (Session 4): New Powers for Scotland: An Interim Report on the Smith Commission and the UK Government's Proposals (impact)
Start Year 2015
 
Description BA /RSE seminar/ lecture series "Enlightening the Constitutional Debate" 
Organisation Royal Society of Edinburgh (RSE)
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Series of seminars and lectures held in Edinburgh and London with contributions from Future of UK and Scotland fellows.
Collaborator Contribution Contributions to organisation and speakers at seminars.
Impact Ongoing engagement with public through public meetings co-hosted by both organisations.
Start Year 2013
 
Description BA /RSE seminar/ lecture series "Enlightening the Constitutional Debate" 
Organisation The British Academy
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Series of seminars and lectures held in Edinburgh and London with contributions from Future of UK and Scotland fellows.
Collaborator Contribution Contributions to organisation and speakers at seminars.
Impact Ongoing engagement with public through public meetings co-hosted by both organisations.
Start Year 2013
 
Description Bolzano Summer School (June 2017) 
Organisation European Academy Bolzano EURAC
Country Italy 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Partnership between Centre on Constitutional Change, Professor Alain Gagnon, Canada Research Chair, to convene, co-design and participate in the delivery of PhD summer school on nationalism and territorial politics.
Collaborator Contribution Partner leads on funding and delivery of summer school.
Impact The collaboration generates biennial summer schools for doctoral students and ECRs, combining the fields of political science and constitutional law.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Discussion/consultation forum with Department for Works and Pensions 
Organisation Department for Work and Pensions
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Nicola McEwen organised meeting to facilitate collaborative discussion between academics and civil servants from the UK Government Dept of Work and Pensions to discuss development of their Scotland Analysis paper.
Start Year 2013
 
Description Partnership with Workers Educational Association Scotland 
Organisation Workers' Educational Association
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Worked with WEA Scotland to deliver a series knowledge exchange workshops in Glasgow, Edinburgh, Aberdeen and Inverness in advance of the referendum on Scottish independence
Collaborator Contribution Partners helped us to reach 'hard to reach' voters, and put us in contact with local WEA groups.
Impact public engagement events
Start Year 2014
 
Description Research Visits at the University of Ottawa 
Organisation University of Ottawa
Country Canada 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Two research visits made by Dr Katerina Lisenkova in October 2013 at the University of Ottawa.
Start Year 2013
 
Description Roundtable Discussions - Michael Keating 23-6-14 
Organisation Cabinet Office
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Participation in roundtable discussions on Balance of Competences in UK constitutional framework.
Collaborator Contribution Participation in roundtable discussions on Balance of Competences in UK constitutional framework.
Impact Maintained relations between SCCC and UK Government.
Start Year 2014
 
Description Scottish Independence - Collaboration with Scottish Chambers of Commerce 
Organisation Scottish Chambers of Commerce
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Collection and analysis of data
Collaborator Contribution Contact with individual businesses to encourage a high response rate
Impact Collaboration has resulted in the collection of a new survey on business attitudes to constitutional change. Collaboration also involved the dissemination of results from the survey both to the general public and to business audiences.
Start Year 2013
 
Description Stakeholder meeting with DWP officials 
Organisation Department for Work and Pensions
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Stakeholder engagement: Nicola McEwen convened a second meeting with officials from the UK Department of Work and Pensions, to discuss the further development of the Scotland Analysis paper on UK social security and independence.
Start Year 2014
 
Description Stirling University Institute for Fiscal Studies co-operation 
Organisation Institute for Fiscal Studies
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Analysis of the fiscal framework in the Scotland Bill 2015
Collaborator Contribution Technical analysis of funding formulae; writing of research papers
Impact Joint publication: Bell,D.N.F. Eiser,D. and Phillips, D. (2015) Adjusting Scotland's Block Grant for new Tax and Welfare Powers: Assessing the Options Available at: http://www.ifs.org.uk/publications/8062
Start Year 2015
 
Description 'Beyond the Referendum: A Supreme Court for Scotland' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact The Scottish Public Law Group and the Edinburgh Centre for Constitutional Law organised this joint seminar. 'Beyond the Referendum: a Supreme Court for Scotland' considered the future of the Supreme Court tier in the event of either a 'Yes' or a 'No' vote in the forthcoming Independence Referendum.

