FAPESP-ESRC-NWO Joint Call Sustainable Urban Development Resilience and vulnerability at the urban Nexus of food, water, energy and the environment

Lead Research Organisation: University of Sussex
Department Name: University of Sussex Business School

Abstract

Cities are complex networked spaces. Due to rural-urban migration and climate change, augmented by other pressures (e.g. from 'global' markets), provisioning of many basic services and commodities such as food, water and energy requires constant adaptation and reform. With increased demand on these services, there are urgent needs to improve access in an equitable way, increase efficiency of use, and to preserve the ecosystems that support the natural resources upon which these services depend. However, mainstream interventions aimed at creating 'resilient' urban food, water and energy systems' are associated with a number of critical challenges. These are the focus of our research.
First, access to key services is unevenly distributed among city dwellers. With vulnerability (understood as 'the inability of an individual or group to cope with adversities), being experienced by the urban poor more acutely than other social classes Both poverty and vulnerability may be exacerbated by the unequal provisioning of key services.
Second, the material flows and infrastructures involved in provisioning basic services are deeply interdependent. This interdependence has recently gained considerable international policy attention under the rubric of the 'Nexus' of food, water, energy and the environment/climate. Associated with the Nexus are, a) trade-offs such as those encountered in water use for provisioning bio-energy instead of food; b) aggravations when one sector's problems (such as water pollution) impair others (e.g. food provision); and c) synergies that arise, for example, when removing a barrier to energy access streamlines flows of food and/or water. Our research examines how these three sets of challenges interact. For example how vulnerability to water contamination may be exacerbated by vulnerability to hunger and lack of access to energy. We will explore how any new vulnerabilities engendered by a social, technological or ecological 'events' interact with existing forms of insecurity and injustice. For instance, squatters cultivating a peri-urban riverbed for their own food provision may be most directly affected by cyclical flooding. Specifically the project aims to:
1.Examine how vulnerabilities within urban communities are co-constituted with the trade-offs (the use of a resource for one service reducing availability for another e.g water use for bioenergy affecting food production) and aggravations (the problems in one sector affecting another - e.g water pollution affecting food) at the food, water and environment nexus, in three highly-dynamic cities in East Africa, Brazil and Europe.
2. Utilise dynamic maps of vulnerabilities amongst urban populations to inform resilience-building efforts led by public policy and other practitioners. In particular to examine opportunities for urban governance to exploit the synergies (e.g when removing barriers to energy access improves flows of food and water) of the urban Nexus, and reconfigure the trade-offs towards both resilience and equity.
Focussing on access to infrastructures and resource flows by the urban poor in three mid-sized cities in East Africa, Brazil and Eastern Europe, the project engages with the two policy areas of 'poverty, inequality and vulnerability' and 'infrastructure and the built environment'. Through participatory vision-building workshops and inter-city exchanges of policymakers and NGO representatives, the project attempts to involve these expected beneficiaries directly in the research process. Placing central importance on users' practices and their (re)connection with policy-led interventions. Our 'ecology of practice' approach will ultimately contribute new insights into the deepening of democracy in urban governance. To facilitate broad-based communication, the project's key research outputs (frames, methodologies, findings) will be converted into policy briefs, blog posts, anonymized digital archives and teaching materials for schools.

Planned Impact

The project is designed with societal, policy and research impact in mind. The target audiences of the project include local authorities, the urban poor and other practitioners (such as engineers and NGOs) and researchers. Societally, the primary beneficiaries of the project are expected to be urban practitioners (policy-makers/planners, engineers/designers, service providers, NGOs, and poor end-users). By placing central importance on users' practices in governance of the urban Nexus, the project will provide new insights on how to deepen the democratisation of urban governance in practice. Through that and other core project activities, we aim to meaningfully engage with policymakers and help design governance strategies that better reflect the complexity of the urban Nexus and are better connected with practices of end-users. In this way, we aim to contribute to the reduction of urban vulnerabilities and related poverty issues in the three cities studied, while consolidating insights to improve pro-poor urban governance in other cities worldwide. We will also work with NGOs and academic bodies in the three cities to identify ways to sustain the dialogue and collaboration (in the long-run) between policy practitioners and (poorer) end-users, stimulated through the participatory vision-building workshops.

The vision-building workshops we aim to organise in each city for relevant practitioners (e.g., planners, engineers, implementers, NGOs, end users) will enable co-production of knowledge through the a) exchange of knowledge and experience about the urban nexuses of basic services and the implications for vulnerability, and b) identifying new pathways of (re)connecting their strategies with practices of end-users of basic services. In addition, we will organise a workshop with ICLEI in Brazil, during which we will provide guidance for stakeholders on how to fully exploit the outputs of the project and test our impact strategy.