This seminar featured contributions from Professor Neil Walker (Edinburgh Law School), Professor Aileen McHarg (Strathclyde Law School), Anna Poole QC (Faculty of Advocates), and Christine O'Neill (Chairman of Brodies LLP). In Part One of the evening, there was consideration of the jurisdiction of a Scottish Supreme Court both in the 'interim constitution', and in the aftermath of a constitutional convention, in the event of a YES vote. Part Two looked at how the jurisdiction of the UK Supreme Court might evolve, taking into account the Scotland Act 2012, and how that court's jurisprudence might continue to develop Scots law, in the event of a NO vote.


It stimulated thinking and informed Tierney's research on what independence would mean, informing his publications in this area.
It also informed lawyers, judges and others in thinking about the judicial systems of the UK in light of possible constitutional change.
It also advanced collaboration with The Scottish Public Law Group and the Edinburgh Centre for Constitutional Law of which Tierney is a coordinator and director respectively.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://splg.co.uk/beyond-the-referendum-a-supreme-court-for-scotland/
 
Description Nicola Sturgeon, MSP and Deputy First Minister of Scotland, spoke on 'The Constitutional Future of an Independent Scotland', 16 June 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Talk sparked questions and discussions about Scotland's constitutional future.
it was attended by over 200 people in the Playfair Library. It was introduced by the Principal of the University.

The talk attracted widespread media - see coverage by the BBC and the Scotsman:
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-scotland-27872478
http://www.scotsman.com/news/politics/top-stories/scots-views-sought-on-declaration-of-independence-1-3445623
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.scottishindependenceaudit.ed.ac.uk/events
 
Description "If No" conference: speaker - Michael Keating 24-8-14 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Discussion of "Perspectives for Scotland in the event of a No vote in the referendum".

Better knowledge of the potential outcomes of the referendum, informed public.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description "Risk and Attitudes to Constitutional Change". Media Briefing for the Political Studies Association 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact "Risk and Attitudes to Constitutional Change". Media Briefing for the Political Studies Association, London, June
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description "Scottish Attitudes to Constitutional Change After the Referendum" 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact "Scottish Attitudes to Constitutional Change After the Referendum". Lecture to Welsh Governance Centre Visit to Edinburgh, December
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description "Scottish Attitudes to Constitutional Change After the Referendum" 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact "Scottish Attitudes to Constitutional Change After the Referendum". Lecture to Welsh Governance Centre Visit to Edinburgh, December
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description "The Big Idea" Podcast on the Scottish Referendum, University of Edinburgh 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The Big Idea Podcast on the Scottish Referendum, University of Edinburgh
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description "The Future of Engagement" Roundtable, Holyrood Magazine, Edinburgh 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact "The Future of Engagement" Roundtable, Holyrood Magazine, Edinburgh
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description "The Imagined Electorate: Values, Perceived Boundaries and the Regional Rehabilitation of Political Culture" 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact "The Imagined Electorate: Values, Perceived Boundaries and the Regional Rehabilitation of Political Culture" Inaugural Lecture, Edinburgh, December
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description 'A Just Scotland: fiscal sustainability and income inequality' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact David Comerford and David Eiser participated in this small conference at the Scottish Trades Union Congress (STAC). David Comerford asked a highly topical question: is the IFS report consistent with the Scotland's Future White Paper? David Eister then presented on Income Inequality in Scotland. Further information can be accessed in the following link: http://stucbetterway.blogspot.co.uk/2013/12/a-just-scotland-fiscal-sustainability.html

Further information can be accessed in the following link: http://stucbetterway.blogspot.co.uk/2013/12/a-just-scotland-fiscal-sustainability.html
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://stucbetterway.blogspot.co.uk/2013/12/a-just-scotland-fiscal-sustainability.html
 
Description 'A Partnership of Equals' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Blog entry at The University of Edinburgh Referendum Blog.

Raised awareness of and increased engagement with referendum blog, and my research.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.referendum.ed.ac.uk/a-partnership-of-equals/
 
Description 'A Partnership of Equals' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Blog entry at The University of Edinburgh Referendum Blog.

Promoted understanding of independence referendum to a wide public audience; raised public awareness of and increased engagement with the referendum blog and the ESRC Future of the UK and Scotland programme.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.referendum.ed.ac.uk/a-partnership-of-equals/
 
Description 'Ageing population 'a central issue'' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Dr Lisenkova's research findings were quoted in this piece in the Stornoway Gazette.

'Ageing population 'a central issue''
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.stornowaygazette.co.uk/news/scottish-headlines/ageing-population-a-central-issue-1-322112...
 
Description 'Ageing population 'major issue regardless of referendum' says study' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Dr Lisenkova was quoted in this piece on the STV News website.

Raised public awareness of the ESRC Future of the UK and Scotland programme and increased engagement with our research. Subsequent media requests.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description 'Ageing should not be key issue in Scots vote, says think-tank' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Dr Katerina Lisenkova was quoted in this piece in the Financial Times.