To reach daily users, we will collaborate with local journalists to publish articles in local-language newspapers and maintain a webpage which will host blogs, interview responses, videos, photographs and alternative practices in chosen geographic sites. This material will be clearly organised by location, as well as by topic and date, and readers' comments on the blogs encouraged (and monitored). Creating such interactive data platforms responds to a new phase of media literacy for stakeholders and provides innovative ways of communicating research methods and results to stakeholder communities. The integrated use of document study, shadowing and participatory vision-building will permit an innovative collation and presentation of layers of research output, made freely available to stakeholder communities (for example public schools) on the project's webpage. This dissemination strategy provides tools for more inclusive and collaborative governance, with the aim of enhancing social justice and building resilience for sustainable urban development.

To engage with the academic community (especially in the areas of urban governance, development studies, science and technology studies and human geography, we will organise a final conference on 'Nexuses of Sustainable Urban Development' at WU for about 80 researchers; we will present our findings at, at least, 3 international conferences; and publish 2 articles in open access journals. In addition, all resources will be made openly available after the due process of ethical review.

Publications

10 25 50
 
Title World Café youtube video 
Description The short video was produced by the project researchers and aims to disseminate the activities and outcomes from a World Café discussion from 20/04/2017 with local practitioners on the water and food nexus in the neighbourhood where fieldwork is being carried out. 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2017 
Impact Since the publication of the video the number of people interested in the topic and in taking part in the project and the initiatives that are being studied (such as urban farming) has increased. 
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kkc-PjqVSRM
 
Description Vulnerability mapping has revealed the weakest link in the WEF Nexus to be access to and affordability of energy for cooking and water purification in Kampala's informal settlements. Problems with access to and affordability of charcoal result in energy conservation strategies that lead to trade-offs in water quality and intake of high-nutrition foods. Households scale back on boiling water and preparing energy-consuming yet nutrient-rich foods such as beans. Other factors determining vulnerability at the WEF nexus include old age, unemployment and large numbers of dependents. Along with the challenges emerging from the WEFE Nexus there are emergent points of resilience as well such as the awareness among most households of briquettes as an alternative to charcoal use, the strong social capital base on which households rely to cope with challenges such as the borrowing of food from neighbors, getting charcoal on credit and the use of wood chippings from construction sites and timber workshops for cooking. In Brazil analysis and dialogue around nexus contradictory and nexus synergistic social practices has been a highlight. Contradictions include purchase of processed and ultra-processed foods; Displacements for food purchases and Illegal connections of electricity whilst synergistic practices include particular approaches to local food production; Household water storage; Use of rainwater and rationalization of water use; Recycling of materials and Alternatives for the lighting of public space.
In the case of Sofia 4 key institutional factors were identified that that
create vulnerabilities for specific groups or create challenges to the
Successful delivery of the sort of nexus approaches that can
contribute to sustainable cities. These were identified in the provisioning of food, water, energy and the environment: affordability, complexity, unevenness, and thinking and acting in silos. In the examined practices of urban farming, making zimnina (preserving food for the winter) and energy provisioning, the key resource which dictated the provisioning of food, water and the environment is energy. Key elements of the enabling environment for the three social practices studied include space and transport. The connection between urban farming, zimnina provisioning and heating is much more prominent in the case of permanently vulnerable groups, like pensioners. They are more aware of the connections that underpin the urban WEF nexus and have explicit obligation to sustenance in all three practices.
Exploitation Route We have been developing partnerships with policy and civil society groups. For example in Brazil, the team have been working with Guarulhos municipality in their program called "Ambienta Saúde", this program is now committed to engaging across sectorial public policies which focus on the elements of the Nexus.
We have been developing partnerships with policy and civil society groups. For example in Brazil, the team have been working with Guarulhos municipality in their program called "Ambienta Saúde", this program is now committed to engaging across sectorial public policies which focus on the elements of the Nexus.
In Sofia we are working with two Sofia Municipality agencies: Vision for Sofia (with a mandate to develop a long term strategic vision for the city) and Green Sofia (with a mandate to build relationships between the different operational silos within the municipality in order to enable urban sustainable development), to 1) identify and develop nexus indicators for urban resilience, and 2) use them to build practical models for creating, capturing and sharing value from nexus interactions between food, water, energy and the environment in Sofia.
Sectors Agriculture, Food and Drink,Education,Energy,Environment,Government, Democracy and Justice

URL http://resnexus.org/
 
Description Ongoing engagement with civil society groups in Sofia and Sau Paulo to promote awareness of the significance of urban agriculture to building urban resilience.
First Year Of Impact 2018
Sector Agriculture, Food and Drink,Government, Democracy and Justice
Impact Types Societal

 
Description PGIS course taught to 20 high school youths from the Novo Recreio community in Guarulhos, Brazil
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact During 3 months (April to June) 2017 a PGIS course was taught to 20 high school youths from the Novo Recreio community in Guarulhos, Brazil, at the NGO "Clube de Mães". The main objective of this course was to present to the students a new look of where they live, addressing environmental and health issues,from their community, aiming to promote empowerment and also disseminate a new technology, and at the same time introduce the nexus approach for the community development. Outcomes and final products showed main socio-environmental problems that these young students face in a day-to-day live, and also strategies to overcome these problems, and a new planning vision for the 1-5 years. Qualitative data collected for the project since the PGIS module has been taught suggests higher awareness within the community of the importance of fresh food on public health and the environment.
 
Description 3º EDITAL SANTANDER/USP/FUSP DE Direitos Fundamentais e Políticas Públicas
Amount R$ 5,000 (BRL)
Organisation Santander Bank 
Sector Private
Country United States
Start 01/2018 
End 08/2018
 
Description CNPq - Brazil National Council of Science
Amount R$ 6,000 (BRL)
Organisation National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq) 
Sector Public
Country Brazil
Start 08/2017 
End 06/2018
 
Description FAPESP-Sprint Strategic Research Fund 4th Edition 201
Amount R$ 25,000 (BRL)
Organisation São Paulo Research Foundation (FAPESP) 
Sector Public
Country Brazil
Start 09/2017 
End 03/2018
 
Description SHAPE Energy
Amount £2,880 (GBP)
Funding ID SHAPE ENERGY G2326 
Organisation European Commission 
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 02/2018 
End 04/2018
 
Description 4 blog posts on the Bulgarian case study 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The 4 blog posts: 4) Affordability and unevenness in provisioning of water and energy in Sofia / ?????????? ? ?????????????? ??? ??????????? ?? ???? ? ??????? ? ?????; 3) ???????? /lutenica/; 2) Mapping the food-water-energy nexus in Sofia: practices of urban gardening; and 1) Hello world and welcome to the ResNexus project! aim to introduce in more details the project fieldwork and key elements of it (such as the practice of making zimnina) to a wider and international audience. The research team has been contacted by several people in the UK and in Bulgaria who have read the blog and wanted to know more about the project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description 4 blog posts on the Resnexus website 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The four blogs: Building a community urban garden in a public school, in Novo Recreio, Guarulhos; Against the food deserts: Local Alternatives in Novo Recreio; A tool to map the urban nexus: a Participatory Geographic Information Systems (PGIS) approach; and A brief summary of our field visits in Guarulhos, aim to introduce the fieldwork and some of the participants, individuals and groups, and their activities and interests in the context of the urban nexus to a wider, international audience. Comments from participants and requests for further information from non-participants suggests that the blog posts have a wider international audience.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://resnexus.org/the-resnexus-blog/
 
Description A Special Issue on Health and Sustainable Development - Vol. 20-4, Oct- Dec. 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Special Issue on Health and Sustainable Development at the journal Ambiente and Sociedade, Vol. 20-4, Oct- Dec. 2017 with editors: Pedro Roberto Jacobi, Leandro Luiz Giatti, Helena Ribeiro The primary purpose is to raise awareness and start an academic-practitioner dialogue on the Sustainable Development Goals and intersectoral approaches connecting dimensions of social, economic, environmental and health concerns.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Blog post titled: "Cooking in Kampala: Mapping household vulnerability at the food-water-energy nexus" 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The blog post aimed to explain the study of the urban nexus in Kampala through the lenses of cooking matoke practices. It generated discussion with participants in the Bulgarian and Brazilian case studies of the same project. It was published in English on the project website.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://resnexus.org/blog/cooking-in-kampala-mapping-household-vulnerability-at-the-food-water-energy...
 