'Ageing should not be key issue in Scots vote, says think-tank'
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.ft.com/cms/s/0/0b924e6c-5d0b-11e3-a558-00144feabdc0.html#axzz2wWitZ8kb
 
Description 'Balanced budget current and capital government expenditure: the likely impact of greater fiscal autonomy for Scotland' 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Patrizio Lecca and Kim Swales gave this presentation at a staff seminar for the Economic Divison at Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh.

It raised awareness of the ESRC Future of the UK and Scotland programme and increased interest and exchange with the research of the presenters.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description 'Between Autonomy and Interdependence: Scottish Independence and Intergovernmental Co-ordination' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation keynote/invited speaker
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Keynote presentation at ESRC conference on the Future of the UK and Scotland, Westminster Parliament. Raised awareness of and increased engagement with ESRC Future of the UK and Scotland programme, through website, twitter feed, etc. Subsequent invitations.

My talk sparked questions and discussions with audience.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://www.aog.ed.ac.uk/__data/assets/pdf_file/0007/126457/McEwen_ESRC_conference_June_2013.pdf
 
Description 'Case for Scottish independence boosted by more optimistic economic forecasts' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Dr Lisenkova's research findings were cited in this piece in The Guardian.

'Case for Scottish independence boosted by more optimistic economic forecasts'
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.theguardian.com/politics/2013/dec/05/scottish-independence-boosted-cost-green-energy-refo...
 
Description 'Countries, Regions and Costs of Independence' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Lecture delivered by David Comerford at the Business School of the University of Strathclyde.

Promoted understanding of independence referendum; raised awareness of and increased engagement with ESRC Future of the UK and Scotland programme through website, twitter feed etc.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description 'Cross-Border Collaboration: Challenges and Opportunities' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Invited guest speaker, to give a talk on 'Embedded independence? Examining the Territorial Objectives of the Scottish Government in the 2014 Referendum', School of Geography, Politics and Sociology, Newcastle University.

Raised public awareness of and increased engagement with ESRC Future of the UK and Scotland programme and of Nicola McEwen's research. Invitations to subsequent events on cross-border issues followed from this presentation.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description 'Cross-Border Collaboration: Challenges and Opportunities' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Invited guest speaker, to give a talk on 'Embedded independence? Examining the Territorial Objectives of the Scottish Government in the 2014 Referendum', School of Geography, Politics and Sociology, Newcastle University.

Raised awareness of and increased engagement with ESRC Future of the UK and Scotland programme, through website, twitter feed, etc.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description 'Debt - More Clarity Needed' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Blog entry by David Bell analysing the White Paper's two methods to calculate Scotland's debt after independence.

Promoted understanding of independence referendum to a wide public audience; raised public awareness of and increased engagement with the referendum blog and the ESRC Future of the UK and Scotland website.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description 'Energy Independence and Interdependence: the Scottish Context' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation keynote/invited speaker
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Keynote presentation at Global Energy Systems Conference, Our Dynamic Earth, Edinburgh. Talk sparked questions and discussion.

Event helped me raise my profile in the energy field, leading to subsequent invitations.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://www.aog.ed.ac.uk/__data/assets/pdf_file/0009/126459/Presentation_Global_Energy_conference,_Ju...
 
Description 'Estimating Scotland's Spending Needs' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Blog entry by David Eiser describing recent research which estimates Scotland's relative spending need for devolved public services to be about 6% higher than for the UK as a whole.

Promoted understanding of independence referendum to a wide public audience; raised public awareness of and increased engagement with the referendum blog and the ESRC Future of the UK and Scotland website.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description 'Fair, Lawful and Democratic?' Assessing the Scottish Independence Referendum, 17 October 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact This roundtable discussion evaluated the referendum process of 18 September. Aspects addressed included participation, including voter registration, turnout and information provided to voters, as well as deliberation, including funding and spending rules, the role of the main campaign organisations, campaign rules and media and civil society engagement.

Its main aim was to follow up on the workshop of 2013 and assess how the legislation governing the referendum had operated and whether it had resulted in a fair, lawful and democratic referendum.

It also assessed UK referendum law to establish if the Scottish process offered lessons in good or bad practice.

Its main aim was to follow up on the workshop of 2013 and assess how the legislation governing the referendum had operated and whether it had resulted in a fair, lawful and democratic referendum.

It also assessed UK referendum law to establish if the Scottish process offered lessons in good or bad practice.