Description Blog post titled: "The vulnerable elderly in African cities - A morning spent with Jajja Nakimera in Bwaise" 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The purpose of the blog was to provide deeper contextual background on the Kampala case study and to highlight one vulnerable group (elderly people in African cities) and the impact the urban nexus has on it. The blog was translated in Bulgarian and posted alongside the English version on the project website. It generated a lot of discussion with the Bulgarian participants at 4 meetings in January 2018.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://resnexus.org/blog/vulnerable-elderly-african-cities-morning-spent-jajja-nakimera-bwaise/
 
Description Blog titled 'Making matooke for a growing family in kanyogoga - Betty's story' 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact A blog post providing contextual understanding of the practice of cooking matoke in Kampala and the vulnerabilities arising from the linkages between food, water and energy in the urban nexus. It aimed to provide better understanding of the Kampala case study to a wider international audiences. Participants in the Bulgarian case engaged with it and discussed it. The demand from Bulgarian participants was so great that the blog was translated into Bulgarian, as well as English and was published on the project webpage.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://resnexus.org/blog/making-matooke-for-a-growing-family-in-kanyogoga-bettys-story/
 
Description Ecosystem services and poverty alleviation in urbanizing south Asia. Marshall F, Dolley J, Bisht R, Randhawa R, Waldman L, Amersinghe P. Presentation at ESPA conference in Delhi, March 6th 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Presenting evidence on the importance of peri-urban ecosystems for urban sustainability.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Exhibition of fieldwork photos in Sofia 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The exhibition included 104 photos collected from fieldwork in Sofia (80 photos), Kampala (14 photos) and Sao Paolo (10 photos) in 2017 and 2018 and was arranged in a way highlighting the interactions between food, water, energy and the environment on one hand, and the different practices studied on the other. Visitors could record their thoughts about the practices and the connections between the different elements in a diary. Visitors asked many questions about the exhibition and recorded several entries with reflections in the diary. Many reported that it made them see hidden connections between food, water, energy and the environment more clearly.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.facebook.com/events/590998517902939/
 
Description Fieldwork stakeholder presentation and discussion 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact This talk was organised with local stakeholders in Guarulhos, Brazil on 03/08/2017 to engage a wider group of people from the fieldwork site to get involved in the project, by presenting and discussing the links that exist between public health and the environment, and how they are manifested through the urban nexus. The discussion created used partnerships with local communities which were organising themselves to carry out urban farming. This group is now being studied as part of the Brazilian case study.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Focus group in Kanyogoga, Kampala, Uganda 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact A focus group discussion with 4 local study participants who were shadowed for the project for 6 months and a number of local university staff and MSc students from Makerere University in Kampala. The intended purpose was to introduce the participants to some of the key findings from the research and discuss the formulation of future engagement and dissemination activities related to it (such as a workshop with local policy makers). The meeting raised awareness of the impact of nexus interactions between water, food, energy, environment and health.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description How do we 'co-produce' transformative knowledge? 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Explores ideas and case studies on 'transformations' drawing on research a range of STEPS Centre affiliated research including the ESPA funded Risks and Responses to Urban Futures and others. See: https://steps-centre.org/urbanisation/; https://steps-centre.org/project/pathways-network/.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://steps-centre.org/blog/how-do-we-co-produce-transformative-knowledge/
 
Description Infrastructure game British Science Festival 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact A two-hour infrastructure game designed for 45 people as part of the British Science Festival in Brighton on the 9th September 2017. The game was designed and carried out on conjunction with two infrastructure companies: the local water utility Southern Water and ICT company CalibreComs. The game aimed to introduce people to the ways in the which the provisioning of water, energy, telecommunications and the environment is interrelated and how it can be used strategically for developing more resiliences within cities. The game included a one hour discussion with participants and generated a lot of questions and requests for further information. Participants asked for the game to be made available to the public for free.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.britishsciencefestival.org/event/rebuild-brighton-an-unfrastructure-game/
 
Description International forum on environmental management 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact The presentation and discussion at the "VII - Fórum Internacional de Gestão Ambiental" at the Ministério Público do Estado in Rio Grande do Sul - Porto Alegre in Brazil aimed to illustrate the linkages between the urban nexus and environmental management, and to engage environmental policy makers with the water, food, energy and public health agenda.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Intervention and follow up blog write up at the Urban Nexus workshop at the University of Sussex 12-13th May 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The activity was an intervention on Disparities between citizens and users at the Disparities of the Urban Nexus session at the 2 day workshop on the Urban Nexus. The intended purpose was to highlight contradictions in the application of smart data to solving urban nexus problems and to generate dialogue on possible ways to address urban disparities. the discussion generated a number of follow-up activities with a variety of stakeholders.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Nexus working group at Pathways to Sustainable Urbanisation conference (29-30 January 2016) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Part of the Pathways to Sustainable Urbanisation STEPS hub launch conference held in JNU, Delhi. Project team Ritu Priya, Fiona Marshall, Ramila Bisht, Pritpal Randhawa convened the working group: Environment, Health and Sustainable Cities: What next for the Nexus?
The ESPA project, among others, was presented to the group of academics and activists in a concept note and discussion of directions for future research followed. The working group co-ordinators produced a report based on the discussions which is expected to lead to future collaborations in research and co-production of knowledge.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description One day workshop on Nexus of Water and Food in Novo Recreio 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact A one day workshop on "Nexus of Water and Food in Novo Recreio" in Guarulhos, Brazil was organised on the 05/12/2017 to bring bring together a variety of stakeholders involved in the project locally and build a network of people working together on understanding the issues related to the food and water nexus locally. The workshop discussed different ways in which stakeholders can get involved and contribute to the project, as well as ways to use the project outcomes to further local community goals, such as improved health and environment.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description One day workshop on the food nexus in the neighbourhood of Novo Recreio, Guarulhos, Brazil on 20/04/2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The workshop was organised as part of a series of continued engagement with different groups of stakeholders in one of the areas studied by the project - Novo Recreio in Guarulhos. The workshop aimed to introduce local stakeholders to the project and plan jointly some of the research activities and potential dissemination activities. There was a lot of interest in the workshop and increased interest in the project and the topic as a result.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Organising a special work studio 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This is a partnership with Janet Astbury from the Values and Sustainability Research Unit at the University of Brighton, Ralitsa Hiteva at SPRU, University of Sussex, and Cian O'Donovan at SPRU, University of Sussex on The role of placemaking and infrastructure in the circular economy at the 'Sustainable lifestyles, livelihoods and the circular economy' conference in Brighton, 27-29 June 2017.The purpose is to generate a discussion with local authorities, policy makers, NGOs and housing associations on incorporating measures for wellbeing, belonging and happiness into the National Needs Assessment methodology for the National Infrastructure Commission. The objective is to use the special work studio to design and propose a less technocratic methodology for assessing urban vulnerabilities and making plans for improving resilience at the urban nexus.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description PGIS in Novo Recreio and Guarulhos information and participation website 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact A specialised website on PGIS activities in Novo Recreio and Guarulhos was created in Portuguese and English to help teach students about the urban nexus in their neighbourhood and to serve as a repository of useful information acquired through data collection and sharing so that students who have undertaken the course can continue to work in understanding the impact of the urban nexus on vulnerabilities in their communities. The english version is available here: http://www.pgisnovorecreiowordpress.com The number of people engaging with the website and producing blogs for it have grown since it has been published, so had support for the nexus perspective and the project locally.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017,2018
URL http://www.sigparticipativo.wordpress.com
 
Description Paper session at the Participatory Mapping/GIS; San Luis Obispo, CA, USA 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The paper session aimed to bring together a variety of approaches to using GIS and participatory mapping in the context of ethnographic and nexus-focused research with vulnerable groups. The discussion informed the way participatory mapping and GIS were used to engage local stakeholders and test some of the assumptions of the project fieldwork.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Paper session in two parts at the Royal Geographical Society Annual International Conference, London, August 30 - September 2, 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact The research team organised a two part paper session titled: Governance innovations for the urban nexus. The session was co-organised with Chiara Farné Fratini (DIST, Aalborg University) and sponsored by the Urban Geography Research Group. Harriet Bulkeley (Durham University) was a discussant.
This session brought together empirical case studies and conceptual contributions that consider innovations in governance of the urban nexus (water-energy-food-environment) that:
1) Enable the creation of flexible arrangements; such that a choice of alternatives courses of action are left open in the medium and long-term, in contrast to patterns of early 'lock-in' to a particular policy trajectory, technology and set of interests;
2) Facilitate structures, cultures and practices of connecting, relating, interlinking and intermediating across sectors, technologies, actors and scales of governance;
3) Include the maximum possible variety and heterogeneity of actors (in terms of position, level and type of expertise and culture) and practices involved in governing the nexus across scales and sectors.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Paper session on Health Equity in September, 2017, Coimbra, Portugal 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The paper session in the 14th International Symposium on Urban Health "Health Equity: new urban agenda and sustainable development goals" aimed to engage a wide range of stakeholders taking place in the Symposium with the role of the urban nexus on public health and to test the methodologies and engagement strategies planned for the Brazilian case study of the project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Participatory Geographic Information System (PGIS) extension course on environmental health 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact A Participatory Geographic Information System (PGIS) extension course on environmental health, for children between the age of 14 and 17, was designed and taught in Novo Recreio (one of the neighbourhoods studied in the project) from April-June 2017. The course provided students with useful skills which allowed them to understand better the impact of urban nexus vulnerabilities on health and the environment in their communities, and to go on and help their communities in addressing these vulnerabilities.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Policy and practitioners workshop in Sofia 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact The purpose of the multi-stakeholder workshop was to present and test a vulnerability mapping of food-water-energy and the environment provisioning in Sofia; to introduce and discuss the values created from nexus thinking in the provisioning of food-water-energy and the environment, through the lens of three interrelated social practices: urban farming, making zimnina and energy provisioning; and the ways through which these values can be captured and shared. The day long discussion was organised around three tables, each of which was focused on a specific nexus practice: urban farming, integrated policy thinking and doing at municipal level and composting; and led by a policy-maker or a practitioner. Each table produced a vision for the development of a sustainable model for the practice which creates, captures and shares value building on nexus interactions of the practice with related practices. The workshop generated an interesting discussion between urban policy-makers and practitioners, identified useful partnerships and practical next step to building on nexus interactions. Two partnerships were formed on the day as a result of the workshop: between a solidarity kitchen which feeds 100 vulnerable people every day and the policy maker Vision for Sofia; and between a cooperative garden, composting NGO and the solidarity kitchen. All participants reported increased understanding of nexus relationships between the three discussed practices and interest in building up their practices based on nexus interactions.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.facebook.com/events/143525696460733/
 