It was attended by the Electoral Commissioner for Scotland, the office of the Chief Returning Officer, and senior officials from the UK and Scottish Governments and Parliaments.

The referendum process is now acknowledged to have been lawful, democratic and fair. The legislation passed to facilitate it is widely considered to have been a success.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.scottishindependenceaudit.ed.ac.uk/events
 
Description 'In Bed with an Elephant? Exploring Scottish-UK Relations after Independence' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation keynote/invited speaker
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Keynote presentation at ESRC conference on the Future of the UK and Scotland, Edinburgh. Raised profile of research programme and my own research. Talk sparked key questions and discussion.

Increased engagement with programme website, twitter feed, etc. Subsequent invitations.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://www.aog.ed.ac.uk/__data/assets/pdf_file/0008/126458/McEwen_ESRC_conference_May_2013.pdf
 
Description 'In-out shake it all about' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Article on implications of debate on UK's future in the EU on the issue of Scottish independence. Op ed in 'The Scotsman'.

'In-out shake it all about'
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.scotsman.com/news/nicola-mcewen-in-out-shake-it-all-about-1-2927638
 
Description 'Migration fears over economy' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Dr Lisenkova was quoted in this piece in the Herald Scotland.

'Migration fears over economy'
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.heraldscotland.com/politics/wider-political-news/migration-fears-over-economy.23012810
 
Description 'NHS Scotland 'forcing nurses to work for free'' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Dr Lisenkova was quoted in this piece in The Scotsman.

'NHS Scotland 'forcing nurses to work for free''
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.scotsman.com/news/health/nhs-scotland-forcing-nurses-to-work-for-free-1-3221040
 
Description 'Nationalism and Globalisation: New Settings, New Challenges' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation workshop facilitator
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact The Symposium was inter-disciplinary, bringing together constitutional theorists, international lawyers, political theorists and political scientists in order that insights might be shared across three rich strands of recent work. It discussed issues concerning the continuing salience of nationalism around the world, informing the Fellowship's strand in understanding what 'independence' means.

It is intended that the Symposium will lead to an edited collection of papers with a world leading publisher.






Will result in a book edited by Stephen Tierney and published by Hart Publishing, one of the UK's leading law publishers, in 2015.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://www.scottishindependenceaudit.ed.ac.uk/events
 
Description 'Not the DVLA question. Cross-Border Governance after Independence' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Blog entry at The University of Edinburgh Referendum Blog.

Raised awareness of and increased engagement with my research and the referendum blog.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://www.referendum.ed.ac.uk/not-the-dvla-question-cross-border-governance-after-independence/
 
Description 'Not the DVLA question. Cross-Border Governance after Independence' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Blog entry at The University of Edinburgh Referendum Blog.

Promoted understanding of independence referendum to a wide public audience; raised public awareness of and increased engagement with the referendum blog.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://www.referendum.ed.ac.uk/not-the-dvla-question-cross-border-governance-after-independence/
 
Description 'Partnership after Independence' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Op ed in 'Scotland on Sunday'

'Partnership after Independence'
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.scotsman.com/news/nicola-mcewen-partnership-after-independence-1-3051194
 
Description 'Partnership after Independence' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Blog entry at the Future of UK and Scotland's website.

Raised awareness of and increased engagement with ESRC Future of the UK and Scotland programme and of my research, through website, twitter feed, etc.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://www.futureukandscotland.ac.uk/blog/partnership-after-independence
 
Description 'SNP must set out their welfare vision' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Op ed in The Scotsman.

'SNP must set out their welfare vision'
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.scotsman.com/news/nicola-mcewen-snp-must-set-out-their-welfare-vision-1-2963031
 
Description 'Scottish Independence: Debts and Assets' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Blog entry made by David Bell on the level of debt and how an independent Scottish Government would deal with it.

Promoted understanding of independence referendum to a wide public audience; raised public awareness of and increased engagement with the referendum blog and the ESRC Future of the UK and Scotland website.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description 'The White Paper vs the IFS' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Blog entry by David Comerford comparing the optimistic assessment of Scotland's economy from the Scottish Government against the negative assessment from the Institute for Fiscal Studies.

Promoted understanding of independence referendum to a wide public audience; raised public awareness of and increased engagement with the referendum blog and the ESRC Future of the UK and Scotland website.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description 'The new poll tax? The bedroom tax, welfare reform and independence' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Blog entry at the University of Edinburgh Referendum Blog.

Raised awareness of and increased engagement with my research, through website, twitter feed, etc.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://www.referendum.ed.ac.uk/the-new-poll-tax-the-bedroom-tax-welfare-reform-and-independence/