Description Practitioners symposium: VI Simpósio de Saúde Ambiental 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The presentation and discussion were delivered as part of large symposium for further education in metropolitan areas and aimed to present to objectives, methods and planned engagements on the subject of the nexus with participants, local government and educators. Through the discussion links were drawn between projects studying similar topics.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Presentation and a discussion at the DISCLOSING SUSTAINABILITY The Transformative Power of Transparency conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact The activity included a presentation and a discussion on Mapping and Visualising Social Practices at the DISCLOSING SUSTAINABILITY The Transformative Power of Transparency? international conference at Wageningen University, the Netherlands, June 24- 25, 2016. The intended purpose was to present innovative methods for visualisation of nexus mapping and nexus social practices, and generate discussion across disciplines for its applications.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Presentation and a discussion at the School of Public Health at theUniversity of São Paulo, Brasil 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact The talk at the School of public health aimed to inform other researchers and students about the projects' work and to create a network of interested other researchers and students interested in similar issues. Following the talk several postgraduate students joined the project work and discussions on a regular basis, and chose to write about the urban nexus as for their dissertations.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Presentation and a discussion in "Simpósio Saúde e Ambiente" at the Federal University of Bahia, Salvador, Brazil 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact The objective of the presentation and the discussion was to inform and raise awareness of the fieldwork activities underway in the urban nexus case study. The presentation was followed by an extensive discussion about ways of engaging variety of vulnerable groups and policy-makers.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Presentation and a discussion: Saúde urbana no contexto do nexo da água, energia e alimentos 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact The presentation and the discussion which took place on 7th July 2017 aimed to inform local stakeholders of the intended purposes and methods to be used/being used in investigating and analysing the urban nexus of water, food and energy in the context of Sao Paolo. The discussion helped shape the future work and planning of impact activities for the Brazilian case study.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Presentation at UNASUR (União das Nações Sul-Americanas) in Brazil 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact The presentation was part of an expert panel on issues related to publish health and environmental management and aimed to highlight the manifestation of regional and local vulnerabilities through the linkages and lack of such linkages between water food and the environment. The discussion with policy makers and practitioners proposed a new way of framing existing issues and approaches linked to vulnerable groups in cities, those living in informal and semi-formal settlements.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Presentation on international water governance and environmental justice 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The presentation and discussion at the "VI Govágua: Encotnro Internacional de governança da Água - Fortalecimento da Governança e Ampliação da participação como caminho para a justiça Hídrica" at the Federal University of ABC in Brazil on 23/11/2017 aimed to introduce to a wider practically oriented audience the implications of the urban nexus for issues of equity and justice, specifically in the context of international water governance. The presented nexus perspective of approaching the latter issue is relatively new and attracted a lot of interest from the audience from different countries.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Public discussion in Sofia 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact A public discussion from 6 pm till 8pm with 5 panelists ( 3 local participants and 2 international researchers) moderated by representative from Greenpeace Bulgaria on the topic of : Urban Farming - a hobby, way of life or survival? The purpose of the talk was to introduce nexus thinking and showcase the relationships between food, water, energy and the environment through the lens of the practice of urban farming. A count was taken at the start of the discussion with most people supporting the idea that urban farming is a hobby and only 1 person thinking that it is a way of survival. At the end of the discussion the majority have changed their minds and believed that it is a way of survival. The discussion sparked many questions and a heated discussion between supporters of different views in the audience and in the panel. The public discussion was followed by a reception to showcase the exhibition made from photos taken during the fieldwork in Sofia, Kampala and Sao Paolo.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.facebook.com/events/764042620453471/
 
Description RESNEXUS 2018 CONFERENCE, Wageningen, November 7 and 8, 2018: Rethinking urban resilience 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact The ResNexus conference was held at Wageningen University & Research in Wageningen, the Netherlands, on November 7 and 8, 2018. The conference brought together academics and practitioners working in government and civil society who are dealing with the Urban Water Energy Food and Environment Nexus worldwide.

The conference is part of the "Resilience and Vulnerability at the urban nexus of food, water, energy and the environment" (ResNexus) project jointly funded by the FAPESP, ESRC and NWO. It was hosted by the Environmental Policy Group at Wageningen University and Research in conjunction with the ResNexus project partners Science Policy Research Unit (SPRU) at the University of Sussex and the Faculty of Public Health at the University of São Paulo.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.resnexus2018.org/
 
Description RETHINKING 'SMART' IN INDIA: THE CITY AS AN ECOLOGY OF PRACTICES - blog post 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Blog post by Saurabh Arora on STEPS Centre website commenting on the recent selection of smart cities in India and what actually constitutes a truly 'smart' city.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://steps-centre.org/2016/blog/rethinking-smart-in-india-the-city-as-an-ecology-of-practices/?ref...
 
Description Research engagement and exchange trip to Sao Paolo 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Two researchers from the teams at Wageningen Institute and the University of Sussex visited the neighbourhood and organisations being studied as part of the Brazilian case study. The aims was to engage them with the thinking behind the methods and concepts underpinning the project, and discuss and implement any changes needed in the way data was being collected and analysed. The engagement was practically oriented, and along with a long and engaging discussion, all researchers had an opportunity to get involved in some of the practices being studied. Local participants reported better understanding of the nexus relationship involved in the practices included in the project and the rationale for the planned activities for engagement with the project. As a result some vowed to change the way they providing fresh food for themselves and their communities.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Seminar on The Governability of the Urban Nexus at the Institute of Advanced Studies (Instituto de Estudos Avançados), University of São Paulo. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The meeting was attended by researchers: Leandro Giatti (FSP/USP and IEA/USP), Pedro Roberto Jacobi (IEA/USP, FE/USP and IEE/USP), Patrícia Constante Jaime (FSP/USP), Célio Berman (IEA/USP and IEE/USP), Michele Dalla Fontana (University of Venice, Italy) and Joshua Daniel Shake (FSP/USP). In the first part of the meeting, the issue of "Sectorial Governance of the nexus at the municipal level" was addressed. In this block, was discussed (i) the municipality and the extent of public policies that connect healthy and sustainable food; (ii) municipal energy management; and (iii) water as the main focus of the nexus interlacing and the performance of the municipality of water resources. The second block deliberated about the "Interdependence and Synergy", and was discussed (i) the investigation of the urban nexus of the chains in the city of Guarulhos and the perspective of urban planning; and (ii) identification of interdependence and possibilities of viable synergy at the municipal level. The purpose was to generate a discussion between local stakeholders
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Setting up a project website 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Setting up a dedicated project website: www.Resnexus.org which contains details about the project, research teams, events, outputs (like presentations, event reports, papers etc< photos and blogs from the three field sites. All details are available in 4 languages: English, Swahili (Kampala); Bulgarian (Sofia) and Portuguese and are prepared in an accessible language, using non-technical and academic language. the purpose of the website is to engage practitioners, policy makers and school students with the issues of the nexus, urban vulnerability and resilience. The objective is to make all these materials available as open access teaching materials.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description The role of placemaking and infrastructure in the circular economy - a studio workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The studioworkshop was part of the Sustainable Lifestyles, Livelihoods and the Circular Economy conference taking places at the University of Sussex 27th-29th June 2017. The studio workshop included academics, policy makers from Haringey City Council and industry representatives from Orbit, the housing association. The discussion focused on practical ways of addressing the vulnerabilities from the water-food-energy-environment-land nexus through practices around the provisioning of water-food-energy-housing. The discussion covered examples from Canada, Europe and Asia, and generated a lot of interest in the discussants. As a follow up from the session Orbit developed a partnership with Ralitsa Hiteva for the development of a new ESRC proposal focusing on nexus relationships and wellbeing.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://grf-spc.weebly.com/uploads/2/1/3/3/21333498/grf_brighton_conference_full_programme_draft_9_ju...
 
Description Two day workshop on 'Nexuses of the Urban: Interactions between water, energy and food provision for sustainable cities' 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The workshop on the 'Nexuses of the Urban: Interactions between water, energy and food provision for sustainable cities' was organised by Dr Saurabh Arora, SPRU at University of Sussex and it aimed to generate an interdisciplinary discussion and debate about cities-rural and peri urban food-water-energy nexus linkages. The debate sparked a lot of discussion and follow up activities such as invitations for participation in future workshops, events and proposal.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.thenexusnetwork.org/urban-nexus-workshop-12-13-may-2016-sussex-uk/
 
Description Two paper sessions at the VIII ENANPPAS (VIII National conference of the national post-graduation and research association in environment and society) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact The two paper sessions at the VIII ENANPPAS (VIII National conference of the national post-graduation and research association in environment and society) in Natal, Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil in October 2017 aimed to introduce and discuss methodological and engagement innovations in doing ethnographic research with vulnerable groups on the urban nexus. there was a discussion on our plans to use PGIS training to engage with local stakeholders.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Two paper sessions on the Governance innovations for the urban nexus at the RGS with IBG Annual International Conference, London 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The activity included a partnership between Ralitsa Hiteva and Chiara Farne Fratini (Aalborg University, Denmark) to organise two paper sessions on the Governance innovations for the urban nexus (on 2 September 2016) at the RGS with IBG Annual International Conference, London. the event was very well attended (the room was at full capacity - 70 people) and it sparked a long debate about urban vulnerability of the nexus. Several requests were made for more details and discussions with three potential partners in organising workshops in Kampala and Sofia, and working jointly on developing an innovative methodology for hybrid forums were discussed.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description WHY WE NEED TO REVEAL THE HIDDEN CONNECTIONS AT THE HEART OF CITIES - blog post 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Blog post by Fiona Marshall and Ritu Priya critiquing the dominant policy approach to cities and highlighting the important connections between environment, health and poverty in cities which are often unrecognised in policies designed to tackle urban problems which often reflect particular elite agendas and exclude the interests of the marginalised. The blog post summarises findings from a number of projects including the ESPA funded 'Risks and Responses to Urban Futures' project and outlines the focus of the STEPS Urban Theme, linking to other information on steps-centre.org about related projects and recent events.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://steps-centre.org/2016/blog/why-we-need-to-reveal-the-hidden-connections-at-the-heart-of-citie...
 
Description Workshop on 'Pathways to Resilience Vision-building workshop' on 26 September 2017 in Kampala 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact 50 people from national and local organisations, and researchers from UK, Brazil and Uganda attended this multistakeholder workshop in Kampala. The purpose of the workshop was to: 1) present the key findings of the research in Kampala; 2) to raise awareness of nexus (water-food-energy-environment) interdependencies and the vulnerabilities these create for local communities; and 3) create discussion about how these vulnerabilities can be addressed through actions and activities around cooking matoke. The workshop included presentations, verbal accounts, discussions and a trip to one of the field sites (one of the poorer neighbourhoods in Kampala) for all workshop participants. As a result of all these activities all participants reported increased awareness of the nexus vulnerabilities related to cooking matoke and the linkages that these have with other more traditional policies such as water supply.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://resnexus.org/blog/want-see-kampala-2042/
 
Description Workshop on Mobilizing the Urban in Sustainability Transitions at the International Sustainability Transitions conference at SPRU, University of Sussex on 27 August 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact The research team organised and led the workshop in which discussions involved intellectual exchange between academics from different disciplines to contribute to greater understanding among all participants of the role of the urban in sustainability transitions and promoted the development of interdisciplinary approaches to the topic.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Workshop on Urban transitions at the International Sustainability Transitions conference at SPRU, University of Sussex on 26 August 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact The research team organised and led the workshop in which discussions involved intellectual exchange between academics from different disciplines to contribute to greater understanding among all participants of the multiple perspectives on urban transitions and promoted the development of interdisciplinary approaches to the topic.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Writing a blog post (No time to waste for the food, water, energy nexus in Kampala) on vision building workshop on the food, water, energy nexus in Kampala, Uganda 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The blog aimed to provide a summary and my reflections as an international researcher working on the same issues, but in a different context, of the vision building workshop in Kampala for those who were not able to take part. The blog was published on the project webpage and sparked a lot of interest from the fieldwork participants from the Bulgarian case , as they sought to draw comparison between the different fieldwork sites. I showed the Bulgarian participants photos from the field site visit as part of the workshop and we discussed the workshop format and findings at 4 meetings in my apartment in January 2018 (the second part of the fieldwork in Sofia). Some of the findings about the tradeoffs between water and energy use were relatable to the Bulgarian context (i.e. the practice of making zimnina) and served to highlight vulnerabilities which have remained hidden in traditional practices, reproduced over decades.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://resnexus.org/blog/no-time-waste-food-water-energy-nexus-kampala/